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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521746/survival-rates-and-predictors-of-survival-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-in-a-malaysian-tertiary-hospital
#1
Bello Arkilla Magaji, Foong Ming Moy, April Camilla Roslani, Chee Wei Law
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death globally. It is the second most common cancer among both males and females in Malaysia. The economic burden of colorectal cancer is likely to increase over time owing to its current trend and aging population. Cancer survival analysis is an essential indicator for early detection and improvement in cancer treatment. However, there was a scarcity of studies concerning survival of colorectal cancer patients as well as its predictors...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515928/single-institutional-experience-of-clinicopathological-analysis-and-treatment-for-lung-cancer-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#2
Satoshi Takahashi, Yusuke Okuma, Kageaki Watanabe, Yukio Hosomi, Akifumi Imamura, Tatsuru Okamura, Akihiko Gemma
The advent of antiretroviral therapy has changed the disease spectrum constitution among patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), while the incidence of death due to non-AIDS-defining cancers, particularly lung cancer, continues to increase in the USA and Europe. However, the availability of detailed reports of the clinical characteristics of lung cancer among Asian populations is limited. The present study retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, treatment regimens and outcomes of lung cancer patients with HIV who were treated in a single institution between 1988 and 2013...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514487/reoperation-and-medicare-expenditures-after-laparoscopic-gastric-band-surgery
#3
Andrew M Ibrahim, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Following the US Food and Drug Administration approval for laparoscopic gastric band surgery in 2001, as many as 96 000 devices have been placed annually. The reported rates of reoperation range from 4% to 60% in short-term studies; however, to our knowledge, few long-term population-level data on outcomes or expenditures are known. Objective: To describe the rate of device-related reoperations occurring after laparoscopic gastric band surgery as well as the associated payments in a longitudinal national cohort...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507886/racial-disparities-in-elderly-patients-receiving-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery
#4
Doniel Drazin, Faris Shweikeh, Carlito Lagman, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Maxwell Boakye
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate for racial disparities in elderly patients having undergone lumbar spinal stenosis surgery. METHODS: The US Medicare Provider Analysis and Review database (records from 2005 to 2011) was used to identify patients over the age of 65 years, diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis, and having undergone lumbar laminectomy or fusion surgery. Blacks were compared to Whites in both unmatched and propensity score-matched populations...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506606/metabolic-syndrome-and-in-hospital-outcomes-among-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#5
Neomi Vin Raviv, Swati Sakhuja, Megan Schlachter, Tomi Akinyemiju
AIMS: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is an important etiologic and prognostic factor for pancreatic cancer, but few studies have assessed health outcomes among hospitalized pancreatic cancer patients. We examined the associations between MetS and in-hospital outcomes, i.e. pancreatic resection, post-surgery complications, in-hospital mortality and discharge disposition among hospitalized patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) dataset from 2007 to 2011, we obtained data on 47,386 patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of pancreatic cancer...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504322/racial-differences-in-the-pain-management-of-children-recovering-from-anesthesia
#6
Olubukola O Nafiu, Wilson T Chimbira, Margaret Stewart, Kathleen Gibbons, L Kareen Porter, Paul I Reynolds
BACKGROUND: When pain management has been studied in settings such as pediatric emergency departments, racial disparities have been clearly identified. To our knowledge, this has not been studied in the pediatric perioperative setting. We sought to determine whether there are differences based on race in the administration of analgesia to children suffering from pain in the postanesthesia care unit. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, study of 771 children aged 4-17 years who underwent elective outpatient surgery...
May 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503698/breast-reconstruction-rate-and-profile-in-a-singapore-patient-population-a-national-university-hospital-experience
#7
Nadia Sim, Sharon Soh, Chuan Han Ang, Chor Hoong Hing, Han Jing Lee, Vigneswaran Nallathamby, Yan Lin Yap, Wei Chen Ong, Thiam Chye Lim, Jane Lim
INTRODUCTION: Breast reconstruction is an integral part of breast cancer management, with the aim of restoring a breast to its natural form. There is increasing awareness among women that it is a safe procedure and its benefits extend beyond aesthetics. Our aim was to establish the rate of breast reconstruction and provide an overview of the patients who underwent breast reconstruction at National University Hospital (NUH), Singapore. METHODS: We evaluated factors, such as ethnicity, age, time and type of implant, for their impact on a patient's decision to proceed with breast reconstruction...
