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asimina triloba

Bharathi Avula, Ji-Yeong Bae, Taghreed Majrashi, Tung-Ying Wu, Yan-Hong Wang, Mei Wang, Zulfiqar Ali, Yang-Chang Wu, Ikhlas A Khan
In current work, targeted and non-targeted analysis of alkaloids and acetogenins from methanolic extracts of Asimina, Annona species and dietary supplements have been performed using UHPLC-QToF in positive ion mode. Thirty-five standard compounds (twelve alkaloids and twenty-three acetogenins) were used for the analysis. The fragment ions produced by collision induced dissociation (CID) revealed the characteristic cleavage and provided structural information. Aporphine alkaloids and acetogenins are the major groups found in Asimina and Annona species...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Paige J Monsen, Frederick A Luzzio
Annonacin (1) was isolated from the North American pawpaw ( Asimina triloba), as reported earlier from these laboratories. Natural 1 was submitted to the rat aortic ring bioassay for evaluation of antiangiogenic activity and was found to inhibit microvessel growth (IC50 value of 3 μM). 4,10,15,20-Tetraazido derivatives of 1 were prepared by permesylation followed by azide displacement or by iodination followed by azide displacement. The tetraazide derived from mesylation/azidation was antiangiogenic, while that derived from iodination/azidation exhibited no appreciable activity...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Jin-Sik Nam, Seo-Yeon Park, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Seon-Ok Lee, Hye-Lim Jang, Young Ha Rhee
Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) is widely cultivated in Korea for its fruit, which contains bioactive compounds, such as acetogenins. In this study, we investigated the acetogenin content and antiproliferative activity of pawpaw fruit pulp against various cancer cell lines and evaluated the relationship between these two variables at different maturation stages. Unripe fruit had higher antiproliferative activity than ripe fruit, and the activity level depended on acetogenin content. In addition, the presence of specific acetogenins was related to inhibition of certain cancer cell types...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science
Juan M Losada, Jose I Hormaza, Jorge Lora
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The pawpaw, Asimina triloba , is an underutilized fruit crop native to North America that belongs to the mainly tropical, early-divergent family Annonaceae. Asimina is the only genus within the Annonaceae with species adapted to cold climates. A thorough analysis of its reproductive biology, specifically pollen-pistil interaction during the progamic phase, is essential to understand both its adaptation to cold climates and how to optimize its fertilization and fruit set...
December 2017: American Journal of Botany
Robert G Brannan, Trisha E Peters, Kathleen J Black, Benjamin J Kukor
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to characterize the ability of extracts from nine varieties of pawpaw pulp standardized to the phenolics level of 0.1% grape seed extract (GSE) on inhibition of the formation of thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) in a turkey model system. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was also determined using four common assays. RESULTS: Over the 240 min sampling time, the standardized pawpaw extracts from all nine varieties were as effective as GSE in inhibiting TBARS formation in turkey muscle homogenate compared to the untreated control...
April 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jin-Sik Nam, Hye-Lim Jang, Young Ha Rhee
Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) possesses antioxidant compounds and strong inhibitors of cancer cells, and is widely cultivated in North America, Canada, and Korea. We analyzed the total phenolic and total flavonoid contents (TPC and TFC, respectively) of pawpaw plants grown in Korea and the antioxidant activities of their roots, twigs, leaves, and fruit with respect to 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, 2,2'-azino-bis diammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, ferrous (Fe2+ ) chelating ability, and nitrite scavenging activity...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science
Katherine R Goodrich, Luis A Ortiz, David J Coughlin
PREMISE OF STUDY: Deciduous woody species invest considerable resources in the growth of new foliage and distal stems. This new growth is at risk for mechanical damage from high winds and storms. Pawpaw has large leaves borne distally on thin twigs. Following a storm, pawpaw branches sometimes exhibit a persistent "flipped" orientation, slowly returning upright over 24 h. We investigated biomechanical properties of pawpaw twigs, comparing them to co-occurring species with similarly high leaf areas and loads, which do not exhibit this "flipping"...
