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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818246/cancer-prevention-during-early-adulthood-highlights-from-a-meeting-of-experts
#1
Dawn M Holman, Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Greta M Massetti, Mary C Puckett, Claire D Brindis
Using a life course approach, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control and the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors co-hosted a 2-day meeting with 15 multidisciplinary experts to consider evidence linking factors in early adulthood to subsequent cancer risk and strategies for putting that evidence into practice to reduce cancer incidence. This paper provides an overview of key themes from those meeting discussions, drawing attention to the influence that early adulthood can have on lifetime cancer risk and potential strategies for intervention during this phase of life...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814244/history-prevalence-and-assessment-of-limited-joint-mobility-from-stiff-hand-syndrome-to-diabetic-foot-ulcer-prevention
#2
Piergiorgio Francia, Roberto Anichini, Giuseppe Seghieri, Alessandra De Bellis, Massimo Gulisano
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important global public health problems. Patients with DM may develop different dreaded complications during their lifetime, one of which is limited joint mobility (LJM). Joint abnormalities and LJM are problems that can arise at disease onset, and progressively worsen together with the disease. Because LJM shares causal factors with other chronic diabetes-induced complications, its study has been considered useful for monitoring the risk of developing other chronic complications due to DM such as vascular disease or diabetic foot...
August 16, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804995/assessing-the-need-for-arthritis-training-among-paid-carers-in-uk-residential-care-homes-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#4
Paul Whybrow, Suzanne Moffatt, Lesley Kay, Ben Thompson, Terry Aspray, Rachel Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform an educational and training needs assessment for arthritis care in residential homes. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from three purposively selected residential homes: one independent, one in a regional chain and one in a national chain. Three researcher-led focus groups were conducted with paid carers (N = 22) using vignette exercises; interviews were undertaken with 12 residents with joint pain (N = 12), five managerial staff and two general practitioners (GPs)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801393/protocol-for-the-mwellcare-trial-a-multicentre-cluster-randomised-12-month-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-mwellcare-an-mhealth-system-for-an-integrated-management-of-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-versus-enhanced-usual-care-in-india
#5
Dilip Jha, Priti Gupta, Vamadevan S Ajay, Devraj Jindal, Pablo Perel, David Prieto-Merino, Pramod Jacob, Jonathan Nyong, Vidya Venugopal, Kavita Singh, Shifalika Goenka, Ambuj Roy, Nikhil Tandon, Vikram Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
INTRODUCTION: Rising burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes is a major challenge to the health system in India. Innovative approaches such as mobile phone technology (mHealth) for electronic decision support in delivering evidence-based and integrated care for hypertension, diabetes and comorbid depression have potential to transform the primary healthcare system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: mWellcare trial is a multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a mHealth system and nurse managed care for people with hypertension and diabetes in rural India...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795577/understanding-the-emergence-and-development-of-medical-collaboration-across-organizational-boundaries-a-longitudinal-case-study
#6
Nassera Touati, Charo Rodríguez, Marie-Andrée Paquette, Jean-Louis Denis
Our goal in this investigation was to help shed light on the very difficult process of collaboration between family physicians and specialists working at different levels of healthcare delivery. More precisely, and grounded on Giddens' structuration theory, our investigation aims to understand how medical collaboration emerges and develops around chronic patients. This was a longitudinal interpretive case study, the "case" being a continuum-of-care for patients suffering from diabetes, put in place in an urban health center in the Canadian province of Quebec...
August 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790131/a-team-based-online-game-improves-blood-glucose-control-in-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
B Price Kerfoot, David R Gagnon, Graham T McMahon, Jay D Orlander, Katherine E Kurgansky, Paul R Conlin
OBJECTIVE: Rigorous evidence is lacking whether online games can improve patients' longer-term health outcomes. We investigated whether an online team-based game delivering diabetes self-management education (DSME) to patients via e-mail or mobile app can generate longer-term improvements in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients (n = 456) on oral diabetes medications with HbA1c ≥58 mmol/mol were randomly assigned between a DSME game (with a civics booklet) and a civics game (with a DSME booklet)...