May 15, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502763/osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws%C3%A2-a-retrospective-series-of-40-patients
#8
Charles-Victor André, Roman-Hossein Khonsari, Didier Ernenwein, Patrick Goudot, Blandine Ruhin
Introduction - The caseload of jaw osteomyelitis seem to have decreased considerably over the last fifty years thanks to the progress of oral hygiene, the appearance and the use of antibiotics, and early screening. 'Limited osteitis' remains frequent in general practice (alveolitis after dental extraction), but osteomyelitis is much rarer as evidenced by the lack of current literature and the low number of reported patients in the published series. The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively all the cases of maxillo-mandibular osteomyelitis treated in a large academic department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery over a period of 6 years and to compare the results to data from the literature...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500418/weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery-do-clinical-and-behavioral-factors-explain-racial-differences
#9
Christina C Wee, Daniel B Jones, Caroline Apovian, Donald T Hess, Sarah N Chiodi, Ashley C Bourland, Roger B Davis, Benjamin Schneider, George L Blackburn, Edward R Marcantonio, Mary Beth Hamel
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested less weight loss among African American compared to Caucasian patients; however, few studies have been able to simultaneously account for baseline differences in other demographic, clinical, or behavioral factors. METHODS: We interviewed patients at two weight loss surgery (WLS) centers and conducted chart reviews before and after WLS. We compared weight loss post-WLS by race/ethnicity and examined baseline demographic, clinical (BMI, comorbidities, quality of life), and behavioral (eating behavior, physical activity level, alcohol intake) factors that might explain observed racial differences in weight loss at 1 and 2 years after WLS...
May 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497031/the-comparative-study-of-resonance-disorders-for-vietnamese-and-korean-cleft-palate-speakers-using-nasometer
#10
Yu-Jeong Shin, Yongsoo Kim, Hyun-Gi Kim
BACKGROUND: Nasalance is used to evaluate the velopharyngeal incompetence in clinical diagnoses using a nasometer. The aim of this study is to find the nasalance differences between Vietnamese cleft palate children and Korean cleft palate children by measuring the nasalance of five oral vowels. METHODS: Ten Vietnamese cleft palate children after surgery, three Vietnamese children for the control group, and ten Korean cleft palate children after surgery with the same age participated in this experimentation...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484716/anatomic-variation-in-morphometry-of-human-coracoid-process-among-asian-population
#11
Manal Fathi, Pike-See Cheah, Umar Ahmad, M Nizlan Nasir, Aye Aye San, Ezamin Abdul Rahim, Paisal Hussin, Rozi Mahmud, Fauziah Othman
Ethnic origin plays an important role in bone morphometry. Studies examining the influence of coracoid process have focused primarily on adults and have not included people from diverse Asian ethnic backgrounds. Our goal was to explore ethnic differences in morphometry of coracoid among Asian population. We performed morphometric measurements of coracoid process on cadaveric shoulders and shoulder CT scans from 118 specimens. The cadaveric sample included Indian (46%), Chinese (27%), and Myanmarese (27%) subjects, while the CT scans sample included Chinese (67%) and Malay (33%) subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477210/population-based-assessment-of-racial-ethnic-differences-in-utilization-of-radical-cystectomy-for-patients-diagnosed-with-bladder-cancer
#12
Stephen B Williams, Jinhai Huo, Christopher D Kosarek, Karim Chamie, Selwyn O Rogers, Michele A Williams, Sharon H Giordano, Simon P Kim, Ashish M Kamat
PURPOSE: Radical cystectomy is a surgical treatment for recurrent non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive bladder cancer; however, many patients may not receive this treatment. METHODS: A total of 27,578 patients diagnosed with clinical stage I-IV bladder cancer from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2013 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry database. We used multivariable regression analyses to identify factors predicting the use of radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476481/testicular-torsion-a-retrospective-investigation-of-predictors-of-surgical-outcomes-and-of-remaining-controversies
#13
Irene Castañeda-Sánchez, Briana Tully, Mary Shipman, Alice Hoeft, Tyler Hamby, Blake W Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular torsion (TT), a common surgical emergency worldwide, is typically treated with orchiectomy or orchiopexy. It is widely accepted that the chance of salvaging the testicle declines with time and degree of torsion. The impact of ethnicity on outcome is less well understood, and the association between weather and onset of TT remains a controversy. OBJECTIVES: It is important to know the signs of TT so that appropriate treatment can be given quickly...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476166/predictors-of-failure-of-dise-directed-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#14
Noura Alsufyani, Andre Isaac, Manisha Witmans, Paul Major, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the most commonly performed procedure for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pediatrics. However, 20-40% of patients will have persistent signs and symptoms of SDB after AT. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has the potential to individualize surgical treatments and avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful surgeries. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of failure of DISE-directed adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy in otherwise healthy children with SDB...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467614/autologous-breast-reconstruction-in-the-postbariatric-patient-population
#15
Andrew R Bauder, Fares Samra, Suhail K Kanchwala, Joseph M Serletti, Stephen J Kovach, Liza C Wu
BACKGROUND: Over 175,000 Americans underwent bariatric surgery in 2013 alone, resulting in rapid growth of the massive weight loss population. As obesity is a known risk factor for breast cancer, plastic surgeons are increasingly challenged to reconstruct the breasts of massive weight loss patients after oncologic resection. The goal of this study is to assess the outcomes of autologous breast reconstruction in postbariatric surgery patients at a single institution. METHODS: Patients who underwent autologous breast reconstruction between 2008 and 2014 were identified...
