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Pediatric anxiety scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661955/tablet-based-intervention-for-reducing-children-s-preoperative-anxiety-a-pilot-study
#1
Cheryl H T Chow, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Louis A Schmidt, Norman Buckley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and effects of a novel tablet-based application, Story-Telling Medicine (STM), in reducing children's preoperative anxiety. METHODS: Children (N = 100) aged 7 to 13 years who were undergoing outpatient surgery were recruited from a local children's hospital. This study comprised 3 waves: Waves 1 (n = 30) and 2 (n = 30) examined feasibility, and Wave 3 (n = 40) examined the acceptability of STM and compared its effect on preoperative anxiety to Usual Care (UC)...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#2
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632204/successful-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-feeding-aversion-with-mechanistic-insights-from-cross-species-neuronal-remodeling
#3
W G Sharp, A G Allen, K H Stubbs, K K Criado, R Sanders, C E McCracken, R G Parsons, L Scahill, S L Gourley
Pediatric feeding disorders affect up to 5% of children, causing severe food intake problems that can result in serious medical and developmental outcomes. Behavioral intervention (BI) is effective in extinguishing feeding aversions, and also expert-dependent, time/labor-intensive and not well understood at a neurobiological level. Here we first conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing BI with BI plus d-cycloserine (DCS). DCS is a partial N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist shown to augment extinction therapies in multiple anxiety disorders...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620924/childhood-preoperative-anxiolysis-is-sedation-and-distraction-better-than-either-alone-a-prospective-randomized-study
#4
Chrystelle Sola, Audrey Lefauconnier, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Xavier Capdevila, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety management receives special attention in pediatric anesthesia. Different pharmacological and nonpharmacological techniques can be employed. This study was designed to assess three different strategies for childhood preoperative anxiolysis: midazolam premedication, midazolam in combination with portable Digital Video-Disk player, or video distraction strategy alone. METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, children aged 2-12 years were assigned to one of the three study groups...
August 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#5
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620276/an-analysis-of-a-novel-short-term-therapeutic-psychoeducational-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-neurological-illness-and-their-parents-feasibility-and-efficacy
#6
Bonglim Joo, Young-Mock Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Soyong Eom
The purpose of this intervention was to develop a therapeutic psycho-educational program that improves quality of life in children and adolescents who are experiencing chronic neurological illness, including epilepsy, and their parents, and to analyze the intervention's feasibility and efficacy and participants' satisfaction. Participants were eight children (n = 8) and adolescents and their parents; participating children were experiencing chronic neurological illness with psychological comorbidity; children with intellectual impairment were excluded (IQ < 80)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618768/psychosocial-functioning-in-pediatric-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-and-pectus-carinatum
#7
Aliye Tuğba Bahadir, Pınar Kuru Bektaşoğlu, Aylin Çakiroğlu Eser, Ceyda Afacan, Mustafa Yüksel
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum are the most commonly seen anterior chest wall deformities. Recent studies reveal that minimal invasive repair of pectus deformities improves the quality of life. Our aim is to assess the psychosocial functioning and sociodemographic characteristics of pediatric patients with pectus deformities and evaluate the differences between patients operated on with minimal invasive repair techniques and nonoperated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Thirty-two patients with pectus deformities who were operated on 6 months or more before and 31 nonoperated patients participated in the study...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605627/impaired-responsibility-dimension-of-self-esteem-of-brazilian-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#8
Nathália F Siqueira, Fernando L B B Oliveira, Elisabete Abib Pedroso de Souza
This study aimed to compare the self-esteem of Brazilian adolescents with epilepsy and Brazilian adolescents without this condition and the correlations between self-esteem of these adolescents with depression and anxiety symptoms. Study participants were 101 adolescents of both sexes, aged 10-19years old, from elementary and high school education. Fifty patients diagnosed with uncomplicated epilepsy attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital composed the case group. The other fifty-one adolescents without this diagnosis were attending public schools in Campinas-SP region...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595764/food-allergy-and-anxiety-and-depression-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-their-caregivers
#9
Renee D Goodwin, Sandra Rodgin, Rachel Goldman, Juliana Rodriguez, Gabriele deVos, Denise Serebrisky, Jonathan M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between food allergy and symptoms of anxiety and depression among ethnic minority, low socioeconomic status (SES) children and their caregivers. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric patients ages 4-12 years with and without food allergy and their caregivers were recruited from urban pediatric outpatient clinics. Statistical analyses were used to examine the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients and their caregivers with and without food allergy, adjusting for asthma...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578534/instruments-to-measure-anxiety-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Tanya Lazor, Leonie Tigelaar, Jason D Pole, Claire De Souza, Deborah Tomlinson, Lillian Sung
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to describe anxiety measurement instruments used in children and adolescents with cancer or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and summarize their content and psychometric properties. METHODS: We conducted searches of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, HAPI, and CINAHL. We included studies that used at least one instrument to measure anxiety quantitatively in children or adolescents with cancer or undergoing HSCT...
