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Pediatric anxiety scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659416/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-to-promote-psychological-well-being-in-critically-ill-children-soothing-through-touch-reading-and-music
#1
Janet E Rennick, Robyn Stremler, Linda Horwood, Marilyn Aita, Tanya Lavoie, Annette Majnemer, Marie Antonacci, Alyssa Knox, Evelyn Constantin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility and acceptability of a PICU Soothing intervention using touch, reading, and music. DESIGN: Nonblinded, pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The PICU and medical-surgical wards of one Canadian pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty PICU patients age 2-14 years old and their parents, randomized to an intervention group (n = 10) or control group (n = 10). INTERVENTION: PICU Soothing consisted of: 1) parental comforting (touch and reading), followed by 2) a quiet period with music via soft headbands, administered once daily throughout hospitalization...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651505/the-role-of-psychiatric-status-on-pediatric-extremity-fractures-a-prospective-analysis
#2
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yilmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Berhan Bayram, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and depression with pediatric extremity fractures. METHODS: Between November 2014 and November 2016, consecutive 138 patients with pediatric extremity fractures were prospectively investigated in terms of the tendency to anxiety, depression, or ADHD in the study group. Consecutive 168 non-trauma patients who were admitted to general pediatrics outpatient clinic were included the control group...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608436/dental-anxiety-among-israeli-postgraduate-pediatric-dental-students-and-their-instructors
#3
Sigalit Blumer, Diana Ram, Liora Costa, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: To measure the dental anxiety levels of post-graduate pediatric dental students (PGS) and their instructors, and their ranking of the most anxiety provoking situations in the dental situation; to investigate gender differences with regard to dental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four PGS and 31 of their instructors completed a three-section questionnaire on socio demographic information, dental anxiety scale (DAS) and dental fear survey (DFS). RESULTS: The overall mean DAS and DFS scores were similar for both groups...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607844/rms-tactile-scale-an-innovative-tactile-anxiety-scale-for-visually-impaired-children
#4
Raghavendra M Shetty, Trisha R Gadekar
Introduction: Behavior guidance is considered to be the backbone of pediatric dentistry which differentiates us from the other fields in dental sciences. Anxiety and fear being the primary concern in pediatric patients, has to be taken into consideration for the visually impaired children too. In the present study, an innovative anxiety scale RMS tactile scale (RMS-TS) was designed for the visually impaired children. Introducing newer concept other than Braille in the dental clinic for such patients can help in coping up and bringing out positive behavior in the special children...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606015/avoidant-coping-moderates-the-relationship-between-paternal-involvement-in-the-child-s-type-1-diabetes-t1d-care-and-parenting-stress
#5
Ashley Teasdale, Christine Limbers
Fathers may experience greater parenting stress and anxiety when they are more involved in their child's type 1 diabetes (T1D) care. The present study evaluated whether seeking social support and avoidant coping strategies moderate the relationship between paternal involvement in the child's T1D care and parenting stress in an international sample. Two hundred forty-nine fathers of young children with T1D completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP), Dads' Active Disease Support scale (DADS), COPE Inventory, Self-Care Inventory (SCI-R), and a demographic questionnaire online...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601276/the-effect-of-a-hypnotic-based-animated-video-on-stress-and-pain-reduction-in-pediatric-surgery
#6
Zahi Arnon, Hosari Hanan, Jorge Mogilner
Presurgical stress and its negative influences on postsurgical recovery and pain are well documented in the medical literature. Hence, the reduction of stress is advisable. The present study aimed to reduce stress using a hypnotic-based animated video. Thirty children aged 3 to 16 years hospitalized for ambulatory surgery for undescended testes or umbilical/inguinal hernia were recruited for the study. They watched the video 1 time prior to surgery in the presence of their parents and reported their anxiety and pain pre- and postvideo watching on a visual analogue scale...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560837/predictors-of-long-term-psychosocial-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prior-concussions
#7
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560377/placebo-controlled-crossover-assessment-of-mecasermin-for-the-treatment-of-rett-syndrome
#8
Heather M O'Leary, Walter E Kaufmann, Katherine V Barnes, Kshitiz Rakesh, Kush Kapur, Daniel C Tarquinio, Nicole G Cantwell, Katherine J Roche, Suzanne A Rose, Alexandra C Walco, Natalie M Bruck, Grace A Bazin, Ingrid A Holm, Mark E Alexander, Lindsay C Swanson, Lauren M Baczewski, Juan M Mayor Torres, Charles A Nelson, Mustafa Sahin
