Read by QxMD icon Read


Giovanni Cirillo, Vincenzo Todisco, Gioacchino Tedeschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Neurology
Christian Fisahn, Marc D Moisi, Shiveindra Jeyamohan, Mary Wingerson, R Shane Tubbs, Charles Cobbs, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Misdiagnosis of Brown-Séquard-like presentations can delay treatment; potentially endangering the positive outcomes a patient might otherwise have had. Stroke mimics can be perceived as signaling the end of urgent investigation and care once stroke is ruled out; however, stroke mimics themselves can require prompt care. Herein, we discuss an extremely rare case where stroke was ruled out, resulting in a lapse in care that lead to an exacerbated hemiparesis over the following week...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Rafael E Arias-Berrios, Shirley A Grigg Ortiz, Natalia M Betances Ramírez, Ana M Ortiz Santiago, José A Báez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Rizvi Humaira, Chiu Yuen To, Shyam Moudgil, Richard Fessler
BACKGROUND: Brown-Séquard syndrome is typically caused by penetrating trauma to the cervical spinal cord; however, other compressive and vascular occlusive etiologies have been previously described. It is extremely uncommon to have a delayed presentation as an extramedullary compressive lesion from the venous varix of an acquired spinal arteriovenous fistula. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a patient in the fifth decade of life, with a remote history of gunshot wound to the left thorax with progressive left-sided weakness and contralateral pain and temperature sensory loss secondary to cord compression from an acquired spinal arteriovenous fistula...
September 2, 2016: World Neurosurgery
M Beltran, H Salame, M Ricker, Ph Voordecker, F Lefranc
We report a rare case of thoracic spinal cord herniation due to a defect of the anterior dura mater causing a progressive myelopathy. This case, illustrated by magnetic resonance and surgical imageries, will make the reader aware of this entity and then prevent misdiagnosis.
March 2016: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Erich Talamoni Fonoff, William Omar Contreras Lopez, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: Neurology
Shuvendu Prosad Roy, Nikunj Agrawal
INTRODUCTION: Brown Sequard syndrome resulting from compression due to an epidural hematoma is a relatively rare occurrence, more so with a spontaneous history. We report one such case. CASE REPORT: We present a 65yr old female presenting with hemiplegia with contralateral anesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a hematoma in the epidural space in the C3-C4 region. She underwent an open door laminoplasty for evacuation of the hematoma. Following surgery the patient responded rapidly and currently at 18 months follow up she is neurologically grade 5/5 with normal sensations...
October 2012: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Soo Dong Park, Sang Woo Kim, Ikchan Jeon
We report a case of Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) caused by an accidental stab injury of the cervical spine that shows clear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical presentation. A 42-year-old woman was brought into the emergency department after a stab injury on the right side of the posterior neck from a knife that was lying in a fruit basket after slipping. The patient complained of hemiparesis of the right-side extremities, and ipsilateral hypoesthesia and contralateral sensory loss of pain and temperature were also found on neurological examination...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Victor Arvanian
Although most spinal cord injuries (SCI) are anatomically incomplete, only limited functional recovery has been observed in people and rats with partial lesions. To address why surviving fibers cannot mediate more complete recovery, it is important to evaluate the physiological and anatomical status of spared fibers. These experiments require use of animal models. Here we describe a midthoracic unilateral spinal cord hemisection (HX; corresponds to Brown-Sequard lesion in humans) in adult rats. This is a useful animal model for partial injuries because there is a clear lesion of one entire side of the cord with intact fibers remaining on the contralateral side...
September 20, 2013: Bio-protocol
Ugan Singh Meena, Rashim Kataria, Kanchan Sharma, V R Sardana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Dawei Guan, Guanjun Wang, Morgan Clare, Zhengda Kuang
Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) produced by cervical disc disorders has rarely been seen clinically and only 50 cases have been reported in English literatures. However, most of which have resulted from acute disc herniation. Here, we report a case of BSS produced by calcified herniated C4-C5 disc and posterior vertebral osteophyte, in which decompression through anterior approach was performed. This case revealed the potential of cervical spondylopathy leading to BSS in a chronic manner. Once the diagnosis is established, it is advisable to perform decompression as early as possible...
