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"Discharge process"

Shuxin Liu, Haibin Wang, Jianfeng Gao, Jichuan He, Guoqiang Yu, Tianming Zhou
The Li3PO4 modified LiFePO4/C and Li4P2O7 modified LiFePO4/C cathode materials were synthesized by in-situ synthesis method, respectively. Phase compositions and microstructures of the products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscope (SEM). Results indicate that Li3PO4 and Li4P2O7 can sufficiently coat on the LiFePO4 surface and does not alter LiFePO4 crystal structure. The electrochemical behavior of cathode materials was analyzed using galvanostatic measurement and cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Narelle Warren, Karin Walford, Annisha Susilo, Peter Wayne New
Objective: To explore the influence of health communications on the emotional consequences of delays in transfer from acute hospital into a spinal rehabilitation unit (SRU) or delays in discharge from SRU. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in this exploratory, thematic qualitative research design in an SRU, Melbourne, Australia. Results: Six patients experienced delay in admission to (n = 4) or discharge from (n = 3) the SRU, with one person experiencing both an admission and discharge delay...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Hunter Singh Lau, Matthew M Hollander, Jeremy T Cushman, Eva H DuGoff, Courtney M C Jones, Amy J H Kind, Michael T Lohmeier, Eric A Coleman, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVE: The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) has potential to improve the emergency department (ED)-to-home transition for older adults. Community paramedics may function as the CTI coaches; however, this requires the appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitudes, which they do not receive in traditional emergency medical services (EMS) education. This study aimed to define community paramedics' perceptions regarding their training needs to serve as CTI coaches supporting the ED-to-home transition...
February 12, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Sydney Breneol, Aaron Hatty, Andrea Bishop, Janet A Curran
PROBLEM: Patients and caregivers frequently report feeling ill-prepared during the transition from hospital to home. Given the privileged position nurses occupy within the health care setting, they are often an appropriate health care professional to lead the discharge process. We aimed to map what is currently known about nurse-led/facilitated discharge programs, interventions, models, or frameworks for the pediatric population. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We conducted a scoping review following the Joanna Briggs Institute Methodology...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Yaara Zisman-Ilani, David Roe, Glyn Elwyn, Haggai Kupermintz, Noa Patya, Ido Peleg, Orit Karnieli-Miller
Shared decision making (SDM) is an effective health communication model designed to facilitate patient engagement in treatment decision making. In mental health, SDM has been applied and evaluated for medications decision making but less for its contribution to personal recovery and rehabilitation in psychiatric settings. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effect of SDM in choosing community psychiatric rehabilitation services before discharge from psychiatric hospitalization. A pre-post non-randomized design with two consecutive inpatient cohorts, SDM intervention (N = 51) and standard care (N = 50), was applied in two psychiatric hospitals in Israel...
February 2, 2018: Health Communication
Adam L Collins, Carlos G Camara, Eli Van Cleve, Seth J Putterman
Triboelectrification has been studied for over 2500 years, yet there is still a lack of fundamental understanding as to its origin. Given its utility in areas such as xerography, powder spray painting, and energy harvesting, many devices have been made to investigate triboelectrification at many length-scales, though few seek to additionally make use of triboluminescence: the emission of electromagnetic radiation immediately following a charge separation event. As devices for measuring triboelectrification became smaller and smaller, now measuring down to the atomic scale with atomic force microscope based designs, an appreciation for the collective and multi-scale nature of triboelectrification has perhaps abated...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
Zhongqiu Tong, Shikun Liu, Xingang Li, Liqiang Mai, Jiupeng Zhao, Yao Li
Smart electrochromic windows integrated with electrochemical energy storage capacity are receiving increasing interest for green buildings. However, the fabrication of bifunctional devices that demonstrate high-rate capability with stable and desirable optical modulation still remains a great challenge. Herein, a facile sacrificial template-accelerated hydrolysis approach is presented to prepare a designed lithium-ion insertion-type material layer on a fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate, with TiO2 mesoporous nanotube array (MNTA) film as an example, with rapid Li-ion insertion kinetics and without sacrificing window transparency, to meet requirements...
