Read by QxMD icon Read

Airway remodelling

Robert J Hancox, Ian D Pavord, Malcolm R Sears
Eosinophilic inflammation and airway remodelling are characteristic features of asthma, but the association between them is unclear. We assessed associations between blood eosinophils and lung function decline in a population-based cohort of young adults.We used linear mixed models to analyse associations between blood eosinophils and spirometry at 21, 26, 32, and 38 years adjusting for sex, smoking, asthma, and spirometry at age 18. We further analysed associations between mean eosinophil counts and changes in spirometry from ages 21 to 38 years...
March 21, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Tomotaka Kawayama, Takashi Kinoshita, Kazuko Matsunaga, Yoshiko Naito, Jun Sasaki, Yoshikazu Tominaga, Tomoaki Hoshino
Asthma is an allergic disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), reversibility and remodeling. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are effective in many patients with asthma. However, ICS are a controlling, but not but curative treatment, and there are still many patients with refractory and difficult-to-treat asthma. The evaluation of airway inflammation by induced sputum, non-specific AHR by methacholine, and asthmatic reactions by specific allergen challenge techniques are useful not only to investigate the pathogenesis of asthma but also to help develop new drugs for asthma management...
March 16, 2018: Kurume Medical Journal
Jin Tang, Lingying Luo
Pediatric asthma is still a health threat to the pediatric population in recent years. The airway remodeling induced by abnormal airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell proliferation is an important cause of asthma. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of ASM cell proliferation. Numerous studies have reported that miR-20b-5p is a critical regulator for cell proliferation. However, whether miR-20b-5p is involved in regulating ASM cell proliferation remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of miR-20b-5p in regulating the proliferation of fetal ASM cell induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)...
March 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Fabio L M Ricciardolo, Gert Folkerts, Anna Folino, Barbara Mognetti
Bradykinin, a pro-inflammatory molecule, and its related peptides have been studied for their effects on acute reactions in upper and lower airways, where they can be synthesised and metabolized after exposure to different stimuli including allergens and viral infection. Bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors are constitutively expressed in the airways on several residential and/or immune cells. Their expression can also be induced by inflammatory mediators, usually associated with eosinophil and neutrophil recruitment, such as IL-4, IL-13, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8, via intracellular MAPK and NF-κB signalling...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Guang Shi, Jun-Wei Zhao, Xiao-Xu Sun, Jun-Fen Ma, Pan Wang, Fu-Cheng He, Liang Ming
The interaction between inflammatory processes and a hypercoagulant state may aggravate the severity of asthma and stimulate the airway remodeling of asthma. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between the negative inflammatory regulator tumor necrosis factor α induced protein-8 like-2 (TIPE2) and the coagulating substances tissue factor (TF) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in patients with bronchial asthma. Compared with healthy controls, TIPE2 expression was significantly downregulated, whereas TF expression was upregulated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with bronchial asthma...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Gimano D Amatngalim, Jasmijn A Schrumpf, Fernanda Dishchekenian, Tinne C J Mertens, Dennis K Ninaber, Abraham C van der Linden, Charles Pilette, Christian Taube, Pieter S Hiemstra, Anne M van der Does
Research question : It is currently unknown how cigarette smoke-induced airway remodelling affects highly expressed respiratory epithelial defence proteins and thereby mucosal host defence. Methods: Localization of a selected set of highly expressed respiratory epithelial host defence proteins was assessed in well-differentiated primary bronchial epithelial cell (PBEC) cultures. Next, PBEC were cultured at the air-liquid interface and during differentiation for 2-3 weeks daily exposed to whole cigarette smoke...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Dominik Linz, R Doug McEvoy, Martin R Cowie, Virend K Somers, Stanley Nattel, Patrick Lévy, Jonathan M Kalman, Prashanthan Sanders
