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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108974/design-and-evaluation-of-topical-diclofenac-sodium-gel-using-hot-melt-extrusion-technology-as-a-continuous-manufacturing-process-with-kolliphor%C3%A2-p407
#1
Jaywant Pawar, Rajkiran Narkhede, Purnima Amin, Vaishali Tawde
The aim of the present context was to develop and evaluate a Kolliphor® P407-based transdermal gel formulation of diclofenac sodium by hot melt extrusion (HME) technology; central composite design was used to optimize the formulation process. In this study, we have explored first time ever HME as an industrially feasible and continuous manufacturing technology for the manufacturing of gel formulation using Kolliphor® P407 and Kollisolv® PEG400 as a gel base. Diclofenac sodium was used as a model drug. The HME parameters such as feeding rate, screw speed, and barrel temperature were crucial for the semisolid product development, and were optimized after preliminary trials...
January 20, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108973/development-and-evaluation-of-buccal-films-based-on-chitosan-for-the-potential-treatment-of-oral-candidiasis
#2
G Tejada, M G Barrera, G N Piccirilli, M Sortino, A Frattini, C J Salomón, María C Lamas, Darío Leonardi
In this work, chitosan films were prepared by a casting/solvent evaporation methodology using pectin or hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose to form polymeric matrices. Miconazole nitrate, as a model drug, was loaded into such formulations. These polymeric films were characterized in terms of mechanical properties, adhesiveness, and swelling as well as drug release. Besides, the morphology of raw materials and films was investigated by scanning electron microscopy; interactions between polymers were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy and drug crystallinity studied by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction...
January 20, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108957/effect-of-temperature-on-surface-characteristics-of-nitrogen-ion-implanted-biocompatible-titanium
#3
Hossein Aghajani, Mohsen Sadeghpour Motlagh
It has been established that nitrogen implantation can modify metals surface properties such as corrosion, wear, friction, etc. Recent studies have shown that nitrogen implantation into titanium and its alloys leads to the formation of titanium nitride, which has interesting biological, chemical, and mechanical properties. In the present investigation, commercially pure biocompatible titanium implanted by nitrogen. Implantation of ions performed at 80 keV and a dose of 2.1 × 10(18) ions/cm(2) at four different temperatures of 300, 473, 673 and 873 k...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108409/sol-gel-synthesis-and-characterizations-of-hybrid-chitosan-peg-calcium-silicate-nanocomposite-modified-with-zno-nps-and-e102-for-optical-and-antibacterial-applications
#4
Ahmed M Youssef, Amany M El-Nahrawy, Ali B Abou Hammad
Hybrid Chitosan/Poly ethylene glycol/calcium silicate (CS/PEG/calcium silicate) nanocomposite modified with different two types, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) and tartrazine dye (E102) were prepared by sol gel method and the characterization of their structure and biological properties were carried out in order to evaluate the possible use in optical and biomedical fields. The hybrid CS/PEG/calcium silicate complex formations have been established by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108408/effect-of-drying-conditions-on-crystallinity-of-amylose-nanoparticles-prepared-by-nanoprecipitation
#5
Xiaoxia Yan, Yanjiao Chang, Qian Wang, Youjia Fu, Jiang Zhou
In this study, amylose nanoparticles prepared by nanoprecipitation were dried at different conditions. The crystalline structure, crystallinity, re-dispersibility and morphological characteristic of the amylose nanoparticles after drying were investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the V-type crystalline structure of the amylose nanoparticles formed in the drying process instead of the precipitation process, and drying condition significantly affects the crystallinity. The temperature cycles drying at 4°C and 40°C considerably increased crystallinity of the amylose nanoparticles, 24h (4/40°C, 12h/12h) drying under 11% relative humidity could give rise to a crystallinity up to 50...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107971/screening-of-enzyme-inhibitors-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-by-magnetic-immobilized-%C3%AE-glucosidase-coupled-with-capillary-electrophoresis
#6
Dong-Mei Liu, Juan Chen, Yan-Ping Shi
As the close correlation between α-glucosidase inhibitors and the treatment of diabetes, in combination with capillary electrophoresis (CE), a method was developed to screen α-glucosidase inhibitors from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) by immobilizing α-glucosidase on magnetic nanoparticles. Such a magnetic immobilization would be beneficial for enzyme reusability, stability and separation. In this work, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by solvothermal method. And the prepared nanoparticles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), size and zeta potential analysis...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107958/one-step-synthesis-of-graphitic-carbon-nitride-nanosheets-with-the-help-of-melamine-and-its-application-for-fluorescence-detection-of-mercuric-ions
#7
Qianfen Zhuang, Liming Sun, Yongnian Ni
A facile, simple, and relatively environment-friendly hydrothermal approach was developed for one-step synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (GCNNs) using melamine and sodium citrate as the precursors. The prepared GCNNs emit strong fluorescence with a high quantum yield of 48.3%. The GCNNs were then characterized by various techniques including transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107936/a-simple-and-sensitive-method-for-determination-of-taxifolin-on-palladium-nanoparticles-supported-poly-diallyldimethylammonium-chloride-functionalized-graphene-modified-electrode
