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Lifestyle habits

Silvia Parolo, Sébastien Lacroix, Jim Kaput, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer
BACKGROUND: During evolution, humans colonized different ecological niches and adopted a variety of subsistence strategies that gave rise to diverse selective pressures acting across the genome. Environmentally induced selection of vitamin, mineral, or other cofactor transporters could influence micronutrient-requiring molecular reactions and contribute to inter-individual variability in response to foods and nutritional interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive list of genes coding for transporters of cofactors or their precursors was built using data mining procedures from the HGDP dataset and then explored to detect evidence of positive genetic selection...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
Francisco J Molina, Gerardo C Leynaud
Ectotherm species are not capable of generating metabolic heat; therefore, they present different strategies for regulating their body temperatures, ranging from a precise degree of thermoregulation to a passive thermoconformity with ambient temperatures. In reptiles, aerial basking is the most common mechanism for gaining heat. However, among aquatic reptiles, such as freshwater turtles, aquatic basking is also frequent. Hydromedusa tectifera is a turtle of exclusively aquatic and nocturnal habits widely distributed in South America...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Samah Hayek, Riki Tessler, Shiran Bord, Ronit Endevelt, Carmit Satran, Irit Livne, Mohammed Khatib, Yosi Harel-Fisch, Orna Baron-Epel
The Israeli Health Promoting School Network (HPSN) is actively committed to enhancing a healthy lifestyle for the entire school population. This study aimed to explore the contribution of school participation in the HPSN and students' individual characteristics to healthy eating and physical activity habits among Israeli school children aged 10-12 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4166 students in grades 4-6 from 28 schools. The schools were selected from a sample of HPSN affiliated and non-HPSN schools...
October 4, 2017: Health Promotion International
William Ngatchou, Daniel Lemogoum, Christian Mélot, Virginie Guimfacq, Philippe van de Borne, Jean Claude Wautrecht, Michel P Hermans, Luc Van Bortel, Marc Leeman
BACKGROUND: Pygmies living in the Central African rainforest with a traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle have a low incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Because of progressive loss of traditional habitat and ancestral lands, some Pygmies have migrated to urban areas and adopt specific Bantu lifestyles such as increased salt consumption and a sedentary way of life. We tested the hypothesis that migrant Pygmies could present with hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics different from those of traditional in-situ Pygmies and possibly closer to those of Bantu farmers...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
XiaoXiao Zhao, Hongyu Wang, LiuJin Bo, Hongwei Zhao, Lihong Li, Yingyan Zhou
Lifestyle modifications are recommended as the initial treatment for high blood pressure. The influence of dyslipidemia might be via moderate arterial stiffness, which results in hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We used data from a subgroup of the lifestyle, level of serum lipids/carotid femoral-pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) Susceptibility BEST Study, a population-based study of community-dwelling adults aged 45-75 years. The serum lipid level and CF-PWV were measured at baseline, and lifestyle such as smoking status, sleeping habits, and the level of oil or salt intake was determined with the use of a validated questionnaire during follow-up...
October 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
E Serra-Baldrich, J O de Frutos, I Jáuregui, J C Armario-Hita, J F Silvestre, L Herraez, A Martín-Santiago, A Valero, J Sastre
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifaceted disease that involves a complex interplay between the skin and the immune system. The course of the disease depends strongly on the genetic background of the patient and on yet poorly-defined environmental factors. Changes in lifestyle could be behind the dramatic rise in the prevalence of AD across continents; including hygienic conditions, food, social habits, skin microbiome or exposure to a number of allergens. Although AD typically develops in childhood and disappears after a few years, in a relatively large number of patients it continues into adulthood...
October 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Malgorzata M Dobrzynska, Krzysztof A Pachocki, Katarzyna Owczarska
Knowledge about the basal level of DNA damage in leucocytes of healthy control populations is essential before estimation of the effects of exposure to external agents in biomonitoring studies. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of some lifestyle factors on baseline DNA damage in leucocytes of humans. The material consisted of the peripheral blood from 276 healthy volunteer blood donors. In addition to the standard blood donation questionnaire, they were asked about age, gender, occupation, radiological history, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, medicine use and pet ownership...
