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ophthalmic anaesthesia

Nitin Bhorkar, Tasneem Dhansura, Urmila Tarawade, Sanchita Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Asimina Mataftsi, Paraskevi Malamaki, Efthymia Prousali, Paraskevi Riga, Dimitrios Lathyris, Nikolaos T Chalvatzis, Anna-Bettina Haidich
PURPOSE: Although chloral hydrate (CH) has been used as a sedative for decades, it is not widely accepted as a valid choice for ophthalmic examinations in uncooperative children. This study aimed to systematically review the literature on the drug's safety and efficacy. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, CENTRAL, Google Scholar and Trip database to 1 October 2015, using the keywords 'chloral hydrate', 'paediatric' and 'procedural sedation OR diagnostic sedation'...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
A Mayordomo-Febrer, M Rubio, M Martínez-Gassent, M M López-Murcia
Intraocular pressure (IOP) and tear production are commonly affected by general anaesthesia. It is necessary to have a good control of both to guarantee successful ophthalmic surgery. The purpose of this research was to evaluate if the protocol based on the administration of morphine-alfaxalone-midazolam as premedication, alfaxalone as induction and sevoflurane as maintenance, can induce changes on IOP and Schirmer's tear test (STT-1) in healthy dogs. Twenty-two adult mixed-breed dogs scheduled for an ovariohysterectomy were enrolled for the study...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
Ana Licina, Sharan Sidhu, Jing Xie, Crispin Wan
BACKGROUND: Vitrectomy surgery is one of the commonest ophthalmic procedures performed across the world. It may be performed using general or local anaesthesia encompassing regional or topical anaesthesia depending on a number of factors, including patient suitability, and patient, surgeon or anaesthetist preference. There have so far been no evidence-based recommendations on the best form of anaesthesia for this intervention. There is no clear collated evidence base as to the best type of anaesthesia to reduce harm, and provide best surgical conditions and optimal outcome for patients...
September 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gökhan Peker, Suna Akın Takmaz, Bülent Baltacı, Hülya Başar, Mustafa Kotanoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare insertion parameters of four different types of supraglottic airway devices (SGAD) (Classic LMA, I-gel LMA, Proseal LMA, Cobra PLA) in children undergoing ophthalmic surgery and to determine the effect on intra-ocular pressure (IOP) and haemodynamic responses during insertion. METHODS: Sixty American society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II children aged 1-10 years undergoing extra-ocular ophthalmic surgery were randomly divided into four groups (Group LMA, Group I-gel LMA, Group PLMA and Group CPLA) in this prospective, randomised study...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
W B Little, G St Jean, F Sithole, E Little, K Yvorchuk-St Jean
OBJECTIVES: The use of corneal anaesthesia is necessary for a range of clinical purposes. Therefore, we assessed and compared the efficacy of corneal anaesthesia after application of 0.4% oxybuprocaine hydrochloride and 0.5% proparacaine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution in clinically normal cattle. METHODS: The 24 clinically normal cows were allocated into two groups. Cows in group 1 (n = 12) received 0.2 mL of 0.4% oxybuprocaine hydrochloride with fluorescein ophthalmic solution in one eye and 0...
June 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
Stephan Waxweiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Neharika Sharma, Stephen O'Hagan, Gael Phillips
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival myxomas are rare, benign, connective tissue tumours that classically present as slow-growing, painless, well-circumscribed masses (Arch Ophthalmol 124:735-8, 2006; Case Rep Ophthalmol 3:145-50, 2012). There have been 29 cases reported in the literature (Arch Ophthalmol 124:735-8, 2006; Malays J Med Sci 20(1):92-4, 2013; Case Rep Ophthalmol 3:145-50, 2012; Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 19(3):353-3, 2012). We present a case with atypical features, and emphasize the importance of excisional biopsies for diagnosing indeterminate conjunctival lesions...
May 13, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Suman Shree Ramaswamy, B Parimala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Midazolam-fentanyl (MDZ:FEN) combination has been routinely used for intravenous sedation in ophthalmic surgeries. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a recent α2 adrenoreceptor agonist indicated for sedation for ophthalmic use at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg over 10 min, can cause deeper plane of sedation and surgeon dissatisfaction. Therefore, we proposed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two different loading doses of DEX. METHODS: In a prospective study, 60 patients aged 50-70 years, scheduled for retinal surgery under peribulbar block were divided equally to receive either MDZ:FEN or DEX 0...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Başak Altiparmak, Başak Akça, Aysun Ankay Yilbaş, Nalan Çelebi
Ketamine is a non-barbiturate cyclohexamine derivative which produces a state of sedation, immobility, analgesia, amnesia, and dissociation from the environment. One of the most important advantages of ketamine premedication is production of balanced sedation with less respiratory depression and less changes in blood pressure or heart rate. As its effects on intracranial pressure, the possible effect of ketamine on intraocular pressure has been controversial overtime. In this study, we aimed to demostrate all the advantages and possible side effects of ketamine premedication in 100 children with retinablastoma undergoing ophthalmic surgery...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Kyung Mi Kim, Ki Hwa Lee, Yong Han Kim, Myoung Jin Ko, Jae-Wook Jung, Eunsu Kang
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of preoperative midazolam or ketamine on the incidence of emergence agitation (EA) following sevoflurane anaesthesia in children. METHODS: Paediatric patients (2-6 years old) undergoing ophthalmic surgery were allocated to receive premedication with either 0.1 mg/kg midazolam or 1 mg/kg ketamine. Incidence of EA and postoperative pain scores were recorded at 10-min intervals in the postanaesthetic care unit (PACU)...