November 2016: American Journal of Botany
Vincent P Sica, Evan R Rees, Edem Tchegnon, Robert H Bardsley, Huzefa A Raja, Nicholas H Oberlies
A large portion of natural products research revolves around the discovery of new, bioactive chemical entities; however, studies to probe the biological purpose of such secondary metabolites for the host organism are often limited. Mass spectrometry mapping of secondary metabolite biosynthesis in situ can be used to probe a series of ecological questions about fungi that may be lost through traditional natural products chemistry extraction protocols. A griseofulvin-producing fungal culture of the Xylariaceae family, isolated as an endophyte of the tree Asimina triloba, was analyzed through a series of spatial and temporal mapping experiments...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Natacha Bonneau, Isabelle Schmitz-Afonso, Alain Brunelle, David Touboul, Pierre Champy
Annonacin is an environmental neurotoxin identified in the pulp of several fruits of the Annonaceae family (for example in Annona muricata, Asimina triloba), whose consumption was linked with the occurrence of sporadic atypical Parkinsonism with dementia. Pharmacokinetic parameters of this molecule are unknown. A method for its quantification in Rat plasma was developed, using its analogue annonacinone as an internal standard. Extraction from plasma was performed using ethylacetate with a good recovery. Quantification was performed by UPLC-MS/MS in SRM mode, based on the loss of the γ-methyl-γ-lactone (-112amu) from the sodium-cationized species [M+Na](+) of both annonacin and internal standard...
November 1, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Robert A Levine, Kristy M Richards, Kevin Tran, Rensheng Luo, Andrew L Thomas, Robert E Smith
The concentrations of the neurotoxins, annonacin and squamocin, were determined in a lyophilized sample of the fruit pulp of the North American pawpaw (Asimina triloba) by LC coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry or LC-HRMS. The sample was extracted using dry methanol at 100 °C and 10 MPa pressure in a sealed container. The extraction of annonacin and squamocin was optimal at 100 °C with 7.72 and 0.162 mg/g, respectively, being found. Also, several isomers of annonacin and squamocin were separated and detected but not quantified...
February 4, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Robert G Brannan, Trisha Peters, Stephen T Talcott
Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) is a tree fruit with the potential to become a high-value fruit crop, however, its rapid perishability is a significant obstacle. The objective was to determine the phytochemical content and quality characteristics of pawpaw pulp from ten varieties. This study reports for the first time the mass spectral characterization of phenolic acids and flavonoids of pawpaw, which indicated that the predominant polyphenolic compounds were three phenolic acids, protocatechuic acid hexoside, p-coumaroyl hexoside, and 5-O-p-coumaroylquinic acid, and flavonols, particularly (-)-epicatechin, B-type procyanidin dimers and trimers...
February 1, 2015: Food Chemistry
Sandipan Datta, Yu-Dong Zhou, Dale G Nagle
Natural product drug discovery programs often rely on the use of silica (Si) gel, reversed-phase media, or size-exclusion resins (e.g., RP-C18, Sephadex LH-20) for compound purification. The synthetic polymer-based sorbent Diaion HP20SS (cross-linked polystyrene matrix) is used as an alternative to prepare purified natural product libraries. To evaluate the impact of chromatographic media on the isolation of biologically active, yet chromatographically unstable natural products, Diaion HP20SS was evaluated side-by-side with normal-phase sorbents for irreversible binding of extract constituents and their effects on bioactivity...
April 26, 2013: Journal of Natural Products
Lisa F Potts, Frederick A Luzzio, Scott C Smith, Michal Hetman, Pierre Champy, Irene Litvan
INTRODUCTION: The acetogenin, annonacin, from the tropical annonaceous plant Annona muricata, is a lipophilic, mitochondrial complex I inhibitor reported to be more toxic than rotenone to mesencephalic neurons. The temperate annonaceous plant Asimina triloba (pawpaw) is native to the Eastern United States and products are available online. This study determined whether annonacin is in the pawpaw fruit pulp and whether it or the crude ethyl acetate extract is toxic to cortical neurons...
January 2012: Neurotoxicology
Jorge F S Ferreira, Paul Peaden, Jennifer Keiser
Trematode infections negatively affect human and livestock health, and threaten global food safety. The only approved human anthelmintics for trematodiasis are triclabendazole and praziquantel with no alternative drugs in sight. We tested six crude plant extracts against adult Schistosoma mansoni, Fasciola hepatica, and Echinostoma caproni in vitro. Mortality was best achieved by ethanolic extracts of Artemisia annua (sweet Annie), Asimina triloba (paw-paw), and Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) which, at 2 mg/mL, killed S...
