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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933510/-unusual-case-of-struvite-urolithiasis-in-a-dog-a-case-report-ein-fallbericht
#1
Julia K Mack, Ellen Kienzle
A dog was referred for nutrition consultation after surgical removal of struvite uroliths from the bladder. Inspection of the dog's current ration revealed a pronounced vitamin-A deficiency together with a marked deficiency of protein, phosphorus and magnesium. Therefore, a supersaturation of the urine with ammonium, magnesium and phosphate, the three constituents of struvite, as a cause of struvite calculi formation appears rather unlikely. Vitamin-A deficiency can promote urinary infections and consequently struvite stone formation because of the lack of the protective effect of vitamin A on the epithelia of the urinary tract...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929949/nutrition-and-health-editorial-how-to-present-and-interpret-research-findings-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#2
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901704/audit-of-the-dietetic-care-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-at-a-large-australian-paediatric-tertiary-hospital-and-comparison-with-the-international-society-for-paediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-nutrition-guidelines
#3
Rachel Battersby, Annabel Sweeney, Sarah Toome, Janice Fairchild, Jacqueline Miller
AIM: Optimal glycaemic control is important in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to reduce the risk of developing microvascular complications. Modest reductions in HbA1c translate to significant risk reductions of these complications. Research indicates that targeted dietetic care using evidence-based guidelines improves HbA1c levels. The aim of this study was to audit the dietetic care provided to patients with T1D at the Women's and Children's Hospital (WCH) and compare the service provided to the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) nutrition guidelines...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901702/eating-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-students-enrolled-in-undergraduate-nutrition-and-dietetics-degrees
#4
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa A Martin
AIM: The prevalence of disordered eating has been frequently reported in university students; however, the prevalence amongst Australian undergraduate students studying degrees with a focus on nutrition is uncertain. The aims of this study were to: (i) assess eating attitudes and behaviours of students enrolled in nutrition and dietetics, (ii) compare those to students enrolled in another health degree of occupational therapy (OT) and (iii) explore possible relationships between eating attitudes and behaviours and other characteristics of both cohorts...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901700/successful-long-term-maintenance-following-nutrition-care-process-terminology-implementation-across-a-state-wide-health-care-system
#5
Angela Vivanti, Therese A O'Sullivan, Jane Porter, Marion Hogg
AIM: Three years following a state-wide Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) implementation project, the present study aimed to (i) assess changes in NCPT knowledge and attitudes, (ii) identify implementation barriers and enablers and (iii) seek managers' opinions post-implementation. METHODS: Pre-implementation and three years post-implementation, all Queensland Government hospitals state-wide were invited to repeat a validated NCPT survey. Additionally, a separate survey sought dietetic managers' opinions regarding NCPT's use and acceptance, usefulness for patient care, role in service planning and continued use...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901698/online-training-introduces-a-novel-approach-to-the-dietetic-care-process-documentation
#6
Shelly Rachman-Elbaum, Aliza H Stark, Josefa Kachal, Teresa Johnson, Bat Sheva Porat-Katz
AIM: Nutrition professionals in Israel are developing a system to document the Dietetic Care Process (DCP) tailored for specific patient sectors and compliant with national health guidelines. The ultimate goal is to achieve uniform documentation and improve nutrition care. Israeli dietetic practitioners work in specific patient sectors; therefore, a patient population-specific reporting system is proposed instead of the typical singular format applied across all patient populations. The purpose of this project was to evaluate learning outcomes and attitudes among registered dietitians (RDs) after online training of a novel DCP documentation system...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901697/qualitative-study-of-patients-and-health-care-professionals-views-on-the-efficacy-of-the-nutrition-as-medication-oral-nutrition-supplement-program
#7
Kelly Lambert, Jan Potter, Maureen Lonergan, Linda Tapsell, Karen E Charlton
