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Stroke reperfusion injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900597/l-pgds-mediates-vagus-nerve-stimulation-induced-neuroprotection-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemic-stroke-by-suppressing-the-apoptotic-response
#1
Lina Zhang, Jingxi Ma, Xinhao Jin, Gongwei Jia, Ying Jiang, Changqing Li
The role of lipocalin prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-PGDS) in brain ischemia has not been fully clarified to date. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) protects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the mechanisms involved need further exploration. This study investigated the role of L-PGDS in cerebral I/R and whether this process was involved in the mechanism of VNS-mediated neuroprotection. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with a lentiviral vector (LV) through intracerebroventricular injection, followed by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and VNS treatment...
November 29, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898011/update-on-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-treatments-in-ischemic-stroke
#2
REVIEW
Aldo Bonaventura, Luca Liberale, Alessandra Vecchié, Matteo Casula, Federico Carbone, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco
After an acute ischemic stroke (AIS), inflammatory processes are able to concomitantly induce both beneficial and detrimental effects. In this narrative review, we updated evidence on the inflammatory pathways and mediators that are investigated as promising therapeutic targets. We searched for papers on PubMed and MEDLINE up to August 2016. The terms searched alone or in combination were: ischemic stroke, inflammation, oxidative stress, ischemia reperfusion, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, autoimmunity...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895105/robot-assisted-mechanical-therapy-attenuates-stroke-induced-limb-skeletal-muscle-injury
#3
Chandan K Sen, Savita Khanna, Hallie Harris, Richard Stewart, Maria Balch, Mallory Heigel, Seth Teplitsky, Surya Gnyawali, Cameron Rink
The efficacy and optimization of poststroke physical therapy paradigms is challenged in part by a lack of objective tools available to researchers for systematic preclinical testing. This work represents a maiden effort to develop a robot-assisted mechanical therapy (RAMT) device to objectively address the significance of mechanical physiotherapy on poststroke outcomes. Wistar rats were subjected to right hemisphere middle-cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. After 24 h, rats were split into control (RAMT(-)) or RAMT(+) groups (30 min daily RAMT over the stroke-affected gastrocnemius) and were followed up to poststroke d 14...
November 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894149/2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-brain-injury-in-rats-by-promoting-angiogenesis
#4
Ying Mu, Zhaohui Xu, Xuanxuan Zhou, Huinan Zhang, Qian Yang, Yunlong Zhang, Yanhua Xie, Juan Kang, Feng Li, Siwang Wang
Cerebral ischemia can cause brain infarcts, which are difficult to recover due to poor angiogenesis. 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside is a natural polyphenol, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, and can protect from ischemic neuronal injury. However, little is known about the effect of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside on brain microcirculation after stroke. This study aimed at investigating the influence of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside on brain lesions and angiogenesis after stroke...
November 28, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882949/sumo-specific-protease-1-protects-neurons-from-apoptotic-death-during-transient-brain-ischemia-reperfusion
#5
Huijun Zhang, Yan Wang, Aoxue Zhu, Dehua Huang, Shining Deng, Jinke Cheng, Michael X Zhu, Yong Li
SUMO-specific protease 1 (SENP1) deconjugates SUMO from modified proteins. Although post-ischemic activation of SUMO conjugation was suggested to be neuroprotective against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, the function of SENP1 in this process remained unclear. Here we show that transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice followed by 6, 12 and 24 h reperfusion significantly enhanced SENP1 levels in the affected brain area, independent of transcription. Consistent with the increase in SENP1, the levels of SUMO1-conjugated proteins were decreased by I/R in cortical neurons of control littermate mice, but unchanged in that of animals with conditional ablation of SENP1 gene from adult principal neurons, the SENP1(flox/flox):CamKIIα-Cre (SENP1 cKO) mice...
