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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931434/long-term-outcome-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-case-study-in-a-southern-italian-region
#1
Francesca Felicia Operto, Federica Martino, Annalisa Rinaldi, Angelo Cerracchio, Giovanni Salvati, Mariano Orza, Claudia Lembo, Gianvito Panzarino, Claudia Di Paolantonio, Alberto Verrotti, Giovanni Farello, Giangennaro Coppola
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by impaired social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviours, as well as associated features including intellectual disability and impaired sensorimotor function. Despite a growing interest in this devastating disorder for families and young parents, there are no certainties as regards its aetiology, although a significant genetic background is considered to be important. Since there is little information about the social adaptation and quality of life of patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder, we decided to study and evaluate the long-term outcome and quality of life in a sample of children, adolescent and young adults...
September 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924919/use-of-accessible-examination-tables-in-the-primary-care-setting-a-survey-of-physical-evaluations-and-patient-attitudes
#2
Megan A Morris, Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Joan M Griffin, Lila J Finney Rutten, Tara Lagu, Sean Phelan
BACKGROUND: Accessible diagnostic equipment, including height-adjustable examination tables, is necessary to accommodate patients with disabilities. Studies demonstrate that only a minority of clinics provide accessible equipment. For clinics with this equipment, no studies have examined the use of such equipment in routine clinical care. OBJECTIVE: In primary care clinics with and without height-adjustable examination tables, we compared the frequency and variation in physical evaluations on examination tables and patients' perceptions of quality care...
September 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922180/qualitative-case-studies-of-professional-level-workers-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-contextual-approach-to-job-accommodation-and-retention
#3
Richard T Roessler, Phillip D Rumrill, Stuart P Rumrill, Deborah L Minton, Deborah J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson, Callista Stauffer, Marcia J Scherer, Amanda Nardone, Anne Leopold, Karen Jacobs, Eileen Elias
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a multi-systemic disability that causes a wide range of difficulties with personal and social functioning. METHODS: Four individuals with TBI participated in an evaluation of barriers to their continued employment following graduation from college. A trained interviewer completed the Work Experience Survey (WES) in teleconsultation sessions with each participant. RESULTS: Researchers applied a qualitative case study research design...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#4
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893075/classroom-acoustics-as-a-consideration-for-inclusive-education-in-south-africa
#5
Coralie Van Reenen, Catherine Karusseit
BACKGROUND: It can hardly be disputed that a school environment should be conducive or, at the very least, not prohibitive to effective learning. The provision of fair, equal and barrier-free access to education is referred to as inclusive education. South Africa supports a policy of inclusive schooling, striving to accommodate all children, including those with disabilities, in mainstream schools. This article sets out to prove that noise control in classrooms is a relevant, yet neglected, aspect of inclusive classroom design in South Africa and requires specific attention...
September 8, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#6
Hayley Stokar
A quarter century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-though often absent-advocacy and training. The current article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000-2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875511/development-and-evaluation-of-a-manual-for-extended-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-misuse-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-intellectual-disabilities-living-in-the-community-the-ebi-ld-study-manual
#7
Christos Kouimtsidis, Katrina Scior, Gianluca Baio, Rachael Hunter, Vittoria Pezzoni, Angela Hassiotis
BACKGROUND: Extended brief interventions for alcohol misuse are effective in the general population. The process of manualising the first ever such intervention for people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities in the UK is the focus of this study. METHODS: The manual was an adaptation of existing manuals based on Motivational Enhancement and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and was used in a feasibility randomized controlled trial, the EBI-LD study. The sessions were recorded and scored using an adapted version of the Yale Adherence and Competence Scale (YACS II)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873917/universal-design-across-the-curriculum-training-for-students-and-teachers
#8
Trish MacKeogh, James Hubbard, Kieran O'Callaghan
Providing an inclusive educational setting for children with disabilities is essential if they are to truly benefit from mainstream education. Universal design (UD) provides a framework to develop our classrooms, materials and methods to accommodate diverse learners and students with special educational needs without the need to retrofit or remove the student from the classroom. This paper outlines the theory and the approach of two training courses on Universal Design developed for teachers and students.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854907/wellbeing-activity-and-housing-satisfaction-comparing-residents-with-psychiatric-disabilities-in-supported-housing-and-ordinary-housing-with-support
#9
Mona Eklund, Elisabeth Argentzell, Ulrika Bejerholm, Carina Tjörnstrand, David Brunt
BACKGROUND: The home is imperative for the possibilities for meaningful everyday activities among people with psychiatric disabilities. Knowledge of whether such possibilities vary with type of housing and housing support might reveal areas for improved support. We aimed to compare people with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing (SH) and ordinary housing with support (OHS) regarding perceived well-being, engaging and satisfying everyday activities, and perceived meaning of activity in one's accommodation...
August 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846523/performing-pain-and-inflammation-rendering-the-invisible-visible
#10
Arseli Dokumaci
These drawings represent everyday experiences of an artist who has been living with rheumatoid arthritis since her teenage years. Over the course of 20 years, the disease has damaged a series of joints in her body. Pain and inflammation accompany the most mundane of her movements and gestures. Fatigue and side effects of medications are routine parts of life. None of her impairments are publicly recognized and duly accommodated, as she is not (yet) visibly disabled. Asking for a seat on the bus, for instance, turns into a thorough social negotiation, as does having to constantly remind people that she actually is disabled...
