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hot pack

Takaya Maeda, Hideki Yoshida, Tomoyuki Sasaki, Atsushi Oda
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat and cold applications enhances pain relief compared with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Fourty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to the following three interventions: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat using a hot pack; combined with local cold using a cold pack; and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Naime Uluğ, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A randomized study. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into 3 groups as follows: Pilates group (n = 20), yoga group (n = 18) and isometric group (n = 18)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
M Contreras, J Benedito, J Bon, J V Garcia-Perez
The application of power ultrasound (PuS) could be used as a novel technology with which to intensify thermal treatments using hot air. Mild thermal treatments have been applied to improve the soft texture of dry-cured ham caused by defective processing. In this regard, the aim of this study was to assess the kinetic intensification linked to the application of airborne PuS in the mild thermal treatment using hot air of dry-cured ham. For this purpose, vacuum packed cylindrical samples (2.52±0.11cm in diameter and 1...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Cynthia M Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L Nord, Shannon M Palermo, Kathleen M Kelsey, Tracy A Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman
Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W), oral electrolyte solutions (OESs), and administration of subcutaneous fluids (SQs). None of these methods have been compared for safety or efficacy in a working environment. In a cross-over design, seven vehicle-screening canines were randomly assigned to each of the three hydration strategies during working shifts at the Sarita, TX checkpoint...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Selcuk Sayilir, Mustafa Turgut Yildizgoren
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to evaluate the medium-term effects of diadynamic (DD) currents on relieving symptoms/improving physical functionality in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) and to compare the efficacy of DD versus TENS. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups as the TENS group (n = 26) and the DD group (n = 29). Additional treatment of hot pack + therapeutic ultrasound was applied to all patients. The therapy programs were administered as a total of 10 sessions over a period of 2 weeks...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Cristina E Hoppe, Roberto J J Williams
The self-assembly of n-alkyl chains at the bulk or at the interface of different types of materials and substrates has been extensively studied in the past. The packing of alkyl chains is driven by Van der Waals interactions and can generate crystalline or disordered domains, at the bulk of the material, or self-assembled monolayers at an interface. This natural property of alkyl chains has been employed in recent years to develop a new generation of materials for technological applications. These studies are dispersed in a variety of journals...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Yi-Chuan Tseng, Yang-Chun Lee, Sih-Wei Chang, Tzu-Yao Lin, Dai-Liang Ma, Bo-Cheng Lin, Hsuen-Li Chen
In this study, we found that the large area of electromagnetic field hot zone induced through magnetic dipole resonance of metal-free structures can greatly enhance Raman scattering signals. The magnetic resonant nanocavities, based on high-refractive-index silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs), were designed to resonate at the wavelength of the excitation laser of the Raman system. The well-dispersed SiNPs that were not closely packed displayed significant magnetic dipole resonance and gave a Raman enhancement per unit volume of 59 347...
October 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Walid Mahrez, Lars Hennig
To get an insight into the mechanisms of gene expression regulation in eukaryotic organisms, it is necessary to decipher the connection between the different chemical modifications occurring on the chromatin, at both the DNA and the associated histone proteins. Histones are basic proteins, which pack the DNA into nucleosomes, and are hot spots for several posttranslational modifications. Elucidating combinatorial histone modifications co-occurring on the same histone protein will greatly contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of eukaryotes...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
C L F Katiyatiya, G Bradley, V Muchenje
Boran (n=15) and Nguni (n=15) cows were used in a study to determine the effect of breed, age and coat colour on the concentration of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90AB1), physiological rectal and skin temperature, and markers of health. The cows were exposed to summer heat stress and Boran cows had higher significant (P<0.05) skin temperature (35.1±0.42°C) as compared to the Nguni cows (36.0±0.38°C). Nguni cows had higher body thermal gradients than the Boran cows. Boran cows had thicker skin (P<0.05) and longer hairs (24...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Tatsuki Nakagawa, Shin-Ichiro Hiraga, Kazue Mizumura, Kiyomi Hori, Noriyuki Ozaki, Tomoko Koeda
We focused on the analgesic effect of hot packs for mechanical hyperalgesia in physically inactive rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, physical inactivity (PI), PI + sham treatment (PI + sham), and PI + hot pack treatment (PI + hot pack) groups. Physical inactivity rats wore casts on both hind limbs in full plantar flexed position for 4 weeks. Hot pack treatment was performed for 20 min a day, 5 days a week. Although mechanical hyperalgesia and the up-regulation of NGF in the plantar skin and gastrocnemius muscle were observed in the PI and the PI + sham groups, these changes were significantly suppressed in the PI + hot pack group...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Li-An Wu, Wei-En Li, Ding-Zheng Lin, Yih-Fan Chen
We demonstrate three-dimensional surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates formed by accumulating plasmonic nanostructures that are synthesized using a DNA-assisted assembly method. We densely immobilize Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on polymer beads to form core-satellite nanostructures for detecting molecules by SERS. The experimental parameters affecting the AuNP immobilization, including salt concentration and the number ratio of the AuNPs to the polymer beads, are tested to achieve a high density of the immobilized AuNPs...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fahri Köroğlu, Tuğba Kuru Çolak, M Gülden Polat
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most important causes of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Kinesio® taping on pain, functionality, mobility and endurance in chronic low back pain treatment. METHODS: Patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into three groups. Therapeutic ultrasound, hot packs, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation were applied to each group for ten sessions during two weeks, and therapeutic exercises were applied in the clinic under physiotherapist supervision starting from the sixth session...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Chika Oshima-Saeki, Yuiko Taniho, Hiromi Arita, Etsuko Fujimoto
Sleep disturbances are common in older people. This study was conducted to examine the effects of a hot pack, which was used to warm the lower limbs, on the sleep of elderly people living in a nursing home. This is a prospective cohort involving seven elderly women. Subjects aged 74-93 years old were treated by warming the lower limbs for 40 minutes using hot packs every night over 8 weeks. A hot pack made of a dense polymer and warmed in a microwave oven was used as a warming device. In the first and last week, the subjects were required to wear an activity monitor to determine their sleep-awake status...
