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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442533/racial-disparities-in-stage-specific-gastric-cancer-analysis-of-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-program-database
#1
Gang Zhang, Xing Zhao, Jie Li, Yu Yuan, Ming Wen, Xin Hao, Ping Li, Aimin Zhang
The incidence of gastric cancer is declining in western countries but continues to represent a serious health problem worldwide, especially in Asia and among Asian Americans. This study aimed to investigate ethnic disparities in stage-specific gastric cancer, including differences in incidence, treatment and survival. The cohort study was analyzed using the data set of patients with gastric cancer registered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program from 2004 to 2013. Among 54,165 patients with gastric cancer, 38,308 were whites (70...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442380/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-dry-eye-disease-in-asian-malays-from-the-singapore-malay-eye-study
#2
Ryan E K Man, Anuradha R Veerappan, Shu-Pei Tan, Eva K Fenwick, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Jacqueline Chua, Yuan-Yuh Leong, Tien Yin Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Ching-Yu Cheng, Louis Tong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic dry eye disease (SDED) and associated risk factors in a well-characterized cohort of ethnic Malays in Singapore. METHODS: We included 1682 participants (mean age [SD]: 57 [10]years; 55.4% female) without SDED from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES), a population-based longitudinal study with baseline examination (SiMES-1) conducted between 2004 and 2006, and follow-up examination (SiMES-2) conducted between 2010 and 2013...
April 22, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438494/comparative-effectiveness-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-weight-loss-and-safety-outcomes-in-older-adults
#3
Robert A Casillas, Benjamin Kim, Heidi Fischer, Jorge L Zelada Getty, Scott S Um, Karen J Coleman
BACKGROUND: Most bariatric studies in older adult patients have focused on older operations with limited follow-up and equivocal results. OBJECTIVES: To compare weight loss and safety in patients ages≥65 years undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). SETTING: Nine different bariatric surgery centers with 23 surgeons serving over 30,000 bariatric patients. METHODS: Participants were≥65 years who had a SG or LRYGB between January 1, 2010, and March 15, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434847/mri-before-radiography-for-patients-with-new-shoulder-conditions
#4
Kirstin M Small, Frank J Rybicki, Lindsay R Miller, Stephen D Daniels, Laurence D Higgins
PURPOSE: To assess the patterns of Appropriate Criteria application among orthopedic specialists and other fields of medicine for use of MRI and radiography and the subsequent necessity for surgical intervention. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was used to identify all shoulder MRI studies at a single large urban teaching hospital between January 2, 2011, and June 30, 2011. For each study, variables collected included ordering department, patient age, patient gender, patient's self-reported race/ethnicity, whether the patient obtained surgery for an issue related to the MRI diagnosis, the type of MRI ordered, the date of pain onset, the date of x-ray (if any), and the date of the MRI...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433207/correlation-of-frontal-sinus-recess-anatomy-with-ethnicity-gender-and-pathology
#5
Laura K House, Scott P Stringer, Samantha Seals
PURPOSE: Research on frontal sinus cells has been conflicting regarding relationship between frontal sinus cells and frontal sinus disease. There are no published studies regarding gender differences in frontal sinus disease. No comparisons between African Americans and Caucasians and frontal sinus disease have been published. This study attempts to define the above relationships as well as the relationship between number and types of cells and disease. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on sinus CT scans done from 2003 to 2011 at an academic medical center...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427873/risk-factors-for-hospital-admission-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Steven L Bokshan, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
PURPOSE: To determine patient and surgical risk factors for admission after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: All instances of ACLR from 2005 to 2014 from the ACS NSQIP prospective database were analyzed. Both univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were performed to determine which patient demographics and medical comorbidities were associated with admission after surgery...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423221/facial-asymmetry-in-head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-survivors
#7
Reineke A Schoot, Marinka L F Hol, Johannes H M Merks, Michael Suttie, Olga Slater, Marinde van Lennep, Saskia M J Hopman, David Dunaway, Jonathan Syme-Grant, Ludi E Smeele, Koos H Zwinderman, Huib N Caron, Peter Hammond