January 31, 2018: Nanoscale
Nicole F Habit, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
PURPOSE OF PROJECT: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to reduce 30-day readmission rates to inpatient psychiatric hospitals by standardizing discharge processes by including scheduling outpatient psychiatric appointments for all patients at discharge and also to include the mailing postal reminders to prompt patients to attend their first outpatient mental health appointment following treatment. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Inpatient psychiatric hospital...
March 2018: Professional Case Management
Dara H Sorkin, Alpesh Amin, David L Weimer, Joseph Sharit, Heather Ladd, Dana B Mukamel
PURPOSE OF STUDY: A currently proposed rule by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services would require providers to devote more resources to discharge planning from hospitals to ensure the prioritization of patient preferences and goals in the discharge planning process. Annually, more than 3 million persons enter a nursing home in the United States, with the vast majority of patients coming directly from hospitals. Although early evidence suggests more family involvement than patient involvement in the discharge process, most of this work has relied on retrospective reports of the decision-making process postplacement...
March 2018: Professional Case Management
Sajid A Shaikh, Richard D Robinson, Radhika Cheeti, Shyamanand Rath, Chad D Cowden, Frank Rosinia, Nestor R Zenarosa, Hao Wang
BACKGROUND: Prolonged hospital discharge boarding can impact patient flow resulting in upstream Emergency Department crowding. We aim to determine the risks predicting prolonged hospital discharge boarding and their direct and indirect effects on patient flow. METHODS: Retrospective review of a single hospital discharge database was conducted. Variables including type of disposition, disposition boarding time, case management consultation, discharge medications prescriptions, severity of illness, and patient homeless status were analyzed in a multivariate logistic regression model...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Qianqian Wang, Quan Zong, Chunlei Zhang, Hui Yang, Qilong Zhang
Homogeneous SnO2 hollow spheres have been synthesized through a hydrothermal method without a template, followed by in situ polymerization of PANI. The resulting SnO2 hollow spheres were uniformly deposited onto the surface or embedded into the PANI nanofibers to form a SnO2-PANI network structure. As electrode materials, the SnO2-PANI composites exhibit greatly enhanced specific capacitance (477 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1) and superior cycling performance (no capacitance loss after 3000 galvanostatic charge-discharge cycles)...
January 26, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Armando González-Macías, Fernando Salazar Posadas, Alvaro Miranda, Alejandro Trejo Baños, Luis A Perez, Eliel Carvajal, Miguel Cruz-Irisson
Semiconductor nanowire arrays promise rapid development of a new generation of lithium (Li) batteries because they can store more Li atoms than conventional crystals due to their large surface areas. During the charge-discharge process, the electrodes experience internal stresses that fatigue the material and limit the useful life of the battery. The study of the electronic and mechanical properties of lithiated nanowire arrays using theoretical models allows designing electrode materials that improve battery performance...
January 26, 2018: Nanotechnology
Ajay Jagadale, Xuan Zhou, Douglas Blaisdell, Sen Yang
Lithium ion capacitors possess an ability to bridge the gap between lithium ion battery and supercapacitor. The main concern of fabricating lithium ion capacitors is poor rate capability and cyclic stability of the anode material which uses sluggish faradaic reactions to store an electric charge. Herein, we have fabricated high performance hybrid anode material based on carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and cobalt-nickel sulfide (CoNi2S4) nanoparticles via simple electrospinning and electrodeposition methods. Porous and high conducting CNF@CoNi2S4 electrode acts as an expressway network for electronic and ionic diffusion during charging-discharging processes...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wivica Kauppi, Matilda Proos, Sepideh Olausson
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) discharges are challenging practices that carry risks for patients. Despite the existing body of knowledge, there are still difficulties in clinical practice concerning unplanned ICU discharges, specifically where there is no step-down unit. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore general ward nurses' experiences of caring for patients being discharged from an ICU. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from focus groups and in-depth interviews with a total of 16 nurses from three different hospitals in Sweden...
