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patella fracture

Honglue Tan, Pengyi Dai, Yanhao Yuan
It was a retrospective case-control study. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical efficacy and complication of treatment using a modified Kirschner wire tension band (MKTB) or a cannulated screw tension band (CSTB) in transverse patellar fractures.In total, 55 patients with transverse patellar fractures were retrospectively reviewed and divided into 2 groups according to the surgical technique: 29 patients were in the MKTB group and 26 patients in the CSTB group. B[Latin Small Letter o with Caron]stman's clinical grading scale, including range of movement (ROM), pain, ability to work, atrophy of quadriceps femoris, assistance in walking, effusion, giving way, and stair-climbing, was used to evaluate the clinical results...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Karim Masmoudi, Yamen Grissa, Sofien Benzarti, Hassen Cheikhrouhou, Zied Mensi
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic patellar fracture after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare complication. Their management can be very challenging with unpredictable results. Literature analysis showed few articles about this complication, but no publication has described the management of open patella fracture around total knee arthroplasty. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a unique case of an open patellar fracture above a total knee arthroplasty, sustained by a 56-year-old female patient...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Hesham Saleh, Stephen Yu, Jonathan Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf
AIM: To review and report functional outcomes, complications, and survivorship associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of post-traumatic arthritis (PTA). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS in December 2015 for English-language clinical research studies, both prospective and retrospective, examining the use of TKA for the treatment of PTA. All relevant articles were accessed in full...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
J H J van Erp, R W Brouwer
A 32-year-old woman presented with pain in her left knee ever since she had fallen down the stairs as a child and had landed on this knee. On the X-ray we saw two large patella fragments. We made the diagnosis of dislocated and subluxated fracture of the patella without consolidation. The previously missed fracture was treated conservatively.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Axel Somersalo, Juha Paloneva, Hannu Kautiainen, Eija LÖNnroos, Mikko HEinÄNen, Ilkka Kiviranta
Background and purpose - The association between mortality and lower extremity fractures (other than hip fractures in older individuals) is unclear. We therefore investigated mortality in adults of all ages after lower extremity fractures that required inpatient care. Patients and methods - Diagnosis code (ICD10), procedure code (NOMESCO), and 7 additional characteristics of patients admitted to the trauma ward at Central Finland Hospital were collected between 2002 and 2008 (n = 3,567). Patients were followed up until the end of 2012...
September 12, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Eric Hohn, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is one of several surgical procedures used to treat patellofemoral instability. Use of allograft tissue can preserve autogenous tissue and may be preferable in patients with connective tissue disorders or ligamentous laxity. Although there are successful reports in adults, it is unclear if the use of allograft tissue in MPFL reconstruction can restore patellofemoral stability in children and adolescents. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does allograft tissue in MPFL reconstruction in pediatric and adolescent patients restore patellar stability? (2) What complications were associated with allograft MPFL reconstructions in children and adolescents? METHODS: Between June 2012 and August 2015, one surgeon (NKP) performed 26 MPFL reconstructions in 23 patients with gracilis allograft for traumatic patellar instability...
September 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Daniel Gittings, Patrick Hesketh, Jonathan Dattilo, Miltiadis Zgonis, John Kelly, Samir Mehta
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stiffness after open reduction and internal fixation of fractures about the knee can have dramatic effects on function. Traditionally, open quadricepsplasty has been the treatment of choice, but is associated with significant morbidity. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the immediate and sustainable range of motion (ROM) changes after surgical arthroscopic lysis of knee adhesions (SALKA) for post-traumatic knee stiffness after open reduction internal fixation (ORIF)...
August 30, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Dustin S Hambright, Kempland C Walley, Amber Hall, Paul T Appleton, Edward K Rodriguez
Patella fractures with comminution, osteoporotic bone, and/or previously failed fixation are exceedingly difficult to reduce and fix. Moreover, the risk of symptomatic constructs and patients that are poorly compliant with postoperative activity restrictions can make these complex fracture patterns an even more challenging scenario. Although there is an array of techniques described for comminuted patella fractures, there lacks an accepted surgical technique for these difficult cases. In this clinical series, we describe an enhancement to the traditional tension band construct that utilizes additional wires and multiple tension bands to gather and fix comminuted fracture patterns in non-transverse planes, bolster osteoporotic bone, and secure fractures in patients undergoing a revision and/or have potential to be poorly compliant with postoperative activity restrictions...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Rodolfo Zamora, Craig Wright, Adam Short, David Seligson
: Intramedullary nailing is one viable option for treating fractures of the tibia with a short, proximal segment. For a procedure being carried out with the knee in a semi-extended position, either a suprapatellar or parapatellar approach may be used. The objective of this study is to demonstrate whether the entry point for tibia nails is obtainable through suprapatellar or parapatellar approaches and to evaluate the most frequent injuries of the knee with these two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired legs from 10 fresh frozen cadavers were used...
