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Nutrition and dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737568/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of paediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735580/high-protein-goat-s-milk-diet-identified-through-newborn-screening-clinical-warning-of-a-potentially-dangerous-dietetic-practice
#2
Evelina Maines, Giorgia Gugelmo, Elisa Tadiotto, Angelo Pietrobelli, Natascia Campostrini, Andrea Pasini, Florina Ion-Popa, Monica Vincenzi, Francesca Teofoli, Marta Camilot, Andrea Bordugo
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding is an unequalled way of providing optimal food for infants' healthy growth and development and the WHO recommends that infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life. For mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formulas are the safest alternative. Despite recommendations, it is possible that parents make potentially harmful nutritional choices for their children because of cultural beliefs or misinformation on infant nutrition...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731641/macronutrient-content-and-food-exchanges-for-48-greek-mediterranean-dishes
#3
Paraskevi Detopoulou, Maria Aggeli, Elena Andrioti, Maria Detopoulou
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to facilitate the translation of traditional Greek Mediterranean recipes into food exchanges for diabetes. Moreover, it provides a useful food list for meal planning, which can be used by health professionals and nutritionists, as well as researchers and the public. METHODS: A total of 48 traditional Greek Mediterranean dishes were selected in order to include appetisers, sauces, salads, pies, dishes with vegetables and legumes as well as egg, pasta, rice, meat, fish and poultry-based dishes...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731606/feasibility-of-home-based-dietetic-intervention-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-post-hospital-discharge
#4
Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin, Karen Walton, Karen Charlton, Amanda Carrie, Linda Tapsell, Marianna Milosavljevic, Glen Pang, Jan Potter
AIM: To determine if a model of home-based dietetic care improves dietary intake and weight status in a specific group of older adults post-hospitalisation. METHODS: The Department of Veterans' Affairs clients aged 65 years and over were recruited from hospitals in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia (n = 32 men, n = 36 women). Nutritional status was assessed at home at baseline (within two weeks post-discharge) and three months post-discharge using a diet history, a food frequency checklist and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731556/dietetic-management-of-gestational-diabetes-in-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Robyn L Lawrence, Clare R Wall, Frank H Bloomfield, Caroline A Crowther
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietetic practice in the management of gestational diabetes in New Zealand, compare this with evidence-based guidelines and determine the need for New Zealand-specific evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines for gestational diabetes. METHODS: A 64-item cross-sectional online survey of New Zealand-registered dietitians providing care to women with gestational diabetes was undertaken. Participants were recruited through Dietitians New Zealand, District Health Boards and private practices across New Zealand...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731549/development-and-validation-of-the-dietetic-confidence-scale-for-working-with-clients-experiencing-psychological-issues
#6
Kerryn Buttenshaw, Susan Ash, Jane Shakespeare-Finch
AIM: A standardised tool was needed to measure a generalist dietitian's confidence about working with clients experiencing psychological issues in order to effectively evaluate mental health-related professional development activities. The aim of this study was to develop, pilot and validate a robust instrument that measures a generalist dietitian's professional confidence for working with clients experiencing psychological issues. METHODS: The Dietetic Confidence Scale (DCS) was developed...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716775/acute-rehabilitation-after-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-in-major-trauma
#7
Jessica Anne Rich, Julia Coleman, Camille Devaux, Karen Hoffman
We report a 23-year-old woman admitted post cyclist versus heavy goods vehicle accident in December 2014. This was the second case the life-saving procedure, that is, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) was performed on at the roadside. This advanced procedure was performed due to the extensive haemorrhage from this patient's complex pelvic fracture . As a result of REBOA, the patient consequently lost her left lower limb and underwent a variety of complex pelvic and lower limb surgeries...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708273/pediatric-obesity-related-curricular-content-and-training-in-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#8
Kimon Divaris, Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Kathleen A McGraw
OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review to determine: a) What dental schools and dental hygiene programs are doing to promote knowledge and skills related to addressing childhood obesity and to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and b) What else these schools and programs could do to better equip future oral health professionals to address childhood obesity and reduce consumption of SSBs. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, Education Full Text (EBSCOHost), and ERIC (EBSCOHost) to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on obesity or dietetic-related curricula in dental and dental hygiene education within the last 20 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688694/nutritional-changes-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-during-treatment
#9
L Arribas, L Hurtós, M Taberna, I Peiró, E Vilajosana, A Lozano, S Vazquez, R Mesia, N Virgili
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate changes in body composition and nutritional status that occur throughout the oncological treatment in head and neck cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort observational study in patients diagnosed with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) that underwent treatment with induction chemotherapy (iCT) followed by chemoradiotherapy or bioradiotherapy were invited to participate. All patients had dietetic counseling from the diagnosis and a close monitoring throughout the treatment implementing nutritional support as needed...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656820/best-practices-for-nutrition-care-of-pregnant-women-in-prison
#10
Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie Stang, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine A Forestell, Wendy Hellerstedt
