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Auditory processing disorder and child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596753/auditory-processing-after-early-left-hemisphere-injury-a-case-report
#1
Cristina Ferraz Borges Murphy, Georgios Stavrinos, Kling Chong, Tony Sirimanna, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Few studies have addressed the long-term outcomes of early brain injury, especially after hemorrhagic stroke. This is the first study to report a case of acquired auditory processing disorder in a 10-year-old child who had a severe left hemorrhagic cerebral infarction at 13 months of age, compromising nearly all of the left temporal lobe. This case, therefore, is an excellent and rare opportunity to investigate the presence of neural plasticity of central auditory system in a developing brain followed severe brain damage...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590893/acoustic-reflexes-in-normal-hearing-adults-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-suspected-auditory-processing-disorder-thresholds-real-ear-corrections-and-the-role-of-static-compliance-on-estimates
#2
Udit Saxena, Chris Allan, Prudence Allen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested elevated reflex thresholds in children with auditory processing disorders (APDs). However, some aspects of the child's ear such as ear canal volume and static compliance of the middle ear could possibly affect the measurements of reflex thresholds and thus impact its interpretation. Sound levels used to elicit reflexes in a child's ear may be higher than predicted by calibration in a standard 2-cc coupler, and lower static compliance could make visualization of very small changes in impedance at threshold difficult...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577444/auditory-processing-deficits-are-sometimes-necessary-and-sometimes-sufficient-for-language-difficulties-in-children-evidence-from-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#3
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
There is a general consensus that many children and adults with dyslexia and/or specific language impairment display deficits in auditory processing. However, how these deficits are related to developmental disorders of language is uncertain, and at least four categories of model have been proposed: single distal cause models, risk factor models, association models, and consequence models. This study used children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL) to investigate the link between auditory processing deficits and language disorders...
May 31, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436889/design-and-implementation-of-a-tactile-stimulation-device-to-increase-auditory-discrimination
#4
Shahrzad Abbasi Baharanchi, Majid MohammadBeigi, Fatemeh Abnavi, Samira Tavakol
Reading is a complex process that requires various simultaneous brain processes. One of the most common types of reading disorders is developmental dyslexia, and one of the objectives of speech therapy sessions for children with developmental dyslexia is to increase their auditory discrimination. One of the most commonly used Auditory Discrimination Tests (ADTs) is Wepman's Auditory Discrimination Test (WADT). It includes minimal pair words categorized by characteristics of vowels and consonants. The goal of this research is to design and implement a tactile stimulation device based on Wepman's test to increase auditory discrimination in children with developmental dyslexia in therapy sessions, so that while playing each word for the children, vibrational cues are presented to their left palm and fingers...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366346/sensory-profile-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-behavioral-insomnia-and-or-feeding-disorders
#5
R Tauman, H Avni, A Drori-Asayag, H Nehama, M Greenfeld, Y Leitner
BACKGROUND: Sleep and feeding difficulties are two common disorders in early childhood. It has been shown that feeding difficulties are more common among children with sleep disorders and vice versa. Since a child's characteristics play a substantial role in these two conditions, we aimed to investigate the sensory profile of infants and toddlers with behavioral insomnia (BI) or feeding disorders (FDs) in comparison with healthy age-matched controls. METHODS: Children aged 7-36 months with BI or FD were recruited from the sleep and feeding disorders clinics...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830992/factors-predictive-of-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-neuropsychological-assessment
#6
Leah N Enns, Nicole M Taylor
A variety of neurodevelopmental impairments related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnoses have been consistently documented. However, it is not clear whether such variables are predictive of a diagnosis. The purpose of the present study is to use logistic regressions to identify predictors of FASD in neuropsychological assessment. Charts of 180 children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) who underwent psychological and diagnostic assessment for FASD were retrospectively reviewed...
November 10, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587910/results-from-a-national-central-auditory-processing-disorder-service-a-real-world-assessment-of-diagnostic-practices-and-remediation-for-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#7
Sharon Cameron, Helen Glyde, Harvey Dillon, Alison King, Karin Gillies
This article describes the development and evaluation of a national service to diagnose and remediate central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). Data were gathered from 38 participating Australian Hearing centers over an 18-month period from 666 individuals age 6, 0 (years, months) to 24, 8 (median 9, 0). A total of 408 clients were diagnosed with either a spatial processing disorder (n = 130), a verbal memory deficit (n = 174), or a binaural integration deficit (n = 104). A hierarchical test protocol was used so not all children were assessed on all tests in the battery...
