Read by QxMD icon Read


Emily E Burns, Laura J Carter, Dana W Kolpin, Jane Thomas-Oates, Alistair B A Boxall
Many studies have quantified pharmaceuticals in the environment, few however, have incorporated detailed temporal and spatial variability due to associated costs in terms of time and materials. Here, we target 33 physico-chemically diverse pharmaceuticals in a spatiotemporal exposure study into the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the wastewater system and the Rivers Ouse and Foss (two diverse river systems) in the city of York, UK. Removal rates in two of the WWTPs sampled (a conventional activated sludge (CAS) and trickling filter plant) ranged from not eliminated (carbamazepine) to >99% (paracetamol)...
March 3, 2018: Water Research
Shiyun Chi, Cuizhen Wei, Jinxiu Zheng, Jun Hu, Ming Li, Juxiang Hu
In this study, the Li River and the middle-lower reaches of the Shaying River in the Shaying River basin were selected for an investigation on the effects of floodgates on macroinvertebrate communities; additionally, the relationships among floodgates, macroinvertebrate communities and river longitudinal connectivity were explored. The Li and Shaying rivers had similar ratios of molluscs and scrapers, but their species compositions were significantly different. The water level fluctuations in the Li River were based on natural hydrological characteristics, and these were very different from the fluctuations in the reaches of the Shaying River that were divided by a serious of floodgates...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Heejung Kim, Dugin Kaown, Bernhard Mayer, Jin-Yong Lee, Kang-Kun Lee
Hyporheic zones are considered hot spots for numerically vast and phylogenetically diverse microbial communities. However, biogeochemical effects of hyporheic zones have rarely been investigated in detail because of the difficulty in accurately measuring denitrification in these zones. To date, little is known about the hydroecology of hyporheic zones. The effect of changes in hydraulic conditions on the community variations of indigenous microorganisms and water quality was examined based on the depth of the hyporheic zone...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Irena F Creed, Ann-Kristin Bergström, Charles G Trick, Nancy B Grimm, Dag O Hessen, Jan Karlsson, Karen A Kidd, Emma Kritzberg, Diane M McKnight, Erika C Freeman, Oscar E Senar, Agneta Andersson, Jenny Ask, Martin Berggren, Mehdi Cherif, Reiner Giesler, Erin R Hotchkiss, Pirkko Kortelainen, Monica M Palta, Tobias Vrede, Gesa A Weyhenmeyer
Northern ecosystems are experiencing some of the most dramatic impacts of global change on Earth. Rising temperatures, hydrological intensification, changes in atmospheric acid deposition and associated acidification recovery, and changes in vegetative cover are resulting in fundamental changes in terrestrial-aquatic biogeochemical linkages. The effects of global change are readily observed in alterations in the supply of dissolved organic matter (DOM) - the messenger between terrestrial and lake ecosystems - with potentially profound effects on the structure and function of lakes...
March 15, 2018: Global Change Biology
Paul M Barlow, Stanley A Leake, Michael N Fienen
The term capture, related to the source of water derived from wells, has been used in two distinct yet related contexts by the hydrologic community. The first is a water-budget context, in which capture refers to decreases in the rates of groundwater outflow and (or) increases in the rates of recharge along head-dependent boundaries of an aquifer in response to pumping. The second is a transport context, in which capture zone refers to the specific flowpaths that define the three-dimensional, volumetric portion of a groundwater flow field that discharges to a well...
March 15, 2018: Ground Water
Cheng Wan-Ting, Pan Xiang, Yang Ya, Yang Yu, Li Lin-Han, He Zhong, Cai Bin, Wan Wei, Jiang Jie, Jiang Qing-Wu, Zhou Yi-Biao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the dynamic changes of Oncomelania hupensis snail densities in autumn and winter and the relationship between hydrological and meteorological factors and snail growth and decline. METHODS: From Octobers to Decembers of 2007 to 2014, a bottomland close to eastern Dongting Lake was selected as the study field. The snails and elevation of the points were surveyed, and the hydrological and meteorological data were collected. The snail densities and death rates of every month were calculated...
