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Lifestyle habits

G M Huang, D Q Hou, A Y Gao, Z X Zhu, Z C Yu, N X Lin, S Y Chang, J Mi
Objective: To investigate the sleep status in children and adolescents and explore the relationship between the sleep and high blood pressure in them. Methods: Data was from the Schoolbased Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotiow Program (SCVBH) in Beijing. And 13 471 children and adolescents aged 6-16 years were selected from grades 1 to 4 in 8 primary schools, grade 1 in 21 middle schools and senior grade 1 in one twelve-year education school in Dongcheng, Fangshan, Miyun and Tongzhou Districts of Beijing during 2017-2018 by using a cluster sampling method...
November 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Wuraola Akande-Sholabi, Lawrence A Adebusoye, Olufemi O Olowookere
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and describe factors associated with the use of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) among older patients. Methods: Cross sectional study of 400 older patients selected systematically at the geriatric centre, University College Hospital, Ibadan between July and September 2016. With the aid of semi-structured questionnaires, information on the socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, healthcare utilisation and morbidities was obtained...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Andrea Sansone, Massimiliano Sansone, Diana Vaamonde, Paolo Sgrò, Ciro Salzano, Francesco Romanelli, Andrea Lenzi, Luigi Di Luigi
It is universally accepted that lifestyle interventions are the first step towards a good overall, reproductive and sexual health. Cessation of unhealthy habits, such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use, poor nutrition and sedentary behavior, is suggested in order to preserve/improve fertility in humans. However, the possible risks of physical exercise per se or sports on male fertility are less known. Being "fit" does not only improve the sense of well-being, but also has beneficial effects on general health: in fact physical exercise is by all means a low-cost, high-efficacy method for preventing or treating several conditions, ranging from purely physical (diabetes and obesity) to psychological (depression and anxiety), highly influencing male reproduction...
November 12, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Maki Gouda, Miyuki Matsukawa, Hiroaki Iijima
Purpose: To investigate the impact of poor eating habits on glycemic and metabolic control, we analyzed the associations between eating behaviors and HbA1c and body mass index (BMI) in Japanese workers with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Subjects and methods: The Japan Medical Data Center database of workers' medical health insurance claims was used to identify individuals with T2DM who were receiving antidiabetic medication between April 2012 and March 2015 (the primary analysis population)...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-Rio Valle, Ángel Manuel de la Fuente-Vílchez, Blanca Rueda-Medina
Objective: To analyze the environmental factors (nutritional status, levels of physical activity and nutritional habits) and their possible association with bone mass in a population of young adults. Methods: The study population consisted of 200 subjects (117 women and 83 men) aged between 18 and 25 years (mean age 20.4 years ±2.2 years). Body composition parameters were measured by an electronic balance (TANITA BC-418MA), nutritional habits were estimated by 72-h dietary recall, level of physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and bone mass was measured by ultrasonography at the calcaneus...
September 30, 2018: Colombia Médica: CM
Eleonora Tobaldini, Elisa M Fiorelli, Monica Solbiati, Giorgio Costantino, Lino Nobili, Nicola Montano
Short sleep duration has a substantial influence on the overall health of an individual. Short sleep time can be a consequence of lifestyle habits, environmental factors, or the presence of a sleep disorder, such as insomnia or sleep-disordered breathing. Short sleep time is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, mainly from cardiovascular disorders (including coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, and hypertension). Several biological mechanisms have been proposed as a possible link between short sleep duration and these diseases, such as involvement of the autonomic nervous system, endothelial function, metabolic regulation, inflammation, and the coagulation system...
