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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548874/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-2-eligibility-determination-and-the-individualized-education-program
#1
Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine Falusi Yonkaitis
This is the second of two articles outlining the professional school nurse's role in the special education process for students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act of 2004 mandates the special education process: identification, full and individual evaluation, eligibility determination, and development of the individual education program (IEP), including special education placement. Part 1 focused on the importance of the school nurse's role in student identification, response to intervention, and the full and individual evaluation...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540127/learning-curves-for-minimally-invasive-spine-surgeries-are-they-worth-it
#2
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) spine procedures were developed to limit operative time, the extent of dissection, and reduce perioperative morbidity. Here, we asked what are the "learning curves" for these MIS spine procedures? METHODS: We reviewed studies in the literature that discussed the "learning curves" attributed to performing different MIS spine surgical procedures. Of interest, the majority were single-surgeon series. RESULTS: Very few articles assessed the learning curves for different MIS spine procedures...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528992/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-fellowship-match-outcomes-2000-2015
#3
Gad Dotan, Daniel J Karr, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To analyze trends in US pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus (PO&S) Match over the last 16 years. MethodsWe reviewed the PO&S Match outcomes from 2000 to 2015, evaluating the number of participating programs, positions offered, and match rate, comparing it with other subspecialties, and analyzing results of US graduates versus international medical graduates (IMGs). A survey of PO&S program directors explored exposure to PO&S, policies on acceptance of IMGs, fellowship gross salary, job opportunities, and fellow placement after training...
May 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518181/a-semi-automatic-algorithm-for-preliminary-assessment-of-labial-gingiva-and-alveolar-bone-thickness-of-maxillary-anterior-teeth
#4
Sheng-Hung Chen, Hsun-Liang Chan, Yongning Lu, Sim-Heng Ong, Hom-Lay Wang, Eng Hong Ko, Po-Chun Chang
PURPOSE: Soft and hard tissue volumes are critical for implant placement and long-term stability. Although the literature has adequately addressed tissue biotypes of Western populations, pertinent information about Asian populations is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the soft and hard tissue profiles of the maxillary anterior teeth of the Taiwanese population using a semi-automatic algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography images of 11 adults with well-aligned maxillary anterior teeth were overlaid with those of cast models, based on the tooth crowns manually outlined by two independent observers...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511051/a-one-year-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-peer-support-services-in-a-non-western-context-the-perspectives-of-peer-support-workers-service-users-and-co-workers
#5
Samson Tse, Winnie W S Mak, Iris W K Lo, Lucia L Liu, Winnie W Y Yuen, Sania Yau, Kimmy Ho, Sau-Kam Chan, Stephen Wong
This study explored the changing views of key stakeholders (peer support workers, their co-workers, and service users) about peer support services in a non-Western community, using a longitudinal qualitative approach. Five trainee peer support workers (PSWs), 15 service users, and 14 co-workers were interviewed over a 12-month period, under the auspices of the Peer Support Workers Project (also known as the Mindset project) in Hong Kong. A total of 77 interviews were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted across the participant groups at three different time points (training, work placements, and employment)...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503675/costs-of-a-staff-communication-intervention-to-reduce-dementia-behaviors-in-nursing-home-care
#6
Kristine N Williams, Padmaja Ayyagari, Yelena Perkhounkova, Marjorie J Bott, Ruth Herman, Ann Bossen
CONTEXT: Persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias experience behavioral symptoms that frequently result in nursing home (NH) placement. Managing behavioral symptoms in the NH increases staff time required to complete care, and adds to staff stress and turnover, with estimated cost increases of 30%. The Changing Talk to Reduce Resistivenes to Dementia Care (CHAT) study found that an intervention that improved staff communication by reducing elderspeak led to reduced behavioral symptoms of dementia or resistiveness to care (RTC)...
