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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#1
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#2
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#3
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
November 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#4
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876810/outcomes-of-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-crohn-s-disease
#5
L Lafferty, M Tuohy, A Carey, S Sugrue, M Hurley, S Hussey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is a safe and effective treatment modality for inducing remission in paediatric Crohn's disease (CD). The primary aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of EEN to corticosteroid (CS) therapy in newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve patients with CD. A secondary aim was to describe the outcomes of EEN in a national cohort of paediatric CD patients over a 10-year period. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at the Irish national referral centre for paediatric CD...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875280/malnutrition-identified-by-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-consensus-criteria-and-other-bedside-tools-is-highly-prevalent-in-a-sample-of-individuals-undergoing-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#6
Urvashi Mulasi, David M Vock, Adam J Kuchnia, Gautam Jha, Naomi Fujioka, Venkatesh Rudrapatna, Manish R Patel, Levi Teigen, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (Academy/ASPEN) Consensus malnutrition definition, we estimated malnutrition prevalence in a sample of individuals with head and neck cancer (HNC) and compared it with the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). We also investigated the utility of the 50-kHz phase angle (PA) and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio (IR) to identify malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen individuals (18 males, 1 female) scheduled to undergo chemoradiotherapy were seen at 5 time points during and up to 3 months after treatment completion...
October 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847349/assessing-the-viability-of-social-media-for-disseminating-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-through-content-analysis-of-twitter-messages-and-health-professional-interviews-an-observational-study
#7
Rosa K Hand, Deric Kenne, Taylor M Wolfram, Jenica K Abram, Michael Fleming
BACKGROUND: Given the high penetration of social media use, social media has been proposed as a method for the dissemination of information to health professionals and patients. This study explored the potential for social media dissemination of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline (EBNPG) for Heart Failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the existing social media content on HF, including message content, source, and target audience, and (2) describe the attitude of physicians and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) who care for outpatient HF patients toward the use of social media as a method to obtain information for themselves and to share this information with patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842926/a-randomised-trial-of-post-discharge-enteral-feeding-following-surgical-resection-of-an-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancy
#8
Farid Froghi, Grant Sanders, Richard Berrisford, Tim Wheatley, Paul Peyser, Jo Rahamim, Stephen Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery often eat poorly post-operatively, despite dietetic input. A pilot study was conducted to examine the benefit of a 6 week nutritional supplementation via a feeding jejunostomy on fatigue, quality of life and independent living. METHODS: A feeding jejunostomy was placed routinely at oesophagectomy or total gastrectomy for cancer. At discharge, patients were randomised to nutritional supplementation (600 kcal/day) via their feeding jejunostomies or no jejunal supplement...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817128/l-arginine-and-b-vitamins-improve-endothelial-function-in-subjects-with-mild-to-moderate-blood-pressure-elevation
#9
Daniel Menzel, Hermann Haller, Manfred Wilhelm, Horst Robenek
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to investigate the influence of a dietetic product consisting of a unique combination of L-arginine with the vitamins B6, folic acid and B12 (Telcor(®) Arginin plus) on endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Subjects aged 40-65 years with mild to moderate blood pressure (BP) elevation not treated with anti-hypertensive drugs were randomly assigned to either the dietetic product (n = 40) or a matching placebo (n = 41) for 3 months with open follow-up for a further 3 months...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807666/effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-programme-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-oesophageal-cancer-survivors-the-restore-feasibility-study
#10
Emer M Guinan, Suzanne L Doyle, Linda O'Neill, Margaret R Dunne, Emma K Foley, Jacintha O'Sullivan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
PURPOSE: Physical, nutritional and quality-of-life compromises are known sequelae of oesophageal cancer (OC) treatment. Inflammation and oxidative stress may be relevant to adverse consequences. Multimodal rehabilitation involving exercise and diet prescription may attenuate some of the negative consequences and optimise survivorship, and this was assessed in this feasibility study in OC patients at least 1 year post-oesophagectomy. METHODS: The 12-week programme included supervised and home-based exercise, dietetic counselling to ensure energy balance and multidisciplinary education...
November 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788767/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-social-media-and-the-dietetics-practitioner-opportunities-challenges-and-best-practices
#11
Janet Helm, Regan Miller Jones
Social media tools, including blogs, social networks, and media-sharing sites, help nutrition and dietetics practitioners reach broader audiences and connect directly with the public. In many ways, social media has transformed the practice of dietetics and has opened up new avenues for communicating food and nutrition information. Social media has been an effective tool for virtual nutrition counseling, patient education, peer-to-peer support, and public health campaigns. Increasingly, nutrition and dietetics practitioners are using social media to network and collaborate with colleagues, conduct a job search, stay current with new research, champion a cause, promote products or services, and build a business...
