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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329947/-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-and-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma
#1
REVIEW
C Schweitzer
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related systemic disease that mainly affects the anterior structures of the eye. Despite a worldwide distribution, reported incidence and prevalence of this syndrome vary widely between ethnicities and geographical areas. The exfoliative material is composed mainly of abnormal cross-linked fibrils that accumulate progressively in some organs such as the heart, blood vessels, lungs or meninges, and particularly in the anterior structures of the eye. The exact pathophysiological process still remains unclear but the association of genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in the development and progressive extracellular accumulation of exfoliative material...
January 9, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329370/defining-normal-parameters-for-the-male-nipple-areola-complex-a-prospective-observational-study-and-recommendations-for-placement-on-the-chest-wall
#2
Dominic Yue, Lilli R L Cooper, Ryan Kerstein, Susan C Charman, Norbert V Kang
Background: The nipple-areola complex (NAC) is important aesthetically and functionally for both sexes. Methods for positioning the NAC in males are less well established in the literature compared to females but are just as important. Objectives: This study aims to determine the normal parameters for the male NAC, to review literature, and to present a reliable method for preoperative placement. Methods: Normal male patients, with no prior chest wall conditions, were prospectively recruited to participate...
January 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329156/impact-of-integrated-health-care-delivery-on-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Jonathan I Chang, Brian Z Huang, Bechien U Wu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether disparities in pancreatic cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survival are reduced in an integrated health system. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study (2006-2014) among patients with pancreatic cancer from Kaiser Permanente Southern California. Racial ethnic groups included non-Hispanic whites (NHW), non-Hispanic blacks (NHB), Hispanics, and Asians. We used multivariable and Cox regression analyses to evaluate disparities in diagnosis and treatment utilization (oncology care, surgery, time to surgery, chemotherapy) and overall survival, respectively...
January 12, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324930/characteristics-socioeconomic-status-and-ethnic-variations-of-primary-idiopathic-macular-hole-repair-in-vitreoretinal-centers-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
M Vasalaki, E Papavasileiou, S Velissaris, C Garnavou-Xirou, V Zygoura, O Theodorou, R Zakir, G Duguid, T Sandinha, D Steel, T L Jackson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this multicentre retrospective study was to investigate the characteristics and role of ethnicity and socioeconomic status amongst patients with idiopathic macular holes (IMH) and the surgical outcome. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Consecutive patients undergoing primary IMH surgery at three vitreoretinal units in the UK (King's College Hospital, London, UK, Western Eye Hospital, London, UK, Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, UK) between January 2007 and May 2017 were included...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322643/disparities-in-cancer-outcomes-across-age-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#5
Ryan Nipp, Angela C Tramontano, Chung Yin Kong, Pari Pandharipande, Emily C Dowling, Deborah Schrag, Chin Hur
Age, sex, and racial/ethnic disparities exist, but are understudied in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database to determine whether survival and treatment disparities persist after adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics. Our study included PDAC patients diagnosed between 1992 and 2011. We used Cox regression to compare survival across age, sex, and race/ethnicity within early-stage and late-stage cancer subgroups, adjusting for marital status, urban location, socioeconomics, SEER region, comorbidities, stage, lymph node status, tumor location, tumor grade, diagnosis year, and treatment received...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317277/increasing-rates-of-surgery-for-patients-with-non-malignant-colorectal-polyps-in-the-united-states
#6
Anne F Peery, Katherine S Cools, Paula D Strassle, Sarah K McGill, Seth D Crockett, Aubrey Barker, Mark Koruda, Ian S Grimm
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the availability of endoscopic therapy, many patients in the United States undergo surgical resection for non-malignant colorectal polyps. We aimed to quantify and examine trends in the use of surgery for non-malignant colorectal polyps in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample for the years 2000 through 2014. We included all adult patients who underwent elective colectomy or proctectomy and had a diagnosis of either non-malignant colorectal polyp or colorectal cancer...
January 6, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315955/prevalence-of-physical-problems-detected-by-the-distress-thermometer-and-problem-list-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#7
Daniel C McFarland, Kelly M Shaffer, Amy Tiersten, Jimmie Holland
BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer have high rates of physical symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life. The relationship between women's perceptions of these physical symptoms and patient demographic and breast cancer characteristics is less well known. This study describes breast cancer patients' physical symptoms and their relationship with patient characteristics. METHODS: Patients (n=125) with breast cancer (Stage 0-IV) completed questionnaires in a dedicated academic medical center breast cancer clinic...
