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Ethnic surgery

Marta Crous-Bou, Laura B Harrington, Christopher Kabrhel
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors contributes to VTE risk. Within environmental risk factors, some are provoking (e.g., cancer, surgery, trauma or fracture, immobilization, pregnancy and the postpartum period, long-distance travel, hospitalization, catheterization, and acute infection) and others are nonprovoking (e.g., age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index and obesity, oral contraceptive or hormone therapy use, corticosteroid use, statin use, diet, physical activity, sedentary time, and air pollution)...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Igor Niechajev
BACKGROUND: The Middle East (ME) proper, a vast area between the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea and Afghanistan, is populated by many nations and tribes. Several nose phenotypes are prevalent throughout the region, but there is no published study encompassing and exploring nose phenotypes encountered in the various countries and subregions of the ME. METHODS: The current study was based on the analysis of compiled data from 1207 patients of ME origin (53% of my total rhinoplasty patient cohort) operated by the author during the years 1985 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jamie Y Kim, Chung H Kau, Terpsithea Christou, Maja Ovsenik, Young Guk Park
: The purpose of this study is to compare 3-dimensional facial averages of Asians (Koreans and Chinese) and Houstonian white faces using a (3-dimensional) surface imaging system. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of Korean adults (Seoul, Korea) with class I malocclusion captured using the 3dMDface. The images of 138 Koreans were processed to generate average male and female facial shells using Rapidform 2006 plus pack 2 software and then superimposed and compared with the average shells of Chinese adults (Xi' An, China) and white adults (Houston, Tex...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Carmit K McMullen, Joanna E Bulkley, Andrea Altschuler, Christopher S Wendel, Marcia Grant, Mark C Hornbrook, Virginia Sun, Robert S Krouse
BACKGROUND: Eliciting the priorities of cancer survivors is essential to address the specific needs of cancer survivor subgroups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the greatest challenges related to treatment for long-term rectal cancer survivors. DESIGN: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: The study included members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and Northwest health plans...
November 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
D Jurkovic, M Memtsa, E Sawyer, Ana Donaldson, A Jamil, K Schramm, Y Sana, M Otify, L Farahani, N Nunes, G Ambler, J A Ross
OBJECTIVE: Methotrexate is routinely used worldwide for medical treatment of clinically stable women with tubal ectopic pregnancies. This is despite the lack of robust evidence to show its superior effectiveness over expectant management. The aim of our multicentre randomised trial study was to compare the success rates of methotrexate with placebo for the conservative treatment of tubal ectopic pregnancies. METHODS: The study was multicentre; it took place in three UK early pregnancy units between January 2006 and June 2014...
October 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
J J Rongen, M M Rovers, T G van Tienen, P Buma, G Hannink
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to assess whether patients with knee osteoarthritis and whom undergo arthroscopic meniscectomy have an increased risk for future knee replacement surgery. DESIGN: Data used were obtained from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) study. SETTING: Participants were enrolled, in four clinical centers, between February 2004 and May 2006 and were followed up on an annual basis up to and including 108-months from enrollment...
October 3, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Ali Totonchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Agnes Wefer, Ulf Gunnarsson, Ulf Fränneby, Gabriel Sandblom
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess how socio-economic background influences perception of an adverse postoperative event after hernia surgery, and to see if this affects the pattern of seeking healthcare advice during the early postoperative period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients aged 15 years or older with a primary unilateral inguinal or femoral hernia repair recorded in the Swedish Hernia Register (SHR) between November 1 and December 31, 2002 were sent a questionnaire inquiring about adverse events...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Andrew Zakhari, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Walter H Gotlieb, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: The mainstay of treatment for uterine corpus cancer is surgical, and the gold standard approach has become minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the perioperative complications and demographics of patients 80 years old or more undergoing robotic and laparoscopic hysterectomy for uterine cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we retrospectively identified all women aged 80 years or older who had hysterectomies for uterine cancer by either modality...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
John T Leppert, Harsha R Mittakanti, I-Chun Thomas, Remy W Lamberts, Geoffrey A Sonn, Benjamin I Chung, Eila C Skinner, Todd H Wagner, Glenn M Chertow, James D Brooks
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether patient factors, such as age and preoperative kidney function, were associated with receipt of partial nephrectomy in a national integrated healthcare system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients treated with a radical or partial nephrectomy from 2002 to 2014 in the Veterans Health Administration. We examined associations among patient age, sex, race or ethnicity, multimorbidity, baseline kidney function, tumor characteristics, and receipt of partial nephrectomy...