January 22, 2018: Nursing in Critical Care
Kun Feng, Matthew Li, Wenwen Liu, Ali Ghorbani Kashkooli, Xingcheng Xiao, Mei Cai, Zhongwei Chen
Silicon has been intensively studied as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIB) because of its exceptionally high specific capacity. However, silicon-based anode materials usually suffer from large volume change during the charge and discharge process, leading to subsequent pulverization of silicon, loss of electric contact, and continuous side reactions. These transformations cause poor cycle life and hinder the wide commercialization of silicon for LIBs. The lithiation and delithiation behaviors, and the interphase reaction mechanisms, are progressively studied and understood...
January 22, 2018: Small
Jie Zhang, Ruixia Chu, Yanli Chen, Heng Jiang, Ying Zhang, Nay Ming Huang, Hang Guo
Binder-free nickle cobaltite on carbon nanofiber (NiCo2O4@CNF) anode for lithium ion batteries was prepared via a two-step procedure of electrospinning and electrodeposition. The CNF was obtained by annealing the electrospun poly-acrylonitrile (PAN) in the nitrogen (N2). The NiCo2O4 nanostructures were then grown on the CNF by electrodeposition, followed by annealing in the air. Experimental results showed vertically aligned NiCo2O4 nanosheets were uniformly grown on the surface of CNF, forming an interconnected network...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Nowreen Haq, Rona Stewart-Corral, Eric Hamrock, Jamie Perin, Waseem Khaliq
Shortening emergency department (ED) boarding time and managing hospital bed capacity by expediting the inpatient discharge process have been challenging for hospitals nationwide. The objective of this study is was to explore the effect of an innovative prospective intervention on hospital workflow, specifically on early inpatient discharges and the ED boarding time. The intervention consisted of a structured nursing "admission discharge transfer" (ADT) protocol receiving new admissions from the ED and helping out floor nursing with early discharges...
January 15, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Xu-Jia Hong, Tian-Xiong Tan, Yu-Kai Guo, Xue-Ying Tang, Jian-Yi Wang, Wei Qin, Yue-Peng Cai
A lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is regarded as the most promising candidate for next generation energy storage systems, because of its high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mA h g-1) and specific energy (2500 W h kg-1), as well as the abundance, low cost and environmental benignity of sulfur. However, the soluble polysulfides Li2Sx (4 ≤ x ≤ 8) produced during the discharge process can cause the so-called "shuttle effect" and lead to low coulombic efficiency and rapid capacity fading of the batteries, which seriously restrict their practical application...
January 11, 2018: Nanoscale
Daniel Selvig, Justin L Sewell, Delphine S Tuot, Lukejohn W Day
BACKGROUND: To reduce unnecessary ambulatory gastroenterology (GI) visits and increase access to GI care, San Francisco Health Network gastroenterologists and primary care providers implemented guidelines in 2013 that discharged certain patients back to primary care after endoscopy with formal written recommendations. This study assesses the longer-term impact of this policy on GI clinic access, workflow, and provider satisfaction. METHODS: An email-based survey assessed gastroenterologist and primary care provider (PCP) opinions about the discharge process...
January 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Guanghui Yuan, Jiming Xiang, Huafeng Jin, Lizhou Wu, Yanzi Jin, Yan Zhao
A novel binary nanocomposite, ZnO/nitrogen-doped graphene (ZnO/NG), is synthesized via a facile solution method. In this prepared ZnO/NG composite, highly-crystalline ZnO nanoparticles with a size of about 10 nm are anchored uniformly on the N-doped graphene nanosheets. Electrochemical properties of the ZnO/NG composite as anode materials are systematically investigated in lithium-ion batteries. Specifically, the ZnO/NG composite can maintain the reversible specific discharge capacity at 870 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at 100 mA g-1...
January 10, 2018: Materials
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