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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302234/tuberculous-dactylitis-with-concomitant-thyroid-involvement-a-rare-presentation-of-childhood-tuberculosis
#1
Sobia Qamar, Farrah Naz, Samia Naz, Iftikhar Ejaz
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis rarely presents as thyroid involvement along with other manifestations, and poses a diagnostic challenge on account of paucibacillary nature of disease. In general, the diagnosis of tuberculosis is based on epidemiological risk factors, clinical features, imaging studies, in addition to a positive skin testing or Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA). A 14-year boy presented with history of fever and weight loss for one year. On examination, he had painful swelling of fingers and toes along with a painless thyroid nodule and squint...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276792/binocular-vision-and-squint-part-1
#2
Isolde den Tonkelaar, Harold H Henkes, Gijsbert K van Leersum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256489/outcome-of-strabismus-surgery-by-nonadjustable-suture-among-adults-attending-a-university-hospital-of-saudi-arabia
#3
F A Al-Wadaani
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome and safety of surgical treatment of Saudi adult patients with strabismus by nonadjustable suture and to evaluate the prevalence of diplopia and binocularity after strabismus correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of 96 patients above the age of 16-years old with strabismus seen at the King Fahd Hospital of the King Faisal University (KFUH) from July 1st, 2000 to June 30th, 2007 who were underwent strabismus correction surgery...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173650/-clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-hyperekplexia-in-a-chinese-child-and-literature-review
#4
H Li, Z X Yang, J Xue, P Qian, X Y Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic features of a Chinese child with hyperekplexia and review the related literature. Method: The clinical and genetic data of one patient with hyperekplexia, who had visited the department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital in July 2012, were analyzed. "Hyperekplexia" "startle disease" "GLRB" were used as key words to search at CNKI, Wanfang and PubMed from the database from creation to August 2016. Result: The one-year-old female patient showed exaggerated startle reflexes and generalized stiffness in response to external sudden, unexpected stimuli at 2 hours after birth, which existed every day...
February 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104946/mobious-syndrome-mr-findings
#5
Maskal Revanna Srinivas, Dhulappa Mudabasappagol Vaishali, Kadaba Shamachar Vedaraju, Bangalore Rangaswamy Nagaraj
Möbius syndrome is an extremely rare congenital disorder. We report a case of Möbius syndrome in a 2-year-old girl with bilateral convergent squint and left-sided facial weakness. The characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of Möbius syndrome, which include absent bilateral abducens nerves and absent left facial nerve, were noted. In addition, there was absence of left anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and absence of bilateral facial colliculi. Clinical features, etiology, and imaging findings are discussed...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049292/duration-control-of-protein-expression-in-vivo-by-light-mediated-reversible-activation-of-translation
#6
Shinzi Ogasawara
The photocontrol of protein expression enables the spatiotemporal induction of biological events in living cells or organisms. However, commonly used method such as photocontrollable transcription factor or caged nucleic acids is unsuitable for precise control of the duration of protein expression. Here, I report a photocontrollable cap (PC-cap) that can control the translation of mRNA in a reversible manner via its cis-trans photoisomerization through illumination with 370 and 430 nm light. 2-meta-Methyl-phenylazo cap (mMe-2PA-cap) in the trans form silences translation in zebrafish embryo, whereas treatment with the cis form provided a 7...
January 4, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034951/diagnosis-and-management-of-childhood-squints-investigation-and-examination-with-reference-to-red-flags-and-referral-letters
#7
Nicholas Sawers, Hugh Jewsbury, Nadeem Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960641/proparacaine-induced-mydriasis-during-strabismus-surgery
#8
Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Sharma, Nripen Gaur, Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Rashmi Ramachandran
AIM: To evaluate the mydriatic effect of proparacaine hydrochloride (PH) in children undergoing strabismus surgery under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: This was a pilot, prospective, non-randomized, self-controlled interventional study. Nine children with esotropia or exotropia undergoing horizontal muscle squint surgery under GA at a tertiary eye care center were included. The six Group 1 patients underwent both eye surgeries, while the three Group 2 patients underwent single eye surgery...
