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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793188/prioritization-of-reproductive-toxicants-in-unconventional-oil-and-gas-operations-using-a-multi-country-regulatory-data-driven-hazard-assessment
#1
Salmaan H Inayat-Hussain, Masao Fukumura, A Muiz Aziz, Chai Meng Jin, Low Wei Jin, Rolando Garcia-Milian, Vasilis Vasiliou, Nicole C Deziel
BACKGROUND: Recent trends have witnessed the global growth of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) production. Epidemiologic studies have suggested associations between proximity to UOG operations with increased adverse birth outcomes and cancer, though specific potential etiologic agents have not yet been identified. To perform effective risk assessment of chemicals used in UOG production, the first step of hazard identification followed by prioritization specifically for reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity and mutagenicity is crucial in an evidence-based risk assessment approach...
May 21, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793061/microstructural-imaging-of-the-human-brain-with-a-super-scanner-10-key-advantages-of-ultra-strong-gradients-for-diffusion-mri
#2
D K Jones, D C Alexander, R Bowtell, M Cercignani, F Dell'Acqua, D J McHugh, K L Miller, M Palombo, G J M Parker, U S Rudrapatna, C M W Tax
The key component of a microstructural diffusion MRI 'super-scanner' is a dedicated high-strength gradient system that enables stronger diffusion weightings per unit time compared to conventional gradient designs. This can, in turn, drastically shorten the time needed for diffusion encoding, increase the signal-to-noise ratio, and facilitate measurements at shorter diffusion times. This review, written from the perspective of the National Facility for In Vivo MR Imaging of Human Tissue Microstructure, an initiative to establish a shared 300 mT/m-gradient facility amongst the microstructural imaging community, describes ten advantages of ultra-strong gradients for microstructural imaging...
May 21, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792478/acculturation-in-the-discourse-of-immigrants-and-receiving-community-members-results-from-a-cross-national-qualitative-study
#3
Angela Fedi, Terri Mannarini, Anne Brodsky, Alessia Rochira, Sara Buckingham, Lindsay Emery, Surbhi Godsay, Jill Scheibler, Anna Miglietta, Silvia Gattino
This study explores the bidirectional and interactional process of acculturation from the perspectives of immigrants and receiving community members (RCMs). Our aim was to understand the experiences and interactions of different ethno-cultural groups and their impact on the functioning and dynamics of multicultural communities. We conducted a cross-national, cross-cultural study of acculturation processes, using interviews collected across two countries (Italy: urban regions of Torino and Lecce; U.S.: Baltimore/Washington corridor) and three distinct groups of immigrants-Moroccans and Albanians in Italy and Latin Americans in the United States-and RCMs in Italy and the United States...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792336/evaluation-of-a-national-neurosurgical-formative-examination-the-uk-experience
#4
Ian Anderson, Robert Corns, Simon Thomson
INTRODUCTION: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. In this paper, we seek to discuss how well NAiTE relates to established educational practice and principles and its fitness for purpose by discussing its rationale, structure and utility...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792300/what-is-the-effect-of-secondary-high-schooling-on-subsequent-medical-school-performance-a-national-uk-based-cohort-study
#5
Lazaro M Mwandigha, Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Adetayo S Kasim, Jan R Böhnke
OBJECTIVES: University academic achievement may be inversely related to the performance of the secondary (high) school an entrant attended. Indeed, some medical schools already offer 'grade discounts' to applicants from less well-performing schools. However, evidence to guide such policies is lacking. In this study, we analyse a national dataset in order to understand the relationship between the two main predictors of medical school admission in the UK (prior educational attainment (PEA) and performance on the United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT)) and subsequent undergraduate knowledge and skills-related outcomes analysed separately...
May 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#6
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791813/higher-lung-cancer-incidence-in-young-women-than-young-men-in-the-united-states
#7
Ahmedin Jemal, Kimberly D Miller, Jiemin Ma, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Farhad Islami, Susan S Devesa, Michael J Thun
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed a higher incidence of lung cancer among young women than among young men in the United States. Whether this pattern has continued in contemporary birth cohorts and, if so, whether it can be fully explained by sex differences in smoking behaviors are unknown. METHODS: We examined the nationwide population-based incidence of lung cancer according to sex, race or ethnic group, age group (30 to 34, 35 to 39, 40 to 44, 45 to 49, and 50 to 54 years), year of birth (1945 to 1980), and calendar period of diagnosis (1995-1999, 2000-2004, 2005-2009, and 2010-2014), and we calculated female-to-male incidence rate ratios...
