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pronated patient care

Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Giovanni Ravenni, Benedetta Ciampi, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy
OBJECTIVE: Foot problems are often present in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients, however studies regarding podiatric problems related to SSc are lacking and there are no data evaluating the foot biomechanical changes. The aim of the present pilot study was to evaluate podiatric problems in an Italian cohort of SSc patients by assessing received podiatric services, foot pain and disability and biomechanical foot deformity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 25 consecutive SSc patients were enrolled from the Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
Steffi S I Falk, Thomas Mittlmeier, Georg Gradl
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fracture are common injuries but no gold standard for their therapy exists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of fracture care in distal radius fractures using an intramedullary implant (Targon DR interlocking nail). The nail had been developed to minimize the surgical exposure, increase fixation strength, to prevent tendon irritations and to allow for a fast return to activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study reports the result of 43 patients with an age over 70 years (range 70-91 years) treated by closed reduction and intramedullary fixation...
December 2016: Injury
J Fan, B Jiang, B Wang, K Chen, F Yuang, J Mei, G-R Yu
The aim of the study was to analysis soft-tissue complications of volar plate fixation and it's prevention strategies along with exploring clinical effects of preserving pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle. From February 2011 to February 2013, sixty-five patients with distal radius fracture underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the volar locking palmar plates. The group with preserving PQ involved 30 patients and group with PQ repair involved 35 patients. Surgeons must took great care of not -letting drill pierce dorsal cortical bone rapidly and dorsal carpal tangential fluoroscopy was also taken in addition to lateral fluoroscopy to get accurate screw length...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Payel Chatterjee, Rebecca Banerjee, Supriyo Choudhury, Banashree Mondal, Marium Umme Kulsum, Koustav Chatterjee, Hrishikesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Mirror movements (MM) have been previously reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite being potentially relevant in PD, MM as a neurological sign have remained less recognized. In this study we critically evaluated the characteristic features of MM and their attributes among a cohort of PD patients from a tertiary care center of eastern part of India. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 70 patients with PD were evaluated using Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and a previously used scale to score MM in the OFF and ON phases of l-Dopa therapy...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Arash Moghaddam, Tim Friedrich Raven, Eike Dremel, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul Alfred Grutzner, Bahram Biglari
BACKGROUND: Comminuted radial head fractures are often associated with secondary injuries and elbow instability. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate how well the modular metallic radial head implant EVOLVE® prosthesis restores functional range of motion (ROM) and stability of the elbow in acute care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients with comminuted radial head fractures and associated injuries received treatment with an EVOLVE® prosthesis between May 2001 and November 2009...
February 2016: Trauma Monthly
Mike Szekeres, Joy C MacDermid, Trevor Birmingham, Ruby Grewal
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the inter-rater reliability of using a modified finger goniometer (MFG) for the measurement of isolated forearm rotation for patients with distal radius fractures to the currently accepted technique for isolated forearm measurement. INTRODUCTION: The currently accepted method of forearm measurement requires the assessor to visually estimate vertical for the stationary arm and placement of the moveable arm while placing a straight edge along a curved surface...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
X H Liu, X Y Jiang, M Q Gong, Y J Zha
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effect of single low dose local radiotherapy and indomethacin together in the prevention of recurrence of ectopic ossification around the elbow after resection. METHODS: From Jun. 2009 to Dec. 2011, we performed excision of ectopic ossification around the elbow in 78 stiff elbows. For each case, we used both medial and lateral approaches, and we performed both anterior and posterior capsulectomies and removal of ectopic ossification. In the lateral approach, we started proximally, the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus was exposed from the interval between extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) and triceps, and then distally passed the interval between ECRL and extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB)...
April 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Fadi Bouri, Mazhar Fuad, Ayman Elsayed Abdolenour
INTRODUCTION: Volar dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint is a rare injury which is commonly missed in the emergency departments. A thorough review of literature showed very few reported cases and the cause for irreducibility varied in different cases, Lack of suspicion and improper X-ray can delay the diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Our article discusses a case 40 year old construction worker, who presented to the Emergency with work-related injury, complaining of left wrist pain, deformity and inability to rotate his forearm...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kiyohito Naito, Ahmed Zemirline, Yoichi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Obata, Philippe Liverneaux, Kazuo Kaneko
The management of distal radius fractures has dramatically improved due to the development of a locking plate system. In addition, mini-invasive surgery has been performed in a lot of surgical fields in recent years. The aim of the present study is to investigate the possibility of fixation of a distal radius fracture with a volar locking plate through a 10 mm approach. Eighteen patients with distal radius fracture (mean age: 66 y; range, 28 to 88 y; 8 males and 10 females) were operated on using a volar locking plate...
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Yuichiro Matsui, Tadanao Funakoshi, Hideyuki Kobayashi, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Tamotsu Kamishima, Norimasa Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), first described by Nora et al. in 1983 and therefore termed "Nora's lesion", is a rare lesion that occurs in the short bones of the hands and feet and eventually presents as a parosteal mass. Reports of BPOP in the long bones are very rare. A benign disease, BPOP does not become malignant, although a high rate of recurrence following surgical resection is reported. Because of its atypical imaging findings and histopathological appearance, a BPOP might be misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor such as an osteochondroma with malignant transformation, a parosteal osteosarcoma, or a periosteal osteosarcoma...
