keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knee cerebral palsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215495/caregiver-perceptions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-changes-in-cerebral-palsy-patients-after-spinal-arthrodesis
#1
Amit Jain, Brian Sullivan, Suken A Shah, Amer F Samdani, Burt Yaszay, Michelle C Marks, Paul D Sponseller
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registryObjective: Our objective was to prospectively assess caregivers' perceptions regarding changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with cerebral palsy (CP) after spinal arthrodesis. We assessed caregiver perceptions from 3 perspectives: 1) qualitative assessment of changes in global quality of life, comfort, and health; 2) relative valuation of spine surgery versus other common interventions in CP patients; and 3) quantitative changes in HRQL scores...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214458/the-effects-of-uninvolved-side-epiphysiodesis-for-limb-length-equalization-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-clinical-evaluation-with-the-edinburgh-visual-gait-score
#2
Marco Corradin, Roberto Schiavon, Andrea Borgo, Jacques Deslandes, Antonella Cersosimo, Federico Canavese
PURPOSE: Hemiplegic cerebral palsy patient may present a shorten leg on the hemiplegic side that afflicts negatively the kinematic of the uninvolved limb. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the modification of gait kinematic after epiphysiodesis for limb equalization and secondary to verify the prediction of correction. METHODS: Skeletally immature hemiplegic patients with a minimum limb leg discrepancy (LLD) of 2.5 cm were treated with epiphysiodesis of the unaffected knee and clinically evaluated with Edinburgh visual gait score (EVGS)...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197788/effects-of-antagonistic-and-synergistic-muscles-co-activation-on-mechanics-of-activated-spastic-semitendinosus-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Filiz Ateş, Yener Temelli, Can A Yucesoy
OBJECTIVES: Most activities involve co-activation of several muscles and epimuscular myofascial force transmission (EMFT) can affect their mechanics. This can be relevant for spastic muscles of cerebral palsy (CP) patients. Isometric spastic semitendinosus (ST) forces vs. knee angle (KA-FST) data were collected intra-operatively to test the following hypotheses: (i) Inter-antagonistic EMFT elevates FST, (ii) changes the shape of KA-FST characteristics, (iii) reduces the muscle's joint range of force exertion (Range-FST) and (iv) combined inter-antagonistic and synergistic EMFT further changes those effects...
November 30, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149666/relationship-between-radiographic-patella-alta-pathology-and-walking-dysfunction-in-children-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#4
Matthias Hösl, Harald Böhm, Michaela Seltmann, Chakravarthy Ugandhar Dussa, Leonhard Döderlein
BACKGROUND: Patella-alta is very common in patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP). While several diagnostic x-ray indices have been developed for patella-alta in general, the specific relationship with walking dysfunction in CP is only partly understood. METHODS: 33 participants with bilateral spastic CP between 4 and 20 years (GMFCS I-II without previous surgery) that underwent 3D gait analysis as well as a radiographic exam within 0.8 (SD 1.2) months were retrospectively included...
November 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148138/artificial-walking-technologies-to-improve-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-multichannel-neuromuscular-stimulation
#5
Jessica Rose, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Erin E Butler
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood motor disability and often results in debilitating walking abnormalities, such as flexed-knee and stiff-knee gait. Current medical and surgical treatments are only partially effective in improving gait abnormalities and may cause significant muscle weakness. However, emerging artificial walking technologies, such as step-initiated, multichannel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), can substantially improve gait patterns and promote muscle strength in children with spastic CP...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133972/the-relationship-between-the-physical-cost-index-and-knee-extensor-strength-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Kenji Takaki, Yasuaki Kusumoto
[Purpose] Lower extremity strength is a contributing factor to energy efficiency of gait. However, this contribution has not previously been evaluated in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between energy consumption, measured by the physical cost index (PCI), and strength of lower extremity, measured by the maximum knee extensor strength (MKES), in children with hemiplegic CP. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 10 children (4 males and 6 females; age, 7-17 years) with hemiplegic CP, but no history of orthopedic intervention or botulinum toxin treatment over the 1 year prior to the assessment...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102346/is-functional-electrical-stimulation-an-alternative-for-orthotics-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Sam Khamis, Talia Herman, Sima Krimus, Barry Danino
