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(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171894.].
2018: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191624.].
2018: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: PloS One
Brooke M Okada, L Robert Slevc
Learning and performing music draw on a host of cognitive abilities, and previous research has postulated that musicians might have advantages in related cognitive processes. One such aspect of cognition that may be related to musical training is executive functions (EFs), a set of top-down processes that regulate behavior and cognition according to task demands. Previous studies investigating the link between musical training and EFs have yielded mixed results and are difficult to compare. In part, this is because most studies have looked at only one specific cognitive process, and even studies looking at the same process have used different experimental tasks...
May 11, 2018: Memory & Cognition
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192762.].
2018: PloS One
Kristin-Marie Neville, Erin K Cressman
Explicit (strategic) and implicit (unconscious) processes play a role in visuomotor adaptation (Bond and Taylor, J Neurophysiol 113:3836-3849, , 2015; Werner et al., PLoS ONE 10:1-18, , 2015). We investigated the contributions of explicit and implicit processes to visuomotor adaptation when awareness was manipulated directly vs. indirectly, and asked how these contributions changed over time. Participants were assigned to a Strategy or No-Strategy group...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Christopher Carroll, Eva Kaltenthaler
BACKGROUND: A recent study by Page et al. (PLoS Med. 2016;13(5):e1002028) claimed that increasing numbers of reviews are being published and many are poorly-conducted and reported. The aim of the present study was to assess how well reporting standards of systematic reviews produced in a Health Technology Assessment (HTA) context compare with reporting in Cochrane and other 'non-Cochrane' systematic reviews from the same years (2004 and 2014), as reported by Page et al. (PLoS Med. 2016;13(5):e1002028)...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195224.].
2018: PloS One
Mattias Carlsson, Guo-Zhen Hu, Hans Ronne
Purine and pyrimidine analogues have important uses in chemotherapies against cancer, and a better understanding of the mechanisms that cause resistance to these drugs is therefore of importance in cancer treatment. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, overexpression of the HAM1 gene encoding inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase confers resistance to both the purine analogue 6-N-hydroxylaminopurine (HAP) and the pyrimidine analogue 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (Carlsson et al., 2013, PLoS One 8, e52094). To find out more about the mechanisms of resistance to nucleotide analogues, and possible interdependencies between purine and pyrimidine analogue resistance mechanisms, we screened a plasmid library in yeast for genes that confer HAP resistance when overexpressed...
2018: PloS One
Aaron C Hinken, Andrew N Billin
Adult skeletal muscle contains a population of resident stem cells known as muscle stem cells (MuSC) or satellite cells. This population of cells is required for regeneration of functional myofibers after damage. Aging reduces the proliferative response of satellite cells post-injury. This deficient response is thought to contribute to slowed recovery of muscle function after damage in the elderly and may also contribute to age-related loss of muscle function (sarcopenia). Numerous techniques are now available for the isolation of highly purified satellite cells from mice and humans (Sherwood, et al...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186758.].
2018: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189004.].
2018: PloS One
Maria A Vicent, Conor L Mook, Matthew E Carter
When core body temperature increases, appetite and food consumption decline. A higher core body temperature can occur during exercise, during exposure to warm environmental temperatures, or during a fever, yet the mechanisms that link relatively warm temperatures to appetite suppression are unknown. A recent study in PLOS Biology demonstrates that neurons in the mouse hypothalamus that express pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), a neural population well known to suppress food intake, also express a temperature-sensitive ion channel, transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1)...
May 7, 2018: PLoS Biology
Fabian Sailer, Greta Rait, Alice Howe, John Saunders, Rachael Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Disease models can be useful tools for policy makers to inform their decisions. They can help to estimate the costs and benefits of interventions without conducting clinical trials and help to extrapolate the findings of clinical trials to a population level.Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) do not operate in isolation. Risk-taking behaviours and biological interactions can increase the likelihood of an individual being coinfected with more than one STI.Currently, few STI models consider coinfection or the interaction between STIs...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: PloS One
Yansong Miao, Teepiyanut Tipakornsaowapak, Liangzhen Zheng, Yuguang Mu, Eric Lewellyn
Actin filament assembly contributes to the endocytic pathway pleiotropically, with active roles in clathrin-dependent and clathrin-independent endocytosis as well as subsequent endosomal trafficking. Endocytosis comprises a series of dynamic events, including the initiation of membrane curvature, bud invagination, vesicle abscission, and subsequent vesicular transport. The ultimate success of endocytosis requires the coordinated activities of proteins that trigger actin polymerization, recruit actin-binding proteins (ABPs), and organize endocytic proteins (EPs) that promote membrane curvature through molecular crowding or scaffolding mechanisms...
May 2, 2018: FEBS Journal
Lisa M Federer, Christopher W Belter, Douglas J Joubert, Alicia Livinski, Ya-Ling Lu, Lissa N Snyders, Holly Thompson
A number of publishers and funders, including PLOS, have recently adopted policies requiring researchers to share the data underlying their results and publications. Such policies help increase the reproducibility of the published literature, as well as make a larger body of data available for reuse and re-analysis. In this study, we evaluate the extent to which authors have complied with this policy by analyzing Data Availability Statements from 47,593 papers published in PLOS ONE between March 2014 (when the policy went into effect) and May 2016...
2018: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006174.].
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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