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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143638/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-for-acute-childhood-diarrhea-a-systematic-review-to-provide-estimates-for-the-lives-saved-tool
#1
Nazia Darvesh, Jai K Das, Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Kumanan Rasanathan, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) era, there is growing recognition of the responsibilities of non-health sectors in improving the health of children. Interventions to improve access to clean water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene behaviours (WASH) represent key opportunities to improve child health and well-being by preventing the spread of infectious diseases and improving nutritional status. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the effects of WASH interventions on childhood diarrhea in children 0-5 years old...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138205/long-term-prognosis-of-young-breast-cancer-patients-%C3%A2-40-years-who-did-not-receive-adjuvant-systemic-treatment-protocol-for-the-paradigm-initiative-cohort-study
#2
Gwen Mhe Dackus, Natalie D Ter Hoeve, Mark Opdam, Willem Vreuls, Zsuzsanna Varga, Esther Koop, Stefan M Willems, Carolien Hm Van Deurzen, Emilie J Groen, Alicia Cordoba, Jos Bart, Antien L Mooyaart, Jan G van den Tweel, Vicky Zolota, Jelle Wesseling, Anna Sapino, Ewa Chmielik, Ales Ryska, Frederic Amant, Annegien Broeks, Ron Kerkhoven, Nikolas Stathonikos, Mitko Veta, Adri Voogd, Katarzyna Jozwiak, Michael Hauptmann, Marlous Hoogstraat, Marjanka K Schmidt, Gabe Sonke, Elsken van der Wall, Sabine Siesling, Paul J van Diest, Sabine C Linn
INTRODUCTION: Currently used tools for breast cancer prognostication and prediction may not adequately reflect a young patient's prognosis or likely treatment benefit because they were not adequately validated in young patients. Since breast cancers diagnosed at a young age are considered prognostically unfavourable, many treatment guidelines recommend adjuvant systemic treatment for all young patients. Patients cured by locoregional treatment alone are, therefore, overtreated. Lack of prognosticators for young breast cancer patients represents an unmet medical need and has led to the initiation of the PAtients with bReAst cancer DIaGnosed preMenopausally (PARADIGM) initiative...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135269/return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-professional-soccer-players
#3
Renato Locks, Hajime Utsunomiya, Karen K Briggs, Shannen McNamara, Jorge Chahla, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic hip surgery has been shown to be effective in returning professional athletes back to play at a high level of performance in different sports. Limited information exists regarding professional soccer players and their return to play. PURPOSE: To determine the rate and time to return to sport for professional soccer players after hip arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and to identify possible risk factors associated with a delay in returning to play...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133152/laparoscopic-assisted-uterus-retrieval-from-live-organ-donors-for-uterine-transplant
#4
Shailesh Puntambekar, Milind Telang, Pankaj Kulkarni, Sanjeev Jadhav, Ravindra Sathe, Neeta Warty, Seema Puntambekar, Sandesh Kade, Mangesh Panse, Nikhil Agarkhedkar, Giriraj Gandhi, Manoj Manchekar, Hirav Parekh, Kajal Parikh, Riddhi Desai, Mehul Mehta, Mihir Chitale, Sambit Nanda
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the first ever laparoscopic assisted uterus retrieval in live donor for uterus transplant. DESIGN: A step-by-step surgical demonstration SETTING: Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India PATIENT(S): Two patients, ages 21 and 26 with Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and Ashermann's syndrome respectively, with their mothers as donors. INTERVENTION(S): A Twelve member team was formed. After review of available literature on uterine transplant a protocol was formulated and submitted to the IRB...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132595/remote-ecls-implantation-and-transport-for-retrieval-of-cardiogenic-shock-patients
#5
Sabina P W Guenther, Stefan Buchholz, Frank Born, Stefan Brunner, René Schramm, Dominik J Hoechter, Vera von Dossow, Maximilian Pichlmaier, Christian Hagl, Nawid Khaladj
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) emerges as a salvage option in therapy refractory cardiogenic shock but is limited to highly specialized tertiary care centers. Critically ill patients are often too unstable for conventional transport. Mobile ECLS programs for remote implantation and subsequent air or ground-based transport for patient retrieval could solve this dilemma and make full-spectrum advanced cardiac care available to patients in remote hospitals in whom shock otherwise might be fatal...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123568/the-use-of-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-following-thrombolysis-for-massive-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Alister Seaton, Luke E Hodgson, Ben Creagh-Brown, Adrian Pakavakis, Duncan LA Wyncoll, James F Doyle Jf
A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with a massive pulmonary embolism. Despite thrombolysis there were two episodes of cardiac arrest and following recovery of spontaneous circulation profound cardiorespiratory failure ensued. An extracorporeal membrane oxygenation retrieval team initiated veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation on site to facilitate transfer to the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation centre. An excellent outcome is reported in the short term. This represents one of the few published cases of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for a massive pulmonary embolism following thrombolysis...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115700/the-challenge-of-generalist-care-in-remote-australia-beyond-aeromedical-retrieval
#7
Zachary Pancer, Malcolm Moore, John T Wenham, Maelynn Burridge
OBJECTIVE: To examine clinical service activity amongst patients of the Royal Flying Doctor Service South Eastern Section in Far West New South Wales and to evaluate the management of chronic disease among frequent users of evacuation services. DESIGN: A retrospective audit of the Royal Flying Doctor Service South Eastern Section patient database inclusive of patients within the geographical study area who accessed a clinical or remote consultation, or evacuation service at least once between 1 July 2008 and 30 June 2013...
