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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273318/functional-outcomes-of-the-low-vision-depression-prevention-trial-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#1
Ashley D Deemer, Robert W Massof, Barry W Rovner, Robin J Casten, Catherine V Piersol
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266060/self-reported-optometric-practise-patterns-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#2
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Barbara Zangerl, Nagi Assaad, Michael Kalloniatis
BACKGROUND: The use of advanced imaging in clinical practice is emerging and the use of this technology by optometrists in assessing patients with age-related macular degeneration is of interest. Therefore, this study explored contemporary, self-reported patterns of practice regarding age-related macular degeneration diagnosis and management using a cross-sectional survey of optometrists in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Practising optometrists were surveyed on four key areas, namely, demographics, clinical skills and experience, assessment and management of age-related macular degeneration...
March 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237358/audio-visual-interaction-in-visual-motion-detection-synchrony-versus-asynchrony
#3
Stephanie Rosemann, Inga-Maria Wefel, Volkan Elis, Manfred Fahle
OBJECTIVE: Detection and identification of moving targets is of paramount importance in everyday life, even if it is not widely tested in optometric practice, mostly for technical reasons. There are clear indications in the literature that in perception of moving targets, vision and hearing interact, for example in noisy surrounds and in understanding speech. The main aim of visual perception, the ability that optometry aims to optimize, is the identification of objects, from everyday objects to letters, but also the spatial orientation of subjects in natural surrounds...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#4
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105775/concordance-correlation-coefficients-estimated-by-generalized-estimating-equations-and-variance-components-for-longitudinal-repeated-measurements
#5
Miao-Yu Tsai
The concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) is a commonly accepted measure of agreement between two observers for continuous responses. This paper proposes a generalized estimating equations (GEE) approach allowing dependency between repeated measurements over time to assess intra-agreement for each observer and inter- and total agreement among multiple observers simultaneously. Furthermore, the indices of intra-, inter-, and total agreement through variance components (VC) from an extended three-way linear mixed model (LMM) are also developed with consideration of the correlation structure of longitudinal repeated measurements...
January 20, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798000/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-of-locally-commissioned-enhanced-optometric-services
#6
H Baker, R A Harper, D F Edgar, J G Lawrenson
OBJECTIVES: To explore views of all stakeholders (patients, optometrists, general practitioners (GPs), commissioners and ophthalmologists) regarding the operation of community-based enhanced optometric services. DESIGN: Qualitative study using mixed methods (patient satisfaction surveys, semi-structured telephone interviews and optometrist focus groups). SETTING: A minor eye conditions scheme (MECS) and glaucoma referral refinement scheme (GRRS) provided by accredited community optometrists...
October 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790767/collaborative-care-of-non-urgent-macular-disease-a-study-of-inter-optometric-referrals
#7
Angelica Ly, Lisa Nivison-Smith, Michael P Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis
PURPOSE: Diseases involving the macula and posterior pole are leading causes of visual impairment and blindness worldwide and may require prompt ophthalmological care. However, access to eye-care and timely patient management may be limited due to inefficient and inappropriate referrals between primary eye-care providers and ophthalmology. Optometrists with a special interest in macular disease may be useful as a community aid to better stratify and recommend best-practice management plans for suitable patients...
November 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762449/visual-and-personal-characteristics-are-associated-with-reading-performance-in-normally-sighted-adults
#8
Tamara Brussee, Ruth Ma van Nispen, Ger Hmb van Rens
BACKGROUND: Visual acuity (VA) only slightly explains variability in reading performance, whereas other visual and non-visual parameters have been reported to influence reading performance; however, in ophthalmologic and optometric clinical practice and research, where standardised reading tests are used, many of these parameters are often neglected. The purpose of this study was to give insight into how various visual and non-visual parameters are associated with reading performance in normally sighted subjects...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622189/lens-density-measurements-by-two-independent-psychophysical-techniques
#9
Anirbaan Mukherjee, Richard A Bone
BACKGROUND: Cataract, a leading cause of vision impairment, is due to the lens becoming excessively optically dense. Change in the lens optical density (LOD) could be a useful indicator of incipient nuclear cataract and would necessitate the development of accurate measurement techniques. Mapcat sf™ is a heterochromatic flicker photometer for measuring macular pigment optical density (MPOD) under photopic conditions. In the process, it also measures LOD that is needed in the calculation of MPOD...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580754/effectiveness-of-uk-optometric-enhanced-eye-care-services-a-realist-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Helen Baker, Gokulan Ratnarajan, Robert A Harper, David F Edgar, John G Lawrenson
PURPOSE: UK demographic and legislative changes combined with increasing burdens on National Health Service manpower and budgets have led to extended roles for community optometrists providing locally-commissioned enhanced optometric services (EOS). This realist review's objectives were to develop programme theories that implicitly or explicitly explain quality outcomes for eye care provided by optometrists via EOS and to test these theories by investigating the effectiveness of services for cataract, glaucoma, and primary eye care...