December 2011: Parasitology Research
Veena Coothankandaswamy, Yang Liu, Shui-Chun Mao, J Brian Morgan, Fakhri Mahdi, Mika B Jekabsons, Dale G Nagle, Yu-Dong Zhou
Products that contain twig extracts of pawpaw (Asimina triloba) are widely consumed anticancer alternative medicines. Pawpaw crude extract (CE) and purified acetogenins inhibited hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1)-mediated hypoxic signaling pathways in tumor cells. In T47D cells, pawpaw CE and the acetogenins 10-hydroxyglaucanetin (1), annonacin (2), and annonacin A (3) inhibited hypoxia-induced HIF-1 activation with IC(50) values of 0.02 microg/mL, 12 nM, 13 nM, and 31 nM, respectively. This inhibition correlates with the suppression of the hypoxic induction of HIF-1 target genes VEGF and GLUT-1...
May 28, 2010: Journal of Natural Products
Kirk W Pomper, Jeremiah D Lowe, Sheri B Crabtree, William Keller
The North American pawpaw [ Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal] is a tree fruit in the early stages of commercial production in the United States. This plant contains annonaceous acetogenins in the twigs, unripe fruit, seeds, roots, and bark tissues, which display antitumor, pesticidal, antimalarial, anthelmintic, piscicidal, antiviral, and antimicrobial effects, suggesting many potentially useful applications. However, commercial development of these compounds, based on twig extracts, has been problematic due to limited availability of biomass for extraction...
September 23, 2009: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Tomas Ayala-Silva, Caula A Beyl, Greg Dortch
The current research compared rooting of pawpaw, with softwood cuttings from mature stands, cuttings from the terminal 3-4 inches of seedlings and cuttings taken from shoots of rooted cuttings from seedlings. Four treatments were used: Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain MSU-1 (A4 wild type), A. rhizogenes strain MT232 (TR105 mutant), indole-3-butyric acid at 20,000 mg L(-1) and control. Only the A. rhizogenes treatments induced rooting and only of the seedling cuttings. No statistical differences in rooting percentage were found among the bacterial strains...
January 1, 2007: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Federica Galli, Douglas D Archbold, Kirk W Pomper
The fruit ripening traits of pawpaw [ Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal] were examined after harvest and after cold storage at -2, 2, 4, and 6 degrees C for up to 12 weeks. Generally, fruits stored at 2-4 degrees C for 4 weeks ripened normally, but those stored at -2 degrees C did not ripen normally, those stored at 6 degrees C were overripe, and by 6-8 weeks those stored at 2-4 degrees C had a lower respiration rate and ethylene production, lower firmness, and lower pH than fruit cold-stored for 4 weeks or less. These changes, and the occasional development of brown discoloration in the pulp once the fruits were moved back to room temperature, were evidence of chilling injury by 6 weeks...
November 26, 2008: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jerry L McLaughlin
Extracts of paw paw ( Asimina triloba, Annonaceae) are among the most potent of the 3500 species of higher plants screened for bioactive compounds in our laboratories at Purdue University. The paw paw is a small tree native to eastern North America; its edible fruits (sometimes referred to as "Indiana Bananas") have nurtured mankind for centuries. Activity-directed fractionation of the paw paw extracts, using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay, led to the isolation and molecular characterization of over 50 unique annonaceous acetogenins...
July 2008: Journal of Natural Products
Jeffrey A Fawcett, Taihachi Kawahara, Hitoshi Watanabe, Yasuo Yasui
The distribution and evolution of Au SINE in plants were examined. Au SINE is a short interspersed element first identified in Aegilops umbellulata, a close relative of wheat. The Au SINE was previously found in species such as wheat, maize, tobacco, and tomato, but not in rice. In this study, we first searched public databases, and next examined the presence of Au in a broad range of plant species by PCR using internal primers of Au. Although Au is likely to be absent from many species including rice, it was identified in many Gramineae, Solanaceae, and Fabaceae species, and also in a basal angiosperm species, Asimina triloba...
June 2006: Plant Molecular Biology
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