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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783749/differential-impact-of-malnutrition-on-health-outcomes-among-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-adults-admitted-to-hospital-in-regional-australia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Natasha Morris, Simon Stewart, Malcolm Riley, Graeme Maguire
The burden of malnutrition in Indigenous people is a major health priority and this study's aims are to understand health outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients. This cohort study includes 608 medical inpatients in three regional hospitals. Participants were screened for malnutrition using the Subjective Global Assessment tool. Hospital length of stay, discharge destination, 30-day and six-month hospital readmission and survival were measured. Although no significant difference was observed between Indigenous participants who were malnourished or nourished ( p = 0...
May 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#2
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759644/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-evidence-based-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-in-adults
#3
Toni Kuehneman, Mary Gregory, Desiree de Waal, Patricia Davidson, Rita Frickel, Carrie King, Erica Gradwell, Deepa Handu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758061/predictive-score-of-sarcopenia-occurrence-one-year-after-bariatric-surgery-in-severely-obese-patients
#4
Cosmin Sebastian Voican, Amandine Lebrun, Sophie Maitre, Panagiotis Lainas, Karima Lamouri, Micheline Njike-Nakseu, Martin Gaillard, Hadrien Tranchart, Axel Balian, Ibrahim Dagher, Gabriel Perlemuter, Sylvie Naveau
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sarcopenic obesity is a risk factor of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to generate a predictive score of sarcopenia occurrence one year after bariatric surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational prospective cohort study on a total of 184 severely obese patients admitted to our institution to undergo sleeve gastrectomy. Skeletal muscle cross-sectional area at the third lumbar vertebrae (SMA, cm2) was measured from the routinely performed computed tomography...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756986/-dietetic-treatment-with-fructose-in-a-5-year-old-girl-with-recurrent-d-lactic-acidosis
#5
Lourdes Travieso Suárez, Pilar Quijada Fraile, Consuelo Pedrón Giner
D-lactic acidosis is an infrequent complication, mainly reported in patients with short bowel syndrome. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of encephalopathy with elevated serum D-lactic acid, usually associating metabolic acidosis. The presence of D-lactate-producing bacteria is necessary for the development of this complication. Other factors, such as the ingestion of large amounts of carbohydrates or reduced intestinal motility, contribute to D-lactic acidosis. We report a case of recurrent D-lactic acidosis in a 5-year-old girl with short bowel syndrome, due to a midgut volvulus...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751854/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-society-for-nutrition-education-and-behavior-and-school-nutrition-association-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#6
Dayle Hayes, Isobel R Contento, Carol Weekly
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association, and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. Through the continued use of multidisciplinary teams, local school needs will be better identified and addressed within updated wellness policies. Updated nutrition standards are providing students with a wider variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting sodium, calories, and saturated fat...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728327/managing-complexity-in-evidence-analysis-a-worked-example-in-pediatric-weight-management
#7
James Scott Parrott, Beverly Henry, Kyle L Thompson, Jane Ziegler, Deepa Handu
Nutrition interventions are often complex and multicomponent. Typical approaches to meta-analyses that focus on individual causal relationships to provide guideline recommendations are not sufficient to capture this complexity. The objective of this study is to describe the method of meta-analysis used for the Pediatric Weight Management (PWM) Guidelines update and provide a worked example that can be applied in other areas of dietetics practice. The effects of PWM interventions were examined for body mass index (BMI), body mass index z-score (BMIZ), and waist circumference at four different time periods...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709531/-impact-of-the-adjunction-of-boiled-egg-during-the-chronic-hemodialysis-session-on-the-nutrition-state
#8
Clotilde Muller, Fabienne Knoerr, Isabelle Kolb, Antoine Garstka, Jean-Valère Fumaroli, Sarah Richter
Denutrition for chronic hemodialysed patients is common and severe, often the first step of many complication and comorbidities. This work was aimed to study the impact of the adjunction of hard-boiled egg during six months, at the time of the hemodialysis session, if the classic nutritional support with oral nutritional supplements and intradialytic parenteral nutrition has failed. Required criteria were: Albuminemia, prealbuminemia and Moreau and Gaudry's score. Thirty-six patients have been included. During the six months, the following nutritional parameters have improved: Moreau and Gaudry's score decreased of 0...
April 27, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704905/the-development-of-a-consensus-based-nutritional-pathway-for-infants-with-chd-before-surgery-using-a-modified-delphi-process
#9
Luise V Marino, Mark J Johnson, Nigel J Hall, Natalie J Davies, Catherine S Kidd, M Lowri Daniels, Julia E Robinson, Trevor Richens, Tara Bharucha, Anne-Sophie E Darlington
IntroductionDespite improvements in the medical and surgical management of infants with CHD, growth failure before surgery in many infants continues to be a significant concern. A nutritional pathway was developed, the aim of which was to provide a structured approach to nutritional care for infants with CHD awaiting surgery.Materials and methodsThe modified Delphi process was development of a nutritional pathway; initial stakeholder meeting to finalise draft guidelines and develop questions; round 1 anonymous online survey; round 2 online survey; regional cardiac conference and pathway revision; and final expert meeting and pathway finalisation...