November 8, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
Thomas Sommers, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, William Hirsch, Jesse Katon, Sarah Ballou, Vikram Rangan, Vivian Cheng, Daniel Friedlander, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo, Judy Nee
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic individuals commonly report disordered bowel habits. This study aims to report the prevalence and associated factors of chronic diarrhea (CD) and chronic constipation (CC) in diabetics using a nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Analyses were performed using data from subjects in the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire. The NHANES dataset provides medical comorbidities, demographics, and dietary habits of a nationally representative group of adult survey participants in the United States...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Lidan Wang, Weizhen Dong, Yunqing Ou, Shuting Chen, Jingjing Chen, Qicheng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Self-rated health represents a reliable and important health measure related to general health and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the differences of health states of rural residents in a lower middle income setting in China and its associated factors. METHODS: A descriptive study of a stratified random sample of 3870 individuals was conducted in rural Anhui during 2015. We investigated the influence of five independent variables: individual demographic characteristics, family factors, social capital traits, physical health conditions and healthy lifestyle habits of participants who self-related their health as good...
November 8, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Gabriele Cattaneo, David Bartrés-Faz, Timothy P Morris, Javier Solana Sánchez, Dídac Macià, Clara Tarrero, Josep M Tormos, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
The Barcelona Brain Health Initiative (BBHI) is an ongoing prospective longitudinal study focused on identifying determinants of brain health. The main objectives are: (i) to characterize lifestyle, cognitive, behavioral and environmental markers related to a given individual's cognitive and mental functions in middle to old age, (ii) to assess the biological determinants predictive of maintenance of brain health, and (iii) to evaluate the impact of a controlled multi-dimensional lifestyle intervention on improving and maintaining brain health...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Roberto Martinez-Lacoba, Isabel Pardo-Garcia, Elisa Amo-Saus, Francisco Escribano-Sotos
BACKGROUND: Food habits are important to promote and maintain good health throughout life, and unhealthy diet is a modifiable and preventable risk factor. University students are a key group of adults among whom to promote healthy lifestyles. The aim of this study is to determine the factors associated with unhealthy diet in a sample of university students. METHODS: An electronic cross-sectional survey was conducted with university students (n=593) from inland Spain, during the 2016-2017 academic year...
November 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
Yi-Ling Ko, Daisuke Morihara, Kumiko Shibata, Ryo Yamauchi, Hiromi Fukuda, Hideo Kunimoto, Kazuhide Takata, Takashi Tanaka, Shinjiro Inomata, Keiji Yokoyama, Yasuaki Takeyama, Satoshi Shakado, Shotaro Sakisaka
Zinc deficiency is frequently observed in chronic liver diseases. However, no studies have focused on the zinc status in chronic hepatitis C (HCV)-infected patients receiving direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). In this retrospective study, we assessed the serum zinc status in DAA-treated HCV patients with sustained virologic response for over two years (Zn-2y). Ninety-five patients were enrolled, whose baseline characteristics and blood parameters at DAA therapy initiation were collected. Baseline Zn < 65 µg/dL (odds ratio (OR) = 10...
November 2, 2018: Nutrients
Elena Raptou, Georgios Papastefanou
BACKGROUND: This study explored the influence of cigarette smoking and food consumption patterns on BMI after adjusting for various socio-demographic characteristics. Since weight-based stereotypes may have an impact on smoking behaviour and both obesity and smoking have been associated with detrimental health effects, an interdependency between them is quite possible. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected via a formal standardized questionnaire administered in personal interviews and two additional self-completion questionnaires from a random sample of 3471 German adults...
November 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Irene Ju, Emily Banks, Bianca Calabria, Angela Ju, Jason Agostino, Rosemary J Korda, Tim Usherwood, Karine Manera, Camilla S Hanson, Jonathan C Craig, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and prevention of CVD is a public health priority. This paper aims to describe the perspectives of general practitioners (GPs) on the prevention of CVD across different contexts. DESIGN: Systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies using the Enhancing Transparency of Reporting the Synthesis of Qualitative research (ENTREQ) framework. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL from database inception to April 2018...
