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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635191/impact-of-a-nutrition-educational-program-in-a-group-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-already-involved-in-a-wider-group-care-plan-and-not-achieving-complete-target-an-observational-study
#1
Anna Comba, Alessandra Ardizzone, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most frequent chronic degenerative diseases in the world (5.4% in Italy); it has many chronic consequences with a significant impact either on expectation or quality of life. About 80-90% of type 2 diabetes patients is either overweight or obese, condition that can cause many more negative consequences than in individuals in the same conditions but with normal weight. The aim of the research is to assess if diabetic people who cannot reach the goals of glycemic control, good eating habits and weight loss can eventually obtain, with an individualized care plan, long lasting improvements...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606555/a-methodological-review-of-confidence-measurement-scales-for-dietitians-working-with-individuals
#2
Kerryn Buttenshaw, Jane Shakespeare-Finch, Susan Ash
Confidence is frequently used to assess practitioner effectiveness, and its evaluation requires valid and reliable domain-specific tools. However, the quality of existing measures is unknown. This review identifies studies measuring dietitians' confidence in working with individuals; assesses psychometric (measurement) qualities of relevant tools; and identifies areas for future research. Seven electronic databases, the internet, and reference lists were searched to identify the development or use of relevant confidence measurement scales...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593887/type-2-diabetes-in-people-from-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-backgrounds-perspectives-for-training-and-practice-from-nutritional-therapy-and-dietician-professions
#3
Lily Stojanovska, Bhensri Naemiratch, Vasso Apostolopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of nutritional therapy and dietician practitioners, undergraduate students and academics working with people with type 2 diabetes and who are from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. METHODS: A qualitative study design of in-depth semi-structured one-on-one interviews with a total of 24 participants (8 practitioners, 8 students and 8 academics) in the fields of nutritional therapy and dietetics. Open-ended questions focused on the perspectives and experiences (learning, practice and teaching) of working with people of CALD backgrounds who have type 2 diabetes...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586107/are-energy-and-protein-requirements-met-in-hospital
#4
K Pullen, R Collins, T Stone, H Carter, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association's (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks. METHODS: Patients in a UK South West hospital were categorised as 'nutritionally well' or 'nutritionally vulnerable' in accordance with their Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool score...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578899/2015-evidence-analysis-library-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-hypertension-in-adults
#5
Shannon L Lennon, Diane M DellaValle, Susan G Rodder, Melissa Prest, Rachel C Sinley, M Katherine Hoy, Constantina Papoutsakis
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure (BP) is among the most prevalent forms of cardiovascular disease and occurs in approximately one of every three adults in the United States. The purpose of this Evidence Analysis Library (EAL) guideline is to provide an evidence-based summary of nutrition therapy for the management of HTN in adults aged 18 years or older. Implementation of this guideline aims to promote evidence-based practice decisions by registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs), and other collaborating health professionals to decrease or manage HTN in adults while enhancing patient quality of life and taking into account individual preferences...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573727/characterization-and-bake-stability-of-dry-fruit-fillings-in-dehydrated-chiku-manilkara-zapota-l-p-royen-incorporated-biscuits
#6
Mahapatra Aditi, M N Shashirekha, M L Sudha
Expanding the range of bakery products in terms of producing supplemented or dietetic products has been an increasingly important trend in contemporary baking. Value added products, especially products rich in fiber and phytochemicals are getting popular. Among the dry fruits used for filling, Figs were rich in ash and protein and Dates were rich in dietary fiber. Gallic acid was the dominant free phenolic acid in Fig whereas chlorogenic acid and procatechuic acid were dominant in Dates in the bound form. Farinograph water absorption, dough development time, maximum pressure (P), and extensibility (L) decreased on increase in the replacement of wheat flour with chiku powder from 0 to 30%...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571655/a-novel-approach-to-predict-24-hour-energy-expenditure-based-on-hematologic-volumes-development-and-validation-of-models-comparable-to-mifflin-st-jeor-and-body-composition-models
#7
Douglas C Chang, Paolo Piaggi, Jonathan Krakoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of 24-hour energy expenditure (24EE) relies on knowing body composition, in particular fat-free mass (FFM), the largest determinant of 24EE. FFM is closely correlated with hematologic volumes: blood volume (BV), red cell mass (RCM), and plasma volume (PV). However, it is unknown whether predicted hematologic volumes, based on easily collected variables, can improve 24EE prediction. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop and validate equations to predict 24EE based on predicted BV, RCM, and PV and to compare the accuracy and agreement with models developed from FFM and with the Mifflin-St Jeor equation, which is recommended for clinical use by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics...
