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X-ray diffraction

Adam J Matzger, Ren A Wiscons, Nagula Rajesh Goud, Joshua T Damron
Ferroelectric materials exhibit switchable remanent polarization due to reversible symmetry breaking under an applied electric field. Previous research has leveraged temperature-induced neutral-ionic transitions in charge-transfer (CT) cocrystals to access ferroelectrics that operate through displacement of molecules under an applied field. However, displacive ferroelectric behavior is rare in organic CT cocrystals and achieving a Curie temperature (TC) above ambient has been elusive. Here a cocrystal between acenaphthene and 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane is presented that shows switchable remanent polarization at room temperature (TC = 68°C)...
May 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Guoqing Chang, Wajid Ullah, Yunfeng Hu, Liwei Lin, Xu Wang, Chang-Zhi Li
The formulation of optoelectronic components into 1D nanostructures allows the promotion of new materials with multifunctionalities. In this work, it is demonstrated that new synthesis of photocatalytic carbon nanofiber decorated with semi-embedded titanium oxide (TiO2 ), namely, TiO2 @carbon fiber, is conveniently accessed through the electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile polymer and TiO2 particle comixture, and then followed by photon-activated self-erosion to expose the embedded TiO2 and carbonization. The hybrid nanofibers are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis...
May 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Dominik Naglav, Briac Tobey, Kevin Dzialkowski, Dieter Bläser, Christoph Wölper, Georg Jansen, Stephan Schulz
Spontaneous ion separation of the scorpionate beryllium complex, TpBeI 1 (Tp = 1-trispyrazolylborate), occurs upon treatment with THF, yielding [TpBe(thf)]I 2, which was characterized by heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy (1H, 9Be, 13C) and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. 2 represents a rare example of a structurally characterized monocationic beryllium complex, and to the best of our knowledge, the synthesis of 2 by a solvent-induced ion separation has previously only been observed in the reactions of beryllium dihalides with strong Lewis bases...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jie Bao, Huijuan Zhai, Kongkai Zhu, Jin-Hai Yu, Yuying Zhang, Yinyin Wang, Cheng-Shi Jiang, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yun Zhang, Hua Zhang
Eight new 4-hydroxy-2-pyridone alkaloids arthpyrones D⁻K ( 1 ⁻ 8 ), along with two known analogues apiosporamide ( 9 ) and arthpyrone B ( 10 ), were isolated from a deep-sea-derived fungus Arthrinium sp. UJNMF0008. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods with that of 1 being established by chemical transformation and X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 bore an ester functionality linking the pyridone and decalin moieties first reported in this class of metabolites, while 3 and 4 incorporated a rare natural hexa- or tetrahydrobenzofuro[3,2- c ]pyridin-3(2 H )-one motif...
May 22, 2018: Marine Drugs
Vivek Kumar, Manfred Reehuis, Andreas Hoser, Peter Adler, Claudia Felser
We have investigated the crystal and magnetic structure of Mn<sub>2</sub>PtPd alloy using powder X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. This compound is believed to belong to the Heusler family having crystal symmetry I4/mmm (TiAl<sub>3</sub>-type). However, in this work we found that the Pd and Pt atoms are disordered and thus Mn<sub>2</sub>PtPd crystallizes in the L1<sub>0</sub> structure having P4/mmm symmetry (CuAu-I type) like MnPt and MnPd binary alloys...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Zhen Tan, Pengwan Chen, Qiang Zhou, Jianjun Liu, Xiaofeng Mei, Bi Wang, Naifu Cui
The phase transformation behavior of anatase and rutile titanium dioxide with particle sizes of 60 nm and 150 nm under shock compression have been investigated. To increase the shock pressure and reduce the shock temperature, copper powder and a small amount of paraffin were mixed with the TiO2 powder. The shock recovered samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscope. The results indicate that both anatase and rutile TiO2 can transform to α-PbO2 phase TiO2 through shock-induced phase transition...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Huifang Ma, Peng Chen, Bo Li, Jia Li, Ruoqi Ai, Zhengwei Zhang, Guangzhuang Sun, Kangkang Yao, Zhaoyang Lin, Bei Zhao, Ruixia Wu, Xuwan Tang, Xidong Duan, Xiangfeng Duan
The recent discovery of topological semimetals has stimulated extensive research interest due to their unique electronic properties and novel transport properties related to a chiral anomaly. However, the studies to date are largely limited to bulk crystals and exfoliated flakes. Here, we report the controllable synthesis of ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) platinum telluride (PtTe2 ) nanosheets with tunable thickness and investigate the thickness-dependent electronic properties. We show that PtTe2 nanosheets can be readily grown, using a chemical vapor deposition approach, with a hexagonal or triangular geometry and a lateral dimension of up to 80 μm, and the thickness of the nanosheets can be systematically tailored from over 20 to 1...
