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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386744/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Min Young Kim, Sungmin Boo, Mijung Yoo, Jonghyun Lee, Na Ree Kang
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging issue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, loss of muscle mass is relatively common finding, and diagnosis of CKD should be based on measured or estimated GFR (Cavailles et al. Eur Respir Rev 22:454-475, 2013; Gosker et al. Am J Clin Nutr 71:1033-1047, 2000; Delanaye and Mariat Nat Rev Nephrol 9:513-522, 2013). We aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of CKD, defined by using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, in COPD patients...
April 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360458/prevalence-and-etiological-profile-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-nonsmokers
#2
Tariq Mahmood, Ravindra Kumar Singh, Surya Kant, Amitabh Das Shukla, Alok Chandra, Rajneesh Kumar Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has been recognized as the most important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for a long time, but recent studies have shown that nonsmokers also contribute to a significant proportion of COPD. This study was performed to find out the proportion of nonsmoker individuals among COPD patients and to determine various etiologies in nonsmoker COPD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was an observational cross-sectional study conducted in Department of Pulmonary Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268242/tuberculosis-associated-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Malay Sarkar, Srinivasa, Irappa Madabhavi, Kushal Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Reviewed the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, mechanisms, and treatment of tuberculosis associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DATA SOURCE: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the CINAHL from inception to June 2016. We used the following search terms: Tuberculosis, COPD, Tuberculosis associated COPD, and so forth. All types of study were chosen. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tuberculosis are significant public health problems, particularly in developing countries...
May 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213689/serious-fungal-infections-in-egypt
#4
S M Zaki, D W Denning
We aimed to estimate the burden of serious fungal infections in Egypt, currently unknown, based on the size of the populations at risk and available epidemiological data. Data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and published reports with clearcut denominators. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies of fungal infections, using previously described methodology. The population of Egypt in 2011 was ∼82,500,000; 31% children, and 8% women >60 years of age...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188493/serious-fungal-infections-in-chile
#5
E Alvarez Duarte, D W Denning
The incidence and prevalence of fungal infections in Chile are unknown. Here, we have estimated the burden of serious fungal diseases from data obtained from clinical reports, WHO reports, Chilean census, OECD reports and comprehensive literature search available on PubMed and SciELO, among other scientific resources. Due the lack of official data about fungal diseases, frequencies were calculated based on the specific populations at risk. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (>4 episodes/year) is estimated to occur in 3108/100,000...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188492/serious-fungal-infections-in-portugal
#6
R Sabino, C Verissímo, J Brandão, C Martins, D Alves, C Pais, D W Denning
There is a lack of knowledge on the epidemiology of fungal infections worldwide because there are no reporting obligations. The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of fungal disease in Portugal as part of a global fungal burden project. Most published epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates from Portugal were identified. Where no data existed, specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies in those populations were used in order to estimate national incidence or prevalence, depending on the condition...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188491/serious-fungal-infections-in-peru
#7
B Bustamante, D W Denning, P E Campos
Epidemiological data about mycotic diseases are limited in Peru and estimation of the fungal burden has not been previously attempted. Data were obtained from the Peruvian National Institute of Statistics and Informatics, UNAIDS and from the Ministry of Health's publications. We also searched the bibliography for Peruvian data on mycotic diseases, asthma, COPD, cancer and transplants. Incidence or prevalence for each fungal disease were estimated in specific populations at risk. The Peruvian population for 2015 was 31,151,543...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161744/burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-bangladesh
#8
H C Gugnani, D W Denning, R Rahim, A Sadat, M Belal, M S Mahbub
In Bangladesh there are several published papers on superficial mycoses. Deep mycoses are also recognized as an important emerging problem. Here, we estimate the annual incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in Bangladesh. Demographic data were obtained from world population reports and the data on TB and HIV extracted from the online publications on tuberculosis in Bangladesh and Asia Pacific research statistical data information resources AIDS Data HUB. All the published papers on fungal infections in Bangladesh were identified through extensive search of literature...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161741/serious-fungal-infections-in-pakistan
#9
K Jabeen, J Farooqi, S Mirza, D Denning, A Zafar
The true burden of fungal infection in Pakistan is unknown. High-risk populations for fungal infections [tuberculosis (TB), diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, asthma, cancer, transplant and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection] are numerous. Here, we estimate the burden of fungal infections to highlight their public health significance. Whole and at-risk population estimates were obtained from the WHO (TB), BREATHE study (COPD), UNAIDS (HIV), GLOBOCAN (cancer) and Heartfile (diabetes). Published data from Pakistan reporting fungal infections rates in general and specific populations were reviewed and used when applicable...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144054/current-trends-of-management-of-respiratory-diseases-by-pulmonologists-results-of-national-conference-of-pulmonary-disease-2015-survey
#10
Sheetu Singh, Nishtha Singh
CONTEXT: Respiratory diseases are a common problem in our country and these are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. AIMS: The aim of the paper was to analyze the pattern of diagnostic tests used and treatment prescribed for common respiratory diseases. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A total of 1028 pulmonologists, either member of Indian Chest Society or delegate attending the National Conference of Pulmonary Diseases (NAPCON) 2015, participated in the online survey...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998495/prevalence-pattern-of-respiratory-diseases-including-tuberculosis-in-elderly-in-ghaziabad-delhi-ncr
#11
Sonisha Gupta, Vijay Arora, O P Sharma, L Satyanarayana, Atul Kumar Gupta
