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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108088/meeting-the-needs-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-youth-formative-research-on-potential-digital-health-interventions
#1
Jessica Steinke, Meredith Root-Bowman, Sherry Estabrook, Deborah S Levine, Leslie M Kantor
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY) have unique risk factors and worse health outcomes than their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. SGMY's significant online activity represents an opportunity for digital interventions. To help meet the sex education and health needs of SGMY and to understand what they consider important, formative research was conducted to guide and inform the development of new digital health interventions. METHODS: Semistructured interviews, in-person focus groups, and online focus groups were conducted with 92 youths (aged 15-19 years) who self-identify as nonheterosexual, noncisgender, questioning, and/or have engaged in same-sex sexual behavior...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107135/recognition-intervention-and-management-of-digit-sucking-a-clinical-guide-for-the-general-dental-practitioner
#2
Ohsun Kwon, Paras Jiteshkumar Haria, Sheena Kotecha
Digit sucking is a common habit in young children, which if allowed to continue for a prolonged period, can adversely affect the development of the face and dental occlusion. Patients with digit sucking habits often present with an increased overjet, reduced overbite, anterior open bite, posterior crossbite and possible skeletal changes which can be challenging and costly to correct if the habit is not ceased in a timely manner. This article aims to provide guidance for general dental practitioners to recognise and appropriately manage patients with a digit sucking habit...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106552/meditation-and-music-improve-memory-and-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Sahiti Kandati
BACKGROUND: While effective therapies for preventing or slowing cognitive decline in at-risk populations remain elusive, evidence suggests mind-body interventions may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the effects of Kirtan Kriya meditation (KK) and music listening (ML) on cognitive outcomes in adults experiencing subjective cognitive decline (SCD), a strong predictor of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Sixty participants with SCD were randomized to a KK or ML program and asked to practice 12 minutes/day for 3 months, then at their discretion for the ensuing 3 months...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105113/a-model-of-health-education-and-management-for-osteoporosis-prevention
#4
Liang Wang, Xiaowen Xu, Yan Zhang, Hongxia Hao, Liying Chen, Tianjiao Su, Yan Zhang, Weifeng Ma, Yuanyuan Xie, Tiantian Wang, Fan Yang, Li He, Wenjiao Wang, Xuemei Fu, Yuanzheng Ma
Osteoporosis, a chronic disease with no therapeutic cure, affects a growing number of people as the aging population in China rapidly increases. Therefore, developing an evidence-based model of health education and management for osteoporosis prevention is required. In the present study, an osteoporosis club was established, which is a novel model of health education and management for osteoporosis prevention. A unified management of membership was used based on a digitized database. A total of 436 patients with osteoporosis were randomly assigned to the osteoporosis club group or the self-management control group...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103179/theory-based-formative-research-on-an-anti-cyberbullying-victimization-intervention-message
#5
Matthew W Savage, Douglas M Deiss, Anthony J Roberto, Elias Aboujaoude
Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103120/compassionate-options-for-pediatric-ems-cope-addressing-communication-skills
#6
Aaron W Calhoun, Erica R H Sutton, Anita P Barbee, Beth McClure, Carrie Bohnert, Richard Forest, Peter Taillac, Mary E Fallat
INTRODUCTION: Each year, 16,000 children suffer cardiopulmonary arrest, and in one urban study, 2% of pediatric EMS calls were attributed to pediatric arrests. This indicates a need for enhanced educational options for prehospital providers that address how to communicate to families in these difficult situations. In response, our team developed a cellular phone digital application (app) designed to assist EMS providers in self-debriefing these events, thereby improving their communication skills...
January 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#7
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097429/early-and-noninvasive-evaluation-using-superficial-temporal-artery-duplex-ultrasonography-after-indirect-bypass-for-adult-ischemic-moyamoya-disease
#8
Sayaka Ogawa, Hiroshi Abe, Toshiro Katsuta, Kenji Fukuda, Toshiyasu Ogata, Koichi Miki, Tooru Inoue
BACKGROUND: The validity of indirect bypass for adult patients with moyamoya disease is still debatable. Some patients are poor responders to indirect bypass, and additive intervention is occasionally required in these cases. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the development of collateral circulation as early as possible postoperatively. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients (>17 years old) with moyamoya disease (22 affected sides) who underwent encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) at Fukuoka University Hospital from April 2008 to August 2014 were included...
