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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940140/fever-with-rashes
#1
Letha Soman
Fever with rashes is one of the commonest clinical problems a general practitioner or pediatrician has to face in day-to-day clinical practice. It can be a mild viral illness or a life-threatening illness like meningococcemia or Dengue hemorrhagic fever or it can be one with a lifelong consequence like Kawasaki disease. It is very important to arrive at a clinical diagnosis as early as possible with the minimum investigational facilities. The common causes associated with fever and rashes are infections, viral followed by other infections...
September 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936229/determinants-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-by-mothers-in-two-rural-districts-of-sindh-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Ubaidullah Khan, Atif Habib, Muhammad Umer, Zamir Suhag, Imtiaz Hussain, Zaid Bhatti, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Ali Ahmad Khan, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Mohammad Imran Khan, Sajid Soofi
BACKGROUND: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices during the first two years of life are important for the growth and development of a child. The aim of this study was to assess IYCF practices and its associated factors in two rural districts of Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Sindh province, Pakistan as part of a stunting prevention project between May and August 2014. A standard questionnaire on IYCF practices recommended by World Health Organization was used to collect information from 2013 mothers who had a child aged between 0 and 23 months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935399/optical-coherence-tomography-biomarkers-as-functional-outcome-predictors-in-diabetic-macular-edema-treated-with-dexamethasone-implant
#3
Dinah Zur, Matias Iglicki, Catharina Busch, Alessandro Invernizzi, Miriana Mariussi, Anat Loewenstein
PURPOSE: Identification and characterization of patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) are important for individualizing treatment and optimizing outcome. We investigated optical coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers for DME treated by intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 299 eyes from 284 patients treated with DEX implant for DME (naïve, n = 209; refractory, n = 90)...
September 18, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934802/intravertebral-vacuum-cleft-and-its-varied-locations-within-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-effect-on-therapeutic-efficacy
#4
Weibo Yu, Xiaobing Jiang, De Liang, Zhensong Yao, Ting Qiu, Linqiang Ye, Shuncong Zhang, Daxiang Jin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high incidence of re-collapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC) during long-term follow-up. Previous IVC might be considered an important predisposing factor for re-collapse, but the prior studies could not find a significant correlation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and distribution characteristics of IVCs and to further assess IVCs in their varied locations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933702/the-development-and-preliminary-validity-testing-of-the-healing-progression-rate-tool
#5
Daniel L Young, Nancy Estocado, Du Feng, Joyce Black
Accurate assessment and clear documentation are important aspects of wound care; they provide a basis for appropriate patient care decisions and reimbursement. A descriptive, qualitative study was conducted to develop and provide preliminary evidence of the validity of a new tool to measure wound healing (the Healing Progression Rate [HPR]), a modified version of the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH). Three (3) groups of current and future practitioners participated in the instrument development and evaluation process: 1) 3 wound care experts/authors (2 physical therapists, 1 nurse) with a minimum of 15 years of experience, 2) 6 additional wound care experts (4 nurses and 2 physical therapists) with a minimum of 10 years experience, and 3) 120 participants (77 [64...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#6
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932713/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-isolated-from-livestock-and-associated-farmers-in-anuradhapura-sri-lanka
#7
Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera, Wikum Widuranga Kumbukgolla
INTRODUCTION: The animal husbandry comes to play an important role according to new economic reforms of the rural economy in South Asia including Sri Lanka, and the rural farming community has a poor knowledge about hygienic issues of animal husbandry, which can lead to spread of pathogenic bacterial strains from animals to humans. Our study was conducted to evaluate methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and its antimicrobial resistance pattern among livestock (n=188) and related farmers (n=94) in Anuradhapura District, Sri Lanka...