May 24, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791753/double-jeopardy-missed-care-for-the-vulnerable-in-community-settings
#8
EDITORIAL
Annamaria Bagnasco, Fiona Timmins, Giuseppe Aleo, Loredana Sasso
Inequitable access of the world's population to quality health services is still a problem, despite the fact that good health and wellbeing are recognised as a fundamental human rights (United Nations, 2016). Reducing inequities in health is a major focus of international policy (World Health Organisation, 2015) and in the context of an ever-aging population, world recession, limited resources, and to promote independence in health, community care schemes are gaining increasing popularity (Phelan et al 2017)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791449/impact-of-involvement-of-non-formal-health-providers-on-tb-case-notification-among-migrant-slum-dwelling-populations-in-odisha-india
#9
Ambarish Dutta, Sarthak Pattanaik, Rajendra Choudhury, Pritish Nanda, Suvanand Sahu, Rajendra Panigrahi, Bijaya K Padhi, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, P R Mishra, Pinaki Panigrahi, Daisy Lekharu, Robert H Stevens
BACKGROUND: Migrant labourers living in the slums of urban and industrial patches across India make up a key sub-population so far controlling Tuberculosis (TB) in the country is concerned. This is because many TB patients from these communities- remain under reached by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) of India. This marginalized community usually seeks early-stage healthcare from "friendly neighbourhood" non-formal health providers (NFHPs). Because, RNTCP has limited capacity to involve the NFHPs, an implementation research project was conceived, whereby an external partner would engage with the NFHPs to enable them to identify early TB symptomatics from this key sub-population who would be then tested using Xpert MTB/RIF technology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791315/incidence-of-early-onset-sepsis-in-infants-born-to-women-with-clinical-chorioamnionitis
#10
Tara M Randis, Madeline Murguia Rice, Leslie Myatt, Alan T N Tita, Kenneth J Leveno, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Brian M Mercer, Mara J Dinsmoor, Susan M Ramin, Marshall W Carpenter, Philip Samuels, Anthony Sciscione, Jorge E Tolosa, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of sepsis and other adverse neonatal outcomes in women with a clinical diagnosis of chorioamnionitis. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of a multi-center placebo-controlled trial of vitamins C/E to prevent preeclampsia in low risk nulliparous women. Clinical chorioamnionitis was defined as either the "clinical diagnosis" of chorioamnionitis or antibiotic administration during labor because of an elevated temperature or uterine tenderness in the absence of another cause...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791303/the-timing-of-suicide-in-18-united-state-states-from-2003-2014
#11
Niu Tian, Matthew Zack, Katherine A Fowler, Dale C Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVES: We investigated suicide timing over different time periods by age, sex and race/ethnicity. METHODS: 122,107 suicide deaths were identified from the population-based U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System in 18 U.S. States from 2003 through 2014. RESULTS: Suicides significantly increased (p < 0.05) from March to peak in September before falling, the first week of the month, and early in the week. Suicides also significantly increased (p < 0...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791273/survivorship-care-needs-among-lgbt-cancer-survivors
#12
Julia Seay, Darryl Mitteldorf, Alena Yankie, William F Pirl, Erin Kobetz, Matthew Schlumbrecht
OBJECTIVE: To better understand survivorship care needs among LGBT cancer survivors. DESIGN: We administered an anonymous online survey. SAMPLE: LGBT cancer survivors living in the United States. METHODS: Participants were recruited via the National LGBT Cancer Project. The survey measured sociodemographic characteristics, social support, posttraumatic stress, and survivorship care needs. RESULTS: Approximately 72% of our 114 participants were cisgender male and 87% were white...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791195/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-32
#13
Cassandra Bailey, Anna Abate, Carla Sharp, Amanda Venta
The Inventory of Interpersonal Problems 32 (IIP-32; Horowitz, Aiden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 2000) is a brief, 32-item, self-report questionnaire used to screen for interpersonal problems. While studies of the IIP-32's psychometric properties have been conducted in other nations, and studies have examined the psychometric properties of the IIP-32's circumplex structure, no studies have examined the factor-analytic structure in the United States since the original standardization sample. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the IIP-32 in American college women for the first time and explore its structural validity as a circumplex measure and its concurrent validity with measures of attachment...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791069/rethinking-performance-benchmarks-in-kidney-transplantation
#14
EDITORIAL
Kyle H Sheetz, Michael J Englesbe
Transplantation is a highly regulated field. Transplant centers answer to local, regional, and national authorities responsible for ensuring that patients have access to providers who give them the best chance at a good outcome. It is plausible that these efforts have contributed to improvements in kidney transplant outcomes over time. One-year patient and graft survival in the United States (U.S.) both now exceed 93%. Perhaps just as important, outcomes are more consistent. In one recent study, short-term survival rates following deceased donor kidney transplant only differed by 3% between low- and high-performing centers (1)...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790729/prenatal-phthalates-maternal-thyroid-function-and-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort
#15
Stephanie M Engel, Gro D Villanger, Rachel C Nethery, Cathrine Thomsen, Amrit K Sakhi, Samantha S M Drover, Jane A Hoppin, Pal Zeiner, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Amy H Herring, Heidi Aase
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern that phthalate exposures may have an impact on child neurodevelopment. Prenatal exposure to phthalates has been linked with externalizing behaviors and executive functioning defects suggestive of an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) phenotype. OBJECTIVES: We undertook an investigation into whether prenatal exposure to phthalates was associated with clinically confirmed ADHD in a population-based nested case-control study of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort (MoBa) between the years 2003 and 2008...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790590/evaluation-of-biofilm-removal-and-adverse-effects-on-acrylic-resin-by-diluted-concentrations-of-sodium-hypochlorite-and-ricinus-communis-solutions
#16
Carolina N F Arruda, Marcela M Salles, Maurício M Badaró, Danilo B Sorgini, Viviane C Oliveira, Ana P Macedo, Cláudia H Silva-Lovato, Helena F O Paranhos
PURPOSE: To verify whether 0.1% and 0.2% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 8% Ricinus communis (RC) were able to remove denture biofilm without causing deleterious effects to acrylic resin. BACKGROUND: Previous data show that denture cleansers are effective in reducing biofilm; however, they can change acrylic resin properties. METHODS: In a crossover trial, 47 denture wearers brushed and soaked their dentures (20 min/14 d): control, 0.85% saline; SH1, 0...
May 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790134/-hiv-stigma-and-spiritual-care-in-people-living-with-hiv
#17
Chia-Hui Yu, Yi-Chi Chiu, Su-Fen Cheng, Nai-Ying Ko
HIV infection has been a manageable and chronic illness in Taiwan since the highly active antiretroviral therapy was introduced in 1997. HIV infection is a stigmatized disease due to its perceived association with risky behaviors. HIV often carries a negative image, and people living with HIV(PLWH) face discrimination on multiple fronts. Internalized HIV stigma impacts the spiritual health of people living with HIV in terms of increased levels of shame, self-blame, fear of disclosing HIV status, and isolation and decreased value and connections with God, others, the environment, and the self...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789430/dialysis-versus-medical-management-at-different-ages-and-levels-of-kidney-function-in-veterans-with-advanced-ckd
#18
Manjula Kurella Tamura, Manisha Desai, Kristopher I Kapphahn, I-Chun Thomas, Steven M Asch, Glenn M Chertow
Background Appropriate patient selection and optimal timing of dialysis initiation among older adults with advanced CKD are uncertain. We determined the association between dialysis versus medical management and survival at different ages and levels of kidney function. Methods We assembled a nationally representative 20% sample of United States veterans with eGFR<30 ml/min per 1.73 m2 between 2005 and 2010 ( n =73,349), with follow-up through 2012. We used an extended Cox model to determine associations among the time-varying exposures, age (<65, 65-74, 75-84, and ≥85 years), eGFR (<6, 6-<9, 9-<12, 12-<15, and 15-<29 ml/min per 1...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789279/opportunities-for-enhanced-strategic-use-of-surveys-medical-records-and-program-data-for-hiv-surveillance-of-key-populations-scoping-review
#19
Sharon Stucker Weir, Stefan D Baral, Jessie K Edwards, Sabrina Zadrozny, James Hargreaves, Jinkou Zhao, Keith Sabin
BACKGROUND: Normative guidelines from the World Health Organization recommend tracking strategic information indicators among key populations. Monitoring progress in the global response to the HIV epidemic uses indicators put forward by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. These include the 90-90-90 targets that require a realignment of surveillance data, routinely collected program data, and medical record data, which historically have developed separately. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe current challenges for monitoring HIV-related strategic information indicators among key populations ((men who have sex with men [MSM], people in prisons and other closed settings, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender people) and identify future opportunities to enhance the use of surveillance data, programmatic data, and medical record data to describe the HIV epidemic among key populations and measure the coverage of HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789227/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy-with-low-glucose-suspend-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-high-risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-spain
#20
Ignacio Conget, Pilar Martín-Vaquero, Stéphane Roze, Isabel Elías, Cristina Pineda, María Álvarez, Alexis Delbaere, Francisco Javier Ampudia-Blasco
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) [continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) plus real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM)] with low glucose suspend (MiniMed™ Veo™) and CSII alone in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at high risk of hypoglycemia in Spain. METHODS: The IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model was used to estimate healthcare outcomes as life-years gained (LYGs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and to project lifetime costs...
May 19, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
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