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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911009/echocardiographic-predictors-of-outcome-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Ivan Stankovic, Robert Marcun, Aleksandra Janicijevic, Jerneja Farkas, Sasa Kadivec, Ivan Ilic, Aleksandar N Neskovic, Mitja Lainscak
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the relationship between echocardiographic characteristics and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 154 patients (mean age 71 ± 10 years, 71% male) with COPD. All patients underwent transthoracic Doppler echocardiography within 48 hours of hospital admission. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality during a median period of 22 months. RESULTS: Mildly elevated tricuspid regurgitation pressure and mitral E/e' ratio were the most commonly encountered echocardiographic abnormalities, observed in 60% and 56% of patients, respectively...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910136/mitral-valve-surgery-following-failed-mitraclip-implantation
#2
Piotr Mazur, Salvior Mok, Amar Krishnaswamy, Samir Kapadia, Jose L Navia
Mitral valve disruption is a rare but serious complication of MitraClip insertion. This review provides an update on surgical interventions following MitraClip failure, and discusses possible valve injuries and surgical approaches.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909765/cardiac-masses-experience-from-a-turkish-tertiary-center-of-cardiology
#3
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, M Kahyaoglu, B Omar, S Izci, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, S Coban, O Candan, E Yanik, I A Izgi, N O Barisik
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac masses comprise a category that includes benign, malignant, and nontumoral mass lesions. The present study aims to share the findings relating to cardiac masses observed at our tertiary cardiology hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The records of patients who presented with cardiac masses and underwent surgery at our institute between 2006 and 2015, and whose tissue samples were sent to a pathology laboratory, were retrospectively reviewed in a consecutive manner...
December 1, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909593/our-anaesthetic-experiences-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-mitraclip-implantation
#4
Ezgi Erkılıç, Elvin Kesimci, Cihan Döğer, Tülin Gümüş, Süleyman Ellik, Orhan Kanbak
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous mitraclip implantation system, is a new technique developed for patients with high surgical risks. It is generally performed in a catheterisation laboratory with the guidance of fluoroscopy and transesophageal echocardiography. In this study, we aimed to share our experiences on anaesthetic in patients undergoing mitraclip implantation under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Eighty four patients with severe, symptomatic mitral insufficiency, who had undergone MitraClip implantation under general anaesthesia between July 2012 and March 2015 (54 male, 30 female; mean age: 68...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909513/assessment-of-sinoatrial-node-function-in-patients-with-persistent-and-long-standing-persistent-forms-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-maze-iii-procedure-combined-with-mitral-valve-operation
#5
Kulikov Aleksei A, Bokeria Leo A
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Assessment of sinoatrial node function after Maze III procedure combined with a mitral valve operation. METHODS: 100 patients were included in the research with persistent and long-standing persistent forms of atrial fibrillation (AF) and need of operative treatment concerning valve disease. The following preoperative preparation methods were executed to all patients: Electrocardiogram in 12 standard assignments;Two-dimensional echocardiographic with assessment of systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle, size of the left atrium and grade of valve disease;Transesophageal echocardiography for exclusion of blood clots in the left atrium and left atrial appendage;Coronary angiography for exclusion of coronary heart disease;Computer tomography for examination of cardiac chambers and anatomic characteristics of pulmonary veins...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909512/concomitant-left-atrial-appendage-clipping-during-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery-technically-feasible-and-safe
#6
Ashraf Alqaqa Md, Shabiah Martin Md, Aiman Hamdan Md Facc, Fayez Shamoon Md Facc, Kourosh T Asgarian DO
BACKGROUND: It is believed that most of thrombi form in the left atrial appendage (LAA)before they emboli. Different surgical and percutaneouse approaches were suggested to manage the LAA. In this study we are evaluating the safety of clipping the LAA via minithoractotomy approach. METHOD: All consecutive patients who had minimally invasive mitral valve surgery with concomitant LAA clipping between December 2012 and February 2014 were included in the study. LAA exclusion was performed using AtriClip® LAA Exclusion System (Cincinnati, Ohio, AtriCure®)...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909490/effects-of-atrial-fibrillation-cardioversion-after-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-on-echocardiographic-left-and-right-atrial-functions
#7
Ayman Morttada Md, Aly Ramzy Md, Said Khaled Md, Amal Ayoub Md, Sameh Samir Md, Hossam Zaki Md