May 29, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565892/metabolic-surgery-and-nutritional-deficiencies
#8
Christine Stroh, Thomas Manger, Frank Benedix
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications such as nutrient deficiencies can be considered as the main risks of metabolic surgery with its malabsorptive but also restrictive procedures. The aim of this review is to characterize the most relevant metabolic complications specific for the various bariatric procedures, which, subsequently, require a permanent surveillance and supplementation, respectively...
May 30, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561866/institutional-readiness-for-interprofessional-education-among-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-athletic-training-education-programs
#9
Kathrin Eliot, Anthony Breitbach, Mardell Wilson, Maria Chushak
Organizations recommend interprofessional education (IPE) as a means of promoting collaborative patient-centered care. In turn, various external accreditors in the health professions have integrated IPE competencies into their standards. However, little is known about how athletic training (AT) and nutrition and dietetics (ND) have incorporated IPE into their educational programs. This study examined institutional factors that affect the level of IPE participation within ND and AT programs in the United States...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#10
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533169/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-systematic-review-of-evidence-for-medical-nutrition-therapy-effectiveness-and-recommendations-for-integration-into-the-nutrition-care-process
#11
Marion J Franz, Janice MacLeod, Alison Evert, Catherine Brown, Erica Gradwell, Deepa Handu, Adam Reppert, Megan Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527747/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-nutrition-intervention-evidence-reviews-and-recommendations
#12
Janice MacLeod, Marion J Franz, Deepa Handu, Erica Gradwell, Catherine Brown, Alison Evert, Adam Reppert, Megan Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525312/evaluation-of-the-introduction-of-an-e-health-skills-component-for-dietetics-students
#13
Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and effective use of technology within practice is a key competency outlined in Australian dietetics training standards. An e-health skills component (lecture and workshop) was introduced to undergraduate students enrolled in an Australian nutrition and dietetics program. METHODS: The lecture orientated students to key e-health terms and concepts relating to telehealth and m-health technologies, while the workshop provided an opportunity to apply knowledge...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#14
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#15
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483452/nutrition-care-process-implementation-experiences-in-various-dietetics-environments-in-sweden
#16
Elin Lövestam, Anne-Marie Boström, Ylva Orrevall
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) are currently being implemented by nutrition and dietetics practitioners all over the world. Several advantages have been related to this implementation, such as consistency and clarity of dietetics-related health care records and the possibility to collect and research patient outcomes. However, little is known about dietitians' experiences of the implementation process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Swedish dietitians' experiences of the NCP implementation process in different dietetics environments...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479137/crossover-designs-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#17
Jeffrey E Harris, Hollie A Raynor
This article is the 12th installment in a statistical series exploring the importance of research design, epidemiologic methods, and statistical analysis as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose of this series is to assist registered dietitian nutritionists in interpreting nutrition research and aid nutrition researchers in applying scientific principles to produce high-quality nutrition research. This article focuses on the use of crossover designs in nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose is to distinguish the crossover design from the randomized clinical trial, define important terms, illustrate a 2×2 crossover design, discuss potential confounding variables in the crossover design, describe the analysis and interpretation of crossover data, present sample size considerations, provide examples of the use of the crossover design in nutrition and dietetics, and discuss additional considerations when the independent variable has more than two levels...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464296/is-it-possible-to-enhance-the-confidence-of-student-dietitians-prior-to-professional-placements-a-design-based-research-model
#18
L J Ross, L J Mitchell, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Student confidence is an important contributor to a successful professional placement experience. The present study aimed to evaluate a placement preparation program for student dietitians and to assess the impact on self-rated confidence with respect to commencing placements. METHODS: The present study is part of a design-based research approach that involves students in a cyclic enquiry to evaluate and improve curricula. Nutrition and Dietetics students at an Australian university participated in a 1-week mandatory workshop - Pre-Placement week (PrePW), N = 98 students: in 2015 (n = 54) and 2016 (n = 44)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462808/current-practices-and-perceived-barriers-to-diagnosing-documenting-and-coding-for-malnutrition-a-survey-of-the-dietitians-in-nutrition-support-dietetic-practice-group
#19
Stephanie Dobak, Sarah J Peterson, Mandy L Corrigan, Jennifer Lefton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452292/body-weight-and-body-composition-changes-during-military-training-and-deployment-involving-the-use-of-combat-rations-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Eliza C Tassone, Bradley A Baker
Dismounted military personnel operate in physically and psychologically demanding environments, with energy intake from combat rations often falling short of their requirements, leading to reductions in body weight and changes in body composition, which can impact both their health and performance. This review systematically investigated the effects of the continual use of combat rations for periods of 3-40 d on body weight and/or body composition in military personnel engaged in training or deployment. In all, ten databases were searched from their inception until October 2016...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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