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Oral Melanocytic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421728/oral-pigmentations-in-physiologic-conditions-post-inflammatory-affections-and-systemic-diseases
#1
Martina Lambertini, Annalisa Patrizi, Giulia M Ravaioli, Emi Dika
Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases...
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365395/clinicopathological-and-immunohistochemical-analysis-of-oral-melanocytic-nevi-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
M Amérigo-Góngora, G Machuca-Portillo, D Torres-Lagares, P Lesclous, J Amérigo-Navarro, R González-Cámpora
INTRODUCTION: Oral melanocytic nevi (OMNs) are uncommon benign melanocytic tumors, histologically similar to their cutaneous counterparts. The aim of this study was twofold: to contribute to the epidemiology with a literature review with the first Spanish series of OMNs, and to report on clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and demographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cases attended over the period 1999-2010 was carried out using data drawn from the pathology unit files at two public hospitals in the Spanish region of Andalusia, serving between them a population of 823...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346126/agreement-between-cytology-and-histopathology-for-regional-lymph-node-metastasis-in-dogs-with-melanocytic-neoplasms
#3
Janet A Grimes, Brad M Matz, Pete W Christopherson, Jey W Koehler, Kelsey K Cappelle, Katelyn C Hlusko, Annette Smith
Melanocytic neoplasms are common in dogs and frequently occur within the oral cavity or in haired skin. The behavior of melanocytic neoplasms is variable and depends on tumor location, size, and histopathologic features. This study compared cytopathology and histopathology of 32 lymph nodes from 27 dogs diagnosed with melanocytic neoplasms. Agreement between the original cytology report, cytology slide review, original histopathology report, and histopathology slide review was determined for each lymph node...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302248/ocular-features-in-a-case-of-nevus-of-ota
#4
Murtaza Sameen Junejo, Muhammad Saim Khan, Ahsan Mukhtar
Oculodermal melanocytosis, also known as Nevus of Ota, is a hamartomatous melanocytic nevus of dermal melanocytes. It presents as a bluish grey patch on the face, which may be congenital or acquired involving the area of distribution of the ophthalmic and maxillary branches of the trigeminal nerve. The nevus can be unilateral or bilateral, and, in addition to skin, it may involve ocular and oral mucosal surfaces. It is a rare disorder and the ocular complications, such as glaucoma and melanoma, may be vision or life-threatening...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247222/update-from-the-4th-edition-of-the-world-health-organization-classification-of-head-and-neck-tumours-mucosal-melanomas
#5
Michelle D Williams
The updated edition of The World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of the Head and Neck includes discussions on mucosal melanoma of both the sinonasal and oral cavity. Since the prior edition, sinonasal origin is now recognized as the most common site of occurrence of mucosal melanoma in the head and neck (66%) with oral cavity representing 25% of cases. Histologic features of mucosal melanomas vary widely from spindled, epithelioid, and pleomorphic to rhabdoid, plasmacytoid and undifferentiated...
March 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134726/mutational-status-of-nras-and-braf-genes-and-protein-expression-analysis-in-a-series-of-primary-oral-mucosal-melanoma
#6
Ricardo Hsieh, Marcello M S Nico, Cláudia M C Camillo, Kátia K Oliveira, Martin Sangueza, Silvia V Lourenço
Primary oral mucosal melanoma is an extremely rare and aggressive tumor arising from melanocytes located in the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. Although malignant melanoma of oral mucosa shares some clinical features with its cutaneous counterpart, it has been associated with a worst prognosis; its etiopathogenesis are still only partially unraveled as there is no influence of UV radiation. It is known that the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway mediates cellular responses to growth signals and its activation is an important phenomenon in melanoma...
