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positron emission tomography perfusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779046/sex-differences-in-the-long-term-prognostic-value-of-13-n-ammonia-myocardial-perfusion-positron-emission-tomography
#1
Catherine Gebhard, Michael Fiechter, Bernhard A Herzog, Christine Lohmann, Susan Bengs, Valerie Treyer, Michael Messerli, Dominik C Benz, Andreas A Giannopoulos, Christoph Gräni, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Ronny R Buechel, Philipp A Kaufmann
PURPOSE: Evidence to date on the unique female determinants of cardiovascular risk is inadequate. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is considered to have the highest accuracy for the assessment of myocardial perfusion in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), but its long-term prognostic accuracy in women has not been established. METHODS: A total of 619 consecutive patients (138 women, mean age 60.0 ± 11.8 years) underwent clinically indicated 13 N-ammonia PET at our institution and were followed up (median 5...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777360/crossed-aphasia-following-cerebral-infarction-in-a-right-handed-patient-with-atypical-cerebral-language-dominance
#2
Xiaoping Tan, Yang Guo, Saihong Dun, Hongzan Sun
OBJECTIVE: Crossed aphasia (CA), usually referred to as an acquired language disturbance, is caused by a lesion in the cerebral hemisphere ipsilateral to the dominant hand, and the exact mechanism is not clear. The development of handedness is influenced by education and training and the impact of habitualization, while language is more susceptible to the impact of speech habits, and it is not absolutely accurate to judge cerebral language dominance by the degree of hand preference. METHODS: We describe a case of CA after right hemispheric stroke in a right-handed patient with atypical language dominance and attempt to analyze the mechanism of CA based on functional imaging methods, including arterial spin labeling (ASL) and positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET-MRI)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765421/retention-and-functional-effect-of-adipose-derived-stromal-cells-administered-in-alginate-hydrogel-in-a-rat-model-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#3
Bjarke Follin, Adam Ali Ghotbi, Andreas Ettrup Clemmensen, Simon Bentsen, Morten Juhl, Rebekka Harary Søndergaard, Lisbeth Drozd Lund, Mandana Haack-Sørensen, Philip Hasbak, Smadar Cohen, Rasmus Sejersten Ripa, Jens Kastrup, Annette Ekblond, Andreas Kjær
Background: Cell therapy for heart disease has been proven safe and efficacious, despite poor cell retention in the injected area. Improving cell retention is hypothesized to increase the treatment effect. In the present study, human adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) were delivered in an in situ forming alginate hydrogel following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats. Methods: ASCs were transduced with luciferase and tested for ASC phenotype. AMI was inducted in nude rats, with subsequent injection of saline (controls), 1 × 106 ASCs in saline or 1 × 106 ASCs in 1% ( w / v ) alginate hydrogel...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754288/the-impact-of-hypoglycaemia-awareness-status-on-regional-brain-responses-to-acute-hypoglycaemia-in-men-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Joel T Dunn, Pratik Choudhary, Ming Ming Teh, Ian Macdonald, Katharine F Hunt, Paul K Marsden, Stephanie A Amiel
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH) in type 1 diabetes increases the risk of severe hypoglycaemia sixfold and can be resistant to intervention. We explored the impact of IAH on central responses to hypoglycaemia to investigate the mechanisms underlying barriers to therapeutic intervention. METHODS: We conducted [15 O]water positron emission tomography studies of regional brain perfusion during euglycaemia (target 5 mmol/l), hypoglycaemia (achieved level, 2...
May 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751831/intravenous-injection-of-allogeneic-umbilical-cord-derived-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-reduces-the-infarct-area-and-ameliorates-cardiac-function-in-a-porcine-model-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#5
Meikuang Lim, Weiqiang Wang, Lu Liang, Zhi-Bo Han, Zongjin Li, Jie Geng, Meng Zhao, Honghong Jia, Jie Feng, Zhe Wei, Baoquan Song, Jiemin Zhang, Jun Li, Tianwen Liu, Fan Wang, Ting Li, Jianming Li, Yihu Fang, Jianhua Gao, Zhongchao Han
BACKGROUND: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) therapy has been widely recognized as a feasible strategy for regenerating injured myocardial tissue. However, little is known about the efficacy of intravenous injection of allogeneic umbilical cord (UC) MSCs in preclinical models of porcine myocardial infarction. METHODS: Different dosages of allogeneic UC-MSCs or the vehicle [phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)] were delivered intravenously into an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) porcine model twice after coronary ligation...
