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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525312/evaluation-of-the-introduction-of-an-e-health-skills-component-for-dietetics-students
#1
Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and effective use of technology within practice is a key competency outlined in Australian dietetics training standards. An e-health skills component (lecture and workshop) was introduced to undergraduate students enrolled in an Australian nutrition and dietetics program. METHODS: The lecture orientated students to key e-health terms and concepts relating to telehealth and m-health technologies, while the workshop provided an opportunity to apply knowledge...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#2
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483452/nutrition-care-process-implementation-experiences-in-various-dietetics-environments-in-sweden
#4
Elin Lövestam, Anne-Marie Boström, Ylva Orrevall
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) are currently being implemented by nutrition and dietetics practitioners all over the world. Several advantages have been related to this implementation, such as consistency and clarity of dietetics-related health care records and the possibility to collect and research patient outcomes. However, little is known about dietitians' experiences of the implementation process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Swedish dietitians' experiences of the NCP implementation process in different dietetics environments...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479137/crossover-designs-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#5
Jeffrey E Harris, Hollie A Raynor
This article is the 12th installment in a statistical series exploring the importance of research design, epidemiologic methods, and statistical analysis as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose of this series is to assist registered dietitian nutritionists in interpreting nutrition research and aid nutrition researchers in applying scientific principles to produce high-quality nutrition research. This article focuses on the use of crossover designs in nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose is to distinguish the crossover design from the randomized clinical trial, define important terms, illustrate a 2×2 crossover design, discuss potential confounding variables in the crossover design, describe the analysis and interpretation of crossover data, present sample size considerations, provide examples of the use of the crossover design in nutrition and dietetics, and discuss additional considerations when the independent variable has more than two levels...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464296/is-it-possible-to-enhance-the-confidence-of-student-dietitians-prior-to-professional-placements-a-design-based-research-model
#6
L J Ross, L J Mitchell, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Student confidence is an important contributor to a successful professional placement experience. The present study aimed to evaluate a placement preparation program for student dietitians and to assess the impact on self-rated confidence with respect to commencing placements. METHODS: The present study is part of a design-based research approach that involves students in a cyclic enquiry to evaluate and improve curricula. Nutrition and Dietetics students at an Australian university participated in a 1-week mandatory workshop - Pre-Placement week (PrePW), N = 98 students: in 2015 (n = 54) and 2016 (n = 44)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462808/current-practices-and-perceived-barriers-to-diagnosing-documenting-and-coding-for-malnutrition-a-survey-of-the-dietitians-in-nutrition-support-dietetic-practice-group
#7
Stephanie Dobak, Sarah J Peterson, Mandy L Corrigan, Jennifer Lefton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452292/body-weight-and-body-composition-changes-during-military-training-and-deployment-involving-the-use-of-combat-rations-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Eliza C Tassone, Bradley A Baker
Dismounted military personnel operate in physically and psychologically demanding environments, with energy intake from combat rations often falling short of their requirements, leading to reductions in body weight and changes in body composition, which can impact both their health and performance. This review systematically investigated the effects of the continual use of combat rations for periods of 3-40 d on body weight and/or body composition in military personnel engaged in training or deployment. In all, ten databases were searched from their inception until October 2016...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423928/engaging-parents-to-promote-children-s-nutrition-and-health
#9
Dipti A Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent McBride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
PURPOSE: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks as a framework, this study examined childcare providers' (Head Start [HS], Child and Adult Care Food Program [CACFP] funded, and non-CACFP) perspectives regarding communicating with parents about nutrition to promote children's health. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: State-licensed center-based childcare programs. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time childcare providers (n = 18) caring for children 2 to 5 years old from varying childcare contexts (HS, CACFP funded, and non-CACFP), race, education, and years of experience...
