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Lu Luo, Qiong Wang, Minghui Chen, Guangqing Yuan, Zengyan Wang, Canquan Zhou
This study aims to demonstrate the possible relationship between the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system and early miscarriage in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients with euploid embryos. 40 pregnant women included. 9 had PCOS and miscarried; 20 had PCOS and a successful ongoing pregnancy; the remaining 11 women did not have PCOS and miscarried. An ultrasound scan was performed to prove clinical pregnancy and a blood sample was taken on day 55 ± 4 of gestation. Serum samples of IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), total testosterone, serum hormone binding protein (SHBG), leptin and soluble leptin receptor (sOb-R) were obtained...
July 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Rodolfo A Elizondo, Jason K Au, Patricio C Gargollo, Duong T Tu
A vesicocutaneous fistula is an abnormal communication from the bladder to the skin (Pritts et al, 2001). Recently, wound vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) has been used to facilitate fistula closure. There are no reports of using VAC to help fistula closure in the pediatric population. We present a case of an adolescent patient who develops a vesicocutaneous fistula after bladder augment cystoplasty and was treated with VAC only.
September 2016: Urology
Yanqiu Jiang, Ling Yang, Zongxia Guo, Shengbin Lei
The interface between organic semiconductor and graphene electrode, especially the structure of the first few molecular layers at the interface, is crucial for the device properties such as the charge transport in organic field effect transistors. In this work, we have used scanning tunneling microscopy to investigate the poly (3-octyl-thiophene) (P3OT)-graphene interface. Our results reveal the dynamic assembling of P3OT on single layer graphene. As on other substrates the epitaxial effect plays a role in determining the orientation of the P3OT assembling, however, the inter-thiophene distance along the backbone is consistent with that optimized in vaccum, no compression was observed...
2015: Scientific Reports
Jiansong Fu, Shunhong Gao, Jingyu Zhang, Wenlong Zhang, Yunpeng Zhang, Yulong Ni
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effectiveness of free anterolateral thigh flap pedicled with medial sural vessels for treatment of leg skin and soft tissue defects. METHODS: Between July 2008 and January 2014, 32 cases of serious skin and soft tissue defects in the leg were repaired by using free anterolateral thigh flap pedicled with medial sural artery and vein. Of them, there were 22 males and 10 females, aged 23 to 50 years (mean, 36.5 years). Defects were caused by traffic accidents injury in 9 cases, crash injury of heavy object in 15 cases, and machine twist injury in 8 cases...
July 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Chloé Dratwa, Aurélie Jalaguier-Coudray, Jeanne Thomassin-Piana, Julie Gonin, Jocelyne Chopier, Martine Antoine, Isabelle Trop, Emile Darai, Isabelle Thomassin-Naggara
PURPOSE: To identify pathological features for sample analysis of magnetic resonance imaging-guided vaccum-assisted breast biopsy (MRIgVaBB) to optimize radio pathological correlation and identify discordant benign result. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Databases of two centres were queried to identify MRIgVaBB performed between January 2009 and February 2013. A cohort of 197 women (mean age: 54.5 years (24-77)) with 208 lesions was identified. We retrospectively analyzed all prebiopsy MRI examinations according to the new BI-RADS lexicon, and all biopsy samples to describe the lesion of interest, its interface with the surrounding breast tissue and other associated features...
August 2016: European Radiology
A Villot, X Deffieux, G Demoulin, A-L Rivain, C Trichot, T Thubert
AIM: To analyse the prevalence of postpartum anal incontinence, its risk factors, and its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive systematic review of the literature on PubMed, Medline, Embase and Cochrane using: postpartum anal incontinence, postpartum fecal incontinence, perineal rehabilitation, anal surgery. RESULTS: The prevalence of postpartum anal incontinence varied from 4% (primipare) to 39% (multipare) at 6 weeks postpartum, whereas fecal incontinence can reach respectively 8 to 12% 6 years after delivery...