May 11, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745630/evaluation-of-multifunctional-imaging-parameters-in-gastro-oesophageal-cancer-using-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-with-integrated-perfusion-ct
#6
Bert-Ram Sah, Christian A Leissing, Gaspar Delso, Edwin E Ter Voert, Stefan Krieg, Sebastian Leibl, Paul M Schneider, Cäcilia S Reiner, Martin W Hüllner, Patrick Veit-Haibach
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) / computed tomography (CT) is among the most frequently used imaging modalities for initial staging of gastro-oesophageal (GE) cancer, whereas CT-perfusion (CTP) provides different multiparametric information. This proof of concept study compares CTP- and PET-parameters in patients with GE cancer to evaluate correlations and a possible prognostic value of a combined PET/CTP imaging procedure. METHODS: A total of 31 patients with F-18-FDG-PET/CT and CTP studies were prospectively analysed...
May 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720565/implementation-of-a-cardiac-pet-stress-program-comparison-of-outcomes-to-the-preceding-spect-era
#7
Stacey Knight, David B Min, Viet T Le, Kent G Meredith, Ritesh Dhar, Santanu Biswas, Kurt R Jensen, Steven M Mason, Jon-David Ethington, Donald L Lappe, Joseph B Muhlestein, Jeffrey L Anderson, Kirk U Knowlton
BACKGROUND: Cardiac positron emission testing (PET) is more accurate than single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at identifying coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the 2 modalities have not been thoroughly compared in a real-world setting. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 60-day catheterization outcomes and 1-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after the transition from a SPECT- to a PET-based myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) program. METHODS: MPI patients at Intermountain Medical Center from January 2011-December 2012 (the SPECT era, n = 6,777) and January 2014-December 2015 (the PET era, n = 7,817) were studied...
May 3, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703779/impact-of-revascularization-on-absolute-myocardial-blood-flow-as-assessed-by-serial-15-o-h-2-o-positron-emission-tomography-imaging-a-comparison-with-fractional-flow-reserve
#8
Roel S Driessen, Ibrahim Danad, Wijnand J Stuijfzand, Stefan P Schumacher, Juhani Knuuti, Maija Mäki, Adriaan A Lammertsma, Albert C van Rossum, Niels van Royen, Pieter G Raijmakers, Paul Knaapen
BACKGROUND: The main goal of coronary revascularization is to restore myocardial perfusion in case of ischemia, causing coronary artery disease. Yet, little is known on the effect of revascularization on absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF). Therefore, the present prospective study assesses the impact of coronary revascularization on absolute MBF as measured by [15 O]H2 O positron emission tomography and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (87% men, mean age 58...
May 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703502/improving-the-modelling-of-irradiation-induced-brain-activation-for-in-vivo-pet-verification-of-proton-therapy
#9
Julia Bauer, Wenjing Chen, Sebastian Nischwitz, Jakob Liebl, Stefan Rieken, Thomas Welzel, Juergen Debus, Katia Parodi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: A reliable Monte Carlo prediction of proton-induced brain tissue activation used for comparison to particle therapy positron-emission-tomography (PT-PET) measurements is crucial for in vivo treatment verification. Major limitations of current approaches to overcome include the CT-based patient model and the description of activity washout due to tissue perfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two approaches were studied to improve the activity prediction for brain irradiation: (i) a refined patient model using tissue classification based on MR information and (ii) a PT-PET data-driven refinement of washout model parameters...