Objective: To measure the efficacy of mecasermin (recombinant human insulin-like growth factor 1, rhIGF-1), for treating symptoms of Rett syndrome (RTT) in a pediatric population using a double-blind crossover study design. Methods: Thirty girls with classic RTT in postregression stage were randomly assigned to placebo or rhIGF-1 in treatment period 1 and crossed over to the opposite assignment for period 2 (both 20 weeks), separated by a 28-week washout period...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557601/sedation-and-analgesia-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units-in-argentina
#9
Pedro Taffarel, German Bonetto, Facundo Jorro Barón, Claudia Meregalli
INTRODUCTION: Children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are exposed to experiencing pain, stress and anxiety due to their disease, treatment or care setting. Adequate sedation and analgesia are key to their care, particularly in patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the usual practice in sedation and analgesia management in patients requiring MV in PICUs in Argentina. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, multi-center study conducted by means of e-mailed surveys...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538358/prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-on-imprinted-gene-expression-in-placenta-and-infant-neurodevelopment-and-growth
#10
Julia F Litzky, Maya A Deyssenroth, Todd M Everson, Barry M Lester, Luca Lambertini, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy have been associated with impaired fetal growth and neurodevelopmental. Because placental imprinted genes play a central role in fetal development and respond to environmental stressors, we hypothesized that imprinted gene expression would be affected by prenatal depression and anxiety. METHODS: Placental gene expression was compared between mothers with prenatal depression and/or anxiety/obsessive compulsive disorder/panic and control mothers without psychiatric history (n=458) in the Rhode Island Child Health Study...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538188/characteristics-of-treatment-decisions-to-address-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Julia S Anixt, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Halley Estridge, Laura Smith, William B Brinkman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of treatment decisions to address challenging behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Parents of children aged 4 to 15 years with ASD seen in a developmental behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic completed validated measures to characterize their child's behaviors and their own level of stress. Parents reported their treatment priority before the visit. During the visit, we assessed shared decision making (SDM) using the Observing Patient Involvement (OPTION) scale and alignment of the clinician's treatment plan with the parent's priority...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502766/psychometric-properties-of-the-fear-of-progression-questionnaire-for-parents-of-children-with-cancer-fop-q-sf-pr
#12
Katharina Clever, Florian Schepper, Thomas Pletschko, Peter Herschbach, Holger Christiansen, Julia Martini
OBJECTIVE: Psychometric properties of the Fear of Progression Questionnaire - Short Form (FoP-Q-SF) were shown to be good in samples of adult cancer patients and their partners but have so far not been investigated in parents of children with cancer. This study therefore aimed to examine psychometric properties of the previously adapted parent version of the Fear of Progression Questionnaire (FoP-Q-SF/PR) in pediatric oncology. METHODS: N=181 parents (119 mothers, 62 fathers) of n=128 children with diverse cancer entities, up to ten years after diagnosis were recruited at six hospitals and six registered parent associations in Germany and Austria between 06/2015 and 05/2016 (cross-sectional design)...
April 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491717/projector-based-virtual-reality-dome-environment-for-procedural-pain-and-anxiety-in-young-children-with-burn-injuries-a-pilot-study
#13
Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Johanne Déry, David Paquin, Jean-Simon Fortin, Isabelle Perreault, David R Labbe, Hunter G Hoffman, Stéphane Bouchard, Sylvie LeMay
Background: Virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method to distract from pain during painful procedures. However, it was never tested in young children with burn injuries undergoing wound care. Aim: We aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study process and the use of VR for procedural pain management. Methods: From June 2016 to January 2017, we recruited children from 2 months to 10 years of age with burn injuries requiring a hydrotherapy session in a pediatric university teaching hospital in Montreal...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483054/the-utility-of-the-modified-yale-preoperative-anxiety-scale-for-predicting-success-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-mri-without-the-use-of-anesthesia
#14
Arlyne Thung, Dmitry Tumin, Joshua C Uffman, Joseph D Tobias, Tricia Buskirk, Whitney Garrett, Arleen Karczewski, Haleh Saadat
PURPOSE: MRI is a common modality for diagnostic imaging. In children, general anesthesia is often required to complete MRI examinations. Simulation training can reduce the need for anesthesia in some children. Reliable screening tools to select who could benefit from practice MRI sessions are lacking. This study evaluates the use of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale (mYPAS) in effectively identifying patients who may benefit from simulation-based training. METHODS: Children aged 5 and older who were originally scheduled for MRI with anesthesia in 2015 to 2016 were prospectively recruited for simulation-based training...
