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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#1
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664906/cigarette-smoking-is-a-risk-factor-for-the-onset-of-fatty-liver-disease-in-nondrinkers-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Masashi Okamoto, Teruki Miyake, Kohichiro Kitai, Shinya Furukawa, Shin Yamamoto, Hidenori Senba, Sayaka Kanzaki, Akiko Deguchi, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Toru Ishihara, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Osamu Yoshida, Masashi Hirooka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND: The effect of cigarette smoking on the onset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear, especially that associated with drinking small amounts of alcohol. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and NAFLD onset, which was stratified according to the amount of alcohol consumed. METHODS: We enrolled 7,905 Japanese subjects who had received annual health checkups more than twice between April 2003 and August 2013, 4,045 of whom met at least one of the following exclusion criteria and were excluded: (a) fatty liver at baseline; (b) hepatitis B or hepatitis C; (c) alcohol consumption (men: ≥210 g/wk; women: ≥140 g/wk); (d) change in alcohol drinking status between baseline and the study's endpoint; (e) change in cigarette smoking habits between baseline and the study's endpoint; or (f) current treatment with antidiabetic agents, antihypertensive agents, and/or lipid-lowering agents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662307/thyroid-nodules-in-centenarians-prevalence-and-relationship-to-lifestyle-characteristics-and-dietary-habits
#3
Yao Yao, Xianghui Chen, Shengzheng Wu, Liang Guo, Hao Zhang, Qiao Zhu, Jie Tang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao, Faqin Lv, Yao He
Background: Thyroid nodules (TNs) are common thyroid lesions in older population. Few studies have focused on the prevalence of TNs and their relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits in centenarians. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of TNs in Chinese centenarians by using high-resolution ultrasound (US) equipment and at investigating its relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits. Participants and methods: The current study was part of the China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study that was conducted in Hainan, an iodine-sufficient region in People's Republic of China...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661143/dietary-habits-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-lebanese-hospital
#4
Shafika Assaad, Rawan Chaaban, Fida Tannous, Christy Costanian
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between dietary habits and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection among patients at a tertiary healthcare center in Lebanon. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 294 patients in 2016, at a hospital in Northern Lebanon. Participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to collect information on socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics; dietary habits were ascertained via a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661088/perceived-versus-actual-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-race-and-ethnicity
#5
Kyeongra Yang, Lynn M Baniak, Christopher C Imes, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived risk and actual risk of type 2 diabetes by race and/or ethnicity. Methods The study sample included 10 999 adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using interviews and physical examinations. Participants were asked if they felt at risk for diabetes or prediabetes and then asked the reasons why. Data analyses were conducted with SAS to properly analyze complex survey data...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656863/prevalence-of-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Miguel Saps, Shaman Rajindrajith, Xiaoxia Shi, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature regarding the epidemiology of functional constipation and functional nonretentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI) in children. Secondary objectives were to assess the geographical, age, and sex distribution of functional constipation and FNRFI and to evaluate associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched from 2006 until September 2017. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) prospective studies of population-based samples; (2) reporting on the prevalence of functional constipation or FNRFI according to the Rome III/IV criteria; (3) in children aged 0-18 years; and (4) published in full manuscript form...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655778/self-reported-weight-and-predictors-of-missing-responses-in-youth
#7
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Ross Whitehead, Jo Inchley, Montse Giralt, Candace Currie, Rosa Solà
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present manuscript are to analyse self-reported data on weight, including the missing data, from the 2014 Scottish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study, and to investigate whether behavioural factors related with overweight and obesity, namely dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, are associated with weight non-response. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: 10839 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds participated in the cross-national 2014 Scottish HBSC Study...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643758/prevalence-of-supplement-use-in-recreationally-active-kazakhstan-university-students