December 2015: Progrès en Urologie
Angélica Luisi Scholl, Daiane Menegol, Ana Paula Pitarelo, Roselei Claudete Fontana, Arion Zandoná Filho, Luiz Pereira Ramos, Aldo José Pinheiro Dillon, Marli Camassola
In this work, steam explosion was used a pretreatment method to improve the conversion of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) to cellulosic ethanol. This way, enzymatic hydrolysis of vaccum-drained and water-washed steam-treated substrates was carried out with Penicillium echinulatum enzymes while Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 was used for fermentation. After 48 h of hydrolysis, the highest yield of reducing sugars was obtained from vaccum-drained steam-treated substrates that were produced after 10 min at 200 °C (863...
September 2015: Bioresource Technology
Man-Dang Zhu, Jiang-Xue Du, Le Yue, Jin-Feng Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Shou-Kun Lu, Xin-Hua Zhan
It is of great importance to investigate the extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in plant root apoplast solution for elucidating the mechanisms underlying root absorption and translocation of PAHs and their control. However, little information is available on the extraction of plant root apoplast solution to date. In this study, wheat was employed and phenanthrene was used as the representative of PAHs. Phenanthrene extracted from wheat root apoplast solution increased with increasing vaccum degree, vacuum time, centrifugal speed and centrifugal time...
February 2015: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Chun-Feng Deng, Chun-Lei Wu, Yi-Fu Wang, Biao Lu, Zhong-Wei Wen
In order to study the discharge process of vacuum arc ion source, make a detail description of the discharge plasma, and lay the foundation for further research on ion source, atomic emission spectrometry was used to diagnose the parameters of plasma produced by vaccum arc ion source. In the present paper, two kinds of analysis method for the emission spectra data collected by a spectrometer were developed. Those were based in the stark broadening of spectral lines and Saba-Boltzmann equation. Using those two methods, the electron temperature, electron number density and the ion temperature of the plasma can be determined...
March 2014: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
Mari Kikuchi, Hiroko Tsunoda, Tadashi Kaneshiro, Osamu Takahashi, Koyu Suzuki, Hideko Yamauchi, Taro Ichikawa, Shin-ichiro Kumita
OBJECTIVE: Retrospective study to determine whether new mammography imaging characteristics can improve identification of an isolated cluster of coarse heterogeneous and fine pleomorphic calcifications as benign or malignant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. The study included 123 women (mean age, 50 years: age range, 34-79 years), in whom mammograms had found pleomorphic clustered calcifications, but without abnormal ultrasound findings and who underwent stereotactically-guided vaccum-assisted breast biopsy...
2014: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Madhusudan Dey
BACKGROUND: Cervical priming agents mainly prostaglandins in different doses and routes are used during first trimester vaccum aspiration to prevent cervical injury and shorten the abortion procedure. This study was carried out to assess women's acceptability, the efficacy and side effects of oral versus vaginal administration of misoprostol in facilitating cervical dilatation prior to first trimester vaccum aspiration. METHODS: A randomised control study where 120 women were divided in oral (51) and vaginal (69) group...
January 2013: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Zhong Liu, Hong Xu, Zhao Zhang, Yunsheng Teng, Meng Wu, Shenglin Tao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of staged treatment of open Pilon fracture combined with soft tissue defect. METHODS: Between June 2007 and December 2012, 18 cases of open Pilon fracture combined with soft tissue defect were treated. There were 14 males and 4 females with an average age of 35 years (range, 19-55 years). The causes of injury included falling from height in 12 cases, traffic accident in 4 cases, and crushing by machine in 2 cases. According to AO classification, 1 case was classified as type B2 fracture, 3 cases as type B3 fracture, 5 cases as type C1 fracture, 5 cases as type C2 fracture, and 4 cases as type C3 fracture...
October 2013: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
L Habib, M R Mirza, M Zubair
To determine the correlation of wound morbidity especially serum drain output in on lay mesh hernioplasty with Body Mass Index (BMI). This prospective descriptive study was conducted at Hamdard University Hospital and Jamal Noor Hospital from January 2010 to December 2011. A total of 42 females with ventral hernias were included. According to BMI, patients were divided in two groups. Group 1(G-1) included patients with BMI ≤29.9 and Group 2(G-2) included patients with BMI ≥30. All patients underwent hernioplasty by conventional open method (on lay technique)...