January 5, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315120/ethnic-variations-in-radiographic-parameters-and-srs-22-scores-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-comparison-between-north-american-and-japanese-patients-above-50-years-of-age-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#8
Naobumi Hosogane, Christopher Ames, Morio Matsumoto, Mitsuru Yagi, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Taneichi, Yu Yamato, Daisaku Takeuchi, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of North American and Japanese adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnical differences in radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 between North American and Japanese ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous comparison study between North American and Japanese ASD patients has revealed Japanese patients had marked pelvic tilt deformity and had lower Oswestry Disability Index scores corresponding to established thresholds of radiographic deformity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311019/the-ideal-ear-position-in-caucasian-females
#9
P Niclas Broer, Aung Thiha, Denis Ehrl, Sammy Sinno, Sabrina Juran, Caroline Szpalski, Reuben Ng, Milomir Ninkovic, Lukas Prantl, Paul I Heidekrueger
PURPOSE: Ear position contributes significantly to facial appearance. However, while objective measurements remain the foundation for esthetic evaluations, little is known about how an ear should ideally be positioned regarding its rotational axis. This study aimed to further evaluate whether there exists a universally applicable ideal ear axis, and how sociodemographic factors impact such preferences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interactive online survey was designed, enabling participants to change the axis of a female model's ear in terms of its forward and backward rotation...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310606/ethnic-disparities-in-breast-cancer-survival-in-new-zealand-which-factors-contribute
#10
Sandar Tin Tin, J Mark Elwood, Charis Brown, Diana Sarfati, Ian Campbell, Nina Scott, Reena Ramsaroop, Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Vernon Harvey, Ross Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has major ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival with Māori (indigenous people) and Pacific women (immigrants or descended from immigrants from Pacific Islands) faring much worse than other ethnic groups. This paper identified underlying factors and assessed their relative contribution to this risk differential. METHODS: This study involved all women who were diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer in two health regions, covering about 40% of the national population, between January 2000 and June 2014...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306788/epithelial-ovarian-cancer-mortality-among-hispanic-women-sub-ethnic-disparities-and-survival-trend-across-time-an-analysis-of-seer-1992-2013
#11
Chen Chen, Talar W Markossian, Abigail Silva, Yelena N Tarasenko
BACKGROUND: Over the past half century the proportion of Hispanics in the US population has been steadily increasing, and groups of Hispanic origin have diversified. Despite notable racial and ethnic disparities in ovarian cancer (OC) mortality, population-based studies on OC among Hispanic females are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine sub-ethnic disparities in OC mortality and survival trends using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) 18 data on Hispanic women diagnosed with epithelial OC during 1992-2013...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288658/preoperative-scale-to-determine-all-cause-readmission-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#12
Aleksander Zywot, Christine Sm Lau, Nina Glass, Stephanie Bonne, Franchesca Hwang, Koren Goodman, Anne Mosenthal, Subroto Paul
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is associated with all-cause readmission rates of approximately 15%. In attempts to reduce readmission rates, the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program expanded to include CABG surgeries in 2015. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a predictive readmission scale that would identify patients at higher risk of readmission after CABG using commonly available administrative data. METHODS: Data on 126,519 patients from California and New York (derivation cohort) and 94,318 patients from Florida and Washington (validation cohort) were abstracted from the State Inpatient Database (2006-2011)...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287731/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-burn-patients-in-pakistan-the-role-of-reconstructive-surgery-in-post-burn-psychosocial-adjustment
#13
Ahmed Waqas, Nahal Raza, Termina Zahid, Abdul Rehman, Tooba Hamid, Ayesha Hanif, Mehak Jamal, Ayesha Farrukh, Abeera Azam, Marvee Turk, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Burns are a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most prevalent psychopathologies documented among burn patients. However, little is known regarding the risk factors for post-burn PTSD outside the well-documented Western world context. The present study aims to elucidate the biopsychosocial correlates of PTSD among burn patients in Pakistan. METHODS: A total 343 burn patients were evaluated across four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan between August and December of 2016...
