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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098954/use-of-play-therapy-in-nursing-process-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Emel Sezici, Ayse Ferda Ocakci, Hasibe Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Play therapy is a nursing intervention employed in multidisciplinary approaches to develop the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of children. In this study, we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process. DESIGN: A single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled study was undertaken. The design, conduct, and reporting of this study adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088398/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-adolescents-with-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-pilot-cohort-study
#2
Ather Ali, Theresa R Weiss, Anne Dutton, Douglas McKee, Kim D Jones, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, Wendy K Silverman, Eugene D Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for adolescents with widespread chronic pain and other functional somatic symptoms and to make preliminary assessments of its clinical utility. STUDY DESIGN: Three cohorts of subjects completed an 8-week MBSR program. Child- and parent-completed measures were collected at baseline and 8 and 12 weeks later. Measures included the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), the Fibromyalgia/Symptom Impact Questionnaire-Revised (FIQR/SIQR), the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC2), and the Perceived Stress Scale...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042274/effectiveness-of-behavioral-modification-techniques-with-visual-distraction-using-intrasulcular-local-anesthesia-in-hearing-disabled-children-during-pulp-therapy
#3
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Hisham El Batawi
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in combination with visual distraction with/without video eyewear using computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in hearing-impaired pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, crossover clinical study includes 15 children (7 boys and 8 girls), mean age was 6.1 years. Children were randomly distributed into two groups (Group A, n = 7; Group B, n = 8)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033695/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-anxiety-in-children-with-malignancy
#4
Parsa Yousefi Chaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Ali Abdolrazaghnejad, Mohammad Amiri, Mohsen Ebrahimi Monfared, Saghi Fatemi Tabaei
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Anxiety is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. Based on studies, these disorders are more prevalent in some chronic disease. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence of ADHD and anxiety in children with malignancy and anxiety in their parents and comparing the results with those of the control group. One hundred, 3-15-year-old children with malignancy and 100 healthy children without malignancy or any chronic disease were included in this case-control study as case and control groups, respectively...
November 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030517/pain-assessment-in-children-younger-than-8-years-in-out-of-hospital-emergency-medicine-reliability-and-validity-of-evendol-score
#5
Alexandra Beltramini, Michel Galinski, Jean Louis Chabernaud, Ramon Ruiz Almenar, Michael Tsapis, Nathalie Sybille Goddet, Katia Kessous, Bruno Falissard, Elisabeth Fournier-Charrière
OBJECTIVE: Pain in children is underestimated and undertreated in out-of-hospital emergency medicine. In this setting, caregivers need a reliable pain scale, but none has been validated. A single observational pain scale for all children younger than 8 years, EVENDOL, has been validated in emergency pediatric units. We study the feasibility of EVENDOL score in an out-of-hospital emergency setting. METHODS: This prospective multicenter study included all conscious children younger than 8 years transported by a mobile intensive care unit between October 2008 and May 2010...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006891/the-efficacy-of-nasal-tip-hold-press-on-venous-cannulation-pain-in-children-a-prospective-randomize-controlled-study
#6
Behzad Maghsoudi, Mehrdad Jookar, Hosein Haddad, Zahra Zoonobi, Mahnaz Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Venipuncture is a common and quiet unpleasant experience for pediatric patients. The pain associated with venous cannulation disturbs the children. Different methods have been used to minimize the pain. The present study evaluated the efficacy of holding and pressing the tip of the nose on the venipuncture pain in pediatric patients. METHODS: A prospective randomize controlled study carried out using the Visual analogue scale (YAS) for assessment cannulation pain and the Yale preoperative anxiety scale (YPAS) for the assessment of anxiety before cannulation...