May 3, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466436/three-dimensional-geometric-morphometric-analysis-reveals-ethnic-dimorphism-in-the-shape-of-the-femur
#16
Etienne Cavaignac, Ke Li, Marie Faruch, Frederic Savall, Philippe Chiron, W Huang, Norbert Telmon
BACKGROUND: Ethnic dimorphism in the distal femur has never been studied in a three-dimensional analysis focused on shape instead of size. Yet, this dimorphism has direct implications in orthopedic surgery and in anthropology. The goal of this study was to show that differences in distal femur shape related to ethnic dimorphism could be identified, visualized, and quantified using 3D geometric morphometric analysis. METHODS: CT scans of the distal femur were taken from 482 patients who were free of any bone-related pathology: 240 patients were European (E) and 242 were Asian (A)...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461014/comparison-of-corneal-biomechanical-properties-between-indian-and-chinese-adults
#17
Jacqueline Chua, Monisha E Nongpiur, Wanting Zhao, Yih Chung Tham, Preeti Gupta, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tin Aung, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
PURPOSE: To investigate the difference in corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) between Indian and Chinese populations. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred eighty-two Singaporean Indian persons and 764 Singaporean Chinese 50 years of age or older were included from the Singapore Indian Eye Study and Singapore Chinese Eye Study, respectively. METHODS: Participants underwent standardized systemic and ocular examinations and interviewer-administered questionnaires for risk factor assessment...
April 28, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457062/profile-of-patients-presenting-for-cataract-surgery-in-a-public-hospital-a-15-year-perspective
#18
Adir Sommer, Avner Belkin, Shay Ofir, Ehud Assia
BACKGROUND: In recent decades cataract surgery has shifted slowly from public hospitals to ambulatory surgery centers, demonstrating changes in the profile of patients presenting to public hospitals for cataract surgery. These changes may potentially affect the complexity of surgeries, their volume, resident training, and perhaps also visual outcomes and patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in the medical and demographic characteristics of patients undergoing cataract surgery in a public hospital over a period of 15 years...
February 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456708/who-requires-emergency-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-and-can-national-screening-programmes-reduce-this-need
#19
Alan Askari, Subramanian Nachiappan, Andrew Currie, Alex Bottle, John Abercrombie, Thanos Athanasiou, Omar Faiz
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing emergency colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery are at higher risk of poor outcome than those managed electively. The aim of this national study is to identify groups at high risk of undergoing unplanned CRC surgery and assess short and long-term outcome in this cohort subsequent morbidity and mortality as well as quantify their long-term survival. The aim of this national study is to identify groups at high risk of undergoing unplanned CRC surgery and assess short and long-term outcome, subsequent morbidity and mortality as well as quantify their long-term survival...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446998/pathology-of-esophageal-cancer-and-barrett-s-esophagus
#20
REVIEW
Shilpa Jain, Sadhna Dhingra
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy with high mortality. The two common distinctive pathologic subtypes of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. These differ with regards to etiology, ethnic distribution, pathogenesis, and location in the esophagus. The precursor lesions are also unique to each subtype. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common in East Asia, is linked to smoking and tobacco use, more commonly involves the middle esophagus, and the precursor lesion is squamous dysplasia...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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