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Lifestyle habits

D Barnes, R Rivera, S Gibson, C Craig, J Cragun, B Monk, D Chase
Background: Measuring QoL is essential to the field of gynecologic oncology but there seems to be limited standardized data regarding collecting QoL assessments throughout a patient's cancer treatment especially in non-clinical trial patients. The aim of this study is to explore patient characteristics that may be associated with poor quality of life (QoL) in women with gynecologic cancers at two University of Arizona Cancer Center (UACC) sites. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among English speaking women with gynecologic malignancies at the University of Arizona Cancer Centers in Phoenix and Tucson from April 2012 to July 2015...
2018: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
Hugh Byrne, Brian Caulfield, Giuseppe De Vito
Many chronic diseases and illnesses are caused by the lifestyle, including the physical activity habits, of an individual. As such, consistent high levels of exercise should be encouraged across the lifespan, to limit the risk of developing one of these conditions and allowing for healthy aging to occur. Exercise prescriptions that encourage high completion and adherence rates in an independent manner and improve health related outcomes should be provided to individuals. To date, no review has identified optimal prescriptions of exercise to achieve this in sedentary middle-aged adults and this is important, given the higher risk of developing illnesses in this population as they age...
July 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Rocío Henríquez-Tejo, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the most common chronic endocrine pathology among children. Treatment includes diet, physical activity, insulin medication, and proper self-control. This self-control may be difficult, resulting in children, adolescents and their families suffering diverse psychosocial complications. There is an inverse relationship between self-control and psychosocial complications, the main problems being anxiety and depression, where adolescents are 2.3 times more likely to have mental health problems...
June 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Thuy T Pham, Diep N Nguyen, Eryk Dutkiewicz, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman, Tuan V Nguyen
Fragility fracture and bone mineral density (BMD) are influenced by common and modifiable lifestyle factors. In this study, we sought to define the contribution of lifestyle factors to fracture risk by using a profiling approach. The study involved 1683 women and 1010 men (50+ years old, followed up for up to 20 years). The incidence of new fractures was ascertained by X-ray reports. A "lifestyle risk score" (LRS) was derived as the weighted sum of effects of dietary calcium intake, physical activity index, and cigarette smoking...
July 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Roya Kelishadi, Ramin Heshmat, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Tahereh Aminaee, Azam Goodarzi, Morteza Mansourian, Mostafa Qorbani, Nafiseh Mozafarian
Objective: This study aims to determine the association of dietary patterns with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in children and adolescents. Methods: This nationwide study was conducted in 2015 among 4200 students aged 7-18 years, who lived in 30 provinces in Iran. The analysis was conducted based on the propensity score using a matched case-control study design. Three dietary patterns were obtained conducting a principal component analysis with a varimax rotation on 16 dietary groups...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Enikő Bóna, Attila Forgács, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There are two notable eating behaviors that are not far from having their own category as a mental disorder: the purging disorder, that is already among the DSM-5 non-specific eating disorders, and orthorexia nervosa, when a person is fixating too much on healthy foods. Our purpose is to describe how these can be observed in recreational juice cleanse camps, which are very popular today as an alternative health trend. METHOD: The first author recorded her data during multisited ethnographic observations in two Hungarian juice cleanse camps...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Jemie Walrod, Erica Seccareccia, Iván Sarmiento, Juan Pablo Pimentel, Shivali Misra, Juana Morales, Alison Doucet, Neil Andersson
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to implement participatory research to answer a question posed by four Kichwa indigenous communities in Andean Ecuador about what actionable factors are associated with childhood stunting, overweight and food insecurity among their people. DESIGN: We used mixed methods including household questionnaires, discussion groups with respondents of the questionnaires and anthropometric measurement of children (6 months to 12 years) from surveyed households...
July 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Lawrence Adekunle Adebusoye, Mayowa Owolabi, Adesola Ogunniyi
BACKGROUND: Older people face the biggest challenges in the overburdened healthcare services in Nigeria especially when hospitalized. There is no reliable data on the predictors of mortality in this population. AIMS: To determine the predictors of mortality among older patients on admission in the medical wards of University College Hospital, Ibadan. METHODS: Using a prospective cohort design, we investigated 450 patients (> 60 years) from the day of admission to death or discharge...
