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Pediatric anxiety scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849239/importance-of-the-use-of-protocols-for-the-management-of-analgesia-and-sedation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#1
Emiliana Motta, Michele Luglio, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Introduction: Analgesia and sedation are essential elements in patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU), in order to promote the control of pain, anxiety and agitation, prevent the loss of devices, accidental extubation, and improve the synchrony of the patient with mechanical ventilation. However, excess of these medications leads to rise in morbidity and mortality. The ideal management will depend on the adoption of clinical and pharmacological measures, guided by scales and protocols...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805260/can-subsyndromal-manifestations-of-major-depression-be-identified-in-children-at-risk
#2
M Uchida, M Fitzgerald, K Lin, N Carrellas, H Woodworth, J Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with major depression are at significantly increased risk for developing major depression themselves; however, not all children at genetic risk will develop major depressive disorder (MDD). We investigated the utility of subsyndromal scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Anxiety/Depression scale in identifying children at the highest risk for pediatric MDD from among the pool of children of parents with MDD or bipolar disorder. METHOD: The sample was derived from two previously conducted longitudinal case-control family studies of psychiatrically and pediatrically referred youth and their families...
November 2, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774600/characteristics-of-tinnitus-in-adolescents-and-association-with-psychoemotional-factors
#3
So Young Kim, Yung Jin Jeon, Jun-Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The characteristics and underlying mechanisms of tinnitus remain more elusive in the pediatric population than in adults. We investigated the prevalence of tinnitus, its characteristics, and associated factors, with a focus on psychoemotional problems in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study METHODS: In total, 962 adolescents were surveyed for tinnitus and possibly related otologic and socioeconomic factors. The participants completed a visual analog scale (VAS) pertaining to various aspects of tinnitus, as well as the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), State Anxiety Inventory for Children, Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (TAIC), Internet Addiction Test, Conners' Abbreviated Parent Rating Scale, and a learning disability score...
October 24, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770232/the-parenting-anxious-kids-ratings-scale-parent-report-pakrs-pr-initial-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#4
Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
October 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759954/the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-italian-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-caregivers
#5
Paola Catastini, Serena Di Marco, Maria Furriolo, Carmela Genovese, Alessia Grande, Eugenia Iacinti, Danila Rosa Iusco, Rita Maria Vittoria Nobili, Rita Pescini, Roberto Ragni, Roberto Randazzo, Cristiana Risso, Paola Tabarini, Cesare Braggion, Salvatore De Masi, Kathleen S McGreevy
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis, like other chronic diseases, is a risk factor for the development of elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Italian patients with CF and their parents. METHODS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaires were administered to a sample of patients and their parents recruited at the cystic fibrosis centers in Italy...
December 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692987/neurocognitive-function-in-children-with-primary-hypertension
#6
Marc B Lande, Donald L Batisky, Juan C Kupferman, Joshua Samuels, Stephen R Hooper, Bonita Falkner, Shari R Waldstein, Peter G Szilagyi, Hongyue Wang, Jennifer Staskiewicz, Heather R Adams
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurocognitive test performance of children with primary hypertension with that of normotensive controls. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five children (10-18 years of age) with newly diagnosed, untreated hypertension and 75 frequency-matched normotensive controls had baseline neurocognitive testing as part of a prospective multicenter study of cognition in primary hypertension. Subjects completed tests of general intelligence, attention, memory, executive function, and processing speed...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665376/psychiatric-dimensions-in-mothers-of-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-a-controlled-study
#7
Onur Durmaz, Serkan Kemer, Tuba Mutluer, Elif Bütün
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) is not fully understood, but multifactorial factors have been associated with PNE. Parental factors, including attitudes to PNE, disciplinary behaviors, and psychiatric comorbidities in parents have been related to etiology of PNE, outcomes and the quality of life in children with enuresis. OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychopathology in mothers of children diagnosed with monosymptomatic PNE(MoPNE) compared with mothers of non-enuretic children (MoNEC) in terms of personality characteristics, early traumatic experiences, and psychiatric symptom evaluation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645708/psychosocial-health-and-quality-of-life-among-children-with-cardiac-diagnoses-agreement-and-discrepancies-between-parent-and-child-reports
#8
Bhavika J Patel, Lillian Lai, Gary Goldfield, Renee Sananes, Patricia E Longmuir
Psychosocial health issues are common among children with cardiac diagnoses. Understanding parent and child perceptions is important because parents are the primary health information source. Significant discrepancies have been documented between parent/child quality-of-life data but have not been examined among psychosocial diagnostic instruments. This study examined agreement and discrepancies between parent and child reports of psychosocial health and quality of life in the paediatric cardiology population...
