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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#1
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806728/costing-evidence-for-health-care-decision-making-in-austria-a-systematic-review
#2
Susanne Mayer, Noemi Kiss, Agata Łaszewska, Judit Simon
BACKGROUND: With rising healthcare costs comes an increasing demand for evidence-informed resource allocation using economic evaluations worldwide. Furthermore, standardization of costing and reporting methods both at international and national levels are imperative to make economic evaluations a valid tool for decision-making. The aim of this review is to assess the availability and consistency of costing evidence that could be used for decision-making in Austria. It describes systematically the current economic evaluation and costing studies landscape focusing on the applied costing methods and their reporting standards...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806724/one-star-rating-for-a-five-star-program-evaluating-hospital-compare
#3
J M Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: For healthcare systems of any size, it is important to minimize costs while maximizing outcomes. One idea of how to achieve these goals has been the reduction in hospital-related complications, including infection and surgical complications, among others. In the United States, policy makers recently adopted the 'Hospital Compare' program as a way to encourage consumers and improve hospitals. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this policy. STUDY DESIGN: This article uses an observed cohort study of most US hospitals across four different indices...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806723/prevalence-and-location-of-tobacco-smoke-exposure-outside-the-home-in-adults-and-children-in-the-united-states
#4
M R Torok, J P Winickoff, R C McMillen, J D Klein, K M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is associated with many adverse health outcomes. The goal of this study was to provide insight into the prevalence and location of self-reported TSE outside the home for US adults and children. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of US adults from 2014 were included. Participants who responded that they smelled smoke during the past seven days in various settings were considered to have been exposed to TSE...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806611/automobile-dependency-as-a-barrier-to-vision-zero-evidence-from-the-states-in-the-usa
#5
Hamed Ahangari, Carol Atkinson-Palombo, Norman W Garrick
With a traffic fatality rate of 10.6 per 100,000 as of 2013-more than triple that in the UK, the Netherlands, and Sweden-the United States has the worst traffic safety performance of all developed countries. Statewide variations are even more pronounced. North Dakota registers more than twice the national average and five times the rate of Massachusetts. We used panel models and annual data from 1997 to 2013 to capture the effect of seven separate sets of factors that influence traffic safety: exposure, travel behavior, socioeconomics, macroeconomics, safety policies, and mitigating factors such as health care...
August 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806371/transgender-veterans-satisfaction-with-care-and-unmet-health-needs
#6
Keren Lehavot, Jodie G Katon, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd
BACKGROUND: Transgender individuals are overrepresented among Veterans. However, little is known regarding their satisfaction with Veterans Administration (VA) care and unmet health needs. OBJECTIVES: This study examined transgender Veterans' satisfaction with VA medical and mental health care, prevalence of delaying care, and correlates of these outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used data from transgender Veterans collected in 2014 through an online, national survey...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805734/grain-foods-are-contributors-of-nutrient-density-for-american-adults-and-help-close-nutrient-recommendation-gaps-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#7
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) maintains recommendations for increased consumption of whole grains while limiting intake of enriched/refined grains. A variety of enriched grains are sources of several shortfall nutrients identified by 2015-2020 DGA, including dietary fiber, folate, iron, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to determine food sources of energy and nutrients for free-living U.S. adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805464/advancing-preparedness-for-highly-hazardous-contagious-diseases-admitting-10-simulated-patients-with-mers-cov
#8
Angela Vasa, Philip W Smith, Michelle Schwedhelm, Theodore J Cieslak, John Lowe, Christopher J Kratochvil, Elizabeth L Beam, Kate Boulter, Angela Hewlett
The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2016 highlighted the need for the development of a more robust healthcare infrastructure in the United States to provide isolation care for patients infected with a highly hazardous contagious disease. Routine exercises and skills practice are required to effectively and safely prepare care teams to confidently treat this special population of patients. The Nebraska Biocontainment Unit (NBU) at Nebraska Medicine in Omaha has been conducting exercises since 2005 when the unit was opened...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805172/the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-and-sustainable-development-goals-mapping-the-way-forward
#9
N Kajee, E Sobngwi, A Macnab, A S Daar
In this paper, meant to stimulate debate, we argue that there is considerable benefit in approaching together the implementation of two seemingly separate recent developments. First, on the global development agenda, we have the United Nations General Assembly's 2015 finalized list of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Several of the SDGs are related to health. Second, the field of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) has garnered enough compelling evidence demonstrating that early exposures in life affect not only future health, but that the effects of that exposure can be transmitted across generations - necessitating that we begin to focus on prevention...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805090/examining-young-children-s-social-competence-using-functional-ability-profiles
#10
Tara W McLaughlin, Patricia A Snyder, James Algina
PURPOSE: To explore the use of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) based profiles of children's functional abilities in relation to their social competence. Subgroups based on shared profiles of functional ability were investigated as an alternative or complement to subgroups defined by disability categories. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set of young children identified for special education services in the United States was used for the present study...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803884/challenging-the-colonisation-of-birth-koori-women-s-birthing-knowledge-and-practice
#11
Karen Adams, Shannon Faulkhead, Rachel Stanfield, Petah Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states that Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination for social and cultural development. This fundamental right has been impeded worldwide through colonisation where many Indigenous peoples have had to adapt to ensure continuation of cultural knowledge and practice. In South East Australia colonisation was particularly brutal interrupting a 65,000 year-old oral culture and archives have increasing importance for cultural revival...
