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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213631/destroying-god-s-temple-physical-inactivity-poor-diet-obesity-and-other-sin-behaviors
#1
Mark D Faries, Megan McClendon, Eric J Jones
On average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God's temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common "sin" behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and excessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212621/feasibility-of-an-implementation-strategy-for-the-integration-of-health-promotion-in-routine-primary-care-a-quantitative-process-evaluation
#2
Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Josep M Cortada, Haizea Pombo, Catalina Martinez, Mary Helen Corrales, Enrique de la Peña, Justo Mugica, Esther Gorostiza
BACKGROUND: Process evaluation is recommended to improve the understanding of underlying mechanisms related to clinicians, patients, context and intervention delivery that may impact on trial or program results, feasibility and transferability to practice. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Prescribe Healthy Life (PVS from the Spanish "Prescribe Vida Saludable") implementation strategy for enhancing the adoption and implementation of an evidence-based health promotion intervention in primary health care...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212606/the-implementation-of-health-promotion-in-primary-and-community-care-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-prescribe-vida-saludable-strategy
#3
Catalina Martinez, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Josep M Cortada, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Haizea Pombo, Paola Bully
BACKGROUND: The impact of lifestyle on health is undeniable and effective healthy lifestyle promotion interventions do exist. However, this is not a fundamental part of routine primary care clinical practice. We describe factors that determine changes in performance of primary health care centers involved in piloting the health promotion innovation 'Prescribe Vida Saludable' (PVS) phase II. METHODS: We engaged four primary health care centers of the Basque Healthcare Service in an action research project aimed at changing preventive health practices...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#4
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203292/the-waist-circumference-adjusted-associations-between-hyperuricemia-and-other-lifestyle-related-diseases
#5
Taiju Miyagami, Hirohide Yokokawa, Kazutoshi Fujibayashi, Toshiaki Gunji, Noriko Sasabe, Mitsue Okumura, Kimiko Iijima, Toshio Naito
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the associations between hyperuricemia and lifestyle-related diseases after adjusting for waist circumference (WC) and sex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 33,498 Japanese individuals, and was conducted at the Center for Preventive Medicine, NTT Kanto Medical Center, Tokyo, from May 2006 to March 2015. Hyperuricemia was defined as a uric acid level of >7 mg/dl in men; >6 mg/dl in women. Metabolic syndrome (Mets) components were defined using the Japanese criteria for Mets...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190659/demographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-survival-among-patients-with-esophageal-and-gastric-cancer-the-biobank-japan-project
#6
Emiko Okada, Shigekazu Ukawa, Koshi Nakamura, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Nagai, Koichi Matsuda, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yutaka Kiyohara, Kaori Muto, Yoichiro Kamatani, Zentaro Yamagata, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have evaluated associations between the characteristics of patients with esophageal and gastric cancer and survival, but these associations remain unclear. We described the distribution of demographic and lifestyle factors among patients with esophageal and gastric cancer in Japan, and investigated their potential effects on survival. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2007, 24- to 95-year-old Japanese patients with esophageal and gastric cancer were enrolled in the BioBank Japan Project...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#7
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188973/association-between-sarcopenia-and-nutritional-status-and-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-chinese-adults-aged-60%C3%A2-years-and-older
#8
Shan Hai, Li Cao, Hui Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Ping Liu, Ying Yang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study was carried out on 836 community-dwelling Chinese individuals aged ≥60 years to evaluate sarcopenia using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle habits were collected using a general questionnaire...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186827/exploration-of-the-perceived-and-actual-benefits-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-the-impact-of-fads1-and-fads2-genetic-information-on-dietary-intake-and-blood-levels-of-epa-and-dha
#9
Kaitlin Roke
From a global health perspective, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are beneficial for human health. However, the consumption of EPA- and DHA-rich foods such as fatty fish is low in the Western diet. Therefore, finding new ways to motivate people to increase their consumption of omega-3 FAs is essential. To find effective ways to motivate individuals, understanding people's awareness of omega-3 FAs and how they obtain their knowledge about nutrition and health is critical...