April 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
O H Onakpoya, F D Asudo, A O Adeoye
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmic surgical procedures are performed under anaesthesia to enhance comfort and cooperation of patient. OBJECTIVE: To review factors influencing the choice of anaesthesia for ophthalmic surgical procedures. DESIGN: Restrospective descriptive study. SETTING: Eye unit of a tertiary hospital. SUBJECTS: All patients who had ophthalmic surgeries in the operating theatre from January 2002 to December 2009...
March 2014: East African Medical Journal
G Olavarri González, B García-Valcarcel González, A Baeza Autillo, P Balado Vazquez
CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old male diagnosed with Goldenhar syndrome, with an unremarkable ophthalmic history, develops a neurotrophic ulcer secondary to trigeminal nerve aplasia. It was treated with multilaminar amniotic membrane transplantation. DISCUSSION: Trigeminal nerve aplasia is not usually reported in Goldenhar syndrome. Therefore, it seems necessary to perform routine eye examinations, from an early age, to prevent serious complications associated with corneal anaesthesia...
April 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
O P Odugbo, C D Mpyet, P D Wade, O O Adenuga, M O Adejoh
BACKGROUND: An estimated 285 million persons are visually impaired globally, and 39 million of them are blind. Majority of the blind population reside in developing countries. Over 60% of blindness is attributable to surgical causes of blindness. A surgical audit reveals areas of performance that require improvement. AIM: To assess the output and pattern of minor ophthalmic surgeries over a seven year period. METHOD: The minor ophthalmic surgical records of Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria were retrospectively reviewed to obtain information on the patients'demographics, diagnosis, indication, type of surgery, type of anaesthesia administered, outcome of management, histology report and the rank of surgeon...
April 2014: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
Maria Teresa Fadda, Gaetano Ierardo, Barbara Ladniak, Gianni Di Giorgio, Alessandro Caporlingua, Ingrid Raponi, Alessandro Silvestri
Apert syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia and symmetric syndactyly of hands and feet. Abnormalities associated with Apert syndrome include premature fusion of coronal sutures system (coronal sutures and less frequently lambdoid suture) resulting in brachiturricephalic dismorphism and impaired skull base growth. After this brief explanation it is clear that these anatomical abnormalities may have a negative impact on the ability to perform essential functions...
April 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
K Mohan Raj, P Arun Subhash Reddy, Vikram Chella Kumar
Angle closure glaucoma is one of the ophthalmic emergencies and treatment has to be given at the earliest. It is a rare complication of general anesthesia. A female patient underwent Hysterectomy under general anesthesia. Following this, patient developed bilateral angle closure glaucoma. This patient was treated with antiglaucoma medications followed by YAG laser iridotomy and patient regained vision.
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
H Zuche, E Morinello, Anja Viestenz, M F Fiorentzis, T Volk, B Seitz, Arne Viestenz
AIM: In general anaesthesia (GA) for ocular surgery the chosen non-depolarising muscle relaxant has a high influence on the fluctuations of intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular pulse amplitude (OPA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 229 patients, who needed GA for their ophthalmic surgery, OPA and IOP were measured with the dynamic contour tonometer (DCT) before and 5 minutes after intubation. For GA, three groups of non-depolarising muscle relaxants, namely, mivacurium (n = 71), atracurium (n = 91) and rocuronium (n = 67) were used...
December 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Francisco J Ascaso, Javier Peligero, Javier Longás, Andrzej Grzybowski
Advances in ophthalmic surgery, together with achieving greater patient safety, have changed the requirements of regional anaesthesia of the eye, orbit, and periocular skin. Patient comfort, safety, and low complication rates are essentials of regional anesthesia, which includes invasive procedures that generate intraoperative and postoperative analgesia, as well as akinesia. We present the currently used local anesthesia (topical and subcutaneous infiltration of local anesthetics) and regional anesthetic techniques in ophthalmic procedures, describing the techniques, advantages, disadvantages, and complications in ophthalmic regional blocks, as well as some educational measures to implement them to reduce the risk of ocular complications...
March 2015: Clinics in Dermatology
Renu Sinha, Ghansham Biyani, Sulagna Bhattacharjee
Panthothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) (Hallervorden-Spatz disease) is a rare autosomal recessive chromosomal disorder characterised by progressive neuroaxonal dystrophy. The characteristic features include involuntary movements, rigidity, mental retardation, seizures, emaciation. The anaesthetic concerns include difficult airway, aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, and post-operative respiratory, and renal insufficiency. We report successful anaesthetic management of a 9-year-old intellectually disabled male child with PKAN, scheduled for ophthalmic surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Mesut Coşkun, Mutlu Cihan Dağlioğlu, Ramazan Davran, Nilüfer Ilhan, Ozgür Ilhan, Esra Ayhan Tuzcu, Emre Ayintap, Uğurcan Keskin, Huseyin Oksüz
OBJECTIVE: To research the effects of sub-Tenon's anaesthesia (STA) on ocular hemodynamics in patients with cataract using colour Doppler imaging (CDI). DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients with age-related cataract. METHODS: Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistive index (RI) values of the ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery, and central retinal vein were measured by CDI before and immediately after performing sub-Tenon block using 2 mL of 2% lidocaine with adrenaline (1:200 000)...
April 2014: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
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