November 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112942/acupuncture-for-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Tong Liu, Jia-Ni Yu, Bing-Yan Cao, Yuan-Yuan Peng, Yu-Pei Chen, Li Zhang
Context • Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common complaints among young women. Acupuncture has been widely applied as a therapeutic modality in China and abroad for PD; however, the evidence for its benefits is still not convincing. Objective • The study intended to conduct a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the evidence regarding the use of acupuncture in treating PD. Design • The research team retrieved reports for RCTs published in 7 databases from their inception to March 2016, with no language restrictions: PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, the Chinese Biomedical database, and the Wanfang database...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110557/post-discharge-issues-identified-by-a-call-back-program-identifying-improvement-opportunities
#9
Patty Ines Ojeda, Areeba Kara
OBJECTIVES: The period following discharge from the hospital is one of heightened vulnerability. Discharge instructions serve as a guide during this transition. Yet, clinicians receive little feedback on the quality of this document that ties into the patients' experience. We reviewed the issues voiced by discharged patients via a call-back program and compared them to the discharge instructions they had received. METHODS: At our institution, patients receive an automated call forty-eight hours following discharge inquiring about progress...
November 7, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107761/improved-limb-salvage-for-patients-with-vascular-disease-and-tissue-loss-associated-with-new-model-of-provision-targeted-at-the-diabetic-foot
#10
Dean T Williams, Anna Powell-Chandler, Quratulain Qureshi, Aeliya Zaidi, Christopher J Whitaker
AIMS: The establishment of a vascular surgeon-led emergency diabetic foot service in 2006 has evolved to provide lower limb wound care for patients with and without diabetes. We aimed to determine whether the service was associated with sustained, improved limb salvage rates for the whole population, analyse key aspects of service provision and compare outcomes against published studies. METHODS: The vascular unit serves a largely rural population of approximately 240,000...
October 28, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080437/nursing-sensitive-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Patricia Minnock, Gabrielle McKee, Alexia Kelly, Sheree C Carter, Victoria Menzies, Denis O'Sullivan, Pam Richards, Mwidimi Ndosi, Yvonne van Eijk Hustings
BACKGROUND: Although rheumatology nursing has been shown to be effective in managing patients with rheumatoid arthritis, patient outcomes sensitive to nursing interventions (nursing sensitive outcomes) have not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify and delineate relevant patient outcomes measured in studies that reported nursing interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted from 1990 to 2016...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079552/web-based-tools-for-text-based-patient-provider-communication-in-chronic-conditions-scoping-review
#12
Teja Voruganti, Eva Grunfeld, Tutsirai Makuwaza, Jacqueline L Bender
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic conditions require ongoing care which not only necessitates support from health care providers outside appointments but also self-management. Web-based tools for text-based patient-provider communication, such as secure messaging, allow for sharing of contextual information and personal narrative in a simple accessible medium, empowering patients and enabling their providers to address emerging care needs. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) conduct a systematic search of the published literature and the Internet for Web-based tools for text-based communication between patients and providers; (2) map tool characteristics, their intended use, contexts in which they were used, and by whom; (3) describe the nature of their evaluation; and (4) understand the terminology used to describe the tools...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079016/the-8-year-experience-of-the-florence-referral-ecmo-center-and-retrieval-team-for-acute-respiratory-failure
#13
Giovanni Cianchi, Chiara Lazzeri, Manuela Bonizzoli, Stefano Batacchi, Morena Cozzolino, Marco Ciapetti, Pasquale Bernardo, Andrea Franci, Marco Chiostri, Adriano Peris
OBJECTIVE: Many extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) centers for respiratory failure and ECMO mobile teams were instituted during the H1N1 pandemic. Data on transportation are scarce and heterogeneous. The authors therefore described the experience of their referral ECMO center for severe respiratory failure from 2009 to 2016 and gave a comprehensive report of transfers performed by their mobile ECMO team. DESIGN: Observational retrospective study. SETTING: An intensive care unit (ECMO referral center) in a teaching hospital...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068377/interdisciplinary-ehealth-practice-in-cancer-care-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Anna Janssen, Melissa Brunner, Melanie Keep, Monique Hines, Srivalli Vilapakkam Nagarajan, Candice Kielly-Carroll, Sarah Dennis, Zoe McKeough, Tim Shaw
