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Robot thoracic

H-Y Deng, W-X Huang, G Li, S-X Li, J Luo, G Alai, Y Wang, L-X Liu, Y-D Lin
Whether the robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) has any advantages over the video-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (VAMIE) remains controversial. In this study, we tried to compare the short-term outcomes of RAMIE with that of VAMIE in treating middle thoracic esophageal cancer from a single medical center. Consecutive patients undergoing RAMIE or VAMIE for middle thoracic esophageal cancer from April 2016 to April 2017 were prospectively included for analysis. Baseline data and pathological findings as well as short-term outcomes of these two group (RAMIE group and VAMIE group) patients were collected and compared...
March 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Stefan O Schrade, Katrin Dätwyler, Marius Stücheli, Kathrin Studer, Daniel-Alexander Türk, Mirko Meboldt, Roger Gassert, Olivier Lambercy
BACKGROUND: Powered exoskeletons are a promising approach to restore the ability to walk after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, current exoskeletons remain limited in their walking speed and ability to support tasks of daily living, such as stair climbing or overcoming ramps. Moreover, training progress for such advanced mobility tasks is rarely reported in literature. The work presented here aims to demonstrate the basic functionality of the VariLeg exoskeleton and its ability to enable people with motor complete SCI to perform mobility tasks of daily life...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Manraj N Kaur, Feng Xie, Andrea Shiwcharan, Lisa Patterson, Yaron Shargall, Christian Finley, Colin Schieman, Terry Dalimonte, Christine Fahim, Waël C Hanna
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to compare robotic portal (RP) to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) pulmonary resections for early stage non-small cell lung cancer with respect to health care resource utilization during the first year of a robotic surgery program in thoracic oncology. METHODS: Patients who underwent anatomic lung resections using RP (n = 42) or VATS (n = 96) for early stage non-small cell lung cancer between April 2014 and March 2015 at a single institution were identified...
March 2, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Hiroshige Nakamura, Tomohiro Haruki
As surgical robots have widely spread, verification of their usefulness in the general thoracic surgery field is required. The most favorable advantage of robot-assisted surgery is the markedly free movement of joint-equipped robotic forceps under 3-dimensional high-vision. Accurate operation makes complex procedures straightforward and may overcome weak points of previous thoracoscopic surgery. Robot-assisted surgery for lung cancer and mediastinal disease have been safely introduced and initial results have shown favorable...
January 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
G Leschber
More than 200 years ago the first attempts at thoracoscopy were made but only after its introduction 25 years ago has video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) experienced rapid progress. Due to worldwide cooperation and international networking tremendous progress of the technique was made by thoracic surgeons on all continents developing the technique into a less invasive operating procedure on the thorax. For patients this meant improvement in the quality of life and ultimately better survival rates following lung cancer surgery...
February 21, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Hiroto Kitahara, Mackenzie McCrorey, Brooke Patel, Sarah Nisivaco, Husam H Balkhy
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that women carry a higher risk of morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery. We investigated sex differences in risk factors and outcomes in our patients undergoing robotic beating heart connector totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass. METHODS: From July 2013 to April 2017, patients undergoing connector totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass were reviewed. We compared the outcomes of men versus women...
February 15, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Paul L Linsky, Benjamin Wei
The best way to teach robotic thoracic surgery is still being decided. New trainees, experienced video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) surgeons, and predominantly open surgeons each have different needs when it comes to learning robotic surgery. The data shows that the learning curve and ability to learn robotics initially appears to be shorter and easier than surgeons learning VATS. Though the absolute best method for teaching is still under investigation, multiple centers have started to create systematic methods of teaching robotic surgery that increases resident autonomy while still protecting the patient...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
Shinya Takazawa, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Kanako Harada, Kyoichi Deie, Akinari Hinoki, Hiroo Uchida, Naohiko Sugita, Mamoru Mitsuishi, Tadashi Iwanaka, Jun Fujishiro
BACKGROUND: Pediatric robot-assisted surgery is increasingly being performed, but it is difficult to perform this procedure in infants. A pediatric thoracoscopic model of a 1-year-old patient was developed in our previous study, and this model was used to evaluate the use of a surgical robot for infant surgery. METHODS: Eight pediatric surgeons performed an intracorporeal suturing and knot-tying task using the da Vinci Xi Robotic Surgical System. The task completion time, number of needle manipulations, and force applied during suturing of the robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS) group were compared with those of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) group whose data had been collected from the same 8 surgeons in our previous study...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Yoshiaki Osaka, Shingo Tachibana, Yoshihiro Ota, Takeshi Suda, Yosuke Makuuti, Takafumi Watanabe, Kenichi Iwasaki, Kenji Katsumata, Akihiko Tsuchida
OBJECTIVES: We started robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy using the da Vinci surgical system from June 2010 and operated on 30 cases by December 2013. Herein, we examined the usefulness of robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy and compared it with conventional esophagectomy by right thoracotomy. METHODS: Patients requiring an invasion depth of up to the muscularis propria with preoperative diagnosis were considered for surgical adaptation, excluding bulky lymph node metastasis or salvage surgery cases...
