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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#1
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719636/effect-of-cycloplegia-on-corneal-biometrics-and-refractive-state
#2
Abbas Bagheri, Mohadeseh Feizi, Aliakbar Shafii, Amir Faramarzi, Mehdi Tavakoli, Shahin Yazdani
Purpose: To determine changes in refractive state and corneal parameters after cycloplegia with cyclopentolate hydrochloride 1% using a dual Scheimpflug imaging system. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study patients aged 10 to 40 years who were referred for optometric evaluation enrolled and underwent autorefraction and corneal imaging with the Galilei dual Scheimpflug system before and 30 minutes after twice instillation of medication. Changes in refraction and astigmatism were investigated...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650469/expanding-the-traditional-role-of-optometry-current-practice-patterns-and-attitudes-to-enhanced-glaucoma-services-in-ireland
#3
Catriona Barrett, James Loughman
PURPOSE: To investigate current diagnostic equipment availability and usage for glaucoma case-finding within community optometric practice, and to explore optometrists' attitudes towards an enhanced scope of clinical practice. METHODS: An anonymous survey was developed, validated, and distributed to all optometrists in Ireland. RESULTS: 199 optometrists (27% of registrants) responded to the survey. 87% had access to the traditional triad of tests necessary to conduct adequate glaucoma case finding...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602686/prevalence-of-esophoria-in-concussed-patients
#4
Barry Tannen, Kalynn Good, Kenneth J Ciuffreda, Kelsey J Moore
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of esophoria at near in concussed patients in a neuro-optometric private practice setting. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed involving a chart review in a neuro-optometric, private practice setting of consecutive patients with a medical diagnosis of concussion from January 1st 2016 to December 31st 2016. A total of 71 patients were included in the analysis. All received a comprehensive vision examination, with a near vision emphasis...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572957/optometric-infection-control-guidelines-assessing-patients-with-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
REVIEW
Tammy Labreche, Sarah MacIver, Nadine M Furtado
The purpose of this scoping review was to present the state of research regarding optometric infection control guidelines for the assessment of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and to identify any areas requiring further research. Twelve articles were carefully chosen for review. Data extracted included information regarding appropriate handwashing methods (five articles), indications for use of personal protective equipment (one article), management of surfaces that come in contact with an MRSA-infected person (three articles), recommendations for patient appointment scheduling/seating (three articles) and suggestions for staff training (three articles)...
March 23, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561504/meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-a-youthful-clinical-sample-in-ghana
#6
Kofi Asiedu, Samuel Kyei, Selassie K Dzasimatu, Enyam K A Morny
SIGNIFICANCE: This study showed a high frequency of nonobvious obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction, which can be detected only via the expression of the meibomian glands. The study advocates that meibomian gland expressibility should be a routine part of the clinical examination of patients especially those with dry eyes to avoid missing meibomian gland dysfunction among a youthful population. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of meibomian gland dysfunction including asymptomatic and symptomatic meibomian gland dysfunction and obvious and nonobvious obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction among a youthful population in Ghana...
March 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546420/monitoring-vha-optometric-eye-exam-services-nation-wide-2014-2016
#7
Gregory Fant, Lisa Backus
Introduction: It is important to monitor the use of optometric services by Veterans and consider the implications for other optometric and vision rehabilitation services. We did not find public health reports documenting the recent utilization of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) optometric eye exam services. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in this secondary data analysis report. We were interested in reporting on the number of Veterans using the VHA system with at least one VHA optometric eye exam service in 2014, 2015, or 2016 within a VHA optometry clinic...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492992/glaucoma-referral-refinement-in-ireland-managing-the-sensitivity-specificity-paradox-in-optometric-practice
#8
Catriona Barrett, Colm O'Brien, James Loughman
PURPOSE: Glaucoma referral refinement (GRR) has proven a successful demand management strategy for glaucoma suspect cases in the United Kingdom (UK). A GRR clinic was established in Dublin, Ireland to investigate the clinical viability of this pathway outside the UK's National Health Service (NHS) structures, and away from the influence of National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance. METHODS: Glaucoma suspect patients were recruited into the scheme following referral from community optometrists in the greater Dublin area...
February 28, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323426/vision-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-critical-review
#9
REVIEW
Julie-Anne Little
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1-2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. From this work, it is clear that individuals with ASD 'see' and process the world differently, but there remain gaps in our understanding...
January 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303871/a-systematic-evaluation-of-state-laws-governing-optometric-glaucoma-management-in-the-united-states-upto-2015
#10
Kevin Chodnicki, Sachin Kalarn, Laura Quinn, Henry Jampel, Osamah Saeedi
PURPOSE: To describe state laws that govern the optometric practice of glaucoma management in the United States and to correlate those laws with state demographics upto 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional ecological study of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. Regulations governing optometric scope of practice as written by each state Board of Optometry were reviewed. Specific optometric privileges assessed included: ability to manage glaucoma independently, use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents, use of therapeutic pharmaceutical agents (including topical and oral steroids and other oral pharmaceutical agents), IV injections, intraocular injections, therapeutic lasers, presence of defined referral, and comanagement guidelines, and hours of yearly continuing education needed for glaucoma management...