December 11, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Xiaofeng Yi, Jian Zhang, Tiehu Fan, Baofeng Tian, Chuandong Jiang
Magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) is a novel geophysical method to detect groundwater directly. By applying this method to underground projects in mines and tunnels, warning information can be provided on water bodies that are hidden in front prior to excavation and thus reduce the risk of casualties and accidents. However, unlike its application to ground surfaces, the application of MRS to underground environments is constrained by the narrow space, quite weak MRS signal, and complex electromagnetic interferences with high intensities in mines...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
Naicheng Wu, Yueming Qu, Björn Guse, Kristė Makarevičiūtė, Szewing To, Tenna Riis, Nicola Fohrer
There has been increasing interest in algae-based bioassessment, particularly, trait-based approaches are increasingly suggested. However, the main drivers, especially the contribution of hydrological variables, of species composition, trait composition, and beta diversity of algae communities are less studied. To link species and trait composition to multiple factors (i.e., hydrological variables, local environmental variables, and spatial factors) that potentially control species occurrence/abundance and to determine their relative roles in shaping species composition, trait composition, and beta diversities of pelagic algae communities, samples were collected from a German lowland catchment, where a well-proven ecohydrological modeling enabled to predict long-term discharges at each sampling site...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Ramananda Chakrabarti, Surajit Mondal, Shiba Shankar Acharya, J Sree Lekha, Debasis Sengupta
Evaluating the submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) derived strontium (Sr) flux from the Bengal Basin to the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and determining its isotopic composition is crucial for understanding the marine Sr isotopic evolution over time. Measurements of spatially and temporally distributed water samples collected from the BoB show radiogenic87 Sr/86 Sr, high Sr, calcium (Ca) concentrations and high salinity in samples collected dominantly from 100-120 m depth, which can be explained only by the contribution of saline groundwater from the Bengal Basin...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
A A Markus, P Krystek, P C Tromp, J R Parsons, E W M Roex, P de Voogt, R W P M Laane
We investigated the occurrence of metal-based nanoparticles in a natural system, the river Dommel in the Netherlands. The river itself is well-studied as far as hydrology and water quality is concerned, easily accessible and contains one major wastewater treatment plant discharging onto this river. We sampled water from various locations along the river and collected samples of influent, effluent and sewage sludge from the wastewater treatment plant. The sampling campaign was carried out in June 2015 and these samples were analysed for seven elements using high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS), ultrafiltration with a sequence of mesh sizes and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
March 9, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
T Trinh, M L Kavvas, K Ishida, A Ercan, Z Q Chen, M L Anderson, C Ho, T Nguyen
Soil properties play an important role in watershed hydrology and environmental modeling. In order to model realistic hydrologic processes, it is necessary to obtain compatible soil data. This study introduces a new method that integrates global soil databases with land use/land cover (LULC) databases to better represent saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) which is one of the most important soil properties in hydrologic modeling. The Ks is modified by means of uniting physical infiltration mechanisms with hydrologic soil-LULC complexes from lookup tables from USDA-SCS (1985)...