June 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569621/attachment-orientations-and-psychological-adjustment-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer-a-matched-group-comparison
#11
Maria Cusinato, Vincenzo Calvo, Gianni Bisogno, Elisabetta Viscardi, Marta Pillon, Enrico Opocher, Giuseppe Basso, Maria Montanaro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood cancer on parents' adult attachment, social support, marital adjustment, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: 30 parents of children with childhood cancer and 30 matched controls completed the following questionnaires: Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised, Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - form Y, and Beck Depression Inventory. RESULTS: Parents of children with childhood cancer had a significantly lower dyadic adjustment than controls, and higher levels of insecure-avoidant attachment, state anxiety, and depression...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532235/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-paediatric-awareness-questionnaire-for-children-and-adolescents-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Owen Lloyd, Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
There is a lack of validated measures for assessing self-awareness of deficits after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). The current study aimed to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Paediatric Awareness Questionnaire (PAQ), and investigate factors related to self-awareness. The PAQ was administered to 32 children aged 8-16 years with mild to severe TBI (72% male, M age = 11.75, SD = 2.9), their parents, and treating clinicians, and to 32 age- and gender-matched typically developing controls and their parents...
May 23, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492195/evaluation-of-nitrous-oxide-oxygen-and-triclofos-sodium-as-conscious-sedative-agents
#13
Priya Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, Disha Lakhotia
BACKGROUND: Conscious sedation is used in the pediatric dentistry to reduce fear and anxiety in children and promote favorable treatment outcomes. To achieve them, the primary clinical need is for a well-tolerated, effective, and expedient analgesic and sedative agent that is safe to use. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of nitrous oxide-oxygen and triclofos sodium as conscious sedative agents in 5-10-year-old children. METHODOLOGY: Sixty children aged 5-10 years showing anxious, uncooperative, and apprehensive behavior were randomly divided and assigned into two groups (Groups A and B) such that Group A received 40% nitrous oxide-60% oxygen and Group B received triclofos sodium in the dose of 70 mg/kg body weight, given 30 min before the treatment procedure...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492193/effectiveness-of-two-different-behavioral-modification-techniques-among-5-7-year-old-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Aruna Prashanth Vishwakarma, Prashant Arjun Bondarde, Sudha Bhimangouda Patil, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Prashanth Yachrappa Vishwakarma, Shoeb A Mujawar
BACKGROUND: Dental fear is a common, essential, and inevitable emotion that appears as a response to the stressful situation, which raises children's anxiety level, resulting in reduced demand for pediatric dental care. AIMS: (1) To compare and evaluate the effectiveness of customized tell-play-do (TPD) technique with live modeling for behavior management of children. (2) To compare the behavioral modification techniques in managing the children during their dental visits...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490941/effectiveness-of-hypnosis-in-combination-with-conventional-techniques-of-behavior-management-in-anxiety-pain-reduction-during-dental-anesthetic-infiltration
#15
A Ramírez-Carrasco, C Butrón-Téllez Girón, O Sanchez-Armass, M Pierdant-Pérez
Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466619/medical-clowns-and-cortisol-levels-in-children-undergoing-venipuncture-in-the-emergency-department-a-pilot-study
#16
Ayelet Rimon, Shelly Shalom, Ido Wolyniez, Alejandro Gruber, Anita Schachter-Davidov, Miguel Glatstein
BACKGROUND: Medical clowns are increasingly used for diminishing pain and anxiety during painful procedures being performed on children in the hospital setting. Cortisol levels rise as a response to emotional distress. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether medical clown-assisted interventions to reduce child's distress during venipuncture have an effect on cortisol levels. METHODS: During a 1 year period, children requiring blood work or intravenous access in the pediatric emergency department were prospectively randomized to either the presence or absence of a medical clown during the procedure...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460701/effective-management-of-pain-and-anxiety-for-the-pediatric-patient-in-the-emergency-department
#17
REVIEW
Virginia B Young
Inadequate treatment of pain for children in the emergency department is a persistent problem. Health care professionals are bound by ethical principles to provide adequate pain management; in children, this may be challenging owing to cognitive and developmental differences, lack of knowledge regarding best practices, and other barriers. Studies have concluded that immediate assessment, treatment, and reassessment of pain after an intervention are essential. Self-report and behavioral scales are available...
June 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459762/coping-with-staff-burnout-and-work-related-posttraumatic-stress-in-intensive-care
#18
Gillian A Colville, Jared G Smith, Joe Brierley, Kim Citron, Noreen M Nguru, Priyanka D Shaunak, Olivia Tam, Linda Perkins-Porras
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations with symptoms of 1) burnout and 2) work-related posttraumatic stress, in adult and pediatric intensive care staff, focusing on the particular contributions of resilience and coping strategies. DESIGN: Point prevalence cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three adult ICUs and four PICUs. SUBJECTS: Three hundred seventy-seven ICU staff. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Brief Resilience Scale, abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory, Trauma Screening Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459608/the-influence-of-comorbid-asthma-on-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Adrienne P Borschuk, Casey Rodweller, Cynthia F Salorio
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the association between asthma and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a clinical pediatric sample. METHODS: Demographic and neuropsychological data for children with a billing diagnosis of ADHD were extracted from a clinical database. Families completed standard rating scales. Seventy-one patients with a co-morbid asthma diagnosis were identified and matched by age to a group of 71 patients with only ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423145/brief-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
V Robin Weersing, David A Brent, Michelle S Rozenman, Araceli Gonzalez, Megan Jeffreys, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar
Importance: Anxiety and depression affect 30% of youth but are markedly undertreated compared with other mental disorders, especially in Hispanic populations. Objective: To examine whether a pediatrics-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety and depression improves clinical outcome compared with referral to outpatient community mental health care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-center randomized clinical trial with masked outcome assessment conducted between brief behavioral therapy (BBT) and assisted referral to care (ARC) studied 185 youths (aged 8...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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