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Robot thoracic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120928/oncologic-considerations-in-the-elderly
#1
Mohamed K Kamel, Jeffrey L Port
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Elderly patients presenting with thoracic malignancies tend to be largely undertreated because of a presumption that this group will incur a high treatment-associated morbidity and mortality. The current review highlights the current practice and recent updates in the surgical management of thoracic malignancies, mainly lung cancer, in the elderly population. RECENT FINDINGS: Lung resections appears to be relatively safe in the elderly patients presenting with lung cancer...
November 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089700/total-transthoracic-and-transabdominal-robotic-radical-three-stage-esophagectomy-initial-indian-experience
#2
S P Somashekhar, Rajshekhar C Jaka
This study aims to evaluate the safety and technical feasibility of total robot-assisted three-stage esophagectomy. From July 2011 to June 2014, 35 histologically proven resectable carcinoma esophagus patients underwent robot-assisted transthoracic and transperitoneal three-stage esophagectomy. In the initial ten cases, total docking time, thoracic docking time, total operative time, thoracic-phase operative time, and blood loss were 67.9 ± 13.24, 32.2 ± 9.74, 429.2 ± 57.65, and 96.6 ± 20...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078684/thymic-minimally-invasive-surgery-state-of-the-art-across-the-world-central-south-america
#3
REVIEW
Ricardo Mingarini Terra
Literature suggests that, for thymectomy in myasthenia or resection of thymic tumors, minimally invasive surgery is equivalent to open surgery with regard to long-term outcomes. However, it could bring some benefits in the immediate results as complication rate or length-of-stay. There are doubts about the worldwide adoption of the method, though. In Latin America, the implementation of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) started in the 1990s, but it progressed slowly. The main barriers were associated costs and training...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078672/robotic-lobectomies-when-and-why
#4
REVIEW
Sara Ricciardi, Giuseppe Cardillo, Carmelina Cristina Zirafa, Federico Davini, Franca Melfi
During the last decade, an abundance of papers has supported minimally invasive pulmonary resections (MIPR) vs. traditional open approach. Both video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and robotic thoracic surgery have shown better perioperative outcomes and equivalent oncologic results compared with thoracotomy, confirming the effectiveness of the MIPR. Despite the profound changes and improvements that have taken place throughout the years and the increasing use of robotic system worldwide, the controversy about the application of robotic surgery for lung resections is still open...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078658/minimally-invasive-surgical-procedures-for-thymic-disease-in-asia
#5
REVIEW
Meinoshin Okumura, Yasushi Shintani, Mitsunori Ohta, Yoshihisa Kadota, Masayoshi Inoue, Hiroyuki Shiono
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) procedures for thymic tumors and myasthenia gravis were introduced in Asia in the middle 1990s in at least two regions, Hong Kong and Japan. To overcome difficulties in obtaining a wide view of the anterior mediastinum, several methods for lifting the sternum or anterior chest wall have been presented, mainly by Japanese surgeons. More recently, single port VATS through a subxiphoid incision was also introduced in Japan. The long-term outcome of a VATS extended thymectomy for myasthenia gravis has been shown to be comparable to that of a trans-sternal extended thymectomy, while the long-term outcome of a VATS thymectomy for thymic epithelial tumors remains to be elucidated...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078642/three-dimensional-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-pulmonary-resections-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Duilio Divisi, Mirko Barone, Roberto Crisci
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) allows to treat pulmonary and mediastinal diseases although two-dimensional (2D) imaging can make difficult to estimate the morphological and topographical characteristics of a lesion. Some technical aspects have certainly been corrected with the introduction of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS), although not widespread in less economically developed countries. As an emerging imaging system and technique, 3D VATS is an interesting resource for thoracic surgeons and it may be a proper and valid aid in minimally-invasive surgery, but not an alternative or a compromise to the most expensive robotic technology...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078641/robotic-assisted-lobectomy-for-locally-advanced-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Giulia Veronesi, Pierluigi Novellis, Orazio Difrancesco, Mark Dylewski
Some series report the use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but, few studies describe the use of the robotic approach specifically for locally advanced disease. One potential advantage of the robotic approach over traditional VATS is the increased radicality. While the benefit of the robotic approach over open thoracotomy is directly related to reduced surgical trauma and the improved tolerability in fragile patients that have received induction treatment...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078638/subxiphoid-thymectomy-single-port-dual-port-and-robot-assisted