2017: Journal of Nursing Home Research Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501609/return-on-investment-from-fuel-treatments-to-reduce-severe-wildfire-and-erosion-in-a-watershed-investment-program-in-colorado
#7
Kelly W Jones, Jeffery B Cannon, Freddy A Saavedra, Stephanie K Kampf, Robert N Addington, Antony S Cheng, Lee H MacDonald, Codie Wilson, Brett Wolk
A small but growing number of watershed investment programs in the western United States focus on wildfire risk reduction to municipal water supplies. This paper used return on investment (ROI) analysis to quantify how the amounts and placement of fuel treatment interventions would reduce sediment loading to the Strontia Springs Reservoir in the Upper South Platte River watershed southwest of Denver, Colorado following an extreme fire event. We simulated various extents of fuel mitigation activities under two placement strategies: (a) a strategic treatment prioritization map and (b) accessibility...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500461/predicting-success-in-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage
#8
Ankaj Khosla, Yin Xi, Seth Toomay
PURPOSE: To develop a model to predict successful bilirubin decrease following percutaneous biliary drain placement. METHODS: A total of 257 patients who were identified having undergone percutaneous transhepatic biliary drain placement (PTBD) at our institution between 2002 and 2013 had their medical records and imaging reviewed. Of those, 190 of these patients met criteria and were used in the analysis. A regression model was performed on logarithm-transformed collected variables to predict post-drainage logarithmic transformed total bilirubin levels...
May 12, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495204/intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-closer-look-at-level-1-trauma-centers-in-the-united-states
#9
Piccinini Alice, Lewis Meghan, Benjamin Elizabeth, Aiolfi Alberto, Inaba Kenji, Demetriades Demetrios
INTRODUCTION: The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) recently updated recommendations for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The effect of ICP monitoring on outcomes is controversial, and compliance with BTF guidelines is variable. The purpose of this study was to assess both compliance and outcomes at level I trauma centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all patients admitted to level I trauma centers with isolated blunt severe TBI (AIS>3, GCS<9) who met criteria for ICP monitoring...
April 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490835/from-non-preemptive-to-preemptive-scheduling-using-synchronization-synthesis
#10
Pavol Černý, Edmund M Clarke, Thomas A Henzinger, Arjun Radhakrishna, Leonid Ryzhyk, Roopsha Samanta, Thorsten Tarrach
We present a computer-aided programming approach to concurrency. The approach allows programmers to program assuming a friendly, non-preemptive scheduler, and our synthesis procedure inserts synchronization to ensure that the final program works even with a preemptive scheduler. The correctness specification is implicit, inferred from the non-preemptive behavior. Let us consider sequences of calls that the program makes to an external interface. The specification requires that any such sequence produced under a preemptive scheduler should be included in the set of sequences produced under a non-preemptive scheduler...
2017: Formal Methods in System Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488991/geriatric-hip-fracture-care-fixing-a-fragmented-system
#11
Mary E Anderson, Kelly Mcdevitt, Ethan Cumbler, Heather Bennett, Zachary Robison, Bryan Gomez, Jason W Stoneback
CONTEXT: Fragmentation in geriatric hip fracture care is a growing concern because of the aging population. Patients with hip fractures at our institution historically were admitted to multiple different services and units, leading to unnecessary variation in inpatient care. Such inconsistency contributed to delays in surgery, discharge, and functional recovery; hospital-acquired complications; failure to adhere to best practices in osteoporosis management; and poor coordination with outpatient practitioners...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488948/the-effectiveness-of-augmented-versus-standard-individual-placement-and-support-programs-in-terms-of-employment-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Carolyn S Dewa, Desmond Loong, Lucy Trojanowski, Sarah Bonato
BACKGROUND: The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) program is a well-studied vocational rehabilitation program. Although it is more effective than usual care, it is not effective for everyone. This offers an opportunity for program improvement. AIMS: This systematic literature review examines the state of knowledge regarding the effectiveness of augmented versus standard IPS for people with severe mental illness (SMI). We address the questions, "What IPS augmentations have been tested?" and "What is the evidence for the effectiveness of augmented IPS versus standard IPS in terms of employment?" METHODS: This systematic literature review used publically available peer-reviewed studies published between January 2002 and January 2016 in either: (1) Medline Current, (2) Medline In-process, (3) PsycINFO, (4) Econlit or (5) Web of Science...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484359/evaluation-of-congenital-heart-defects-treatment-options-establishment-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiosurgery-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#13
REVIEW
Zijo Begic, Sanko Pandur, Edo Omerbasic, Almira Kadic, Mirza Halimic
INTRODUCTION: Modern pediatric cardiology mainly deals with congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomalies. In most cases CHD requires surgical or interventional treatment. GOAL: The goal of the research was to evaluate CHD treatment at Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center (UCC) Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). UCC Sarajevo is the only institution in B&H where cardiac treatment of CHD in pediatric population is performed. Pediatric cardiosurgery has started to develop in Bosnia and Herzegovina in April 1997...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481598/predictors-of-homeless-services-re-entry-within-a-sample-of-adults-receiving-homelessness-prevention-and-rapid-re-housing-program-hprp-assistance
