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Glenoid loose

Laurent B Willemot, Bassem T Elhassan, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield, Joaquin Sánchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Coracoid transfer has become increasingly popular for recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Despite the success, glenohumeral arthropathy develops in some patients. Arthroplasty in this population is complicated by altered anatomy, scarring, and retained hardware. This study evaluated shoulder arthroplasty in patients with a previous Latarjet or Bristow procedure. METHODS: Between 1980 and 2014, 33 patients underwent shoulder arthroplasty after coracoid transfer...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Dae-Hoon Kim, Eun Hee Lee, Eunae Sandra Cho, Jae-Young Kim, Kug-Jin Jeon, Jin Kim, Jong-Ki Huh
Synovial chondromatosis is a rare benign lesion originating from the synovial membrane. It presents as adhesive or non-adhesive intra-articular cartilaginous loose bodies. Although the causes of synovial chondromatosis have not been fully elucidated, inflammation, external injury, or excessive use of joints have been suggested as possible causes. Synovial chondromatosis has been reported to occur most frequently at large joints that bear weights, with a rare occurrence at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). When synovial chondromatosis develops at TMJ, clinical symptoms, including pain, joint sounds, and mouth opening may common...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
M Jaeger, D Maier, K Izadpanah, N P Südkamp
OBJECTIVE: Stabilization of the humerus with preservation or restoration of the shoulder function. INDICATIONS: Always in the presence of a loose prosthesis. It may become necessary in conditions of poor bone stock and if osteosynthesis is not possible. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Noncompliant patients due to alcohol or drugs. Local infections. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The loose implant is removed using an extended anterior deltopectoral approach...
December 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Robert Z Tashjian, Erin Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Large glenoid bone defects in the setting of glenohumeral arthritis can present a challenge to the shoulder arthroplasty surgeon. The results of large structural autografting at the time of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are relatively unknown. METHODS: This retrospective case series describes the clinical and radiographic results of large structural autografting from the humeral head to the glenoid during primary RTSA. RESULTS: Of 17 patients who met inclusion criteria, 14 (82% follow-up) were evaluated postoperatively at a mean of 2...
January 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Jason B T Lim, Andrew H C Tan
INTRODUCTION: The spectrum of pathoanatomic lesions encountered in anterior shoulder dislocation is broad. There could be a presence of loose bodies, chondral and osteochondral, in the shoulder joint and also concomitant rotator cuff partial tears resulting from acute and chronic shoulder instability. CASE REPORT: We present one case report of a 46-year-old male Chinese with an uncommon case of Bankart lesion, with a full thickness chondral defect over the superior glenoid articular surface manifesting as a large intra-articular loose cartilaginous body...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Jeffrey T Abildgaard, Jared C Bentley, Richard J Hawkins, John M Tokish
Glenoid component loosening is a common cause of failed total shoulder arthroplasty. Many different treatment options exist for the management of a symptomatic loose polyethylene glenoid component, ranging from component removal to revision arthroplasty. Arthroscopic removal and conversion to hemiarthroplasty provides a minimally invasive management option that avoids takedown of the subscapularis and allows for humeral prosthesis retention. Frequently, however, osteolysis is encountered concomitantly leading to cavitary glenoid bone deficits at the time of glenoid implant removal, limiting both immediate and future treatment options...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Paul B McLendon, Bradley S Schoch, John W Sperling, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Cathy D Schleck, Robert H Cofield
BACKGROUND: Loosening of the glenoid component is a primary reason for failure of an anatomic shoulder arthroplasty. Pegged glenoids were designed in an effort to outperform keeled components. This study evaluated the midterm clinical and radiographic survival of a single implant design with implantation of an in-line pegged glenoid component and identified risk factors for radiographic loosening and clinical failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were 330 total shoulder arthroplasties that had been implanted with a cemented, all-polyethylene, in-line pegged glenoid component evaluated with an average clinical follow-up of 7...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
William R Aibinder, Bradley Schoch, Cathy Schleck, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield
BACKGROUND: Glenoid component loosening is a common indication for revision shoulder arthroplasty. The objective of this study is to assess the longer-term outcomes of patients undergoing revision specifically for aseptic loosening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1985 and 2005, 34 revision shoulder arthroplasties were performed for aseptic glenoid loosening. Three patients were lost to follow-up. Treatment included component reimplantation in 20 shoulders (group I) or component removal with bone grafting in 11 shoulders (group II)...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Mukesh Kumar, Jai Thilak
INTRODUCTION: The glenoid labrum is frequently torn in traumatic glenohumeral dislocation; arthroscopic repair is the standard method of treatment. The complications associated with this repair are pulling out of metal suture anchors, chondrolysis and joint infection. The infection of joint after arthroscopy is less than 1%. Staphylococcus is most common organism and rarely followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We report a case of infected shoulder with chondrolysis of the joint and pulled out metal suture anchor lying inside the joint after Bankart's repair...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Christine Tempelaere, Jérome Pierrart, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Valérie Vuillemin, Charles-André Cuénod, Ulrich Hansen, Olivier Mir, Wafa Skalli, Thomas Gregory
BACKGROUND: MRI is the standard methodology in diagnosis of rotator cuff diseases. However, many patients continue to have pain despite treatment, and MRI of a static unloaded shoulder seems insufficient for best diagnosis and treatment. This study evaluated if Dynamic MRI provides novel kinematic data that can be used to improve the understanding, diagnosis and best treatment of rotator cuff diseases. METHODS: Dynamic MRI provided real-time 3D image series and was used to measure changes in the width of subacromial space, superior-inferior translation and anterior-posterior translation of the humeral head relative to the glenoid during active abduction...
