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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#1
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#2
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617908/validation-of-single-c-arm-biplane-fluoroscopy-system-for-in-vivo-measurement-of-porcine-abdominal-strains
#3
Lindsey G Kahan, Charlotte Guertler, Jeffrey A Blatnik, Spencer P Lake
Hernia meshes significantly reduce recurrence rates in hernia repair. It's known that they affect the abdominal wall post-implantation, yet the understanding of in vivo mechanics in the mesh placement area is lacking. We established a single c-arm biplane fluoroscopic system to study strains at the interface between the mesh and repaired abdominal tissues. We aimed to validate this system for future porcine hernia repair studies. Custom MATLAB programs were written to correct for pincushion distortion, and direct linear transformation reconstructed objects in 3D...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616642/-identification-of-common-locations-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-a%C3%A2-german-metropolis
#4
C Hanefeld, F Rosbund, A Kloppe, C Kloppe
BACKGROUND: Most patients who suffer a sudden cardiac arrest initially have a shockable rhythm. Fast defibrillation and correctly performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are key factors for patient survival. These can be carried out by bystanders if an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available even in the absence of emergency services. AIM: The place and time of CPRs in a German city were investigated and the strategic placement of emergency medical services and AEDs necessary were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611556/therapeutic-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound-based-on-rare-cases-in-indonesia-a-single-center-experience-in-unselected-patients
#5
Cosmas Rinaldi A Lesmana, Rino A Gani, Irsan Hasan, Andri Sanityoso Sulaiman, Laurentius A Lesmana
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is still not widely available and has a barrier in most Southeast Asian countries due to lack of training program, high cost, and hospital investment. In this study, we would like to show the impact of therapeutic interventional EUS procedures in gastroenterology practice in Indonesia, which represents the biggest Southeast Asian country. METHODS: Patients who underwent interventional EUS procedure in Medistra Hospital were prospectively recruited within 1 year...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605275/exploring-social-work-student-education-the-effect-of-a-harm-reduction-curriculum-on-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-opioid-use-disorders
#6
Anthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, M Taqi Tirmazi, Sapphire Goodman, Tracy Cudjoe
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the degree to which a harm reduction intervention course module impacted MSW students' knowledge and attitudes towards addressing opioid use disorder issues and clients. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, data from 124 MSW students was collected between 2011 and 2015. Students completed a 3 hour-course module that focused on harm reduction (HR) philosophy and interventions specifically for opioid use disorders. Students completed pre and posttest of the Harm Reduction Attitude Scale...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583383/investing-in-children-the-best-way-to-prevent-separation-from-parents-and-families
#7
Maria Herczog
The reliable and disaggregated data on children deprived of family care, living in different forms of public care is essential information to implement the UN Guidelines on Alternative Care of Children and its principle on necessity and suitability. At the same time all needed information and data would also be needed on all forms of support, universal, targeted and specialized services provided or not provided to children and their families locally to prevent separation of children, on different forms of informal care...
June 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583131/association-between-store-food-environment-and-customer-purchases-in-small-grocery-stores-gas-marts-pharmacies-and-dollar-stores
#8
Caitlin E Caspi, Kathleen Lenk, Jennifer E Pelletier, Timothy L Barnes, Lisa Harnack, Darin J Erickson, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: Purchases at small/non-traditional food stores tend to have poor nutritional quality, and have been associated with poor health outcomes, including increased obesity risk The purpose of this study was to examine whether customers who shop at small/non-traditional food stores with more health promoting features make healthier purchases. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data collectors assessed store features in a sample of 99 small and non-traditional food stores not participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Minneapolis/St...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575706/the-impact-of-undergraduate-clinical-teaching-models-on-the-perceptions-of-work-readiness-among-new-graduate-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Emma E B Patterson, Leanne Boyd, George Mnatzaganian
BACKGROUND: Clinical Placements are an essential component of bridging the gap between academic theory and nursing practice. There are multiple clinical models designed to ease the transition from student to professional, yet there has been little exploration of such models and their impact on graduates' perceptions of work-readiness. OBJECTIVES: This cross sectional study examined perceptions of work-readiness of new graduate nurses who attended one of the following clinical teaching models: the University Fellowship Program (UFP), the Traditional Multi-facility Clinical Model (TMCPM), and the Mixed Program (MP)...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574192/feasibility-study-of-ultrasound-imaging-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-with-active-breathing-coordinator-in-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Lin Su, Iulian Iordachita, Yin Zhang, Junghoon Lee, Sook Kien Ng, Juan Jackson, Ted Hooker, John Wong, Joseph M Herman, H Tutkun Sen, Peter Kazanzides, Muyinatu A Lediju Bell, Chen Yang, Kai Ding
PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) allows for high radiation doses to be delivered to the pancreatic tumors with limited toxicity. Nevertheless, the respiratory motion of the pancreas introduces major uncertainty during SBRT. Ultrasound imaging is a non-ionizing, non-invasive, and real-time technique for intrafraction monitoring. A configuration is not available to place the ultrasound probe during pancreas SBRT for monitoring. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An arm-bridge system was designed and built...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573894/interpersonal-social-responsibility-model-of-service-learning-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Orit Lahav, Noa Daniely, Shira Yalon-Chamovitz
BACKGROUND: Service-learning (SL) is commonly used in Occupational Therapy (OT) programs worldwide as a community placement educational strategy. However, most SL models are not clearly defined in terms of both methodology and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study explores a structured model of Service-Learning (Interpersonal Social Responsibility-Service Learning: ISR-SL) aimed towards the development of professional identity among OT students...
