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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467039/influence-of-lifestyle-characteristics-and-vdr-polymorphisms-as-risk-factors-for-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-a-case-control-study
#1
Luiz Angelo Vieira, Aline Amaro Dos Santos, Carla Peluso, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco, Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (DD) is an important cause of low back pain and its precise aetiology is not fully understood, being attributed to cumulative environmental, biomechanical and genetic effects. The vitamin D plays a key role in regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization, exerting its biological activities by binding to a high-affinity receptor (VDR). Polymorphisms in VDR gene were previously associated with DD process, however with conflicting results...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465812/the-role-of-salt-for-immune-cell-function-and-disease
#2
REVIEW
Ralf Willebrand, Markus Kleinewietfeld
The immune system evolved to protect organisms from invading pathogens. A network of pro- and anti-inflammatory cell types equipped with special effector molecules guarantees efficient elimination of intruders like viruses and bacteria. However, imbalances can lead to an exceeding response of effector cells incurring autoimmune or allergic diseases. An interplay of genetic and environmental factors contributes to autoimmune diseases and recent studies provided evidence for an impact of dietary habits on the immune status and related disorders...
February 21, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465154/implications-of-modified-food-choices-and-food-related-lifestyles-following-the-economic-crisis-in-the-marche-region-of-italy
#3
S Scuri, M Tesauro, F Petrelli, A Peroni, L Kracmarova, I Grappasonni
BACKGROUND: The economic crisis in Italy has led to profound changes in resource management not only at the macro level but also for individual families, causing substantial changes in different habits of Italians. STUDY DESIGN: The purpose of this research was to conduct a study on changes in family eating habits potentially triggered by the economic crisis was conducted in an area of the Marche Region in central Italy. METHODS: The research was conducted in the period 2016 - 2017 by administering a specific and anonymous questionnaire...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462331/does-a-low-income-urban-population-practise-healthy-dietary-habits
#4
Nurul Ain Azizan, Nithiah Thangiah, Tin Tin Su, Hazreen Abdul Majid
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the unhealthy dietary habits and practices in a low-income community in an urban area and determine the associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a low-income housing area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Data were collected using a questionnaire via face-to-face interviews by trained enumerators in order to obtain details on sociodemographic characteristics and dietary practices. Results: Descriptive statistics showed that 86...
February 15, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461580/-p-ethnic-and-cultural-aspects-of-type-2-diabetes-p
#5
Louise Bennet
Political instability the last decades has forced millions of people to migrate from their homelands. In Sweden today, 1.6 million are born abroad, of which the largest immigrant groups originate from the Middle East. Immigrants from these areas represent high risk populations for type 2 diabetes with prevalence of type 2 diabetes twice as high compared to the native Swedish population. The mechanisms behind this increased diabetes risk are not fully unraveled but are likely connected to lifestyle, socioeconomic situation, genetics and epigenetics...
February 20, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460316/light-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-of-the-olfactory-mucosa-in-the-rufous-sengi-elephantulus-rufescens
#6
B M Kavoi
Sengis are eutherian insectivores belonging to superorder Afrotheria, a recently defined clade of mammals that diverged from other placentals over 100 million years ago. In this study, a histological and ultrastructural analysis was carried out on the olfactory mucosa (OM) of the rufous sengi (Elephantulus rufescens) and the data were compared with those reported earlier in the dog (Canis familiaris) and the sheep (Ovis aries), whose dietary lifestyles are carnivorous and herbivorous, respectively. Qualitatively, the microstructure of the sengi's OM was basically similar to that of the other eutherian mammals except for differences in the pattern of cilia projection from the dendritic knobs of the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and distribution of Bowman's glands within the lamina propria of the OM...
February 19, 2018: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459908/trends-in-early-childhood-caries-an-italian-perspective
#7
Alessandro Ugolini, Simona Salamone, Paola Agostino, Enrica Sardi, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) among Italian preschool children and its predictors regarding children's lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 563 preschool children. A questionnaire for children's parents and clinical examinations were conducted by calibrated, blinded examiners. The odds ratios (OR) for ECC or S-ECC and co-presence of risk factors were calculated using univariate and multivariate models...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459197/student-perception-of-initial-transition-into-a-nursing-program-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#8
Meghan McDonald, Janine Brown, Crystal Knihnitski
BACKGROUND: Transition into undergraduate education programs is stressful and impacts students' well-being and academic achievement. Previous research indicates nursing students experience stress, depression, anxiety, and poor lifestyle habits which interfere with learning. However, nursing students' experience of transition into nursing programs has not been well studied. Incongruence exists between this lack of research and the desire to foster student success. OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed students' experiences of initial transition into a nursing program...
February 3, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458350/obesity-and-risk-of-respiratory-tract-infections-results-of-an-infection-diary-based-cohort-study
#9
Livia Maccioni, Susanne Weber, Magdeldin Elgizouli, Anne-Sophie Stoehlker, Ilona Geist, Hans-Hartmut Peter, Werner Vach, Alexandra Nieters
BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major morbidity factor contributing largely to health care costs and individual quality of life. The aim of the study was to test whether obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) is one of the risk factors underlying frequent RTIs in the German adult population. METHODS: We recruited 1455 individuals between 18 to 70 years from a cross-sectional survey on airway infections in Germany and invited them to self-report in diaries incident RTIs experienced during three consecutive winter/spring seasons...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457996/the-tyg-index-cutoff-point-and-its-association-with-body-adiposity-and-lifestyle-in-children
#10
Sarah A Vieira Ribeiro, Poliana C A Fonseca, Cristiana S Andreoli, Andréia Q Ribeiro, Helen H M Hermsdorff, Patrícia F Pereira, Silvia E Priore, Sylvia C C Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with insulin resistance in children aged 4-7 years, and to identify the cutoff point of the triglyceride-glucose index for the prediction of IR in this population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 403 children from a retrospective cohort. Insulin resistance was also evaluated in a sub-sample using the HOMA index. Four indicators of body adiposity were assessed: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and the percentages of total and central body fat...
