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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132193/impact-of-supervised-student-optometry-consultations-on-the-patient-experience
#1
Sharon A Bentley, Jane E Trevaskis, Craig A Woods, Daryl Guest, Kathleen G Watt
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perceptions of having students involved in their clinical care is important as we strive to develop optimal models of care that integrate teaching with the best possible experience for the patient. The aim was to ascertain the impact of supervised optometry student consultations on the patient experience. METHODS: A survey comprising 45 questions was mailed to consecutive adult patients who had undergone a comprehensive eye examination at the Australian College of Optometry over a four-week period...
November 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063356/changing-trends-in-postoperative-cataract-care-impact-of-electronic-patient-records-in-optometrist-delivered-shared-care
#2
A M Mongan, F Kerins, B McKenna, S M Quinn, P Mullaney
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates a community optometrist-delivered postoperative care scheme in patients discharged from the hospital ophthalmology department following uncomplicated cataract surgery. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of electronic patient records (EPR) in facilitating co-managed cataract care. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained Medisoft EPR database of postoperative cataract review data at a single centre, Sligo University Hospital (SUH), which serves a large and predominantly rural catchment area...
October 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044669/the-advantages-of-intermediate-tier-inter-optometric-referral-of-low-risk-pigmented-lesions
#3
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Michael Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis
PURPOSE: Pigmented ocular lesions are commonly encountered by eye-care professionals, and range from benign to sight or life-threatening. After identifying a lesion, the primary care professional must establish the likely diagnosis and decide either to reassure, to monitor or to refer. The increasing use of ocular imaging technologies has contributed to an increase in the detection rate of pigmented lesions and a higher number of referrals, which may challenge existing pathways of health-care delivery...
November 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985410/distribution-of-optometric-practices-relative-to-deprivation-index-in-scotland
#4
Robin Legge, Niall C Strang, Gunter Loffler
Background: The UK National Health Service aims to provide universal availability of healthcare, and eye-care availability was a primary driver in the development of the Scottish General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) model. Accordingly, a relatively equal distribution of optometry practices across socio-economic areas is required. We examined practice distribution relative to deprivation. Methods: 672 practices were sampled from nine Health Boards within Scotland. Practices were assigned a deprivation ranking by referencing their postcode with the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) tool (Scottish Executive National Statistics: General Report...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964434/cost-utility-analysis-of-extending-public-health-insurance-coverage-to-include-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-by-optometrists
#5
Sasha van Katwyk, Ya-Ping Jin, Graham E Trope, Yvonne Buys, Lisa Masucci, Richard Wedge, John Flanagan, Michael H Brent, Sherif El-Defrawy, Hong Anh Tu, Kednapa Thavorn
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness in Canada. Eye examinations play an important role in early detection. However, DR screening by optometrists is not always universally covered by public or private health insurance plans. This study assessed whether expanding public health coverage to include diabetic eye examinations for retinopathy by optometrists is cost-effective from the perspective of the health care system. METHODS: We conducted a cost-utility analysis of extended coverage for diabetic eye examinations in Prince Edward Island to include examinations by optometrists, not currently publicly covered...
September 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913514/the-incidence-of-needle-stick-and-sharp-injuries-and-their-associations-with-visual-function-among-hospital-nurses
#6
Mohammad Ghasemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Payam Nabovati
PURPOSE: To determine the one-year incidence of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs and SIs) and their associations with visual function among Iranian nurses. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 278 nurses working at one hospital were selected through stratified random sampling. After applying the exclusion criteria, the final analysis was performed on the data of 267 nurses. The data of occupational injuries were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891727/methodology-of-the-zoc-bhvi-high-myopia-cohort-study-the-onset-and-progression-of-myopic-pathologies-and-associated-risk-factors-in-highly-myopic-chinese
#7
Yanxian Chen, Ou Xiao, Xinxing Guo, Decai Wang, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Ian Morgan, Mingguang He
PURPOSE: The increasing prevalence of high myopia and its associated pathologies has raised challenges to ophthalmic services. This project aims to explore the onset and progression of myopic pathologies in highly myopic eyes through a prospective research cohort established in South China. METHODS: Patients with high myopia (sphere ≤ -6.00 D) visiting the optometric clinic of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC) were invited to participate in the baseline examinations and follow-up visit over a 10-year period...
September 11, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868651/the-effects-of-preterm-birth-on-visual-development
#8
REVIEW
Myra Ps Leung, Benjamin Thompson, Joanna Black, Shuan Dai, Jane M Alsweiler
Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care...
September 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815736/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-contact-lens-related-microbial-keratitis
#9
REVIEW
Nicole Carnt, Chameen Samarawickrama, Andrew White, Fiona Stapleton
Contact lens-associated microbial keratitis poses a diagnostic dilemma for optometrists on two fronts. The distinction between sterile inflammation and microbial infection is often blurred. In addition, there is a requirement with nearly 50 per cent of the Australian and New Zealand optometric profession being therapeutically endorsed, to distinguish between cases of infection that can be managed in the community verses those that require escalation to public hospitals that have access to laboratory diagnostic tools and advanced imaging techniques, such as in vivo confocal microscopy...