August 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803784/race-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-among-stroke-survivors-with-undiagnosed-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-the-united-states
#12
Okkyung Kim, Bruce Ovbiagele, Natalie Valle, Daniela Markovic, Amytis Towfighi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Up to 25% of the U.S. population has undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes and stroke both disproportionately afflict race/ethnic minorities. We assessed race/ethnic differences in the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and cardiometabolic risk profiles among stroke survivors in the United States. METHODS: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among adults (≥20 years) with a self-reported history of stroke was assessed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 1999 to 2010...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803271/brain-biopsies-requiring-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-precautions-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2005-2016
#13
F M Brett, S Looby, A Chalissery, D Chen, C Heaney, J Heffernan, F Cunningham, R Howley, T Loftus, H Kearney, M A Farrell
AIMS: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) risk precautions are required when performing brain biopsies on patients with a dementing illness and in 'risk' groups. The impact on a diagnostic neuropathology service is considerable. We sought to determine if better case selection might reduce the necessity for application of CJD risk precautions. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical information, contributory investigations and final neuropathologic diagnosis in a cohort of patients (n = 21), referred to the National CJD Surveillance Centre between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2016...
August 12, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803074/hospice-palliative-care-development-in-hungary
#14
Agnes Csikos, Csilla Busa, Katalin Muszbek
During the past 25 years many developmental steps have occurred in Hungary in palliative care. Further education and service development is needed to provide a quality palliative care for all the Hungarian people. Hungary has a universal health care system with a developed infrastructure. The first Hungarian hospice team started in 1991. At that time the concept of hospice care was unknown. Symptom control and psychosocial support for the dying patient was inadequate. The regulatory framework was based on the 1997 Health Care Act which was followed by significant palliative care legislation including documents on the legal requirements for palliative care (2004)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802410/evaluation-of-24-locus-miru-vntr-genotyping-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-cluster-investigations-in-four-jurisdictions-in-the-united-states-2006-2010
#15
Larry D Teeter, J Steven Kammerer, Smita Ghosh, Duc T M Nguyen, Padmaja Vempaty, Jane Tapia, Roque Miramontes, Wendy A Cronin, Edward A Graviss
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses a combination of spacer oligonucleotide typing (spoligotyping) and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number of tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR) analyses as part of the National TB Genotyping Service (NTGS). The NTGS expansion from 12-locus MIRU-VNTR (MIRU12) to 24-locus MIRU-VNTR (MIRU24) in 2009 enhanced the ability to discriminate Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. In the current study, we investigated the MIRU24 concordance among epidemiologic-linked tuberculosis (TB) patients in four U...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802336/the-hard-work-of-improving-outcomes-for-mothers-and-babies-obstetric-and-perinatal-quality-improvement-initiatives-make-a-difference-at-the-hospital-state-and-national-levels
#16
REVIEW
Patrick D Schneider, Bethany A Sabol, Patricia Ann Lee King, Aaron B Caughey, Ann E B Borders
Quality improvement efforts are an increasingly expanding focus for perinatal care providers across the United States. From successful hospital-level initiatives, there has been a growing effort to use and implement quality improvement work in substantive and meaningful ways. This article summarizes the foundations of maternal-focused, birth-focused, and neonatal-focused quality improvement initiatives to highlight the underpinnings and potential future directions of current state-level perinatal quality care collaboratives...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#17
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801464/partisan-responses-to-public-health-messages-motivated-reasoning-and-sugary-drink-taxes
#18
Sarah E Gollust, Colleen L Barry, Jeff Niederdeppe
This study examines the public's motivated reasoning of competitive messages about sugary drink taxes, a public health policy approach attempted with some recent success in the United States. In an experiment embedded in a nationally representative survey fielded in the fall of 2012, we randomized participants (N = 5,147) to receive one of four messages: control, a strong protax message, a two-sided message, or a message refuting arguments made in soda company antitax messages. The protax message showed no effects on tax support, while the two-sided message depressed Republicans' support...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801397/getting-the-right-balance-a-mixed-logit-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-uk-training-doctors-characteristics-and-their-specialties-using-the-2013-national-training-survey
#19
Idaira Rodriguez Santana, Martin Chalkley
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how training doctors' demographic and socioeconomic characteristics vary according to the specialty that they are training for. DESIGN: Descriptive statistics and mixed logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data to quantify evidence of systematic relationships between doctors' characteristics and their specialty. SETTING: Doctors in training in the United Kingdom in 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 27 530 doctors in training but not in their foundation year who responded to the National Training Survey 2013...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801303/health-care-providers-knowledge-of-hpv-vaccination-barriers-and-strategies-in-a-state-with-low-hpv-vaccine-receipt-mixed-methods-study
#20
Echo L Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa Pappas, Julia Bodson, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Anne C Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is below national goals in the United States. Health care providers are at the forefront of improving vaccination in the United States, given their close interactions with patients and parents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the associations between demographic and practice characteristics of the health care providers with the knowledge of HPV vaccination and HPV vaccine guidelines. Furthermore, our aim was to contextualize the providers' perceptions of barriers to HPV vaccination and strategies for improving vaccination in a state with low HPV vaccine receipt...
August 11, 2017: JMIR Cancer
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