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Pediatric anxiety scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440813/anxiety-and-depression-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#1
Azad Rahmani, Arman Azadi, Vahid Pakpour, Safieh Faghani, Ebrahim Ali Afsari
Context: Parents of children with cancer are experiencing high levels of psychological distress. Elevated levels of depression and anxiety following the disclosure of diagnosis affect many aspects of parents' health. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess anxiety and depression of parents of Iranian children with cancer. Settings and Design: This descriptive-correlational study was undertaken among 148 parents of children with cancer admitted to a pediatric hospital affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz/Iran...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416346/prediction-of-emergence-agitation-using-withdrawal-reaction-following-rocuronium-injection-in-preschool-aged-patients-undergoing-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-preliminary-exploratory-observational-trial
#2
Dae Hee Kim, Go Un Roh, Young Bok Lee, Chang Ik Choi, Jae Moon Lee, Yun Jeong Chae
Purpose: The development of emergence agitation (EA) is associated with several factors including age, preoperative anxiety, postoperative pain, anesthesia method, and surgery type. No studies have investigated whether the withdrawal reaction following rocuronium injection can predict the occurrence of EA. Therefore, we investigated this relationship in preschool-aged children undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy, and which grade of withdrawal reaction is appropriate for identifying patients at risk of experiencing EA...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#3
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403222/insulin-syringe-a-gimmick-in-pediatric-dentistry
#4
Gurpreet Kour, Updesh Masih, Chanchal Singh, Manvi Srivastava, Priti Yadav, Jagriti Kushwah
Aim: The management of pain and anxiety in dentistry encompasses a number of procedural issues, including the delivery of anesthetic solution. One of the most important ways to manage the behavior of children is pain control. Trypanophobia is very common among dental patients and the most important goal of guidelines on behavior guidance for pediatric dental patient is to ease fear and anxiety in dental procedures in children. For the stated reasons, the purpose of the present study was to record child's pain sensation both objectively and subjectively while receiving dental local anesthesia using conventional syringes and diabetic needles...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379563/the-relationship-of-parental-pain-catastrophizing-with-parents-reports-of-children-s-anxiety-depression-and-headache-severity
#5
Ghazale Akbarzadeh, Hojjat Daniali, Mohsen Javdzadh, Line Caes, Seyran Ranjbar, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: Parental pain catastrophizing is a construct recognized to have a significant impact on experience of pain in both children and parents. This research aimed to investigate the probable relationship of parental pain catastrophizing with the parent's reports of children's anxiety, depression and headache severity amongst Iranian parents of children with chronic or recurrent headache. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in 2015-16, in two pediatric neurological centers located in Tehran, Iran; with a convenience sampling method and 212 parents (120 mothers and 92 fathers) of 132 children with a chronic or recurrent headache (migraine and tension-type)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368109/-quality-of-life-of-parents-of-children-suffering-from-pediatric-malignancies%C3%A2-in-a-low-income-setting
#6
Vibha Sanjay Bafna, Tanvi Ajay Bafna, Abhilasha Sampagar, Sunita Raman Rupavataram
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of pediatric malignancies on quality of life (QOL) and psychological status of parents and to correlate it with well-matched controls and socioeconomic status. METHODS: A prospective comparative cross-sectional study was conducted. Seventy parents of children diagnosed with pediatric malignancies within the last three months were enrolled in the study group (SG) and 50 matched parents of healthy children as the control group (CG)...
