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Sodium hydroxide

Talambedu Usha, Sushen Pradhan, Arvind Kumar Goyal, Shanmugarajan Dhivya, H P Prashanth Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh, Neelu Joshi, Bharat Chandra Basistha, K R Siddalinga Murthy, Saravanakumar Selvaraj, Sushil Kumar Middha
Objective: The main aim of this scientific report was to investigate a series of phytochemicals in silico and the pharmacology of four plants found at higher altitude in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae (incl. Costaceae) from North-East India, particularly Sikkim. First, the goal was to determine the biological activities of the four herbs (used under Zingiberaceae family) using antioxidant assays to identify the best species. Second, previously reported compounds in litero were subsequently screened for their anticancerous activities using in silico methods...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Judith A Egan, Crist N Filer
The two step synthesis of [(14) C]sodium ferrocyanide decahydrate is described. Ferrous hydroxide was prepared from iron powder and then reacted with [(14) C]sodium cyanide to afford the product. The [(14) C]sodium ferrocyanide decahydrate was characterized by HPLC and (13) C NMR.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Diego P Rocha, Gabriel C Terra, Thaís S Nery, Jairo Tronto, Frederico G Pinto, Sidnei G Silva, Nívia M M Coelho
This work showed a flow system designed with solenoid valves for preconcentration of fluoride using SPADNS method in water samples. The analyte was preconcentrated in a mini-column coated with Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH) used as adsorbent. Then, the fluoride ions were eluted with 0.5molL(-1) sodium hydroxide and determined by spectrophotometry. The variables that affect the system such adsorbent mass, type of eluent, solutions flow rate, reagent concentration and pH effect were critically evaluated. Under optimized conditions, the detection limit, coefficient of variation, linear range and preconcentration factor were estimated at 15µgL(-1) (99...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
T Theivasanthi, F L Anne Christma, Adeleke Joshua Toyin, Subash C B Gopinath, Ramanibai Ravichandran
Nanocellulose prepared from the natural material has a promising wide range of opportunities to obtain the superior material properties towards various end-products. In this research, commercially available natural cotton was treated with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution to eliminate the hemicellulose and lignin, then cellulose was collected. The collected cellulose was subjected to acid hydrolysis using sulfuric acid to obtain nanocellulose. The prepared nanocellulose was further characterized with the aid of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy to elucidate the chemical structure, crystallinity and the morphology...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Angel Resendez, Md Abdul Halim, Jasmeet Singh, Dominic-Luc Webb, Bakthan Singaram
To address carbohydrates that are commonly used in biomedical applications with low binding affinities for boronic acid based detection systems, two chemical modification methods were utilized to increase sensitivity. Modified carbohydrates were analyzed using a two component fluorescent probe based on boronic acid-appended viologen-HPTS (4,4'-o-BBV). Carbohydrates normally giving poor signals (fucose, l-rhamnose, xylose) were subjected to sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction in ambient conditions for 1 h yielding the corresponding sugar alcohols from fucose, l-rhamnose and xylose in essentially quantitative yields...
November 13, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Isis P A F Souza, André L Cazetta, Osvaldo Pezoti, Vitor C Almeida
In this study, the biosorption properties of Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril) fruit shell for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions, and its potential as a low-cost biosorbent for water treatment, were investigated. The Jatoba fruit shell (JBin) was subjected to different treatments with heated water (JBH2O) and sodium hydroxide (JBNaOH) to modify its surfaces and improve its adsorption properties. The chemical modification of the surfaces of the resulting materials was confirmed by analyzing the compositions and structural features of the raw material and the chemically treated materials using SEM, FTIR, (13)C NMR, and pHpzc...
November 12, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
James Sloots, Wendy Lalonde, Barbara Reid, Jonathan Millman
The Kastle-Meyer (KM) test is a quick and easy chemical test for blood used in forensic analyses. Two practical variations of this test are the KM-rub (indirect) test and the more sensitive KM-direct test, the latter of which is performed by applying reagents directly to a suspected blood stain. This study found that sodium hydroxide present in the KM reagents eliminated the potential to generate a DNA profile when applied directly to small quantities of blood. A modified approach to the KM-rub test that increases its sensitivity is presented as a method to replace destructive KM-direct testing...