February 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186352/analysis-of-clinical-symptoms-and-abcc6-mutations-in-76-japanese-patients-with-pseudoxanthoma-elasticum
#10
Akira Iwanaga, Yumi Okubo, Mariko Yozaki, Yuta Koike, Yutaka Kuwatsuka, Saori Tomimura, Yosuke Yamamoto, Hiroshi Tamura, Satoshi Ikeda, Koji Maemura, Eiko Tsuiki, Takashi Kitaoka, Yuichiro Endo, Hiroyuki Mishima, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Tomoo Ogi, Hideaki Tanizaki, Mari Wataya-Kaneda, Tomoyasu Hattori, Atsushi Utani
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a hereditary disease, causing calcification and degeneration of elastic fibers, which affects the skin, eye, cardiovascular systems and gastrointestinal tract. PXE is caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene. Neither detailed nor large-scale analyses have been accomplished in Japanese patients with PXE. We, therefore, investigated clinical symptoms and ABCC6 gene mutations in 76 Japanese patients. Japanese PXE patients (n = 76) had a significantly lower incidence of vascular lesions than 505 PXE patients in the Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD) (38...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185718/is-car-use-related-with-successful-aging-of-older-adults-results-from-the-multinational-mediterranean-islands-study
#11
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Marianthi Morena, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, George Soulis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
PURPOSE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relation between car use and the level of successful aging of a random sample of older adults living in the Mediterranean basin. METHODS: During 2005-2011, 2749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 22 islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled in the Mediterranean islands cross-sectional study. Sociodemographics, medical conditions, and dietary and lifestyle habits were derived throughout standard procedures...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#12
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178283/behavioral-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-bangui-of-central-african-republic-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#13
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Henok Kessete Afewerky, Cavin Bekolo, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Antoine Doui Doumgba, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
Breast cancer is recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very little evidence of behavioral factors associated with breast cancer risk. This study was conducted to identify lifestyles as risk factors for breast cancer among Central African women. A case-control study was conducted with 174 cases confirmed histologically by the pathology unit of the National Laboratory and 348 age-matched controls. Data collection tools included a questionnaire with interviews and medical records of patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178194/preventive-healthcare-a-neural-network-analysis-of-behavioral-habits-and-chronic-diseases
#14
Viju Raghupathi, Wullianallur Raghupathi
The research aims to explore the association between behavioral habits and chronic diseases, and to identify a portfolio of risk factors for preventive healthcare. The data is taken from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) database of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for the year 2012. Using SPSS Modeler, we deploy neural networks to identify strong positive and negative associations between certain chronic diseases and behavioral habits. The data for 475,687 records from BRFS database included behavioral habit variables of consumption of soda and fruits/vegetables, alcohol, smoking, weekly working hours, and exercise; chronic disease variables of heart attack, stroke, asthma, and diabetes; and demographic variables of marital status, income, and age...
February 6, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#15
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173690/the-impact-of-the-financial-crisis-on-lifestyle-health-determinants-among-older-adults-living-in-the-mediterranean-region-the-multinational-medis-study-2005-2015
#16
Alexandra Foscolou, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Objectives: By the end of the 2000s, the economic situation in many European countries started to deteriorate, generating financial uncertainty, social insecurity and worse health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the recent financial crisis has affected the lifestyle health determinants and behaviours of older adults living in the Mediterranean islands. Methods: From 2005 to 2015, a population-based, multi-stage convenience sampling method was used to voluntarily enrol 2749 older adults (50% men) from 20 Mediterranean islands and the rural area of the Mani peninsula...
January 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169463/relationship-between-epigenetic-regulation-dietary-habits-and-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-theory
#17
REVIEW
Kazuki Mochizuki, Natsuyo Hariya, Kazue Honma, Toshinao Goda
Environmental stressors during developmental stages are hypothesized to increase the risk of developing metabolic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and psychiatric diseases during later life. This theory is known as the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Recent studies suggest that accumulation of environmental stress, including during developmental stages, is internalized as acquired information designated as "epigenetic memory." This epigenetic memory is generally indicated as DNA methylation and histone modifications in the chromatin...
February 7, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168201/effectiveness-of-a-group-based-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-intervention-program-on-changes-in-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#18
Rupal M Patel, Ranjita Misra, Sudha Raj, Ashok Balasubramanyam
This study used an experimental, pretest-posttest control group repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention program to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Gujarati Asian Indians (AIs) in an urban community in the US. Participants included 70 adult AIs in the greater Houston metropolitan area. The primary outcomes were reduction in weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and improvement in physical activity. Participants were screened for risk factors and randomly assigned to a 12-week group-based lifestyle intervention program (n = 34) or a control group (n = 36) that received standard print material on diabetes prevention...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167145/the-miia-motif-is-a-common-marker-present-in-polytopic-surface-proteins-of-oral-and-urinary-tract-invasive-bacteria
#19
Antonio J Martín-Galiano
Many surface virulence factors of bacterial pathogens show mosaicism and confounding phylogenetic origin. The Streptococcus gordonii platelet-binding GspB protein, the Streptococcus sanguinis SrpA adhesin and the Streptococcus pneumoniae DiiA protein, share an imperfect 27-residue motif. Given the disparate domain architectures of these proteins and its association to invasive disease, this motif was named MiiA from Multiarchitecture invasion-involved motif A. MiiA is predicted to adopt a beta-sheet folding, probably related to the Ig-like fold, with a symmetrical positioning of two conserved aspartic residues...
February 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155749/-aims-to-set-up-physical-activity-promotion-workshops-in-health-centres-to-help-people-with-a-sedentary-lifestyle-achieve-an-adequate-level-of-physical-activity-methods-this-health-programme-called-8216-bougeons-notre-sant-233-8217-let-8217-s-move-our-health
#20
Catherine Bouté, Elisabeth Cailliez, Alain D Hour, Didier Goxe, Gaëlle Gusto, Nane Copin, Olivier Lantieri
This health promotion programme is feasible and effective: an increase in the physical activity of participants was observed, together with a favourable impact on perceived health, well-being and social links. These workshops are integrated into a network of associations and institutional partners and could be implemented by similar social or health organisations.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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