April 29, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703344/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-standards-of-practice-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-competent-proficient-and-expert-in-diabetes-care
#10
Patricia Davidson, Tamara Ross, Chimene Castor
There are 30.3 million people with diabetes and 86 million with prediabetes in the United States, underscoring the growing need for comprehensive diabetes care and nutrition for the management of diabetes and diabetes-related conditions. Management of diabetes is also critical for the prevention of diabetes-related complications such as cardiovascular and renal disease. The Diabetes Care and Education Dietetic Practice Group along with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee have updated the Standards of Practice (SOP) and Standards of Professional Performance (SOPP) for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (RDNs) in Diabetes Care...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703343/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#11
Dayle Hayes, Linette Dodson
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association (SNA), and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior (SNEB) that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. To maximize impact, the Academy, SNA, and SNEB recommend specific strategies in the following key areas: food and nutrition services available throughout the school campus, nutrition initiatives such as Farm to School and school gardens, wellness policies, nutrition education and promotion, and consideration of roles and responsibilities...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703342/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-society-for-nutrition-education-and-behavior-and-school-nutrition-association-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#12
Dayle Hayes, Isobel R Contento, Carol Weekly
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association, and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. Through the continued use of multidisciplinary teams, local school needs will be better identified and addressed within updated wellness policies. Updated nutrition standards are providing students with a wider variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting sodium, calories, and saturated fat...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671062/the-impact-of-dietary-regimen-compliance-on-outcomes-for-hnscc-patients-treated-with-radiation-therapy
#13
Rafi Kabarriti, Amanda Bontempo, Maria Romano, Kevin P McGovern, Alyssa Asaro, Shankar Viswanathan, Shalom Kalnicki, Madhur K Garg
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nutritional factors and compliance with dietary recommendations for associations with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients receiving definitive RT for laryngeal and oropharyngeal cancers. MATERIALS/METHODS: We identified 352 patients with non-metastatic laryngeal (146) and oropharyngeal (206) cancer treated with definitive RT between 2004 and 2013. Disease and patient characteristics, treatment information, sarcopenia based on muscle areas at L3 level on CT, compliance with the nutritional program, and clinical outcomes data were tabulated...
April 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665095/enteral-nutrition-and-dementia-integrating-ethics
#14
Denise Baird Schwartz
This narrative review highlights topics related to feeding patients with dementia, including the use of ethical principles and legal precedents; specifies guidelines and practice recommendations; provides an option to assist in applying the recommendations, such as comfort feedings instead of enteral nutrition; promotes the use of early advance care planning to achieve medical therapies based on an individual's wishes; and provides 3 case studies to demonstrate the clinical application of the information presented in the article...
April 17, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660174/update-of-diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutritional-guidelines-for-2018-a-celebration-of-two-leading-journals-working-together-to-improve-nutritional-science-and-dietetic-care-for-people-living-with-diabetes
#15
EDITORIAL
D D Mellor, S Langley-Evans, R I G Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658193/update-of-diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutritional-guidelines-for-2018-a-celebration-of-two-leading-journals-working-together-to-improve-nutritional-science-and-dietetic-care-for-people-living-with-diabetes
#16
EDITORIAL
D Mellor, S Langley-Evans, R I G Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#18
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617753/an-examination-of-appetite-and-disordered-eating-in-active-crohn-s-disease
#19
Richard Anthony Wardle, Gita Thapaliya, Adam Nowak, Shellie Radford, Michelle Dalton, Graham Finlayson, Gordon W Moran
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffer from nutritional deficiencies when in active disease. We aim to examine calorific intake, macronutrient choice and disordered eating behaviour in patients with active CD. Methods: CD patients with matched healthy volunteers (HV) were recruited. Active disease was defined by faecal calprotectin >250ug/g, C-reactive protein >5mg/dl, or active disease seen on endoscopy or imaging. Symptoms were quantified by Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603276/estimation-of-resting-energy-expenditure-using-predictive-equations-in-critically-ill-children-results-of-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Corinne Jotterand Chaparro, Clémence Moullet, Patrick Taffé, Jocelyne Laure Depeyre, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Jacques Cotting
Provision of adequate energy intake to critically ill children is associated with improved prognosis, but resting energy expenditure (REE) is rarely determined by indirect calorimetry (IC) due to practical constraints. Some studies have tested the validity of various predictive equations that are routinely used for this purpose, but no systematic evaluation has been made. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to assess predictive equations of REE in critically ill children. We systematically searched the literature for eligible studies, and then we extracted data and assigned a quality grade to each article according to guidelines of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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