AIM: The use of concentrated oral nutrition supplements dispensed in small volumes throughout the day at medication rounds is a common nutrition support strategy. Often termed 'Nutrition as Medication' or NAM, it is associated with excellent rates of patient consumption. However, administration of NAM has been described as suboptimal. The aim of the present study was to identify and explore factors influencing the efficacy of the NAM program from a qualitative perspective. This included exploring issues relating to knowledge, administration and patient consumption from a patient and health professional perspective...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891086/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-patient-centred-care-in-dietetic-consultations
#8
I Sladdin, W Chaboyer, L Ball
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care (PCC) is essential to quality healthcare. However, there is a paucity of research on PCC in dietetics, particularly regarding patients' experiences and perspectives of PCC. We aimed to enhance our understanding of PCC in dietetics by exploring patients' perceptions and experiences of PCC in individual dietetic consultations. METHODS: The present study used qualitative methods, situated in a constructivist-interpretivist paradigm...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875513/the-nutrition-care-process-terminology-changes-in-perceptions-attitudes-knowledge-and-implementation-amongst-australian-dietitians-after-three-years
#9
Angela Vivanti, Jessica Lewis, Therese A O'Sullivan
AIM: Assessing changes in dietetic perceptions, attitudes and knowledge regarding the Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) is important to determine implementation effectiveness. This study aimed to investigate changes in the perceptions and attitudes of Australian dietitians over a three-year period, identify changes in benefits and barriers to support successful NCPT implementation and determine future directions for NCPT progression. METHODS: An online survey was performed in 2011 and repeated in 2014 by recruiting members of the Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA) through an email link...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844891/implementing-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-benchmarks-for-nutrition-education-for-children-child-care-providers-perspectives
#10
Dipti A Dev, Virginia Carraway-Stage, Daniel J Schober, Brent A McBride, Car Mun Kok, Samantha Ramsay
BACKGROUND: National childhood obesity prevention policies recommend that child-care providers educate young children about nutrition to improve their nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Yet, the provision of nutrition education (NE) to children in child-care settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: Using the 2011 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks for NE in child care as a guiding framework, researchers assessed child-care providers' perspectives regarding delivery of NE through books, posters, mealtime conversations, hands-on learning, and sensory exploration of foods to young children (aged 2 to 5 years)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836298/a-qualitative-examination-of-patients-experiences-of-dietitians-consultation-engagement-styles-within-nephrology
#11
A Morris, T Herrmann, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Dietitians provide individuals with tailored, practical nutritional advice. For this reason, skills in effective interpersonal communication are essential. In the case of chronic kidney disease, the specifics of dietary advice may change according to renal function. The conveyance of accurate dietary advice and compliance is critical and requires full engagement with the service. The effect of communication styles on patients ' engagement experiences with renal dietetics is unknown...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832575/using-judgement-analysis-to-identify-dietitians-referral-prioritisation-for-assessment-in-adult-acute-services
#12
M Hickson, M Davies, H Gokalp, P Harries
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietitians need to prioritise referrals in order to manage their work load. Novice dietitians may not receive training on prioritisation and could be helped with an evidence-based, effective decision-making training tool. To develop such a tool, it is necessary to understand how experts make prioritisation decisions. This study aimed to model expert decision-making policy for prioritising dietetic referrals in adult acute-care services. METHODS/SUBJECTS: Social judgement theory was used to model expert decision-making policy...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826840/effectiveness-of-dietetic-consultations-in-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Lana J Mitchell, Lauren E Ball, Lynda J Ross, Katelyn A Barnes, Lauren T Williams
BACKGROUND: A dietetic consultation is a structured process aimed at supporting individual patients to modify their dietary behaviors to improve health outcomes. The body of evidence on the effectiveness of nutrition care provided by dietitians in primary health care settings has not previously been synthesized. This information is important to inform the role of dietitians in primary health care service delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effectiveness of individual consultations provided exclusively by dietitians in primary care to support adult patients to modify dietary intake and improve health outcomes...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802285/a-nutrition-care-process-knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-perceived-barriers-questionnaire