October 13, 2017: Forensic Science International
Y Zhai, I M Pérez-Díaz
Reformulation of calcium chloride (CaCl2 ) cover brine for cucumber fermentation was explored as a mean to minimize the incidence of bloater defect. This study particularly focused on cover brine supplementation with calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2 ), sodium chloride (NaCl), and acids to enhance buffer capacity, inhibit the indigenous carbon dioxide (CO2 )- producing microbiota, and decrease the solubility of the gas. The influence of the cover brine formulations tested, on the cucumber fermentation microbiota, biochemistry, CO2 production, and bloating defect was studied using metagenetics, HPLC analysis, a portable gas analyzer and bloater index, respectively...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Henning Weiss, Jeannine Reichel, Helmar Görls, Kilian Rolf Anton Schneider, Mathias Micheel, Michael Pröhl, Michael Gottschaldt, Benjamin Dietzek, Wolfgang Weigand
Eight difluoroboron complexes of curcumin derivatives carrying alkyne groups containing substituents have been synthesized following an optimised reaction pathway. The complexes were received in yields up to 98% and high purities. Their properties as fluorescent dyes have been investigated. Furthermore, a strategy for the hydrolysis of the BF2 group has been established using aqueous methanol and sodium hydroxide or triethylamine.
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Waleed Alahmad, Thanakorn Pluangklang, Thitirat Mantim, Victor Cerdà, Prapin Wilairat, Nuanlaor Ratanawimarnwong, Duangjai Nacapricha
Use of membraneless vaporization (MBL-VP) unit with two cone-shaped reservoirs is presented for on-line separation and detection of non-volatile species. A flow system comprising two sets of MBL-VP units with a single in-house capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector (C4D) was developed for dual determination of ammonium and sulfide ions. Using the continuous-flow section, two zones (280μL) of a sample, either mixed with sodium hydroxide (for ammonium) or hydrochloric acid (for sulfide), are separately delivered into the donor reservoir of the MBL-VP units...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
Suphasinee Sateanchok, Sunanta Wangkarn, Chalermpong Saenjum, Kate Grudpan
A cost-effective assay for antioxidant using simple cotton thread combining paper based device with mobile phone detection has been investigated. Standard and sample solutions flow along a bunch of cotton thread treated with sodium hydroxide via microfluidic behaviors without external pumping. The analyte solution reacts with the reagents that have been immobilized on the paper strip fixed at the end of the cotton bunch. The developed platforms were used for the assays of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity by employing Folin-Ciocalteu and 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) respectively...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
Mohamed Zbair, Kaisu Ainassaari, Asmaa Drif, Satu Ojala, Michael Bottlinger, Minna Pirilä, Riitta L Keiski, Mohammed Bensitel, Rachid Brahmi
The use of argan nut shell as a precursor for producing activated carbon was investigated in this work. Two activated carbons AC-HP and AC-Na were prepared from argan nut shell by chemical activation method using phosphoric acid (H3PO4) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH), respectively. Textural, morphological, and surface chemistry characteristics were studied by nitrogen physisorption, TGA, SEM, TXRF, FTIR, XRD, and by determining the pHPZC of the AC-HP. The adsorption experiments revealed that AC-HP was more efficient in adsorption of BPA due to high specific surface area (1372 m(2)/g) compared to AC-Na (798 m(2)/g)...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Haijun Wu, Xin Dai, Hui Li, Chunying Lv
Impairment of vision or blindness always occurs in the progress of corneal neovascularization (CNV). CNV may cause corneal graft rejection at corneal transplant status. Thus, intervention of CNV is of concern to clinical treatment. Given minocycline was reported with inhibiting effect on CNV, our study was focused on specific effect of minocycline on CNV after corneal alkaline burn. Seventy-five male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned into three groups with an equal number (25). Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution was used to establish corneal alkaline burn model...
