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Phosphoric acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927358/understanding-fe-2-toxicity-and-p-deficiency-tolerance-in-rice-for-enhancing-productivity-under-acidic-soils
#1
Sudip Das, Wricha Tyagi, Mayank Rai, Julia S Yumnam
Plants experience low phosphorus (P) and high iron (Fe) levels in acidic lowland soils that lead to reduced crop productivity. A better understanding of the relationship between these two stresses at molecular and physiological level will lead to development of suitable strategies to increase crop productivity in such poor soils. Tolerance for most abiotic stresses including P deficiency and Fe toxicity is a quantitative trait in rice. Recent studies in the areas of physiology, genetics, and overall metabolic pathways in response to P deficiency of rice plants have improved our understanding of low P tolerance...
April 2017: Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927272/nonaqueous-sol-gel-synthesis-of-anatase-nanoparticles-and-their-electrophoretic-deposition-in-porous-alumina
#2
Cedric Frantz, Alessandro Lauria, Cristina Vicente Manzano, Carlos Guerra-Nuñez, Markus Niederberger, Cédric Storrer, Johann Michler, Laetitia Vérnique Philippe
TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by nonaqueous sol-gel route using chloride precursor and benzyl alcohol as the solvent. The obtained 4 nm size anatase nanocrystals were readily dispersible in various polar solvents allowing for simple preparation of colloidal dispersions in water, isopropyl alcohol, dimethyl sulfoxide, and ethanol. Results showed that dispersed nanoparticles have acidic properties and exhibit positive zeta-potential which is suitable for their deposition by cathodic electrophoresis. Aluminum substrates were anodized in phosphoric acid in order to produce porous anodic oxide layers with pores ranging from 160 to 320 nm...
September 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926251/correction-to-theoretical-study-on-the-acidities-of-chiral-phosphoric-acids-in-dimethyl-sulfoxide-hints-for-organocatalysis
#3
Chen Yang, Xiao-Song Xue, Jia-Lu Jin, Xin Li, Jin-Pei Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920818/biochemistry-panel-reference-intervals-for-juvenile-goldfish-carassius-auratus
#4
Laura A Adamovicz, Macy R Trosclair, Gregory A Lewbart
Reference intervals for diagnostic tests are vitally important for clinical decision making. Despite the popularity of pet goldfish (Carassius auratus), reference intervals have not been generated for routine biochemistry panel analytes in this species. This study establishes de novo reference intervals for packed cell volume and total solids, using 47 apparently healthy immature goldfish, and for 11 common chemistry panel analytes (albumin, aspartate aminotransferase, calcium, creatine kinase, globulin, blood glucose, sodium, potassium, phosphorous, total protein, and uric acid) using 39 immature goldfish...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919656/direct-valorisation-of-waste-cocoa-butter-triglycerides-via-catalytic-epoxidation-ring-opening-and-polymerisation
#5
Dorota D Plaza, Vinzent Strobel, Parminder Kaur Ks Heer, Andrew B Sellars, Seng-Soi Hoong, Andrew J Clark, Alexei A Lapkin
BACKGROUND: Development of circular economy requires significant advances in the technologies for valorisation of waste, as waste becomes new feedstock. Food waste is a particularly important feedstock, containing large variation of complex chemical functionality. Although most food waste sources are complex mixtures, waste from food processing, no longer suitable for the human food chain, may also represent relatively clean materials. One such material requiring valorisation is cocoa butter...