April 24, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696443/relationship-between-functional-imaging-and-immunohistochemical-markers-and-prediction-of-breast-cancer-subtype-a-pet-mri-study
#10
Mariarosaria Incoronato, Anna Maria Grimaldi, Carlo Cavaliere, Marianna Inglese, Peppino Mirabelli, Serena Monti, Umberto Ferbo, Emanuele Nicolai, Andrea Soricelli, Onofrio Antonio Catalano, Marco Aiello, Marco Salvatore
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine if functional parameters extracted from the hybrid positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) correlate with the immunohistochemical markers of breast cancer (BC) lesions, to assess their ability to predict BC subtype. METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institution's Ethics Committee, and all patients provided written informed consent. A total of 50 BC patients at diagnosis underwent PET/MRI before pharmacological and surgical treatment...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680254/correlation-between-tumor-metabolism-and-semiquantitative-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-metrics-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Sang Ho Lee, Andreas Rimner, Emily Gelb, Joseph O Deasy, Margie A Hunt, John L Humm, Neelam Tyagi
PURPOSE: To correlate semiquantitative parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18 F-FDG-PET) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-four NSCLC patients who underwent pretreatment 18 F-FDG-PET and DCE-MRI were analyzed. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was measured from 18F-FDG-PET. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was obtained on a 3T MRI scanner using 4-dimensional T1-weighted high-resolution imaging with a volume excitation sequence...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678527/the-effect-of-neoadjuvant-androgen-deprivation-therapy-on-tumor-hypoxia-in-high-grade-prostate-cancer-an-18-f-miso-pet-mri-study
#12
Ismini C Mainta, Thomas Zilli, Jean-Christophe Tille, Thomas De Perrot, Jean-Paul Vallée, Franz Buchegger, Valentina Garibotto, Raymond Miralbell
PURPOSE: Tumor hypoxia is associated with radioresistance and poor prognosis after radiation therapy for prostate cancer (PCa). In this prospective pilot study, we assessed the ability of 18 F-misonidazole (18 F-MISO) positron emission tomography (PET)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect hypoxia in high-grade PCa patients who were candidates for curative radiation therapy, and we evaluated 18 F-MISO PET-MRI modulation after 3 months of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (nADT)...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678336/stress-myocardial-blood-flow-heterogeneity-is-a-positron-emission-tomography-biomarker-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#13
Dai-Yin Lu, Hulya Yalçin, Fatih Yalçin, Min Zhao, Sanjay Sivalokanathan, Ines Valenta, Abdel Tahari, Martin G Pomper, Theodore P Abraham, Thomas H Schindler, M Roselle Abraham
Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Abnormalities in myocardial blood flow (MBF) detected by positron emission tomography (PET) are common in HC, but a PET marker that identifies patients at risk of sudden cardiac death is lacking. We hypothesized that disparities in regional myocardial perfusion detected by PET would identify patients with HC at risk of ventricular arrhythmias. To test this hypothesis, we quantified global and regional MBFs by 13 NH3 -PET at rest and at stress, and developed a heterogeneity index to assess MBF heterogeneity in 133 symptomatic patients with HC...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663353/positron-emission-tomography-imaging-of-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-and-type-1-cannabinoid-receptor-availability-during-temporal-lobe-epileptogenesis-in-the-amygdala-kindling-model-in-rhesus-monkeys
#14
Evy Cleeren, Cindy Casteels, Karolien Goffin, Michel Koole, Koen Van Laere, Peter Janssen, Wim Van Paesschen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated changes in the endocannabinoid system and glucose metabolism during temporal lobe epileptogenesis. METHODS: Because it is rarely possible to study epileptogenesis in humans, we applied the electrical amygdala kindling model in nonhuman primates to image longitudinal changes in type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1R) binding and cerebral glucose metabolism. Two rhesus monkeys received [18 F]-MK-9470 and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography ([18 F]-FDG -PET) scans in each of the 4 kindling stages to quantify relative changes over time of CB1R binding and cerebral glucose metabolism in vivo...