October 20, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Seung-Min Lee, Ji-Seon Jeong, Ha-Jeong Kwon, Seon-Pyo Hong
Astragali Radix, the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, is one of the most frequently used crude drugs in Asian medicine. We developed a quantification method for 6 components (calycosin, formononetin, astragaloside I-IV) of Astragali Radix and Hwanggi-gyeji-omul-tang (HGOT) using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with integrated pulsed amperometric detection (RP-HPLC-IPAD). The plants were extracted in 80% ethanol for 2h. All target components were detected with good sensitivity using sodium hydroxide (as a post-column eluent)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Su Yean Ong, Hui-Pheng Kho, Sebastian L Riedel, Seok-Won Kim, Chee-Yuen Gan, Todd D Taylor, Kumar Sudesh
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are produced in microbes as a source of carbon and energy storage. They are biodegradable and have properties similar to synthetic plastics, which make them an interesting alternative to petroleum-based plastics. In this study, a refined method of recovering PHA from Cupriavidus necator biomass was proposed by incorporating the use of the yellow mealworm (the larval phase of the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor) as partial purification machinery, followed by washing of the fecal pellets with distilled water and sodium hydroxide...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
Prasanna Neelakantan, Priyanka Sriraman, James L Gutmann
The aim of this study was to use cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate the removal of calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) from root canals after using different irrigation and activation protocols. Root canals (n = 128) were filled with Ca(OH)2 and scanned using CBCT. The Ca(OH)2 was removed after 1 week using 1 of 12 groups (G1-G12) according to the final irrigating solution: G1, 6% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + 18% etidronic acid (EA) with no activation; G2, NaOCL + EA + passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI); G3, NaOCl + EA + Finishing File (FF); G4, NaOCl + EA + NaviTip FX irrigation needle (NTFX); G5, 3% NaOCl + 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) with no activation; G6, NaOCl + EDTA + PUI; G7, NaOCl + EDTA + FF; G8, NaOCl + EDTA + NTFX; G9, 3% NaOCl with no activation; G10, NaOCl + PUI; G11, NaOCl + FF; G12, NaOCL + NTFX...
November 2017: General Dentistry
Barbara Buffoli, Gaia Favero, Elisa Borsani, Ramon Boninsegna, Guido Sancassani, Mauro Labanca, Rita Rezzani, Pier Francesco Nocini, Massimo Albanese, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella
Surgical techniques in dental and maxillofacial surgery request fast bone tissue regeneration, so there is a significant need to improve therapy for bone regeneration. Several studies have recently underlined the importance of nucleotides and nucleosides to increase cell proliferation and activity; in particular, the ability of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) to induce growth and activity of human osteoblasts was demonstrated. Sodium-DNA is the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from the gonadic tissue of male sturgeon and then purified, depolymerized, and neutralized with sodium hydroxide...
2017: BioMed Research International
Rafael Simões Gonçalves, Polliana Mendes Candia Scaffa, Marina Ciccone Giacomini, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Heitor Marques Honório, Linda Wang
OBJECTIVES: Because of its ability to act as an antiproteolytic agent, the effect of sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP) against specific enzymes extracted from sound dentin and its performance under acidic challenge on demineralized dentin were investigated. METHODS: The antiproteolytic potential of STMP (0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5%) was assessed in triplicate by zymography. For the evaluation of remineralization activity, 50 bovine-root dentin specimens were selected and randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Yin Yuan, Xudong Shi, Zhihua Gan, Fosong Wang
Due to their good biocompatibility, biodegradability and special shapes, porous poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres show a wide application in the field of tissue engineering. Herein we demonstrate a simple and low-cost method for modifying porous PLGA microspheres with poly-l-lysine (PLL) to promote cell growth on the microspheres. Porous PLGA microspheres were first treated by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution to introduce carboxyl groups on their surface. Then, the hydrolyzed microspheres (PLGA-H) were immerged in PLL solution to yield PLL-impregnated microspheres (PLGA-PLL)...
October 17, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Rong Peng, Qijiayu Wu, Jingling Chen, Raja Ghosh, Xiaonong Chen
Ellagic acid, a natural polyphenol, was isolated from pomegranate peel extract by hydrophobic interaction using graphene oxide grafted cotton fiber as a stationary adsorbent. The grafted graphene oxide moieties served as hydrophobic interaction binding sites for ellagic acid adsorption. The graphene oxide grafted cotton fiber was made into a membrane-like sheet in order to complete ellagic acid purification by using a binding-elution mode. The effects of operational parameters, such as the composition of the binding buffer/elution buffer, buffer pH and buffer concentration, on the isolation process were investigated...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
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