January 25, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358158/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-dental-anxiety-open-trial
#7
Shervin Shahnavaz, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Tove Hasselblad, Lena Reuterskiöld, Viktor Kaldo, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based method for treating specific phobias, but access to treatment is difficult, especially for children and adolescents with dental anxiety. Psychologist-guided Internet-based CBT (ICBT) may be an effective way of increasing accessibility while maintaining treatment effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychologist-guided ICBT improves school-aged children's and adolescents' ability to manage dental anxiety by (1) decreasing avoidance and affecting the phobia diagnosis and (2) decreasing the dental fear and increasing the target groups' self-efficacy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319333/an-investigation-of-executive-functioning-in-pediatric-anxiety
#8
Yolanda E Murphy, Anna Luke, Elle Brennan, Sarah Francazio, Isabella Christopher, Christopher A Flessner
Although science's understanding (e.g., etiology, maintaining factors, etc.) of pediatric anxiety and related problems has grown substantially over recent years, several aspects to anxiety in youths remain elusive, particularly with relation to executive functioning. To this end, the current study sought to examine several facets to executive functioning (i.e., cognitive flexibility, inhibition, planning, working memory) within a transdiagnostic sample of youths exhibiting varying degrees of anxiety symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302747/cytokine-chemokine-and-bdnf-levels-in-medication-free-pediatric-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Rukiye Çolak Sivri, Ayhan Bilgiç, İbrahim Kılınç
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the serum levels of IL-12, IL-17, TGFβ, TNF-alpha, sTNFR1, sTNFR2, IL-1β, CCL3, CCL24, CXCL8, and BDNF are associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in medication-free children. A total of 44 (22 boys/22 girls) medication-free children with OCD and 40 (23 boys/17 girls) healthy controls were included in this study. The severity of the OCD symptoms were assessed by the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282168/oral-health-literacy-as-a-predictor-of-dental-anxiety-in-parents-of-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#10
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between parents' dental anxiety (DA) and independent variables. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight dyads of parents and six- to 12-year-old children who were undergoing treatment at a university pediatric dentistry clinic were recruited. Two examiners evaluated parents' DA and oral health literacy (OHL) using the Brazilian version of Corah's dental anxiety scale and the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30), respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277106/factors-associated-with-parents-levels-of-stress-in-pediatric-wards
#11
Spyridoula Tsironi, George Koulierakis
Hospitalization of a child is a stressful experience, increasing parents' anxiety and deteriorating their satisfaction with the health-care services. This study aimed to assess the level of stress that parents of hospitalized children experienced and evaluate the association of parent's stress and satisfaction and identify its predictors. Three hundred and fifty-two parents whose children were hospitalized in two pediatric hospitals were enrolled in the study, from February 2015 to April 2015. The Perceived Stress Scale was used to estimate parental stress and the Pyramid Questionnaire was used for assessing parents' overall satisfaction with care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273891/pedsql-neurofibromatosis-type-1-module-for-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-feasibility-reliability-and-validity
#12
Kavitha Nutakki, James W Varni, Nancy L Swigonski
The objective of the present study was to report on the measurement properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Module for pediatric patients ages 5-25 from the perspectives of patients and parents. The 104-item PedsQL NF1 Module and 23-item PedsQL Generic Core Scales were completed in a multi-site national study by 323 patients and 335 parents (343 families). Patients were diagnosed with NF1 using the National Institutes of Health diagnostic criteria. In addition to a Total Scale Score, 18 unidimensional scales were derived measuring skin itch bother, skin sensations, pain, pain impact, pain management, cognitive functioning, speech, fine motor, balance, vision, perceived physical appearance, communication, worry, treatment anxiety, medicines, stomach discomfort, constipation, and diarrhea...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250653/integrative-clinico-biological-pharmacogenetic-neuroimagistic-neuroendocrinological-and-psychological-correlations-in-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#13
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Daniela Veronica Chiriac, LuminiŢa Ştefania Ageu, Nicoleta Ioana Andreescu, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Roxana Folescu, Ana Cristina Bredicean, Maria Puiu, Elena Cecilia Ildikó Roşca, Mihaela Adriana Simu, Codrina Mihaela Levai
We approach the theme of modern treatment strategies, based on clinico-biological, pharmacogenetic, neuroimagistic, neuroendocrinological and psychological integrative correlations in the management of depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders. We target to evaluate the efficacy of the pharmacogenetic testing and the evolution, functioning of patients in correlation with specific neurobiological, neuroimagistic and neuroendocrinological markers. Our research was conducted between 2010-2016 on 80 children and adolescents with depressive and comorbid anxiety disorders - 40 children (G1 group), who benefited in choosing the pharmacotherapy from pharmacogenetic testing and 40 children without testing (G2 group)...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173738/therapist-reported-features-of-exposure-tasks-that-predict-differential-treatment-outcomes-for-youth-with-anxiety
