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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636076/prevalence-and-impact-of-obesity-in-people-with-haemophilia-review-of-literature-and-expert-discussion-around-implementing-weight-management-guidelines
#1
REVIEW
S Kahan, A Cuker, R F Kushner, J Maahs, M Recht, T Wadden, T Willis, S Majumdar, D Ungar, D Cooper
Obesity affects more than 35% of Americans, increasing the risk of more than 200 comorbid conditions, impaired quality of life and premature mortality. This review aimed to summarize literature published over the past 15 years regarding the prevalence and impact of obesity in people with haemophilia (PWH) and to discuss implementing general guidelines for weight management in the context of the haemophilia comprehensive care team. Although few studies have assessed the effects of obesity on haemophilia-specific outcomes, existing evidence indicates an important impact of weight status on lower extremity joint range of motion and functional disability, with potentially important effects on overall quality of life...
June 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635441/the-extension-of-a-set-of-needs-led-mental-health-clusters-to-accommodate-people-accessing-uk-intellectual-disability-health-services
#2
Jon Painter, Liam Trevithick, Richard Hastings, Barry Ingham, Ashok Roy
BACKGROUND: A development of a needs-led mental health classification system based on the Health of the National Outcome Scales (HoNOS) has previously been developed. AIMS: To extend the needs-based mental health (MH) clusters to accommodate the additional needs of people accessing UK intellectual disabilities health services. METHOD: Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on assessment data from 18 National Health Service (NHS) provider organisations...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628540/evaluating-disability-insurance-assistance-as-a-specific-intervention-by-physiatrists-at-a-cancer-center
#3
Jack B Fu, Melissa P Osborn, Julie K Silver, Benedict S Konzen, An Ngo-Huang, Rajesh Yadav, Eduardo Bruera
Because of their expertise, physiatrists provide disability insurance assistance for cancer survivors. In this brief report, we perform a descriptive retrospective analysis of all new (354) outpatient physiatry consultations from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2013, at a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center. Disability and/or work accommodations were brought up at some point with the physiatrist during the duration of their care for 131 (37%) of 354 patients. More than 90% of the discussions took place during the first visit...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607177/burden-of-vision-loss-associated-with-eye-disease-in-china-1990-2020-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#4
Bingsong Wang, Nathan Congdon, Rupert Bourne, Yichong Li, Kai Cao, Aiping Zhao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Wenlan Dong, Maigeng Zhou, Ningli Wang
AIMS: To assess the burden of vision loss due to eye disease in China between 1990 and 2015, and to predict the burden in 2020. METHODS: Data from the GBD 2015 (Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015) were used. The main outcome measures were prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) for vision loss due to cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration, other vision loss, refraction and accommodation disorders and trachoma. RESULTS: Prevalence for eye diseases increased steadily from 1990 to 2015, and will increase until 2020...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599912/efficacy-of-vision-therapy-in-children-with-learning-disability-and-associated-binocular-vision-anomalies
#5
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Prerana Shah, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Lalitha Ramanujan
PURPOSE: To report the frequency of binocular vision (BV) anomalies in children with specific learning disorders (SLD) and to assess the efficacy of vision therapy (VT) in children with a non-strabismic binocular vision anomaly (NSBVA). METHODS: The study was carried out at a centre for learning disability (LD). Comprehensive eye examination and binocular vision assessment was carried out for 94 children (mean (SD) age: 15 (2.2) years) diagnosed with specific learning disorder...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585486/narrative-literature-review-health-activity-and-participation-issues-for-women-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Kate O'Reilly, Nathan Wilson, Kath Peters
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review will draw attention to the current limitations within the literature related to women following traumatic brain injury in order to stimulate discussion and inform future directions for research. BACKGROUND: There is a wide-ranging body of research about traumatic brain injury with the higher incidence of brain injury among males reflected in this body of work. As a result, the specific gendered issues facing women with traumatic brain injury are not as well understood...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550417/motivational-interviewing-for-workers-with-disabling-musculoskeletal-disorders-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#7
Joanne Park, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose Although functional restoration programs appear effective in assisting injured workers to return-to-work (RTW) after a work related musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder, the addition of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to these programs may result in higher RTW. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial with claimants attending an occupational rehabilitation facility from November 17, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Six clinicians provided MI in addition to the standard functional restoration program and formed an intervention group...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545307/examining-occupational-health-and-safety-vulnerability-among-canadian-workers-with-disabilities
#8
F Curtis Breslin, A Morgan Lay, Arif Jetha, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare workers with and without disabilities on their reported workplace hazard exposure and the presence of occupational health and safety vulnerability factors. METHODS: Working-aged adults in Ontario or British Columbia were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey (n = 1988). Self-reported measures included demographic factors, work-related variables, perceived level of activity limitation at work, and presence of work safety vulnerability factors utilizing a novel framework...