February 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440813/anxiety-and-depression-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#15
Azad Rahmani, Arman Azadi, Vahid Pakpour, Safieh Faghani, Ebrahim Ali Afsari
Context: Parents of children with cancer are experiencing high levels of psychological distress. Elevated levels of depression and anxiety following the disclosure of diagnosis affect many aspects of parents' health. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess anxiety and depression of parents of Iranian children with cancer. Settings and Design: This descriptive-correlational study was undertaken among 148 parents of children with cancer admitted to a pediatric hospital affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz/Iran...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416346/prediction-of-emergence-agitation-using-withdrawal-reaction-following-rocuronium-injection-in-preschool-aged-patients-undergoing-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-preliminary-exploratory-observational-trial
#16
Dae Hee Kim, Go Un Roh, Young Bok Lee, Chang Ik Choi, Jae Moon Lee, Yun Jeong Chae
Purpose: The development of emergence agitation (EA) is associated with several factors including age, preoperative anxiety, postoperative pain, anesthesia method, and surgery type. No studies have investigated whether the withdrawal reaction following rocuronium injection can predict the occurrence of EA. Therefore, we investigated this relationship in preschool-aged children undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy, and which grade of withdrawal reaction is appropriate for identifying patients at risk of experiencing EA...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#17
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403222/insulin-syringe-a-gimmick-in-pediatric-dentistry
#18
Gurpreet Kour, Updesh Masih, Chanchal Singh, Manvi Srivastava, Priti Yadav, Jagriti Kushwah
Aim: The management of pain and anxiety in dentistry encompasses a number of procedural issues, including the delivery of anesthetic solution. One of the most important ways to manage the behavior of children is pain control. Trypanophobia is very common among dental patients and the most important goal of guidelines on behavior guidance for pediatric dental patient is to ease fear and anxiety in dental procedures in children. For the stated reasons, the purpose of the present study was to record child's pain sensation both objectively and subjectively while receiving dental local anesthesia using conventional syringes and diabetic needles...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379563/the-relationship-of-parental-pain-catastrophizing-with-parents-reports-of-children-s-anxiety-depression-and-headache-severity
#19
Ghazale Akbarzadeh, Hojjat Daniali, Mohsen Javdzadh, Line Caes, Seyran Ranjbar, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: Parental pain catastrophizing is a construct recognized to have a significant impact on experience of pain in both children and parents. This research aimed to investigate the probable relationship of parental pain catastrophizing with the parent's reports of children's anxiety, depression and headache severity amongst Iranian parents of children with chronic or recurrent headache. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in 2015-16, in two pediatric neurological centers located in Tehran, Iran; with a convenience sampling method and 212 parents (120 mothers and 92 fathers) of 132 children with a chronic or recurrent headache (migraine and tension-type)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368109/-quality-of-life-of-parents-of-children-suffering-from-pediatric-malignancies-in-a-low-income-setting
#20
Vibha Sanjay Bafna, Tanvi Ajay Bafna, Abhilasha Sampagar, Sunita Raman Rupavataram
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of pediatric malignancies on quality of life (QOL) and psychological status of parents and to correlate it with well-matched controls and socioeconomic status. METHODS: A prospective comparative cross-sectional study was conducted. Seventy parents of children diagnosed with pediatric malignancies within the last three months were enrolled in the study group (SG) and 50 matched parents of healthy children as the control group (CG)...
January 25, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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