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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154142/child-trafficking-and-the-european-migration-crisis-the-role-of-forensic-practitioners
#1
Zuzana Obertová, Cristina Cattaneo
Trafficking in children is one of the worst forms of human rights violation and is categorised as a serious crime. Children at high risk of becoming victims of trafficking are runaways, children with a history of abuse, and migrant children. Internationally, cases of child trafficking are increasing the most in Europe, which is likely the result of the current migration crisis. In crises, preventing and combating human trafficking needs to be prioritized, considering that the aims of humanitarian action include saving lives, easing suffering and preserving human dignity...
November 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046067/making-food-aid-fit-for-purpose-in-the-21st-century-a-review-of-recent-initiatives-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-foods-used-in-emergency-and-development-programming
#2
Patrick Webb, Kristine Caiafa, Shelley Walton
Important strides have been made recently in upgrading the global food aid agenda in line with evolving medical and nutrition sciences, operational experience, and innovations in food technology. A 2011 report endorsed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) recommended numerous improvements to products intended to support improved survival and nutrition in humanitarian programming, as well as greater rigor and transparency in the research agenda that supports innovations in this critical field...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036444/the-elephant-in-the-room-toward-a-more-ethical-approach-with-accountability-toward-intended-beneficiaries-in-humanitarian-aid
#3
Ramin Asgary, Ronald J Waldman
There is considerable tension between the concept of accountability to beneficiaries and its practice in humanitarian aid. The beneficiaries live in a relationship that is asymmetric; upward or horizontal accountability within the aid system alone-even with the best of intentions-might be short-sighted. Could beneficiaries be effectively involved in programing, priority setting or allocation of resources? Is there space for a rights-based approach in aid delivery and operations? The mind-set, governance and structure of operations in aid agencies may need significant institutional reform to share the process of decision-making, and to transform the current dynamic from connecting resources to brokering better governance, true collaboration and co-operation among all stakeholders...
September 28, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974536/humanitarian-aid-bridging-across-a-hostile-border
#4
Anath A Flugelman, Masad Barhoum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933343/the-european-medical-corps-first-public-health-team-mission-and-future-perspectives
#5
Joana M Haussig, Ettore Severi, Jonathan Hj Baum, Veerle Vanlerberghe, Amparo Laiseca, Laurent Defrance, Cristina Brailescu, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa
The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa challenged traditional international mechanisms for public health team mobilisation to control outbreaks. Consequently, in February 2016, the European Union (EU) launched the European Medical Corps (EMC), a mechanism developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to rapidly deploy teams and equipment in response to public health emergencies inside and outside the EU. Public Health Teams (PHTs), a component of the EMC, consist of experts in communicable disease prevention and control from participating countries and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), to support affected countries and WHO in risk assessment and outbreak response...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916577/evaluation-of-nutrition-interventions-in-children-in-conflict-zones-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Grace J Carroll, Sonam D Lama, Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Food and nutrition insecurity becomes increasingly worse in areas affected by armed conflict. Children affected by conflict, or in war-torn settings, face a disproportionate burden of malnutrition and poor health outcomes. As noted by humanitarian response reviews, there is a need for a stronger evidence-based response to humanitarian crises. To achieve this, we systematically searched and evaluated existing nutrition interventions carried out in conflict settings that assessed their impact on children's nutrition status...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910487/remote-dental-surgery-as-a-medical-civilian-assistance-program-medcap-helping-iraqi-kurdish-and-u-s-forces-win-hearts-and-minds-in-the-fight-against-daesh
#7
Bryan Ferreira
Dr Ferreira discusses the work of the Humanitarian Aid and Security Forces (HASF) in providing volunteer dental services to a local Christian militia in Mosul, Iraq.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#8
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829007/how-do-doctors-and-nurses-in-emergency-departments-in-hong-kong-view-their-disaster-preparedness-a-cross-sectional-territory-wide-online-survey
#9
Rex P K Lam, Satchit Balsari, Kevin K C Hung, Kai-Hsun Hsiao, L P Leung, Jennifer Leaning
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of all-hazards disaster preparedness and training needs of emergency department (ED) doctors and nurses in Hong Kong from their perspective, and identify factors associated with high perceived personal preparedness. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional territory-wide online survey conducted from 9 September to 26 October, 2015. Participants The participants were doctors from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine and nurses from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Nursing...
August 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810964/a-study-on-the-tactical-safety-of-endotracheal-intubation-under-darkness
#10
Sedat Bilge, Attila Aydin, Meltem Bilge, Cemile Aydin, Erdem Cevik, Mehmet Eryilmaz
OBJECTIVE: Strict blackout discipline is extremely important for all military units. To be able to effectively determine wound characteristics and perform the necessary interventions at nighttime, vision and light restrictions can be mitigated through the use of tactical night vision goggles (NVGs). The lamp of the classical laryngoscope (CL) can be seen with the naked eye; infrared light, on the other hand, cannot be perceived without the use of NVGs. The aim of the study is to evaluate the safety of endotracheal intubation (ETI) procedures in the dark under tactically safe conditions with modified laryngoscope (ML) model...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752949/haitian-people-s-expectations-regarding-post-disaster-humanitarian-aid-teams-actions
#11
Lonzozou Kpanake, Ronald Jean-Jacques, Paul Clay Sorum, Etienne Mullet
The way people at the receiving end of humanitarian assistance perceive this intervention may provide invaluable bottom-up feedback to improve the quality of the intervention. We analyzed and mapped Haitians' views regarding international humanitarian aid in cases of natural disaster. Two hundred fifty participants-137 women and 113 men aged 18-67-who had suffered from the consequences of the earthquake in 2010 were presented with a series of vignettes depicting a humanitarian team's action and were asked to what extent these actions corresponded to what ought to be expected from an international aid mission...