September 2017: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929963/-comparison-of-phenotypic-methods-and-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-detection-of-carbapenemase-production-in-clinical-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates
#8
Yamaç Tekintaş, Feriha Çilli, Bayrı Eraç, Melike Yaşar, Sabire Şöhret Aydemir, Mine Hoşgör Limoncu
Being a member of the Enterobacteriaceae family, Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen that inhabits normal human microbiota and causes predominantly hospital-acquired infections. The emergence of K.pneumoniae isolates which are resistant particularly to the carbapenem group of antibiotics has led to an increase in hospitalization period, mortality and morbidity. Although different rates of resistance are observed between countries, regions and even healthcare facilities, there has been a rapid increase in the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant strains in the last 10 years...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929960/-antimicrobial-susceptibilities-and-molecular-characterization-of-toxin-positive-clostridium-difficile-isolates-the-first-report-on-the-presence-of-hypervirulent-strains-from-turkey
#9
Emrah Salman, Belkıs Levent, Zeynep Ceren Karahan
Clostridium difficile infection is one of the most important hospital-acquired infections. Infections caused by hypervirulent C.difficile strains which produce toxins at high levels, have higher morbidity and mortality rates, more complications and relapses. They are characterized by higher sporulation ratios and resistance rates for fluoroquinolones. In order to prevent serious morbidities, mortalities and remarkable increase in health costs, highly pathogenic C.difficile strains must be identified before causing severe outbreaks...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929959/-in-vitro-effect-of-vancomycin-and-daptomycin-on-biofilm-formation-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-strains
#10
Duygu Nilüfer Öcal, İştar Dolapçı, Zeynep Gençtürk, Alper Tekeli
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are one of the primer agents of blood stream infections (BSI) and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI) which are associated mostly with the usage of central venous catheters and, important causes of morbidity and mortality despite the usage of antibacterial and supportive treatment. It is important to determine the properties of these causative microorganisms in order to make appropriate treatment of such infections. The aims of our study were to evaluate the biofilm formation of coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) which were causative agents of bloodstream (BSI) and catheter related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI), to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of planktonic forms and minimal biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) of sessile forms for vancomycin and daptomycin and to evaluate the efficacy of these antibiotics in infections with biofilm-forming isolates in vitro...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928782/comparison-of-microleakage-of-scotchbond%C3%A2-universal-adhesive-with-methacrylate-resin-in-class-v-restorations-by-two-methods-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-and-dye-penetration
#11
Hamid Kermanshah, Hossein Khorsandian
BACKGROUND: One of the most important factors in restoration failure is microleakage at the restoration interface. Furthermore, a new generation of bonding, Scotchbond Universal (multi-mode adhesive), has been introduced to facilitate the bonding steps. The aim of this study was to compare the microleakage of Class V cavities restored using Scotchbond™ Universal with Scotchbond Multi-Purpose in two procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen freshly extracted human molars were used in this study...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917617/change-in-acetabular-cup-orientation-from-supine-to-standing-position-and-its-effect-on-wear-of-highly-crosslinked-polyethylene
#12
Matthew G Teeter, Prateek Goyal, Xunhua Yuan, James L Howard, Brent A Lanting
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to measure acetabular cup position and wear of the highly crosslinked polyethylene liner in the supine and standing position for patients at a minimum of 10 years after the operation. METHODS: A total of 38 patients were recruited at a mean of 12.5 years after the operation. All patients received a single acetabular cup design with a highly crosslinked liner and a 28-mm cobalt-chromium femoral head. Patients underwent supine and standing radiostereometric examinations in which the X-ray sources and detectors were positioned to obtain an anterior-posterior and cross-table lateral radiograph...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913654/discriminating-cirrnas-from-other-lncrnas-using-a-hierarchical-extreme-learning-machine-h-elm-algorithm-with-feature-selection
#13
Lei Chen, Yu-Hang Zhang, Guohua Huang, Xiaoyong Pan, ShaoPeng Wang, Tao Huang, Yu-Dong Cai
As non-coding RNAs, circular RNAs (cirRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have attracted an increasing amount of attention. They have been confirmed to participate in many biological processes, including playing roles in transcriptional regulation, regulating protein-coding genes, and binding to RNA-associated proteins. Until now, the differences between these two types of non-coding RNAs have not been fully uncovered. It is still quite difficult to detect cirRNAs from other lncRNAs using simple techniques...
September 14, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913521/solvation-of-li-by-argon-how-important-are-three-body-forces
#14
Frederico V Prudente, Jorge M C Marques, Francisco B Pereira
A new analytical potential for Li(+)Ar2 including three-body interactions has been modeled by employing ab initio energies that were calculated within the CCSD(T) framework and a quadruple-zeta basis-set (i.e., cc-pVQZ for lithium and aug-cc-pVQZ for argon) and, then, corrected for the basis-set superposition error (BSSE) with the counterpoise method. Departing from this function, we have constructed the potential energy surface for Li(+)Arn clusters by summing over all two-body and three-body terms. We have employed our evolutionary algorithm (EA) to perform a global geometry optimization that allows for the study of a Li(+) ion microsolvated with argon atoms...