#8
Denis Vinnikov, Zhanna Romanova, Anar Dushpanova, Karashash Absatarova, Zhazira Utepbergenova
Background: Little is known about the supplements use and recreational sport practices in Kazakhstan university students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain supplements use prevalence and their predictors in this population. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of both undergraduate and graduate level students was completed in 2017 et al.-Farabi Kazakh National University, the largest higher institution in the country, from almost all Schools. A 45-item questionnaire was used to record physical activity, supplements use, lifestyle attributes (smoking, alcohol, sleep, etc...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#9
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627803/danish-centre-for-strategic-research-in-type-2-diabetes-dd2-project-cohort-of-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cohort-profile
#10
Diana Hedevang Christensen, Sia Kromann Nicolaisen, Klára Berencsi, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Jørgen Rungby, Søren Friborg, Ivan Brandslund, Jens Sandahl Christiansen, Allan Vaag, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to provide a detailed description of the ongoing nationwide Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2) project cohort and biobank. The DD2 cohort continuously enrols newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) throughout Denmark. The overall goal of the DD2 project is to establish a large and data-rich T2D cohort that can serve as a platform for exhaustive T2D research including (1) improved genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of T2D, (2) intervention studies of more individualised T2D treatment, (3) pharmacoepidemiological studies and (4) long-term follow-up studies on predictors of T2D complications and prognosis...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627784/combined-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-and-incident-disability-in-an-elderly-population-the-ohsaki-cohort-2006-study
#11
Shu Zhang, Yasutake Tomata, Roger B Newson, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: The joint impact of healthy lifestyle behaviours (HLBs) on incident disability among elderly populations is still uncertain. This cohort study was conducted to estimate the population-attributable fraction (PAF) of combined HLBs for disability reduction in elderly Japanese. METHODS: We analysed 10-year follow-up data for 9910 community-dwelling elderly people (≥65 years) in a prospective cohort study. Information on lifestyle behaviours and food consumption was collected via a questionnaire in 2006...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623017/rising-incidence-of-obesity-in-saudi-residents-a-threatening-challenge-for-the-surgeons
#12
Azzam Al-Kadi, Arshad M Malik, Ali E Mansour
Objective: Obesity is thought to correlate very strongly with individuals general lifestyles. This study was conducted to determine whether lifestyle patterns were potential risk factors for morbid obesity in Saudi residents. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Unaizah City, Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, over a 1-year period from March 2013 to March 2014. The study included 646 residents from the general public of Unaizah who were selected by convenient sampling at a mall and a public sector university, regardless of age and gender, and were given questionnaires regarding the details of their lifestyle patterns...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618312/the-nutritional-characteristics-of-the-hypotensive-washoku-modified-dash-diet-a-sub-analysis-of-the-dash-jump-study
#13
Atsuko Kawamura, Katsuko Kajiya, Hiroko Kishi, Junko Inagaki, Makoto Mitarai, Hiroshi Oda, Seiji Umemoto, Sei Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: We developed a WASHOKU-modified DASH diet named DASH-JUMP. We previously reported the hypotensive effect of the DASH-JUMP diet in Japanese participants with untreated high-normal blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 hypertension. OBJECTIVE: We aim to introduce the DASH-JUMP diet worldwide as a new lifestyle medicine. Accordingly, we prospectively assessed the nutritional characteristics of the DASH-JUMP diet. METHODS: Participants were treated with the DASH-JUMP diet for 2 months...
April 4, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615107/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-assess-knowledge-of-healthy-lifestyles-in-early-grade-school-children
#14
Salim R Surani, Sean Hesselbacher, Zoya Surani, Moinuddin Mokhasi, Saherish S Surani, Jose Guardiola, Lauren Quisenberry, Sara S Surani
OBJECTIVE: Healthy habits during childhood has been of prime importance. We aimed to gather baseline information about health habits from children in kindergarten and first grade (typically ages 5-7). Our objectives were to validate the questionnaire in assessing health habits, as well as the electronic audience response system, iClicker (MPS, Gordonsville, VA), in this age group. RESULTS: The questionnaire completed by 75 kindergarteners and 66 first graders. For the first graders, questions involving healthy choices were answered correctly 78% of the time (range 8-94%) and had 84% agreement on repeat testing (range 64-93%)...