September 2017: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917878/cellulose-nanocrystals-from-passion-fruit-peels-waste-as-antibiotic-drug-carrier
#6
Christian J Wijaya, Stephanie N Saputra, Felycia E Soetaredjo, Jindrayani N Putro, Chun X Lin, Alfin Kurniawan, Yi-Hsu Ju, Suryadi Ismadji
Due to its excellent chemical and physical properties, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) possess many potential advanced functional applications. In this study, CNC was extracted from natural product by hydrolyzing cellulose segment of passionfruit peels using sulphuric acid solution. The capability of CNC as drug carrier was tested toward tetracycline antibiotic. The drug loading processes were carried out at various pH (3-7) with the optimum uptake of tetracycline achieved at pH 3. The in vitro release of tetracycline drug was carried out in phosphoric buffer medium with two different pH conditions at 37°C...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916883/different-post-processing-conditions-for-3d-bioprinted-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-scaffolds
#7
Liciane Sabadin Bertol, Rodrigo Schabbach, Luis Alberto Loureiro Dos Santos
The development of 3D printing hardware, software and materials has enabled the production of bone substitute scaffolds for tissue engineering. Calcium phosphates cements, such as those based on α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP), have recognized properties of osteoinductivity, osteoconductivity and resorbability and can be used to 3D print scaffolds to support and induce tissue formation and be replaced by natural bone. At present, however, the mechanical properties found for 3D printed bone scaffolds are only satisfactory for non-load bearing applications...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916797/synthesis-of-enhanced-phosphonic-functional-groups-mesoporous-silica-for-uranium-selective-adsorption-from-aqueous-solutions
#8
H Sarafraz, A Minuchehr, Gh Alahyarizadeh, Z Rahimi
Enhanced phosphonic functional group (PFG)-based mesoporous silicas (MSs) were synthesized by hydrothermal method for uranium [U(VI)] selective adsorption from aqueous solutions. Considering that PFGs are directly related to U(VI) adsorption, the main idea of this research was to synthesize enhanced PFG-MSs and consequently enhance U(VI) adsorption. We synthesized two kinds of MSs based on acetic and phosphoric acids at weakly acidic pH, which allows high-loading phosphonic functionality. The main sodium and phosphonic functionality sources were sodium metasilicate and diethylphosphatoethyltriethoxysilane (DPTS)...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916464/adhesion-procedure-for-cad-cam-resin-crown-bonding-reduction-of-bond-strengths-due-to-artificial-saliva-contamination
#9
Asuka Kawaguchi-Uemura, Atsushi Mine, Mariko Matsumoto, Yuko Tajiri, Mami Higashi, Tomoshige Kabetani, Ryosuke Hagino, Dai Imai, Takuya Minamino, Jiro Miura, Hirofumi Yatani
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to elucidate how saliva contamination affects microtensile bond strength of resin cement to CAD/CAM resin blocks and identify a decontamination method that can restore original bond strength. METHODS: The KATANA AVENCIA block (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was sandblasted on the adherend surface (P-Co group). Then, the block was contaminated with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin). Air dry (N-Co), sandblasting (Sb) and phosphate acid cleaning (AT) groups were prepared...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915038/frustrated-lewis-pair-polymers-as-responsive-self-healing-gels
#10
Meng Wang, Fabio Nudelman, Rebecca Matthes, Michael Patrick Shaver
Steric bulk prevents the formation of strong bonds between Lewis acids and bases in Frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs), where latent reactivity makes these reagents transformative in small molecule activations and metal-free catalysis. However, their use as a platform for developing materials chemistry is unexplored. Here we report a fully macromolecular FLP, built from linear copolymers that containing either a sterically encumbered Lewis base or Lewis acid as a pendant functional group. The target functional copolymers were prepared by a controlled radical copolymerization of styrene with designer boron or phosphorous containing monomers...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914231/plasmonic-resonances-in-hybrid-systems-of-aluminum-nanostructured-arrays-and-few-layer-graphene-within-the-uv-ir-spectral-range
#11
Ricardo González-Campuzano, J M Saniger, Doroteo Mendoza
The size-controllable and ordered Al nanocavities and nanodomes arrays were synthesized by electrochemical anodization of aluminum using phosphoric acid, citric acid and mixture both acids. Few layer graphene (FLG) was transferred directly on top of Al nanostructures and their morphology were evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The interaction between FLG and the plasmonic properties of Al nanostructures arrays were investigated based on specular reflectivity in the UV-Vis-IR range and Raman Spectroscopy...