#8
Takashi Suda
Currently, surgical techniques that are less invasive than conventional median sternotomy are used for thymectomy in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and anterior mediastinal tumors as no sternal incision is required. We reported on a subxiphoid single-port thymectomy using CO2 insufflation, which has the following advantages: (I) the field of view offered by the camera scope inserted from the midline of the body helps confirm the location of the superior pole of the thymus and bilateral phrenic nerves; (II) there is minimal pain and no intercostal neuropathy occurs as intercostal spaces are not traversed; and (III) cosmetic outcomes are excellent...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078624/the-role-of-wet-lab-in-thoracic-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Benedetta Bedetti, Philipp Schnorr, Joachim Schmidt, Marco Scarci
During the last three decades, minimally invasive surgery has become common practice in all kinds of surgical disciplines and, in Thoracic Surgery, the minimally invasive approach is recommended as the treatment of choice for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Nevertheless, all over the world a large number of lobectomies is still performed by conventional open thoracotomy and not as video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), which shows the need of a proper training for this technique. Development and improvement of surgical skills are not only challenging and time-consuming components of the training curriculum for resident or fellow surgeons, but also for more experienced consultants learning new techniques...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078618/transition-from-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-to-robotic-pulmonary-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Takashi Suda
The "da Vinci Surgical System" is a robotic surgical system that utilizes multi-jointed robotic arms and a high-resolution three-dimensional video-monitoring system. We report on the state of transition from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to robotic pulmonary surgery, the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery compared to VATS, and the future of robotic surgery. Surgery utilizing the da Vinci Surgical System requires a console surgeon and assistant who have been certified by Intuitive Surgical, Inc...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078608/new-stapling-devices-in-robotic-surgery
#11
Domenico Galetta, Monica Casiraghi, Alessandro Pardolesi, Alessandro Borri, Lorenzo Spaggiari
Minimally invasive thoracic surgery is rapidly diffusing worldwide. Robotic anatomic pulmonary resection is gaining popularity and acceptance in the thoracic community for the reported feasibility, safety, and good outcomes. The last available robotic system, da Vinci Xi System, added new technical improvements on robotic device allowing best performances in robotic lung resection. We report our initial experience in the use of EndoWrist Stapler during robotic anatomic surgery for lung cancer.
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078607/robotics-in-general-thoracic-surgery-procedures
#12
REVIEW
M Jawad Latif, Bernard J Park
The use of robotic technology in general thoracic surgical practice continues to expand across various institutions and at this point many major common thoracic surgical procedures have been successfully performed by general thoracic surgeons using the robotic technology. These procedures include lung resections, excision of mediastinal masses, esophagectomy and reconstruction for malignant and benign esophageal pathologies. The success of robotic technology can be attributed to highly magnified 3-D visualization, dexterity afforded by 7 degrees of freedom that allow difficult dissections in narrow fields and the ease of reproducibility once the initial set up and instruments become familiar to the surgeon...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078602/robotic-lung-cancer-surgery-review-of-experience-and-costs
#13
REVIEW
Pierluigi Novellis, Marco Alloisio, Elena Vanni, Edoardo Bottoni, Umberto Cariboni, Giulia Veronesi
Use of robot-assisted techniques is growing fast in several surgical disciplines, now including thoracic surgery. The paper reviews experience of robotic surgery to resect lung cancer and in particular analyzes data on the costs of these procedures in comparison to open surgery and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Retrospective studies published over 14 years show that robotic surgery for lung cancer has the advantages of minimally invasive surgery for patients, and some advantages over VATS for the surgeon...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078592/technological-aids-in-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Sonia Raquelline Roque Cañas, Alonso José Oviedo Argueta, Ching Feng Wu, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas
With the evolution of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), the technological aids have come to help skill surgeons to improve the results in thoracic surgery and feasible to perform a complex surgery. The technological aids are divided into three important groups, which make surgical steps easy to perform, besides reducing surgical time and surgical accidents in the hands of experienced surgeons. The groups are: (I) conventional thoracoscopic instruments; (II) sealing devices using in uniportal VATS; (III) high definition cameras, robotic arms prototype and the future robotic aids for uniportal VATS surgery...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078590/what-happens-while-learning-robotic-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Mehmet Oğuzhan Özyurtkan, Erkan Kaba, Alper Toker
A surgeon needs to perform a sufficient number of procedures to achieve a level of proficiency. Learning curves demonstrate ongoing improvement in efficiency over the course of a surgeon's carrier. When the surgeon learns the procedure, this means that he has the ability to perform that procedure safely and effectively. The instruction of the da Vinci Surgical System (Initiative Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) provoked the need for preparing surgeons for complex robotic skills. As low as 5 repetitions are enough to achieve proficiency on basic robotic skills...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078585/robotic-surgery-for-lung-resections-total-port-approach-advantages-and-disadvantages
#16
REVIEW
Omar I Ramadan, Benjamin Wei, Robert J Cerfolio
Minimally invasive thoracic surgery, when compared with open thoracotomy, has been shown to have improved perioperative outcomes as well as comparable long-term survival. Robotic surgery represents a powerful advancement of minimally invasive surgery, with vastly improved visualization and instrument maneuverability, and is increasingly popular for thoracic surgery. However, there remains debate over the best robotic approaches for lung resection, with several different techniques evidenced and described in the literature...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078578/robotic-lung-resections-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-based-approach
#17
REVIEW
Alper Toker, Erkan Kaba, Kemal Ayalp, Mehmet Oğuzhan Özyurtkan
Advances in technology cause major developments in minimally invasive thoracic surgery practice. The expected benefits of minimally invasive pulmonary surgery are clear and mostly as follows; shorter hospital stay, fast recovery, less pain, and decreased morbidity and mortality. Robotic surgery with improved visualization and instrumental technical capabilities has become an attractive tool for surgeons who are performing lung resections. However, robotic surgery still seems far away from standardization even in the basic fundamental which is "the best approach for docking"...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078574/tips-and-tricks-to-decrease-the-duration-of-operation-in-robotic-surgery-for-lung-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Omar I Ramadan, Robert J Cerfolio, Benjamin Wei
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for lung cancer has been associated with decreased perioperative morbidity while maintaining similar long-term survival when compared to open thoracotomy. Robotic thoracic surgery constitutes an evolutionary step in this field, beckoning dramatic advancements both in visualization as well as surgical instrument range of motion and ergonomics. As such, robotic thoracic surgery is growing in adoption worldwide. One of its oft-cited disadvantages, however, is increased operative time, especially for less-experienced surgeons...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075497/traumatic-left-main-bronchial-rupture-delayed-but-successful-outcome-of-robotic-assisted-reconstruction
#19
Hu-Lin C Wang, Cheng-Hung How, Heng-Fu Lin, Jang-Ming Lee
Tracheobronchial injuries are rare but life-threatening conditions in patients with blunt thoracic trauma. The diagnosis and management of such injury may often be delayed due to other concomitant severe injuries. No reported case of a robotic-assisted bronchial reconstruction has ever been performed for a traumatic bronchial injury. A 23-year-old male suffered from traumatic left main bronchial (LMB) rupture with an initial presentation of pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum that eventually progressed to left main bronchus fibrosis and total obstruction, which led to left lung atelectasis and consolidation...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070457/-robotic-surgery-versus-conventional-open-chest-surgery-for-heart-tumor-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#20
Shuang-Lei Li, Chang-Qing Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare conventional open chest surgery and robotic surgery for their efficacy, short?term outcomes and patient selection in the treatment of heart tumors. Method The clinical data were collected from 225 patients (a total of 228 operations) who underwent cardiac neoplasm resection in our hospital between January, 1993 and April, 2016. A propensity score matching (PSM) was established according to the vital baseline data of the patients receiving conventional open chest surgery (n=125) and robotic surgery (n=60) after screening...
October 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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