February 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457580/food-and-beverage-intakes-according-to-physical-activity-levels-in-european-children-the-idefics-identification-and-prevention-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-induced-health-effects-in-children-and-infants-study
#11
Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Jaime E Llamas Dios, Ole Sprengeler, Antje Hebestreit, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Regina Felsö, Fabio Lauria, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Valeria Pala, Luis A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old). Design/Setting/Subjects A sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457512/perceived-diet-and-exercise-behaviors-among-social-network-members-with-personal-lifestyle-habits-of-public-housing-residents
#12
Kimberly A Gudzune, Jennifer Peyton, Craig Evan Pollack, J Hunter Young, David M Levine, Carl A Latkin, Jeanne M Clark
Our objective was to characterize the relationship between public housing residents' diet/exercise habits with similar behaviors among their social network. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected households in Baltimore, Maryland, from August 2014 to August 2015. Adult heads of household completed questions on diet, exercise, and perceived habits among network members. Our dependent variables were high added sugar intake (≥39.9 teaspoons/day), high fruit/vegetable intake (≥6.1 servings/day), and being physically active (≥moderately activity)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456025/effectiveness-of-user-and-expert-driven-web-based-hypertension-programs-an-rct
#13
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455746/today-s-decisions-tomorrow-s-outcomes-does-self-control-explain-the-educational-smoking-gradient
#14
Christopher J Holmes
People with more education tend to have relatively healthy lifestyles. Among other things, they smoke less than those with less education. This link between education and smoking (known as the "educational gradient") is frequently interpreted as causal: many researchers argue that education develops skills, habits, and preferences that discourage smoking and other unhealthy behaviors. However, an alternative possibility is that these skills, habits, and preferences develop early in life and determine the likelihood of both attaining a high level of education and avoiding smoking...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454566/determinants-of-stroke-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-multivariate-approach-from-the-national-health-survey
#15
Ícaro J S Ribeiro, Jefferson P Cardoso, Ivna V Freire, Mailson F Carvalho, Rafael Pereira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between biological-health, socioeconomics, and behavioral determinants and stroke by evaluating the risk of stroke in the presence of each or all determinants grouped in a multivariate model. METHODS: This study is a transversal secondary data analysis of the Brazilian National Health Survey, released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The prevalence, prevalence ratios, and confidence intervals were calculated for the main outcome...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453427/orthodox-religious-fasting-as-a-medical-nutrition-therapy-for-dyslipidemia-where-do-we-stand-and-how-far-can-we-go
#16
REVIEW
Theocharis Koufakis, Spyridon N Karras, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
Previous studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the effects of Orthodox religious fasting (OF) on common cardiovascular risk factors, including arterial hypertension and diabetes. Contrariwise, an optimal effect on dyslipidemia has been demonstrated and significant reductions in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations, in Orthodox populations without comorbidities, have been consistently reported. This favorable effect on lipid homeostasis is probably facilitated by a broad lifestyle modification related to OF, extended beyond dietary habits...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453196/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-erbb4-on-2q34-as-a-novel-locus-associated-with-sperm-motility-in-japanese-men
#17
Youichi Sato, Atsushi Tajima, Takehiro Sato, Shiari Nozawa, Miki Yoshiike, Issei Imoto, Aiko Yamauchi, Teruaki Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: The decrease in sperm motility has a potent influence on fertilisation. Sperm motility, represented as the percentage of motile sperm in ejaculated sperms, is influenced by lifestyle habits or environmental factors and by inherited factors. However, genetic factors contributing to individual differences in sperm motility remain unclear. To identify genetic factors that influence human sperm motility, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of sperm motility. METHODS: A two-stage GWAS was conducted using 811 Japanese men in a discovery stage, followed by a replication study using an additional 779 Japanese men...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451524/-diet-and-gut-microbiota-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#18
Ramona Schiumerini, Francesca Pasqui, Davide Festi
Gut microbiota is a complex ecosystem, resident in the digestive tract, exerting multiple functions that can have a significant impact on the pathophysiology of the host organism. The composition and functions of this "superorganism" are influenced by many factors, and among them, the host's dietary habits seem to have a significant effect. Dietary changes in the evolution of human history and in the different stages of life of the human subjects are responsible for qualitative and functional modification of gut microbiota...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450635/screening-in-spouses-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-missed-opportunity
#19
Ker-Kan Tan, Tian-Zhi Lim, Emily Chew, Wen-Min Chow, Nan Luo, Mee-Lian Wong, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh
BACKGROUND: Spouses of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients could be at increased risk of developing CRC due to shared lifestyle habits with the patients which is a notable risk factor. This study explores the various issues surrounding CRC screening among these spouses. METHODS: A mixed method study comprising in-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews followed by structured quantitative questionnaire was administered to spouses who accompanied CRC patients during their appointments, from January 2016 to February 2017...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444663/gender-related-differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-treatment-seeking-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#20
Lisa Ha Barstad, Pétur B Júlíusson, Line Kristin Johnson, Jens Kristoffer Hertel, Samira Lekhal, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: Obesity during adolescence is associated with cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. The adverse obesity-related cardiometabolic risk profile is already observed in adolescence. We aimed to examine possible gender differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents with severe obesity, hypothesizing that boys would have both a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as well as less healthy lifestyle behaviors than girls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity who attended the Morbid Obesity Centre at Vestfold Hospital Trust and who were consecutively enrolled in the Vestfold Register of Obese Children between September 2009 and September 2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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