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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745658/-results-of-corneal-crosslinking-for-pellucid-marginal-corneal-degeneration
#2
M M Bikbov, V K Surkova, A R Khalimov, E L Usubov
AIM: to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of crosslinking in patients with progressive pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 9 patients (16 eyes) with progressive PMCD were treated by standard crosslinking. The cornea was saturated with Dextralink solution and UV-A irradiated at 3 mW/cm2 for 30 minutes. The follow-up period was 12 months. RESULTS: One month after treatment, there was a slight decrease in uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity (UCVA and BCVA) - from 0...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726257/statistical-review-recommendations-for-analysis-of-repeated-measures-designs-testing-and-correcting-for-sphericity-and-use-of-manova-and-mixed-model-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Richard A Armstrong
PURPOSE: A common experimental design in ophthalmic research is the repeated-measures design in which at least one variable is a within-subject factor. This design is vulnerable to lack of 'sphericity' which assumes that the variances of the differences among all possible pairs of within-subject means are equal. Traditionally, this design has been analysed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance (RM-anova) but increasingly more complex methods such as multivariate anova (manova) and mixed model analysis (MMA) are being used...
July 20, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718219/barriers-to-glaucoma-case-finding-as-perceived-by-optometrists-in-ireland
#4
Catriona Barrett, Colm O'Brien, John S Butler, James Loughman
BACKGROUND: This research was designed to provide an in-depth exploration of the perceptions of optometrists relating to the challenges of glaucoma case finding in the Irish health-care system. METHODS: A survey was developed, piloted and distributed for anonymous completion by optometrists registered to practise in Ireland. The survey included 10 five-level Likert items exploring potential barriers to glaucoma detection and a free-text box for participants to comment more broadly...
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676352/assessment-of-neuro-optometric-rehabilitation-using-the-developmental-eye-movement-dem-test-in-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#5
Neera Kapoor, Kenneth Joseph Ciuffreda
PURPOSE: This pilot study sought to determine the efficacy of using the Developmental Eye Movement (DEM) test in the adult, acquired brain injury (ABI) population to quantify clinically the effects of controlled, laboratory-performed, oculomotor-based vision therapy/vision rehabilitation. METHODS: Nine adult subjects with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and five with stroke were assessed before and after an eight-week, computer-based, versional oculomotor (fixation, saccades, pursuit, and simulated reading) training program (9...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658589/the-prevalence-of-age-related-eye-disease-in-an-elderly-population
#6
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Payam Nabovati, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Shokrolah Shafaee, Asgar Doostdar, AbbasAli Yekta
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Iranians over the age of 54 years. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study using randomized cluster sampling, 60 clusters were selected in Sari, a city in the North of Iran. In each cluster, 20 people over 54 years of age were chosen systematically and were invited to participate in the study. After enrollment, all participants had optometric and ophthalmologic exams including slit lamp biomicroscopy and fundoscopy...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656674/saccades-and-fixations-in-children-with-delayed-reading-skills
#7
Valldeflors Vinuela-Navarro, Jonathan T Erichsen, Cathy Williams, J Margaret Woodhouse
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that eye movements differ between good/average and poor readers. However, these studies have been limited to investigating eye movements during reading related tasks, and thus, the differences found could arise from deficits in higher cognitive processes involved in reading rather than oculomotor performance. The purpose of the study is to determine the extent to which eye movements in children with delayed reading skills are different to those obtained from children with good/average reading skills in non-reading related tasks...
July 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597930/infection-control-guidelines-for-optometrists-2016
#8
Ka-Yee Lian, Genevieve Napper, Fiona J Stapleton, Patricia M Kiely
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an updated version of the paper: Infection control guidelines for optometrists 2007. METHODS: Information from peer-reviewed journal articles, guidelines from professional societies, and government health department and other websites and instructions from equipment manufacturers were considered in determining infection risk factors in optometric practice. They were used to revise the recommendations on disinfection, sterilisation and reprocessing procedures for instrumentation and other equipment used in optometric practice as well as personal infection control measures to be undertaken by staff...
June 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538612/scleral-contact-lenses-in-an-academic-oculoplastics-clinic-epidemiology-and-emerging-considerations
#9
Harinder S Chahal, Marcela Estrada, Christine W Sindt, Jacob A Boehme, Mark A Greiner, Jeffrey A Nerad, Keith D Carter, Richard C Allen, Erin M Shriver
PURPOSE: To describe the role and efficacy of scleral contact lenses (SCLs) in the treatment of progressive keratopathy in patients who have undergone periocular surgical procedures, to investigate the financial impact of these surgical interventions, and to demonstrate the role of oculoplastic surgery in improving scleral contact lens fit. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed to identify patients who both received SCLs and were examined by the oculoplastics service at the University of Iowa between January 1990 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508209/estimates-of-underwater-and-aerial-visual-acuity-in-the-european-beaver-castor-fiber-l-based-on-morphological-data
#10
A M Mass, A Ya Supin
The eye optics and topographic distribution of ganglion cells were studied using whole mount preparations from European beaver Castor fiber L. The beaver eye optics provides emmetropia in air and hypermetropia in water. The optometrical measurements predict retinal resolution of the beaver eye around 17' in air and 9' in water. In air, retinal resolution corresponds to the real visual acuity, whereas in water, visual acuity is below the retinal resolution because of the non-precise focusing.