Approximately 3% to 4% of women are pregnant upon their admission to prison. Pregnant inmates present unique challenges for correctional health providers, including meeting the nutritional needs for healthy pregnancy outcomes. The authors outline six recommendations for nutrition care for pregnant inmates, including (1) test for pregnancy; (2) prescribe prenatal vitamins; (3) follow nutrition recommendations outlined by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; (4) provide additional food, monitor over time, and allow for modifications to meet pregnancy needs; (5) ensure regular access to water; and (6) provide inmates with resources and education on healthy diet...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#12
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647933/a-new-system-of-documentation-to-improve-dietitian-physician-crosstalk
#13
Shelly Rachman-Elbaum, Aliza H Stark, Josefa Kachal, Teresa W Johnson, Bat Sheva Porat-Katz
BACKGROUND: Standardization of the dietetic care process allows for early identification of malnutrition and metabolic disorders, interdisciplinary collaboration among the medical team, and improved quality of patient care. Globally, dietitians are adopting a nutrition care model that integrates national regulations with professional scope of practice. Currently, Israel lacks a standardized dietetic care process and documentation terminology. OBJECTIVES: To assess the utilization of a novel sectoral documentation system for nutrition care in Israel...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635191/impact-of-a-nutrition-educational-program-in-a-group-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-already-involved-in-a-wider-group-care-plan-and-not-achieving-complete-target-an-observational-study
#14
Anna Comba, Alessandra Ardizzone, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most frequent chronic degenerative diseases in the world (5.4% in Italy); it has many chronic consequences with a significant impact either on expectation or quality of life. About 80-90% of type 2 diabetes patients is either overweight or obese, condition that can cause many more negative consequences than in individuals in the same conditions but with normal weight. The aim of the research is to assess if diabetic people who cannot reach the goals of glycemic control, good eating habits and weight loss can eventually obtain, with an individualized care plan, long lasting improvements...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606555/a-methodological-review-of-confidence-measurement-scales-for-dietitians-working-with-individuals
#15
Kerryn Buttenshaw, Jane Shakespeare-Finch, Susan Ash
Confidence is frequently used to assess practitioner effectiveness, and its evaluation requires valid and reliable domain-specific tools. However, the quality of existing measures is unknown. This review identifies studies measuring dietitians' confidence in working with individuals; assesses psychometric (measurement) qualities of relevant tools; and identifies areas for future research. Seven electronic databases, the internet, and reference lists were searched to identify the development or use of relevant confidence measurement scales...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593887/type-2-diabetes-in-people-from-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-backgrounds-perspectives-for-training-and-practice-from-nutritional-therapy-and-dietician-professions
#16
Lily Stojanovska, Bhensri Naemiratch, Vasso Apostolopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of nutritional therapy and dietician practitioners, undergraduate students and academics working with people with type 2 diabetes and who are from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. METHODS: A qualitative study design of in-depth semi-structured one-on-one interviews with a total of 24 participants (8 practitioners, 8 students and 8 academics) in the fields of nutritional therapy and dietetics. Open-ended questions focused on the perspectives and experiences (learning, practice and teaching) of working with people of CALD backgrounds who have type 2 diabetes...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586107/are-energy-and-protein-requirements-met-in-hospital
#17
K Pullen, R Collins, T Stone, H Carter, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association's (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks. METHODS: Patients in a UK South West hospital were categorised as 'nutritionally well' or 'nutritionally vulnerable' in accordance with their Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool score...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578899/2015-evidence-analysis-library-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-hypertension-in-adults
#18
Shannon L Lennon, Diane M DellaValle, Susan G Rodder, Melissa Prest, Rachel C Sinley, M Katherine Hoy, Constantina Papoutsakis
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure (BP) is among the most prevalent forms of cardiovascular disease and occurs in approximately one of every three adults in the United States. The purpose of this Evidence Analysis Library (EAL) guideline is to provide an evidence-based summary of nutrition therapy for the management of HTN in adults aged 18 years or older. Implementation of this guideline aims to promote evidence-based practice decisions by registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs), and other collaborating health professionals to decrease or manage HTN in adults while enhancing patient quality of life and taking into account individual preferences...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573727/characterization-and-bake-stability-of-dry-fruit-fillings-in-dehydrated-chiku-manilkara-zapota-l-p-royen-incorporated-biscuits
#19
Mahapatra Aditi, M N Shashirekha, M L Sudha
Expanding the range of bakery products in terms of producing supplemented or dietetic products has been an increasingly important trend in contemporary baking. Value added products, especially products rich in fiber and phytochemicals are getting popular. Among the dry fruits used for filling, Figs were rich in ash and protein and Dates were rich in dietary fiber. Gallic acid was the dominant free phenolic acid in Fig whereas chlorogenic acid and procatechuic acid were dominant in Dates in the bound form. Farinograph water absorption, dough development time, maximum pressure (P), and extensibility (L) decreased on increase in the replacement of wheat flour with chiku powder from 0 to 30%...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571655/a-novel-approach-to-predict-24-hour-energy-expenditure-based-on-hematologic-volumes-development-and-validation-of-models-comparable-to-mifflin-st-jeor-and-body-composition-models
#20
Douglas C Chang, Paolo Piaggi, Jonathan Krakoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of 24-hour energy expenditure (24EE) relies on knowing body composition, in particular fat-free mass (FFM), the largest determinant of 24EE. FFM is closely correlated with hematologic volumes: blood volume (BV), red cell mass (RCM), and plasma volume (PV). However, it is unknown whether predicted hematologic volumes, based on easily collected variables, can improve 24EE prediction. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop and validate equations to predict 24EE based on predicted BV, RCM, and PV and to compare the accuracy and agreement with models developed from FFM and with the Mifflin-St Jeor equation, which is recommended for clinical use by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics...
May 29, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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