September 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529611/hallucinations-experienced-by-visually-impaired-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#11
Linda Pang
: Charles Bonnet Syndrome is a condition where visual hallucinations occur as a result of damage along the visual pathway. Patients with Charles Bonnet Syndrome maintain partial or full insight that the hallucinations are not real, absence of psychological conditions, and absence of hallucinations affecting other sensory modalities, while maintaining intact intellectual functioning. Charles Bonnet Syndrome has been well documented in neurologic, geriatric medicine, and psychiatric literature, but there is lack of information in optometric and ophthalmologic literature...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515757/evaluation-of-a-minor-eye-conditions-scheme-delivered-by-community-optometrists
#12
E Konstantakopoulou, D F Edgar, R A Harper, H Baker, M Sutton, S Janikoun, G Larkin, J G Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: The establishment of minor eye conditions schemes (MECS) within community optometric practices provides a mechanism for the timely assessment of patients presenting with a range of acute eye conditions. This has the potential to reduce waiting times and avoid unnecessary referrals to hospital eye services (HES). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness, impact on hospital attendances and patient satisfaction with a minor eye service provided by community optometrists...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494305/mobile-inertial-sensor-based-gait-analysis-validity-and-reliability-of-spatiotemporal-gait-characteristics-in-healthy-seniors
#13
Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Eric Lichtenstein, Geert Pagenstert, Corina Nüesch, Annegret Mündermann
Gait analysis is commonly used to identify gait changes and fall risk in clinical populations and seniors. Body-worn inertial sensor based gait analyses provide a feasible alternative to optometric and pressure based measurements of spatiotemporal gait characteristics. We assessed validity and relative and absolute reliability of a body-worn inertial sensor system (RehaGait(®)) for measuring spatiotemporal gait characteristics compared to a standard stationary treadmill (Zebris(®)). Spatiotemporal gait parameters (walking speed, stride length, cadence and stride time) were collected for 24 healthy seniors (age: 75...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486729/the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-clinic-in-improving-follow-up-eye-care-for-at-risk-children
#14
Wei Diao, Jinali Patel, Melanie Snitzer, Michael Pond, Michael P Rabinowitz, Guadalupe Ceron, Krystal Bagley, Korinne Dennis, Rachel Weiner, Sarah Martinez-Helfman, Kathleen Santa Maria, Brian Burke, William B Aultman, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To investigate the potential of a mobile ophthalmic unit in the schoolyard to improve the follow-up rate for children who have failed an optometric in-school screening program. Previously, the optometric program made referrals to the center and only 53% of students attended the desired ophthalmology consultation. METHODS: This was a cohort study of students conducted in elementary school lots in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. The mobile ophthalmic unit visited schools where students with parental consent who needed examination had been identified by an in-school optometric vision care program...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290808/the-history-of-ethics-and-professionalism-within-optometry-in-the-united-states-of-america-1898-2015-part-1
#15
R Norman Bailey
BACKGROUND: The history surrounding the development of codes of ethics and other official statements of desired professional conduct adopted by the American Optometric Association (AOA) reveals the struggle optometry faced in the United States ofAmerica (USA) in establishing itself as a leading primary health care profession. METHODS: Information regarding the events and documents reported in this paper were obtained through research of the historical literature and archival material held in The Archives & Museum of Optometry at the American Optometric Association's headquarters at 243 N...
January 2016: Hindsight: Newsletter of the Optometric Historical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233041/the-effectiveness-of-an-educational-game-for-teaching-optometry-students-basic-and-applied-science
#16
Richard Trevino, Carolyn Majcher, Jeff Rabin, Theresa Kent, Yutaka Maki, Timothy Wingert
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of an educational board game with interactive didactic instruction for teaching optometry students elements of the core optometric curriculum. METHODS: Forty-two optometry students were divided into two GPA-matched groups and assigned to either 12 hours of game play (game group) or 12 hours of interactive didactic instruction (lecture group). The same material from the core optometric curriculum was delivered to both groups...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199180/can-data-in-optometric-practice-be-used-to-provide-an-evidence-base-for-ophthalmic-public-health
#17
Sarah V Slade, Christopher J Davey, Darren Shickle
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential of using primary care optometry data to support ophthalmic public health, research and policy making. METHODS: Suppliers of optometric electronic patient record systems (EPRs) were interviewed to gather information about the data present in commercial software programmes and the feasibility of data extraction. Researchers were presented with a list of metrics that might be included in an optometric practice dataset via a survey circulated by email to 102 researchers known to have an interest in eye health...
July 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143345/demographics-of-older-keratoconics-in-wales-and-their-mortality-rates-where-are-the-older-keratoconics
#18
Magdalena Popiela, Tafadzwa Young-Zvandasara, Elias Veepanat, David Saunders
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify keratoconics at least 40 years of age attending Welsh optometric hospital services, look at their demographics and mortality rates, and test the hypothesis that they die earlier than the general population. METHODS: Keratoconic patients born before 1972 were identified retrospectively through contact lens services across 5 hospitals in Wales, United Kingdom. Patients' notes were reviewed to confirm the diagnosis and collect demographic data...
October 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087346/assessing-clinical-reasoning-in-optometry-using-the-script-concordance-test
#19
Caroline Faucher, Marie-Pier Dufour-Guindon, Gabrielle Lapointe, Robert Gagnon, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is central to any health profession but its development among learners is difficult to assess. Over the last few decades, the script concordance test (SCT) has been developed to solve this dilemma and has been used in many health professions; however, no study has been published on the use of the script concordance test in optometry. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a script concordance test for the field of optometry. METHODS: A 101-question script concordance test (27 short clinical scenarios) was developed and administered online to a convenience sample of 23 second-year and 19 fourth-year students of optometry...
May 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058591/value-of-routine-eye-examinations-in-asymptomatic-patients
#20
Elizabeth L Irving, Joel D Harris, Carolyn M Machan, Barbara E Robinson, Patricia K Hrynchak, Susan J Leat, Linda Lillakas
PURPOSE: To determine if routine eye examinations in asymptomatic patients result in spectacle prescription change, new critical diagnosis, or new management of existing conditions. We also investigate whether age and time between assessments (assessment interval) impact detection rates. METHODS: The Waterloo Eye Study (WatES) database was created from a retrospective file review of 6397 patients seen at the University of Waterloo Optometry Clinic. Significant changes since the previous assessment (significant change) were defined as a change in spectacle prescription, presence of a new critical diagnosis, or a new management...
July 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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