September 13, 2017: Mutagenesis
Chia-Chien Hsieh, Cristina Martínez-Villaluenga, Ben O de Lumen, Blanca Hernández-Ledesma
Chronic diseases have become the medical challenge of the 21st century because of their high incidence and mortality rates. Modulation of diet and lifestyle habits is considered as the best strategy for the prevention of these disorders. Health promoting benefits beyond their nutritional effects have been described for multiple dietary compounds. Among these compounds, peptide lunasin is considered as one of the most promising. Naturally present in soybean, lunasin has been extensively studied in the last two decades because of its potential against chronic diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular and immunological disorders...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Yuuki Matsumoto, Naohisa Uchimura, Tetsuya Ishida, Yoshitaka Morimatsu, Mihoko Mori, Miyako Inoue, Nanae Kushino, Michiko Hoshiko, Tatsuya Ishitake
Numerous studies have determined that lifestyle factors (smoking, drinking, snacking, etc.) and the bedroom environment can influence sleep. We developed a new sleep scale-the 3-Dimensional Sleep Scale (3DSS)-which measures three elements of sleep: phase, quality, and quantity. The purpose of this study is to determine which risk factors of sleep complaints are associated with these sleep elements. Data were obtained from 366 Japanese day workers (302 men and 64 women). Sleep condition was assessed with the 3DSS, and we also assessed various habits within 2 h of going to bed, including smoking, drinking, snacking, caffeine intake, mobile phone use, and working...
2017: Sleep and Biological Rhythms
Syed R Habib, Sakhar Alghofaily, Hussam Alshamrani, Abdullah Alhammad, Kamran Habib Awan
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight issues and obesity by recording the body mass index (BMI) and explore the dietary habits, physical activities (PAs), and lifestyles of male students at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A custom-designed self-administrative form and questionnaire were used in this study for data collection. The first part of the form was used to record the participants' height and weight for the BMI...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Chie Taguchi, Yoshimi Kishimoto, Kazuo Kondo, Kazushige Tohyama, Toshinao Goda
PURPOSE: Serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been proposed as a marker of oxidative stress. Here, we examined the association between serum GGT and the dietary intake of polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey including 7960 apparently healthy Japanese men (aged 22-86 years) who participated in health checkups was conducted in Shizuoka, Japan. We analyzed these subjects' clinical serum parameters and lifestyle factors, including dietary polyphenol intake, which was evaluated by a self-administered questionnaire and by matching the subjects' food consumption data with our original polyphenol content database...
October 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
Upma Sharma, Pallavi Singhal, Kapil Bandil, Anoop Kumar, Surojit Bose, Puneet Ahuja, Molushree Kohli, Ajay Kumar Dewan, Juhi Tayal, Basu Dev Banerjee, Aditya Prasheri, Ravi Mehrotra, Veena Sharma, Mausumi Bharadwaj
The correlation of interleukin 10 (IL-10) with the outbreak and progression of cancer has been well established as it contributes to tumor immune evasion. Convincing number of evidences has been accumulated to reflect the critical correlation between IL-10 polymorphism and tumorogenesis. Several polymorphic sites at promoter regions have been reported to be associated with cancer susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of modulated genotypes in the promoter region of IL-10 gene with life-style habits in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in the Indian population...