This review aimed to identify research that described how eHealth facilitates interdisciplinary cancer care and to understand the ways in which eHealth innovations are being used in this setting. An integrative review of eHealth interventions used for interdisciplinary care for people with cancer was conducted by systematically searching research databases in March 2015, and repeated in September 2016. Searches resulted in 8531 citations, of which 140 were retrieved and scanned in full, with twenty-six studies included in the review...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064300/interdisciplinary-ehealth-for-the-care-of-people-living-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#15
Vivienne Tran, Mary K Lam, Krestina L Amon, Melissa Brunner, Monique Hines, Merrolee Penman, Robyn Lowe, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE: To identify literature which discusses the barriers and enablers of eHealth technology and which evaluates its role in facilitating interdisciplinary team work for the care of people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by searching CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. STUDY SELECTION: Studies included in the review were required to feature an eHealth intervention which assisted interdisciplinary care for people with TBI...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063973/improving-regional-stroke-systems-of-care
#16
REVIEW
Melissa S Eng, Anand V Patel, Richard B Libman, Paul Wright, Jeffrey M Katz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) care is rapidly evolving. This review discusses current diagnostic, therapeutic, and process models that can expedite stroke treatment to achieve best outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Use of stent retrievers after selection via advanced imaging is safe and effective, and is an important option for AIS patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO). Significant time delays occur before and during patient transfers, and upon comprehensive stroke center (CSC) arrival, and have deleterious effects on functional outcome...
October 24, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063574/public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#17
R Thiébaut, F Thiessard
Objectives: To summarize current research in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. Methods: The complete 2016 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers. Results: Among the 829 references retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science, three were finally selected as best papers...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063553/contributions-from-the-2016-literature-on-clinical-decision-support
#18
V Koutkias, J Bouaud
Objectives: To summarize recent research and select the best papers published in 2016 in the field of computerized clinical decision support for the Decision Support section of the IMIA yearbook. Methods: A literature review was performed by searching two bibliographic databases for papers related to clinical decision support systems (CDSSs). The aim was to identify a list of candidate best papers from the retrieved papers that were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting of the IMIA editorial team finally selected the best papers on the basis of all reviews and section editor evaluation...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058310/a-novel-risk-score-for-severe-ards-patients-undergoing-ecmo-after-retrieval-from-peripheral-hospitals
#19
C Lazzeri, G Cianchi, T Mauri, A Pesenti, M Bonizzoli, S Batacchi, M Chiostri, F Socci, A Peris
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in severe ARDS unresponsive to conventional protective ventilation is associated with elevated costs, resource and complications, and appropriate risk stratification of candidate patients could be useful to recognize those more likely to benefit from ECMO. We aimed to derive a new outcome prediction score for patients retrieved by our ECMO team from peripheral centers, including systematic echocardiographic evaluation before ECMO start...
October 23, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049839/pusher-preventing-maximum-expansion-of-transfemoral-transcatheter-valves
#20
Josepha Koehne, Mirko Doss, Won-Keun Kim, Thomas Walther
To report on 2 rare cases of balloon-expandable transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation, where a trapped balloon led to complications requiring acute intervention. Both patients were elderly with increased risk profile and had been discussed by the heart team. After standard positioning of the valves using a transfemoral approach, retrieval of the pusher before deployment of the valve was missed. In 1 patient, rapid pacing was continued, the balloon deflated, the pusher pulled back and the balloon repositioned and reinflated...
August 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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