September 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639531/childhood-irritable-bowel-syndrome-characteristics-are-related-to-both-sex-and-pubertal-development
#9
Bruno P Chumpitazi, Erica M Weidler, Danita I Czyzewski, Mariella M Self, Margaret Heitkemper, Robert J Shulman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of both pubertal development and sex to childhood irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) clinical characteristics including gastrointestinal symptoms (eg, abdominal pain) and psychological factors. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with children ages 7-17 years (n = 143) with a pediatric Rome III IBS diagnosis recruited from both primary and tertiary clinics between January 2009 and January 2014. Subjects completed 14-day prospective pain and stool diaries, as well as validated questionnaires assessing several psychological factors (somatization, depression, anxiety) and Tanner stage...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630952/pro-activeness-of-parents-in-accepting-behavior-management-techniques-a-cross-sectional-evaluative-study
#10
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625485/comparison-of-preanesthetic-sedation-in-pediatric-patients-with-oral-and-intranasal-midazolam
#11
Purvashree Vijay Deshmukh, Sadhana Sudhir Kulkarni, Mukund Kachru Parchandekar, Sneha Purshottam Sikchi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Preoperative anxiety in children leading to postoperative negative changes and long-term behavioral problems needs better preanesthetic sedation. Across the world, midazolam is the most commonly used premedicant in pediatric patients. The fact that no single route has achieved universal acceptance for its administration suggests that each route has its own merits and demerits. This study compares oral midazolam syrup and intranasal midazolam spray as painless and needleless systems of drug administration for preanesthetic sedation in children...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612457/characterization-treatment-patterns-and-patient-related-outcomes-of-patients-with-fragile-x-syndrome-in-germany-final-results-of-the-observational-explain-fxs-study
#12
Frank Haessler, Franziska Gaese, Michael Huss, Christoph Kretschmar, Marc Brinkman, Helmut Peters, Samuel Elstner, Michael Colla, David Pittrow
BACKGROUND: As data on the phenotype, characteristics and management of patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) are limited, we aimed to collect such data in Germany in experienced centres involved in the treatment of such patients. METHODS: EXPLAIN-FXS is a prospective observational (non-interventional) study (registry) performed between April 2013 and January 2016 at 18 sites in Germany. Requirements for patient participation included confirmed diagnosis of FXS by genetic testing (>200 CGG repeats) and written informed consent...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598458/you-can-t-treat-what-you-don-t-diagnose-an-analysis-of-the-recognition-of-somatic-presentations-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-primary-care
#13
Kristin Gates, Stephen Petterson, Peter Wingrove, Benjamin Miller, Kathleen Klink
Background: Research suggests that 13-25% of primary care patients who present with physical complaints have underlying depression or anxiety. Objective: The goal of this paper is to quantify and compare the frequency of the diagnosis of depression and anxiety in patients with a somatic reason for visit among primary care physicians across disciplines. Method: Data obtained from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) from 2002 to 2010 was used to quantify primary care patients with somatic presentations who were given a diagnosis of depression or anxiety...
