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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#1
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329106/evaluating-distinctions-in-the-assessment-of-late-life-disability
#2
Thomas M Gill, Christianna S Williams
Background: By including categories for accommodations and reduced frequency, to supplement earlier classifications of difficulty and dependence, a new 5-category functional scale has the potential to distinguish finer gradations in disability but the hierarchical nature and advantages of this scale over alternative scales are uncertain. Methods: Using data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 7,609), we conducted a series of: cross-sectional analyses that focused on the hierarchical consistency of responses in the 5-category scale; and longitudinal analyses that focused on predictive accuracy for mortality and functional dependence, comparing the 5-category scale with three simpler scales, having only three or four categories...
February 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296516/eye-disorders-among-adult-people-diagnosed-with-infantile-autism-in-childhood-a-longitudinal-case-control-study
#3
Svend Erik Mouridsen, Bente Rich, Torben Isager
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence and types of eye disorders in a clinical sample of 118 adult people diagnosed with infantile autism (IA) during childhood with 336 sex- and age-matched controls from the general population. METHODS: All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average observation time of both groups was 37.2 years, and mean age was 49.6 years, by the end of the observation period...
March 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275086/the-autism-epidemic-ethical-legal-and-social-issues-in-a-developmental-spectrum-disorder
#4
William D Graf, Geoffrey Miller, Leon G Epstein, Isabelle Rapin
Classic autism has gradually evolved into the concept of a larger "spectrum disorder." The rising prevalence of autism and autism spectrum disorder (autism/ASD) diagnoses can be largely attributed to broader diagnostic criteria, adoption of dimensional assessment strategies, increased awareness, linking of services to diagnosis, and the inclusion of milder neurodevelopmental differences bordering on normality. The spectrum disorder diagnosis raises numerous bioethical issues for individuals and society. Three groups of caregivers have important ethical, legal, and social obligations to individuals with autism/ASD: (1) families and advocates of individuals with autism/ASD; (2) health care and other professionals; and (3) governments...
March 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247558/feasibility-of-electronic-peer-mentoring-for-transition-age-youth-and-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-project-teens-making-environment-and-activity-modifications
#5
Jessica M Kramer, Cathryn T Ryan, Rachel Moore, Ariel Schwartz
BACKGROUND: There is a need for mentoring interventions in which transition-age youth and young adults with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (I/DD) participate as both mentors and mentees. Project TEAM (Teens making Environment and Activity Modifications) is a problem-solving intervention that includes an electronic peer-mentoring component. METHODS: Forty-two mentees and nine mentors with I/DD participated. The present authors analysed recorded peer-mentoring calls and field notes for mentee engagement, mentor achievement of objectives and supports needed to implement peer mentoring...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224415/effectiveness-of-workplace-interventions-in-return-to-work-for-musculoskeletal-pain-related-and-mental-health-conditions-an-update-of-the-evidence-and-messages-for-practitioners
#6
REVIEW
K L Cullen, E Irvin, A Collie, F Clay, U Gensby, P A Jennings, S Hogg-Johnson, V Kristman, M Laberge, D McKenzie, S Newnam, A Palagyi, R Ruseckaite, D M Sheppard, S Shourie, I Steenstra, D Van Eerd, B C Amick
Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188283/the-deaf-mentoring-survey-a-community-cultural-wealth-framework-for-measuring-mentoring-effectiveness-with-underrepresented-students
#7
Derek C Braun, Cara Gormally, M Diane Clark
Disabled individuals, women, and individuals from cultural/ethnic minorities continue to be underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Research has shown that mentoring improves retention for underrepresented individuals. However, existing mentoring surveys were developed to assess the majority population, not underrepresented individuals. We describe the development of a next-generation mentoring survey built upon capital theory and critical race theory. It emphasizes community cultural wealth, thought to be instrumental to the success of individuals from minority communities...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185560/inequalities-in-socio-economic-characteristics-and-health-and-wellbeing-of-men-with-and-without-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#8
Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Sash Sahabandu, Allison Milner, Rebecca Bentley, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jane Pirkis, David Studdert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, men with disabilities have higher rates of social and economic disadvantage and poorer health and wellbeing than men without disabilities. No single study has provided comprehensive, population-level information about the magnitude of such differences among adult men using a well-validated instrument to measure disability. METHODS: We analysed baseline data from Ten to Men - an Australian longitudinal study of male health. Ten to Men used a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design to recruit a national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181873/does-protecting-older-workers-from-discrimination-make-it-harder-to-get-hired-evidence-from-disability-discrimination-laws
#9
David Neumark, Joanne Song, Patrick Button
We explore the effects of disability discrimination laws on hiring of older workers. A concern with antidiscrimination laws is that they may reduce hiring by raising the cost of terminations and-in the specific case of disability discrimination laws-raising the cost of employment because of the need to accommodate disabled workers. Moreover, disability discrimination laws can affect nondisabled older workers because they are fairly likely to develop work-related disabilities, but are generally not protected by these laws...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165209/responsiveness-to-difference-ada-accommodations-in-the-course-of-an-arrest
#10
Robyn Levin
When the Supreme Court heard argument in City & County of San Francisco v. Sheehan in the spring of 2015, it intended to resolve a circuit split. In granting certiorari, the Court planned to clarify whether individuals with disabilities can sue police officers under the ADA if an officer fails to accommodate a disability in the course of an arrest. However, because the petitioners failed to brief the Court on that question, the portion of the case involving the ADA was dismissed as improvidently granted. Justices Scalia and Kagan were so enraged by the failure to brief on the "certworthy" question that they issued a partial dissent, refusing to issue opinions on any of the attendant issues...