November 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784507/barriers-and-enablers-to-malnutrition-screening-of-community-living-older-adults-a-content-analysis-of-survey-data-by-australian-dietitians
#12
Dana L Craven, Fiona E Pelly, Elisabeth Isenring, Geoff P Lovell
Many older adults living in their own homes are at nutrition risk which, left untreated, can lead to the state of malnutrition. To reduce the prevalence of malnutrition among community-living older adults (CLOAs), risk factors should be identified and addressed early via malnutrition screening. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and enablers to malnutrition screening of CLOAs from the perspective of dietitians. Ninety-two dietitians working for government, not-for-profit and private organisations in Australia provided written comments to open-ended survey questions...
October 27, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779904/food-and-culinary-knowledge-and-skills-perceptions-of-undergraduate-dietetic-students
#13
Marcia J Cooper, Leanne Mezzabotta, Joseph Murphy
PURPOSE: The objective of the current study was to examine food and culinary skills and knowledge of dietetic students. METHODS: An online bilingual survey was created using Survey Monkey(TM) to explore the skills, knowledge, and perceptions of undergraduate dietetic students regarding food and cooking. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to compare skills and knowledge of food and culinary concepts. RESULTS: The final sample included second- (n = 22) and third-year (n = 22) students within the Baccalauréat specialisé en sciences de la nutrition program at the University of Ottawa...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762164/maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-duration-of-infants-after-nicu-hospitalization-in-greece-a-cohort-study
#14
Kalliopi Dritsakou, Paraskevi Massara, Nikolaos Skourlis, Georgios Liosis, Maria Skouroliakou
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of maternal diet, personal characteristics and willingness to breast-feed on breastfeeding duration of hospitalized neonates as well as to evaluate the mothers' dietetic intake based on the national recommendations. METHODS: A sample of 161 pregnant women from Athens, Greece was followed up during pregnancy, labor and the first 40 weeks of lactation. The participants attended breastfeeding classes and were interviewed regarding their nutritional habits, personal characteristics and breastfeeding intention...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755341/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia
#15
Jessica Menzies, Jennifer Hughes, Steven Leach, Yvonne Belessis, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVES: Growth and feeding problems have been described in children with Esophageal Atresia (EA). Ongoing gastrointestinal and respiratory complications such as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), esophageal dysmotility, strictures and respiratory infections may contribute. The aim of the study was to document the prevalence of malnutrition and feeding difficulties and examine predictive factors which may influence feeding and growth in children attending a multidisciplinary EA clinic in Sydney Australia...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753576/roles-of-the-military-dietitian-in-combat-operations-and-humanitarian-assistance-professional-development-and-utilization
#16
Kerryn L Story, Asma S Bukhari, Maria Bovill
Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731526/health-literacy-literacy-numeracy-and-nutrition-label-understanding-and-use-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#17
L Malloy-Weir, M Cooper
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy, literacy and numeracy have been identified as barriers to consumer understanding and the interpretation of nutrition-related information. To inform policy and dietetic practice, we examined the extent, range and nature of research on empirical relationships between health literacy, literacy or numeracy and the understanding and use of nutrition labels. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted. A search of eight databases on 15 April 2014 and 26 May 2016 returned 651 and 173 records, respectively...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704325/intestinal-failure-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Theodoric Wong, Girish Gupte
Children with intestinal failure have had improved survival, particularly those with extreme short bowel syndrome, over the last 10-15 y. This has been attributed to better understanding of the pathophysiology of intestinal failure, improvement in line care, recognition of the importance of a team approach as well as the progress of intestinal transplant as a viable option. Parenteral nutrition remains the cornerstone for the continual survival of these patients. This review will cover contemporary approaches to intestinal failure including post surgical approaches, non-transplant surgery, dietetic and medication approaches during the adaptation process, considerations for home parenteral nutrition and latest in intestinal transplantation...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697292/promotion-of-nutrition-care-by-australian-fitness-businesses-a-website-analysis
#19
K Barnes, L Ball, B Desbrow
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intention of fitness businesses to promote the provision of nutrition care from personal trainers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of webpage content. METHODS: Fitness businesses within two Australian federal electorates were identified using the Fitness Australia list of registered fitness businesses. Inductive content analysis of these fitness business websites and associated social media sites was undertaken to compare website content to the Fitness Australia Position Statement outlining the Roles and Responsibilities of Registered Fitness Professionals...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677635/dietitians-perceptions-and-experience-of-blenderised-feeds-for-paediatric-tube-feeding
#20
Janis Armstrong, Elaine Buchanan, Hazel Duncan, Kathleen Ross, Konstantinos Gerasimidis
OBJECTIVE: There is an emerging interest in the use of blenderised food for tube-feeding (BFTF). This survey explored paediatric dietitians' perceptions and experiences of BFTF use. DESIGN: A web-based questionnaire was distributed to the Paediatric group of the British Dietetic Association. The survey captured dietitians' personal opinions and experience supporting children on BFTF, and the perceptions of carers. RESULTS: Of the 77 respondents, 19 were aware of professional guidelines and 63 had never received training on BFTF...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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