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Septic arthritis knee

Michael P Palmer, Rachael Melton-Kreft, Laura Nistico, N Louisa Hiller, Leon H J Kim, Gregory T Altman, Daniel T Altman, Nicholas G Sotereanos, Fen Z Hu, Patrick J De Meo, Garth D Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have identified known bacterial pathogens in the knees of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) before arthroplasty. AIMS: The current study was designed to determine the incidence and types of bacteria present in the synovial fluid of native knee joints from adult patients with diagnoses of septic arthritis and OA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled between October 2010 and January 2013. Synovial fluid samples from the affected knee were collected and evaluated with both traditional microbial culture and polymerase chain reaction-electrospray ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (molecular diagnostics [MDx]) to prospectively characterize the microbial content...
October 17, 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Oren I Feder, Konrad I Gruson
Septic arthritis of the shoulder girdle remains relatively uncommon, with Staphylococcus aureus and β-hemolytic streptococci the typical offending organisms in adult patients. Rare cases of Streptococcus viridans, an oral bacterium with low virulence, have been reported in the setting of septic arthritis, mostly involving the knee joint or the sternoclavicular joint. In this article, we report a case of Streptococcus mitis infection of the glenohumeral joint that likely resulted from hematogenous spread after oral trauma in a patient with poor underlying dentition...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Eduard Tornero, Josep Maria De Bergua-Domingo, Pedro Domenech, Francisco Soldado, Ferran Torner, Juan Castellanos, Alex Soriano, Jorge Knörr
BACKGROUND: Early joint decompression associated to antibiotic therapy is the most important procedure to reduce joint damage in septic knee arthritis in children. Several joint decompression methods have been described such as arthrotomy with open debriding, arthroscopic drainage or needle joint aspiration. The aim of the present study was to determinate which patients with acute septic knee arthritis could be safely treated with needle joint aspiration. METHODS: Patients with an acute knee arthritis diagnosed between September 2003 and December 2013 in our children's tertiary hospital were retrospective review...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Haekyung Lee, Dohui Hwang, Minchul Jeon, Eunjung Lee, Taehyong Kim, Shi Nae Yu, Yongbeom Kim, Byung-Ill Lee
BACKGROUND: There are increasing reports on nosocomial Mycobacterium massiliense infection, but septic arthritis and osteomyelitis because of that microorganism is rare. This report focuses on the clinical aspects of M. massiliense arthritis outbreak concurrent with soft tissue infection. CASE PRESENTATION: An outbreak of septic arthritis among patients who had been injected at a single clinic occurred in South Korea between April and September 2012. This may be associated with repeated injection of triamcinolone contaminated with M...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Danilo Sobreira, Neydson de Souza, José Inácio de Almeida, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman
OBJECTIVE: To describe occurrences of septic glenohumeral arthritis among patients with arthropathy of the rotator cuff, and to highlight the importance of correct diagnosis and surgical procedures. METHODOLOGY: Eight surgical drains were installed in seven patients with glenohumeral pyoarthritis. All the patients presented arthropathy of the rotator cuff (four males and three females). Six patients presented pyoarthritis in the dominant shoulder. The age range was from 53 to 93 years (mean: 74 years)...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
T A Kwaees, Z Hakim, C Weerasinghe, P Dunkow
Introduction Citrobacter koseri is a well known cause of central nervous system infections in the paediatric setting. Musculoskeletal infections caused by C koseri are rare, with only 14 previously reported cases. We present the first recorded case of C koseri induced septic arthritis of the knee along with a review of the literature. Methods A search of the PubMed, Embase(®) and Google Scholar™ databases was undertaken. Only complete or near complete cases were reviewed. Findings Fourteen musculoskeletal infections were identified...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Daniel Pérez-Prieto, Andrej Trampuz, Raúl Torres-Claramunt, María Eugenia Portillo, Lluís Puig-Verdié, Joan C Monllau
Arthroscopic debridement has proven to be the optimal surgical treatment for infections of the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Nevertheless, there are no reported data for the best antibiotic treatment option and its duration. The purpose of this article is to assess the usefulness of oral levofloxacin and rifampicin for the treatment of acute infections of an ACLR. This is a retrospective observational cohort study of patients operated on for ACLR over 4 years. A diagnosis of septic arthritis was based on patients' anamnesis and physical examination, laboratory parameters, and cultures of synovial fluid and/or joint tissue...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Sarah Nitoslawski, Todd M McConnell, Makeda Semret, Michael A Stein
A 76-year-old man with a history of osteoarthritis presents with right leg erythema and inability to weight-bear and pain in his right shoulder. Synovial fluid cell count of the knee and shoulder showed abundant neutrophils, and cultures of the knee showed growth of Pasteurella multocida. The patient owned four cats with which he had frequent contact, but history and physical examination elicited no evidence of scratches or bites. This case highlights the invasive potential of Pasteurella multocida in an immunocompetent individual and its capacity to cause septic arthritis in the setting of frequent animal contact...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Vivienne Kahlmann, Celina Alves, Johannes Coleman, Lindy-Anne Korswagen
A 49-year-old woman with a medical history of rheumatoid arthritis presented to the emergency room, with high fever and painful knees. In addition, she had had a mild headache for several days and some hearing loss over several months. We saw an ill patient with arthritis of both knees, from which purulent fluid was aspirated. Antibiotics were started for septic arthritis of both knees and her condition improved rapidly. However, the headache persisted and the hearing loss worsened. At the time, meningitis was suspected...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Charlotte Lanoy, Yves Bouckaert