December 26, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284718/cohort-profile-study-of-transition-outcomes-and-gender-strong-to-assess-health-status-of-transgender-people
#14
Virginia P Quinn, Rebecca Nash, Enid Hunkeler, Richard Contreras, Lee Cromwell, Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Darios Getahun, Shawn Giammattei, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, Michael J Silverberg, Jennifer Slovis, Vin Tangpricha, Dennis Tolsma, Cadence Valentine, Kevin Ward, Savannah Winter, Michael Goodman
PURPOSE: The Study of Transition, Outcomes and Gender (STRONG) was initiated to assess the health status of transgender people in general and following gender-affirming treatments at Kaiser Permanente health plans in Georgia, Northern California and Southern California. The objectives of this communication are to describe methods of cohort ascertainment and data collection and to characterise the study population. PARTICIPANTS: A stepwise methodology involving computerised searches of electronic medical records and free-text validation of eligibility and gender identity was used to identify a cohort of 6456 members with first evidence of transgender status (index date) between 2006 and 2014...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280058/ethnicity-does-not-influence-glycemic-outcomes-or-diabetes-remission-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-or-gastric-bypass-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort
#15
Phong Ching Lee, Kwang Wei Tham, Sonali Ganguly, Hong Chang Tan, Alvin Kim Hock Eng, John B Dixon
BACKGROUND: In Asia, metabolic-bariatric surgery (MBS) rates have grown rapidly in parallel with rising prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors that influence glycemic outcomes and diabetes remission 12 months after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or gastric bypass (GB) in a multiethnic Asian cohort. SETTING: The study's setting was in a tertiary hospital in Singapore. METHODS: Data from 145 T2D patients who had SG (37%) or GB (63%) and at least 1-year follow-up were analyzed...
December 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279101/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-short-term-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-potentially-curative-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Arwa S Almasaudi, Stephen T McSorley, Christine A Edwards, Donald C McMillan
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has increased worldwide over the last few decades, and is a well-recognized risk factor for colorectal cancer. Surgical site infection is the most frequent complication following surgery for colorectal cancer, and the main cause of postoperative morbidity. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the relationship between increasing BMI and postoperative surgical site infection following surgery for colorectal cancer...
January 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278527/treatment-patterns-among-women-diagnosed-with-stage-i-iii-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#17
Helmneh M Sineshaw, Rachel A Freedman, Carol E DeSantis, Ahmedin Jemal
OBJECTIVE: To examine contemporary treatment patterns for women diagnosed with stage I-III triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in the United States. METHODS: We identified 48,961 patients diagnosed with stage I-III TNBC from 2010 to 2013 in the National Cancer Data Base and created 3 treatment subcohorts (definitive locoregional therapy [appropriate local therapy, including surgery/radiation], adjuvant chemotherapy [stage II-III disease or stage I tumors with tumor size ≥1 cm], and adjuvant chemotherapy for small tumors [stage I tumors with tumor size <1 cm and node negative])...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278458/osteologic-analysis-of-ethnic-differences-in-supernumerary-ethmoidal-foramina-implications-for-endoscopic-sinus-and-orbit-surgery
#18
Sarina K Mueller, Benjamin S Bleier
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the position of the ethmoidal arteries is critical to enable safe endoscopic sinus and orbital surgery. The presence of a third or "middle" ethmoid variant has recently become more relevant as endoscopic intraconal surgery continues to advance. The purpose of this study was to quantify the presence of supernumerary (ie, over 2) ethmoid foramina in different ethnicities and genders. METHODS: Morphometric osteologic measurements were performed in 273 orbits...
December 26, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274005/ethnic-rhinoplasty
#19
REVIEW
R Cobo
Rhinoplasty is one of the main facial plastic procedures performed worldwide. Ethnic patients today are mainly mixed-race patients. Diagnosis is based on anatomical findings and surgery should be planned based on patients' needs and what they define as beautiful. Different surgical techniques are presented where a structural approach to rhinoplasty is explained. Very little tissue is resected and support structures of the nose are strengthened with sutures and grafts. A gradual approach to the nasal tip is also presented progressing from simple predictable techniques to more complex unpredictable ones...
December 22, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273931/comparison-of-periorbital-anthropometry-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-with-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#20
Young Chul Kim, Jin Geun Kwon, Sung Chan Kim, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Tae Suk Oh, Kyung S Koh, Jong Woo Choi, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in the periorbital anthropometry between national Beauty Pageant Contestants and Ordinary Young Women with Korean ethnicity. METHODS: Forty-three Beauty Pageant Contestants who were elected for the national beauty contest and forty-eight Ordinary Young Women underwent 3D photography. The authors analyzed 3D photogrammetric measures regarding periorbital soft tissue. RESULTS: The palpebral fissure width was significantly higher in the Beauty Pageant Contestants than the Ordinary Young Women (27...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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