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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346226/preparing-physiotherapy-students-for-clinical-placement-student-perceptions-of-low-cost-peer-simulation-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Narelle Dalwood, Stephen Maloney, Narelle Cox, Prue Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in health care education, yet the organizational and financial costs can be prohibitive. This study aimed to investigate whether peer simulation is perceived by third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students as valuable for clinical placement preparation. METHODS: Third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students participated in a 9-week peer simulation program, using each other as patients, and were invited to complete two surveys evaluating perceptions of the program...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345478/racial-ethnic-differences-of-justice-involved-youth-in-substance-related-problems-and-services-received
#2
Leanne L Heaton
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placement across 36 states representing 5 program types. Descriptive analyses and regression modeling techniques were used to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, substance problems, and substance services. Results show that more than 2/3 report a history of at least 1 substance-related problem...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340810/ureteral-stents-increase-risk-of-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-following-colorectal-surgery
#3
Taryn E Hassinger, J Hunter Mehaffey, Matthew G Mullen, Alex D Michaels, Nathan R Elwood, Shoshana T Levi, Traci L Hedrick, Charles M Friel
BACKGROUND: Ureteral stents are commonly placed before colorectal resection to assist in identification of ureters and prevent injury. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common cause of morbidity and increased cost following colorectal surgery. Although previously associated with reflex anuria, prophylactic stents have not been found to increase AKI. We sought to determine the impact of ureteral stents on the incidence of AKI following colorectal surgery. METHODS: All patients undergoing colon or rectal resection at a single institution between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed using American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336064/home-hemodialysis-education-during-postdoctoral-training-challenges-and-innovations
#4
Joel D Glickman, Rebecca Kurnik Seshasai
Inadequate education in home hemodialysis (HHD) fellowship training might contribute to underutilization of this modality in the United States. Most graduates of nephrology fellowships do not grade themselves as competent in HHD suggesting that fellowship training in HHD is inadequate. An essential component for fellow education is at least one faculty member with expertise in HHD who is passionate about promoting the use of this modality. At a minimum, fellow training should utilize a curriculum that includes both lectures about HHD and outpatient clinical exposure to this modality over a period of at least 6-12 months...
January 15, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334878/the-use-of-standardized-discharge-in-ips-supported-employment-programs
#5
Justin Metcalfe, Robert E Drake, Gary Bond
OBJECTIVE: Some researchers have argued for using standardized discharge rules in individual placement and support (IPS) based on time of unemployment. To evaluate potential adverse outcomes of these rules, the authors examined time to first job over 24 months in a large randomized controlled study. METHODS: This secondary analysis of 2,055 participants in the Mental Health Treatment Study, using bootstrapping and survival analysis, estimated and compared the likelihood of finding a first job in the IPS and control groups during each quarter over 24 months...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#6
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327120/readmission-and-reoperation-after-midurethral-sling
#7
Erik D Hokenstad, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, John A Occhino
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to determine the rate of readmission and reoperation for patients undergoing midurethral sling (MUS) placement for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was queried to identify all isolated MUS placed from 2012 through 2015 using the Current Procedural Terminology 4 (CPT-4) code for MUS with or without cystoscopy (57,288 ± 52,000)...
January 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325638/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in%C3%A2-children-and-adolescents-with-brugada%C3%A2-syndrome
#8
M Cecilia Gonzalez Corcia, Juan Sieira, Gudrun Pappaert, Carlo de Asmundis, Gian Battista Chierchia, Mark La Meir, Andrea Sarkozy, Pedro Brugada
BACKGROUND: Young patients presenting with symptomatic Brugada syndrome have very high risks for ventricular arrhythmias and should be carefully considered for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement. However, this therapy is associated with high rates of inappropriate shocks and device-related complications. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated clinical features, management, and long-term follow-up of young patients with Brugada syndrome and ICD. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with Brugada syndrome, who underwent implantation of an ICD at an age of ≤20 years, were studied...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319661/observed-length-increases-of-magnetically-controlled-growing-rods-are-lower-than-programmed
#9
Sarah E Gilday, Mark S Schwartz, Donita I Bylski-Austrow, David L Glos, Lindsay Schultz, Sara O'Hara, Viral V Jain, Peter F Sturm
BACKGROUND: Magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGRs) are increasingly used in the treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS). Few studies have reported whether desired lengthening can reliably be achieved, or if prior spine instrumentation and large tissue depths affect lengthening. In this clinical study of EOS patients, it was hypothesized that increases in rod length would equal programmed increases, patients with prior spine instrumentation would lengthen less than patients without prior surgery, and larger tissue depths would decrease lengthening success...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316203/offer-acceptance-practices-and-geographic-variability-in-allocation-meld-at-transplant
#10
Andrew Wey, Joshua Pyke, David P Schladt, Sommer E Gentry, Tim Weaver, Nicholas Salkowski, Bertram L Kasiske, Ajay K Israni, Jon J Snyder
Offer acceptance practices may cause geographic variability in allocation model for end-stage liver disease score (aMELD) at transplant and could magnify the effect of donor supply and demand on aMELD variability. To evaluate these issues, offer acceptance practices of liver transplant programs and donation service areas (DSAs) were estimated using offers of livers from donors recovered between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016. Offer acceptance practices were compared with liver yield, local placement of transplanted livers, donor supply and demand, and aMELD at transplant...