September 5, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555179/efficacy-of-premedication-with-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-on-inhalational-induction-and-postoperative-emergence-agitation-in-pediatric-undergoing-cataract-surgery-with-sevoflurane
#14
Yiquan Lin, Ying Chen, Jingxia Huang, Hongbin Chen, Weihua Shen, Wenjun Guo, Qianru Chen, Hongfeng Ling, Xiaoliang Gan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that premedication with a single dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX) could not only reduce preoperative anxiety but also minimize the emergence agitation in children undergoing cataract surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia. DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical comparison study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2 children scheduled for cataract surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541582/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-using-the-vanderbilt-adhd-scale-in-a-diverse-community-outpatient-setting
#15
Nerissa S Bauer, Rachel Yoder, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen M Downs
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric anxiety is prevalent but frequently underdiagnosed compared with other behavioral conditions in primary care practice. Pediatricians routinely screen for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using the Vanderbilt Rating Scale, which includes a short screen for anxiety. We sought to examine the prevalence of potential anxiety among patients whose parents originally had concerns of disruptive behavior in a diverse setting and examine differences in anxiety across ethnic groups using the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS)...
October 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537004/children-s-perioperative-multidimensional-anxiety-scale-cpmas-development-and-validation
#16
Cheryl H T Chow, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Norman Buckley, Louis A Schmidt
Up to 5 million children are affected by perioperative anxiety in North America each year. High perioperative anxiety is predictive of numerous adverse emotional and behavioral outcomes in youth. We developed the Children's Perioperative Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (CPMAS) to address the need for a simple, age-appropriate self-report measure of pediatric perioperative anxiety in busy hospital settings. The CPMAS is a visual analog scale composed of 5 items, each of which is scored from 0-100. The objective of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the CPMAS in children undergoing surgery...
September 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524661/music-interventions-for-improving-psychological-and-physical-outcomes-in-cancer-patients
#17
REVIEW
Joke Bradt, Cheryl Dileo, Lucanne Magill, Aaron Teague
BACKGROUND: Having cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical and social suffering. Music interventions have been used to alleviate symptoms and treatment side effects in cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the effects of music therapy and music medicine interventions for psychological and physical outcomes in people with cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, LILACS, Science Citation Index, CancerLit, CAIRSS, Proquest Digital Dissertations, ClinicalTrials...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502925/lumbar-puncture-simulation-in-pediatric-residency-training-improving-procedural-competence-and-decreasing-anxiety
#18
Hugh J McMillan, Hilary Writer, Katherine A Moreau, Kaylee Eady, Erick Sell, Anna-Theresa Lobos, Jenny Grabowski, Asif Doja
BACKGROUND: Pediatric residents must become proficient with performing a lumbar puncture (LP) during training. Residents have traditionally acquired LP skills by observing the procedure performed by a more senior resident or staff physician and then attempting the procedure themselves. This process can result in variable procedural skill acquisition and trainee discomfort. This study assessed changes in resident procedural skill and self-reported anxiety when residents were provided with an opportunity to participate in an interactive training session and practice LPs using a simulator...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495025/short-term-family-centered-workshop-for-children-with-developmental-delays-enhances-family-functioning-and-satisfaction-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#19
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Huei Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee
We investigated the clinical efficacy on family functioning and parental satisfaction of a short-term family-centered workshop for children with developmental delays.A total of 32 children with developmental delays and their parents participated in 2-hour weekly group therapy sessions over 6 weeks. The workshop was conducted by rehabilitation professionals and teachers using a family-centered multidisciplinary approach. Both before and after the 6-week workshop, the parents were administered the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Family Impact Module, the PedsQL Healthcare Satisfaction Module, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life brief assessment instrument...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468512/depression-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#20
REVIEW
J Kelly Graves, Christopher Hodge, Eufemia Jacob
The relationships among depression, anxiety, and quality of life were tested, as were the effects of age, gender, and pain frequency on these variables in children (n = 44) and adolescents (n = 31) with sickle cell disease. Participants completed the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (ROADS) and the Pediatric Quality of Life (PedQL Generic Model). The mean and standard deviation for summary RCADS scores for the majority of participants were below the clinical thresholds of T < 65, indicating low risk for depression (n = 65; 89...
May 2016: Pediatric Nursing
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