July 28, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747307/humanitarian-leaders-call-for-redoubling-of-aid-for-crisis-engulfing-yemen
#12
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#13
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#14
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700612/assessing-development-assistance-for-child-survival-between-2000-and-2014-a-multi-sectoral-perspective
#15
Chunling Lu, Annie Chu, Zhihui Li, Jian Shen, Subu Subramanian, Kenneth Hill
BACKGROUND: The majority of Countdown countries did not reach the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 4) on reducing child mortality, despite the fact that donor funding to the health sector has drastically increased. When tracking aid invested in child survival, previous studies have exclusively focused on aid targeting reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). We take a multi-sectoral approach and extend the estimation to the four sectors that determine child survival: health (RMNCH and non-RMNCH), education, water and sanitation, and food and humanitarian assistance (Food/HA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683834/the-refani-s-study-protocol-a-non-randomised-cluster-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-role-of-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-a-non-food-item-kit-and-free-piped-water-in-reducing-the-risk-of-acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-living-in-camps-for
#16
Mohamed Jelle, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Sarah King, Cassy L Cox, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Joanna Morrison, Timothy Colbourn, Edward Fottrell, Andrew J Seal
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of acute malnutrition is often high in emergency-affected populations and is associated with elevated mortality risk and long-term health consequences. Increasingly, cash transfer programmes (CTP) are used instead of direct food aid as a nutritional intervention, but there is sparse evidence on their nutritional impact. We aim to understand whether CTP reduces acute malnutrition and its known risk factors. METHODS/DESIGN: A non-randomised, cluster-controlled trial will assess the impact of an unconditional cash transfer of US$84 per month for 5 months, a single non-food items kit, and free piped water on the risk of acute malnutrition in children, aged 6-59 months...
July 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645279/diabetes-care-in-a-complex-humanitarian-emergency-setting-a-qualitative-evaluation
#17
Adrianna Murphy, Michel Biringanine, Bayard Roberts, Beverley Stringer, Pablo Perel, Kiran Jobanputra
BACKGROUND: Evidence is urgently needed from complex emergency settings to support efforts to respond to the increasing burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). We conducted a qualitative study of a new model of DM health care (Integrated Diabetic Clinic within an Outpatient Department [IDC-OPD]) implemented by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Mweso Hospital in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We aimed to explore patient and provider perspectives on the model in order to identify factors that may support or impede it...
June 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597709/philippine-academy-of-rehabilitation-medicine-emergency-basic-relief-and-medical-aid-mission-project-november-2013-february-2014-the-role-of-physiatrists-in-super-typhoon-haiyan
#18
Filipinas Ganchoon, Rommel Bugho, Liezel Calina, Rochelle Dy, James Gosney
BACKGROUND: Physiatrists have provided humanitarian assistance in recent large-scale global natural disasters. Super Typhoon Haiyan, the deadliest and most costly typhoon in modern Philippine history, made landfall on 8 November 2013 resulting in significant humanitarian needs. METHODS: Philippine Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine physiatrists conducted a project of 23 emergency basic relief and medical aid missions in response to Super Typhoon Haiyan from November 2013 to February 2014...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551912/-bacteria-without-borders-a-high-carriage-rate-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-among-syrian-children-hospitalized-in-galilee-medical-center
#19
Diana Faour Kassem, Naama Shahar, Smadar Ocampo, Tarif Bader, Zeev Zonis, Daniel Glikman
INTRODUCTION: As the civil war in Syria enters its fifth year, the Israeli government continues to provide humanitarian aid to Syrian civilians in Israeli hospitals. Many wounded Syrian children are treated at the Galilee Medical Center (GMC). Due to the patients' incomplete medical history and increasing infection rates in Syria, contact isolation and screening cultures for multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDR's) are conducted upon admission for all Syrian children. AIMS: To describe the rate of MDR carriage in Syrian children and compare it to hospitalized Israeli children...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542506/impact-evaluation-of-different-cash-based-intervention-modalities-on-child-and-maternal-nutritional-status-in-sindh-province-pakistan-at-6-mo-and-at-1-y-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bridget Fenn, Tim Colbourn, Carmel Dolan, Silke Pietzsch, Murtaza Sangrasi, Jeremy Shoham
BACKGROUND: Cash-based interventions (CBIs), offer an interesting opportunity to prevent increases in wasting in humanitarian aid settings. However, questions remain as to the impact of CBIs on nutritional status and, therefore, how to incorporate them into emergency programmes to maximise their success in terms of improved nutritional outcomes. This study evaluated the effects of three different CBI modalities on nutritional outcomes in children under 5 y of age at 6 mo and at 1 y. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a four-arm parallel longitudinal cluster randomised controlled trial in 114 villages in Dadu District, Pakistan...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
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