2016: PloS One
Richard B Jones, Thomas W Wright, Joseph D Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Large glenoid defects pose difficulties in shoulder arthroplasty. Structural grafts consisting of a humeral head autograft, iliac crest, and allograft have been described. Few series describe grafts used with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who had undergone primary or revision RTSA. We identified 44 patients (20 men and 24 women; mean age, 69 years) as having a bulk structural graft to the glenoid behind the baseplate...
September 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Robert M Lucas, Jason E Hsu, Ian J Whitney, Jory Wasserburger, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: Glenoid loosening is one of the most common causes of total shoulder failure. High rates of positive cultures of Propionibacterium and coagulase-negative staphylococcus have been found among shoulders having surgical revision for glenoid loosening. This study reviewed the culture results in a series of surgical revisions for failed total shoulder arthroplasty to determine the relationship between glenoid loosening and positive cultures. METHODS: The medical records of 221 patients without obvious evidence of infection who underwent revision total shoulder arthroplasty were reviewed to examine the association between the security of fixation of the glenoid component and the results of cultures obtained at revision surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Thomas W Wright, Sean G Grey, Christopher P Roche, Logan Wright, Pierre-Henri Flurin, Joseph D Zuckerman
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis of the shoulder often results in significant posterior glenoid wear. The options for treating this have been eccentric glenoid reaming and occasionally bone grafting. More recently reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) with or without bone grafting and posterior augmented glenoids (PAGs) has been introduced. The PAG restores the native joint line while reaming a minimal amount of glenoid bone. The purpose of this study is to compare osteoarthritic shoulders with significant posterior glenoid wear treated with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) using a PAG to shoulders without glenoid wear treated with aTSA using a standard all poly pegged glenoid...
December 2015: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Alessandro Castagna, Silvana De Giorgi, Raffaele Garofalo, Silvio Tafuri, Marco Conti, Biagio Moretti
PURPOSE: A new and more anatomical technique for SLAP II lesions repair is described. It consists in the reattachment of the medial aspect of the biceps anchor to the superior glenoid neck with a mattress stitch posterior and medial to the biceps anchor and a simple stitch placed anteriorly to the biceps. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, 14 patients matching the inclusion criteria were selected for the study. A visual analogic scale, ROWE, UCLA, ASES and Constant scores were used to make evaluation...
February 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Patric Raiss, Manuela Weiter, Boris Sowa, Felix Zeifang, Markus Loew
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyse the short- and medium-term clinical and radiographic results of cementless humeral head resurfacing in combination with a cemented glenoid component. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with a mean age of 65 years (range 42-84) and a mean follow-up of three years (two to six) were followed up. The Constant score with its subgroups as well as shoulder motions and complications were recorded. Radiographs in two planes were analysed for loosening of the components...
February 2015: International Orthopaedics
Pierre-Henri Flurin, Martin Janout, Christopher P Roche, Thomas W Wright, Joseph Zuckerman
Loosening of the glenoid component is a frequent cause of failure of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). The etiology of glenoid component loosening is multifactorial and includes aseptic osteolysis, rotator cuff insufficiency, soft tissue instability, and infection. A loose glenoid component is frequently associated with a substantial loss of glenoid bone, which necessitates additional procedures to implant a new component. Several studies have shown that patients with a new glenoid component have better clinical outcomes, which makes successful glenoid reimplantation a priority...
2013: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
L Favard
In France, the number of revisions for total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) has increased by 29% between 2006 and 2010. Published studies have reported a revision rate of approximately 11% for hemi-arthroplasty and total anatomical implants, and 10% for reversed implants. The decision to revise or not revise a TSA requires that a rigorous, clinical, laboratory and imaging initial assessment be done in order to answer five questions. Is it infected? Is it unstable? Is it worn? Is it loosened? How is the rotator cuff? This assessment and an evaluation of the bone stock are required to decide whether or not to revise...
February 2013: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Patric Raiss, Markus Schmitt, Thomas Bruckner, Philip Kasten, Guido Pape, Markus Loew, Felix Zeifang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic long-term outcomes of patients treated with a third-generation cemented total shoulder replacement and followed for at least ten years. METHODS: The results of thirty-nine arthroplasties were analyzed clinically with use of the Constant score and on radiographs in two projections, with special regard to glenoid component loosening, at a mean of eleven years (range, ten to fifteen years) postoperatively...
December 5, 2012: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Gregory I Bain, Ian J Galley, Charanjeet Singh, Chris Carter, Kevin Eng
The purpose of the study was to describe the normal anatomy of the glenoid labrum to help identification of pathology and guide surgical repair. Twenty dry bone scapulae and 19 cadaveric shoulders were examined. Light microscopy was performed on 12 radial slices through the glenoid. An external capsular circumferential ridge, 7-8 mm medial to the glenoid rim marks the attachment of the capsule. A separate internal labral circumferential ridge 4 mm central to the glenoid rim marks the interface between the labrum and articular cartilage...
April 2013: Clinical Anatomy
U Rydholm, J Sjögren
The clinical results obtained an average of 4.2 years after resurfacing of the humeral head in 72 rheumatoid shoulders showed 94% of the patients being pleased regarding pain relief and 82% reporting improved shoulder mobility. Shoulder function was significantly improved. The radiographs were analyzed regarding the position of the humeral head resurfacing cup, proximal migration of the humerus, and glenoid attrition during the follow-up period. Change of the distance between the superior margin of the cup and the greater tuberosity and/or change of inclination of the prosthesis were regarded as signs of prosthetic loosening...
November 1993: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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