January 17, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095548/integrated-cooling-vacuum-assisted-non-fractional-1540-nm-erbium-glass-laser-is-effective-in-treating-acne-scars
#9
Yael Politi, Assi Levi, Moshe Lapidoth
INTRODUCTION: Acne scars are a common result of in ammatory acne, affecting many patients worldwide. Among which, atrophic scars are the most prevalent form, presenting as dermal depressions caused by inflammatory degeneration of dermal collagen. Mid-infrared laser skin interaction is characterized by its modest absorption in water and nite penetration to the mid-dermis. Since collagen is a desirable laser target, 1540-nm wavelength is amenable for collagen remodeling within the depressed area of atrophic scars...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092638/mr-elastography-to-measure-the-effects-of-cancer-and-pathology-fixation-on-prostate-biomechanics-and-comparison-with-t-1-t-2-and-adc
#10
Deirdre M McGrath, Jenny Lee, Warren D Foltz, Navid Samavati, Theo van der Kwast, Michael A S Jewett, Peter Chung, Cynthia Ménard, Kristy K Brock
MRI is under evaluation for image-guided intervention for prostate cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI parameters is determined via correlation with the gold-standard of histopathology. Whole-mount histopathology of prostatectomy specimens can be digitally registered to in vivo imaging for correlation. When biomechanical-based deformable registration is employed to account for deformation during histopathology processing, the ex vivo biomechanical properties are required. However, these properties are altered by pathology fixation, and vary with disease...
February 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091966/aortic-regurgitation-generates-a-kinematic-obstruction-which-hinders-left-ventricular-filling
#11
Ikechukwu Okafor, Vrishank Raghav, Jose F Condado, Prem A Midha, Gautam Kumar, Ajit P Yoganathan
An incompetent aortic valve (AV) results in aortic regurgitation (AR), where retrograde flow of blood into the left ventricle (LV) is observed. In this work, we parametrically characterized the detailed changes in intra-ventricular flow during diastole as a result of AR in a physiological in vitro left-heart simulator (LHS). The loss of energy within the LV as the level of AR increased was also assessed. The validated LHS consisted of an optically-clear, flexible wall LV and a modular AV holder. Two-component, planar, digital particle image velocimetry was used to visualize and quantify intra-ventricular flow...
January 13, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087496/digital-pills-to-measure-opioid-ingestion-patterns-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-fracture-pain-a-pilot-study
#12
Peter R Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J Innes, Rochelle K Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Edward W Boyer
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087466/-monkey-see-monkey-do-peers-behaviors-predict-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-in-childcare-centers
#13
Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Jonathan Boudreau, Hassan Vatanparast, Nazeem Muhajarine, Anne Leis, M Louise Humbert, Natalie Carrier
Preschoolers observe and imitate the behaviors of those who are similar to them. Therefore, peers may be role models for preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers. This study examined whether peers' behaviors predict change in preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers over 9months. A total of 238 preschoolers (3 to 5years old) from 23 childcare centers in two Canadian provinces provided data at the beginning (October 2013 and 2014) and the end (June 2014 and 2015) of a 9-month period for this longitudinal study...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079714/radiomic-phenotyping-in-brain-cancer-to-unravel-hidden-information-in-medical-images
#14
Srishti Abrol, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Ahmed Salem, Pascal O Zinn, Rivka R Colen
Radiomics is a new area of research in the field of imaging with tremendous potential to unravel the hidden information in digital images. The scope of radiology has grown exponentially over the last two decades; since the advent of radiomics, many quantitative imaging features can now be extracted from medical images through high-throughput computing, and these can be converted into mineable data that can help in linking imaging phenotypes with clinical data, genomics, proteomics, and other "omics" information...
