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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#1
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632643/the-early-impact-of-postoperative-bracing-on-pain-and-quality-of-life-following-posterior-instrumented-fusion-for-lumbar-degenerative-conditions-a-randomized-trial
#2
Hany Ag Soliman, Soraya Barchi, Stefan Parent, Gilles Maurais, Alain Jodoin, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if bracing after posterior spinal instrumented fusion(PSIF) can improve pain relief and quality of life(QoL) 6 weeks and 3 months postoperatively. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Braces are commonly prescribed after PSIF in patients with lumbar degenerative conditions with the aim of improving pain relief and QoL. However, there is a lack of evidence on the indication for postoperative bracing, as surgeons use braces mainly based on their experience and training...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624854/superior-return-to-sports-rate-after-patellar-tendon-autograft-over-patellar-tendon-allograft-in-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Michèle N J Keizer, Roy A G Hoogeslag, Jos J A M van Raay, Egbert Otten, Reinoud W Brouwer
PURPOSE: After revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), the rate of return to the pre-injury type of sport (RTS type) is low and graft choice might be an important factor. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in outcome after revision ACLR using a patellar tendon allograft compared to an ipsilateral patellar tendon autograft. It was hypothesized that the rate of RTS type using an ipsilateral patellar tendon autograft will be superior to using patellar tendon allograft...
June 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624760/how-do-smoking-cessation-medicines-compare-with-respect-to-their-neuropsychiatric-safety-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#4
Kyla H Thomas, Deborah Caldwell, Michael N Dalili, David Gunnell, Marcus R Munafò, Matt Stevenson, Nicky J Welton
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of early death in the UK and worldwide. Public health guidance recommends the use of varenicline, bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) as smoking cessation aids in the UK. Additionally, the first electronic cigarette has been licensed for use as a smoking cessation medicine. However, there are ongoing concerns about the safety of these medicines. We present a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) to determine how these smoking cessation medicines compare to each other with respect to their neuropsychiatric safety in adult smokers...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624496/effect-of-fentanyl-on-the-induction-dose-and-minimum-infusion-rate-of-propofol-preventing-movement-in-dogs
#5
Carrie A Davis, Reza Seddighi, Sherry K Cox, Xiaocun Sun, Christine M Egger, Thomas J Doherty
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of fentanyl on the induction dose of propofol and minimum infusion rate required to prevent movement in response to noxious stimulation (MIRNM) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Crossover experimental design. ANIMALS: Six healthy, adult intact male Beagle dogs, mean±standard deviation 12.6±0.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were administered 0.9% saline (treatment P), fentanyl (5 μg kg(-1)) (treatment PLDF) or fentanyl (10 μg kg(-1)) (treatment PHDF) intravenously over 5 minutes...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624057/surveillance-strategies-in-the-follow-up-of-melanoma-patients-too-much-or-not-enough
#6
James Kurtz, Georgia M Beasley, Doreen Agnese, Kari Kendra, Thomas E Olencki, Alicia Terando, J Harrison Howard
BACKGROUND: After appropriate initial therapy for patients with stage II-III melanoma, there is no consensus regarding surveillance. Thus, follow-up is highly variable among institutions and individual providers. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends routine clinical examination and consideration of imaging for stage IIB-IIIC every 3-12 mo with no distinction between stages. Detection of recurrence is important as novel systemic therapies and surgical resection of recurrence may provide survival benefits...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622734/epidemiology-of-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-strains-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Abed Zahedi Bialvaei, Ebrahim Kouhsari, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Nour Amirmozafari, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Ali Ghadimi-Daresajini, Mansour Sedighi
Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen that causes major public health concern especially in hospitalized patients due to the acquisition of multidrug resistance (MDR). The aim of this study was to systematically review published data about the prevalence rate of MDR-A. baumannii (MDR-AB) from different parts of Iran and provide an overall relative frequency (RF) using meta-analysis. All available national and international databanks were searched to find published studies up to June 2016...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620045/fundamental-principles-of-vascular-network-topology