#8
Qinqin Wang, Lu Wang, Gaiping Li, Baoxian Ye
Palladium nanoparticles with diameter of around 5-10nm supported on poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)-functionalized graphene composites were prepared by a simple chemical method. As-prepared nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) and electrochemical techniques, which were clearly demonstrated that palladium nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on the graphene sheets. Based on the PDDA-Gr-Pd nanocomposites, a new voltammetric sensor was established and exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity and fast electron transfer rate toward taxifolin...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107932/mesoporous-nico2o4-decorated-reduced-graphene-oxide-as-a-novel-platform-for-electrochemical-determination-of-rutin
#9
Shiqiang Cui, Li Li, Yaping Ding, Jiangjiang Zhang, Hua Yang, Yingzi Wang
The glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with mesoporous NiCo2O4-decorated reduced graphene oxide (NiCo2O4/rGO) was first applied for the electrochemical determination of rutin. The synthesized NiCo2O4 and NiCo2O4/rGO were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The sensor not only showed a satisfactory linear range (0.1-150μM) and detection limit (0...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107931/powder-x-ray-diffraction-detection-on-a-paper-based-platform
#10
Liangfei Ouyang, Qian Liu, Chaoping Xu, Changgui Liu, Heng Liang
We developed paper-based powder X-ray diffraction (PP-XRD) to implement phase identification and/or crystal structure determination on paper-based platforms. These aims are not possible with other paper-based detectors, such as Raman spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. PP-XRD overcomes these limitations. Here we reported the simple and low-cost in situ PP-XRD protocol for phase identifications of inorganic and organic materials. We demonstrated that sample amounts of lead nitrate on paper substrate can be reduced into 1/30 of conventional ones by using the standard glass substrate at the same signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106988/factors-governing-the-performance-of-bauxite-for-fluoride-remediation-of-groundwater
#11
Aruna Kirani Katyayani Cherukumilli, Caroline Delaire, Susan E Amrose, Ashok J Gadgil
Globally, 200 million people drink groundwater contaminated with fluoride concentrations exceeding the World Health Organization's recommended level (WHO-MCL =1.5 mg F-/L). This study investigates the use of minimally-processed (dried/milled) bauxite ore as an inexpensive adsorbent for remediating fluoride-contaminated groundwater in resource-constrained areas. Adsorption experiments in synthetic groundwater using bauxites from Guinea, Ghana, USA, and India as single-use batch dispersive media demonstrated that doses of ~10-23 g/L could effectively remediate 10 mg F-/L...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106856/green-synthesis-and-characterization-of-palladium-nanoparticles-using-origanum-vulgare-l-extract-and-their-catalytic-activity
#12
Mohammed Rafi Shaik, Zuhur Jameel Qandeel Ali, Mujeeb Khan, Mufsir Kuniyil, Mohamed E Assal, Hamad Z Alkhathlan, Abdulrahman Al-Warthan, Mohammed Rafiq H Siddiqui, Merajuddin Khan, Syed Farooq Adil
The synthesis of Palladium (Pd) nanoparticles by green methods has attracted remarkable attention in recent years because of its superiority above chemical approaches, owing to its low cost and ecological compatibility. In this present work, we describe a facile and environmentally friendly synthesis of Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs) using an aqueous extract of aerial parts of Origanum vulgare L. (OV) as a bioreductant. This plant is available in many parts of the world as well as in Saudi Arabia and is known to be a rich source of phenolic components, a feature we fruitfully utilized in the synthesis of Pd NPs, using various concentrations of plant extracts...
January 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106801/o-carboxymethyl-chitosan-supported-heterogeneous-palladium-and-ni-catalysts-for-heck-reaction
#13
Dongjun Lv, Mingjie Zhang
Two polymer catalysts (Pd-OCMCS and Ni-OCMCS) with good reusability were synthesized by coordinating Pd and Ni onto O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMCS). The chemical structure and thermal stability of prepared catalysts were determined by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS)analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TG-DTG), and the analysis results showed that the Pd and Ni ions coordinated onto the OCMCS and formed a ligand with the -COOH group, amino groups, and -OH group on the OCMCS, and the EDS and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) analysis results showed that the loading amounts of Pd and Ni were approximately 8...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106383/synthesis-chemistry-and-electronic-structures-of-group-9-metallaboranes
#14
Rosmita Borthakur, Sourav Kar, Subrat Kumar Barik, Somnath Bhattacharya, Gargi Kundu, Babu Varghese, Sundargopal Ghosh
Dimetallaoctaborane(12) of Ru, Co, and Rh have been well-characterized by a range of spectroscopic techniques and X-ray diffraction studies. Thus, reinvestigation of the Ir-system became of interest. As a result, a slight modification in the reaction conditions enabled us to isolate the missing Ir analogue of octaborane(12), [(Cp*Ir)2B6H10], 1. Compound 1 adapts a geometry similar to that of its parent octaborane(12) and Ru, Co, and Rh analogues. In [M2B6H10+x](M = Ru, x = 2; M = Co and Rh, x = 0), there exist two M-H-B protons...