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a well-known intervention used during walking to improve walking abilities and correct gait deviations by facilitating the proper muscle group at the appropriate timing in the gait cycle. Our aim was to study the types of surface FES currently used in a cerebral palsy (CP) population and examine the evidence of its ability to improve gait deviations, functional ability and therapeutic effects. METHODS: A computerized database search was conducted from inception until 6/2016...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060644/antagonist-thigh-muscle-activity-in-6-to-8-year-old-children-assessed-by-surface-emg-during-walking
#8
Francesco Di Nardo, Annachiara Strazza, Alessandro Mengarelli, Serena Ercolani, Laura Burattini, Sandro Fioretti
Analysis of muscle co-contractions seems to be relevant in the characterization of children pathologies such as spastic cerebral palsy. The aim of the study was the quantification of thigh-muscle co-contractions during walking in healthy children. To this aim, the Statistical Gait Analysis, a recent methodology providing a statistical characterization of gait, was performed on surface EMG signals from Vastus Medialis (VM) and Lateral Hamstrings (LH) in 30 healthy 6-to-8-year-old children. Muscular co-contraction was assessed as the overlapping period between activation intervals of agonist and antagonist muscles...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060265/body-pose-estimation-in-depth-images-for-infant-motion-analysis
#9
Nikolas Hesse, A Sebastian Schroder, Wolfgang Muller-Felber, Christoph Bodensteiner, Michael Arens, Ulrich G Hofmann
Motion analysis of infants is used for early detection of movement disorders like cerebral palsy. For the development of automated methods, capturing the infant's pose accurately is crucial. Our system for predicting 3D joint positions is based on a recently introduced pixelwise body part classifier using random ferns, to which we propose multiple enhancements. We apply a feature selection step before training random ferns to avoid the inclusion of redundant features. We introduce a kinematic chain reweighting scheme to identify and to correct misclassified pixels, and we achieve rotation invariance by performing PCA on the input depth image...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044202/the-effects-of-exoskeleton-assisted-knee-extension-on-lower-extremity-gait-kinematics-kinetics-and-muscle-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Zachary F Lerner, Diane L Damiano, Thomas C Bulea
Individuals with cerebral palsy often exhibit crouch gait, a debilitating and inefficient walking pattern marked by excessive knee flexion that worsens with age. To address the need for improved treatment, we sought to evaluate if providing external knee extension assistance could reduce the excessive burden placed on the knee extensor muscles as measured by knee moments. We evaluated a novel pediatric exoskeleton designed to provide appropriately-timed extensor torque to the knee joint during walking in a multi-week exploratory clinical study...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037645/postural-insoles-on-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-randomized-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#11
Hugo Pasin Neto, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Luis Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Natália Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Manuela Galli, Claudia Santos Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of postural insoles on gait performance in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Twenty four children between four and 12 years of age were randomly allocated either the control group (n = 12) or experimental group (n = 12). The control group used placebo insoles and the experimental group used postural insoles. Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed under three conditions: barefoot, in shoes and in shoes with insoles. Three evaluations were carried out: 1)immediately following placement of the insoles; 2)after three months of insole use; and 3)one month after suspending insole use...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984507/anterior-or-posterior-walkers-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#12
Marilyn Poole, Doug Simkiss, Alice Rose, François-Xavier Li
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature comparing use of anterior and posterior walkers (PW's) by children with cerebral palsy (CP) to determine which walker type is preferable. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched using pre-defined terms by two independent reviewers. Reference lists of included studies were hand searched. Studies published between 1985 and 2016 comparing use of anterior and PW's by children with CP were included. All study designs and outcomes were accepted...
October 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961550/evidence-of-knee-extensor-dysfunction-during-sit-to-stand-following-distal-femoral-extension-osteotomy-and-patellar-tendon-advancement-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#13
Elizabeth R Boyer, Jean L Stout, Jennifer C Laine, Sarah M Gutknecht, Lucas Henrique Oliveira, Meghan E Munger, Michael H Schwartz, Tom F Novacheck
A distal femoral extension osteotomy with patellar tendon advancement (DFEO+PTA) is a common treatment for individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) who walk in crouch. Musculoskeletal modeling suggests that the typical patella baja position post-DFEO+PTA may limit one's abilities to perform sit-to-stand (STS) tasks; however, STS function has not been assessed. Our purpose was to compare how well individuals who received a DFEO+PTA can perform a 5-times STS test (FTSST) eight or more years after surgery compared to their peers who did not receive a DFEO+PTA (non-DFEO+PTA group)...