April 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614732/determinants-of-child-health-behaviors-in-a-disadvantaged-area-from-a-community-perspective-a-participatory-needs-assessment
#15
Manou Anselma, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Teatske Maria Altenburg
Children from disadvantaged areas are hard to reach for interventions aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles. We conducted a participatory needs assessment, in which researchers collaborated with a community in a disadvantaged area in Amsterdam to gain an understanding of the health-related issues of children within this community. Qualitative data was collected through: three to four participatory group meetings with three groups of 9-12-year-old children ( n = 5-9 per group); nine interviews with professionals working with youth; two interviews with parents and their children; and informal meetings including 31 parents...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614009/nutrition-labelling-use-and-higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-results-from-the-disa-umh-study
#16
Eva María Navarrete-Muñoz, Laura Torres-Collado, Desirée Valera-Gran, Sandra Gonzalez-Palacios, Laura María Compañ-Gabucio, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Manuela García-de-la-Hera
The aim of this study was to identify determinants of the nutrition labelling (NL) use and explore its association with the adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in Spanish health university students. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data from 1026 university students aged 17-35 years enrolled in the DiSA-UMH (Dieta, Salud y Antropometría-Universidad Miguel Hernández) cohort study. Students were asked about their NL use by the following question: "Do you usually read the nutrition labelling of packaged foods?" (No, Yes)...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609555/long-term-effects-on-cardiovascular-risk-of-a-structured-multidisciplinary-lifestyle-program-in-clinical-practice
#17
Matthias Lidin, Mai-Lis Hellénius, Monica Rydell-Karlsson, Elin Ekblom-Bak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is still the leading cause of premature death world-wide with factors like abdominal obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia being central risk factors in the etiology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects on cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular risk after 6 months and 1 year, in individuals with increased cardiovascular risk enrolled in a lifestyle multidisciplinary program in a clinical setting. METHOD: Individuals with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals to a program at an outpatient clinic at a department of cardiology...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609136/fetuin-b-links-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-to-type-2-diabetes-via-inducing-insulin-resistance-association-and-path-analyses
#18
Zhibin Li, Mingzhu Lin, Changqin Liu, Dongmei Wang, Xiulin Shi, Zheng Chen, Yongwen Liu, Shuyu Yang, Xuejun Li
OBJECTIVE: Laboratory models suggested that Fetuin-B impaired insulin action in myotubes and hepatocytes and caused glucose intolerance in mice. We aimed to explore the independent associations and pathways among serum Fetuin-B, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1318 obese adults who underwent serum Fetuin-B test and hepatic ultrasonography scanning was conducted in Xiamen, China. Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of serum Fetuin-B level and NAFLD for T2D in different models with adjustment for potential confounders...
March 30, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606996/structural-changes-of-subcutaneous-tissue-valued-by-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-cellulitis-following-treatment-with-the-pnkcelulitis-%C3%A2-program
#19
Esther Roe, Esther Serra, German Guzman, Ignacio Sajoux
Background: Poor eating habits, a sedentary lifestyle, and limited physical activity are predisposing factors for the development of cellulite. The PnKCelulitis® Programme (Pronokal Group, Barcelona, Spain) is a new approach to the treatment of cellulite that combines dietary guidelines, physical exercise, and the application of an anti-cellulite cream. Objective: We sought to objectively and via cutaneous ultrasound assess the benefit of the new multidisciplinary anti-cellulite treatment program and to evaluate any visual changes in the appearance of the skin...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606110/implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-lifestyle-interventions-in-swedish-primary-healthcare-a-two-year-follow-up
#20
Therese Kardakis, Lars Jerdén, Monica E Nyström, Lars Weinehall, Helene Johansson
BACKGROUND: Implementation of interventions concerning prevention and health promotion in health care has faced particular challenges resulting in a low frequency and quality of these services. In November 2011, the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare released national clinical practice guidelines to counteract patients' unhealthy lifestyle habits. Drawing on the results of a previous study as a point of departure, the aim of this two-year follow up was to assess the progress of work with lifestyle interventions in primary healthcare as well as the uptake and usage of the new guidelines on lifestyle interventions in clinical practice...
April 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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