January 2017: Stanford Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#11
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132415/older-people-receiving-family-based-support-in-the-community-a-survey-of-quality-of-life-among-users-of-shared-lives-in-england
#12
Lisa Callaghan, Nadia Brookes, Sinead Palmer
Shared Lives (adult placement) is a model of community-based support where an adult who needs support and/or accommodation moves into or regularly visits the home of an approved Shared Lives carer, after they have been matched for compatibility. It is an established but small service which has been used mainly by people with learning disabilities but which has the potential to offer an alternative to traditional services for some older people. However, there is little research on the outcomes for older users of Shared Lives...
January 29, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128788/a-workplace-modified-duty-program-for%C3%A2-employees-in-an-oncology-center
#13
Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: Workplace modified duty programs may provide reasonable accommodations to employees who have partial temporary job disability and could work on duty accommodations until they fully recover. However, little is known about the implementation barriers and effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the implementation of a modified duty program for employees in an oncology center. METHODS: A modified duty program for employees working at the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, a non profit organization with 200 employees located in the Republic of Cyprus was evaluated based on the health records of the occupational medicine department...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128787/an-invisible-student-population-accommodating-and-serving-college-students-with-lupus
#14
Neelam Agarwal, Vinod Kumar
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), or lupus, is a chronic autoimmune disorder. Individuals with lupus face unique psychosocial and emotional challenges such as living with the unpredictability of the disease, symptoms such as fatigue, pain and depression, anxiety, cognitive problems, and coping with stress. OBJECTIVE: This article attempts to shed light on the role that lupus plays in the lives of college students in their academics and other unique psychosocial needs...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128784/operationalizing-workplace-accommodations-for-individuals-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#15
Vidya Sundar
BACKGROUND: The provision of workplace accommodations is a proven strategy in supporting individuals with disabilities at work. Accommodations include a wide range of supports and strategies that are not very well defined beyond the Americans with Disabilities Act in the United States. Understanding the landscape of accommodations is important to measure the impact of programs that support employment of individuals with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping review and thematic analysis of research literature to identify how workplace accommodations are operationalized and to identify knowledge gaps in its conceptualization...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112128/visual-function-of-children-with-visual-and-other-disabilities-in-oman-a-case-series
#16
Urmi Gogri, Rajiv Khandekar, Salah Al Harby
BACKGROUND: We assessed the visual functioning of the children with special needs in Oman between 2009 and 2012. We present the methods of assessing different visual functions, outcomes, and interventions carried out to improve their functioning. METHODS: Optometrists assessed visual functions of children of "Day care centres" in Oman. Experts further assessed them and provided low vision care. Ocular movements, refractive corrections, near, distance, contrast color, motion, field of vision, and cognitive visual function test results were noted...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110547/creating-an-inclusive-mall-environment-with-the-precede-proceed-model-a-living-lab-case-study
#17
Sara Ahmed, Bonnie Swaine, Marc Milot, Caroline Gaudet, Tiiu Poldma, Gillian Bartlett, Barbara Mazer, Guylaine Le Dorze, Skye Barbic, Ana Maria Rodriguez, Hélène Lefebvre, Philippe Archambault, Dahlia Kairy, Joyce Fung, Delphine Labbé, Anouk Lamontagne, Eva Kehayia
PURPOSE: Although public environments provide opportunities for participation and social inclusion, they are not always inclusive spaces and may not accommodate the wide diversity of people. The Rehabilitation Living Lab in the Mall is a unique, interdisciplinary, and multi-sectoral research project with an aim to transform a shopping complex in Montreal, Canada, into an inclusive environment optimizing the participation and social inclusion of all people. METHODS: The PRECEDE-PROCEDE Model (PPM), a community-oriented and participatory planning model, was applied as a framework...
January 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068291/particle-swarm-optimization-for-programming-deep-brain-stimulation-arrays
#18
Edgar Peña, Simeng Zhang, Steve Deyo, YiZi Xiao, Matthew D Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapy relies on both precise neurosurgical targeting and systematic optimization of stimulation settings to achieve beneficial clinical outcomes. One recent advance to improve targeting is the development of DBS arrays (DBSAs) with electrodes segmented both along and around the DBS lead. However, increasing the number of independent electrodes creates the logistical challenge of optimizing stimulation parameters efficiently. APPROACH: Solving such complex problems with multiple solutions and objectives is well known to occur in biology, in which complex collective behaviors emerge out of swarms of individual organisms engaged in learning through social interactions...
February 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047544/su-f-j-176-development-of-a-patient-specific-3d-couplant-pad-for-ultrasound-igrt
#19
H Kim, A Chang, S Ye
PURPOSE: to overcome the several issues of ultrasound image-guided radiation therapy (US IGRT) such as probe pressure and optical tracking disability by using a patient-specific three-dimensional couplant pad (CP) fabricated by a patient's skin mold using a 3D printing technique. METHODS: A CP was then fabricated by pouring gelatin solution into a fixed-shape container accommodating the patient skin mold fabricated by a 3D printer. A breast phantom was fabricated with the compound of gelatin and agarose and a phantom study was carried out...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045280/workplace-accommodations-for-employees-with-disabilities-a-multilevel-model-of-employer-decision-making
#20
Apsara Telwatte, Jeromy Anglim, Sarah K A Wynton, Richard Moulding
PURPOSE: Existing research suggests that the decision to grant or deny workplace accommodations for people with disabilities is influenced by a range of legal and nonlegal factors. However, less is known about how these factors operate at the within-person level. Thus, we proposed and tested a multilevel model of the accommodation decision-making process, which we applied to better understand why people with psychological disabilities often experience greater challenges in obtaining accommodations...
January 2, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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