September 12, 2016: Urology
Y Gao, J Niddam, W Noel, B Hersant, J P Meningaud
Objective aesthetic criteria are important for patient evaluation and analysis during aesthetic surgeries, while successful aesthetic surgeries must take into account the underlying ethnic differences. The aim of this study is to help surgeons and scientists better plan facial aesthetic surgeries and understand the aesthetic needs according to different patients by reviewing and comparing the current aesthetic principles and preferences in Caucasian and East Asian populations. PubMed and The Cochrane Library were searched using keywords regarding anthropometric measurements...
September 11, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Gita D Mishra, Hsin-Fang Chung, Nirmala Pandeya, Annette J Dobson, Lee Jones, Nancy E Avis, Sybil L Crawford, Ellen B Gold, Daniel Brown, Lynette L Sievert, Eric Brunner, Janet E Cade, Victoria J Burley, Darren C Greenwood, Graham G Giles, Fiona Bruinsma, Alissa Goodman, Kunihiko Hayashi, Jung Su Lee, Hideki Mizunuma, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Rebecca Hardy, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Kathryn A Lee, Mette Kildevæld Simonsen, Toyoko Yoshizawa, Nancy F Woods, Ellen S Mitchell, Mark Hamer, Panayotes Demakakos, Sven Sandin, Hans-Olov Adami, Elisabete Weiderpass, Debra Anderson
OBJECTIVES: The International Collaboration for a Life Course Approach to Reproductive Health and Chronic Disease Events (InterLACE) project is a global research collaboration that aims to advance understanding of women's reproductive health in relation to chronic disease risk by pooling individual participant data from several cohort and cross-sectional studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristics of contributing studies and to present the distribution of demographic and reproductive factors and chronic disease outcomes in InterLACE...
October 2016: Maturitas
George Tharakan, Rebecca Scott, Olivia Szepietowski, Alexander D Miras, Alexandra I Blakemore, Sanjay Purkayastha, Ahmed Ahmed, Harvinder Chahal, Tricia Tan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictive power of the DiaRem score following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to identify patients who would have diabetes remission at 1 year in an ethnically diverse population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 262 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who underwent RYGB at the Imperial Weight Centre, UK, from 2007 to 2014. Data was collected on the parameters required to calculate the DiaRem score as well as pre- and post-surgical weight and the ethnicity of the subjects...
September 10, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Irene L Wapnir, Allison W Kurian, Daphne Y Lichtensztajn, Christina A Clarke, Scarlett L Gomez
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of rising bilateral mastectomy rates among neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) recipients in California. BACKGROUND: NAC for operable breast cancer (BC) can downstage disease and facilitate breast conservation. We assessed trends in NAC use and surgical procedures in California from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2012 using statewide population-based cancer registry data. METHODS: A total of 236,797 females diagnosed with stage I-III BC were studied...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Yan Yan Kwok, Pak-Cheong Ho, Guy Feldman, Eugene Lo, Erik Wells, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Anatomical and functional differences between Asian and Caucasian populations have been described and are important in treatment of wrist pathology. The purpose of this study was to establish and compare normal values in an Asian and Caucasian population. We hypothesized that a normal Asian population will have greater wrist ROM and reduced grip- strength when compared to a normal Caucasian population. METHODS: One hundred and-seventy-one normal Asian and 156 normal Caucasian wrists were evaluated...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Tomi Akinyemiju, Qingrui Meng, Neomi Vin-Raviv
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine racial and socio-economic differences in the receipt of laparoscopic or open surgery among patients with colorectal cancer, and to determine if racial and socio-economic differences exist in post-surgical complications, in-hospital mortality and hospital length of stay among patients who received surgery. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of colorectal cancer between 2007 and 2011 using data from Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
2016: BMC Cancer
Cameron N D McIntosh, F Carl van Wyk, Gina Joubert, Riaz Y Seedat
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of the nose of different ethnic groups has been widely researched in order to facilitate a better understanding of the individual nose as a foundation for improving surgical outcomes. The only anatomical research of the lower lateral cartilages (LLCs) available to the surgeon working with an African patient is to extrapolate data from studies already published on African Americans. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this descriptive cadaveric study was to assess the normal anatomy of the LLCs in noses of Black South Africans and compare this to data from studies on noses from Caucasian, Asian, Korean, and African-American populations...
September 2, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Roshni Rao, Aeisha Rivers, Asal Rahimi, Rachel Wooldridge, Madhu Rao, Marilyn Leitch, David Euhus, Barbara B Haley
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) lacks estrogen, progesterone, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu receptors, and is aggressive and therapeutically challenging. Genetic ancestry testing is an emerging medical field. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is distinct from nuclear DNA, is maternally inherited and allows for origin determination. Patients with TNBC tend to be younger and are more likely to be African American, making this an ideal disease for mtDNA exploration...
September 1, 2016: Cancer
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