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570945/the-impact-of-short-term-clinical-placement-in-a-developing-country-on-nursing-students-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#12
Ingeborg Ulvund, Elin Mordal
BACKGROUND: Offering nursing students' international clinical placement during the educational program is one response to meet the need of cultural competence among nurses. This paper provides insight into the impact of clinical placement, in a developing country, on third year nursing students. In the study we investigated how short term international clinical placement impacted Norwegian nursing students' development of cultural competency. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study we utilised a qualitative descriptive design and used individual interviews with eighteen Norwegian nursing students who had all participated in an international clinical placement...
August 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561864/longitudinal-tracking-of-workplace-outcomes-for-undergraduate-allied-health-students-undertaking-placements-in-rural-australia
#13
Leanne Brown, Tony Smith, Luke Wakely, Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Julie Burrows
Creating positive experiences in rural practice at the undergraduate level can influence allied health students' attitudes to working rurally. This study aimed to evaluate allied health students' experiences of their short-term, medium-term, or long-term rural placement and to follow their career outcomes. METHODS: The study used a mixed-methods design that utilised qualitative and quantitative data. Students from six allied health degree programs undertaking placements in Tamworth and Taree were invited to participate...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552169/large-single-center-databases-and-the-evolution-of-endovascular-therapy-for-complex-aortic-aneurysms
#14
Matthew J Eagleton, Behzad Farivar, Agenor Dias
BACKGROUND: Fenestrated and branched endograft repair of complex aortic disease has revolutionized the approach to treatment of this life-threatening problem. Several sites have developed long-standing programs evaluating the application and outcomes of this technology. These reports are based on the development of large, single-center databases. These centers have helped to pioneer the evolution of this approach, and their assessments have led to significant improvements and identified areas that require improvement in the ensuing years...
May 25, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548874/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-2-eligibility-determination-and-the-individualized-education-program
#15
Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine Falusi Yonkaitis
This is the second of two articles outlining the professional school nurse's role in the special education process for students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act of 2004 mandates the special education process: identification, full and individual evaluation, eligibility determination, and development of the individual education program (IEP), including special education placement. Part 1 focused on the importance of the school nurse's role in student identification, response to intervention, and the full and individual evaluation...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540127/learning-curves-for-minimally-invasive-spine-surgeries-are-they-worth-it
#16
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) spine procedures were developed to limit operative time, the extent of dissection, and reduce perioperative morbidity. Here, we asked what are the "learning curves" for these MIS spine procedures? METHODS: We reviewed studies in the literature that discussed the "learning curves" attributed to performing different MIS spine surgical procedures. Of interest, the majority were single-surgeon series. RESULTS: Very few articles assessed the learning curves for different MIS spine procedures...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528992/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-fellowship-match-outcomes-2000-2015
#17
Gad Dotan, Daniel J Karr, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To analyze trends in US pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus (PO&S) Match over the last 16 years. METHODS: We reviewed the PO&S Match outcomes from 2000 to 2015, evaluating the number of participating programs, positions offered, and match rate, comparing it with other subspecialties, and analyzing results of US graduates versus international medical graduates (IMGs). A survey of PO&S program directors explored exposure to PO&S, policies on acceptance of IMGs, fellowship gross salary, job opportunities, and fellow placement after training...
May 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518181/a-semi-automatic-algorithm-for-preliminary-assessment-of-labial-gingiva-and-alveolar-bone-thickness-of-maxillary-anterior-teeth
#18
Sheng-Hung Chen, Hsun-Liang Chan, Yongning Lu, Sim-Heng Ong, Hom-Lay Wang, Eng Hong Ko, Po-Chun Chang
PURPOSE: Soft and hard tissue volumes are critical for implant placement and long-term stability. Although the literature has adequately addressed tissue biotypes of Western populations, pertinent information about Asian populations is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the soft and hard tissue profiles of the maxillary anterior teeth of the Taiwanese population using a semi-automatic algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography images of 11 adults with well-aligned maxillary anterior teeth were overlaid with those of cast models, based on the tooth crowns manually outlined by two independent observers...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511051/a-one-year-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-peer-support-services-in-a-non-western-context-the-perspectives-of-peer-support-workers-service-users-and-co-workers
#19
Samson Tse, Winnie W S Mak, Iris W K Lo, Lucia L Liu, Winnie W Y Yuen, Sania Yau, Kimmy Ho, Sau-Kam Chan, Stephen Wong
This study explored the changing views of key stakeholders (peer support workers, their co-workers, and service users) about peer support services in a non-Western community, using a longitudinal qualitative approach. Five trainee peer support workers (PSWs), 15 service users, and 14 co-workers were interviewed over a 12-month period, under the auspices of the Peer Support Workers Project (also known as the Mindset project) in Hong Kong. A total of 77 interviews were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted across the participant groups at three different time points (training, work placements, and employment)...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503675/costs-of-a-staff-communication-intervention-to-reduce-dementia-behaviors-in-nursing-home-care
#20
Kristine N Williams, Padmaja Ayyagari, Yelena Perkhounkova, Marjorie J Bott, Ruth Herman, Ann Bossen
CONTEXT: Persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias experience behavioral symptoms that frequently result in nursing home (NH) placement. Managing behavioral symptoms in the NH increases staff time required to complete care, and adds to staff stress and turnover, with estimated cost increases of 30%. The Changing Talk to Reduce Resistivenes to Dementia Care (CHAT) study found that an intervention that improved staff communication by reducing elderspeak led to reduced behavioral symptoms of dementia or resistiveness to care (RTC)...
2017: Journal of Nursing Home Research Sciences
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