December 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929727/television-video-games-in-the-treatment-of-amblyopia-in-children-aged-4-7-years
#9
Subhash Dadeya, Sonal Dangda
AIM: To investigate the role of television video games in childhood amblyopia treatment. METHOD: This prospective, randomized, interventional study included 40 patients between 4-7 years of age, with unilateral amblyopia (visual acuity in amblyopic eye between 1-0.6 LogMAR equivalents) attending the squint clinic at a tertiary eye hospital. All patients were prescribed optimal spectacle correction and occlusion therapy, i.e. full time patching according to patient's age, was initiated after six weeks...
December 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826934/outcomes-of-adjustable-strabismus-surgery-in-an-irish-university-hospital
#10
Alex Ferdi, Rory Kelly, Pat Logan, Ian Dooley
PURPOSE: Strabismus surgery aims to improve binocular vision, reduce diplopia, and enhance cosmesis. Adjustable strabismus procedures have been developed as a means of tackling unpredictability in some post-operative results. The purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of adjustable and non-adjustable squint procedures in the treatment of strabismus. METHODS: We analyzed adjustable or non-adjustable squint surgery undergone in our Irish locality by retrospectively studying 27 consecutive patients at Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin...
November 8, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795862/malignant-hypertensive-retinopathy-in-an-infant-with-mid-aortic-occlusion
#11
Lawrence J Oh, Gaurav Bhardwaj, David S Winlaw, Craig E Donaldson
Purpose. Case report describing an eight-month-old infant presenting with intermittent esotropia and irritability who was found to have malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy and mid-aortic syndrome. Methods. Visual acuity was 6/140 in the right eye and not recordable in the left eye. Blood pressure was as high as 230/120 mmHg. Fundoscopy revealed bilateral optic disc swelling, macular stars, and serous retinal detachment in the left eye, findings that are consistent with malignant (grade 4) hypertensive retinopathy...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778456/parinaud-syndrome-a-25-year-1991-2016-review-of-40-consecutive-adult-cases
#12
Melissa Shields, Swati Sinkar, WengOnn Chan, John Crompton
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features, aetiology and management of ophthalmic symptoms in adult patients with Parinaud syndrome. METHODS: This is a retrospective, non-comparative observational case series. We reviewed 40 consecutive charts of adult patients with the clinical diagnosis of Parinaud syndrome at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Department of Ophthalmology in Adelaide, South Australia, between 1991 and 2016. Charts were reviewed for the following: (1) demographic information, (2) clinical presentation, (3) neuro-ophthalmology signs, (4) aetiology of Parinaud syndrome, and (5) management...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679531/common-eye-diseases-in-children-in-saudi-arabia-jazan
#13
Abdulrahman Darraj, Walid Barakat, Mona Kenani, Reem Shajry, Abdullah Khawaji, Sultan Bakri, Abdulrahman Makin, Azza Mohanna, Abu Obaida Yassin
BACKGROUND: The rise in childhood eye diseases has become a matter of concern in Saudi Arabia, and hence a study has been conducted on the residents of Jazan. The aim of the research was to find out the root cause of such issues and provide a solution to prevent such circumstances for it may affect the vision of children. In this study, therefore, we aimed to determine the types of childhood eye diseases in Jazan and to discuss the best ways to prevent them or prevent their effect on the vision of our children...
2016: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678480/seeing-without-knowing-operational-principles-along-the-early-visual-pathway
#14
Bin Zhou, Ernst Pöppel, Lingyan Wang, Taoxi Yang, Yuliya Zaytseva, Yan Bao
UNLABELLED: Single cases may lead to unexpected hypotheses in psychology. We retrospectively analyzed single case studies that suggested organizational principles along the early visual pathway, which have remained unanswered until now. FIRST CASE: In spite of the inhomogeneity of sensitivity, paradoxically the visual field on the subjective level appears to be homogeneous; constancy of brightness of supra-threshold stimuli throughout the visual field is claimed to be responsible for homogeneity; specific summation properties of retinal ganglion cells are hypothesized to guarantee this effect...