August 8, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768935/predictors-of-quality-of-life-improvement-after-2-years-of-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#8
Vladan Peric, Radojica Stolic, Aleksandar Jovanovic, Rade Grbic, Bratislav Lazic, Sasa Sovtic, Milorad Borzanovic
PURPOSE: The aim was to examine the predictors of improvement of quality of life after 2 years of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: In all, 208 patients who underwent the elective CABG at the Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Dedinje in Belgrade were contacted and examined 2 years after the surgery. All patients completed Nottingham Health Profile Questionnaire part one. RESULTS: Two years after CABG, quality of life (QOL) in patients was significantly improved in all sections compared to preoperative period...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765261/burden-of-child-and-adolescent-obesity-on-health-services-in-england
#9
Russell M Viner, Sanjay Kinra, Dasha Nicholls, Tim Cole, Anthony Kessel, Deborah Christie, Billy White, Helen Croker, Ian C K Wong, Sonia Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the numbers of obese children and young people (CYP) eligible for assessment and management at each stage of the childhood obesity pathway in England. DESIGN: Pathway modelling study, operationalising the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance on childhood obesity management against national survey data. SETTING: Data on CYP aged 2-18 years from the Health Survey for England 2006 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical obesity (body mass index (BMI) >98th centile), extreme obesity (BMI ≥99...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760096/collaborative-care-for-mental-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-who-health-systems-framework-assessment-of-three-programs
#10
Bibhav Acharya, Maria Ekstrand, Pragya Rimal, Mohammed K Ali, Sikhar Swar, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Viswanathan Mohan, Jürgen Unützer, Lydia A Chwastiak
The collaborative care model is an evidence-based intervention for behavioral and other chronic conditions that has the potential to address the large burden of mental illness globally. Using the World Health Organization Health Systems Framework, the authors present challenges in implementing this model in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and discuss strategies to address these challenges based on experiences with three large-scale programs: an implementation research study in a district-level government hospital in rural Nepal, one clinical trial in 50 primary health centers in rural India, and one study in four diabetes clinics in India...
August 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754430/glycemic-control-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-home-dwelling-primary-care-patients-with-diabetes
#11
Anna-Kaisa Aro, Merja Karjalainen, Miia Tiihonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Juha Saltevo, Maija Haanpää, Pekka Mäntyselkä
AIMS: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and functional capacity in relation to glycemic control among older home-dwelling primary care patients. METHODS: Electronic patient records were used to identify 527 people over 65 years with diabetes. Of these, 259 randomly selected subjects were invited to a health examination and 172 of them attended and provided complete data. The participants were divided into three groups based on the HbA1c: good (HbA1c<48mmol/mol (N=95)), intermediate (HbA1c 48-57mmol/mol (N=48)) and poor (HbA1c>57mmol/mol (N=29)) glycemic control...
July 25, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750122/vision-related-functional-burden-of-diabetic-retinopathy-across-severity-levels-in-the-united-states
#12
Jeffrey R Willis, Quan V Doan, Michelle Gleeson, Zdenka Haskova, Pradeep Ramulu, Lawrence Morse, Ronald A Cantrell
Importance: Among adults with diabetes in the United States, severe forms of diabetic retinopathy (DR) are significantly associated with a greater vision-related functional burden. Objective: To assess the functional burden of DR across severity levels in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study was based on 1004 participants 40 years or older with diabetes and valid ocular and sociodemographic outcomes in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANESs) (2005-2006 and 2007-2008)...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740845/perspectives-on-a-us-mexico-border-community-s-diabetes-and-health-care-access-mobilization-efforts-and-comparative-analysis-of-community-health-needs-over-12%C3%A2-years
#13
Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales, Jill Eileen Guernsey de Zapien, Jean Chang, Maia Ingram, Maria L Fernandez, Scott C Carvajal, Lisa K Staten
This paper describes a community coalition-university partnership to address health needs in an underserved US-Mexico border, community. For approximately 15 years, this coalition engaged in community-based participatory research with community organizations, state/local health departments, and the state's only accredited college of public health. Notable efforts include the systematic collection of health-relevant data 12 years apart and data that spawned numerous health promotion activities. The latter includes specific evidence-based chronic disease-preventive interventions, including one that is now disseminated and replicated in Latino communities in the US and Mexico, and policy-level changes...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729097/post-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infection-surveillance-using-an-online-database-and-mobile-phone-technology
#14
Eliana Castillo, Corrine McIsaac, Bhreagh MacDougall, Douglas Wilson, Rosemary Kohr