December 22, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992027/music-listening-for-anxiety-relief-in-children-in-the-preoperative-period-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Mariana André Honorato Franzoi, Cristina Bretas Goulart, Elizabete Oliveira Lara, Gisele Martins
Objective: to investigate the effects of music listening, for 15 minutes, on the preoperative anxiety levels in children undergoing elective surgery in comparison with conventional pediatric surgical care. Method: randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study with 52 children in the preoperative period, aged 3 to 12 years, undergoing elective surgery and randomly allocated in the experimental group (n = 26) and control group (n = 26). Anxiety was assessed in both groups by the application of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and measurement of the physiological variables, upon arrival and 15 minutes after the first measurement...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966019/fear-of-clowns-in-hospitalized-children-prospective-experience
#8
Noam Meiri, Zeev Schnapp, Amichi Ankri, Itay Nahmias, Amnon Raviv, Omer Sagi, Mohamad Hamad Saied, Muriel Konopnicki, Giora Pillar
: Medical clowns (MC) have become an integral part of the pediatric staff of hospital wards. While several studies have demonstrated the huge benefits of MC, there are almost no data regarding fear of clowns, a known phenomenon that means an irrational fear of clowns. In the current study, we sought to examine the prevalence of fear of clowns in pediatrics wards, and to characterize the affected children. The clinical work of three certified MCs was prospectively assessed. Every child with fear of clowns was noted, data were retrieved from the medical records, and the parents/child completed a specific questionnaire with a research assistant...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935443/acceptability-and-tolerability-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#9
Julia Woo, Jennifer Couturier, Bharadwaj Pindiprolu, Lindsay Picard, Charlotte Maertens, Anick Leclerc, Sheri Findlay, Natasha Johnson, Christina Grant, Melissa Kimber
The objective of this study was to examine the acceptability and tolerability of omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunctive treatment for children and adolescents with eating disorders (EDs). Children and adolescents with EDs received omega-3 supplements (300 mg eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and 200 mg docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]/day) in addition to standard treatment for 8 weeks. Primary outcomes were dropout rate, compliance, and side effects. Secondary outcomes included percent ideal body weight, Eating Disorders Inventory-3 (EDI-3), Children's Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2), and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC)...
December 9, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849239/importance-of-the-use-of-protocols-for-the-management-of-analgesia-and-sedation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#10
Emiliana Motta, Michele Luglio, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Introduction: Analgesia and sedation are essential elements in patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU), in order to promote the control of pain, anxiety and agitation, prevent the loss of devices, accidental extubation, and improve the synchrony of the patient with mechanical ventilation. However, excess of these medications leads to rise in morbidity and mortality. The ideal management will depend on the adoption of clinical and pharmacological measures, guided by scales and protocols...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805260/can-subsyndromal-manifestations-of-major-depression-be-identified-in-children-at-risk
#11
M Uchida, M Fitzgerald, K Lin, N Carrellas, H Woodworth, J Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with major depression are at significantly increased risk for developing major depression themselves; however, not all children at genetic risk will develop major depressive disorder (MDD). We investigated the utility of subsyndromal scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Anxiety/Depression scale in identifying children at the highest risk for pediatric MDD from among the pool of children of parents with MDD or bipolar disorder. METHOD: The sample was derived from two previously conducted longitudinal case-control family studies of psychiatrically and pediatrically referred youth and their families...
February 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774600/characteristics-of-tinnitus-in-adolescents-and-association-with-psychoemotional-factors
#12
So Young Kim, Yung Jin Jeon, Jun-Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The characteristics and underlying mechanisms of tinnitus remain more elusive in the pediatric population than in adults. We investigated the prevalence of tinnitus, its characteristics, and associated factors, with a focus on psychoemotional problems in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: In total, 962 adolescents were surveyed for tinnitus and possibly related otologic and socioeconomic factors. The participants completed a visual analog scale (VAS) pertaining to various aspects of tinnitus, as well as the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), State Anxiety Inventory for Children, Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (TAIC), Internet Addiction Test, Conners' Abbreviated Parent Rating Scale, and a learning disability score...
