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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624770/hot-off-the-press-topical-tranexamic-acid-compared-with-anterior-nasal-packing-for-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-patients-taking-antiplatelet-drugs
#1
Justin Morgenstern, Sahaana Rangarajan, Corey Heitz, Chris Bond, William K Milne
This is a non-blinded, randomized controlled trial comparing topical TXA and anterior nasal packing in the treatment of anterior epistaxis in patients on antiplatelet medications whose bleeding persisted despite 20 minutes of pressure. Patients were randomized to either TXA (a cotton pledget soaked with 500 mg of TXA and inserted into the affected nostril until hemostasis was achieved) or anterior nasal packing (pretreatment with a cotton pledget soaked in epinephrine and 2% lidocaine for 10 minutes followed by anterior nasal packing with tetracycline ointment left in situ for 3 days)...
April 6, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589380/massage-reflexology-and-other-manual-methods-for-pain-management-in-labour
#2
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Kate M Levett, Carmel T Collins, Hannah G Dahlen, Carolyn C Ee, Machiko Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour, and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined the evidence currently available on manual methods, including massage and reflexology, for pain management in labour. This review is an update of the review first published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect, safety and acceptability of massage, reflexology and other manual methods to manage pain in labour...
March 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570625/impact-of-scyphozoan-venoms-on-human-health-and-current-first-aid-options-for-stings
#3
REVIEW
Alessia Remigante, Roberta Costa, Rossana Morabito, Giuseppa La Spada, Angela Marino, Silvia Dossena
Cnidaria include the most venomous animals of the world. Among Cnidaria, Scyphozoa (true jellyfish) are ubiquitous, abundant, and often come into accidental contact with humans and, therefore, represent a threat for public health and safety. The venom of Scyphozoa is a complex mixture of bioactive substances-including thermolabile enzymes such as phospholipases, metalloproteinases, and, possibly, pore-forming proteins-and is only partially characterized. Scyphozoan stings may lead to local and systemic reactions via toxic and immunological mechanisms; some of these reactions may represent a medical emergency...
March 23, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513104/evaluation-of-hot-water-gaseous-chlorine-dioxide-and-chlorine-treatments-in-combination-with-an-edible-coating-for-enhancing-safety-quality-and-shelf-life-of-fresh-cut-cantaloupes
#4
Cristina Alicea, Bassam A Annous, Daiza P Mendez, Angela Burke, Lynette E Orellana
Fresh-cut cantaloupes have been implicated in numerous foodborne outbreaks of salmonellosis. Commercial aqueous wash treatments are limited in their ability to inactivate Salmonella enterica. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of hot water, gaseous chlorine dioxide, and chlorine on enhancing microbial safety and sensory qualities of fresh-cut cantaloupes. Cantaloupes were inoculated with an S. enterica cocktail (serovars Michigan, Mbandaka, and Poona) and treated with chlorine (200 ppm of free chlorine) for 40 min, 5 mg/L gaseous chlorine dioxide for 4...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492054/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intermittent-cervical-traction-in-sitting-vs-supine-position-for-the-management-of-cervical-radiculopathy
#5
Rehan Ramzan Khan, Waqar Ahmad Awan, Sajid Rashid, Tahir Masood
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of intermittent cervical Traction in sitting vs. supine position for the management of cervical radiculopathy. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was done to compare pain and disability modification of cervical radiculopathy patients by using cervical traction in sitting and supine positions. Forty patients (males and females aged between 18-60 years with chronic cervical radiculopathy) were recruited for the trial. Participants were randomized into two homogeneous groups by dice method...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464539/use-of-discriminant-analysis-for-the-evaluation-of-coccidiosis-resistance-parameters-in-chickens-raised-in-hot-humid-tropical-environment
#6
A S Adenaike, S O Peters, M A Adeleke, A O Fafiolu, M I Takeet, C O N Ikeobi
Coccidiosis endemicity remains a major challenge in poultry production in the tropics and all over the world. In order to develop predictive tool for identification of chickens that are at risk of coccidiosis among Nigerian indigenous chickens, body weight gain (BWG) and hematological variables were determined for chickens infected with Eimeria tenella (female = 60, male = 63) and uninfected (female = 51, male = 45). The hematological variables analyzed include the following: packed cell volume (PCV, %), white blood cells (WBC, × 106 /μl), and red blood cells (RBC, × 106 /μl), as well as differential leucocyte percentages of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils...
