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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096528/the-presence-of-co-morbid-mental-health-problems-in-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Katharine A Rimes, Sheila Ali, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To report on the prevalence of mental health disorders in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to compare the diagnoses identified by a brief clinician-administered psychiatric interview with self-report screening questionnaires. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Consecutive attenders to specialist CFS clinics in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: N = 52 adolescents, age 12-18 years with CFS...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072479/postsecondary-students-with-psychiatric-disabilities-identify-core-services-and-key-ingredients-to-supporting-education-goals
#2
Kathleen Biebel, Raphael Mizrahi, Heather Ringeisen
OBJECTIVE: Accessing and successfully completing postsecondary educational opportunities may be challenging for those living with psychiatric disabilities. This exploratory study highlights the experiences of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in postsecondary educational support initiatives. METHOD: Investigators conducted case studies with 3 education support initiatives across the United States. Focus groups revealed what concrete supported education services were helpful and key ingredients in delivering education supports...
October 26, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068261/health-information-infrastructure-for-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-i-dd-living-in-supported-accommodation-communication-co-ordination-and-integration-of-health-information
#3
Maria R Dahm, Andrew Georgiou, Susan Balandin, Sophie Hill, Bronwyn Hemsley
People with intellectual and/or developmental disability (I/DD) commonly have complex health care needs, but little is known about how their health information is managed in supported accommodation, and across health services providers. This study aimed to describe the current health information infrastructure (i.e., how data and information are collected, stored, communicated, and used) for people with I/DD living in supported accommodation in Australia. It involved a scoping review and synthesis of research, policies, and health documents relevant in this setting...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053750/middle-aged-individuals-with-thalidomide-embryopathy-have-undergone-few-surgical-limb-procedures-and-demonstrate-a-high-degree-of-physical-independence
#4
Shadi A Ghassemi Jahani, Aina Danielsson, Jon Karlsson, Helena Brisby
BACKGROUND: Thalidomide is known to have induced thalidomide embryopathy (TE) in more than 10,000 live-born children worldwide between 1957-1962. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the need for orthopaedic surgery and limb orthosis in relation to function and physical independence in middle-aged individuals with TE. METHODS: 13 women/18 men with a mean age of 45.8 (SD 1.1) years were included. Information about limb surgery, the use of orthotic devices, jobs, accommodation, disability adjustments and personal assistants was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#5
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035638/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-gait-trainer-in-increasing-the-functionality-of-individuals-with-motor-impairment-a-case-series
#6
Eitan Raveh, Isabella Schwartz, Naama Karniel, Sigal Portnoy
Regaining the ability to independently ambulate following a physical disability can increase functional ability and participation of patients in daily life. Gait trainers are assistive devices that enable body support and provide safety during gait. However, most conventional gait trainers are pre-configured to a constant position, therefore not suitable for practicing sit-to-stand function, and require assistance from a caregiver in order to mount the device from a sitting position. We therefore evaluated the effectiveness of a dynamically-adjusting gait trainer, designed to provide independence and safety during gait and various activities, in both lab setting and at home in four subjects (one female, three males, ages 32-79 years) with limited ambulation...
October 16, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979218/is-there-a-downside-of-job-accommodations-an-employee-perspective-on-individual-change-processes
#7
Julia M Kensbock, Stephan A Boehm, Kirill Bourovoi
By modifying the work environments, work routines, and work tasks of employees with health restrictions, organizations can effectively help them continue to perform their jobs successfully. As such, job accommodations are an effective tool to secure the continued employment of aging workers who develop disabilities across their life span. However, while accommodations tackle health-related performance problems, they might create new challenges on the part of the affected employee. Building on the organizational change and accommodations literatures, we propose a theoretical framework of negative experiences during accommodation processes and apply it to qualitative data from group interviews with 73 manufacturing workers at a German industrial company who were part of the company's job accommodation program...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960114/work-organisational-practices-and-margin-of-manoeuver-during-work-reintegration
#8
Fergal O'Hagan
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931434/long-term-outcome-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-case-study-in-a-southern-italian-region
#9
Francesca Felicia Operto, Federica Martino, Annalisa Rinaldi, Angelo Cerracchio, Giovanni Salvati, Mariano Orza, Claudia Lembo, Gianvito Panzarino, Claudia Di Paolantonio, Alberto Verrotti, Giovanni Farello, Giangennaro Coppola
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by impaired social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviours, as well as associated features including intellectual disability and impaired sensorimotor function. Despite a growing interest in this devastating disorder for families and young parents, there are no certainties as regards its aetiology, although a significant genetic background is considered to be important. Since there is little information about the social adaptation and quality of life of patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder, we decided to study and evaluate the long-term outcome and quality of life in a sample of children, adolescent and young adults...