May 22, 2018: Nano Letters
Min-Zhuo Cheng, Jing Zhang, Dequan Bao, Xiwei Huang
In this communication, we assembled ordered polystyrene (PS) microsphere array as a template with the drop-coating method, and the oxygen plasma was used to etch the template to adjust the spacing between the PS microspheres. Nano-triangular gold array and silver Nano-pyramid array were obtained by ion beam sputtering to deposit precious metal gold and silver. We observed the surface morphology of Au and Au/Ag composite films by scanning electron microscope and characterized the films by X-ray diffraction and Ultraviolet/visible light spectrophotometer...
May 21, 2018: Electrophoresis
Ling-Yu Luan, Li Zhang, Li-Hong Wang
Synthesized organobentonite (SOB), montmorillonite (MMT), and commercial organobentonite (COB) were used as adsorbents for paraffin oil, a model pollutant in land-based oil spills and oil pipeline rupture. The characterization of clays was carried out with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). After adsorption, oil was separated from adsorbents with a carbon dioxide responsive solvent N,N-dimethylcyclohexylamine (DMCHA), and DMCHA was subsequently separated from paraffin oil upon CO2 bubbling instead of distillation with high energy cost...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mohamad Sukri Mohamad Yusof, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, Azeman Mustafa, Mukhlis Abdul Rahman, Juhana Jaafar, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
Palm oil fuel ash (POFA) is an agricultural waste which was employed in this study to produce novel adsorptive ceramic hollow fibre membranes. The membranes were fabricated using phase inversion-based extrusion technique and sintered at 1150 °C. The membranes were then evaluated on their ability to adsorb cadmium (Cd(II)). These membranes were characterised using (nitrogen) N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (FESEM-EDX) mapping, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses while adsorptivity activity was examined by batch adsorption studies...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sihuai Chen, Valeriu Mereacre, Zhiying Zhao, Wanwan Zhang, Mengsi Zhang, Zhangzhen He
Three dodecanuclear 3d-4f coordination clusters, [CrIII6LnIII6(μ3-OH)8(tbdea)6(C6H5COO)16]·2H2O (Ln = Dy (1), Y (2)) and [CoIII6DyIII6(μ3-OH)8(nbdea)6(m-CH3C6H4COO)16]·2H2O·2CH3CN (3), have been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that all three compounds possess an analogous {MIII6LnIII6} core (M = Cr, Co; Ln = Dy, Y) and dc magnetic susceptibility studies indicated that the magnetic exchange couplings between DyIII ions are dominant antiferromagnetic, while the CrIII-DyIII interactions are weakly ferromagnetic...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Stephen P Collins, Stephen W Lovesey
Dichroic X-ray signals derived from the Borrmann effect and a twisted photon beam with topological charge l = 1 are formulated with an effective wavevector. The unification applies for non-magnetic and magnetic materials. Electronic degrees of freedom associated with an ion are encapsulated in multipoles previously used to interpret conventional dichroism and Bragg diffraction enhanced by an atomic resonance. A dichroic signal exploiting the Borrmann effect with a linearly polarized beam presents charge-like multipoles that include a hexadecapole...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Derang Cao, Lining Pan, Jianan Li, Xiaohong Cheng, Zhong Zhao, Jie Xu, Qiang Li, Xia Wang, Shandong Li, Jianbo Wang, Qingfang Liu
Carbon or nitrogen doped cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized in the air by a facile calcination process. X-ray diffraction, mapping, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and mössbauer spectra results indicate that the nonmetal elements as the interstitial one are doped into cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. The morphologies of doped cobalt ferrite nanoparticles change from near-spherical to irregular cubelike shapes gradually with the increased carbon or nitrogen concentration, and their particles sizes also increase more than 200 nm...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ian J Schwerdt, Alexandria Brenkmann, Sean Martinson, Brent D Albrecht, Sean Heffernan, Michael R Klosterman, Trenton Kirkham, Tolga Tasdizen, Luther W McDonald Iv