#8
REVIEW
Veronika S Kopylova, Stanislav E Boronovskiy, Yaroslav R Nartsissov
The vascular system is arguably the most important biological system in many organisms. Although the general principles of its architecture are simple, the growth of blood vessels occurs under extreme physical conditions. Optimization is an important aspect of the development of computational models of the vascular branching structures. This review surveys the approaches used to optimize the topology and estimate different geometrical parameters of the vascular system. The review is focused on optimizations using complex cost functions based on the minimum total energy principle and the relationship between the laws of growth and precise vascular network topology...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619013/mlst-genotypes-of-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-broiler-products-dairy-cattle-and-human-campylobacteriosis-cases-in-lithuania
#9
Sigita Ramonaite, Egle Tamuleviciene, Thomas Alter, Neringa Kasnauskyte, Mindaugas Malakauskas
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter (C.) jejuni is the leading cause of human campylobacteriosis worldwide. We performed a molecular epidemiological study to investigate the genetic relationship among C. jejuni strains isolated from human diarrhoeal patients, broiler products and dairy cattle in Lithuania. METHODS: The C. jejuni isolates from human clinical cases, dairy cattle and broiler products were genotyped using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Allele numbers for each housekeeping gene, sequence type (ST), and clonal complex (CC) were assigned by submitting the DNA sequences to the C...
June 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618547/optimal-cost-for-strengthening-or-destroying-a-given-network
#10
Amikam Patron, Reuven Cohen, Daqing Li, Shlomo Havlin
Strengthening or destroying a network is a very important issue in designing resilient networks or in planning attacks against networks, including planning strategies to immunize a network against diseases, viruses, etc. Here we develop a method for strengthening or destroying a random network with a minimum cost. We assume a correlation between the cost required to strengthen or destroy a node and the degree of the node. Accordingly, we define a cost function c(k), which is the cost of strengthening or destroying a node with degree k...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#11
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615936/comparison-of-distinctive-models-for-calculating-an-interlobar-emphysema-heterogeneity-index-in-patients-prior-to-endoscopic-lung-volume-reduction
#12
Dorothea Theilig, Felix Doellinger, Alexander Poellinger, Vera Schreiter, Konrad Neumann, Ralf-Harto Hubner
BACKGROUND: The degree of interlobar emphysema heterogeneity is thought to play an important role in the outcome of endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) therapy of patients with advanced COPD. There are multiple ways one could possibly define interlobar emphysema heterogeneity, and there is no standardized definition. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to derive a formula for calculating an interlobar emphysema heterogeneity index (HI) when evaluating a patient for ELVR...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612629/uterine-artery-pulsatility-index-in-the-first-trimester-assessment-of-inter-sonographer-and-inter-sampling-site-measurement-differences
#13
Piya Chaemsaithong, Yuen Ha Ting, Kwun Yue Yvonne Cheng, Chiu Yee Liona Poon, Tak Yeung Leung, Daljit Singh Sahota
OBJECTIVE: To determine inter-sonographer, intersampling site pulsatility index differences in the ascending branch of the uterine artery (UtA-PI) and their effect on detection rates (DR) for early onset preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted including 52 women with singleton viable pregnancy at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Consecutive bilateral UtA-PI measurements were performed by two sonographers. Both sonographers hold the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) uterine artery Doppler assessment competency certificates...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611230/effect-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-health-coaching-on-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-copd
#14
Hamid Rehman, Craig Karpman, Kristin Vickers Douglas, Roberto P Benzo
BACKGROUND: Improving quality of life (QOL) is a key goal in the care of patients with COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has clearly been shown to improve QOL, but is not accessible to many eligible patients. There is a need for alternative programs designed to improve patient well-being that are accessible to all patients with COPD. Our goal was to pilot test a simple, telephone-based health-coaching intervention that was recently shown to decrease readmission among hospitalized COPD patients and stable COPD patients eligible for PR...