July 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Saverio Caini, Benedetta Bendinelli, Giovanna Masala, Calogero Saieva, Thomas Lundh, Soterios A Kyrtopoulos, Domenico Palli
BACKGROUND: Cadmium bioaccumulates in the body and causes several adverse health effects. Understanding the primary sources of exposure is critical in order to implement effective prevention measures. METHODS: We included 454 adults enrolled in the Florence cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) during 1992-98. At enrolment, information was collected on demographics, lifestyle and dietary habits using validated questionnaires; anthropometric measures were taken; and a blood sample was collected from each study participant...
July 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Enrique J Vera-Remartínez, Rocío Lázaro Monge, Salvador Granero Chinesta, Diego Sánchez-Alcón Rodríguez, Manuel Vicente Planelles Ramos
OBJECTIVE: The quantification of the cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in a population of young adults, allows to identify their vulnerabilities and contributes to focus on prevention strategies in a group more susceptible of changing their behavior and establishing healthier daily habits. The objectives of this work were to describe the main CVRF and estimate the risk through different models. METHODS: Observational, descriptive, analytical and crosssectional study...
July 6, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Fang Guo, Qiang Zhang, Meng-Nan Fan, Le Ma, Chu Chen, Xiao-Hong Liu, Hong Jiang, Yan Liu
AIM: To investigate the associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of asthenopia among Chinese college students. METHODS: A total of 1022 students were selected from five universities by a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. They were surveyed via a self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic features, dietary and lifestyle habits, eye-related symptoms, eye care habits and history of diseases. Ascertainment of asthenopia was based on participants' subjectively reported symptoms...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Raja Ram Dhungana, Mahesh Kumar Khanal, Suira Joshi, Om Prakash Kalauni, Anu Shakya, Vijay Bhrutel, Savyata Panthi, Ramesh Kumar Kc, Binod Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Binaya Sapkota, Shiva Ram Khatiwoda, Craig Steven McLachlan, Dinesh Neupane
BACKGROUND: Hypertension control remains a major global challenge. The behavioral approaches recommended for blood pressure reduction are stress reduction, increased exercise and healthy dietary habits. Some study findings suggest that yoga has a beneficial effect in reducing blood pressure. However, the role of yoga on blood pressure has received little attention in existing health care practices in developing countries. This study will be conducted in primary health care facilities in Nepal to assess the effectiveness of a pragmatic yoga intervention to complement standard practice in further reducing blood pressure...
July 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Takako Kato, Yoko Idota, Kazuyo Shiragami, Mariko Koike, Fumiya Nishibori, Miho Tomokane, Takahiro Seki, Keiko Itabashi, Keiko Hakoda, Hitoe Takahashi, Kentaro Yano, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Nobuyuki Obara, Takuo Ogihara
We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, 3-group, 3-phase crossover study to evaluate the effect of calcium alginate (Ca-Alg) on the postprandial increase of blood glucose in 15 healthy adult subjects who were given udon noodles containing or not containing Ca-Alg (5% or 8%). The value of ΔCmax (difference between the maximum (Cmax ) and pre-feeding (C0 ) blood glucose levels) was significantly reduced in both Ca-Alg groups, and the area under the blood glucose level-time curve over 120 min (ΔAUC, with C0 as the baseline) was also significantly reduced...
July 4, 2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Maria Clara Jessica Calastri, Nicolas Luz Toledo Ortega Rodrigues, Gabriela Hatori, Michele Lima Gregório, Camila Ive Ferreira Oliveira Brancati, Eliane Milharcix Zanovelo, José Roberto Lopes Ferraz Filho, Cassiano Merussi Neiva, Antonio Carlos Ponde Rodrigues Junior, Moacir Fernandes de Godoy, Carmen Lucia Penteado Lancelloti, Waldir Antonio Tognola, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza
BACKGROUND: Glioma, the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults, is highly aggressive and associated with a poor prognosis. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms related to angiogenesis and apoptosis with gliomas, as well as comorbidities, lifestyle, clinical profile, survival and response to treatment (temozolomide [TMZ] and radiotherapy [RT]) in patients with the disease. METHODS: In a total of 303 individuals, genotypes were performed by real-time PCR, and clinical data, lifestyle and comorbidities were obtained from medical records and questionnaires...