March 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Devanshi Pathak, Paul G Whitehead, Martyn N Futter, Rajiv Sinha
The present study analyzes the water quality characteristics of the Ramganga (a major tributary of the Ganga river) using long-term (1991-2009) monthly data and applies the Integrated Catchment Model of Nitrogen (INCA-N) and Phosphorus (INCA-P) to the catchment. The models were calibrated and validated using discharge (1993-2011), phosphate (1993-2010) and nitrate (2007-2010) concentrations. The model results were assessed based on Pearson's correlation, Nash-Sutcliffe and Percentage bias statistics along with a visual inspection of the outputs...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Chongwei Li, Yajuan Zhang, Gehendra Kharel, Chris B Zou
Nutrient discharge into peri-urban streams and reservoirs constitutes a significant pressure on environmental management, but quantitative assessment of non-point source pollution under climate variability in fast changing peri-urban watersheds is challenging. Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was used to simulate water budget and nutrient loads for landscape patterns representing a 30-year progression of urbanization in a peri-urban watershed near Tianjin metropolis, China. A suite of landscape pattern indices was related to nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) loads under dry and wet climate using CANOCO redundancy analysis...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Management
Yama Dixit, David A Hodell, Alena Giesche, Sampat K Tandon, Fernando Gázquez, Hari S Saini, Luke C Skinner, Syed A I Mujtaba, Vikas Pawar, Ravindra N Singh, Cameron A Petrie
Today the desert margins of northwest India are dry and unable to support large populations, but were densely occupied by the populations of the Indus Civilization during the middle to late Holocene. The hydroclimatic conditions under which Indus urbanization took place, which was marked by a period of expanded settlement into the Thar Desert margins, remains poorly understood. We measured the isotopic values (δ18 O and δD) of gypsum hydration water in paleolake Karsandi sediments in northern Rajasthan to infer past changes in lake hydrology, which is sensitive to changing amounts of precipitation and evaporation...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Maria Myrstener, Gerard Rocher-Ros, Ryan M Burrows, Ann-Kristin Bergström, Reiner Giesler, Ryan A Sponseller
Climate change is rapidly reshaping arctic landscapes through shifts in vegetation cover and productivity, soil resource mobilization, and hydrological regimes. The implications of these changes for stream ecosystems and food webs is unclear and will depend largely on microbial biofilm responses to concurrent shifts in temperature, light, and resource supply from land. To study those responses, we used nutrient diffusing substrates to manipulate resource supply to biofilm communities along regional gradients in stream temperature, riparian shading, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) loading in arctic Sweden...
March 8, 2018: Global Change Biology
Berenice Schneider, Eduardo R Cunha, Mercedes Marchese, Sidinei M Thomaz
Macrophyte assemblages are composed of species with different life forms and various ecological functions. Our aim was to investigate the potential environmental determinants of changes in the biomass of individual life forms and of the composition of the macrophyte assemblage in terms of life forms diversity. We sampled 23 waterbodies at low and high water levels in the Middle Paraná River floodplain. Macrophyte biomass samples were collected and classified in terms of life forms. We performed a redundancy analysis using the biomass of the various life forms to assess the importance of environmental variables to the composition of macrophyte life forms...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Confidence Duku, Sander J Zwart, Lars Hein
In recent decades, there have been substantial increases in crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as a result of higher yields, increased cropping intensity, expansion of irrigated cropping systems, and rainfed cropland expansion. Yet, to date much of the research focus of the impact of climate change on crop production in the coming decades has been on crop yield responses. In this study, we analyse the impact of climate change on the potential for increasing rainfed cropping intensity through sequential cropping and irrigation expansion in central Benin...
2018: PloS One
C Joon Chuah, Alan D Ziegler
We investigated the impacts of on-site sanitation systems to local groundwater. In this year-long study, we monitored the response of faecal contamination levels to hydroclimatological factors including rainfall and groundwater table. Concentration of faecal indicators-E. coli (ESC), Enterococcus (ENT), nitrate-in thirteen pairs of shallow and deep wells were determined every 7-14 days. All samples from shallow wells were tested positive for faecal contamination (ESC and ENT > 1 MPN/100 mL) but concentration varies...
March 5, 2018: Environmental Management
Xinjuan Gao, Nengwang Chen, Dan Yu, Yinqi Wu, Bangqin Huang
Increased anthropogenic nutrient input and losses has caused eutrophication problems in freshwater and coastal ecosystems worldwide. High-frequency observations and modeling of river fluxes in subtropical regions are required to understand nutrient cycling and predict water quality and ecological responses. In 2014, a normal hydrologic year, we carried out daily sampling of the North Jiulong River in southeast China, which drains an agricultural watershed and experiences the Asian monsoon climate. We focused on the distinct characteristics of two important inorganic nitrogen forms (ammonium and nitrate)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Subhasis Giri, Zeyuan Qiu, Zhen Zhang
Understanding the relationship between land use and water quality is essential to improve water quality through carefully managing landscape change. This study applies a linear mixed model at both watershed and hydrologically sensitive areas (HSAs) scales to assess such a relationship in 28 northcentral New Jersey watersheds located in a rapidly urbanizing region in the United States. Two models differ in terms of the geographic scope used to derive land use matrices that quantify land use conditions. The land use matrices at the watershed and HSAs scales represent the land use conditions in these watersheds and their HSAs, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"