January 11, 2017: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079592/implementation-science-the-laboratory-as-a-command-centre
#15
Debrah I Boeras, John N Nkengasong, Rosanna W Peeling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in point-of-care technologies to ensure universal access to affordable quality-assured diagnostics have the potential to transform patient management, surveillance programmes, and control of infectious diseases. Decentralization of testing can put tremendous stresses on fragile health systems if the laboratory is not involved in the planning, introduction, and scale-up strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: The impact of investments in novel technologies can only be realized if these tests are evaluated, adopted, and scaled up within the healthcare system with appropriate planning and understanding of the local contexts in which these technologies will be used...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077644/ultrasensitive-hiv-1-p24-detects-single-infected-cells-and-differences-in-reservoir-induction-by-latency-reversal-agents
#16
Caroline Pereira Bittencourt Passaes, Timothée Bruel, Jérémie Decalf, Annie David, Mathieu Angin, Valerie Monceaux, Michaela Muller-Trutwin, Nicolas Noel, Katia Bourdic, Olivier Lambotte, Matthew L Albert, Darragh Duffy, Olivier Schwartz, Asier Sáez-Cirión
: The existence of HIV reservoirs in infected individuals under cART represents a major obstacle towards cure. Viral reservoirs are assessed by quantification of HIV nucleic acids, which does not discriminate between infectious and defective viruses, or by viral outgrowth assays, which requires large number of cells and long-term cultures. Here, we used an ultrasensitive p24 digital assay, which we report to be 1000 fold more sensitive than classical ELISA in the quantification of HIV-1 Gag p24 production in HIV-infected individuals samples...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073288/pattern-versus-change
#17
Harleah G Buck, Judith Hupcey, Alexa Watach
It is imperative that dyadic heart failure (HF) self-care be carefully examined so we can develop interventions which improve patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine how patient/informal caregiver dyads mutually engage in managing the patient's HF at home. Twenty-seven dyads were interviewed using a theoretically derived interview guide. All interviews were digitally recorded and professionally transcribed, and iterative thematic analysis was conducted. Three descriptive themes emerged-Mutual engagement in self-care involves maintaining established patterns of engagement across the life course of the relationship, changing patterns according to whether it is day-to-day care or symptom management, and mobilizing the help of a third party as consultant...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070223/medical-grade-footwear-the-impact-of-fit-and-comfort
#18
Bessie Hurst, Helen Branthwaite, Andrew Greenhalgh, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Pressure-related skin lesions on the digits are a significant cause of discomfort. Most foot pain related to ill-fitting shoes occurs in the forefoot and digital areas. Pain has been associated with poor shoe fit, reduced toe box volume, as well as contour and shape of the shoe Off-the-shelf medical-grade footwear is designed as an intervention for chronic lesions on the digits. These shoes are designed with a flexible neoprene fabric upper that is thought to reduce pressure on the forefoot and reduce discomfort associated with ill-fitting shoes...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069041/understanding-how-primary-care-practitioners-perceive-an-online-intervention-for-the-management-of-hypertension
#19
Katherine Bradbury, Katherine Morton, Rebecca Band, Carl May, Richard McManus, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve successful implementation an intervention needs to be acceptable and feasible to its users and must overcome barriers to behaviour change. The Person-Based Approach can help intervention developers to improve their interventions to ensure more successful implementation. This study provides an example of using the Person-Based Approach to refine a digital intervention for hypertension (HOME BP). METHODS: Our Person-Based Approach involved conducting qualitative focus groups with practice staff to explore their perceptions of HOME BP and to identify any potential barriers to implementation of the HOME BP procedures...
January 9, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067945/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-action-for-health-in-diabetes-study
#20
Stephen R Rapp, Jose A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, George L Blackburn, Helen P Hazuda, Kathryn E Demos-McDermott, Robert W Jeffery, Jeffrey N Keller, Jeanne M McCaffery, Nicholas M Pajewski, Mary Evans, Thomas A Wadden, Steven E Arnold, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether randomization to 10 years of lifestyle intervention to induce and maintain weight loss improves cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Continuation study (U01 DK057136-15). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 (N = 3,751)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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