Elderly population is continuously increasing all over the world including India. Old age is associated with significant prevalence of chronic illnesses. Population based study to find prevalence & pattern of respiratory diseases in elderly in India is difficult to find. Present study was done in an urban locality of Ghaziabad inhabited mainly by low socio - economic status population. Two part questionnaire was used as main tool. Through part one 1522 elderly were screened for respiratory disease. Respiratory disease was confirmed & diagnosed by part two of questionnaire, physical examination & necessary investigations...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814579/the-emergence-of-aspergillus-species-in-chronic-respiratory-disease
#12
Anthony Ca Yii, Mariko S Koh, Therese S Lapperre, Gan L Tan, Sanjay H Chotirmall
Chronic lung disease is recognized as an important risk factor for developing pulmonary aspergillosis. The development of specific aspergillus-associated syndromes depends on host immunity and underlying lung disease. In the setting of asthma, hypersensitivity to Aspergillus can lead to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) or severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS). Chronic use of systemic or inhaled corticosteroids coupled with recurrent antibiotic use for exacerbations prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) predisposes to chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA)...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806533/epidemiologic-correlates-of-chronic-respiratory-infections-in-adults-an-urban-slum-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#13
Sonali Kar, Ipsa Mohapatra, Amrita Konar
INTRODUCTION: Urbanization is marked by emergence of slum areas, wherein migrants from the nearby villages stay in temporary establishments for seeking avenues of employment. These dwellings lack most of the essential living conditions like safe water, healthy living conditions and access to health services. This population is also vulnerable to social evils like alcohol and tobacco addiction. KIMS, a medical college in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India has an Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) that caters to a slum population of nearly 12,000 population for their primary health needs...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787715/bifunctional-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-respiratory-diseases
#14
Clive Page, Mario Cazzola
Over the last decade, there has been a steady increase in the use of fixed dose combinations for the treatment of a range of diseases, including cancer, AIDS, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases. It is now evident that patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can also benefit from the use of fixed dose combinations, including combinations of a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) and an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), and combinations of LABAs and long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMAs)...
October 28, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725053/primary-care-physicians-ability-to-diagnose-the-most-prevalent-respiratory-diseases
#15
B P de São José, P A M Camargos, E D Bateman, C M A Botelho, J G F de Seixas Maciel, E V Mancuzo, R de Amorim Corrêa
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the ability of primary care physicians (PCPs) to diagnose acute and chronic respiratory diseases. We assessed the agreement between PCPs and pulmonologists in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and acute respiratory infections (ARI). SETTING: Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: PCPs filled out a symptom-based questionnaire for adult patients presenting with respiratory symptoms...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448309/asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-overlap-syndrome-increases-the-risk-of-incident-tuberculosis-a-national-cohort-study
#16
Jun-Jun Yeh, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: The association between asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) and tuberculosis (TB) has yet to be studied. METHODS: The newly diagnosed TB patients (age > 20 y) treated from January 2000 to December 2008 were included (ACOS cohort, n = 10 751; non-ACOS cohort, n = 42 966). The non-ACOS cohort involved patients with confirmed absence of ACOS. We calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for TB in the ACOS and non-ACOS cohorts by using poisson regression analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336790/phenotyping-adults-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-10-year-cohort-study-in-a-french-regional-university-hospital-center
#17
Matthieu Buscot, Héloïse Pottier, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Sylvie Leroy
BACKGROUND: Data concerning phenotypes in bronchiectasis are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, functional and microbiological phenotypes of patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: A monocentric retrospective study in a university hospital in France was conducted over 10 years (2002-2012). Non-cystic fibrosis patients with tomographic confirmation of bronchiectasis were included. The clinical, functional and microbiological data of patients were analyzed relying on the underlying etiology...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152607/allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-complicating-swyer-james-macleod-s-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
I S Sehgal, S Dhooria, D Behera, R Agarwal
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a pulmonary disorder that results from immune responses mounted against antigens of Aspergillus fumigatus, resulting in non-specific respiratory symptoms and structural lung damage. Classically defined in individuals suffering from bronchial asthma and cystic fibrosis, ABPA has recently been described in other lung diseases including COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, idiopathic bronchiectasis and others. Herein, we report the first case of ABPA complicating Swyer-James-Macleod's syndrome that was successfully treated with oral antifungal therapy...
May 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102185/smokehaz-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-the-effects-of-smoking-on-respiratory-health
#19
REVIEW
Leah Jayes, Patricia L Haslam, Christina G Gratziou, Pippa Powell, John Britton, Constantine Vardavas, Carlos Jimenez-Ruiz, Jo Leonardi-Bee
BACKGROUND: Smoking tobacco increases the risk of respiratory disease in adults and children, but communicating the magnitude of these effects in a scientific manner that is accessible and usable by the public and policymakers presents a challenge. We have therefore summarized scientific data on the impact of smoking on respiratory diseases to provide the content for a unique resource, SmokeHaz. METHODS: We conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses of longitudinal studies (published to 2013) identified from electronic databases, gray literature, and experts...
July 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038474/the-risk-factors-and-characteristics-of-copd-among-nonsmokers-in-korea-an-analysis-of-knhanes-iv-and-v
#20
Su Hwan Lee, Eu Dong Hwang, Ju Eun Lim, Sungwoo Moon, Young Ae Kang, Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Young Sam Kim, Song Yee Kim
PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in prevalence and mortality. This study evaluated the prevalence, risk factors, characteristics, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of COPD among nonsmokers in Korea. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study using data obtained from the Fourth and Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2007 to 2011. RESULTS: A total of 15,063 participants completely answered the questionnaire and performed the spirometry...
June 2016: Lung
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