November 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Joanne Karam, Cristina Bouzas, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, Antoni Sureda, Marcela González-Gross, Josep A Tur
In this study, we assessed physical condition and its association with body composition, nutrient intake, sociodemographic characteristics, and lifestyle habits in older Spanish adults. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated 380 individuals (54% women; men aged 55⁻80 years and women aged 60⁻80 years) with no previously documented cardiovascular disease. A general questionnaire was used, and body weight, height, fat, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, and waist circumference were assessed. Physical condition measurements included handgrip strength (HGS) and agility/dynamic balance by eight-foot time up-and-go (8-f TUG) test...
November 1, 2018: Nutrients
Hyo Yoon Choi, Im Jung Oh, Jung Ah Lee, Jisun Lim, Young Sik Kim, Tae-Hee Jeon, Yoo-Seock Cheong, Dae-Hyun Kim, Moon-Chan Kim, Sang Yeoup Lee
Background: Hypertension is a major contributor to the global disease burden of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine demographic and clinical factors associated with adherence to antihypertensive medication. Methods: From August 2012 to February 2015, we recruited 1,523 Korean patients with hypertension who visited family physicians. The study was conducted in 24 facilities located in urban and metropolitan areas. Of these facilities, two were primary care clinics and 22 were level 2 or 3 hospitals...
November 2, 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Fumika Mano, Kaori Ikeda, Tosiya Sato, Takeo Nakayama, Daisuke Tanaka, Erina Joo, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda, Nobuya Inagaki
Dietary habits and lifestyles are considered to affect the frequency of epigastric symptoms. In our previous study, we found that three amino acids in Japanese broth promoted gastric emptying. We hypothesized that a higher consumption of miso soup which was mainly composed of Japanese broth and miso paste would be associated with a lower frequency of epigastric symptoms. We conducted a cross-sectional study of the association between frequency of miso soup intake and reflux or dyspepsia symptoms in a general Japanese population...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Monika Haga, Katerina Vrotsou, Ebba Bredland
Regular physical activity relates to physical and mental functioning in older people, and promoting physical activity has the potential to substantially reduce functional decline and improve well-being. Despite this, investigations of the physical activity quotient through participation in functional activities in everyday life have traditionally gained limited focus among older populations compared to leisure-time physical activity and exercise. Considering the accumulated evidence of the health benefits of low-intensity physical activity, exploring and measuring such activities in this population is highly relevant...
October 30, 2018: Sports
Reiji Kojima, Miri Sato, Yuka Akiyama, Ryoji Shinohara, Sonoko Mizorogi, Kohta Suzuki, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Zentaro Yamagata
AIM: There have been concerns about the increase in problematic Internet use (PIU) and its impact on lifestyle habits and health-related symptoms, given the rapid spread of smartphones. This study aimed to clarify PIU prevalence over 3 years in the same area and investigate lifestyle and health-related factors related to PIU among junior high-school students in Japan. METHODS: Each year during 2014-2016, a survey was conducted with junior high-school students from a rural area of Japan (2014, n = 979; 2015, n = 968; 2016, n = 940)...
October 29, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Hui-Chun Chu, Yi-Meng Liu, Fan-Ray Kuo
BACKGROUND: Insomnia can significantly affect students' learning performance. Researchers have indicated the importance and challenge of coping with insomnia using nondrug treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia. However, it is easy for the traditional CBT for insomnia to be interrupted owing to the overly lengthy period of sleep therapy. Self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies are known to be an effective approach for helping students improve their time management, as well as their ability to set learning goals and adopt learning strategies...
October 29, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Durgesh Kumar Dwivedi, Dinesh Kumar, Mohit Kwatra, Surya Narayan Pandey, Priyansha Choubey, Mangala Lahkar, Ashok Jangra
Modern sedentary lifestyle with altered dietary habits imposes the risk of human health towards several metabolic disorders such as obesity. The metabolic insults negatively affect the mental health status and quality life of affected individuals. Melatonin is a potent antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of melatonin on the cognitive and neurochemical deficits induced by the high-fat diet (HFD) and alcohol (ALC) alone or in combination (HFD + ALC) in rats...
October 6, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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