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Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
November 29, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Rachael Reid, Séamus Fanning, Paul Whyte, Joe Kerry, Declan Bolton
Primals were prepared from beef Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL), psoas major (PM), quadriceps femoris (QF) and semitendinosus (S) muscles from cold and hot boned carcasses, vacuum-packaged and stored for 42 or 100days at 2°C and 7°C. Storage temperature, carcass or primal surface temperature, pH and aw were monitored. Samples were taken periodically and tested for total viable count mesophilic (TVCm), TVC psychrophilic (TVCp), total Enterobacteriaceae count (TEC), presumptive Pseudomonas spp., lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Clostridium spp...
November 17, 2016: Meat Science
Scott Creel, Nancy M Creel, Andrea M Creel, Bridget M Creel
As global temperatures increase, interactions between species are affected by changes in distribution, abundance and phenology, but also by changes in behavior. The heat dissipation limitation hypothesis suggests that the ability to dissipate heat commonly limits the activity of endotherms, a problem that should be particularly acute for cursorial predators and their prey in equatorial ecosystems. Allometric relationships suggest that heat dissipation should be a stronger constraint for larger species, so that (smaller) predators should be less affected than (larger) prey...
November 2016: Ecology
A De Visscher, S Piepers, F Haesebrouck, K Supré, S De Vliegher
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) have become the main pathogens causing bovine mastitis in recent years. A huge variation in species distribution among herds has been observed in several studies, emphasizing the need to identify subgroup- and species-specific herd-level factors to improve our understanding of the differences in ecological and epidemiological nature between species. The use of bulk milk samples enables the inclusion of a large(r) number of herds needed to identify herd-level risk factors and increases the likelihood of recovering enough isolates per species needed for conducting subgroup- and, eventually, species-specific analyses at the same time...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Justine J Owen, Whendee L Silver
Livestock agriculture is a major source of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, with a substantial proportion of emissions derived from manure management. Accurate estimates of emissions related to management practices and climate are needed for identifying the best approaches to minimize, and potentially mitigate, GHG emissions. Current emissions models such as those of the IPCC, however, are based on emissions factors that have not been broadly tested against field-scale measurements due to a lack of data...
November 11, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Zichao Ye, Lito P de la Rama, Mikhail Y Efremov, Jian-Min Zuo, Leslie H Allen
Approaching the ultimate limits of material sizes provides a route for designing new functional materials with extraordinary properties. We report the first systematic synthesis and characterization study of a wide range of highly ordered silver alkanethiolate (AgSCnH2n+1 or AgSCn, n = 1-16) aliphatic lamellae. Single crystalline multilayer AgSCn are synthesized by a modified solution reaction method. Hot toluene recrystallization or Ostwald ripening enhances the structural ordering of the lamellar crystals...
November 15, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Mohtashim Mansoor, Ibraheem Haneef, Suhail Akhtar, Muhammad Aftab Rafiq, Andrea De Luca, Syed Zeeshan Ali, Florin Udrea
An SOI CMOS multi-sensor MEMS chip, which can simultaneously measure temperature, pressure and flow rate, has been reported. The multi-sensor chip has been designed keeping in view the requirements of researchers interested in experimental fluid dynamics. The chip contains ten thermodiodes (temperature sensors), a piezoresistive-type pressure sensor and nine hot film-based flow rate sensors fabricated within the oxide layer of the SOI wafers. The silicon dioxide layers with embedded sensors are relieved from the substrate as membranes with the help of a single DRIE step after chip fabrication from a commercial CMOS foundry...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
Sibel Kibar, Hatice Ecem Konak, Deniz Evcik, Saime Ay
OBJECTIVE:  The present study aims to determine the effect of laser acupuncture in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). DESIGN:  Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING:  Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS:  A total 73 patients with SAIS were randomly assigned into a treatment group (n = 36) and a control group (n = 37). METHODS : The treatment group received laser acupuncture, and the control group received sham laser acupuncture...
November 5, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Lei Zhang, Sheng-Li Jiang, Yi Yu, Yao Long, Han-Yue Zhao, Li-Juan Peng, Jun Chen
The first-principles method is challenged by accurate prediction of van der Waals interactions, which are ubiquitous in nature and crucial for determining the structure of molecules and condensed matter. We have contributed to this by constructing a set of pseudopotentials and pseudoatomic orbital basis specialized for molecular systems consisting of C/H/N/O elements. The reliability of the present method is verified from the interaction energies of 45 kinds of complexes (comparing with CCSD(T)) and the crystalline structures of 23 kinds of typical explosive solids (comparing with experiments)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Youju Huang, Liwei Dai, Liping Song, Lei Zhang, Yun Rong, Jiawei Zhang, Zhihong Nie, Tao Chen
We present the uniform and high-yield synthesis of a novel gold nanostructure of compass shape composed of a Au sphere at the central and two gradually thinning conical tips at the opposed poles. The Au compass shapes were synthesized through a seed-mediated growth approach employing a binary mixture of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium oleate (NaOL) as the structure-directing agents. Under the condition of single surfactant (CTAB), the spherical seeds tend to grow into larger spherical Au nanoparticles (NPs); while the spherical seeds favor the formation of Au compass shaped NPs using two mixed surfactants (CTAB/NaOL)...
