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Lifestyle habits

Silvia Rodríguez-Mireles, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Lluís Serra-Majem, Aránzazu Hernández-Yumar, Patricia Barber-Pérez, Jaime Pinilla-Domínguez, Santiago Rodríguez-Feijoo, Alejandro Rodríguez-Caro
Despite proposed conceptual frameworks of eating behaviors, little is known about environmental factors contributing to changes in food habits. Few studies have reported the external influence of tourism on the inhabitants' eating patterns. The present study aimed to investigate whether tourism pressure affects Canary Islands inhabitants' adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern. Data were obtained from a health and lifestyle population-based survey conducted in 2009 and 2015. From the reported intake frequency, a Mediterranean diet score was defined (0 to 11 points)...
September 20, 2018: Nutrients
Abhishek Shankar, Shubham Roy, Goura Kishor Rath, Abhijit Chakraborty, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Aalekhya Sharma Biswas
PURPOSE: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in India. Our study assessed the level and impact of awareness programs in the adoption of safe practices in prevention and early detection. METHODS: This assessment was part of a Pink Chain Campaign, the mission of which is to fight cancer. During cancer awareness events from 2013 to 2015 at various women's colleges in different parts in India, a pretest related to cervical cancer was followed by an awareness program...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Hee-Sook Lim, Sung-In Ji, Hyeonji Hwang, Jeongmmok Kang, Yoon-Hyung Park, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim
Background: The importance of bone health is emphasized throughout the life cycle. Young adults have problems with bone health due to irregular lifestyle and unbalanced diet, but studies related to them are insufficient. The purpose of this study was to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) of college students and to analyze the differences in BMD according to lifestyle. Methods: BMD was measured by bone ultrasound in 161 male and female college students. The questionnaire was surveyed about lifestyle, eating habits, and nutrient intake status...
August 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Maria Luisa Scapellato, Vera Comiati, Alessandra Buja, Giulia Buttignol, Romina Valentini, Valentina Burati, Lucia La Serra, Isabella Maccà, Paola Mason, Pasquale Scopa, Anna Volpin, Andrea Trevisan, Paolo Spinella
Health care workers (HCWs) are prone to a heavy psycho-physical workload. Health promotion programs can help prevent the onset of chronic and work-related diseases. The aim of the STI-VI 'before-and-after' study, with assessments scheduled at 6 and 12 months, was to improve the lifestyle of HCWs with at least one cardiovascular risk factor. A tailored motivational counseling intervention, focusing on dietary habits and physical activity (PA) was administered to 167 HCWs (53 males; 114 females). BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, and cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood glucose levels were measured before and after the intervention...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yu Guo, Mingmin Xu, Jialei Zhang, Qingchuan Hu, Zhengkun Zhou, Zeren Wei, Jian Yan, Yue Chen, Jianxuan Lyu, Xiaoqian Shao, Ying Wang, Jiamei Guo, Yulong Wei
BACKGROUND: The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world due to lifestyle or behavior habits changes, and pervasive presence of the Internet. Thus it is urgent to improve their health in college life. As a traditional Qigong form is practiced mainly in a standing posture. Three-Circle Post Standing Qigong (TCPSQ) is suitable for regular practicing and has beneficial effects on improving the physiological function and psychological emotion by adjusting body, breathing, and mind...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Paul Sharp, Joan L Bottorff, Kate Hunt, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Lauren Dudley, Cristina M Caperchione
Men in high income countries have poorer dietary habits and higher rates of overweight and obesity than women. A major challenge with engaging men in health promotion is the perception that attention to one's health runs counter to masculine identities. Contemporary health promotion programs are believed to hold little "manly" appeal and often fail to engage and retain men. The HAT TRICK program was designed to engage men with their health by delivering an intervention in collaboration with a semi-professional ice hockey team...