Amongst patients with mitral stenosis (MS), the most common complication is AF.Our study aimed at evaluating the effect of AF cardioversion after Percutaneous Mitral Balloon Valvuloplasty (PMBV) on echocardiographic atrial functions. The study included 34 patients with MS and AF, presenting to Ain-shams University hospitals, who underwent successful PMBV then randomized into 2 different groups according to AF management strategy. Group-I patients (n=16) received DC cardioversion after amiodarone infusion (within 24 hours post-PMBV) in addition to anticoagulation...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909274/-three-mitral-valve-operations-in-a-patient-with-trousseau-syndrome-and-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-caused-by-ovarian-cancer
#8
Masahito Saito, Naoki Asano, Kazunori Ota, Kazuho Niimi, Koyu Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Gon, Hiroshi Takano
A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute right hemi-paresis, left homonymous hemianopia, and fever. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple cerebral infarctions and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a vegetation on the posterior leaflet of her mitral valve. Mitral valve repair was performed under a diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Further multiple cerebral infarctions occurred on the 11th postoperative day, resulting in left hemiplegia and dysarthria...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908765/long-term-requirement-for-pacemaker-implantation-after-cardiac-valve-replacement-surgery
#9
Francisco Leyva, Tian Qiu, David McNulty, Felicity Evison, Howard Marshall, Maurizio Gasparini
BACKGROUND: The risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after cardiac valve replacement surgery is thought be highest in the post-operative period. Long-term risks are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine rates and timing of PPI after valve replacement surgery. METHODS: We compared PPI rates patients undergoing aortic (AVR, n = 111,674), mitral (MVR, n = 18,402) valve replacement, AVR+MVR (n = 5,166) or AVR + MVR and tricuspid valve replacement (TVR, n = 114) or CABG without valve replacement (n=249,742)...
November 28, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908646/left-ventricular-function-in-healthy-term-neonates-during-the-transitional-period
#10
Amish Jain, Afif F El-Khuffash, Bart C W Kuipers, Adel Mohamed, Kim A Connelly, Patrick J McNamara, Robert P Jankov, Luc Mertens
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether incorporating conventional, tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking echocardiography are reliable and can characterize changes in left ventricular (LV) function properly in healthy neonates in the early transitional newborn period. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study was conducted in 50 healthy term neonates with a mean ± SD gestational age and birth weight of 39.3 ± 1.2 weeks and 3.5 ± 0.44 kg, respectively...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908608/a-hospital-based-survey-of-patients-with-severe-valvular-heart-disease-in-china
#11
Po Hu, Xian-Bao Liu, Jie Liang, Qi-Feng Zhu, Chao-Xia Pu, Meng-Yao Tang, Jian-An Wang
OBJECTIVES: Due to increasing aging, the epidemiology of VHD may have changed in China. This study aimed to provide contemporary information on the prevalence, distribution patterns, and etiology of severe VHD in China. METHODS: This was a retrospective survey at Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, which included all consecutive patients between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: In all, 139,496 patients were enrolled. Among severe valve diseases, MR was the most frequent (n=946, 0...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907007/exploring-regulatory-mechanisms-of-atrial-myocyte-hypertrophy-of-mitral-regurgitation-through-gene-expression-profiling-analysis-role-of-nfat-in-cardiac-hypertrophy
#12
Tzu-Hao Chang, Mien-Cheng Chen, Jen-Ping Chang, Hsien-Da Huang, Wan-Chun Ho, Yu-Sheng Lin, Kuo-Li Pan, Yao-Kuang Huang, Wen-Hao Liu, Chia-Chen Wu
BACKGROUND: Left atrial enlargement in mitral regurgitation (MR) predicts a poor prognosis. The regulatory mechanisms of atrial myocyte hypertrophy of MR patients remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprised 14 patients with MR, 7 patients with aortic valve disease (AVD), and 6 purchased samples from normal subjects (NC). We used microarrays, enrichment analysis and quantitative RT-PCR to study the gene expression profiles in the left atria. Microarray results showed that 112 genes were differentially up-regulated and 132 genes were differentially down-regulated in the left atria between MR patients and NC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906657/pacing-correctable-mitral-regurgitation-something-old-something-new
#13
EDITORIAL
Angelo Auricchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906653/longer-left-ventricular-electric-delay-reduces-mitral-regurgitation-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-mechanistic-insights-from-the-smart-av-study-smartdelay-determined-av-optimization-a-comparison-to-other-av-delay-methods-used-in-cardiac-resynchronization
#14
Neal A Chatterjee, Michael R Gold, Alan D Waggoner, Michael H Picard, Kenneth M Stein, Yinghong Yu, Timothy E Meyer, Nicholas Wold, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Jagmeet P Singh
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is associated with worse survival in those undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Left ventricular (LV) lead position in CRT may ameliorate mechanisms of MR. We examine the association between a longer LV electric delay (QLV) at the LV stimulation site and MR reduction after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: QLV was assessed retrospectively in 426 patients enrolled in the SMART-AV study (SmartDelay Determined AV Optimization: A Comparison to Other AV Delay Methods Used in CRT)...