BACKGROUND: Frequent causes of high anion gap metabolic acidosis are well known: ethanol, methanol, and ethylene glycol intoxication; hyperglycemia; lactic or D-lactic acidosis; and impaired renal function. There are other causes, less frequent but also important. This report illustrates a rare case of a patient with increased anion gap metabolic acidosis due to a deficit of the γ-glutamyl cycle that led to 5-oxoproline (acid pyroglutamic) accumulation. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old white woman was admitted to our intensive care unit because of septic shock caused by right knee methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus-induced arthritis...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mukesh Kumar, Jai Thilak, Adnan Zahoor, Arun Jyothi
Aspergillus septic arthritis is a rare and serious medical and surgical problem. It occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common causative organism followed by Aspergillus flavus. The most common site affected is knee followed by shoulder, ankle, wrist, hip and sacroiliac joint. Debridement and voriconazole are primary treatment of articular aspergilosis. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reported cases of co-infection of tuberculosis (TB) and Aspergillus infecting joints...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Robert Borzio, Neil Mulchandani, Robert Pivec, Bhaveen H Kapadia, Dante Leven, Steven F Harwin, William P Urban
Septic arthritis is a devastating condition; well-established criteria for diagnosis exist in the pediatric population, but not for adults. This study evaluated patient factors and laboratory parameters that may be associated with the diagnosis of septic arthritis in adults. A total of 458 knee aspirates for suspected septic arthritis were evaluated with serum and synovial leukocyte counts and differentials as well as Kocher criteria for pediatric septic arthritis. Twenty-two patients (4.8%) had septic arthritis confirmed by a positive synovial fluid culture...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Julien Ferrand, Youssef El Samad, Benoit Brunschweiler, Franck Grados, Nassima Dehamchia-Rehailia, Alice Séjourne, Jean-Luc Schmit, Antoine Gabrion, Patrice Fardellone, Julien Paccou
BACKGROUND: The objective of this ambispective study was to determine outcomes and associated factors for adult patients with confirmed septic arthritis (SA). METHODS: All adult patients admitted to Amiens University Hospital between November 2010 and December 2013 with confirmed SA were included in the study. Patients with prosthetic joint infections were excluded. A statistical analysis was performed in order to identify risk factors associated with a poor outcome (including mortality directly attributable to SA)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Duane Ray Anderson, Lucas Aaron Anderson, Justin M Haller, Abebe Chala Feyissa
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy of using the SIGN nail for instrumented knee fusion. METHODS: Six consecutive patients (seven knees, three males) with an average age of 30.5 years (range, 18-50 years) underwent a knee arthrodesis with SIGN nail (mean follow-up 10.7 months; range, 8-14 months). Diagnoses included tuberculosis (two knees), congenital knee dislocation in two knees (one patient), bacterial septic arthritis (one knee), malunited spontaneous fusion (one knee), and severe gout with 90° flexion contracture (one knee)...
2016: SICOT-J
Carlos Costa, Mariana Santiago, Joana Ferreira, Marília Rodrigues, Pedro Carvalho, Jorge Silva, Armando Malcata
Peptostreptococcus spp are commensal organisms, usually involved in periodontal disease. Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus is an anaerobic gram-negative cocci, difficult to isolate due to its slow growth. Septic arthritis by this microorganism is a rare entity, but it can occur by hematogenous dissemination from a distant focus. Colonization and growth are more likely to occur in an already damaged articulation. We report the case of a 57 year-old woman with peripheral spondyloarthritis who developed knee septic arthritis by Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus...
January 11, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
T Sreenivas, A R Nataraj, Anand Kumar, Jagdish Menon
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to evaluate clinical and microbiological profile of neonates with septic arthritis and also to assess changing epidemiology in the microbial etiology. METHODS: Twenty-nine neonates (1-28 days of life) presenting to the Department of Orthopaedics with acute septic arthritis were included in the study. This was a descriptive study, and the data were collected during the time of hospital admission. History and clinical examination of the neonates were taken, and diagnosis was made based on clinical and laboratory parameters...
July 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Thomas Ian Whitehead-Clarke, Raj Singavarapu, Abhinav Gulihar, Krissen Chettiar
Pneumococcal septic arthritis is a rare clinical entity and is often associated with a systemic bacteraemia. A 60-year-old man was admitted with bilateral swollen, painful knees. He was feeling feverish with raised inflammatory markers. Joint aspiration yielded purulent fluid, which, when cultured, grew Streptococcus Pneumoniae bilaterally. The patient underwent repeated arthroscopic knee washouts and was treated with intravenous (IV) antibiotics. During his admission, various investigations and scans were undertaken to find an infective focus or signs of immunodeficiency; none were found...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Elan J Golan, Jeffrey D Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Keith D Baldwin, Christopher M Brusalis, Afamefuna M Nduaguba, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: Differentiating between septic arthritis and Lyme disease of the knee in endemic areas can be challenging and has major implications for patient management. The purpose of this study was to identify a prediction rule to differentiate septic arthritis from Lyme disease in children presenting with knee pain and effusion. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients younger than 18 years of age with knee effusions who underwent arthrocentesis at our institution from 2005 to 2013...
May 4, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Keun Hwa Lee, Hyunseong Kang, Taejung Kim, Sungwook Choi
We present a 51-year-old male patient with Brucella abortus septic arthritis in the right knee following arthroscopic meniscus surgery. He had eaten a traditional dish of raw minced cattle conceptus (bovine fetus) that was prepared after the cow was slaughtered. Despite treatment with empirical antibiotics and debridement of the postoperative surgical wound, the infection persisted without improvement. Polymerase chain reaction sequencing identified Brucella abortus from tissue samples obtained from the patient...
2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
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