BACKGROUND: Obstetric surgical site infections (SSIs) are common and expensive to the health care system but remain under reported given shorter postoperative hospital stays and suboptimal post-discharge surveillance systems. SSIs, for the purpose of this paper, are defined according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (1999) as infection incurring within 30 days of the operative procedure (in this case, Caesarean section [CS]). PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the feasibility of real-life use of a patient driven SSIs post-discharge surveillance system consisting of an online database and mobile phone technology (surgical mobile app - how2trak) among women undergoing CS in a Canadian urban centre...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724511/apps-for-health-related-education-in-pharmacy-practice-needs-assessment-survey-among-patients-within-a-large-metropolitan-area
#15
Sean M Mirk, Nicole Marie Wegrzyn
BACKGROUND: Patient education resources are crucial to the effectiveness of prescribed pharmacotherapy. However, user interest and patient preference for these materials is lacking. Regardless of the field, nearly every article on designing mHealth apps references the lack of end-user involvement as a key flaw to sustainable design. The traditional paper-based methods of patient education are difficult to tailor to a patient's specific needs and learning styles, but a customizable app might be beneficial...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721593/public-policies-and-interventions-for-diabetes-in-latin-america-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Elizabeth Kaselitz, Gurpreet K Rana, Michele Heisler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Successful interventions are needed to diagnose and manage type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Latin America, a region that is experiencing a significant rise in rates of T2DM. Complementing an earlier review exploring diabetes prevention efforts in Latin America, this scoping review examines the literature on (1) policies and governmental programs intended to improve diabetes diagnosis and treatment in Latin America and (2) interventions to improve diabetes management in Latin America...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692830/usability-and-clinical-efficacy-of-diabetes-mobile-applications-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Helen Fu, Siobhan K McMahon, Cynthia R Gross, Terrence J Adam, Jean F Wyman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usability and clinical effectiveness of diabetes mobile applications (diabetes apps) developed for adults with type 2 diabetes. METHOD: A systematic review of the usability and effectiveness of diabetes apps was conducted. Searches were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, COMPENDEX, and IEEE XPLORE for articles published from January 1, 2011, to January 17, 2017. Search terms included: diabetes, mobile apps, and mobile health (mHealth). RESULTS: The search yielded 723 abstracts of which seven usability studies and ten clinical effectiveness studies met the inclusion criteria from 20 publications...
June 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690088/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-estimate-the-effect-of-mobile-screening-and-treatment-feedback-on-hba1c-and-diabetes-related-complications-in-tshwane-primary-health-care-clinics-south-africa
#18
Elizabeth Melanie Webb, Paul Rheeder
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Our study had two primary objectives. The first was to evaluate the effect of an expert review with an individualised patient management plan on change in HbA1c. The second was to determine whether a mobile screening unit would increase the proportion of patients screened for glycaemic and lipid control, as well as diabetic complications as compared to the standard guideline-driven clinic care. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomised trial and enrolled 599 diabetic patients from twelve primary health care clinics in the Tshwane district of South Africa...
July 6, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689028/applying-re-aim-to-evaluate-two-community-based-programs-designed-to-improve-access-to-eye-care-for-those-at-high-risk-for-glaucoma
#19
Saloni Sapru, Jennifer Berktold, John E Crews, L Jay Katz, Lisa Hark, Christopher A Girkin, Cynthia Owsley, Brittney Francis, Jinan B Saaddine
INTRODUCTION: Glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness in the U.S. Risk factors include African American race, older age, family history of glaucoma, and diabetes. This paper describes the evaluation of a mobile eye health and a telemedicine program designed to improve access to eye care among people at high-risk for glaucoma. METHODS: The RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) evaluation framework was used to harmonize indicators...
June 21, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682800/advances-in-psychological-interventions-for-lifestyle-disorders-overview-of-interventions-in-cardiovascular-disorder-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Paulomi M Sudhir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review examines the recent advances in psychological interventions for two major lifestyle disorders in adults namely, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. The review summarizes findings from studies carried out between the years 2015 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: The effectiveness of psychological interventions in the management of lifestyle disorders has been examined with respect to adaptation, self-care, adherence, negative emotions and improving quality of life...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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