#14
Tara S Peris, Nicole E Caporino, Sarah O'Rourke, Philip C Kendall, John T Walkup, Anne Marie Albano, R Lindsey Bergman, James T McCracken, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg, Dara Sakolsky, John Piacentini, Scott N Compton
OBJECTIVE: Exposure tasks are recognized widely as a key component of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for child and adolescent anxiety. However, little research has examined specific exposure characteristics that predict outcomes for youth with anxiety and that may guide its application in therapy. METHOD: This study draws on a sample of 279 children and adolescents (48.4% male; 79.6% white) with a principal anxiety disorder who received 14 sessions of CBT, either alone or in combination with medication, through the Child/adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study (CAMS)...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173735/efficacy-and-safety-of-lurasidone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-i-depression-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Melissa P DelBello, Robert Goldman, Debra Phillips, Ling Deng, Josephine Cucchiaro, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar depression. METHOD: Patients 10 to 17 years old with a DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar I depression were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind treatment with flexible doses of lurasidone 20 to 80 mg/day. The primary endpoint was change from baseline to week 6 in the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total score, evaluated by a mixed-model repeated-measures analysis...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167074/effects-of-thermomechanical-stimulation-during-vaccination-on-anxiety-pain-and-satisfaction-in-pediatric-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Roberta E Redfern, John T Chen, Stephanie Sibrel
PURPOSE: Vaccination can be a significant source of pain for pediatric patients, which could result in fear of medical procedures and future reluctance to seek medical care. It is important for nurses to provide pain prevention during these procedures. This study sought to measure the impact of an intervention combining cold and vibration on pain scores during routine pediatric immunization. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of the Buzzy device (thermomechanical stimulation) compared to no intervention (control group) in reducing child-reported pain during routine immunization...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161523/does-acute-propranolol-treatment-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-with-burns
#17
Laura Rosenberg, Marta Rosenberg, Sherri Sharp, Christopher R Thomas, Helen F Humphries, Charles E Holzer, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether acute propranolol treatment prevented posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression in children hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit for large burns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PTSD, anxiety, and depression would be significantly less in the propranolol than nonpropranolol groups. METHODS: Children who had previously participated in a randomized controlled clinical trial of acute propranolol and nonpropranolol controls were invited to participate in long-term follow-up interviews...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119813/school-age-children-s-perception-of-the-hospital-experience
#18
Handan Boztepe, Sevil Çınar, Ayşe Ay
In order to determine the perception of hospital experiences among school-age children's (6-12 years), a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed in 130 children hospitalized in a pediatric hospital with different diagnoses. Data were collected using a pediatric information form, questionnaire form, scale for attitudes towards hospital and healthcare personnel, and sources of anxiety generating thoughts scale (SAGTS). Children's expectations of the nurses were to be well treated (62%), to perform painless procedures (20%), to play games together (12%), to be capable of their job (10%), and to be cheerful (10%)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069107/the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-7-item-scale-in-adolescents-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-signal-detection-and-validation
#19
Sarah A Mossman, Marissa J Luft, Heidi K Schroeder, Sara T Varney, David E Fleck, Drew H Barzman, Richard Gilman, Melissa P DelBello, Jeffrey R Strawn
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients with anxiety disorders, existing symptom inventories are either not freely available or require extensive time and effort to administer. We sought to evaluate a brief self-report scale-the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7)-in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: The Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale (PARS) and the GAD-7 were administered to youth with GAD (confirmed by structured interview)...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065893/neuropsychological-and-internalizing-problems-in-acute-central-nervous-system-infections-a-1-year-follow-up
#20
Bozzola Elena, Bergonzini Paola, Bozzola Mauro, Tozzi Alberto Eugenio, Masci Marco, Rossetti Chiara, Carloni Emanuela, Villani Alberto
BACKGROUND: Acute central nervous system (ACNS) infections such as meningitis, encephalitis and cerebellitis still cause morbidity and mortality among children. The aim of this study was to verify whether neuropsychological impairment may develop in ACNS survivors. METHODS: The study included pediatric patients affected by ACNS disorders, aged 3-16 years admitted to the Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, Rome from June 2013 till June 2015. The patients and their parents underwent a psychological interview and neuropsychological tests during the first week of hospital admission and 1 year after, during a follow-up control...
October 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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