February 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078671/melanoma-in-congenital-melanocytic-naevi
#7
REVIEW
V A Kinsler, P O'Hare, N Bulstrode, J E Calonje, W K Chong, D Hargrave, T Jacques, D Lomas, N J Sebire, O Slater
Congenital melanocytic naevi (CMN) are a known risk factor for melanoma, with the greatest risk currently thought to be in childhood. There has been controversy over the years about the incidence, and therefore over clinical management of CMN, due partly to the difficulties of histological diagnosis and partly to publishing bias towards cases of malignancy. Large cohort studies have demonstrated that risk in childhood is related to the severity of the congenital phenotype, not only cutaneous but neuroradiological...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063031/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-afamelanotide-and-its-clinical-use-in-treating-dermatologic-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Elisabeth I Minder, Jasmin Barman-Aksoezen, Xiaoye Schneider-Yin
Afamelanotide, the first α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) analogue, synthesized in 1980, was broadly investigated in all aspects of pigmentation because its activity and stability were higher than the natural hormone. Afamelanotide binds to the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R), and MC1R signaling increases melanin synthesis, induces antioxidant activities, enhances DNA repair processes and modulates inflammation. The loss-of-function variants of the MC1R present in fair-skinned Caucasians are less effectively activated by the natural hormone...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045755/nevus-spilus-speckled-lentiginous-nevus-in-the-oral-cavity-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Karen G Torres, Laura Carle, Michael Royer
The congenital melanocytic nevus is a pigmented melanocytic lesion that presents at birth or shortly thereafter. It is commonly described on the skin, usually on the trunk and extremities. Only five intraoral cases of congenital melanocytic nevi have been described in the English literature. A nevus spilus (speckled lentiginous nevus) is a clinical variant of congenital melanocytic nevus. The authors present the case of a 19-year-old male with an intraoral nevus spilus. The anterior mandibular gingiva exhibited multiple speckled, pigmented papules and macules on a thickened, hyperplastic macular background...
January 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920018/a-phase-ii-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-oral-n-acetylcysteine-for-protection-of-melanocytic-nevi-against-uv-induced-oxidative-stress-in-vivo
#10
Pamela B Cassidy, Tong Liu, Scott R Florell, Matthew Honeggar, Sancy A Leachman, Kenneth M Boucher, Douglas Grossman
Oxidative stress plays a role in UV-induced melanoma, which may arise from melanocytic nevi. We investigated whether oral administration of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could protect nevi from oxidative stress in vivo in the setting of acute UV exposure. The minimal erythemal dose (MED) was determined for 100 patients at increased risk for melanoma. Patients were randomized to receive a single dose (1,200 mg) of NAC or placebo, in double-blind fashion, and then one nevus was irradiated (1-2 MED) using a solar simulator...
January 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916254/pigmented-oral-compound-nevus-of-retromolar-area-a-rare-case-report
#11
Virender Gombra, Mandeep Kaur, Keya Sircar, Deepika Bablani Popli
Solitary pigmented melanocytic intraoral lesions of the oral cavity are rare. Oral nevus is a congenital or acquired benign neoplasm. Oral compound nevus constitutes 5.9%-16.5% of all oral melanocytic nevi. The oral compound nevus is commonly seen on hard palate and buccal mucosa and rarely on other intraoral sites. The objective of this article is to present a rare case report of oral compound nevus in the retromolar pad region along with a review of literature. A 22 year old female reported with a solitary black pigmented papule at retromolar pad region which was surgically removed and microscopic investigation confirmed the diagnosis of oral compound nevus...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761393/mandibular-metastasis-of-cutaneous-melanoma
#12
Josi Amadeu, Cleto Mariosvaldo Piazzetta, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira, José Miguel Amenábar
Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that can metastasize to every organ of the body, but metastasis to the oral cavity is uncommon. We describe a case of metastatic malignant melanoma to the mandible in a 33-years-old woman. The patient had a 2 cm × 4 cm firm, ulcerated nodule, distal to the second mandibular right molar. Incisional biopsy revealed epithelioid cells and immunohistochemistry was positive for HMB-45, S-100 protein and vimentin. The patient was referred to the local cancer hospital for treatment but died 3 months later...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709427/s-100-negative-granular-cell-tumor-so-called-primitive-polypoid-non-neural-granular-cell-tumor-of-the-oral-cavity
#13
Yeshwant B Rawal, Thomas B Dodson
Four cases of cutaneous S-100 negative granular cell tumor were described in 1991. Until now, only 3 cases of oral involvement have been documented in English literature. Two additional cases of oral S-100 negative granular cell tumor are described. Immunohistochemical markers were applied to exclude other lesions that may show the presence of granular cells. The clinical findings were correlated with the histopathological and immunohistochemical features to arrive at the appropriate diagnosis. S-100 negative granular cell tumors are erythematous polypoid masses commonly mistaken for granulation tissue or a pyogenic granuloma...
October 5, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561155/design-of-cyclized-selective-melanotropins
#14
REVIEW
Minying Cai, Victor J Hruby
This article describes the development of cyclic peptides for G-protein coupled receptors to enable structure-function knowledge and the design of novel therapeutics. One important property of cyclic peptides is that they tend to be resistant to the digestion, enabling them to survive in the human digestive tract. This trait makes them very important as drug leads or as scaffolds which, in theory, can be engineered to incorporate a peptide domain of medicinal value. This is especially important for delivery of peptides that would be destroyed without such implementation...