Importance: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common clinically significant breathing abnormality during sleep. It is highly prevalent among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and it promotes arrhythmogenesis and impairs treatment efficacy. Observations: The prevalence of OSA ranges from 3% to 49% in population-based studies and from 21% to 74% in patients with AF. Diagnosis and treatment of OSA in patients with AF requires a close interdisciplinary collaboration between electrophysiologists, cardiologists, and sleep specialists...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Juan M Reséndiz-Hernández, Ramcés Falfán-Valencia
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are widely documented diseases with an inflammatory component. Asthma is a heterogeneous disorder of the airways that involves chronic inflammation, decline of the airway function and tissue remodeling. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a preventable and treatable disease, which is characterized by persistent limited airflow, and is usually progressive with an increased inflammatory response in the airways. The inflammatory response is evoked by the stimulus of noxious particles and gases...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Junfei Wang, Alen Faiz, Qi Ge, Cornelis J Vermeulen, Joanne Van der Velden, Kenneth J Snibson, Rob van de Velde, Sonia Sawant, Dikaia Xenaki, Brian Oliver, Wim Timens, Nick Ten Hacken, Maarten van den Berge, Alan James, John G Elliot, Liang Dong, Janette K Burgess, Anthony W Ashton
Neovascularization, increased basal membrane thickness and increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) bulk are hallmarks of airway remodelling in asthma. In this study, we examined connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) dysregulation in human lung tissue and animal models of allergic airway disease. Immunohistochemistry revealed that ASM cells from patients with severe asthma (A) exhibited high expression of CTGF, compared to mild and non-asthmatic (NA) tissues. This finding was replicated in a sheep model of allergic airways disease...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Chuanjun Huang, Zewen Zhang, Liuxin Wang, Ju Liu, Xiaodan Gong, Caiqing Zhang
Previous studies have indicated that smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) has a prominent role in the regulation of smooth muscle contraction, which tends to be upregulated in asthma. In recent years, numerous studies have reported that MLCK is intimately connected with the immunoregulatory mechanism of T cells. The imbalance of T helper type 1 cells (Th1)/Th2 constitutes the immune‑associated pathological basis of chronic asthma. Th2‑associated cytokines, including interleukin‑4, ‑5, ‑13, ‑25 and ‑33, are involved in airway inflammation, hyperresponsiveness and remodeling, which leads to a progressive decline in lung function...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xue Zhang, Wuping Bao, Xia Fei, Yingying Zhang, Guoqing Zhang, Xin Zhou, Min Zhang
Airway remodeling is a vital component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite the broad anti-inflammation effects of glucocorticoids, they exhibit relatively little therapeutic benefit in COPD, indicating the accelerating demands of new agents for COPD. We aim to explore the effect of progesterone on airway remodeling in a murine modeling of exposing to ozone and to further examine the potential effect of progesterone on glucocorticoid insensitivity. C57/BL6 mice were exposed to ozone for 12 times over 6 weeks, and were administered with progesterone alone or combined with budesonide (BUD) after each exposure until the 10th week...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Xiuqin Ye, Wei Hong, Binwei Hao, Gongyong Peng, Lingmei Huang, Zhuxiang Zhao, Yumin Zhou, Mengning Zheng, Chenglong Li, Chunxiao Liang, Erkang Yi, Jinding Pu, Bing Li, Pixin Ran
BACKGROUND: The contribution of airway remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been well documented, with airway smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration playing a role in the remodeling process. Here, we aimed to verify the effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on human bronchial smooth muscle cell (HBSMC) migration and to explore the underlying signaling pathways. METHODS: HBSMC apoptosis, proliferation and migration were measured using flow cytometry, cell counting and transwell migration assays, respectively...
March 2, 2018: Respiratory Research
Chih-Ming Weng, Meng-Jung Lee, Jung-Re He, Ming-Wei Chao, Chun-Hua Wang, Han-Pin Kuo
IL-17A is implicated in many aspects of pathogenesis of severe asthma, including inducing neutrophilic inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, steroid insensitivity and airway remodeling. Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) emission from vehicles has been shown to expand Th17 cells to increase IL-17A release that contributes to DEP-mediated exacerbation of asthma severity. It is not known whether non-immune cells in airways may also release IL-17A in response to DEP exposure. In this study, We found IL-17A expression was upregulated in the epithelium of severe allergic asthma patients from high road traffic pollution areas compared to those in low...