April 17, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663117/review-of-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-journal-of-nuclear-cardiology-in-2017-part-2-of-2-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#15
Fadi G Hage, Wael A AlJaroudi
In 2017, the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology published many high-quality articles. In this review, we will summarize a selection of these articles to provide a concise review of the main advancements that have recently occurred in the field. In the first article of this 2-part series, we focused on publications dealing with positron emission tomography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance. This review will place emphasis on myocardial perfusion imaging using single-photon emission computed tomography summarizing advances in the field including prognosis, safety and tolerability, the impact of imaging on management, and the use of novel imaging protocols...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643681/mismatch-in-brain-perfusion-and-metabolism-detected-with-99m-tc-hexamethyl-propylene-amine-oxime-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-moyamoya-disease
#16
Justo Serrano Vicente, Luis Fernández Prudencio, José Rafael Infante Torre, Juan Ignacio Rayo Madrid
We report a 47-year-old woman who developed an ischemic stroke with diplopia and dysarthria. Emergency computed tomography (CT) showed no pathological findings, and magnetic resonance (MR) showed mild ischemic-degenerative lesions. MR angiography and angiogram showed severe stenosis of both internal carotid and main intracranial arteries with plenty collateral vessels with "puff of smoke" suggesting a moyamoya disease (MMD). Brain perfusion single-photon emission CT showed global diminished perfusion in the brain lobes and a marked relative hyperperfusion in the cerebellum...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613843/intraprocedural-ablation-margin-assessment-by-using-ammonia-perfusion-pet-during-fdg-pet-ct-guided-liver-tumor-ablation-a-pilot-study
#17
Paul B Shyn, Leigh C Casadaban, Nisha I Sainani, Cheryl A Sadow, Paul M Bunch, Vincent M Levesque, Chun K Kim, Victor H Gerbaudo, Stuart G Silverman
Purpose To prospectively determine whether nitrogen 13 (13 N) ammonia perfusion positron emission tomography (PET) during fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT)-guided liver tumor ablation can be used to intraprocedurally assess ablation margins. Materials and Methods Eight patients (five women and three men; age range, 36-74 years; mean age, 57 years) were enrolled in this pilot study and underwent FDG PET/CT-guided microwave ablation of 11 FDG-avid liver metastases (mean diameter, 22 mm; range, 11-34 mm)...
April 3, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604980/imaging-studies-of-the-hiv-infected-brain
#18
Linda Chang, Dinesh K Shukla
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enters the brain early after infecting humans and may remain in the central nervous system despite successful antiretroviral treatment. Many neuroimaging techniques were used to study HIV+ patients with or without opportunistic infections. These techniques assessed abnormalities in brain structures (using computed tomography, structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion MRI) and function (using functional MRI at rest or during a task, and perfusion MRI with or without a contrast agent)...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594931/validation-of-18-f-flt-as-a-perfusion-independent-imaging-biomarker-of-tumour-response-in-egfr-mutated-nsclc-patients-undergoing-treatment-with-an-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor
#19
R Iqbal, G M Kramer, V Frings, E F Smit, O S Hoekstra, R Boellaard
BACKGROUND: 3'-Deoxy-3'-[18 F]fluorothymidine ([18 F]FLT) was proposed as an imaging biomarker for the assessment of in vivo cellular proliferation with positron emission tomography (PET). The current study aimed to validate [18 F]FLT as a perfusion-independent PET tracer, by gaining insight in the intra-tumoural relationship between [18 F]FLT uptake and perfusion in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Six patients with metastatic NSCLC, having an activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, were included in this study...
March 27, 2018: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578927/minimal-starting-time-of-data-reconstruction-for-qualitative-myocardial-perfusion-rubidium-82-positron-emission-tomography-imaging
#20
Joris D van Dijk, Eline D Huizing, Jorn A van Dalen, Jorik R Timmer, Pieter L Jager
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) scans are reconstructed with a delay after an injection of rubidium-82 (Rb) to ensure blood pool clearance and sufficient left ventricle to myocardium contrast. Our aim was to derive the minimal starting time of data reconstruction (STDR) after an injection of Rb for which the diagnostic value and image quality remained unaffected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included 23 patients who underwent rest-stress Rb PET MPI using 740 MBq...
March 23, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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