October 2013: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Jun Ma, Huan Li, Linggang Cheng, Song Lin
BACKGROUND: Epidural intracranial hematoma is one of the most common complications of surgeries for intracranial tumors. The non-regional epidural hematoma is related to severe fluctuation of the intracranial pressure during the operation. The traditional management of hematoma evacuation through craniotomy is time-consuming and may aggravate intracranial pressure imbalance, which causes further complications. We designed a method using vaccum epidural drainage system, and tried to evaluate advantage and the disadvantage of this new technique...
2013: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
Alen Karic, Zoran Jerkic
INTRODUCTION: Techniques of coronary artery revascularisation on the beating heart have evolved with an attempt to reduce the potential deleterious effects of extracorporeal circulation. It is of particular value in those with a calcified or atheromatous ascending aorta. Total arterial revascularisation is ideal. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of 66 year-old male patient, previously suffered mild cerebrovascular incident, schedueled for myocardial revascularisation of double coronary disease with Left main stenosis...
2013: Medical Archives
Nikhil Tiwari, Gautam Ganguly, Anurag Garg
AIM: To devise a simple, cheap and effective improvised method of treating deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) by negative pressure obviating high cost of patented systems. METHOD: Records of ten post CABG patients operated via median sternotomy approach over a two and half year period and treated for DSWI were analysed. Sterile foam with drain was placed in the wound, which was covered with Ioban (Steridrape), the drain being connected to a suction unit maintaining 100mmHg pressure (<$12 cost)...
July 2013: Heart, Lung & Circulation
M N Mallikarjuna, Abhishek Vijayakumar, Vijayraj S Patil, B S Shivswamy
Fournier's gangrene is an acute, rapidly progressive, and potentially fatal, infective necrotizing fasciitis affecting the external genitalia, perineal or perianal regions, which commonly affects men, but can also occur in women and children. There has been an increase in number of cases in recent times. Despite advanced management mortality is still high and averages 20-30%. Early diagnosis using Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis score and stratification of patients into high risk category using Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index score help in early initiation of treatment...
2012: ISRN Surgery
Fabiana Takatsui, Marcelo Ferrarezi de Andrade, Maximiliano Piero Neisser, Luiz Antônio Borelli Barros, Leonor de Castro Monteiro Loffredo
The aim of this study was to analyze the color alterations performed by the CIE L*a*b* system in the digital imaging of shade guide tabs, which were obtained photographically according to the automatic and manual modes. This study also sought to examine the observers' agreement in quantifying the coordinates. Four Vita Lumin Vaccum shade guide tabs were used: A3.5, B1, B3 and C4. An EOS Canon digital camera was used to record the digital images of the shade tabs, and the images were processed using Adobe Photoshop software...
November 2012: Brazilian Oral Research
Cui Li, Fushi Guan, Zhihong Dai, Hui Jiang, Fang Wen, Lianshou Lu, Zaishi Wang
To prepare anti-Brucella abortus serum used for calibrate the agglutination test follwing the national standard, 4 anti-Brucella abortus sera were obtained from 4 cows infected with Brucella abortus naturally. By potency testing, the third serum was selected. Sterility, vaccum degree, residual moisture, uniformity and stability of this standard material were tested and proved to meet the national standard. Referring to the international standard, RBT (Rose-Bengal plate agglutination test), SAT (standard tube agglutination) and CFT (complement fixation test) titers of this standard material were measured to be 1:160 "+" 1:2 400 "++" and 1:800 "++", which are identical with the collaborative assay results...
May 2011: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Sheng Yang, Jian-min Lu, De-wei Zhao, Dan-yang Zhou, Xin-lu Li, Xing Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of CT and MRI in the diagnosis of avascular necrosis of the vertebral body (ANV). METHODS: Twelve ANV patients were retrospectively analysed by their medical history, clinic manifestation, CT and MRI. Twelve AVN patients were treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). The pain level of each patient was assessed, both before and after the procedure, using a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: All the patients had ANV in the thoracolumbar spine...
June 2011: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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