February 27, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Stephane Debelleix, Valérie Siao-Him Fa, Hugues Begueret, Patrick Berger, Roger Marthan, Michael Fayon
Asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation leading to airway remodeling (AR). In children, AR may occur very early prior to the age of 6 years. Treatments to prevent or reverse AR are unknown. AIM: We sought to determine (i) whether short allergenic sensitization at a young age in a mouse model may induce enhanced AR and inflammation compared to adults; (ii) the effect of Montelukast on such AR. METHODS: Immature and adult Balb/c mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Jannie M B Sand, Patricia Lamy, Pernille Juhl, Anne Sofie Siebuhr, Line V Iversen, Arkadiusz Nawrocki, Martin R Larsen, Robyn T Domsic, Nathalie Franchimont, Juan Chavez, Morten A Karsdal, Diana J Leeming
Type VII collagen is the main component of the anchoring fibrils connecting the basement membrane to the underlying interstitial matrix. Mutations in the type VII collagen gene cause dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Increased levels of type VII collagen in the skin have been reported in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), whereas reduced levels in the airways have been related to asthma. This indicates that type VII collagen plays an important part in upholding tissue integrity and that its remodeling may lead to pathological states...
March 1, 2018: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
George A Mandelaris, Bradley S DeGroot, Robert Relle, Brian Shah, Iwei Huang, Brian S Vence
Comorbidities that negatively impact orthodontic (malocclusion), periodontal (periodontitis, deficient dentoalveolar bone volume, mucogingival), and prosthetic (structural integrity compromise from caries, attrition, and erosion) conditions can affect the general health of the patient. In addition, emerging data highlights the importance of undiagnosed airway volume deficiencies and sleep-disordered breathing conditions in the adult and pediatric population. Deficiencies in dentoalveolar bone and discrepancies in skeletal relationships can impact the volume of hard- and soft-tissue structures of the periodontium and decrease oral cavity volume...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Raffaela Zaffini, Giovanni Gotte, Marta Menegazzi
Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting people of all ages worldwide, and it frequently begins in childhood. Because of its chronic nature, it is characterized by pathological manifestations, including airway inflammation, remodeling, and goblet cell hyperplasia. Current therapies for asthma, including corticosteroids and beta-2 adrenergic agonists, are directed toward relieving the symptoms of the asthmatic response, with poor effectiveness against the underlying causes of the disease. Asthma initiation and progression depends on the T helper (Th) 2 type immune response carried out by a complex interplay of cytokines, such as interleukin (IL) 4, IL5, and IL13, and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Yilin Pan, Lu Liu, Shaojun Li, Ke Wang, Rui Ke, Wenhua Shi, Jian Wang, Xin Yan, Qianqian Zhang, Qingting Wang, Limin Chai, Xinming Xie, Manxiang Li
The aims of the present study were to examine signaling mechanisms underlying transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) proliferation and to determine the effect of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation on TGF-β1-induced ASMCs proliferation and its potential mechanisms. TGF-β1 reduced microRNA-206 (miR-206) level by activating Smad2/3, and this in turn up-regulated histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) and consequently increased cyclin D1 protein leading to ASMCs proliferation...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ara Jo, Sun H Lee, Dong-Young Kim, Seung-Jae Hong, Michael N Teng, Narasaiah Kolliputi, Richard F Lockey, Robert P Schleimer, Seong H Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ulf Hedström, Oskar Hallgren, Lisa Öberg, Amy DeMicco, Outi Vaarala, Gunilla Westergren-Thorsson, Xiaohong Zhou
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious global health problem characterized by chronic airway inflammation, progressive airflow limitation and destruction of lung parenchyma. Remodeling of the bronchial airways in COPD includes changes in both the bronchial epithelium and the subepithelial extracellular matrix (ECM). To explore the impact of an aberrant ECM on epithelial cell phenotype in COPD we developed a new ex vivo model, in which normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells repopulate and differentiate on decellularized human bronchial scaffolds derived from COPD patients and healthy individuals...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"