November 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906422/infective-endocarditis-a-word-of-caution-on-non-typical-bacteria
#15
K Giannakopoulos, C Zompolou, M Behnes, E Elmas, M Borggrefe, I Akin
A previously healthy 52-year-old man presented to our department with remitting and relapsing fever for more than 6 weeks. During complex staged work-up, we revealed that he suffered from an Abiotrophia defectiva endocarditis of the mitral valve with mitral regurgitation and vegetation requiring mitral valve replacement. He recovered well postoperatively and is currently being followed at our Outpatient Cardiology Clinic.
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905211/minimally-invasive-mitral-repair-surgery-why-does-controversy-still-persist
#16
Jeevan Nagendran, Jorge Catrip, Katie L Losenno, Corey Adams, Bob Kiaii, Michael W A Chu
Surgical treatment for mitral valve disease has evolved and remains a rapidly expanding field. Minimally invasive mitral valve repair (MI-MVR) is a well-known alternative to conventional sternotomy mitral valve repair (cMVR). However, controversy as to the efficacy of MI-MVR persists, hindering the adoption and potential benefits of this less invasive approach. Areas covered: In this review, we provide an updated summary evaluation of the latest evidence, including observational studies, clinical trials and meta-analyses, regarding MI-MVR in comparison to cMVR...
December 1, 2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904843/cardiac-surgery-in-africa-a-thirty-five-year-experience-on-open-heart-surgery-in-cote-d-ivoire
#17
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate, Christophe Meneas, Florent Diby, Manga Diomande, Anicet Adoubi, Yves Tanauh
BACKGROUND: Few centers for open heart surgery (OHS) are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lack of OHS results is also noted. By reporting our African experience on OHS, the aim of this study was to fill the gap. METHODS: It is a retrospective study on 2,612 patients who were subject to an OHS between 1978 and 2013. Data were collected from demographical, clinical, investigative studies, surgical and outcomes parameters. RESULTS: There were 1,475 cases of rheumatic heart diseases (RHD), 126 endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF), 741 congenital heart diseases (CHDs) and 270 various affections...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904840/surgical-experience-on-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis-in-african-setting-review-of-35-years-experience-in-cote-d-ivoire
#18
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate, Yves Tanauh, Christophe Meneas, Florent Diby, Anicet Adoubi, Manga Diomande
BACKGROUND: Surgical experience with chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) is rarely documented in Africa; the aim of this study is therefore to review our African experience with CCP from 1977 to 2012 in terms of clinical and surgical outcomes and risk factors of early death after pericardiectomy. METHODS: This retrospective study is related to 120 patients with CCP; there were 72 men and 48 women with an average age at 28.8±10.4 years standard deviation (SD) (8-51 years)...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904623/comparison-of-malnutrition-in-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-and-its-relationship-with-echocardiographic-findings
#19
Afsoon Emami Naini, Alireza Karbalaie, Mokhtar Abedini, Gholamreza Askari, Firouzeh Moeinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who on peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD). This study aimed to compare the frequency distribution of malnutrition in HD and PD patients and its relationship with echocardiographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case-control study. Using the simple random sampling, 109 patients were selected among HD and PD patients based on the inclusion criteria. HD and PD groups included 55 and 54 patients, respectively...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904545/treatment-of-recurrent-prosthetic-mitral-valve-thrombosis-with-reteplase-a-report-of-four-cases
#20
Neda Behzadnia, Babak Sharif Kashani, Arda Kiani, Atefe Abedini, Seyed Reza Seyedi, Hossein Zargham Ahmadi, Farah Naghash Zadeh, Atefeh Fakharian
Thrombosis is a life threatening complications of prosthetic mitral valves and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Even in presence of systemic anticoagulation prosthetic valve thrombosis has an incidence of 0.5% to 8%. Recurrent prosthetic valve thrombosis and the resulting thrombotic occlusion require re-establishment of blood flow across the valve. While surgical repair is considered the classic first line treatment option for prosthetic valve thrombosis, intravenous thrombolysis has emerged as an acceptable alternative for the first episode of prosthetic valve thrombosis...
2016: Tanaffos
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