June 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Lisa Dillon, Lindy Clemson, Kristy Coxon, Lisa Keay
BACKGROUND: A nested process evaluation, within a randomised controlled trial, will explore relationships between program outcomes and quality of intervention implementation of the Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program in older people with vision impairment. The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise Program is a home-based strength and balance program that has been shown to reduce falls in high risk populations. A pilot study showed positive trends in improvements in physical function in older people with vision impairment after participation in the program...
July 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Dabesa Gobena, Gemechu Ameya, Kinfe Haile, Getaneh Abreha, Yoseph Worku, Tessema Debela
BACKGROUND: Curable disease tuberculosis is becoming incurable or difficult to treat due to drug resistance. Multi drug resistance tuberculosis is a major health problem for less developed countries. Development of drug resistance is mainly as result of man related factors and poor lifestyle. Identifying predictors of drug resistance and working on them is the important way of reducing the expansion in high burden countries. Ethiopia is one of TB, TB/HIV, and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) high burden country globally...
July 3, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Haiping Zhou, Zhonglei Shen, Jianpei Zhao, Zhendong Zhou, Yidong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the detection rate and distribution characteristics of colorectal adenomas in Ningbo area of China, and to identify the risk factors for colorectal adenoma, in order to provide reference for colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 8660 subjects undergoing colonoscopy in the Ningbo No.2 Hospital between January and December 2016, using a questionnaire, including demographic data (age, gender, height and weight), history of diseases (diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and family history of malignant neoplasm), lifestyle (smoking, alcohol, dietary bias on red meat, dietary bias on fruit and vegetables, dietary frequency of pickled food and physical activities), and intestinal early warning symptoms...
June 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Nathalie Atallah, Moufidath Adjibade, Hélène Lelong, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
With increasing life expectancies worldwide, it is an important public health issue to identify factors that influence the quality of aging. We aimed to investigate the individual and combined roles of lifestyle factors at midlife for healthy aging (HA). We analyzed data from 2203 participants of the French ”Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants” (SU.VI.MAX) cohort aged 45⁻60 years at baseline (1994⁻1995), and assessed the combined impact of lifestyle factors (weight, smoking status, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and diet) on HA (absence of chronic diseases and function-limiting pain, good physical and cognitive functioning, functional independence, no depressive symptoms, and good social and self-perceived health) with a five-component healthy lifestyle index (HLI)...
June 30, 2018: Nutrients
Kurt Widhalm, Oliver Helk, Otmar Pachinger
OBJECTIVES: Obesity in children and adolescents is a worldwide dramatic health problem, for which treatment is mostly unsuccessful. Therefore, prevention is the most important measure to tackle this problem. The 'EDDY' study as an interventional cohort study with a 1-year lifestyle intervention aimed to affect the lifestyle and nutrition habits of adolescents by intervention with nutritional training and sports programs to prevent obesity. METHODS: Four Viennese schools were cluster-randomized into an intervention group and a control group...
June 30, 2018: Obesity Facts
Noémi Dahan-Oliel, Tanya Bedard, Vasiliki Betty Darsaklis, Judith Goslin Hall, Harold J P van Bosse, Reggie C Hamdy
INTRODUCTION: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) describes a heterogeneous group of conditions with multiple congenital contractures. These conditions may be attributed to genetic or other factors inducing decreased fetal movements, including maternal and paternal factors. Discovering the underlying genetic pathways has important repercussions for prevention, gene therapy and genetic counselling. The current literature mainly consists of small-scale, single-site studies, limiting comparability and pooling of findings across individual studies...
June 30, 2018: BMJ Open
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