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy is essential for achieving and maintaining local control in head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HNRMS) patients. However, radiotherapy may cause outgrowth disturbances of facial bone and soft tissue, resulting in facial asymmetry. The aim of this study was to develop a method to visualize and measure facial asymmetry in HNRMS survivors using three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques. METHODS: Facial deformity was evaluated in a multidisciplinary clinical assessment of 75 HNRMS survivors, treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT, n = 26) or Ablative surgery, MOulage brachytherapy, and REconstruction (AMORE, n = 49)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422946/pediatric-cushing-disease-disparities-in-disease-severity-and-outcomes-in-the-hispanic-and-african-american-populations
#8
Alexandra Gkourogianni, Ninet Sinaii, Sharon H Jackson, Alexander S Karageorgiadis, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Margaret F Keil, Mihail Zilbermint, Prashant Chittiboina, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of racial and socioeconomic disparities to severity and outcomes for children with Cushing disease (CD). METHODS: 129 children with CD, 45 Hispanic/Latino or African American (HI/AA) and 84 non-Hispanic White (non-HW), are included. A 10-point index for rating severity (CD-severity) incorporated degree of hypercortisolemia, glucose tolerance, hypertension, anthropomorphic measurements, disease duration, and tumor characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422853/gastritis-in-patients-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-ethnic-distribution-and-impact-on-glycemic
#9
Lea Rath-Wolfson, Roy Varona, Golan Bubis, Alexander Tatarov, Rumelia Koren, Edward Ram
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a therapeutic option in severely obese patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) gastritis and non-Helicobacter gastritis in the gastrectomy specimens, and its association to other variables.One hundred six sleeve gastrectomy specimens were examined histopathologically for the presence of gastritis and its relation to other factors like ethnicity, glycemic control, and postoperative complications.Twelve patients had HP gastritis, 39 had non-HP gastritis, and 55 had normal mucosa...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421654/short-term-outcomes-of-small-incision-cataract-surgery-provided-by-a-regional-population-in-the-pacific
#10
Riyaz Bhikoo, Hans Vellara, Salome Lolokabaira, Neil Murray, Biu Sikivou, Charles McGhee
BACKGROUND: To describe patient demographics, visual and surgical outcomes of a cohort undergoing Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) at a Pacific regional ophthalmic training facility. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal study conducted at the Pacific Eye Institute, Fiji. PARTICIPANTS: 156 patients underwent SICS. METHODS: Preoperatively, a complete ophthalmic examination, including pachymetry and macular Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) performed by two independent investigators...
April 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414254/lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-results-of-the-usc-rlanrc-pressure-ulcer-prevention-study
#11
Mike Carlson, Cheryl Lp Vigen, Salah Rubayi, Erna Imperatore Blanche, Jeanine Blanchard, Michal Atkins, Barbara Bates-Jensen, Susan L Garber, Elizabeth A Pyatak, Jesus Diaz, Lucia I Florindez, Joel W Hay, Trudy Mallinson, Jennifer B Unger, Stanley Paul Azen, Michael Scott, Alison Cogan, Florence Clark
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Medically serious pressure injuries (MSPrIs), a common complication of spinal cord injury (SCI), have devastating consequences on health and well-being and are extremely expensive to treat. We aimed to test the efficacy of a lifestyle-based intervention designed to reduce incidence of MSPrIs in adults with SCI. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT), and a separate study wing involving a nonrandomized standard care control group. SETTING: Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a large facility serving ethnically diverse, low income residents of Los Angeles County...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410201/incidence-and-survival-differences-in-esophageal-cancer-among-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states
#12
Zheling Chen, Yinghong Ren, Xianglin L Du, Jiao Yang, Yanwei Shen, Shuting Li, Yunying Wu, Meng Lv, Danfeng Dong, Enxiao Li, Wei Li, Peijun Liu, Jin Yang, Min Yi
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the differences in incidence, clinicopathological features, and survival in esophageal cancer among ethnic groups in the United States and to determine the reasons for the differences. RESULT: A total of 49,766 patients were included. Black and Asian groups had a higher proportion of squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) (85.5% and 75.4%, respectively) and mid-esophagus tumor (43.2% and 37.7% respectively) than the non-Hispanic white and Hispanic white groups...