September 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912940/technical-report-on-the-modification-of-3-dimensional-non-contact-human-body-laser-scanner-for-the-measurement-of-anthropometric-dimensions-verification-of-its-accuracy-and-precision
#15
Akram Sadat Jafari Roodbandi, Hamid Naderi, Naser Hashenmi-Nejad, Alireza Choobineh, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Vafa Feyzi
Introduction: Three-dimensional (3D) scanners are widely used in medicine. One of the applications of 3D scanners is the acquisition of anthropometric dimensions for ergonomics and the creation of an anthropometry data bank. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision and accuracy of a modified 3D scanner fabricated in this study. Methods: In this work, a 3D scan of the human body was obtained using DAVID Laser Scanner software and its calibration background, a linear low-power laser, and one advanced webcam...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904802/analytical-study-of-226-ra-activity-concentration-in-market-consuming-foodstuffs-of-ramsar-iran
#16
M Gooniband Shooshtari, M R Deevband, M R Kardan, N Fathabadi, A A Salehi, K Naddafi, M Yunesian, R Nabizadeh Nodehi, M Karimi, S S Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904751/the-thermal-niche-of-neotropical-nectar-feeding-bats-its-evolution-and-application-to-predict-responses-to-global-warming
#17
Stephanie Ortega-García, Lázaro Guevara, Joaquín Arroyo-Cabrales, Roberto Lindig-Cisneros, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Ernesto Vega, Jorge E Schondube
The thermal niche of a species is one of the main determinants of its ecology and biogeography. In this study, we determined the thermal niche of 23 species of Neotropical nectar-feeding bats of the subfamily Glossophaginae (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae). We calculated their thermal niches using temperature data obtained from collection records, by generating a distribution curve of the maximum and minimum temperatures per locality, and using the inflection points of the temperature distributions to estimate the species optimal (STZ) and suboptimal (SRZ) zones of the thermal niche...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904107/hyperpolarization-activated-cyclic-nucleotide-gated-channels-potentially-modulate-axonal-excitability-at-different-thresholds
#18
Dinushi Weerasinghe, Parvathi Menon, Steve Vucic
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide gated (HCN) channels mediate differences in sensory and motor axonal excitability at different thresholds in animal models. Importantly, HCN channels are responsible for voltage-gated inward rectifying (Ih) currents activated during hyperpolarization. The Ih currents exert a crucial role in determining the resting membrane potential and have been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders, including neuropathic pain. In humans, differences in biophysical properties of motor and sensory axons at different thresholds remain to be elucidated and could provide crucial pathophysiological insights in peripheral neurological diseases...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901889/effect-of-breakfast-omission-and-consumption-on-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-adolescent-girls-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer, Tatiana Plekhanova, Dafni Mandila, Yannis Lekatis, Keith Tolfrey
It is not known if breakfast consumption is an effective intervention for altering daily energy balance in adolescents when compared with breakfast omission. This study examined the acute effect of breakfast consumption and omission on free-living energy intake (EI) and physical activity (PA) in adolescent girls. Using an acute randomised cross-over design, forty girls (age 13·3 (sd 0·8) years, BMI 21·5 (sd 5·0) kg/m2) completed two, 3-d conditions in a randomised, counter-balanced order: no breakfast (NB) and standardised (approximately 1962 kJ) breakfast (SB)...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899362/nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-schistosomiasis-and-soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-in-sudan-study-protocol
#20
Seungman Cha, Sung-Tae Hong, Young-Ha Lee, Keon Hoon Lee, Dae Seong Cho, Jinmoo Lee, Jong-Yil Chai, Mousab Siddig Elhag, Soheir Gabralla Ahmad Khaled, Mustafa Khidir Mustafa Elnimeiri, Nahid Abdelgadeir Ali Siddig, Hana Abdelrazig, Sarah Awadelkareem, Azza Tag Eldin Elshafie, Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed Ismail, Mutamad Amin
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STHs) are target neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) of preventive chemotherapy, but the control and elimination of these diseases have been impeded due to resource constraints. Few reports have described study protocol to draw on when conducting a nationwide survey. We present a detailed methodological description of the integrated mapping of schistosomiasis and STHs on the basis of our experiences, hoping that this protocol can be applied to future surveys in similar settings...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
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