September 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924919/use-of-accessible-examination-tables-in-the-primary-care-setting-a-survey-of-physical-evaluations-and-patient-attitudes
#10
Megan A Morris, Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Joan M Griffin, Lila J Finney Rutten, Tara Lagu, Sean Phelan
BACKGROUND: Accessible diagnostic equipment, including height-adjustable examination tables, is necessary to accommodate patients with disabilities. Studies demonstrate that only a minority of clinics provide accessible equipment. For clinics with this equipment, no studies have examined the use of such equipment in routine clinical care. OBJECTIVE: In primary care clinics with and without height-adjustable examination tables, we compared the frequency and variation in physical evaluations on examination tables and patients' perceptions of quality care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922180/qualitative-case-studies-of-professional-level-workers-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-contextual-approach-to-job-accommodation-and-retention
#11
Richard T Roessler, Phillip D Rumrill, Stuart P Rumrill, Deborah L Minton, Deborah J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson, Callista Stauffer, Marcia J Scherer, Amanda Nardone, Anne Leopold, Karen Jacobs, Eileen Elias
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a multi-systemic disability that causes a wide range of difficulties with personal and social functioning. METHODS: Four individuals with TBI participated in an evaluation of barriers to their continued employment following graduation from college. A trained interviewer completed the Work Experience Survey (WES) in teleconsultation sessions with each participant. RESULTS: Researchers applied a qualitative case study research design...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#12
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893075/classroom-acoustics-as-a-consideration-for-inclusive-education-in-south-africa
#13
Coralie Van Reenen, Catherine Karusseit
BACKGROUND: It can hardly be disputed that a school environment should be conducive or, at the very least, not prohibitive to effective learning. The provision of fair, equal and barrier-free access to education is referred to as inclusive education. South Africa supports a policy of inclusive schooling, striving to accommodate all children, including those with disabilities, in mainstream schools. This article sets out to prove that noise control in classrooms is a relevant, yet neglected, aspect of inclusive classroom design in South Africa and requires specific attention...
September 8, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#14
Hayley Stokar
A quarter-century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990 ), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-although often absent-advocacy and training. This article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000 to 2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875511/development-and-evaluation-of-a-manual-for-extended-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-misuse-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-intellectual-disabilities-living-in-the-community-the-ebi-ld-study-manual
#15
Christos Kouimtsidis, Katrina Scior, Gianluca Baio, Rachael Hunter, Vittoria Pezzoni, Angela Hassiotis
BACKGROUND: Extended brief interventions for alcohol misuse are effective in the general population. The process of manualising the first ever such intervention for people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities in the UK is the focus of this study. METHODS: The manual was an adaptation of existing manuals based on Motivational Enhancement and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and was used in a feasibility randomized controlled trial, the EBI-LD study. The sessions were recorded and scored using an adapted version of the Yale Adherence and Competence Scale (YACS II)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873917/universal-design-across-the-curriculum-training-for-students-and-teachers
#16
Trish MacKeogh, James Hubbard, Kieran O'Callaghan
Providing an inclusive educational setting for children with disabilities is essential if they are to truly benefit from mainstream education. Universal design (UD) provides a framework to develop our classrooms, materials and methods to accommodate diverse learners and students with special educational needs without the need to retrofit or remove the student from the classroom. This paper outlines the theory and the approach of two training courses on Universal Design developed for teachers and students.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854907/wellbeing-activity-and-housing-satisfaction-comparing-residents-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-supported-housing-and-ordinary-housing-with-support
#17
Mona Eklund, Elisabeth Argentzell, Ulrika Bejerholm, Carina Tjörnstrand, David Brunt
BACKGROUND: The home is imperative for the possibilities for meaningful everyday activities among people with psychiatric disabilities. Knowledge of whether such possibilities vary with type of housing and housing support might reveal areas for improved support. We aimed to compare people with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing (SH) and ordinary housing with support (OHS) regarding perceived well-being, engaging and satisfying everyday activities, and perceived meaning of activity in one's accommodation...
August 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846523/performing-pain-and-inflammation-rendering-the-invisible-visible
#18
Arseli Dokumaci
These drawings represent everyday experiences of an artist who has been living with rheumatoid arthritis since her teenage years. Over the course of 20 years, the disease has damaged a series of joints in her body. Pain and inflammation accompany the most mundane of her movements and gestures. Fatigue and side effects of medications are routine parts of life. None of her impairments are publicly recognized and duly accommodated, as she is not (yet) visibly disabled. Asking for a seat on the bus, for instance, turns into a thorough social negotiation, as does having to constantly remind people that she actually is disabled...
August 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833967/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-health-promotion-programme-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-a-group-home-setting
#19
A Dixon-Ibarra, S Driver, M Nery-Hurwit, H VanVolkenburg
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of health promotion programming designed to change the physical activity environment of the group home setting. The Menu-Choice programme assists staff in creating physical activity goals alongside residents with intellectual disabilities and provides strategies to incorporate activity into the group home schedule. The purpose of this study was to complete a process evaluation of Menu-Choice utilizing qualitative methods. METHODS: Twelve participants, who completed a 10-week pilot intervention (n = 7 staff, mean age 42; n = 5 residents, mean age 52), participated in face-to-face interviews...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#20
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
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