September 20, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Priyanka Negi, Aprajita Mishra, Pramesh Lakhera
Background: This study tried to find out the prevalence of menstrual abnormalities in adolescent girls and their association with dietary and exercise pattern in Garhwal region of India. Materials and Methods: In this study, cross-sectional questionnaires survey was conducted in different schools of Garhwal. These questionnaires were based on socioeconomic data, dietary and physical activities, and menstrual abnormalities. Results: The age of menarche was 13...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Behjat Kalantari-Khandani, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mohsen Momeni, Mina Danaei
The co-occurrence of different types of hemo-lymphopoietic malignancies within a family provides clues about the pattern of inheritance and common environmental risk factors. A family presented with developing hemo-lymphopoietic cancers in three female first-degree relatives: a mother and her daughters. Case 1 was diagnosed with Walden Strom's macroglobulinemia at age 57. Case 2 and 3 presented with chronic myelogenous leukemia at age 32 and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma at age 28, respectively. There were not any significant common environmental risk factors in this family, but all three cases suffered from skin dermatitis and one of them, who suffered from chronic myelogenous leukemia, was diagnosed with morphea...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
Christina Tsitsimpikou, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Fotini Vasilaki, Petros Papalexis, Georgios Dryllis, Athanasios Choursalas, Demetrios A Spandidos, Aristides Tsatsakis, Ekaterina Charvalos, Flora Bacopoulou
Tobacco, alcohol and drug abuse constitute a public health concern. Data regarding health risk behaviors among Greek youth are scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate health risk behaviors of a large adolescent sample (730 adolescents, 294 males and 436 females), residing in different areas of Greece, trace perceived side effects and associate the findings with the adopted lifestyle. High school students and University newcomers, aged 14-21 years (17.8±4.5 years), self-reported health risk behaviors via an anonymous, closed-type, validated questionnaire...
October 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Zhikun Gai, Liwu Lu, Wenjin Zhao, Min Zhu
The 438-370-million-year-old galeaspids, diversified armoured jawless vertebrates ('ostracoderms') from China and northern Vietnam, were assumed to have a benthic feeding habit in a coastal, marine environment. Here, we describe two new genera of galeaspid fishes, Platylomaspis gen. nov. and Nanningaspis gen. nov. from the Middle Palaeozoic of China. The two new forms are characterized by a rostral process and strikingly broad ventral rim, and clustered with Gumuaspis to form a new family, Gumuaspidae, which represents the most primitive clade of Polybranchiaspiformes...
2018: PloS One
Dario Monzani, Marco D'Addario, Francesco Fattirolli, Cristina Giannattasio, Andrea Greco, Francesco Quarenghi, Patrizia Steca
BACKGROUND: Healthy lifestyles are modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) onset and recurrence. While unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together within the general healthy population, little is known about the prevalence and clustering of these behaviours in people with ACS before and after the first acute event. The aim of this study was to identify lifestyle profiles of patients with ACS and to explore their change after their first coronary event. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-six patients completed self-report measures of healthy habits at the beginning of cardiac rehabilitation and 6 months later...
September 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Isabel Gutiérrez-Díaz, Natalia Molinero, Ana Cabrera, José Ignacio Rodríguez, Abelardo Margolles, Susana Delgado, Sonia González
Recent dietary habits and lifestyle could explain the shaping of the gut microbiota composition and, in consequence, the increasing prevalence of certain pathologies. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of diet on microbiotas, other than the gut microbiota. This is important in cholelithiasis, given that changes in the production of bile acids may affect gallbladder microbial communities. Our aim was to assess the association between regular dietary intake and gallbladder microbial composition...
September 14, 2018: Nutrients
Ana Rodriguez-Ventura, Arturo Parra-Solano, Daniel Illescas-Zárate, Minerva Hernández-Flores, Carolina Paredes, Carmen Flores-Cisneros, Bernarda Sánchez, Maricruz Tolentino, Reyna Sámano, Daniela Chinchilla
Interventions in children with adiposity decrease less than 0.2 the body mass index (BMI) z-score less than 0.2 and only in 21⁻23% of cases. Experts recommend focusing on the habits of a healthy lifestyle (HLS) but considering the sociocultural context of children and their parents. Our objective was to achieve a higher percentage of success in lowering the BMI z-score in children with adiposity and their parents through a pilot program "Sacbe" based on HLS, sensitive to the sociocultural context previously explored and with the active participation of parents...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ennio Avolio, Gilda Fazzari, Merylin Zizza, Antonino De Lorenzo, Laura Di Renzo, Raffaella Alò, Rosa Maria Facciolo, Marcello Canonaco
Emerging studies are beginning to suggest that emotional states together with healthful measures constitute pertinent features of our lifestyle in which bad eating habits but more importantly what our gut has to host are causing great concern. It is well known that humans have established mutual relationships with a wide array of colonized microbes (collectively called gut microbiota) consisting of bacteria, fungi, eukaryotic parasites and viruses. The gut microbiota has exhibited a notable ability of communicating with the brain via a two-way system that includes the vagus nerve, immune sites, and a number of neurotransmitters...