October 2016: Injury
Diederik O Verbeek, Lindsay E Hickerson, Stephen J Warner, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
Patella fractures can be challenging to treat particularly in the presence of inferior pole comminution. In this video we present a novel surgical technique for the treatment of patella fractures using a small fragment low profile mesh plate. Key points are the surgical exposure with direct visualization of the articular reduction, the preparation of the mesh plate to accommodate patellar anatomy and the augmentation of the construct using Krackow sutures to address inferior pole comminution. Low profile mesh plating allows for multiplanar fixation of patella fractures while avoiding implant and fixation problems related to tension band fixation...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
A Ellwein, H Lill, G Jensen, A Gruner, J C Katthagen
BACKGROUND: Tension band wiring after patellar fractures is related to a high number of implant-related complications (22-53 %). Revision surgery is necessary in 10-55 % of patients mostly with unsatisfactory results. The patella plate is an alternative treatment with the advantages of locked plating. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the first clinical prospective results and complications of this new implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2013 and May 2015 all patients that were treated with locked plating for patella fractures were included in this prospective study...
July 19, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
I P Pengas, A Assiotis, W Khan, T Spalding
Extensor mechanism rupture is a serious event requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. Patella fractures are reportedly six times more frequent than soft tissue injuries such as quadriceps or patella tendon ruptures. Classically quadriceps and patella tendon ruptures are seen more in males, with those over 40 predominantly suffering from quadriceps tendon ruptures, often associated with an underlying condition, whereas patella tendon ruptures are mostly associated with sport injuries and are commonly seen in the under 40s...
June 27, 2016: Injury
Serafín García-Mata, Angel Hidalgo-Ovejero
Double-layered patella (DLP) is a rare patella-formation abnormality reported in association with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia. DLP is one of the five types of bipartite patella, caused by a coronal septum that divides the patella into anterior and posterior segments. Although the double layer of bone has been reported as complete, it may also manifest as partial, as in our case. A 13-year-old male patient attended A&E after accidentally falling and sustaining a direct injury to his left knee, with pain in the anterior surface of the right patella...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Mohd Fairudz Bin Mohd Miswan, Mohamed Zubair Mohamed Al-Fayyadh, Teo Seow Hui, Mohamed Razif Bin Mohamed Ali, Wuey Min Ng
A patient with patellar instability frequently presents with anterior knee pain, patellar subluxation, or dislocation. Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has a key role for normal patella tracking and stability. Reconstruction of the MPFL using a hamstring graft is a commonly used procedure for the treatment of chronic lateral subluxation of patella. Anchor sutures and bony tunnels are used for the patellar attachment of the graft. This can be associated with complications such as patella fracture; besides, it does not produce an anatomical reconstruction for the native MPFL that can alter the direction of tension applied on the patella...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Michael Wild, Kai Fischer, Florian Hilsenbeck, Mohssen Hakimi, Marcel Betsch
INTRODUCTION: Anterior tension wiring using Kirschner wires (K-wires) is still considered the standard treatment for patella fractures, despite its high complication rate. The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate intra- and perioperative complications as well as the clinical outcome of patients with patella fracture treated with a new developed bilateral, polyaxial, fixed-angle 2.7mm patella plate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014 all patients with a patella fracture were included in this prospective study and treated with a fixed-angle patella plate...
August 2016: Injury
Lawrence Camarda, Salvatore Morello, Francesco Balistreri, Antonio D'Arienzo, Michele D'Arienzo
INTRODUCTION: Despite good clinical outcome proposals, there has been relatively little published regarding the use of non-metallic implant for patellar fracture fixation. The purpose of the study was to perform a systematic literature review to summarize and evaluate the clinical studies that described techniques for treating patella fractures using non-metallic implants. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was systematically performed to evaluate all studies included in the literature until November 2015...
August 2016: Injury
J Zhang, X Y Jiang, X W Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and outcomes of two separate vertical wiring combined with tension band and Kirschner-wire plus cerclage wire in the treatment of displaced inferior pole fractures of the patella. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2015, 15 consecutive patients (mean age 54.5 years) with inferior pole fractures of the patella were retrospectively included in this study. All the patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation by separate vertical wiring combined with tension band and Kirschner-wire plus cerclage wire through longitudinal incision, 4...
June 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Balvinder Grewal, Devlin Elliott, Luca Daniele, James Reidy
BACKGROUND: Acute patellar dislocation is a common injury in young people, especially in adolescent females and athletes. Lateral dislocation is the most common form of patellar dislocation and often reduces spontaneously or with simple manipulation and closed reduction. We report a rare circumstance in which the patella was irreducible and required manipulation and closed reduction in the operating room. CASE REPORT: While dancing, a 32-year-old female was knocked by a fellow dancer on her left knee, and she fell to the nightclub floor...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Ranjit Kr Baruah
INTRODUCTION: Ilizarov technique yields satisfactory results in difficult situations. Widely displaced fracture of the patella after failed osteosynthesis is a difficult situation. We are reporting one such case in a 27 years old male treated by modified Ilizarov technique. CASE REPORT: A 27-years old male with transverse fracture of the patella was fixed with tension band wiring. He indulged in heavy manual work including bicycling after 15 days of operation contrary to advice that led to loosening of implants and failure of reduction...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Laxmikanta Mishra, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic gastrocnemius flap with primary rotating hinge knee is technically demanding in a case of neglected post-traumatic, infective arthritis of the knee, with challenges of compromised skin and soft tissues, articular bone defect, limb mal-alignment, gross instability, retained hardware and a contracted extensor mechanism with the patella fixed in the lateral gutter all in combination, is rarely reported. We report such a complex case in this study. CASE REPORT: We report a 48 year male patient with a history of fracture lateral femoral condyle of right knee due to road traffic accident 10 years back, for which he got operated with open reduction and internal fixation with cancellous screws, which subsequently got infected...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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