June 13, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611229/variation-in-definition-of-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation
#15
Louise Rose, Michael McGinlay, Reshma Amin, Karen Ea Burns, Bronwen Connolly, Nicholas Hart, Philippe Jouvet, Sherri Katz, David Leasa, Cathy Mawdsley, Danny F McAuley, Marcus J Schultz, Bronagh Blackwood
Consistency of definitional criteria for terminology applied to describe subject cohorts receiving mechanical ventilation within ICU and post-acute care settings is important for understanding prevalence, risk stratification, effectiveness of interventions, and projections for resource allocation. Our objective was to quantify the application and definition of terms for prolonged mechanical ventilation. We conducted a scoping review of studies (all designs except single-case study) reporting a study population (adult and pediatric) using the term prolonged mechanical ventilation or a synonym...
June 13, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608776/short-term-effectiveness-of-a-community-implemented-falls-prevention-referral-service
#16
Andrea Christoforou, Marietta L van der Linden, Pelagia Koufaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week evidence-based Steady Steps exercise referral scheme at improving physical function, balance confidence, and quality of life (QoL) of community-dwelling older adults at risk of falling. METHOD: A non-experimental, practice-based study involving a retrospective analysis of participant outcomes. Pre-post comparisons of three performance-based measures of gait and balance and of person-reported outcomes for balance confidence and QoL were performed...
June 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607472/a-new-look-at-risk-patterns-related-to-coronary-heart-disease-incidence-using-survival-tree-analysis-12-years-longitudinal-study
#17
Azra Ramezankhani, Farideh Bagherzadeh-Khiabani, Davood Khalili, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
We identified risk patterns associated with incident coronary heart disease (CHD) using survival tree, and compared performance of survival tree versus Cox proportional hazards (Cox PH) in a cohort of Iranian adults. Data on 8,279 participants (3,741 men) aged ≥30 yr were used to analysis. Survival trees identified seven subgroups with different risk patterns using four [(age, non-HDL-C, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and family history of diabetes] and five [(age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), non-HDL-C, FPG and family history of CVD] predictors in women and men, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605289/effect-of-sub-lethal-concentrations-of-biocides-on-the-structural-parameters-and-viability-of-the-biofilms-formed-by-salmonella-typhimurium
#18
Rosa Capita, Laura Buzón-Durán, Félix Riesco-Peláez, Carlos Alonso-Calleja
This study aimed to investigate the effect of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of three food-grade biocides (benzalkonium chloride -BZK-, trisodium phosphate -TSP-, and sodium hypochlorite -SHY-) on Salmonella biofilms. The structural parameters and bacterial viability of the biofilms formed by a S. Typhimurium isolate from poultry was investigated by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy after staining with SYTO9 and propidium iodide. The MIC values for Salmonella cells before exposure to subinhibitory concentrations of biocides were 8...
June 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605002/short-term-outcomes-of-open-hip-preservation-surgery-for-symptomatic-extraarticular-femoroacetabular-impingement
#19
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to describe: (i) short-term disease-specific patient-reported outcome scores (PROMs); and (ii) factors associated with reoperation or treatment failure in patients undergoing open hip preservation surgery for symptomatic extraarticular FAI. METHODS: Patients undergoing open hip preservation surgery for symptomatic extraarticular FAI were identified from a prospective, single-centre hip preservation registry (n = 51 patients; median clinical follow-up 24 [range 11-49] months)...
June 7, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603562/meditation-in-stressed-older-adults-improvements-in-self-rated-mental-health-not-paralleled-by-improvements-in-cognitive-function-or-physiological-measures
#20
Barry S Oken, Helané Wahbeh, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Meghan Miller, Rongwei Fu
To determine if mindfulness meditation (MM) in older adults improves cognition and, secondarily, if MM improves mental health and physiology, 134 at least mildly stressed 50-85 year olds were randomized to a six-week MM intervention or a waitlist control. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and two months later at Visit 2. The primary outcome measure was an executive function/attentional measure (flanker task). Other outcome measures included additional cognitive assessments, salivary cortisol, respiratory rate, heart rate variability, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality traits, and SF-36 health-related quality of life...
June 2017: Mindfulness
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