September 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912941/the-effect-of-er-yag-laser-irradiation-and-different-concentrations-of-sodium-hypochlorite-on-shear-bond-strength-of-composite-to-primary-teeth-s-dentin
#12
Zahra Bahrololoomi, Azam Dadkhah, Mohammadsadegh Alemrajabi
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of various concentrations of NaOCl on shear bond strength of composite resin to dentin of primary teeth, prepared with laser and bur. Methods: In this in vitro study, 48 primary molars were sectioned at mesiodistal direction and were randomly divided into 6 groups; G1: bur, G2: bur + NaOCl 2.5%, G3: bur + NaOCl 5.25%, G4: laser, G5: laser + NaOCl 2.5%, G6: laser + NaOCl 5.25%. One-Step Plus adhesive was applied after phosphoric acid gel and NaOCl over the dentin surfaces for all groups, and composite resin cylinders were bonded to the samples...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911654/extraction-optimization-of-gallic-acid-catechin-%C3%A2-procyanidin-b2-epicatechin-epigallocatechin-gallate-and-epicatechin-gallate-their-simultaneous-identification-and-quantification-in-saraca-asoca
#13
Tushar Dhanani, Raghuraj Singh, Satyanshu Kumar
The objective of the present investigation was to optimize extraction conditions for maximum recovery of bioactive phenolics from different parts of Saraca asoca. Extraction recovery was optimized using a mixture of methanol and water in different proportions. For identification and quantification of six analytes, a rapid reversed phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) photo diode array detection method was developed. UPLC separation was achieved in a gradient elution mode on a C18 column with acetonitrile and aqueous phosphoric acid (0...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898802/nucleases-activities-during-french-bean-leaf-aging-and-dark-induced-senescence
#14
Rocío Lambert, Francisco Antonio Quiles, Gregorio Gálvez-Valdivieso, Pedro Piedras
During leaf senescence resources are managed, with nutrients mobilized from older leaves to new sink tissues. The latter implies a dilemma in terms of resource utilization, the leaf senescence should increase seed quality whereas delay in senescence should improve the seed yield. Increased knowledge about nutrient recycling during leaf senescence could lead to advances in agriculture and improved seed quality. Macromolecules mobilized during leaf senescence include proteins and nucleic acids. Although nucleic acids have been less well studied than protein degradation, they are possible reservoirs of nitrogen and phosphorous...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892684/mild-temperature-dilute-acid-pretreatment-for-integration-of-first-and-second-generation-ethanol-processes
#15
Ramkumar B Nair, Mahdi Kalif, Jorge A Ferreira, Mohammad J Taherzadeh, Patrik R Lennartsson
The use of hot-water (100°C) from the 1st generation ethanol plants for mild-temperature lignocellulose pretreatment can possibly cut down the operational (energy) cost of 2nd generation ethanol process, in an integrated model. Dilute-sulfuric and -phosphoric acid pretreatment at 100°C was carried out for wheat bran and whole-stillage fibers. Pretreatment time and acid type influenced the release of sugars from wheat bran, while acid-concentration was found significant for whole-stillage fibers. Pretreatment led up-to 300% improvement in the glucose yield compared to only-enzymatically treated substrates...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887631/the-efficient-removal-of-thallium-from-sintering-flue-gas-desulfurization-wastewater-in-ferrous-metallurgy-using-emulsion-liquid-membrane
#16
Li Yang, Jiangping Xiao, Yi Shen, Xian Liu, Wensong Li, Weiyan Wang, Yunquan Yang
The removal of thallium ions in flue gas desulfurization wastewater from ferrous metallurgic industry was studied by emulsion liquid membrane (ELM) method using 2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid-2-ethylhexyl ester (P507) as carrier, aviation kerosene (AK) as organic solvent, polyisobutylene succinimide (T154) as surfactant, polyisobutylene (PIB) as additive, and sulfuric acid as internal reagent. Some important influence parameters such as concentrations of carrier, surfactant and stripping agent, agitation speed, extraction time, volume ratios of feed solution to emulsion phase and internal phase to membrane phase, and their effects on the removal efficiency of Tl in the ELM process were investigated and optimized...