January 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106371/enhancement-of-electrode-stability-using-platinum-cobalt-nanocrystals-on-a-novel-composite-sictic-support
#15
María Millán, Hector Zamora, Manuel Andrés Rodrigo, Justo Lobato
PtCo alloy catalysts for high temperature PEMFCs (Protonic Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells) were synthesized on a novel non-carbonaceous support (SiCTiC) using the impregnation method with NaBH4 as the reducing agent at different synthesis temperatures to evaluate the effect of this variable on their physicochemical and electrochemical properties. The catalysts were characterized by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray (TEM) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR)...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106364/a-novel-strategy-for-one-pot-synthesis-of-gold-nanoplates-on-carbon-nanotube-sheet-as-an-effective-flexible-sers-substrate
#16
Wenbo Xin, Jenn-Ming Yang, Chao Li, Mark S Goorsky, Larry Carlson, Igor De Rosa
In this work, we have demonstrated a novel route for one-pot synthesis of two dimensional gold nanoplates (2-D AuNPLs) on carbon nanotube (CNT) sheet. Well-defined AuNPLs are grafted onto CNT sheet via a facile hydrothermal reduction process, during which bromine ions are employed as the surfactant for gold anisotropic growth. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows large-scale AuNPLs with micrometer-scaled length and sub-100 nm thickness are deposited uniformly on the CNT sheet. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirm the synthesized AuNPLs are single-crystalline with preferential {111} orientation...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106347/isolation-and-characterization-of-radical-anions-derived-from-a-boryl-substituted-diphosphene
#17
Shun-Suke Asami, Shintaro Ishida, Takeaki Iwamoto, Katsunori Suzuki, Makoto Yamashita
Radical anions of a diphosphene with two boryl substituents were isolated and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, electron spin resonance (ESR), and UV/Vis absorption spectroscopy as well as DFT calculations. Structural analysis of the radical anions revealed an elongation of the P=P bond and a contraction of the B-P bonds relative to the neutral diphosphene. The UV/Vis spectra of these radical anions showed a strong absorption in the visible region, which was assigned to SOMO-related transitions on the basis of DFT calculations...
February 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106201/efficient-energy-transfer-and-luminescence-properties-of-ca3y-gao-3-bo3-4-tb-3-eu-3-as-a-green-to-red-colour-tunable-phosphor-under-near-uv-excitation
#18
Wasim Ullah Khan, Junhao Li, Xiaohui Li, Qili Wu, Jing Yan, Yiqin Xu, Feiyan Xie, Jianxin Shi, Mingmei Wu
A series of Ca3Y(GaO)3(BO3)4:Tb(3+),Eu(3+) phosphors were prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction. Their phase structures were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and the element distribution was measured using transmission electron microscopy elemental mapping. The photoluminescence emission and excitation spectra and fluorescence lifetime were studied and discussed in detail. The results revealed that Eu(3+) ions can be efficiently sensitized by Tb(3+) ions under near-UV excitation. In addition, the energy transfer efficiency can be controlled by adjusting the ratio of Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) to realize colour tunable emission from green to red...
January 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106199/fluoride-complexation-by-bidentate-silicon-lewis-acids
#19
Jan Horstmann, Mark Niemann, Katarína Berthold, Andreas Mix, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, Norbert W Mitzel
Diethynyldiphenylsilane (1) and divinyldiphenylsilane (2) were functionalized by hydrosilylation reactions with HSiMe2Cl, HSiMeCl2 and HSiCl3. Fluorination of the resulting compounds generates bidentate open-chain Lewis acids of increasing acidity. All semi-flexible [Ph2Si(CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHSiFnMe3-n)2 (n = 1, 2, 3)] and flexible [Ph2Si(CH2-CH2SiFnMe3-n)2 (n = 1, 2, 3)] bidentate Lewis acids were obtained in good to excellent yields. The different fluoride ion complexation behavior was explored in detail by multinuclear (low temperature) NMR spectroscopy...
January 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106012/high-pressure-structural-elastic-and-thermodynamic-properties-of-zircon-type-hopo4-and-tmpo4
#20
O Gomis, B Lavina, P Rodríguez-Hernández, A Muñoz, R Errandonea, D Errandonea, M Bettinelli
Zircon-type holmium phosphate (HoPO4) and thulium phosphate (TmPO4) have been studied by single-crystal x-ray diffraction and ab initio calculations. We report on the influence of pressure on the crystal structure, and on the elastic and thermodynamic properties. The equation of state for both compounds is accurately determined. We have also obtained information on the polyhedral compressibility which is used to explain the anisotropic axial compressibility and the bulk compressibility. Both compounds are ductile and more resistive to volume compression than to shear deformation at all pressures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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