March 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385399/informatics-initiatives-at-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics
#10
L Steven Molinar, Ann F Childers, Lindsey Hoggle, Sue Kent, Holly Porter, Sarah Rusnak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383492/translation-of-nutritional-genomics-into-nutrition-practice-the-next-step
#11
Chiara Murgia, Melissa M Adamski
Genetics is an important piece of every individual health puzzle. The completion of the Human Genome Project sequence has deeply changed the research of life sciences including nutrition. The analysis of the genome is already part of clinical care in oncology, pharmacology, infectious disease and, rare and undiagnosed diseases. The implications of genetic variations in shaping individual nutritional requirements have been recognised and conclusively proven, yet routine use of genetic information in nutrition and dietetics practice is still far from being implemented...
April 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366810/a-nutritional-perspective-of-ketogenic-diet-in-cancer-a-narrative-review
#12
Camila L P Oliveira, Stephanie Mattingly, Ralf Schirrmacher, Michael B Sawyer, Eugene J Fine, Carla M Prado
The predominant use of glucose anaerobically by cancer cells (Warburg effect) may be the most important characteristic the majority of these cells have in common and, therefore, a potential metabolic pathway to be targeted during cancer treatment. Because this effect relates to fuel oxidation, dietary manipulation has been hypothesized as an important strategy during cancer treatment. As such, the concept of a ketogenic diet (KD) in cancer emerged as a metabolic therapy (ie, targeting cancer cell metabolism) rather than a dietary approach...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363882/designing-health-apps-to-support-dietetic-professional-practice-and-their-patients-qualitative-results-from-an-international-survey
#13
Juliana Chen, Jessica Lieffers, Adrian Bauman, Rhona Hanning, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
BACKGROUND: Dietitians are engaging with mobile health (mHealth) technologies, particularly with diet and nutrition apps in their patient care. Despite the plethora of apps available, the majority are not designed with a dietitian's input. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the user preferences of dietitians in relation to tools, resources, and design features for smartphone health apps that would support their dietetic professional practice and their patients...
March 31, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343524/clearing-up-copyright-confusion-and-social-media-use-what-nutrition-and-dietetics-practitioners-need-to-know
#14
Tony Peregrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338444/the-role-of-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review
#15
Sabrina Esposito, Simona Bonavita, Maddalena Sparaco, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifactorial, inflammatory, and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system, where environmental factors interact with genetic susceptibility. The role of diet on MS has not been comprehensively elucidated; therefore, through an extensive search of relevant literature, this review reports the most significant evidence regarding nutrition as a possible co-factor influencing the inflammatory cascade by acting on both its molecular pathways and gut microbiota. Since nutritional status and dietary habits in MS patients have not been extensively reported, the lack of a scientific-based consensus on dietary recommendation in MS could encourage many patients to experiment alternative dietetic regimens, increasing the risk of malnutrition...
March 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#16
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333593/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, et al. CONSENSUS STATEMENT: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36:275-283. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0148607112440285 ).
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333567/aboriginal-cultural-competency-in-dietetics-a-national-survey-of-canadian-registered-dietitians
#18
Paige Huycke, Jillian Ingribelli, Lee Rysdale
Little has been published on cultural competency curriculum and dietetics considering the impact of food-related beliefs and behaviours on health. A 14-item online survey was administered in January 2016 to 145 participants (125 members of Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network and 20 dietitians with an interest in Aboriginal nutrition). Questions included multiple choice and ranking responses and were pretested by 4 preceptors with the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP). Quantitative data analysis included frequencies, pivot tables, and averaging/grouping of ranking scores...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284525/mixed-methods-research-in-nutrition-and-dietetics
#19
Jamie Zoellner, Jeffrey E Harris
This work focuses on mixed-methods research (MMR) and is the 11th in a series exploring the importance of research design, statistical analysis, and epidemiologic methods as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. MMR research is an investigative technique that applies both quantitative and qualitative data. The purpose of this article is to define MMR; describe its history and nature; provide reasons for its use; describe and explain the six different MMR designs; describe sample selection; and provide guidance in data collection, analysis, and inference...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271459/differences-in-eating-and-body-related-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviors-among-female-graduate-students-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-naturopathic-medicine-a-pilot-study
#20
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