February 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442846/thermo-electric-properties-of-cu-and-ni-nanoparticles-packed-beds
#7
Zi-Zhen Lin, Cong-Liang Huang, Zun Huang
The hot-wire method and the four-probe resistivity method are applied to probe the thermal conductivity (k) and the electric conductivity (σ) of Cu and Ni nanoparticle packed beds (NPBs). A fitting method based on classical physical theory is devised to separate ke (electronic thermal conductivity) and kp (phonon thermal conductivity) from k at room temperature. Results turn out that kp only accounts for a small proportion of k (4-20%); the proportion decreases with increasing porosity or temperature. Most importantly, this fitting method provides a simple way to separate ke and kp from k at room temperature...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429386/r516q-mutation-in-melanoma-differentiation-associated-protein-5-mda5-and-its-pathogenic-role-towards-rare-singleton-merton-syndrome-a-signature-associated-molecular-dynamics-study
#8
P Raghuraman, C Sudandiradoss
Singleton Merton syndrome, a critical and rare multifactorial disorder that is closely linked to R516Q mutation in MDA5 protein associated with an enhanced interferon response in the affected individual. In the present study, we provide conclusive key evidence on R516Q mutation and their connectivity towards sequence-structural basis dysfunction of MDA5 protein. Among the various mutations, we found R516Q is the most pathogenic mutation based on mutational signature Q-A-[RE]-G-R-[GA]-R-A-[ED]-[DE]-S-[ST]-Y-[TSAV]-L-V designed from our work...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405818/comparison-of-muscle-temperature-increases-produced-by-moist-hot-pack-and-thermostim-probe
#9
Jennifer Ostrowski
BACKGROUND: ThermoStim Probe (TSP) has recently joined the market as a superficial heating modality. While there is limited research into the intramuscular heating capability of superficial heating modalities in general (moist hot pack, paraffin, warm whirlpool), no previous research has examined intramuscular heating capability of TSP. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate rate and magnitude of intramuscular heating via TSP as compared to hydrocollator moist hot pack (MHP); determine if TSP can increase tissue temperature 3-4°C (vigorous heating range)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402130/behavioral-and-hematological-responses-of-broiler-chickens-administered-with-betaine-and-ascorbic-acid-during-hot-dry-season
#10
Ifeanyichukwu C Egbuniwe, Joseph O Ayo, Mohammed U Kawu, Aliyu Mohammed
Heat stress is a major problem in poultry production in tropical regions. Assessing the impact of thermally stressful environmental conditions on the welfare of broiler chickens is of great importance. Behavioral responses in a novel environment and hematology of broiler chickens administered with betaine and/or ascorbic acid (AA) during the hot-dry season were evaluated. Broiler chickens were randomly divided into four groups: Group I (control) was given sterile water, Group II was given betaine, Group III was given AA, and Group IV received betaine + AA orally and daily for 42 days...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346971/drag-force-in-a-cold-or-hot-granular-medium
#11
A Seguin, P Gondret
We measure experimentally and analyze the resisting force exerted by a bidimensional packing of small disks on a larger intruder disk dragged horizontally at constant velocity V_{0}. Depending on the vibration level of the packing that leads to a granular "cold" or "hot" packing, two force regimes are observed. At low vibration level ("cold" granular medium), the drag force F does not depend on V_{0}, whereas for high vibrations ("hot" granular medium), the drag force increases linearly with V_{0}...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346720/nanoscale-control-of-molecular-self-assembly-induced-by-plasmonic-hot-electron-dynamics
#12
Sabrina Simoncelli, Yi Li, Emiliano Cortés, Stefan A Maier
Self-assembly processes allow designing and creating complex nanostructures using molecules as building blocks and surfaces as scaffolds. This autonomous driven construction is possible due to a complex thermodynamic balance of molecule-surface interactions. As such, nanoscale guidance and control over this process is hard to achieve. Here we use the highly localized light-to-chemical-energy conversion of plasmonic materials to spatially cleave Au-S bonds on predetermined locations within a single nanoparticle, enabling a high degree of control over this archetypal system for molecular self-assembly...