January 9, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314241/dialysis-access-procedure-training-for-the-nephrologist
#11
Sana Waheed, Laura Maursetter, Alexander Yevzlin
Historically, the placement and maintenance of dialysis access has been an integral part of nephrology training. However, in recent years, a big debate has ensued regarding whether this should be limited to trainees' understanding and counseling the patients regarding indications, alternatives, risks and possible complications of these procedures or should it actually involve more of a hands-on experience for the trainees. Some of the barriers in making these procedures a requirement across the board are the lack of standardization of procedural training across various training programs and the absence of consensus on what achieving competency in these procedures looks like...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305766/a-novel-lips-assay-for-insulin-autoantibodies
#12
Daniela Liberati, Rebecca C Wyatt, Cristina Brigatti, Ilaria Marzinotto, Maurizio Ferrari, Elena Bazzigaluppi, Emanuele Bosi, Ben T Gillard, Kathleen M Gillespie, Frans Gorus, Ilse Weets, Eric Balti, Lorenzo Piemonti, Peter Achenbach, Alistair J K Williams, Vito Lampasona
AIMS: Insulin autoantibodies (IAA) are often the first marker of autoimmunity detected in children in the preclinical phase of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Currently, the vast majority of laboratories adopt the radiobinding micro-assay (RBA) for measuring IAA. Our aim was to replace RBA with a novel non-radioactive IAA Luciferase Immuno Precipitation System (LIPS) assay with improved performance. METHODS: We developed (pro)insulin antigens with alternative placements of a NanoLuc™ luciferase reporter (NLuc)...
January 5, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302088/measuring-up-defining-the-quality-of-pharmd-programs
#13
T Joseph Mattingly, Frank Romanelli, Jeff Cain, Lauren S Schlesselman
Objective. To define quality and associated metrics related to Doctor of Pharmacy degree programs. Methods. A three round Delphi process and online survey tool were employed to constitute and query an expert panel of randomly selected pharmacy deans representing a proportional share of public and private schools. Participants were asked about measures used to evaluate the quality of their schools; agreement was assessed for each quality category and metric identified; rankings were reported in order of importance...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300703/do-high-fidelity-wraparound-services-for-youth-with-serious-emotional-disturbances-save-money-in-the-long-term
#14
Angela Snyder, James Marton, Susan McLaren, Bo Feng, Mei Zhou
BACKGROUND: Treating youth with serious emotional disturbances (SED) is expensive often requiring institutional care. A significant amount of recent federal and state funding has been dedicated to expanding home and community-based services for these youth as an alternative to institutional care. High Fidelity Wraparound (Wrap) is an evolving, evidence-informed practice to help sustain community-based placements for youth with an SED through the use of intensive, customized care coordination among parents, multiple child-serving agencies, and providers...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297594/the-impact-of-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-interpersonal-skills-on-their-practice-education-performance-a-pilot-study
#15
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Carolynne White, Celia Marston, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Interpersonal skills such as active listening, verbal communication and body language are essential competencies for occupational therapists, and students are expected to demonstrate these skills when completing practice placements. To investigate whether interpersonal skills are predictive of occupational therapy students' practice performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving third and fourth year occupational therapy undergraduate students (n = 70)...
January 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#16
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290432/is-the-profitability-of-canadian-tiestall-farms-associated-with-their-performance-on-an-animal-welfare-assessment
#17
M Villettaz Robichaud, J Rushen, A M de Passillé, E Vasseur, D B Haley, D Pellerin
In order for dairy producers to comply with animal welfare recommendations, financial investments may be required. In Canada, a new dairy animal care assessment program is currently being implemented under the proAction Initiative to determine the extent to which certain aspects of the Code of Practice are being followed and to assess the care and well-being of dairy cattle on farm. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between meeting the proAction animal-based and the electric trainer placement criteria and certain aspects of productivity and profitability on tiestall dairy farms...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290273/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-program-on-pain-and-fear-in-school-aged-children-undergoing-intravenous-placement
#18
Yi-Chuan Hsieh, Su-Fen Cheng, Pei-Kwei Tsay, Wen-Jen Su, Yen-Hua Cho, Chi-Wen Chen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of cognitive-behavioral program on pain and medical fear in hospitalized school-aged children receiving intravenous (IV) placement. METHODS: This study used an quasi-experimental design. Thirty-five participants were assigned to the experimental group and 33 to the control group in the acute internal medicine ward of a children's hospital. The cognitive-behavioral program entailed having the patients read an educational photo book about IV placement before the procedure and having them watch their favorite music video during the procedure...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288896/achieving-universal-coverage-understanding-barriers-to-rural-placement-for-final-year-midwifery-students
#19
Jody R Lori, Cheryl A Moyer, Veronica Dzomeku, Emmanuel Kweku Nakua, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Sarah Rominski
OBJECTIVE: the objective of this study is to understand the barriers final year midwifery students face when deciding to practice in a rural, deprived area. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study design using a computer based structured survey. SETTING: 15 of the 16 publicly funded midwifery colleges across all ten regions in Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: a national sample of final-year midwifery students from publically funded midwifery colleges in Ghana...
December 15, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282575/factors-influencing-discharge-disposition-after-colectomy
#20
Ahmed M Al-Mazrou, Codruta Chiuzan, Ravi P Kiran
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with discharge destination after colectomy despite accounting for surgical morbidity have not previously been well characterized. This study aims to evaluate perioperative predictors for extended care after complicated and uncomplicated colectomy. METHODS: Patients admitted from home for elective colectomy were identified from the American College of Surgeons, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, 2012-2013 general and colectomy-targeted datasets...
December 27, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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