May 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535546/cost-utility-analysis-of-lumbar-interlaminar-epidural-injections-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-central-spinal-stenosis-and-axial-or-discogenic-low-back-pain
#9
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Vidyasagar Pampati, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Cost utility or cost effective analysis continues to take center stage in the United States for defining and measuring the value of treatments in interventional pain management. Appropriate cost utility analysis has been performed for caudal epidural injections, percutaneous adhesiolysis, and spinal cord stimulation. However, the literature pertaining to lumbar interlaminar epidural injections is lacking, specifically in reference to cost utility analysis derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a pragmatic approach in a practical setting...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524710/integrating-end-user-feedback-in-the-concept-stage-of-development-of-a-novel-sensor-access-system-for-environmental-control
#10
Susan Koch Fager, Tabatha Sorenson, Susanne Butte, Alexander Nelson, Nilanjan Banerjee, Ryan Robucci
PURPOSE: This article illustrates user-centred design of a novel sensor access system for environmental control in the concept stage of development. METHODS: Focus groups of individuals with disabilities and rehabilitation healthcare professionals were provided with video illustration of the technology and asked to provide quantitative and qualitative feedback through a semistructured interview process. Qualitative methods were employed to analyse transcribed comments to develop themes supporting ongoing development of the technology...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497568/neuropsychological-phenotypes-of-76-individuals-with-joubert-syndrome-evaluated-at-a-single-center
#11
Angela C Summers, Joseph Snow, Edythe Wiggs, Alexander G Liu, Camilo Toro, Andrea Poretti, Wadih M Zein, Brian P Brooks, Melissa A Parisi, Sara Inati, Dan Doherty, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a genetically heterogeneous ciliopathy characterized by hypo-dysplasia of the cerebellar vermis, a distinct hindbrain/midbrain malformation (molar tooth sign), and intellectual disability. We evaluated the neuropsychological profiles of 76 participants with JS in the context of molecular genetics and clinical covariates. Evaluations included neuropsychological testing, structured parental interviews, DNA sequencing, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalography (EEG), ophthalmologic examination, and assessment for renal and hepatic disease...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486594/apathy-and-impulsivity-in-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-syndromes
#12
Claire J Lansdall, Ian T S Coyle-Gilchrist, P Simon Jones, Patricia Vázquez Rodríguez, Alicia Wilcox, Eileen Wehmann, Katrina M Dick, Trevor W Robbins, James B Rowe
Apathy and impulsivity are common and disabling consequences of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. They cause substantial carer distress, but their aetiology remains elusive. There are critical limitations to previous studies in this area including (i) the assessment of either apathy or impulsivity alone, despite their frequent co-existence; (ii) the assessment of behavioural changes within single diagnostic groups; and (iii) the use of limited sets of tasks or questions that relate to just one aspect of these multifactorial constructs...
June 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456614/healthcare-provider-perceptions-of-accessible-exam-tables-in-primary-care-implementation-and-benefits-to-patients-with-and-without-disabilities
#13
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Joan M Griffin, Sean Phelan, Lila J Finney Rutten, Megan A Morris
BACKGROUND: Recent healthcare mandates require availability of accessible medical exam equipment, which may reduce barriers to care for patients with disabilities (PWD). However, more research is needed to explore healthcare provider views on implementation and routine use of accessible equipment. OBJECTIVE: This study qualitatively explored healthcare provider perceptions of: (1) daily use of accessible medical examination tables with PWD; and (2) recommendations for addressing challenges to using this equipment...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447823/the-promise-of-demand-side-employer-based-strategies-to-increase-employment-rates-for-people-living-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#14
Jonathan Delman, Lynn Kovich, Sara Burke, Kevin Martone
OBJECTIVE: This article describes current and promising demand-side strategies to increase job retention and employment rates of people living with serious mental illnesses. The article raises awareness of the potential impact of demand side strategies and generates considerations to implement and evaluate these strategies. METHOD: Information is drawn from peer reviewed research, policy articles and documents, and the authors' direct experiences. RESULTS: Employees with serious mental illnesses struggle to retain jobs due to workplace stigma, difficulty accessing reasonable accommodations, and noneligibility for health benefits...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#15
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420770/accommodating-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-employees
#16
Holly Stiles
Hearing loss is the 2nd most prevalent health issue around the world; in the US, about 1 in 5 people, and 3 in 5 combat veterans, have some amount of hearing loss [1]. Managers or supervisors will inevitably have an employee who has some degree of hearing loss. Employers have a legal obligation to make reasonable accommodations that enable employees with disabilities, including hearing loss, to be successful in the workplace.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418762/challenges-persist-under-americans-with-disabilities-act-amendments-act-how-can-oncology-providers-help
#17
Michael Feuerstein, Amanda K Gehrke, Brian T McMahon, Megan C McMahon
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Amendments to the hallmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA; effective January 2009), which provide increased access to the antidiscrimination laws for many with chronic illness, are related to changes in workplace discrimination allegations in individuals with a history of cancer. METHODS: Information collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was used to compare allegations of discrimination and their merit before (2001 to 2008) and after (2009 to 2011) implementation of the Amendments Act...
June 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#18
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394780/attention-deficit-disorder-and-the-americans-with-disabilities-act-is-anyone-paying-attention
#19
Clifford M Koen, Amanda J Carmichael, Kristin E Koen
As millions of individuals who have been given a diagnosis of attention deficit disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder enter the workforce, more individuals with these mental impairments are filing claims with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) as amended in 2008 by the ADA Amendments Act. The ADA forbids employment discrimination based on an individual's disability and also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities...
April 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375801/evidence-and-evidence-based-practices-are-we-there-yet
#20
Robert L Schalock, Laura E Gomez, Miguel A Verdugo, Claudia Claes
The purpose of this article is to move the field of intellectual and closely related developmental disabilities (IDD) towards a better understanding of evidence and evidence-based practices. To that end, we discuss (a) different perspectives on and levels of evidence, (b) commonly used evidence-gathering strategies, (c) standards to evaluate evidence, (d) the distinction between internal and external validity, and (e) guidelines for establishing evidence-based practices. We also describe how the conceptualization and use of evidence and evidence-based practices are changing to accommodate recent trends in the field...
April 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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