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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593864/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-egg-and-milk-immunotherapy-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-ii
#1
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow´s milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Treatments such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guides on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop a clinical guide on OIT based on the available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published in the period between 1984 and June 2016, Doctoral Theses published in Spain, and summaries of communications at congresses (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, AAAAI), with evaluation of the opinion consensus established by a group of experts pertaining to the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593863/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-egg-and-milk-immunotherapy-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-i
#2
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow´s milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Treatments such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guides on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop a clinical guide on OIT based on the available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published in the period between 1984 and June 2016, Doctoral Theses published in Spain, and summaries of communications at congresses (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, AAAAI), with evaluation of the opinion consensus established by a group of experts pertaining to the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552874/intake-of-diet-including-1-ovomucoid-for-4-weeks-induces-oral-desensitization-in-ovomucoid-specific-allergic-mouse-model
#3
Akihiro Maeta, Yoko Sakamoto, Sayo Yuki, Kyoko Takahashi
We propose a new oral immunotherapy (OIT) method that includes a small amount of a food allergen in the diet. However, it is not clear whether this method will induce oral desensitization and immune tolerance. Therefore, we investigated the therapeutic effectiveness using a 1% food allergen diet in an allergic mouse model. C3H/HeJ mice were sensitized to ovomucoid (OM) in alum four times at 12-d intervals. Sensitized mice were divided into two groups: the OIT group (19% casein diet with 1% OM) and the non-treated group (20% casein diet without OM)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549059/elimination-diet-and-the-development-of-multiple-tree-nut-allergies
#4
Arnon Elizur, Jennifer B Bollyky, Whitney M Block
BACKGROUNDDespite its high prevalence, relatively little is known about the characteristics of patients with multiple tree-nuts allergies.METHODSPatients (n=60, aged 4-15 years), recruited for a multiple food (tree-nuts, peanut, milk, egg, soy, sesame and wheat) oral immunotherapy (OIT) study, filled a questionnaire on their initial allergy evaluation. Medical records were reviewed. At OIT enrollment (median interval, 7.5 years), patients underwent oral food challenges (OFC) to foods still eliminated.RESULTSThere was significantly less evidence for eliminating tree-nuts compared to other foods, as reflected by lower rate of acute reaction to the offending food, either as the trigger for initial allergy evaluation (5...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542911/changes-in-patient-quality-of-life-during-oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy
#5
N Epstein Rigbi, M R Goldberg, M B Levy, L Nachshon, K Golobov, A Elizur
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is impaired in patients with food allergy and improves following oral immunotherapy (OIT). However, the treatment itself is prolonged and demanding. We examined changes in patient QOL during OIT for food allergy. METHODS: The FAQLQ-PF was administered to children aged 4-12 years undergoing OIT for milk, peanut, or egg allergy, at the beginning and after 4 months of treatment. Patients were categorized as improved, unchanged, or diminished FAQLQ-PF (>0...
May 22, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479335/allergen-specific-igg-antibodies-signaling-via-fc%C3%AE-riib-promote-food-tolerance
#6
Oliver T Burton, Jaciel M Tamayo, Amanda J Stranks, Kyle J Koleoglou, Hans C Oettgen
BACKGROUND: Food-allergic subjects produce high-titer IgE antibodies that bind to mast cells via FcεRI and trigger immediate hypersensitivity reactions upon antigen encounter. Food-specific IgG antibodies arise in the setting of naturally resolving food allergy and accompany the acquisition of food allergen unresponsiveness in oral immunotherapy (OIT). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to delineate the effects of IgG and its inhibitory Fc receptor, FcγRIIb, on both de novo allergen sensitization in naïve animals and on established immune responses in the setting of pre-existing food allergy...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473195/-does-fertility-treatment-increase-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-current-knowledge-and-meta-analysis
#7
V Gabriele, J-C Benabu, J Ohl, C Akladios Youssef, C Mathelin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to assess the level of risk of breast cancer for women exposed to ovulation-inducing therapy (OIT). METHODS: The 25 selected studies were extracted from the PUBMED database from January 2000 until March 2016 with the following key-words: "fertility agents", "infertility treatments", "clomiphene citrate", "buserelin", "ovarian stimulation", "assisted reproductive technology" and "breast cancer". Our meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager software, Cochrane Collaboration, 2014...