April 2017: Sleep Science
François Fourel, Christophe Lécuyer, Attila Demeny, Philippe Boulvais, Lutz Lange, Dorrit E Jacob, Istvan Kovacs
RATIONALE: We have used ahigh-precision, high efficiency method for themeasurementof the(2) H/(1) H ratios of hydrous silicates (amphiboles) and nominally anhydrous minerals (NAM) such as clinopyroxene, garnet and diamond, which are usually extremely resistant to pyrolysis. This opens up new fields of investigation to better understand the conditionsof formation fordeep-Earth minerals. METHOD: The technique described hereinvolvesIsotopic Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS) online in continuous flow mode with an Elemental Analyzer (EA) using"purge and trap" technology rather than conventional packed column-GC gas separation...
September 20, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Jung-Hyun Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the effects of taping and hot packs on premenstrual syndrome, in an attempt to generate basic data for physical therapy intervention for premenstrual syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-two females in their 20s with premenstrual syndrome were randomly assigned to a taping group (n=10), hot pack group (n=11), and taping with hot pack group (n=11). Premenstrual syndrome was assessed using the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire in each participant prior to intervention and was re-assessed after applying kinesio taping and/or hot pack from 10 days before the estimated date of menstruation until the first day of menstruation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Emİne Handan Tüzün, Sıla Gıldır, Ender Angın, Büşra Hande Tecer, Kezban Öztürk Dana, Mehtap Malkoç
[Purpose] We compared the effectiveness of dry needling with a classical physiotherapy program in patients with chronic low-back pain caused by lumbar disc hernia (LHNP). [Subjects and Methods] In total, 34 subjects were allocated randomly to the study (n=18) and control groups (n=16). In the study group, dry needling was applied using acupuncture needles. The control group performed a home exercise program in addition to hot pack, TENS, and ultrasound applications. Pain was assessed with the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Yu Zhang, Xiaopeng Wang, Fantao Kong, Yuyong Chen
A crack-free Ti-43Al-9V-0.2Y alloy sheet was successfully fabricated via hot-pack rolling at 1200 °C. After hot-rolling, the β/γ lamellar microstructure of the as-forged TiAl alloy was completely converted into a homogeneous duplex microstructure with an average γ grain size of 10.5 μm. The dynamic recrystallization (DRX) of the γ phase was systematically investigated. A recrystallization fraction of 62.5% was obtained for the γ phase in the TiAl alloy sheet, when a threshold value of 0.8° was applied to the distribution of grain orientation spread (GOS) values...
September 15, 2017: Materials
Hyun Ho Choi, Hikmet Najafov, Nikolai Kharlamov, Denis V Kuznetsov, Sergei I Didenko, Kilwon Cho, Alejandro L Briseno, Vitaly Podzorov
Photoinduced charge transfer between semiconductors and gate dielectrics can occur in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) operating under illumination, leading to a pronounced bias-stress effect in devices that are normally stable while operating in the dark. Here, we report an observation of a polarization-dependent photoinduced bias-stress effect in two prototypical single-crystal OFETs, based on rubrene and tetraphenylbis(indolo{1,2-a})quinolin. We find that the decay rate of the source-drain current in these OFETs under illumination is a periodic function of the polarization angle of incident photoexcitation with respect to the crystal axes, with a periodicity of π...
October 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shiroh Futaki, Ikuhiko Nakase
One of the recent hot topics in peptide-related chemical biology research is the potential of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). Owing to their ability to deliver exogenous molecules into cells easily and effectively, their flexible design that allows transporters to comprise various chemical structures and functions, and their potential in chemical and cell biology studies and clinical applications, CPPs have been attracting enormous interest among researchers in related fields. Consequently, publications on CPPs have increased significantly...
October 17, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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