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedics
François Boller, Daniel Birnbaum
With few exceptions, neurology was nonexistent in the United States until the Civil War years. From 1861 to 1865, the United States saw a bitter armed conflict between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederate States or Confederacy), and during those years, neurology was born in the United States. In 1861, Silas Weir Mitchell, together with George Morehouse and William Keen, opened and operated the first neurological hospital in Philadelphia, with the backing of the Surgeon General William Hammond...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Guilherme B F Porto, Lee A Tan, Manish K Kasliwal, Vincent C Traynelis
Brown-Séquard syndrome (BSS) is a rare syndrome and is often described in association with spinal cord injury resulting from hemisection of the spinal cord. BSS due to cervical disc herniation is rare with often delayed diagnosis. The importance of early recognition with imaging cannot be over-emphasized, as the prognosis is better when compared to traumatic and vascular etiologies of BSS. We report a rare case of BBS in an 86-year-old man secondary to cervical disc herniation who had dramatic improvement after surgical intervention...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Siddharth N Aiyer, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi Kanna, Anupama Maheswaran, S Rajasekaran
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord herniation following surgery is an extremely uncommon clinical condition with very few reports in published literature. This condition usually occurs as a spontaneous idiopathic phenomenon often in the thoracic spine or following a scenario of post traumatic spinal cord/nerve root injury. Rarely has it been reported following spinal cord tumor surgery. PURPOSE: To document a case of cervical spinal cord herniation as a late onset complication following spinal cord tumor surgery with an atypical presentation of monoparesis...
May 2016: European Spine Journal
Xiao-Yong Zhang, Ying-Ming Yang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Stab wounds resulting in spinal cord injury of the craniocervical junction are rare. A scissors stab wound to the cervical spinal cord has been reported only once in the literature. PURPOSE: This paper aimed to report a case of Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome in an 8-year-old boy secondary to a scissors stab wound at the craniocervical junction. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and review of the literature. PATIENT SAMPLE: Case report of an 8-year-old boy accidentally stabbed in the neck by scissors, which were thrown as a dart...
June 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Noam Saadon-Grosman, Zohar Tal, Eyal Itshayek, Amir Amedi, Shahar Arzy
Topographic maps and their continuity constitute a fundamental principle of brain organization. In the somatosensory system, whole-body sensory impairment may be reflected either in cortical signal reduction or disorganization of the somatotopic map, such as disturbed continuity. Here we investigated the role of continuity in pathological states. We studied whole-body cortical representations in response to continuous sensory stimulation under functional MRI (fMRI) in two unique patient populations-patients with cervical sensory Brown-Séquard syndrome (injury to one side of the spinal cord) and patients before and after surgical repair of cervical disk protrusion-enabling us to compare whole-body representations in the same study subjects...
December 29, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Javier Pérez-Suárez, Patricia Barrio-Fernández, Francisco Javier Ibáñez-Plágaro, Teresa Ribas-Ariño, Pablo Calvo-Calleja, Antonio Luis Mostaza-Saavedra
Intramedullary spinal cord metastases are very rare and usually associated with lung or breast cancer, with gastric origin being exceptional. Their clinical onset tends to be faster than that of primary intramedullary tumours. The most common early symptoms of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis are motor deficit in one or more limbs, pain, sensory loss, and sphincter disturbances. The appearance of a rapidly progressive Brown-Séquard syndrome in an oncology patient should orientate the diagnosis of this condition...
January 2016: Neurocirugía
J V Pai-Dhungat, Falguni Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Min-Wook Ju, Seung-Won Choi, Jin-Young Youm, Hyon-Jo Kwon
Spinal cord herniation is a rare condition that has become increasingly recognised in the last few years. The authors report a case of idiopathic spinal cord herniation in a 33 year old woman performed with progressive Brown-Sequard syndrome. The diagnosis was made on MR imaging. After repairing the herniation, the patient made a gradual improvement. Potential causes are discussed, including a possible role of dural defect. In conclusion, idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a potentially treatable condition that should be more readily diagnosed that increasing awareness and improved imaging techniques...
September 2015: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Jong Hyeok Lee, Ki Suk Park, Do Sung Lee, Mun Sun Park
Spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) is a very rare condition. We report a case of SSDH presenting with Brown-Séquard syndrome, treated by surgical evacuation. A 77-year-old woman was hospitalized for back pain without trauma history. As she showed progressive sensory loss and right-side dominant paraparesis, we performed magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed the SSDH in the thoracic area. Therefore, she underwent emergent operation and the hematoma was evacuated successfully. After the operation, the patient showed improvement in neurologic function...
September 2015: Korean Journal of Spine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"