#14
Zaini Bahari, Zuriati Ibrahim, Siti Nur Asyura Adznam, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the nutrition care process (NCP) knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived barriers (KAPB) of dietetics practitioners is imperative before NCP is implemented completely in dietetics practice. No questionnaire assessing NCP KAPB has been developed and validated. Hence, we developed an NCP KAPB questionnaire called the KAPB-NCP and established its content validity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 116 items associated with sociodemographic characteristics (7 items), professional development (3 items), organisational culture's support for the NCP (2 items), knowledge (27 items), attitudes (39 items), practices (20 items), and perceived barriers to implementing the NCP (14 items) were generated for potential inclusion in the KAPB-NCP questionnaire...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799809/nutrition-management-methods-effective-in-increasing-weight-survival-time-and-functional-status-in-als-patients-a-systematic-review
#15
Jaylin Kellogg, Lindsey Bottman, Erin J Arra, Stephen M Selkirk, Frances Kozlowski
Poor prognosis and decreased survival time correlate with the nutritional status of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Various studies were reviewed which assessed weight, body mass index (BMI), survival time and ALS functional rating scale revised (ALSFRS-R) in order to determine the best nutrition management methods for this patient population. A systematic review was conducted using CINAHL, Medline, and PubMed, and various search terms in order to determine the most recent clinical trials and observational studies that have been conducted concerning nutrition and ALS...
August 11, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799798/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-8-and-9-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
St John's, Newfoundland was the host city of the 2017 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2017 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts included: Clinical Research; Community-based Nutritional Care; Determinants of Food Choice; Dietary Intake; Dietetic Practice and Education; Food Security; Nutrition and Health Education; Nutritional Assessment and Therapy; Nutrition Attitudes; Nutrition Strategy Development Patient Services; Professional Development; Vulnerable Groups and their Nutritional Needs; and, Wellness and Public Health...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779932/blurred-lines-emerging-practice-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-integrative-and-functional-nutrition
#17
Patricia Grace-Farfaglia, Denise L Pickett-Bernard, Andrea White Gorman, Jaleh Dehpahlavan
BACKGROUND: This study explored the health philosophy and practice orientation of RDNs in the United States. METHODS: A randomly selected group of RDNs were recruited to take an online survey using a reduced version of Integrative Medicine practice (IM-30). Confirmatory factor analysis, analyses of variance, and non-parametric tests were used to investigate the relationships between dietetic professionals' personal health philosophy, lifestyle, and orientation to Integrative Medicine...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754198/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-classic-and-modified-ketogenic-diets-for-treatment-of-epilepsy
#18
Kelly Roehl, Sarika L Sewak
Ketogenic diet (KD) therapy is an established form of treatment for both pediatric and adult patients with intractable epilepsy. Ketogenic diet is a term that refers to any diet therapy in which dietary composition would be expected to result in a ketogenic state of human metabolism. While historically considered a last-resort therapy, classic KDs and their modified counterparts, including the modified Atkins diet and low glycemic index treatment, are gaining ground for use across the spectrum of seizure disorders...
August 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742255/weight-management-strategies-for-those-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-consensus-report-from-the-asia-pacific-society-of-nephrology-and-australia-and-new-zealand-society-of-nephrology-2016-renal-dietitians-meeting
#19
Kelly Lambert, Jo Beer, Ruth Dumont, Katie Hewitt, Karen Manley, Anthony Meade, Karen Salamon, Katrina Campbell
AIM: Develop a consensus report to guide dietetic management of overweight or obese individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Six statements relating weight management in CKD guided a comprehensive review of the literature. A summary of the evidence was then presented at the renal nutrition meeting of the 2016 Asia Pacific Society of Nephrology and Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology. Majority agreement was defined as group agreement on a statement of between 50-74%, and consensus was considered ‚Č• 75% agreement...
July 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737568/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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