October 24, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770232/the-parenting-anxious-kids-ratings-scale-parent-report-pakrs-pr-initial-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#13
Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
October 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759954/the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-italian-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-caregivers
#14
Paola Catastini, Serena Di Marco, Maria Furriolo, Carmela Genovese, Alessia Grande, Eugenia Iacinti, Danila Rosa Iusco, Rita Maria Vittoria Nobili, Rita Pescini, Roberto Ragni, Roberto Randazzo, Cristiana Risso, Paola Tabarini, Cesare Braggion, Salvatore De Masi, Kathleen S McGreevy
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis, like other chronic diseases, is a risk factor for the development of elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Italian patients with CF and their parents. METHODS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaires were administered to a sample of patients and their parents recruited at the cystic fibrosis centers in Italy...
December 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692987/neurocognitive-function-in-children-with-primary-hypertension
#15
Marc B Lande, Donald L Batisky, Juan C Kupferman, Joshua Samuels, Stephen R Hooper, Bonita Falkner, Shari R Waldstein, Peter G Szilagyi, Hongyue Wang, Jennifer Staskiewicz, Heather R Adams
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurocognitive test performance of children with primary hypertension with that of normotensive controls. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five children (10-18 years of age) with newly diagnosed, untreated hypertension and 75 frequency-matched normotensive controls had baseline neurocognitive testing as part of a prospective multicenter study of cognition in primary hypertension. Subjects completed tests of general intelligence, attention, memory, executive function, and processing speed...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665376/psychiatric-dimensions-in-mothers-of-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-a-controlled-study
#16
Onur Durmaz, Serkan Kemer, Tuba Mutluer, Elif Bütün
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) is not fully understood, but multifactorial factors have been associated with PNE. Parental factors, including attitudes to PNE, disciplinary behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidities in parents have been related to etiology of PNE, outcomes and the quality of life in children with enuresis. OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychopathology in mothers of children diagnosed with monosymptomatic PNE(MoPNE) compared with mothers of non-enuretic children (MoNEC) in terms of personality characteristics, early traumatic experiences, and psychiatric symptom evaluation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645708/psychosocial-health-and-quality-of-life-among-children-with-cardiac-diagnoses-agreement-and-discrepancies-between-parent-and-child-reports
#17
Bhavika J Patel, Lillian Lai, Gary Goldfield, Renee Sananes, Patricia E Longmuir
Psychosocial health issues are common among children with cardiac diagnoses. Understanding parent and child perceptions is important because parents are the primary health information source. Significant discrepancies have been documented between parent/child quality-of-life data but have not been examined among psychosocial diagnostic instruments. This study examined agreement and discrepancies between parent and child reports of psychosocial health and quality of life in the paediatric cardiology population...
September 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639531/childhood-irritable-bowel-syndrome-characteristics-are-related-to-both-sex-and-pubertal-development
#18
Bruno P Chumpitazi, Erica M Weidler, Danita I Czyzewski, Mariella M Self, Margaret Heitkemper, Robert J Shulman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of both pubertal development and sex to childhood irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) clinical characteristics including gastrointestinal symptoms (eg, abdominal pain) and psychological factors. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with children ages 7-17 years (n = 143) with a pediatric Rome III IBS diagnosis recruited from both primary and tertiary clinics between January 2009 and January 2014. Subjects completed 14-day prospective pain and stool diaries, as well as validated questionnaires assessing several psychological factors (somatization, depression, anxiety) and Tanner stage...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630952/pro-activeness-of-parents-in-accepting-behavior-management-techniques-a-cross-sectional-evaluative-study
#19
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625485/comparison-of-preanesthetic-sedation-in-pediatric-patients-with-oral-and-intranasal-midazolam
#20
Purvashree Vijay Deshmukh, Sadhana Sudhir Kulkarni, Mukund Kachru Parchandekar, Sneha Purshottam Sikchi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Preoperative anxiety in children leading to postoperative negative changes and long-term behavioral problems needs better preanesthetic sedation. Across the world, midazolam is the most commonly used premedicant in pediatric patients. The fact that no single route has achieved universal acceptance for its administration suggests that each route has its own merits and demerits. This study compares oral midazolam syrup and intranasal midazolam spray as painless and needleless systems of drug administration for preanesthetic sedation in children...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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