August 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833967/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-health-promotion-programme-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-a-group-home-setting
#11
A Dixon-Ibarra, S Driver, M Nery-Hurwit, H VanVolkenburg
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of health promotion programming designed to change the physical activity environment of the group home setting. The Menu-Choice programme assists staff in creating physical activity goals alongside residents with intellectual disabilities and provides strategies to incorporate activity into the group home schedule. The purpose of this study was to complete a process evaluation of Menu-Choice utilizing qualitative methods. METHODS: Twelve participants, who completed a 10-week pilot intervention (n = 7 staff, mean age 42; n = 5 residents, mean age 52), participated in face-to-face interviews...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#12
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797182/a-systematic-review-of-workplace-disclosure-and-accommodation-requests-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-disabilities
#13
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Gabriella Carafa
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review is to critically appraise the literature on disability disclosure and workplace accommodations for youth and young adults with disabilities. METHODS: Systematic searches of nine international databases identified 27 studies meeting our inclusion criteria. These studies were analyzed with respect to the characteristics of the participants, methodology, results of the studies and the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: Among the 27 studies, 18,419 participants (aged 14-33, mean 23...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797176/living-with-chronic-headache-a-qualitative-study-exploring-goal-management-in-chronic-headache
#14
Yvette Ciere, Annemieke Visser, Bram Jacobs, Marielle Padberg, John Lebbink, Robbert Sanderman, Joke Fleer
OBJECTIVES: Effective goal management may potentially prevent or reduce disability in chronic pain. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the nature of goal management in the context of chronic headache (CH). METHODS: Interviews with 20 patients were conducted, coded, and analyzed using a combined data-driven and theory-driven approach. The dual process model (DPM) was used as a theoretical framework for this study. RESULTS: Participants used a combination of strategies to regain and maintain a balance between personal goals and resources available for goal pursuit...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793191/structural-basis-of-analog-specificity-in-pkg-i-and-ii
#15
James C Campbell, Philipp Henning, Eugen Franz, Banumathi Sankaran, Friedrich W Herberg, Choel Kim
Cyclic GMP analogs, 8-Br, 8-pCPT, and PET-cGMP, have been widely used for characterizing cellular functions of cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) I and II isotypes. However, interpreting results obtained using these analogs has been difficult due to their low isotype specificity. Additionally, each isotype has two binding sites with different cGMP affinities and analog selectivities, making understanding the molecular basis for isotype specificity of these compounds even more challenging. To determine isotype specificity of cGMP analogs and their structural basis, we generated the full-length regulatory domains of PKG I and II isotypes with each binding site disabled, determined their affinities for these analogs, and obtained cocrystal structures of both isotypes bound with cGMP analogs...
August 22, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774211/electronic-assistive-technology-use-in-australian-shared-supported-accommodation-rates-and-user-characteristics
#16
Rebecca Jamwal, Libby Callaway, Louise Farnworth, Di Winkler
Electronic assistive technologies (EATs) are fast becoming considered an essential component of everyday life. To date, there has been little research on the use of EAT by people living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), one of the major community-based housing options for people with disability (PwD) in Australia. This study aimed to (1) audit current EAT use by PwD living in SSA, (2) describe the impact of Internet access on EAT use, and (3) examine potential relationships between individual characteristics and EAT use...
August 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762996/the-americans-with-disabilities-act-and-test-anxiety-when-accommodations-are-appropriate
#17
Constance Burke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746323/ocular-morbidity-among-children-of-government-schools-of-kathmandu-valley-a-follow-up-study
#18
R K Shrestha, G S Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Ocular and vision defects are common among school going children. Vision disorders, especially refractive errors are the main disabilities of children and the leading cause of handicapping conditions of childhood. The present study was conducted to find out ocular morbidity among students of government schools of Kathmandu valley. METHODS: In the descriptive and cross-sectional study, 2412 students, comprising of 1114 (46.2%) males and 1298 (53.8%) females were enrolled in to the study from the five government schools of Kathmandu valley from 2012 to 2013...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736422/choosing-accommodations-signed-language-interpreting-and-the-absence-of-choice
#19
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke
This paper carves out a topic space for discussion about the ethical question of whether input from signing Deaf consumers of interpreting services ought to be included in the provision of signed language interpreter accommodations. The first section provides background about disability accommodations and practices, including how signed language interpreting accommodations are similar and dissimilar to other kinds of disability accommodations. In the second section, I offer a personal narrative of my experience as a Deaf academic who has been excluded from the interpreter selection process, highlighting some of the harmful consequences of such exclusion...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719232/long-term-outcomes-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-intervention-for-youth-with-disabilities
#20
Ashleigh A Pona, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette, Cathleen Odar Stough, Janelle K Gerling, Brooke R Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity compared with their typically developing peers and face unique barriers to healthy lifestyles. A limited number of weight management programs have been specifically tailored to accommodate youth with disabilities, and outcomes research in this population is scarce. We investigated the effectiveness of a specialized multidisciplinary weight management program for children with disabilities. METHODS: Youth (N = 115) ages 2-18 years (mean age = 10...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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