March 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407792/treatment-of-post-anesthesia-dementia-with-perispinal-etanercept-injection-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-a-case-report
#13
Steve Best, Dan G Pavel
BACKGROUND: We report on the first case of successful treatment for post-anesthesia dementia with perispinal etanercept injection combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 77-year-old Caucasian man of Mexican ethnicity who presented to our clinic 4.5 years after a knee replacement surgery. Immediately post-surgery, the patient began to show dramatic cognitive, physical, and emotional impairment compared with his presurgical state; these symptoms were still present when he arrived at our clinic...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399929/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-presenting-as-acute-pleuritic-chest-pain-a-case-report
#14
Justin Chow, Rameez Kabani, Kirstie Lithgow, Magdalena A Sarna
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare and serious manifestation of chronic kidney inflammation that can be life-threatening if not recognized and treated appropriately, often with antibiotics and surgery. Affected patients are most commonly females in their fifth or sixth decade of life with a background of obstructive uropathy, nephrolithiasis, or recurrent urinary tract infections who present with vague nonspecific symptoms. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman of Russian ethnicity with a history of nephrolithiasis presented to our emergency department with new left-sided pleuritic chest pain amid a 6-week history of constitutional symptoms including fevers, night sweats, and 7 kg of weight loss...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398629/treatment-experiences-of-latinas-after-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#15
Steven J Katz, Lauren P Wallner, Paul H Abrahamse, Nancy K Janz, Kathryn A Martinez, Dean A Shumway, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Kenneth A Resnicow, Sarah T Hawley
BACKGROUND: The authors examined racial/ethnic differences in patient perspectives regarding their breast cancer treatment experiences. METHODS: A weighted random sample of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer between 2013 and 2015 in Los Angeles County and Georgia were sent surveys 2 months after undergoing surgery (5080 women; 70% response rate). The analytic sample was limited to patients residing in Los Angeles County (2397 women). RESULTS: The pattern of visits with different specialists before surgery was found to be similar across racial/ethnic groups...
April 11, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393236/metabolomic-analysis-of-the-saliva-of-japanese-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Mitsuyoshi Ohshima, Keisuke Sugahara, Kiyohiro Kasahara, Akira Katakura
The aim of the present study was to characterize the metabolic systems in Japanese patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) metabolome analysis of saliva samples. A previous study showed variations among ethnicities and tumor sites in the saliva metabolome of patients with OSCC using CE-MS. In the present study, saliva was obtained from 22 Japanese patients with OSCC and from 21 healthy controls who visited the Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Dental Collage Ichikawa General Hospital, Tokyo, Japan, and all samples were subject to comprehensive quantitative metabolome analysis using CE-MS...
April 6, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392650/transoral-cross-lip-abb%C3%A3-estlander-flap-as-a-viable-and-effective-reconstructive-option-in-middle-lower-lip-defect-reconstruction
#17
Hyung Jin Hahn, Hyun Jee Kim, Jin Young Choi, Soo Young Lee, Young Bok Lee, Jin Wou Kim, Dong Soo Yu
The Abbé-Estlander flap surgery is a cross-lip procedure that is valuable in repairing a defect on the lower lip using a full-thickness flap, consisting of the skin, muscle and mucosa, from the upper lip. As usefulness and practicality of the flap in reconstruction of lower lip surgical defects in Asian ethnicity have not been documented, the authors present a case of successful lower lip reconstruction with a staged, Abbé-Estlander lip switching flap with commissuroplasty as an illustrative example. A 71-year-old male has presented with an ulcerating lip nodule in the middle one third of the lower lip, measuring about 1...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386965/perioperative-chemotherapy-versus-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-resectable-gastric-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinomas-a-survival-analysis-of-5058-patients
#18
Timothy L Fitzgerald, Jimmy T Efird, Nelly Bellamy, Suzanne M Russo, Charulata Jindal, Catalina Mosquera, Elizabeth G Holliday, Tithi Biswas
BACKGROUND: Both perioperative chemotherapy (PECT) and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (POCRT) have a significant survival advantage over surgery alone for the treatment of patients with gastric cancer. However, to the best of our knowledge, these regimens have not been compared in a randomized clinical trial. The purpose of the current observational study was to compare overall survival among patients receiving PECT versus POCRT for the treatment of gastric/gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinomas...
April 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377544/anthropometry-of-arabian-nose-using-computed-tomography-scanning
#19
Sami Alharethy, Ibrahim Al-Quniabut, Yong Ju Jang
BACKGROUND: The nose plays a critical role in determining the external appearance of an individual. We studied the craniofacial anthropometrics by CT scanning since previous studies in the field were conducted in Saudi populations using photometric analysis. OBJECTIVES: Obtain objective and quantitative data that can help surgeons plan cosmetic procedures for the nose. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to December 2015...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371729/impact-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-on-survival-of-women-with-t1n0m0-hormone-receptor-negative-breast-cancer
#20
Nanthini Thevi Bhoo-Pathy, Shinako Inaida, Shiro Tanaka, Nur Aishah Taib, Cheng-Har Yip, Marniza Saad, Koji Kawakami, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy
BACKGROUND: The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in women with T1N0M0 breast cancers is unclear. While gene expression-based prognostic assays may aid management of women with early estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors, therapeutic decision-making in women with early stage ER negative tumors remains fraught with difficulties. We investigated the association between adjuvant chemotherapy and overall survival in women with T1N0M0, hormone receptor negative breast cancers. METHOD: All newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with node-negative and hormone receptor negative tumors measuring≤2cm at the University Malaya Medical Centre (Malaysia) from 1993 to 2013 were included...
March 31, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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