September 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886243/enantioselective-synthesis-of-1-3-disubstituted-1-3-dihydroisobenzofurans-via-a-cascade-allylboration-oxo-michael-reaction-of-o-formyl-chalcones-catalyzed-by-a-chiral-phosphoric-acid
#17
Xing Yang, Shuai Pang, Feng Cheng, Yue Zhang, Ya-Wei Lin, Quan Yuan, Fang-Lin Zhang, Yi-Yong Huang
The first chiral Brønsted acid-catalyzed asymmetric cascade allylboration/oxo-Michael reaction between o-formyl chalcones and allylboronate has been successfully realized, which afforded chiral 1,3-disubstituted 1,3-dihydroisobenzofurans with yield, diastereoselective ratio (dr) and enantioselective excess (ee) up to 94%, 2.5:1 and 98%, respectively. In addition, 2,3-dienylboronic pinacol ester was also applied into this cascade reaction with good catalytic results.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885634/pd-p-nanoparticles-supported-on-pxoy-incorporated-carbon-nanotubes-for-enhanced-methanol-oxidation-in-an-alkaline-medium
#18
Yanan Xie, Weizhen Yu, Juan Wang, Yifei Wu, Shuo Niu, Wenyao Guo, Tsungwu Lin, Lidong Shao
Phosphorous oxide (PxOy)-incorporated carbon nanotubes (PCNTs) and nitric acid treated carbon nanotubes (OCNTs) are first synthesized, then phosphorous modified palladium nanoparticles (Pd-P NPs) supported on PCNTs (Pd-P/PCNTs) and OCNTs (Pd-P/OCNTs) are synthesized and employed as electrocatalysts in a methanol oxidation reaction. Pd-P/PCNTs show enhanced electrocatalytic activity and stability in comparison to Pd-P/OCNTs. Combining surface analysis and electrochemical performance, PxOy incorporated into CNTs could create anchoring sites for Pd ions and P precursors, which could facilitate the synthesis of Pd-P NPs in an aqueous solution containing Pd ions and sodium hypophosphite serving as a reducing agent and a P source...
September 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883646/heat-conjugation-of-antibacterial-agents-from-amino-acids-and-plant-oil
#19
Man Tang, Yanchao Zhou, Jiayang Gao, Jingli Peng, Yuan Wang, Qirui Zhao, Lihao Liao, Kai Wang, Mengjia Pan, Meng Xing, Wen Pan, Danling Dai, Min Fu, Li Yu, Chuqing Zhang, Yuchuan Wang, Ying Zhang, Li Xu, Jing Li, Xiao Bao, Wenxian Piao, Shihong Lin, Kaibei Lu, Xuelan Zhang, Weiguo Cao, Kai Yang, Zhumei He, Shaoping Weng, Qiuyun Liu, Jianguo He
Antimicrobial peptides are components of the innate immune systems in animals and plants as natural defense against pathogens. Critical issues like manufacturing costs have to be addressed before mass production of these peptides for agriculture or community sterilizations. Here, we report a cost-effective chemical synthesis method to produce antimicrobial cocktails, which was based on the heat conjugation of amino acids in the presence of phosphoric acid and plant oil at 150 °C. The conjugates showed potent biological activities against all tested bacteria including a multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain Y5 and ampicillin resistant Pseudomonas aerugenosa ATCC9027 strain, demonstrating potential in agriculture, and prophylactic applications in hospital and community settings...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872827/rare-earth-polyoxometalates
#20
Colette Boskovic
Longstanding and important applications make use of the chemical and physical properties of both rare earth metals and polyoxometalates of early transition metals. The catalytic, optical, and magnetic features of rare earth metal ions are well-known, as are the reversible multielectron redox and photoredox capabilities of polyoxomolybdates and polyoxotungstates. The combination of rare earth ions and polyoxometalates in discrete molecules and coordination polymers is of interest for the unique combination of chemical and physical properties that can arise...
September 5, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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