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Auditory processing disorder and child

Leah N Enns, Nicole M Taylor
A variety of neurodevelopmental impairments related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnoses have been consistently documented. However, it is not clear whether such variables are predictive of a diagnosis. The purpose of the present study is to use logistic regressions to identify predictors of FASD in neuropsychological assessment. Charts of 180 children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) who underwent psychological and diagnostic assessment for FASD were retrospectively reviewed...
November 10, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Sharon Cameron, Helen Glyde, Harvey Dillon, Alison King, Karin Gillies
This article describes the development and evaluation of a national service to diagnose and remediate central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). Data were gathered from 38 participating Australian Hearing centers over an 18-month period from 666 individuals age 6, 0 (years, months) to 24, 8 (median 9, 0). A total of 408 clients were diagnosed with either a spatial processing disorder (n = 130), a verbal memory deficit (n = 174), or a binaural integration deficit (n = 104). A hierarchical test protocol was used so not all children were assessed on all tests in the battery...
November 2015: Seminars in Hearing
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Naoko Kishimoto, Yoko Nakanishi, Hiroki Matsuura, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Kosuke Okazaki, Toshifumi Kishimoto
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessive thoughts and/or compulsive behaviors, involving specific cognition and/or information processing disorders. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are commonly used as physiological measures of cognitive function. In conscious patients, ERPs are easily and non-invasively measured. Previous ERP studies have revealed differences between OCD patients and control subjects. Whether ERPs reflect the pharmacological effects of OCD treatment, particularly in treatment-naïve pediatric patients, remains unknown...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Magdalena Glod, Deborah M Riby, Emma Honey, Jacqui Rodgers
Sensory atypicalities are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To date, the relationship between sensory atypicalities in dyads of children with ASD and their parents has not been investigated. Exploring these relationships can contribute to an understanding of how phenotypic profiles may be inherited, and the extent to which familial factors might contribute towards children's sensory profiles and constitute an aspect of the broader autism phenotype (BAP). Parents of 44 children with ASD and 30 typically developing (TD) children, aged between 3 and 14 years, participated...
August 16, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Christina Gray, Emma A Climie
Reading is a multifaceted skillset that has the potential to profoundly impact a child's academic performance and achievement. Mastery of reading skills is often an area of difficulty for children during their academic journey, particularly for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Specific Learning Disorder with Impairment in Reading (SLD-R), or children with a comorbid diagnosis of both ADHD and SLD-R. ADHD is characterized by executive functioning and impulse control deficits, as well as inattention and impulsivity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
M K Rimvall, L Clemmensen, A Munkholm, C U Rask, J T Larsen, A M Skovgaard, C J P Simons, J van Os, P Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are common during development and may arise due to dysregulation in top-down processing of sensory input. This study was designed to examine the frequency and correlates of speech illusions measured using the White Noise (WN) task in children from the general population. Associations between speech illusions and putative risk factors for psychotic disorder and negative affect were examined. METHOD: A total of 1486 children aged 11-12 years of the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 were examined with the WN task...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
Daniel A Abrams, Tianwen Chen, Paola Odriozola, Katherine M Cheng, Amanda E Baker, Aarthi Padmanabhan, Srikanth Ryali, John Kochalka, Carl Feinstein, Vinod Menon
The human voice is a critical social cue, and listeners are extremely sensitive to the voices in their environment. One of the most salient voices in a child's life is mother's voice: Infants discriminate their mother's voice from the first days of life, and this stimulus is associated with guiding emotional and social function during development. Little is known regarding the functional circuits that are selectively engaged in children by biologically salient voices such as mother's voice or whether this brain activity is related to children's social communication abilities...
May 31, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chris Sidiras, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Gail D Chermak, Ioannis Nimatoudis
BACKGROUND: Including speech recognition in noise testing in audiological evaluations may reveal functional hearing deficits that may otherwise remain undetected. PURPOSE: The current study explored the potential utility of the Speech-in-Babble (SinB) test in the assessment of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in young children for whom diagnosis is challenging. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Forty-one Greek children 4-13 yr of age diagnosed with CAPD and exhibiting listening and academic problems (clinical group) and 20 age-matched controls with no listening or academic problems participated in the study...
May 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Maria Kulick Abramson, Peter J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for tests of auditory discrimination for young children as this skill plays a fundamental role in the development of speaking, prereading, reading, language, and more complex auditory processes. Frequency discrimination is important with regard to basic sensory processing affecting phonological processing, dyslexia, measurements of intelligence, auditory memory, Asperger syndrome, and specific language impairment. PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the clinical feasibility of the Pitch Discrimination Test (PDT) to screen the preschool child's ability to discriminate some of the acoustic demands of speech perception, primarily pitch discrimination, without linguistic content...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Mark VanDam, Anne S Warlaumont, Elika Bergelson, Alejandrina Cristia, Melanie Soderstrom, Paul De Palma, Brian MacWhinney
HomeBank is introduced here. It is a public, permanent, extensible, online database of daylong audio recorded in naturalistic environments. HomeBank serves two primary purposes. First, it is a repository for raw audio and associated files: one database requires special permissions, and another redacted database allows unrestricted public access. Associated files include metadata such as participant demographics and clinical diagnostics, automated annotations, and human-generated transcriptions and annotations...
May 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Caroline Nunes Rocha-Muniz, Renata Filippini, Ivone Ferreira Neves-Lobo, Camila Maia Rabelo, Aline Albuquerque Morais, Cristina Ferraz Borges Murphy, Karenina Santos Calarga, Libia Camargo Ribeiro Leite, Mayra Monteiro Pires, Taise Argolo Sena-Yoshinaga, Eliane Schochat
PURPOSE: To discuss the clinical applicability of the speech-evoked Auditory Brainstem Response (speech-evoked ABR) to help identifying auditory processing disorders. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 27 children and adolescents, aged between seven and 15, who presented abnormal speech-evoked ABR. Then, the data from the behavioral auditory processing evaluation of these individuals were surveyed. RESULTS: It was observed that, among the 27 children with abnormal speech-evoked ABR, 23 also had auditory processing disorders...