The use of a limited set of signatures in nuclear forensics and nuclear safeguards may reduce the discriminating power for identifying unknown nuclear materials, or for verifying processing at existing facilities. Nuclear proliferomics is a proposed new field of study that advocates for the acquisition of large databases of nuclear material properties from a variety of analytical techniques. As demonstrated on a common uranium trioxide polymorph, α-UO3 , in this paper, nuclear proliferomics increases the ability to improve confidence in identifying the processing history of nuclear materials...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Anabel Laza Correa, Josué M Gonçalves, Pamela O Rossini, Juliana S Bernardes, Carlos A Neves, Koiti Araki, Lucio Angnes
This study reports the preparation and characterization of nickel/lead hydroxide nanoparticles used to construct electrochemical sensors, which were investigated for amperometric quantification of N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The newly synthesised material presents good uniformity, with the lead (II) ions homogenously incorporated into the alpha nickel hydroxide crystal structure, confirmed by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. Films of nanoparticles (3 nm in size) were prepared on conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated glass slides and used connected to a specially built batch injection analysis (BIA) cell with a capacity of only 4 mL and the electrode positioned in the bottom...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Xinhe Liu, Miaomiao Ran, Guoan Liu, Xiuhui Liu, Zhonghua Xue, Xiaoquan Lu
Here, we report a nanocomposite composed of silver nanoparticles and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (AgNPs/MWNTs) utilized as an efficient electrode material for sensitive detection superoxide anion (O2 •- ). The procedure to synthesize AgNPs/MWNTs nanocomposites was green and facile. In the presence of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were in situ generated by chemical reduction of silver nitrate with glucose as a reducing and stabilizing agent to give the desired AgNPs/MWNTs nanocomposites...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Yuanling Sun, Chaofan Ding, Yanna Lin, Weiyan Sun, Hao Liu, Xiaodong Zhu, Yuxue Dai, Chuannan Luo
In this work, a highly selective and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) biosensor was prepared for adenosine (AD) detection based on carbon quantum dots (CQDs) catalyzing the CL system of luminol-H2 O2 under alkaline environment and CQDs was released from the surface of AD aptamers functionalized graphene @ magnetic β-cyclodextrin polymers (GO@Fe3 O4 @β-CD@A-Apt). Firstly, GO@Fe3 O4 @β-CD and CQDs were prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Vis absorption spectra (UV), fluorescence spectra (FL), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD)...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Sophie Nowak, Sandra Lafon, Sandrine Caquineau, Emilie Journet, Benoit Laurent
Mineral dust aerosols, produced by wind erosion in arid regions and semi-arid surfaces, are important components of the atmosphere that affect the Earth radiative budget, atmospheric chemistry and biogeochemical cycles. Dust aerosol particles are composed of a complex mixture of various minerals, mainly clays, calcite, quartz, feldspars and iron oxides. The nature and the relative abundance of the minerals are key parameters to evaluate mineral dust environmental impacts. Strong limitations remain to quantify the mineralogical composition of dust particles, mainly due to the low mass of in-situ collected dust particle samples...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Emre Yavuz, Şerife Tokalıoğlu, Şaban Patat
In the present study, core-shell Fe3 O4 polydopamine nanoparticles were synthesized and used for the first time as an adsorbent for the vortex assisted magnetic dispersive solid phase extraction of copper from food samples. After elution, copper in the solutions was determined by FAAS. The adsorbent was characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, and zeta potential measurements...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Alejandra Ruiz-Clavijo, Olga Caballero-Calero, Marisol Martín-González
Self-standing Bi₂Te₃ networks of interconnected nanowires were fabricated in three-dimensional porous anodic alumina templates (3D⁻AAO) with a porous structure spreading in all three spatial dimensions. Pulsed electrodeposition parameters were optimized to grow highly oriented Bi₂Te₃ interconnected nanowires with stoichiometric composition inside those 3D⁻AAO templates. The nanowire networks were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), and Raman spectroscopy...
May 18, 2018: Nanomaterials
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