September 19, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954047/comparative-study-on-gastrostomy-and-orally-nutrition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-tetraparesis-cerebral-palsy
#14
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF) is indicated for children with feeding difficulties due to tetraspastic cerebral palsy, although there are no definitive conclusions about the benefits of GTF. OBJECTIVE: To compare nutritional status and diet of pediatric patients with tetraparesis cerebral palsy who are fed by GTF with those fed orally (PO). METHODS: A transversal and descriptive study on 54 patients with spastic tetraparesis was held...
September 21, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953186/a-novel-mobility-device-to-improve-walking-for-a-child-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Andrea Fergus
PURPOSE: To describe the use and outcomes associated with the Upsee in conjunction with Kinesiotape for a child with cerebral palsy. DESCRIPTIONS: The Upsee and Kinesiotaping were implemented for 24 weeks with a 31-month-old child with cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System level III. OUTCOMES: She progressed from walking with maximal assistance and extensive gait deviations to walking with supervision with a walker on level surfaces with improved gait...
October 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904629/reliability-of-patellar-height-indices-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-spina-bifida
#16
S A Rethlefsen, K K Barrett, T A L Wren, G Blumstein, D Gargiulo, D D Ryan, R M Kay
BACKGROUND: The Koshino (KI) and Caton-Deschamps (CDI) indices are used to measure patellar height in children, with the CDI showing excellent reliability in typically developing (TD) children. Reliability of such measures in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida (SB) is unknown. METHODS: Lateral knee radiographs were reviewed retrospectively for children with TD (n = 49), CP (n = 48) and SB (n = 42). Five raters took measurements from radiographs twice, at least two weeks apart...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892760/effects-of-inter-synergistic-mechanical-interactions-on-the-mechanical-behaviour-of-activated-spastic-semitendinosus-muscle-of-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Cemre S Kaya, Yener Temelli, Filiz Ates, Can A Yucesoy
Previous physiological experiments and finite element modelling indicate that inter-synergistic epimuscular myofascial force transmission (EMFT) between co-activated muscles has a potential to affect healthy muscle's contribution to joint moment and joint range of movement. This is quite relevant for patients with cerebral palsy (CP) since, amplitude of spastic muscle's force and the joint range of force exertion are central to the joint movement limitation. Stiffness of activated spastic muscle is also a determinant for pathological joint movement...
September 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885092/infant-discovery-learning-and-lower-extremity-coordination-influence-of-prematurity
#18
Barbara Sargent, Masayoshi Kubo, Linda Fetters
AIMS: Preterm infants at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities, including cerebral palsy, demonstrate reduced selective leg joint coordination. Full-term infants demonstrate more selective hip-knee coordination when specific leg actions are reinforced using an overhead infant mobile. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the ability of preterm infants to: (1) perform and learn through discovery, the contingency between leg action and mobile activation, and (2) demonstrate more selective hip-knee coordination when leg actions are reinforced with mobile activation...
September 8, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870053/-domestic-external-fixator-application-in-the-treatment-of-limb-deformities-7-289-cases-application-report
#19
S H Qin, B F Guo, X J Zheng, S F Jiao, H T Xia, A M Peng, Q Pan, J C Zang, Z J Wang
Objective: To discuss the clinical application and effects of domestic external fixator in the treatment of patients with malformations of limbs. Methods: A total of 7 289 patients with malformation of limbs who had been operated in Qin Sihe orthopedic surgery team from January 1989 to June 2016 were retrospective analyzed. The patients were treated with domestic external fixator, including 4 033 males and 3 256 females, aging from 2 to 82 years with a mean age of 23.4 years. There were 2 732 patients using Ilizarov external fixator, 4 713 patients using hybrid external fixator, 57 patients using monobrachial external fixator, 232 patients using Ilizarov external fixator and hybrid external fixator...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861038/alleviation-of-motor-impairments-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-acute-effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-stretch-reflex-response-voluntary-muscle-activation-and-mobility
#20
Anne Krause, Eckhard Schönau, Albert Gollhofer, Ibrahim Duran, Anja Ferrari-Malik, Kathrin Freyler, Ramona Ritzmann
INTRODUCTION: Individuals suffering from cerebral palsy (CP) often have involuntary, reflex-evoked muscle activity resulting in spastic hyperreflexia. Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been demonstrated to reduce reflex activity in healthy subjects, but evidence in CP patients is still limited. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the acute neuromuscular and kinematic effects of WBV in subjects with spastic CP. METHODS: 44 children with spastic CP were tested on neuromuscular activation and kinematics before and immediately after a 1-min bout of WBV (16-25 Hz, 1...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
keyword
keyword
108868
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"