February 3, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Patrick F Vining, Timothy M Lee, Costas S Bizekis, Michael D Zervos
Robotic resection of pulmonary lesions has become a more common approach in the field of thoracic surgery. The greatest drawback of robotic resection is the lack of tactile feedback as compared to open approaches, making identification of intrapulmonary lesion difficult. Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (navibronch) enables pre-incisional marking of pulmonary lesions for intraoperative identification. We sought to determine how effective navibronch was in our institution's robotic cases. Thirty-one patients underwent robotically assisted resection of 35 lesions with the assistance of navibronch from 7/2014 to 9/2015...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Dorn, Joel Dunning, Giuseppe Cardillo, Ralph A Schmid, Justin Collins, Jean-Marc Baste, Stefan Limmer, Ghada M M Shahin, Jan-Hendrik Egberts, Alessandro Pardolesi, Elisa Meacci, Sasha Stamenkovic, Gianluca Casali, Jens C Rueckert, Mauro Taurchini, Nicola Santelmo, Franca Melfi, Alper Toker
OBJECTIVES: As the adoption of robotic procedures becomes more widespread, additional risk related to the learning curve can be expected. This article reports the results of a Delphi process to define procedures to optimize robotic training of thoracic surgeons and to promote safe performance of established robotic interventions as, for example, lung cancer and thymoma surgery. METHODS: In June 2016, a working panel was spontaneously created by members of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) with a specialist interest in robotic thoracic surgery and/or surgical training...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Akinobu Furutani, Akio Shiomi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Hiroyasu Kagawa, Yushi Yamakawa, Shoichi Manabe, Yusuke Yamaoka, Yusuke Ogi, Yoshinobu Nagasawa, Hitoshi Hino, Shunichiro Kato, Takuya Suzuki, Kakeru Torii, Kohei Koido
Polysplenia syndrome is a rare congenital disease characterized by variable thoracic and abdominal anomalies. A man in his 70s was diagnosed with rectal cancer by close exploration for fecal occult blood. A barium enema revealed a type 1 rectal tumor andwith non-rotation of intestine. CT revealed multiple abnormalities: a polyspleen, preduodenal portal vein, congenital absence of the pancreatic tail, bilateral superior vena cava, andbilateral bilobedlung. Basedon these findings, the patient was diagnosedas having rectal cancer with polysplenia syndrome andtreatedwith robotic assistedlaparoscopic low anterior resection...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Naohiro Kajiwara, Yasufumi Kato, Masaru Hagiwara, Masatoshi Kakihana, Tatsuo Ohira, Norihiko Kawate, Norihiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: To discuss the cost-benefit performance (CBP) and establish a medical fee system for robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) under the Japanese National Health Insurance System (JNHIS), which is a system not yet firmly established. METHODS: All management steps for RATS are identical, such as preoperative and postoperative management. This study examines the CBP based on medical fees of RATS under the JNHIS introduced in 2016. RESULTS: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) and robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) now receive insurance reimbursement under the category of use of support devices for endoscopic surgery ($5420 and $3485, respectively)...
January 17, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Chia-Cheng Kuo, Chung-Hsi Hsing, Chun-I Chen, Chen-Hui Lee, Bor-Chih Cheng
Isolated ostial stenosis (IOS) is a rare disease that encroaches on aorto-coronary junction of uncertain etiology. All distal coronary vessels present normally. IOS occurs predominantly in premenopausal young women with few risk factors for atherosclerotic disease. Here, we report a 40-year-old woman who had experienced crescendo angina for 4 months. Surgical revascularization was achieved by robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) with left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft. She resumed her daily tasks without difficulties 1 week after the operation...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Hanlu Zhang, Longqi Chen, Zihao Wang, Yu Zheng, Yingcai Geng, Fuqiang Wang, Dan Liu, Andong He, Lin Ma, Yong Yuan, Yun Wang
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted McKeown esophagectomy (RAME) is a promising but technically demanding procedure, so a learning curve should be defined to guide training and allow implementation of this technique. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed a prospectively collected data of 72 consecutive patients undergoing RAME by a single surgical team experienced in open and thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy. The cumulative sum (CUSUM) method was used to analyse the learning curve...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Toshiyuki Yamada, Motohiko Osako, Tomoya Uchimuro, Ryogen Yoon, Toshiaki Morikawa, Maki Sugimoto, Hisao Suda, Hideyuki Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: As the use of minimally invasive surgery in cardiothoracic surgery increases, so does the need for simulation and training. We developed a heart model for simulation and training of minimally invasive cardiac surgery, particularly minimally invasive mitral valve repair using our new three-dimensional printing system. METHODS: Digital imaging and communication in medicine data from patient computed tomography, three-dimensional computer-aided design, and three-dimensional printing helped create replicas of the heart and thoracic cavity...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Shuenn-Wen Kuo, Pei-Ming Huang, Mong-Wei Lin, Ke-Cheng Chen, Jang-Ming Lee
Background: As an option for minimally invasive thoracic surgery, robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has shown comparable perioperative outcomes to those achieved by traditional video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). It is unknown whether RATS might have any potential benefits in more complex thoracic surgical procedures, which usually require open surgery instead of VATS. The current study presents a preliminary result regarding the use of RATS in complex thoracic operations in an attempt to address this unresolved question...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Florian Augustin, Johannes Bodner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Stevan S Pupovac, Alexander Chaudhry, Vijay A Singh
OBJECTIVE: The ability to localize pulmonary nodules via the robotic thoracic technique can be challenging at times. This is most evident when nodules are small and/or ground glass in nature. Information regarding methods available to localize these difficult nodules, while maintaining a minimally invasive robotic approach, is limited. METHODS: We describe a diagnostic and therapeutic method of combining electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy with a total minimally invasive robotic approach that identifies these difficult-to-localize pulmonary nodules...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Zhenyu Zhou, Zhitian Wang, Zhelan Zheng, Jinlin Cao, Chong Zhang, Zhehao He, Wang Lv, Jian Hu
AIM: Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has become a promising treatment for pulmonary neoplasms. During RATS, intraoperative ultrasonography can act as an "alternative finger" to "touch" and locate lesions, especially pulmonary nodules. This study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of intraoperative ultrasonographic localization during da Vinci RATS procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with pulmonary nodules were randomly divided into an Experimental Group and Control Group in which nodules were respectively located using intraoperative ultrasonography or by the surgeon's anatomic knowledge...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
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