October 2, 2017: Cytokine
Irina Uzhova, Valentín Fuster, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, José M Ordovás, Javier Sanz, Leticia Fernández-Friera, Beatriz López-Melgar, José M Mendiguren, Borja Ibáñez, Héctor Bueno, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Daily habits, including the number and quality of eating occasions, are potential targets for primary prevention strategies with large health impacts. Skipping breakfast is considered a frequent and unhealthy habit associated with an increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to explore the association between different breakfast patterns and CV risk factors and the presence, distribution, and extension of subclinical atherosclerosis...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Suvi P Rovio, Xiaolin Yang, Anna Kankaanpää, Ville Aalto, Mirja Hirvensalo, Risto Telama, Katja Pahkala, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Tuija H Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Determining life-long trajectories and their determinants is essential to promote a physically active lifestyle throughout the life-course. We aimed to identify physical activity (PA) trajectories from childhood to midlife and their determinants in a longitudinal population-based cohort. METHODS: This study is a part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. From 1980, a population-based cohort (N=3,596:1764 boys/1832 girls, age 3-18 years) has been followed-up for 31 years...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Christian Meyer, Andreas Filler, Tobias Kowatsch, Michael P Schaub
BACKGROUND: Substance use and misuse often first emerge during adolescence. Generic life skills training that is typically conducted within the school curriculum is effective at preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, the dissemination of such programs is impeded by their large resource requirements in terms of personnel, money, and time. Life skills training provided via mobile phones might be a more economic and scalable approach, which additionally matches the lifestyle and communication habits of adolescents...
October 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Stavroula Lambrinakou, Maria Efthymia Katsa, Sofia Zyga, Anastasios Ioannidis, Athanasios Sachlas, Georgios Panoutsopoulos, Anna Maria Pistikou, Maria Magana, Dafni Eleni Kougioumtzi Dimoligianni, Petros Kolovos, Andrea Paola Rojas Gil
BACKGROUND: Anxiety combined with nervousness and apprehension consist a focal response to different life conditions. Lifestyle habits, anxiety and biochemical markers are in a constant interaction. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety in healthy adults and its possible association with biochemical factors-lipid profile, liver markers, thyroid hormones-and lifestyle habits. METHODS: Quantitative descriptive correlation study. A total of 100 healthy adults participated in the research...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Aikaterini Kargakou, Athanasios Sachlas, Georgios Lyrakos, Sofia Zyga, Maria Tsironi, Andrea Paola Rojas Gil
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between optimism, general health perception, nutritional habits and lifestyle. A quantitative study was conducted on 500 Greek adults. A standardized questionnaire was used which consisted of the General Health Self-Assessment Questionnaire (GHSAQ), the Life Orientation Test-Revised (GrLOT-R), the dietary habits and lifestyle questionnaire. A qualitative study was conducted through interviews and focus groups. Participants' average score of GrLot-R was 20...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Mehmet Evren Okur, Ioannis D Karantas, Neslihan Üstündağ Okur, Panoraia I Siafaka
Hypertension can be referred as modern scourge in 2017 and although, it seems that an improvement has been done during the passage of time, the full treatment still remains an unmet achievement for clinicians. Hypertension incidence in Mediterranean countries, especially Greece and Turkey, seems to be increasing irrespective the expected protective effect of Mediterranean diet. The changed lifestyle and dietary habits of both populations leaded to advanced cardiovascular events as well as arteriosclerosis which linked with high blood pressure...
September 27, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Concettina Fenga, Silvia Gangemi, Michele Teodoro, Venerando Rapisarda, Kirill Golokhvast, Anca Oana Docea, Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Chiara Costa
The present study aims to investigate the relation between exposure to low-dose benzene and the occurrence of oxidative DNA damage in gasoline station workers, as well as the possible role of interfering or confounding factors. Urine levels of 8-OHdG were evaluated by a competitive immunoassay in a group of 80 men, employed in gasoline stations located in East Sicily and compared with a control group (n = 63) of male office employees not occupationally exposed to benzene. Information regarding socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and job-related records were provided through a questionnaire...
2017: Toxicology Reports
Ruri Katsunuma, Kentaro Oba, Shingo Kitamura, Yuki Motomura, Yuri Terasawa, Kyoko Nakazaki, Akiko Hida, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Kazuo Mishima
Epidemiological studies have shown that sleep debt increases the risk of obesity. Experimental total sleep deprivation has been reported to activate the reward system in response to food stimuli, but food-related responses in everyday sleep habits, which could lead to obesity, have not been addressed. Here, we report that habitual sleep time at home among volunteers without any sleep concerns was shorter than their optimal sleep time estimated by the 9-day extended sleep intervention, which indicates that participants had already been in sleep debt in their usual sleep habits...
August 21, 2017: Sleep
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