#14
Molly Brown, Danielle Vaclavik, Dennis P Watson, Eric Wilka
Local and national evaluations of the federal Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program (HPRP) have demonstrated a high rate of placement of program participants in permanent housing. However, there is a paucity of research on the long-term outcomes of HPRP, and research on rehousing and prevention interventions for single adults experiencing homelessness is particularly limited. Using Homeless Management Information System data from 2009 to 2015, this study examined risk of return to homeless services among 370 permanently housed and 71 nonpermanently housed single adult HPRP participants in Indianapolis, Indiana...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480533/pair-scanning-integrating-the-student-sonographer-without-impacting-patient-care
#15
Marcia A Docherty, Kathleen E Foran, Susan Burnett-Roy, Samantha May
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound departments in Canada frequently reduce patient bookings to support student training, which impacts not only patient care but also revenue generation. Therefore, physicians and employers are reluctant to host student sonographers, and educational programs struggle to find sufficient clinical placements for their students. Two research questions were investigated: (1) Can a pair scanning technique effectively integrate the student sonographer into the workplace without impacting patient volumes? (2) Does the pair scanning technique prepare the student sonographer for entry-level practice faster than traditional practice? METHODS: This research project was divided into 2 phases...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480109/deep-brain-stimulation-with-a-pre-existing-cochlear-implant-surgical-technique-and-outcome
#16
Daniel Eddelman, Joshua Wewel, R Mark Wiet, Leo V Metman, Sepehr Sani
BACKGROUND: Patients with previously implanted cranial devices pose a special challenge in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. We report the implantation of bilateral DBS leads in a patient with a cochlear implant. Technical nuances and long-term interdevice functionality are presented. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 70-year-old patient with advancing Parkinson's disease and a previously placed cochlear implant for sensorineural hearing loss was referred for placement of bilateral DBS in the subthalamic nucleus (STN)...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476170/provision-versus-promotion-to-develop-a-handwashing-station-the-effect-on-desired-handwashing-behavior
#17
Debashish Biswas, Fosiul Alam Nizame, Tina Sanghvi, Sumitro Roy, Stephen P Luby, Leanne E Unicomb
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea prevalence increases from around the time that complementary foods are introduced. Improving caregiver's hand hygiene during food preparation could reduce complementary food contamination and enteric pathogen transmission. Washing hands with soap is more common when water and soap are together at a convenient location. We conducted a three-month pilot intervention to evaluate two options for setting up handwashing stations: i) provide a handwashing station, or ii) help the family to make their own from available materials...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471440/accuracy-of-the-nasal-tragus-length-measurement-for-correct-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-a-cohort-of-neonatal-resuscitation-simulators
#18
M M Gray, H Delaney, R Umoren, T P Strandjord, T Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: Nasal-tragus length (NTL) estimates of endotracheal tube (ETT) depth are replacing weight-based estimates for endotracheal tube depth in neonates requiring endotracheal intubation. Existing neonatal simulators were designed before interest in using the NTL, and may lack fidelity in this measurement. The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of the adjusted NTL formula and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) gestational age/weight-based ETT depth chart in predicting proper endotracheal tube insertion depth in a cohort of neonatal simulators...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467231/smoking-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-foster-care-a-gender-based-analysis
#19
Svetlana Shpiegel, Steve Sussman, Scott E Sherman, Omar El Shahawy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescents in foster care are at high risk for cigarette smoking. However, it is not clear how their smoking behaviors vary by gender. The present study examined lifetime and current smoking among males and females, and explored gender-specific risk factors for engagement in smoking behaviors. METHOD: Data from the Multi Site Evaluation of Foster Youth Programs was used to evaluate patterns of smoking among adolescents aged 12-18 years (N = 1121; 489 males, 632 females)...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464296/is-it-possible-to-enhance-the-confidence-of-student-dietitians-prior-to-professional-placements-a-design-based-research-model
#20
L J Ross, L J Mitchell, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Student confidence is an important contributor to a successful professional placement experience. The present study aimed to evaluate a placement preparation program for student dietitians and to assess the impact on self-rated confidence with respect to commencing placements. METHODS: The present study is part of a design-based research approach that involves students in a cyclic enquiry to evaluate and improve curricula. Nutrition and Dietetics students at an Australian university participated in a 1-week mandatory workshop - Pre-Placement week (PrePW), N = 98 students: in 2015 (n = 54) and 2016 (n = 44)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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