March 27, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319237/regional-differences-in-purkinje-cell-morphology-in-the-cerebellar-vermis-of-male-mice
#13
Hermina Nedelescu, Mohamed Abdelhack, Arwel T Pritchard
Regional differences in dendritic architecture can influence connectivity and dendritic signal integration, with possible consequences for neuronal computation. In the cerebellum, analyses of Purkinje cells (PCs), which are functionally critical as they provide the sole output of the cerebellar cortex, have suggested that the cerebellar cortex is not uniform in structure as traditionally assumed. However, the limitations of traditional staining methods and microscopy capabilities have presented difficulties in investigating possible local variations in PC morphology...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241713/effects-of-superficial-heating-and-insulation-on-walking-speed-in-people-with-hereditary-and-spontaneous-spastic-paraparesis-a-randomised-crossover-study
#14
Amanda L Denton, Alan D Hough, Jennifer A Freeman, Jonathan F Marsden
OBJECTIVES: Cooling of the lower limb in people with Hereditary and Spontaneous Spastic Paraparesis (pwHSSP) has been shown to affect walking speed and neuromuscular impairments. The investigation of practical strategies, which may help to alleviate these problems is important. The potential of superficial heat to improve walking speed has not been explored in pwHSSP. Primary objective was to explore whether the application of superficial heat (hot packs) to lower limbs in pwHSSP improves walking speed...
March 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184307/does-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-simultaneously-combined-with-local-heat-and-cold-applications-enhance-pain-relief-compared-with-tens-alone-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Takaya Maeda, Hideki Yoshida, Tomoyuki Sasaki, Atsushi Oda
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat and cold applications enhances pain relief compared with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Fourty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to the following three interventions: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation simultaneously combined with local heat using a hot pack; combined with local cold using a cold pack; and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation alone...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160551/effects-of-pilates-and-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-sonographic-study
#16
Naime Uluğ, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A randomized study. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into 3 groups as follows: Pilates group (n = 20), yoga group (n = 18) and isometric group (n = 18)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137745/intensification-of-heat-transfer-during-mild-thermal-treatment-of-dry-cured-ham-by-using-airborne-ultrasound
#17
M Contreras, J Benedito, J Bon, J V Garcia-Perez
The application of power ultrasound (PuS) could be used as a novel technology with which to intensify thermal treatments using hot air. Mild thermal treatments have been applied to improve the soft texture of dry-cured ham caused by defective processing. In this regard, the aim of this study was to assess the kinetic intensification linked to the application of airborne PuS in the mild thermal treatment using hot air of dry-cured ham. For this purpose, vacuum packed cylindrical samples (2.52±0.11cm in diameter and 1...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124059/evaluation-of-three-hydration-strategies-in-detection-dogs-working-in-a-hot-environment
#18
Cynthia M Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L Nord, Shannon M Palermo, Kathleen M Kelsey, Tracy A Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman
Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W), oral electrolyte solutions (OESs), and administration of subcutaneous fluids (SQs). None of these methods have been compared for safety or efficacy in a working environment. In a cross-over design, seven vehicle-screening canines were randomly assigned to each of the three hydration strategies during working shifts at the Sarita, TX checkpoint...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122255/the-medium-term-effects-of-diadynamic-currents-in-chronic-low-back-pain-tens-versus-diadynamic-currents-a-randomised-follow-up-study
#19
Selcuk Sayilir, Mustafa Turgut Yildizgoren
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to evaluate the medium-term effects of diadynamic (DD) currents on relieving symptoms/improving physical functionality in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) and to compare the efficacy of DD versus TENS. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups as the TENS group (n = 26) and the DD group (n = 29). Additional treatment of hot pack + therapeutic ultrasound was applied to all patients. The therapy programs were administered as a total of 10 sessions over a period of 2 weeks...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114516/comparative-effectiveness-of-lumbar-stabilization-dynamic-strengthening-and-pilates-on-chronic-low-back-pain-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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