October 4, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Recep Vatansever, Mehmet Emin Uras, Ugur Sen, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz
A transcription factor DREB1A (dehydration-responsive element-binding 1A) gene was amplified and sequenced from the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). PvDREB1A had a 777 base pairs (bp) open reading frame encoding a protein of 225 residues. The protein sequence contained a conserved DNA-binding AP2 domain of about 60 residues and a nuclear localization signal (NLS) at N-terminus site. PvDREB1A demonstrated high homology with other DREB1 members only in AP2 domain and NLS site. The phylogenetic distribution of different DREB members showed three main groups as DREB1-3 and PvDREB1A was a member of DREB1 group...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Si-Huei Lee, Shih-Ching Yeh, Rai-Chi Chan, Shuya Chen, Geng Yang, Li-Rong Zheng
Objective. This study aims to extract motor ingredients through data mining from wearable sensors in a virtual reality goal-directed shoulder rehabilitation (GDSR) system and to examine their effects toward clinical assessment. Design. A single-group before/after comparison. Setting. Outpatient research hospital. Subjects. 16 patients with frozen shoulder. Interventions. The rehabilitation treatment involved GDSR exercises, hot pack, and interferential therapy. All patients first received hot pack and interferential therapy on the shoulder joints before engaging in the exercises...
2016: BioMed Research International
Megan L Keen, Kevin C Miller
: Clinical Scenario: Exercise performed in hot and humid environments increases core body temperature (TC). If TC exceeds 40°C for prolonged periods of time, exertional heat stroke (EHS) may occur. EHS is one of the leading causes of sudden death in athletes. Mortality and morbidity increase the longer the patient's TC remains above 40°C; thus, it is imperative to initiate cooling as quickly as possible. "Acceptable" cooling rates in EHS situations are between 0.08°C·min-1 and 0.15°C·min-1 while "ideal" cooling rates are above 0...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Taerin Chung, Tugba Koker, Fabien Pinaud
The assembly of plasmonic metal nanoparticles into hot spot surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanocluster probes is a powerful, yet challenging approach for ultrasensitive biosensing. Scaffolding strategies based on self-complementary peptides and proteins are of increasing interest for these assemblies, but the electronic and the photonic properties of such hybrid nanoclusters remain difficult to predict and optimize. Here, split-green fluorescence protein (sGFP) fragments are used as molecular glue and the GFP chromophore is used as a Raman reporter to assemble a variety of gold nanoparticle (AuNP) clusters and explore their plasmonic properties by numerical modeling...
September 8, 2016: Small
Şükrü Burak Tönük, Erdinc Serin, Fikriye Figen Ayhan, Zeynep Rezan Yorgancioglu
To investigate the effects of physical agents on the levels of stress hormones in patients with osteoarthritis (OA).Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, hot packs, and therapeutic ultrasound were applied to the lumbar region and knees of patients with OA. Blood samples were taken for the measurement of the serum levels of glucose, insulin (INS), growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), cortisol (COR), and plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immediately before and after the 1st session, to investigate the acute effects of those physical agents on the endocrine system...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yan Qian, Xinwen Zhang, Linghai Xie, Dianpeng Qi, Bevita K Chandran, Xiaodong Chen, Wei Huang
Stretchable electronics are essential for the development of intensely packed collapsible and portable electronics, wearable electronics, epidermal and bioimplanted electronics, 3D surface compliable devices, bionics, prosthesis, and robotics. However, most stretchable devices are currently based on inorganic electronics, whose high cost of fabrication and limited processing area make it difficult to produce inexpensive, large-area devices. Therefore, organic stretchable electronics are highly attractive due to many advantages over their inorganic counterparts, such as their light weight, flexibility, low cost and large-area solution-processing, the reproducible semiconductor resources, and the easy tuning of their properties via molecular tailoring...
November 2016: Advanced Materials
Masahiro Kurita, Ryuichi Arakawa, Hideya Kawasaki
We presented the fabrication of a silver nanoparticle (Ag NP) functionalized glass fiber (Ag-GF) substrate for combined surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy (SERS)/surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization (SALDI) mass spectrometry. Ag NPs were immobilized onto the surface of glass fibers through a simple sputter deposition process. The SERS and SALDI activities strongly depended on the nanostructures of the deposited Ag NPs on the GFs. The closely-packed Ag NPs with a size of 20-50 nm and an inter-particle nanoscale gap of less than 10 nm were effective for the simultaneously enhanced SERS/SALDI substrate via plasmonic/thermal "hot spots", while the interconnected continuous Ag film reduced both the SERS/SALDI activities...
October 21, 2016: Analyst
J K A T Rajika, Mahinsasa Narayana
This study focuses on modelling and simulation of horizontal moving bed/grate wood chip combustor. A standalone finite volume based 2-D steady state Euler-Euler Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was developed for packed bed combustion. Packed bed combustion of a medium scale biomass combustor, which was retrofitted from wood log to wood chip feeding for Tea drying in Sri Lanka, was evaluated by a CFD simulation study. The model was validated by the experimental results of an industrial biomass combustor for a hot air generation system in tea industry...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yue Zhang, Brice Freeman, Pingjiao Hao, Gary T Rochelle
A hybrid system combining amine scrubbing with membrane technology for carbon capture from natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants is proposed in this paper. In this process, the CO2 in the flue gas can be enriched from 4% to 18% by the membrane, and the amine scrubbing system will have lower capture costs. Aqueous piperazine (PZ) is chosen as the solvent. Different direct contact cooler (DCC) options, multiple absorber operating conditions, optimal intercooling designs, and different cooling options have been evaluated across a wide range of inlet CO2...
October 20, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Şebnem Koldaş Doğan, Saime Ay, Deniz Evcik
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two different laser therapy regimens on pain, lumbar range of motions (ROM) and functional capacity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Forty nine patients with CLBP were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (n= 20) received hot-pack + laser therapy 1 (wavelength of 850 nm Gallium-Aluminum-Arsenide (Ga-Al-As) laser); group 2 (n= 29) received hot-pack + laser therapy 2 (wavelength of 650 nm Helyum-Neon (He-Ne), 785 ve 980 nm Gal-Al-As combined plaque laser) for 15 sessions...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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