March 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
S Delclaux, T T Trang Pham, N Bonnevialle, C Aprédoaei, M Rongières, P Bonnevialle, P Mansat
BACKGROUND: Distal radius malunion is a major complication of distal radius fractures, reported in 0 to 33% of cases. Corrective osteotomy to restore normal anatomy usually provides improved function and significant pain relief. We report the outcomes in a case-series with special attention to the potential influence of the initial management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-centre retrospective study included 12 patients with a mean age of 35years (range, 14-60years) who were managed by different surgeons...
May 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Caroline J Verveld, Jonathan R Danoff, Joseph M Lombardi, Melvin P Rosenwasser
Perineural scarring is a major cause of recurrent symptoms after anterior subcutaneous transposition secured with a fascial sling. Use of a vascularized adipose flap to secure the anteriorly transposed ulnar nerve can help reduce nerve adherence and may enhance nerve recovery. In the study reported here, we retrospectively reviewed the long-term outcomes of ulnar nerve anterior subcutaneous transposition secured with either an adipose flap (16 patients) or a fascial sling (17 patients). The 33 patients underwent physical examinations and completed the DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand) questionnaire, visual analog scales (VASs), and the Modified Bishop Rating Scale (MBRS)...
February 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
G N Kiran Kumar, Gaurav Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Vijay Sharma, Vaibhav Jain, Ravijot Singh, Vivek Morey
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional and radiological outcome of comminuted radial head fractures, which were not amenable for classical open reduction with internal fixation, treated by on-table reconstruction and fixation using low profile plates. METHODS: We reviewed 6 patients of Mason type III radial head fractures treated by on-table reconstruction technique between 2011 and 2013. There were 5 men and 1 woman with a mean age of 35 years (range 25-46 years)...
2015: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Shiva K Ratuapli, Kevin C Ruff, Francisco C Ramirez, Qing Wu, Deepika Mohankumar, Marco Santello, David E Fleischer
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Gastroenterology trainees acquire skill and proficiency in performing colonoscopies at different rates. The cause for heterogeneous competency among the trainees is unclear. Kinematic analysis of the wrist joint while performing colonoscopy can objectively assess the variation in wrist motion. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that the time spent by the trainees in extreme ranges of wrist motion will decrease as the trainees advance through the fellowship year...
December 2015: Endoscopy International Open
David R Vinson, Gregory S Kann, Samuel D Gaona, Edward A Panacek
OBJECTIVES: Acute elbow injuries are common in the acute care setting. A previous study observed that limited active range of motion (ROM) was highly sensitive for radiographic injuries after blunt trauma. Our aim was to validate these findings in patients ≥5 years old with an acute (<24 hours) nonpenetrating elbow injury. METHODS: This prospective study included a convenience sample of patients undergoing plain radiographs of an injured elbow in 3 emergency departments...
February 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ananth P Abraham, S Balaji Srinivas, Muthukumar Murthy, K Srinivasa Babu, Ari G Chacko
BACKGROUND: Surface electromyography (EMG) is a noninvasive, accurate method to measure electrical activity produced in muscles. AIM: To assess the improvement of spasticity after decompressive surgery for compressive myelopathy using surface EMG. SETTING AND DESIGN: Neurophysiology laboratory of a tertiary care center. Before-after trial. Both EMG and Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) were utilized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one nonconsecutive patients (28 males; age 25-72 years) with compressive cervical myelopathy and spasticity (MMAS score ≥1) were recruited...
November 2015: Neurology India
Kyle Berry
This article describes a brief review of prone therapy and its efficacy and effect on mortality in the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Furthermore, the situational background and clinical events that transpired prior to, during, and after the institution of pronation therapy for Elkhart General Hospital's Critical Care Center's first pronation patient using the RotoProne Therapy System are described from the nurse's perspective. The lessons learned from this first experience have led to the formation of several practice-based recommendations for future patient care...
November 2015: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Xavier Simcock, Apurva S Shah, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: Congenital radioulnar synostosis (CRUS) refers to an abnormal connection between the radius and ulna due to embryological failure of separation. Derotational osteotomy has been advocated for children with functional limitations, although historically this procedure has been associated with a 36% complication rate including compartment syndrome and loss of correction. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of consecutive patients who underwent derotational osteotomy for CRUS at a single institution was performed...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Kristen M Davidge, Andrew Yee, Amy M Moore, Susan E Mackinnon
BACKGROUND: The authors reviewed their initial clinical experience with the supercharge end-to-side anterior interosseous-to-ulnar motor nerve transfer and refined their indications for this technique. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all patients undergoing the supercharge end-to-side procedure from 2009 to 2012. Preoperative and intraoperative data were reviewed. Function was evaluated using manual muscle testing; pinch/grip strength; and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire scores...
September 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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