March 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132193/impact-of-supervised-student-optometry-consultations-on-the-patient-experience
#11
Sharon A Bentley, Jane E Trevaskis, Craig A Woods, Daryl Guest, Kathleen G Watt
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perceptions of having students involved in their clinical care is important as we strive to develop optimal models of care that integrate teaching with the best possible experience for the patient. The aim was to ascertain the impact of supervised optometry student consultations on the patient experience. METHODS: A survey comprising 45 questions was mailed to consecutive adult patients who had undergone a comprehensive eye examination at the Australian College of Optometry over a four-week period...
March 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063356/changing-trends-in-postoperative-cataract-care-impact-of-electronic-patient-records-in-optometrist-delivered-shared-care
#12
A M Mongan, F Kerins, B McKenna, S M Quinn, P Mullaney
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates a community optometrist-delivered postoperative care scheme in patients discharged from the hospital ophthalmology department following uncomplicated cataract surgery. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of electronic patient records (EPR) in facilitating co-managed cataract care. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained Medisoft EPR database of postoperative cataract review data at a single centre, Sligo University Hospital (SUH), which serves a large and predominantly rural catchment area...
October 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044669/the-advantages-of-intermediate-tier-inter-optometric-referral-of-low-risk-pigmented-lesions
#13
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Michael Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis
PURPOSE: Pigmented ocular lesions are commonly encountered by eye-care professionals, and range from benign to sight or life-threatening. After identifying a lesion, the primary care professional must establish the likely diagnosis and decide either to reassure, to monitor or to refer. The increasing use of ocular imaging technologies has contributed to an increase in the detection rate of pigmented lesions and a higher number of referrals, which may challenge existing pathways of health-care delivery...
November 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985410/distribution-of-optometric-practices-relative-to-deprivation-index-in-scotland
#14
Robin Legge, Niall C Strang, Gunter Loffler
Background: The UK National Health Service aims to provide universal availability of healthcare, and eye-care availability was a primary driver in the development of the Scottish General Ophthalmic Services (GOS) model. Accordingly, a relatively equal distribution of optometry practices across socio-economic areas is required. We examined practice distribution relative to deprivation. Methods: 672 practices were sampled from nine Health Boards within Scotland. Practices were assigned a deprivation ranking by referencing their postcode with the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) tool (Scottish Executive National Statistics: General Report...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964434/cost-utility-analysis-of-extending-public-health-insurance-coverage-to-include-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-by-optometrists
#15
Sasha van Katwyk, Ya-Ping Jin, Graham E Trope, Yvonne Buys, Lisa Masucci, Richard Wedge, John Flanagan, Michael H Brent, Sherif El-Defrawy, Hong Anh Tu, Kednapa Thavorn
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness in Canada. Eye examinations play an important role in early detection. However, DR screening by optometrists is not always universally covered by public or private health insurance plans. This study assessed whether expanding public health coverage to include diabetic eye examinations for retinopathy by optometrists is cost-effective from the perspective of the health care system. METHODS: We conducted a cost-utility analysis of extended coverage for diabetic eye examinations in Prince Edward Island to include examinations by optometrists, not currently publicly covered...
September 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913514/the-incidence-of-needle-stick-and-sharp-injuries-and-their-associations-with-visual-function-among-hospital-nurses
#16
Mohammad Ghasemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hassan Hashemi, Abbasali Yekta, Payam Nabovati
PURPOSE: To determine the one-year incidence of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs and SIs) and their associations with visual function among Iranian nurses. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 278 nurses working at one hospital were selected through stratified random sampling. After applying the exclusion criteria, the final analysis was performed on the data of 267 nurses. The data of occupational injuries were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891727/methodology-of-the-zoc-bhvi-high-myopia-cohort-study-the-onset-and-progression-of-myopic-pathologies-and-associated-risk-factors-in-highly-myopic-chinese
#17
Yanxian Chen, Ou Xiao, Xinxing Guo, Decai Wang, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Ian Morgan, Mingguang He
PURPOSE: The increasing prevalence of high myopia and its associated pathologies has raised challenges to ophthalmic services. This project aims to explore the onset and progression of myopic pathologies in highly myopic eyes through a prospective research cohort established in South China. METHODS: Patients with high myopia (sphere ≤ -6.00 D) visiting the optometric clinic of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC) were invited to participate in the baseline examinations and follow-up visit over a 10-year period...
February 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868651/the-effects-of-preterm-birth-on-visual-development
#18
REVIEW
Myra Ps Leung, Benjamin Thompson, Joanna Black, Shuan Dai, Jane M Alsweiler
Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care...
January 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815736/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-contact-lens-related-microbial-keratitis
#19
REVIEW
Nicole Carnt, Chameen Samarawickrama, Andrew White, Fiona Stapleton
Contact lens-associated microbial keratitis poses a diagnostic dilemma for optometrists on two fronts. The distinction between sterile inflammation and microbial infection is often blurred. In addition, there is a requirement with nearly 50 per cent of the Australian and New Zealand optometric profession being therapeutically endorsed, to distinguish between cases of infection that can be managed in the community verses those that require escalation to public hospitals that have access to laboratory diagnostic tools and advanced imaging techniques, such as in vivo confocal microscopy...
September 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805289/identifying-and-assessing-strategies-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-mobile-eye-health-units-on-health-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Shiwan Fu, Angus Turner, Irene Tan, Josephine Muir
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess strategies for evaluating the impact of mobile eye health units on health outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. SETTING: Worldwide. PARTICIPANTS: Peer-reviewed journal articles that included the use of a mobile eye health unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Journal articles were included if outcome measures reflected an assessment of the impact of a mobile eye health unit on health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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