November 2016: Biopolymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522713/-melanoma-and-human-papillomaviruses-is-there-an-outlook-for-study
#15
REVIEW
G M Volgareva, I N Mikhaylova, D A Golovina
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive human malignant tumors. Its incidence and mortality are growing steadily. Ultraviolet irradiation is the main risk factor for melanoma involved in melanomagenesis. The probability of viral etiology of melanoma has been discussed. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) have been mentioned among candidates for its etiologic agents because some HPV types are the powerful carcinogens causing cervical cancer and other cancers. The review analyses the literature data on the association of melanoma with HPV Several groupsfound HPVin skin melanomas as well as in mucosa; viruses of high oncogenic risk were detected in some cases...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428182/a-systematic-review-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-tumor-of-gastrointestinal-tract
#16
REVIEW
Zehong Chen, Siqi Han, Jialin Wu, Minmin Xiong, Yanqiao Huang, Jianhui Chen, Yujie Yuan, Jianjun Peng, Wu Song
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare entity with distinctive morphology and of expressing myomelanocytic markers. Gastrointestinal tract (GI) is one of the most common anatomic sites of origin and counts for 20% to 25% of all reported cases of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors not otherwise specified (PEComas-NOS). However, the biologic behavior of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors of gastrointestinal tract (GI PEComas-NOS) is still unclear. The aim of conducting this systematic review is to sum up what is known so far of the epidemiology, natural history, management and prognosis of GI PEComas-NOS...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398186/pathogenesis-and-clinicohistopathological-caractheristics-of-melanoacanthoma-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Elena Cantudo-Sanagustín, Aída Gutiérrez-Corrales, Manuel Vigo-Martínez, María-Ángeles Serrera-Figallo, Daniel Torres-Lagares, José-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
INTRODUCTION: The melanoacanthoma is a rare benign pigmented tumor, characterized by a fast radial growth and clinical behavior similar to melanoma. Color changes in oral mucosa and dermis are consequence of increased melanocyte activity as response to an irritant factor. There is a vast phenotypic variety. It is difficult to distinguish between a benign pigmented lesion and a melanoma at its early stage. Due to its clinical relevance is crucial to diagnose possible malignancy of the lesions...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270028/metastatic-solid-tumors-to-the-jaw-and-oral-soft-tissue-a-retrospective-clinical-analysis-of-44-patients-from-a-single-institution
#18
Adepitan A Owosho, Bin Xu, Arvin Kadempour, SaeHee K Yom, Joseph Randazzo, Ronald A Ghossein, Joseph M Huryn, Cherry L Estilo
PURPOSE: Metastatic solid tumors to the oral cavity are rare, frequently indicative of an end-stage disease process, and associated with poor survival rates. We performed a 20-year retrospective clinical analysis of our institution's cases of solid metastases to the oral cavity, and investigated these patients' clinical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with metastatic solid tumors to the oral cavity over a 20-year period (October 1996 to September 2015) was conducted at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195264/oral-malignant-melanoma-initially-misdiagnosed-as-a-racial-pigmentation-a-case-report
#19
Carla Patrícia Martinelli-Kläy, Marcel Leandro Laporte, Celso Ricardo Martinelli, Celso Martinelli, Tommaso Lombardi
Oral malignant melanoma (OMM) is rare, representing less than 0.5% of all oral malignancies. The most affected sites are the palate and the maxillary gingiva. Histological examination is important to establish the diagnosis of any suspicious pigmented lesion in the oral cavity, mainly if a precise clinical diagnosis is not possible. We present one case of OMM that was initially diagnosed as a racial pigmentation elsewhere 2 years earlier. Clinical examination showed multiple macules and nodules located on the hard and soft palate, gingiva and superior alveolar mucosa...
January 2016: Dermatopathology (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177643/in-situ-melanoma-of-the-gingiva-associated-with-dense-inflammation-and-pigment-deposition-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall-in-evaluating-stromal-invasion
#20
Bruno Tavares Sedassari, Nelise Alexandre da Silva Lascane, André Luis Santana de Freitas, Mário Cláudio Mautoni, Mirian Nacagami Sotto, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado de Sousa, Décio Dos Santos Pinto
Melanoma is a highly aggressive neoplasm in which the neoplastic cells display melanocytic differentiation. Less than 1 % of all melanomas arise in the mucosal surfaces of the oral cavity, with purely in situ lesions being exceedingly rare tumors, but with a favorable prognosis compared with invasive lesions. We describe the clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings in an uncommon case of in situ mucosal melanoma of the oral cavity with intense tumor-associated pigment deposition and inflammation complicating the morphological assessment of infiltrative areas...
December 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
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