August 16, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745658/-results-of-corneal-crosslinking-for-pellucid-marginal-corneal-degeneration
#11
M M Bikbov, V K Surkova, A R Khalimov, E L Usubov
AIM: to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of crosslinking in patients with progressive pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 9 patients (16 eyes) with progressive PMCD were treated by standard crosslinking. The cornea was saturated with Dextralink solution and UV-A irradiated at 3 mW/cm2 for 30 minutes. The follow-up period was 12 months. RESULTS: One month after treatment, there was a slight decrease in uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA) - from 0...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726257/recommendations-for-analysis-of-repeated-measures-designs-testing-and-correcting-for-sphericity-and-use-of-manova-and-mixed-model-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Richard A Armstrong
PURPOSE: A common experimental design in ophthalmic research is the repeated-measures design in which at least one variable is a within-subject factor. This design is vulnerable to lack of 'sphericity' which assumes that the variances of the differences among all possible pairs of within-subject means are equal. Traditionally, this design has been analysed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance (RM-anova) but increasingly more complex methods such as multivariate anova (manova) and mixed model analysis (MMA) are being used...
September 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718219/barriers-to-glaucoma-case-finding-as-perceived-by-optometrists-in-ireland
#13
Catriona Barrett, Colm O'Brien, John S Butler, James Loughman
BACKGROUND: This research was designed to provide an in-depth exploration of the perceptions of optometrists relating to the challenges of glaucoma case finding in the Irish health-care system. METHODS: A survey was developed, piloted and distributed for anonymous completion by optometrists registered to practise in Ireland. The survey included 10 five-level Likert items exploring potential barriers to glaucoma detection and a free-text box for participants to comment more broadly...
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676352/assessment-of-neuro-optometric-rehabilitation-using-the-developmental-eye-movement-dem-test-in-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#14
Neera Kapoor, Kenneth Joseph Ciuffreda
PURPOSE: This pilot study sought to determine the efficacy of using the Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test in the adult, acquired brain injury (ABI) population to quantify clinically the effects of controlled, laboratory-performed, oculomotor-based vision therapy/vision rehabilitation. METHODS: Nine adult subjects with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and five with stroke were assessed before and after an eight-week, computer-based, versional oculomotor (fixation, saccades, pursuit, and simulated reading) training program (9...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658589/the-prevalence-of-age-related-eye-disease-in-an-elderly-population
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Payam Nabovati, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Shokrolah Shafaee, Asgar Doostdar, AbbasAli Yekta
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Iranians over the age of 54 years. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study using randomized cluster sampling, 60 clusters were selected in Sari, a city in the North of Iran. In each cluster, 20 people over 54 years of age were chosen systematically and were invited to participate in the study. After enrollment, all participants had optometric and ophthalmologic exams including slit lamp biomicroscopy and fundoscopy...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656674/saccades-and-fixations-in-children-with-delayed-reading-skills
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Valldeflors Vinuela-Navarro, Jonathan T Erichsen, Cathy Williams, J Margaret Woodhouse
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that eye movements differ between good/average and poor readers. However, these studies have been limited to investigating eye movements during reading related tasks, and thus, the differences found could arise from deficits in higher cognitive processes involved in reading rather than oculomotor performance. The purpose of the study is to determine the extent to which eye movements in children with delayed reading skills are different to those obtained from children with good/average reading skills in non-reading related tasks...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597930/infection-control-guidelines-for-optometrists-2016
#17
Ka-Yee Lian, Genevieve Napper, Fiona J Stapleton, Patricia M Kiely
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an updated version of the paper: Infection control guidelines for optometrists 2007. METHODS: Information from peer-reviewed journal articles, guidelines from professional societies, and government health department and other websites and instructions from equipment manufacturers were considered in determining infection risk factors in optometric practice. They were used to revise the recommendations on disinfection, sterilisation and reprocessing procedures for instrumentation and other equipment used in optometric practice as well as personal infection control measures to be undertaken by staff...
July 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538612/scleral-contact-lenses-in-an-academic-oculoplastics-clinic-epidemiology-and-emerging-considerations
#18
Harinder S Chahal, Marcela Estrada, Christine W Sindt, Jacob A Boehme, Mark A Greiner, Jeffrey A Nerad, Keith D Carter, Richard C Allen, Erin M Shriver
PURPOSE: To describe the role and efficacy of scleral contact lenses (SCLs) in the treatment of progressive keratopathy in patients who have undergone periocular surgical procedures, to investigate the financial impact of these surgical interventions, and to demonstrate the role of oculoplastic surgery in improving scleral contact lens fit. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed to identify patients who both received SCLs and were examined by the oculoplastics service at the University of Iowa between January 1990 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508209/estimates-of-underwater-and-aerial-visual-acuity-in-the-european-beaver-castor-fiber-l-based-on-morphological-data
#19
A M Mass, A Ya Supin
The eye optics and topographic distribution of ganglion cells were studied using whole mount preparations from European beaver Castor fiber L. The beaver eye optics provides emmetropia in air and hypermetropia in water. The optometrical measurements predict retinal resolution of the beaver eye around 17' in air and 9' in water. In air, retinal resolution corresponds to the real visual acuity, whereas in water, visual acuity is below the retinal resolution because of the non-precise focusing.
March 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470770/a-proposed-minimum-data-set-for-international-primary-care-optometry-a-modified-delphi-study
#20
Christopher J Davey, Sarah V Slade, Darren Shickle
PURPOSE: To identify a minimum list of metrics of international relevance to public health, research and service development which can be extracted from practice management systems and electronic patient records in primary optometric practice. METHODS: A two stage modified Delphi technique was used. Stage 1 categorised metrics that may be recorded as being part of a primary eye examination by their importance to research using the results from a previous survey of 40 vision science and public health academics...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
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