September 14, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Jesus Gonzalez-Sanchez, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Luis Garcia-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Certain lifestyle habits may influence aspects of sleep quality, such as insomnia. The main objective of the present study was to analyze the relationship of the presence of insomnia, with walking physical activity and diet quality in an adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed (subanalysis of the TRIPLE A study) between January of 2014 to June of 2015. A total of 454 subjects were selected by consecutive sampling...
September 13, 2018: Medicina Clínica
Flavio D'Ascenzi, Stefano Caselli, Federico Alvino, Barbara Digiacinto, Erika Lemme, Massimo Piepoli, Antonio Pelliccia
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors has been poorly explored in subjects regularly engaged in high-intensity exercise programmes. Our aim was, therefore, to assess the prevalence and distribution of CV risk factors in a large population of competitive athletes, to derive the characteristics of athlete's lifestyle associated with the best CV profile. METHODS: 1058 Olympic athletes (656 males, 402 females), consecutively evaluated in the period 2014-2016, represent the study population...
September 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Junko Nakanishi, Yasunori Suematsu, Tadaaki Arimura, Takashi Kuwano, Yuhei Shiga, Ken Kitajima, Natsumi Morito, Takanobu Nii, Keijiro Saku, Shin-Ichiro Miura
Background: We analyzed what kind of lifestyle modification first-year university students need based on the results of a health-consciousness survey conducted in first-year students immediately after they entered a university. Methods: This population-based cross-sectional study used a "questionnaire survey on lifestyle and health for promoting health" conducted in Japan in 2015. From among an initial pool of 3,912 students, we excluded 314 due to insufficient data...
October 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Marium Mehmood, Aleena Mesiah, Fizza Z Raza, Zainab Junaid, Munira Jamali, Jabeen Zehra, Syeda A Johar, Mahin Fatima, Hooria Imran, Fabeha Zafar, Darab Shaban, Fahad Amin, Duaa Rao, Faryal Khan, Emaan Amin, Naveen Tariq, Kaneez Fatima
Background There is a lack of data about hypertension screening in low- to middle-income countries. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of blood pressure (BP) screening in Karachi, Pakistan. The secondary objective was to identify ways to improve effective BP screening practices among the population at risk. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to May 2017. The sample population consisted of 2039 residents of Karachi who were older than 18 years...
July 11, 2018: Curēus
Ravi Prakash Yadav, Souvik Ghatak, Payel Chakraborty, Freda Lalrohlui, Ravi Kannan, Rajeev Kumar, Jeremy L Pautu, John Zomingthanga, Saia Chenkual, Rajendra Muthukumaran, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
In the present study, we correlated the various lifestyle habits and their associated mutations in cell cycle (P21 and MDM2) and DNA damage repair (MLH1) genes to investigate their role in gastric cancer (GC). Multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) analysis revealed the two-factor model of oral snuff and smoked meat as the significant model for GC risk. The interaction analysis between identified mutations and the significant demographic factors predicted that oral snuff is significantly associated with P21 3'UTR mutations...
September 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Jorge E Chavarro, Audrey J Gaskins
During the past decade, as the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has continued to increase worldwide, research investigating whether modifiable lifestyle factors, such as alcohol, caffeine, and smoking, may affect ART outcomes has grown. Despite the vast literature, there is still uncertainty regarding the effects of some of these exposures on ART outcomes. The objective of this review is to summarize the epidemiologic literature on intakes of caffeine and alcohol, smoking, and reproductive outcomes among women undergoing ART...
September 2018: Fertility and Sterility
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