November 24, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864466/thiamet-g-mediates-neuroprotection-in-experimental-stroke-by-modulating-microglia-macrophage-polarization-and-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-signaling
#6
Yating He, Xiaofeng Ma, Daojing Li, Junwei Hao
Inflammatory responses are accountable for secondary injury induced by acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Previous studies indicated that O-GlcNAc modification (O-GlcNAcylation) is involved in the pathology of AIS, and increase of O-GlcNAcylation by glucosamine attenuated the brain damage after ischemia/reperfusion. Inhibition of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (OGA) with thiamet G (TMG) is an alternative option for accumulating O-GlcNAcylated proteins. In this study, we investigate the neuroprotective effect of TMG in a mouse model of experimental stroke...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861531/macrophage-derived-angiopoietin-like-protein-2-exacerbates-brain-damage-by-accelerating-acute-inflammation-after-ischemia-reperfusion
#7
Toshihiro Amadatsu, Jun Morinaga, Takayuki Kawano, Kazutoyo Terada, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Keishi Miyata, Motoyoshi Endo, Daiki Kasamo, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Yuichi Oike
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Several reports suggest that acute inflammation after ischemia-reperfusion exacerbates brain damage; however, molecular mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. Here, we report that MAC-3-positive immune cells, including infiltrating bone marrow-derived macrophages and activated microglia, express abundant angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL) 2 in ischemic mouse brain in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. Both neurological deficits and infarct volume decreased in transient MCAO model mice established in Angptl2 knockout (KO) relative to wild-type mice...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858286/hypoxic-preconditioning-augments-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-in-a-rat-ischemic-stroke-model
#8
Jin Chen, Yuanyuan Yang, Lihua Shen, Wensen Ding, Xiang Chen, Erbing Wu, Kefu Cai, Guohua Wang
Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is a promising therapy for ischemic stroke, but the poor oxygen environment in brain lesions limits the efficacy of cell-based therapies. Here, we tested whether hypoxic preconditioning (HP) could augment the efficacy of BMSC transplantation in a rat ischemic stroke model and investigated the underlying mechanism of the effect of HP. In vitro, BMSCs were divided into five passage (P0, P1, P2, P3, and P4) groups, and HP was applied to the groups by incubating the cells with 1% oxygen for 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h, respectively...
November 18, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856349/reparative-effects-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-in-young-and-aged-co-morbid-rodents-after-cerebral-ischemia
#9
Jesus M Pradillo, Katie N Murray, Graham A Coutts, Ana Moraga, Fernando Oroz-Gonjar, Herve Boutin, Maria A Moro, Ignacio Lizasoain, Nancy J Rothwell, Stuart M Allan
Neuroprotective strategies for ischemic stroke have failed to translate from bench to bedside, possibly due to the lack of consideration of key clinical co-morbidities. Stroke and co-morbidities are associated with raised levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1). Inhibition of IL-1 by the administration of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) has shown to be neuroprotective after experimental cerebral ischemia. Stroke can also trigger a robust neuroreparative response following injury, yet many of these new born neurons fail to survive or integrate into pre-existing circuits...
November 14, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854047/neuroprotection-of-gueichih-fuling-wan-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-streptozotocin-induced-hyperglycemic-rats-via-the-inhibition-of-the-cellular-apoptosis-pathway-and-neuroinflammation
#10
Yuh-Fung Chen, Kuo-Jen Wu, Wei-Shih Huang, Yow-Wen Hsieh, Yu-Wen Wang, Huei-Yann Tsai, Ming-Ming Lee
BACKGROUND: Risks of stroke link with complications of hyperglycemia. Gueichih-Fuling-Wan (GFW), according to Chinese Medical Code literature, has the promotion of blood circulation and attenuates the swollen plot. Recent pharmacological studies have pointed out its efficacy in patients with cerebral ischemia or diabetes. Therefore, this study determined whether GFW has the protection against cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats and LPS-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells...
December 2016: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846628/minocycline-suppresses-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-experimental-ischemic-stroke
#11
Yunnan Lu, Guodong Xiao, Weifeng Luo
OBJECTIVE: Minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, has shown anti-inflammatory effects in cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative disease; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect have not been clearly identified. Since NLRP3 inflammasome activation controls the maturation and release of proinflammatory cytokines, especially interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 in ischemia stroke, we suppose that minocycline may be involved in the regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activation...
November 16, 2016: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844279/lncrna-n1lr-enhances-neuroprotection-against-ischemic-stroke-probably-by-inhibiting-p53-phosphorylation
#12
Zhuomin Wu, Ping Wu, Xialin Zuo, Na Yu, Yixin Qin, Qian Xu, Shuai He, Bohong Cen, Wenjie Liao, Aimin Ji
In recent years, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have critical roles in a broad range of cell biological processes. However, the activities of lncRNAs during ischemic stroke remain largely unknown. In this study, we carried out a genome-wide lncRNA microarray analysis in rat brains with ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The results revealed the differential expression of a subset of lncRNAs. Through the construction of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression networks, we identified lncRNA-N1LR as a novel I/R-induced lncRNA...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837475/pericytes-in-brain-injury-and-repair-after-ischemic-stroke
#13
REVIEW
Wei Cai, Huan Liu, Jingyan Zhao, Lily Y Chen, Jun Chen, Zhengqi Lu, Xiaoming Hu
Pericytes are functional components of the neurovascular unit (NVU). They provide support to other NVU components and maintain normal physiological functions of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The brain ischemia and reperfusion result in pathological alterations in pericytes. The intimate anatomical and functional interactions between pericytes and other NVU components play pivotal roles in the progression of stroke pathology. In this review, we depict the biology and functions of pericytes in the normal brain and discuss their effects in brain injury and repair after ischemia/reperfusion...