November 2015: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552672/a-longitudinal-event-related-potential-study-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-therapy-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients
#8
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Naoko Kishimoto, Yoko Nakanishi, Hiroki Matsuura, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Kosuke Okazaki, Toshifumi Kishimoto
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessive thoughts and/or compulsive behaviors, involving specific cognition and/or information processing disorders. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are commonly used as physiological measures of cognitive function. In conscious patients, ERPs are easily and non-invasively measured. Previous ERP studies have revealed differences between OCD patients and control subjects. Whether ERPs reflect the pharmacological effects of OCD treatment, particularly in treatment-naïve pediatric patients, remains unknown...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529166/sensory-atypicalities-in-dyads-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-their-parents
#9
Magdalena Glod, Deborah M Riby, Emma Honey, Jacqui Rodgers
Sensory atypicalities are a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To date, the relationship between sensory atypicalities in dyads of children with ASD and their parents has not been investigated. Exploring these relationships can contribute to an understanding of how phenotypic profiles may be inherited, and the extent to which familial factors might contribute towards children's sensory profiles and constitute an aspect of the broader autism phenotype (BAP). Parents of 44 children with ASD and 30 typically developing (TD) children, aged between 3 and 14 years, participated...
March 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458398/children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-reading-disability-a-review-of-the-efficacy-of-medication-treatments
#10
REVIEW
Christina Gray, Emma A Climie
Reading is a multifaceted skillset that has the potential to profoundly impact a child's academic performance and achievement. Mastery of reading skills is often an area of difficulty for children during their academic journey, particularly for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Specific Learning Disorder with Impairment in Reading (SLD-R), or children with a comorbid diagnosis of both ADHD and SLD-R. ADHD is characterized by executive functioning and impulse control deficits, as well as inattention and impulsivity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444712/introducing-the-white-noise-task-in-childhood-associations-between-speech-illusions-and-psychosis-vulnerability
#11
M K Rimvall, L Clemmensen, A Munkholm, C U Rask, J T Larsen, A M Skovgaard, C J P Simons, J van Os, P Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are common during development and may arise due to dysregulation in top-down processing of sensory input. This study was designed to examine the frequency and correlates of speech illusions measured using the White Noise (WN) task in children from the general population. Associations between speech illusions and putative risk factors for psychotic disorder and negative affect were examined. METHOD: A total of 1486 children aged 11-12 years of the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 were examined with the WN task...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185915/neural-circuits-underlying-mother-s-voice-perception-predict-social-communication-abilities-in-children
#12
Daniel A Abrams, Tianwen Chen, Paola Odriozola, Katherine M Cheng, Amanda E Baker, Aarthi Padmanabhan, Srikanth Ryali, John Kochalka, Carl Feinstein, Vinod Menon
The human voice is a critical social cue, and listeners are extremely sensitive to the voices in their environment. One of the most salient voices in a child's life is mother's voice: Infants discriminate their mother's voice from the first days of life, and this stimulus is associated with guiding emotional and social function during development. Little is known regarding the functional circuits that are selectively engaged in children by biologically salient voices such as mother's voice or whether this brain activity is related to children's social communication abilities...
May 31, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179259/assessment-of-functional-hearing-in-greek-speaking-children-diagnosed-with-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#13
Chris Sidiras, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Gail D Chermak, Ioannis Nimatoudis
BACKGROUND: Including speech recognition in noise testing in audiological evaluations may reveal functional hearing deficits that may otherwise remain undetected. PURPOSE: The current study explored the potential utility of the Speech-in-Babble (SinB) test in the assessment of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in young children for whom diagnosis is challenging. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Forty-one Greek children 4-13 yr of age diagnosed with CAPD and exhibiting listening and academic problems (clinical group) and 20 age-matched controls with no listening or academic problems participated in the study...