May 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466667/side-effects-and-their-impact-on-the-success-of-milk-oral-immunotherapy-oit-in-children
#8
Francesca Mori, Antonella Cianferoni, Alice Brambilla, Simona Barni, Lucrezia Sarti, Neri Pucci, Maurizio de Martino, Elio Novembre
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been introduced as a new immune-modulating treatment under investigation for food allergies. The aim of our study was to evaluate the success of OIT in a cohort of children with milk allergy. These children underwent OIT in a clinical practice and were followed for up to ten years. The secondary endpoint was to describe the main adverse events during OIT and compare them to those reported in the literature. Eighty-two milk-allergic children started OIT. According to the OIT endpoint reached after one year, all of the children enrolled in the study were divided into four groups: complete desensitization; partial desensitization; step down; and stop groups...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417624/cow-s-milk-desensitization-in-anaphylactic-patients-a-new-personalized-dose-method
#9
Delara Babaie, Mohammad Nabavi, Saba Arshi, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Mohammad Hasan Bemanian, Mitra Tafakori, Mehrdad Amirmoini, Hosein Esmailzadeh, Rasoul Molatefi, Mahsa Rekabi, Nadieh Akbarpour, Farimah Masoumi, Morteza Fallahpour
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most frequent food allergy in children and oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising approach for treatment of patients. The most challenging cases are anaphylactic with coexisting asthma and proposing safe protocols is crucial especially in high risk groups. Considering that CMA varies among patients, an individualized OIT protocol would be beneficial to achieve a safer and more efficient method of desensitization. 18 children more than 3 years of age with IgE-mediated CMA were enrolled...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414061/mechanistic-correlates-of-clinical-responses-to-omalizumab-in-the-setting-of-oral-immunotherapy-for-milk-allergy
#10
Pamela A Frischmeyer-Guerrerio, Madhan Masilamani, Wenjuan Gu, Erica Brittain, Robert Wood, Jennifer Kim, Kari Nadeau, Kirsi M Jarvinen, Alexander Grishin, Robert Lindblad, Hugh A Sampson
BACKGROUND: In our recent clinical trial, the addition of omalizumab to oral immunotherapy (OIT) for milk allergy improved safety but no significant clinical benefit was detected. OBJECTIVE: To investigate mechanisms by which omalizumab modulates immunity in the context of OIT, and to identify baseline biomarkers that predict subgroups of patients most likely to benefit from omalizumab. METHODS: Blood was obtained at baseline and multiple time-points during a placebo-controlled trial of OIT for milk allergy where subjects were randomized to receive omalizumab or placebo...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397833/safety-and-efficacy-of-short-term-oral-immunotherapy-with-cry-j-1-galactomannan-conjugate-for-japanese-cedar-pollinosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Daisuke Murakami, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Hirofumi Omori, Akira Saito, Akio Kato, Shizuo Komune, Takashi Nakagawa
Current allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) for pollinosis requires long-term treatment with potentially severe side effects. Therefore, development of an AIT that is safe and more convenient with a shorter regimen is needed. This prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized 55 participants with Japanese cedar pollinosis (JCP) to active or placebo groups to test the safety and efficacy of short-term oral immunotherapy (OIT) with Cry j 1-galactomannan conjugate for JCP. Mean symptom-medication score as the primary outcome in the active group improved 27...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397379/b-fahf-2-plus-oral-immunotherapy-oit-is-safer-and-more-effective-than-oit-alone-in-a-murine-model-of-concurrent-peanut-tree-nut-allergy
#12
Kamal D Srivastava, Ying Song, Nan Yang, Changda Liu, Ilan E Goldberg, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Hugh A Sampson, Xiu-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Concurrent sensitization to peanut (PN) and tree nuts (TN), the most dangerous food allergies, is common. Current oral immunotherapy (OIT) is not fully satisfactory. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the herbal formula B-FAHF-2 (BF2) ameliorates PN/TN OIT adverse reactions and enhances persistence of a tolerant state. METHODS: Concurrently sensitized peanut, walnut (WN) and cashew (CSH) allergic mice received 1 day PN/WN/CSH rush OIT plus 3 weeks of maintenance dosing, with or without 3-weeks prior and 3-weeks BF2 co-treatment...