November 12, 2016: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826749/trpc3-6-7-knockdown-protects-the-brain-from-cerebral-ischemia-injury-via-astrocyte-apoptosis-inhibition-and-effects-on-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-translocation
#14
Xiaoyun Chen, Min Lu, Xiju He, Le Ma, Lutz Birnbaumer, Yanhong Liao
Ischemia contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality associated with many common neurological diseases. Calcium overload is an important mechanism of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Despite decades of intense research, an effective beneficial treatment of stroke remains limited; few therapeutic strategies exist to combat the consequences of cerebral ischemia. Traditionally, a "neurocentric" view has dominated research in this field. Evidence is now accumulating that glial cells, especially astrocytes, play an important role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia...
November 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826423/hydrogen-therapy-from-mechanism-to-cerebral-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Cheng-Lin Liu, Kai Zhang, Gang Chen
The medicinal value of hydrogen (H2) was ignored prior to research illustrating that inhalation of 2% H2 can significantly decrease the damage of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion caused by oxidative stress via selective elimination of hydroxyl freebase (OH) and peroxynitrite anion (ONOO-). Subsequently, there have been numerous experiments on H2. Most research and trials involving the mechanisms underlying H2 therapy show the effects of antioxygenation, anti-inflammation, and anti-apoptosis. Among quantities of diseases related with H2 therapy, the brain disease is a hotspot as brain tissue and cell damage are easier to be induced by oxidative stress and other stimulations...
March 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826421/cocktail-treatment-a-promising-strategy-to-treat-acute-cerebral-ischemic-stroke
#16
REVIEW
Li-Jun Liang, Jin-Ming Yang, Xin-Chun Jin
Up to now, over 1,000 experimental treatments found in cells and rodents have been difficult to translate to human ischemic stroke. Since ischemia and reperfusion, two separate stages of ischemic stroke, have different pathophysiological mechanisms leading to brain injury, a combination of protective agents targeting ischemia and reperfusion respectively may obtain substantially better results than a single agent. Normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) has been shown to exhibit neuro- and vaso-protective effects by improving tissue oxygenation when it is given during ischemia, however the effect of NBO would diminish when the duration of ischemia and reperfusion was extended...
March 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819182/electrical-stimulation-of-cerebellar-fastigial-nucleus-protects-against-cerebral-ischemic-injury-by-ppar%C3%AE-upregulation
#17
Bin Liu, Yanhong Zhang, Ying Jiang, Longling Li, Changqing Li, Jinfang Li
OBJECTIVE: Cerebellar fastigial nucleus stimulation (FNS) has been shown to protect against cerebral ischemic injury. Peroxisome proliferator activator receptor gamma (PPARγ) has been reported to cause neuroprotection in animal models of stroke. The present study was performed to explore the neuroprotective mechanisms of FNS treatment in experimental stroke. METHODOLOGY: Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats preconditioned through transfection with either PPARγ-small hairpin RNA (shRNA) or lentiviral vector without shRNA and surgically subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion subsequently received FNS treatment...
November 7, 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818230/effect-of-ppar-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-agonist-gw0742-treatment-in-the-acute-phase-response-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-following-brain-injury
#18
Khouloud Chehaibi, Laura le Maire, Sarah Bradoni, Joan Carles Escola, Francisco Blanco-Vaca, Mohamed Naceur Slimane
The systemic response to ischemic stroke is associated with the hepatic acute phase response (APR) that modulates leukocytes recruitment to the injured brain. The inappropriate recruitment of leukocytes to the brain parenchyma can result in blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown. Emerging data suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPAR-β/δ) activation has a potential neuroprotective role in ischemic stroke. However, mechanisms of PPAR-β/δ mediated protection in ischemic insults remain unclear...
October 18, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818208/effect-of-enriched-environment-on-angiogenesis-and-neurological-functions-in-rats-with-focal-cerebral-ischemia
#19
Xin Zhang, Xiu-Ping Chen, Jun-Bin Lin, Yu Xiong, Wei-Jing Liao, Qi Wan
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of enriched environment (EE) on cerebral angiogenesis after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion was performed in rats to set up an animal model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. In a set of behavioral tests, we demonstrated that the animals in the EE group exhibited significantly improved neurological functions compared to those in the standard housing condition group. In consistent with the functional tests, smaller infarction volumes were observed in the animals of EE group...
November 3, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807472/oxidative-stress-and-salvia-miltiorrhiza-in-aging-associated-cardiovascular-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Cheng-Chieh Chang, Yu-Chun Chang, Wen-Long Hu, Yu-Chiang Hung
Aging-associated cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have some risk factors that are closely related to oxidative stress. Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) has been used commonly to treat CVDs for hundreds of years in the Chinese community. We aimed to explore the effects of SM on oxidative stress in aging-associated CVDs. Through literature searches using Medicine, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, CINAHL, and Scopus databases, we found that SM not only possesses antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects but also exerts angiogenic and cardioprotective activities...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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