May 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115239/development-of-a-pitch-discrimination-screening-test-for-preschool-children
#14
Maria Kulick Abramson, Peter J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for tests of auditory discrimination for young children as this skill plays a fundamental role in the development of speaking, prereading, reading, language, and more complex auditory processes. Frequency discrimination is important with regard to basic sensory processing affecting phonological processing, dyslexia, measurements of intelligence, auditory memory, Asperger syndrome, and specific language impairment. PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the clinical feasibility of the Pitch Discrimination Test (PDT) to screen the preschool child's ability to discriminate some of the acoustic demands of speech perception, primarily pitch discrimination, without linguistic content...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111272/homebank-an-online-repository-of-daylong-child-centered-audio-recordings
#15
Mark VanDam, Anne S Warlaumont, Elika Bergelson, Alejandrina Cristia, Melanie Soderstrom, Paul De Palma, Brian MacWhinney
HomeBank is introduced here. It is a public, permanent, extensible, online database of daylong audio recorded in naturalistic environments. HomeBank serves two primary purposes. First, it is a repository for raw audio and associated files: one database requires special permissions, and another redacted database allows unrestricted public access. Associated files include metadata such as participant demographics and clinical diagnostics, automated annotations, and human-generated transcriptions and annotations...
May 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074194/can-speech-evoked-auditory-brainstem-response-become-a-useful-tool-in-clinical-practice
#16
Caroline Nunes Rocha-Muniz, Renata Filippini, Ivone Ferreira Neves-Lobo, Camila Maia Rabelo, Aline Albuquerque Morais, Cristina Ferraz Borges Murphy, Karenina Santos Calarga, Libia Camargo Ribeiro Leite, Mayra Monteiro Pires, Taise Argolo Sena-Yoshinaga, Eliane Schochat
PURPOSE: To discuss the clinical applicability of the speech-evoked Auditory Brainstem Response (speech-evoked ABR) to help identifying auditory processing disorders. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 27 children and adolescents, aged between seven and 15, who presented abnormal speech-evoked ABR. Then, the data from the behavioral auditory processing evaluation of these individuals were surveyed. RESULTS: It was observed that, among the 27 children with abnormal speech-evoked ABR, 23 also had auditory processing disorders...
January 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055108/event-related-potentials-correlate-with-the-severity-of-child-and-adolescent-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Yoko Nakanishi, Yuko Suehiro, Hiroki Matsuura, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Kosuke Okazaki, Naoko Kishimoto, Shohei Tanaka, Hidemi Iwasaka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms can continue through adolescence and adulthood, including difficulty in staying focused, paying attention, and controlling behavior, as well as hyperactivity. While children and adolescents with ADHD have functional impairments at multiple dimensions, there are no objective biological indicators to assess the severity of ADHD. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are widely used as a noninvasive method for evaluating sensory and cognitive processes involved in attention tasks...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054393/empowering-the-family-during-the-first-months-after-identification-of-permanent-hearing-impairment-in-children
#18
E Ciciriello, P Bolzonello, R Marchi, C Falzone, E Muzzi, E Orzan
The latest international guidelines highlight the importance of involving the family in the diagnostic and rehabilitation process of children affected by permanent hearing impairment. This emphasises how meaningful this approach is for the development of the deaf child. So far, there is very little evidence about this approach in Italy, and there are still some barriers to its practical management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of a strategic analysis, which identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the family empowerment process during early auditory diagnosis and rehabilitation...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054389/achieving-effective-hearing-aid-fitting-within-one-month-after-identification-of-childhood-permanent-hearing-impairment
#19
G Bastanza, R Gallus, M De Carlini, P M Picciotti, E Muzzi, E Ciciriello, E Orzan, G Conti
Diagnosis of child permanent hearing impairment (PHI) can be made with extreme timeliness compared to the past thanks to improvements in PHI identification through newborn hearing screening programmes. It now becomes essential to provide an effective amplification as quickly as possible in order to restore auditory function and favour speech and language development. The early fitting of hearing aids and possible later cochlear implantation indeed prompts the development of central auditory pathways, connections with secondary sensory brain areas, as well as with motor and articulatory cortex...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934233/the-influence-of-central-auditory-processing-disorder-on-the-severity-of-speech-sound-disorders-in-children
#20
Nadia Vilela, Tatiane Faria Barrozo, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Seisse Gabriela Gandolfi Sanches, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner, Renata Mota Mamede Carvallo
OBJECTIVE: To identify a cutoff value based on the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised index that could indicate the likelihood of a child with a speech-sound disorder also having a (central) auditory processing disorder . METHODS: Language, audiological and (central) auditory processing evaluations were administered. The participants were 27 subjects with speech-sound disorders aged 7 to 10 years and 11 months who were divided into two different groups according to their (central) auditory processing evaluation results...
February 2016: Clinics
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