January 2016: CoDAS
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Yoko Nakanishi, Yuko Suehiro, Hiroki Matsuura, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Kosuke Okazaki, Naoko Kishimoto, Shohei Tanaka, Hidemi Iwasaka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms can continue through adolescence and adulthood, including difficulty in staying focused, paying attention, and controlling behavior, as well as hyperactivity. While children and adolescents with ADHD have functional impairments at multiple dimensions, there are no objective biological indicators to assess the severity of ADHD. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are widely used as a noninvasive method for evaluating sensory and cognitive processes involved in attention tasks...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
E Ciciriello, P Bolzonello, R Marchi, C Falzone, E Muzzi, E Orzan
The latest international guidelines highlight the importance of involving the family in the diagnostic and rehabilitation process of children affected by permanent hearing impairment. This emphasises how meaningful this approach is for the development of the deaf child. So far, there is very little evidence about this approach in Italy, and there are still some barriers to its practical management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of a strategic analysis, which identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the family empowerment process during early auditory diagnosis and rehabilitation...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
G Bastanza, R Gallus, M De Carlini, P M Picciotti, E Muzzi, E Ciciriello, E Orzan, G Conti
Diagnosis of child permanent hearing impairment (PHI) can be made with extreme timeliness compared to the past thanks to improvements in PHI identification through newborn hearing screening programmes. It now becomes essential to provide an effective amplification as quickly as possible in order to restore auditory function and favour speech and language development. The early fitting of hearing aids and possible later cochlear implantation indeed prompts the development of central auditory pathways, connections with secondary sensory brain areas, as well as with motor and articulatory cortex...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Nadia Vilela, Tatiane Faria Barrozo, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Seisse Gabriela Gandolfi Sanches, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner, Renata Mota Mamede Carvallo
OBJECTIVE: To identify a cutoff value based on the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised index that could indicate the likelihood of a child with a speech-sound disorder also having a (central) auditory processing disorder . METHODS: Language, audiological and (central) auditory processing evaluations were administered. The participants were 27 subjects with speech-sound disorders aged 7 to 10 years and 11 months who were divided into two different groups according to their (central) auditory processing evaluation results...
February 2016: Clinics
Erin E McDermott, Jennifer L Smart, Julie A Boiano, Lisa E Bragg, Tiffany N Colon, Elizabeth M Hanson, Diana C Emanuel, Andrea S Kelly
BACKGROUND: Large discrepancies exist in the literature regarding definition, diagnostic criteria, and appropriate assessment for auditory processing disorder (APD). Therefore, a battery of tests with normative data is needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to collect normative data on a variety of tests for APD on children aged 7-12 yr, and to examine effects of outside factors on test performance. RESEARCH DESIGN: Children aged 7-12 yr with normal hearing, speech and language abilities, cognition, and attention were recruited for participation in this normative data collection...
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Jay Singer, Raymond M Hurley, John P Preece
The purpose of this investigation was to determine central auditory processing (CAP) individual test efficacy and test battery efficacy and to estimate the costs that are associated with the identification of a targeted sample. Ninety-one children with normal learning (NL) abilities and 147 children with a classroom learning disability (CLD) and presumed CAP disorders (CAPDs) ranging in age from 7 to 13 years were given a battery of seven CAP tests. The test battery consisted of: (1) Binaural Fusion Test (BFT), (2) Masking Level Difference (MLD) test, (3) Filtered Speech Test (FST), (4) Time Compressed Speech (TCS) test, (5) Dichotic Digits Test (DDT), (6) Staggered Spondaic Word (SSW) test, and (7) Pitch Pattern Test (PPT)...
October 1, 1998: American Journal of Audiology
J Christopher Edgar, Rebecca Murray, Emily S Kuschner, Kevin Pratt, Douglas N Paulson, John Dell, Rachel Golembski, Peter Lam, Luke Bloy, William Gaetz, Timothy P L Roberts
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the maturation of auditory cortex responses in typically developing infants and toddlers is needed to later identify auditory processing abnormalities in infants at risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. The availability of infant and young child magnetoencephalography (MEG) systems may now provide near optimal assessment of left and right hemisphere auditory neuromagnetic responses in young populations. To assess the performance of a novel whole-head infant MEG system, a cross-sectional study examined the maturation of left and right auditory cortex responses in children 6- to 59-months of age...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Mayra Monteiro Pires, Mailce Borges Mota, Maria Madalena Canina Pinheiro
This study aims to investigate working, declarative, and procedural memory in children with (central) auditory processing disorder who showed poor phonological awareness. Thirty 9- and 10-year-old children participated in the study and were distributed into two groups: a control group consisting of 15 children with typical development, and an experimental group consisting of 15 children with (central) auditory processing disorder who were classified according to three behavioral tests and who showed poor phonological awareness in the CONFIAS test battery...
July 2015: CoDAS
Jessica E Childs, Amanda C Alvarez-Dieppa, Christa K McIntyre, Sven Kroener
Extinction describes the process of attenuating behavioral responses to neutral stimuli when they no longer provide the reinforcement that has been maintaining the behavior. There is close correspondence between fear and human anxiety, and therefore studies of extinction learning might provide insight into the biological nature of anxiety-related disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, and they might help to develop strategies to treat them. Preclinical research aims to aid extinction learning and to induce targeted plasticity in extinction circuits to consolidate the newly formed memory...
2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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