March 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470770/a-proposed-minimum-data-set-for-international-primary-care-optometry-a-modified-delphi-study
#11
Christopher J Davey, Sarah V Slade, Darren Shickle
PURPOSE: To identify a minimum list of metrics of international relevance to public health, research and service development which can be extracted from practice management systems and electronic patient records in primary optometric practice. METHODS: A two stage modified Delphi technique was used. Stage 1 categorised metrics that may be recorded as being part of a primary eye examination by their importance to research using the results from a previous survey of 40 vision science and public health academics...
May 4, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463575/the-prevalence-of-strabismus-heterophorias-and-their-associated-factors-in-underserved-rural-areas-of-iran
#12
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Bardia Behnia, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of different types of strabismus and heterophoria and their associated factors in underserved rural areas of Iran. METHODS: Two rural areas in the north and southwest of Iran were randomly sampled using multistage cluster sampling. Individuals aged over 1 year, totaling 3851, were invited to participate in the study. In addition to collecting demographic data, optometric examinations were performed for each participant. Unilateral and alternating cover tests were performed at far (6 m) and near (40 cm) to detect tropia and phoria, respectively, and the magnitude of the deviation was measured using alternating cover test and prism bar...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430177/the-prevalence-of-visual-impairment-and-blindness-in-underserved-rural-areas-a-crucial-issue-for-future
#13
H Hashemi, A Yekta, E Jafarzadehpur, A Doostdar, H Ostadimoghaddam, M Khabazkhoob
PurposeTo determine the prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in underserved Iranian villages and to identify the most common cause of visual impairment and blindness.Patients and methodsMultistage cluster sampling was used to select the participants who were then invited to undergo complete examinations. Optometric examinations including visual acuity, and refraction were performed for all individuals. Ophthalmic examinations included slit-lamp biomicroscopy and ophthalmoscopy. Visual impairment was determined according to the definitions of the WHO and presenting vision...
August 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386574/quantitative-electroencephalograms-and-neuro-optometry-a-case-study-that-explores-changes-in-electrophysiology-while-wearing-therapeutic-eyeglasses
#14
Deborah Zelinsky, Corey Feinberg
The brain is equipped with a complex system for processing sensory information, including retinal circuitry comprising part of the central nervous system. Retinal stimulation can influence brain function via customized eyeglasses at both subcortical and cortical levels. We investigated cortical effects from wearing therapeutic eyeglasses, hypothesizing that they can create measureable changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) tracings. A Z-Bell(SM) test was performed on a participant to select optimal lenses. An EEG measurement was recorded before and after the participant wore the eyeglasses...
January 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332896/the-distribution-of-macular-thickness-and-its-determinants-in-a-healthy-population
#15
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, AbbasAli Yekta, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Payam Nabovati, Akbar Fotouhi
PURPOSE: To determine the distribution of macular thickness in a healthy Iranian population aged 45-69 years and its association with certain determinants. METHODS: All participants underwent optometric examinations including measurement of uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, objective refraction by retinoscopy, and subjective refraction. Subsequently, all participants underwent slit-lamp biomicroscopy followed by fundus examination through direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging under pupil dilation...
March 23, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325632/current-optometric-practices-and-attitudes-in-keratoconus-patient-management
#16
Sara Ortiz-Toquero, Raul Martin
PURPOSE: To compare the current optometric practices and attitudes in the management of keratoconus patients in the UK and Spain. METHODS: An online survey (adapted to optometric practices) was distributed via a newsletter emailed by various professional organizations in the UK and Spain. RESULTS: Four hundred and sixty-four practitioners (126 in the UK; 338 in Spain) who prescribed gas permeable GP contact lenses (CLs) more than once per month (54...
August 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273318/functional-outcomes-of-the-low-vision-depression-prevention-trial-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashley D Deemer, Robert W Massof, Barry W Rovner, Robin J Casten, Catherine V Piersol
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266060/self-reported-optometric-practise-patterns-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Barbara Zangerl, Nagi Assaad, Michael Kalloniatis
BACKGROUND: The use of advanced imaging in clinical practice is emerging and the use of this technology by optometrists in assessing patients with age-related macular degeneration is of interest. Therefore, this study explored contemporary, self-reported patterns of practice regarding age-related macular degeneration diagnosis and management using a cross-sectional survey of optometrists in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Practising optometrists were surveyed on four key areas, namely, demographics, clinical skills and experience, assessment and management of age-related macular degeneration...
March 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237358/audio-visual-interaction-in-visual-motion-detection-synchrony-versus-asynchrony
#19
Stephanie Rosemann, Inga-Maria Wefel, Volkan Elis, Manfred Fahle
OBJECTIVE: Detection and identification of moving targets is of paramount importance in everyday life, even if it is not widely tested in optometric practice, mostly for technical reasons. There are clear indications in the literature that in perception of moving targets, vision and hearing interact, for example in noisy surrounds and in understanding speech. The main aim of visual perception, the ability that optometry aims to optimize, is the identification of objects, from everyday objects to letters, but also the spatial orientation of subjects in natural surrounds...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#20
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
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