April 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375933/use-of-biologics-in-severe-food-allergies
#13
Alessandro Fiocchi, Valentina Pecora, Rocco L Valluzzi, Vincenzo Fierro, Maurizio Mennini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe cases of food allergy account for the majority of the burden in terms of risks, quality of life, and resource expenditure. The traditional approach to these forms has been strict avoidance. More recently, Oral ImmunoTherapy (OIT) has gained a role in their management. However, in severe food allergies OIT is often infeasible. RECENT FINDINGS: Case reports, observational, and prospective studies have recently proposed different approaches to severe food allergy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362675/novel-immunotherapy-and-treatment-modality-for-severe-food-allergies
#14
Ken-Ichi Nagakura, Sakura Sato, Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, many studies on oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been conducted; however, few have focused on severe food allergies. The purpose of this review was to assess the efficacy and safety of oral immunotherapies for patients with severe food allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: We reviewed multiple immunotherapy reports published within a few years or reports focusing on severe food allergies. We also investigated recent studies on OIT and novel food allergy management...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343951/orthopedic-in-training-examination-a-performance-review-based-on-program-and-resident-specific-characteristics
#15
Christopher L Camp, Ryan M Degen, Norman S Turner, Arlen D Hanssen, Matthew D Karam, Joshua S Dines
OBJECTIVES: The orthopedic in-training examination (OITE) is the most common and objective method used to assess resident knowledge in the United States. As such, residents and programs use a number of strategies to maximize OITE performance. The purpose of this work was to better understand what strategies were being implemented and to determine which program-specific and resident-specific characteristics best correlate with improved scores. DESIGN: A national survey of orthopedic residents and program directors (PDs) was performed to better understand OITE performance and correlate scores with various test preparation strategies...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285847/japanese-guidelines-for-food-allergy-2017
#16
REVIEW
Motohiro Ebisawa, Komei Ito, Takao Fujisawa
Five years have passed since the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for Food Allergy (JPGFA) was first revised in 2011 from its original version. As many scientific papers related to food allergy have been published during the last 5 years, the second major revision of the JPGFA was carried out in 2016. In this guideline, food allergies are generally classified into four clinical types: (1) neonatal and infantile gastrointestinal allergy, (2) infantile atopic dermatitis associated with food allergy, (3) immediate-type of food allergy (urticaria, anaphylaxis, etc...
April 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283151/immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-are-we-there-yet
#17
Yael Gernez, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Current clinical research focuses on food allergen-specific immunotherapy through oral (OIT), sublingual (SLIT), or epicutaneous (EPIT) routes. Immunotherapy relies on the delivery of gradually increasing doses of specific allergens to induce desensitization (defined as temporary antigen hyporesponsiveness that depends on regular food ingestion) and, ultimately, tolerance (defined as the ability to ingest food without symptoms despite prolonged periods of avoidance or irregular intake). Although the majority of the patients treated with OIT achieve desensitization, only a minority achieves tolerance...
March 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174143/contact-allergy-caused-by-isothiazolinone-derivatives-an-overview-of-non-cosmetic-and-unusual-cosmetic-sources
#18
Olivier Aerts, An Goossens, Julien Lambert, Jean-Pierre Lepoittevin
The isothiazolinone derivatives, methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI), methylisothiazolinone (MI), benzisothiazolinone (BIT), and octylisothiazolinone (OIT), owing to their strong bactericide, fungicide and algicide properties, are widely used in non-cosmetic products, such as chemical (industrial) products, household detergents, and water-based paints, and the former two derivatives are also used in cosmetic products. However, given their inherent sensitization potential (with MCI > MI > BIT > OIT), allergic contact dermatitis is frequently observed, both in consumers as well as workers in various industries...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149219/levels-of-evidence-for-hand-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination
#19
Louis C Grandizio, James C Huston, Stephanie S Shim, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
Background: Although analyses of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) subspecialty content domains have been performed, few studies have analyzed the levels of evidence (LoEs) for journal articles used as references to create OITE questions. We present an analysis of reference characteristics and question taxonomy for the hand surgery content domain on the OITE. We aim to determine whether level of evidence (LoE) for hand surgery questions have increased over a 15-year period. Methods: All questions and references in the hand surgery content domain on the OITE from 1995-1997 and 2010-2012 were reviewed...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132800/preparation-and-analysis-of-peanut-flour-used-in-oral-immunotherapy-clinical-trials
#20
Jelena P Berglund, Nicole Szczepanski, Anusha Penumarti, Ayeshia Beavers, Janelle Kesselring, Kelly Orgel, Bruce Burnett, A Wesley Burks, Michael Kulis
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an investigational therapeutic approach for the treatment of food allergies. Characterization of the drug product used in oral immunotherapy trials for peanut allergy has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To quantify relative amounts of the major peanut allergens and microbial load present in peanut flour used in OIT trials and assess whether these parameters change over a 12-month period. We also anticipate that this report will serve as a guide for investigators seeking to conduct OIT trials under Food and Drug Administration-approved Investigational New Drug applications...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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