September 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671186/congenital-limb-deficiency-associated-with-intellectual-disability-unusual-presentation-in-two-subjects
#15
Muhammad Ummear Raza, Waheed Ullah, Sajid Malik
Congenital constriction ring (CCR) and symbrachydactyly are two distinct, rare, and heterogeneous limb deficiency conditions which affect the digits. Here, we report on two different individuals with an unusual presentation of limb deficiency accompanying intellectual disability (ID) and certain other malformations. In the first index female, CCR occurred with mild ID, squint eyes, obesity, and metatarsus adductus. The second index male was presented with symbrachydactyly, profound ID, and speech/hearing impairments...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627971/marked-improvement-of-meige-syndrome-in-a-japanese-male-patient-with-schizophrenia-after-switching-from-risperidone-to-paliperidone-a-case-report
#16
Reiji Yoshimura, Hikaru Hori, Asuka Katsuki, Kiyokazu Atake
Meige syndrome is a relatively rare type of oral facial dystonia. The dominant symptoms involve involuntary eye blinking and chin thrusting. Some patients may experience excessive tongue protrusion, squinting, muddled speech, or uncontrollable contraction of the platysma muscle. A 44-year-old Japanese male was suffering from schizophrenia. The initial presentation of his psychosis consisted of auditory hallucinations, delusions of persecution, psychomotor excitement, loosening association, and restlessness...
September 2016: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618039/single-side-two-location-spotlight-imaging-for-building-based-on-mimo-through-wall-radar
#17
Yong Jia, Xiaoling Zhong, Jiangang Liu, Yong Guo
Through-wall-radar imaging is of interest for mapping the wall layout of buildings and for the detection of stationary targets within buildings. In this paper, we present an easy single-side two-location spotlight imaging method for both wall layout mapping and stationary target detection by utilizing multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) through-wall-radar. Rather than imaging for building walls directly, the images of all building corners are generated to speculate wall layout indirectly by successively deploying the MIMO through-wall-radar at two appropriate locations on only one side of the building and then carrying out spotlight imaging with two different squint-views...
September 7, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604054/states-of-emergence-writing-african-female-same-sex-sexuality
#18
Brenna M Munro
Tracing a series of intertextually linked short stories from the 1990s to the present by women writers from Nigeria and its diaspora-Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Unoma Azuah, Chinelo Okparanta, and Lola Shoneyin-I suggest that although the figure of the African lesbian appears "new" in the context of heightened contemporary attention to the issue of homosexuality, this figure has a literary history. Ghanaian Ama Ata Aidoo's novel Our Sister Killjoy: Or, Reflections From A Black-Eyed Squint (1977) inaugurates this formation, in which the imagining of female same-sex desire is entangled with articulating the experience of migration under the shadow of imperial histories...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557990/the-expression-of-vill-protein-is-hypoosmotic-dependent-in-the-lamellar-gill-ionocytes-of-otocephala-teleost-fish-chanos-chanos
#19
Chao-Kai Kang, Chia-Shian Lin, Yao-Chung Hu, Shu-Chuan Tsai, Tsung-Han Lee
Milkfish, a species within the primitive teleost lineage Otocephala, can survive in water conditions ranging from hypo- to hyper-saline. This study explored the effects of environmental salinity on apical morphologies of ionocytes and the expression of villin homologs in the gills of milkfish acclimated to either seawater (SW) or fresh water (FW). Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the ionocytes in the gill filaments of SW and FW milkfish, respectively, cellular apical morphologies were hole-type and squint-type...
January 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437259/ocular-features-and-visual-outcome-in-children-with-moyamoya-disease-and-moyamoya-syndrome-a-case-series
#20
Deepa John, Karthik Muthusamy, Bhavagna Bandla, Sniya Valsa Sudhakar, Maya Thomas
Moya Moya Disease (MMD) is characterised by idiopathic vasculopathy affecting the terminal internal carotid arteries resulting in the formation of extensive collaterals at the base of the brain, leptomeninges and parenchymal regions with resultant infarcts and bleeds. Four children presented with clinico-radiological features suggestive of Moyamoya disease/syndrome. This includes global developmental delay, recurrent seizures, transient ischaemic attacks and impaired vision. The first patient had vision of 6/15 in both eyes with bilateral optic disc pallor...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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