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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430088/informatics-for-health-2017-advancing-both-science-and-practice
#1
Philip J Scott, Ronald Cornet, Colin McCowan, Niels Peek, Paolo Fraccaro, Nophar Geifman, Wouter T Gude, William Hulme, Glen P Martin, Richard Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Informatics for Health congress, 24-26 April 2017, in Manchester, UK, brought together the Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) conference and the Farr Institute International Conference. This special issue of the Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics contains 113 presentation abstracts and 149 poster abstracts from the congress. DISCUSSION: The twin programmes of "Big Data" and "Digital Health" are not always joined up by coherent policy and investment priorities...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428161/toward-game-based-digital-mental-health-interventions-player-habits-and-preferences
#2
Regan Lee Mandryk, Max Valentin Birk
BACKGROUND: Designers of digital interventions for mental health often leverage interactions from games because the intrinsic motivation that results from game-based interventions may increase participation and translate into improved treatment efficacy. However, there are outstanding questions about the suitability (eg, are desktop or mobile interventions more appropriate?) and intervention potential (eg, do people with depression activate enough to play?) of games for mental health...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426847/safety-and-efficacy-of-bilateral-submental-cryolipolysis-with-quantified-3-dimensional-imaging-of-fat-reduction-and-skin-tightening
#3
Eric F Bernstein, Jason D Bloom
Importance: Cryolipolysis is a popular, well-tolerated nonsurgical procedure that uses controlled cooling to selectively destroy fat cells. Central submental cryolipolysis has been reported to be safe and effective, but many patients would benefit from extending this treatment over the entire submental region. Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of cryolipolysis for reduction of lateral and central submental fat. Design, Setting, and Participants: The study population consisted of 14 participants who were treated from January 22 to June 30, 2016, in the lateral and central submental area to reduce unwanted subcutaneous fat...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426298/mass-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-a-rural-area-of-the-united-states
#4
Thomas A Farley, Hayli S Halper, Anne M Carlin, Karen M Emmerson, Kelly N Foster, Angela R Fertig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a mass media campaign to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). METHODS: We disseminated messages emphasizing the health risks of SSBs through television, digital channels, and local organizations over 15 weeks in 2015-2016 in the Tri-Cities region of northeast Tennessee, southwest Virginia, and southeast Kentucky. We evaluated the campaign with pre- and post-telephone surveys of adults aged 18 to 45 years in the intervention area and by examining changes in beverage sales in the intervention and a matched comparison area in western Virginia...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423861/a-digital-framework-to-support-providers-and-patients-in-diabetes-related-behavior-modification
#5
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
We present Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment (D-WISE) that features: (a) Decision support tool to assist family physicians to administer Behavior Modification (BM) strategies to patients; and (b) Patient BM application that offers BM strategies and motivational interventions to engage patients. We take a knowledge management approach, using semantic web technologies, to model the social cognition theory constructs, Canadian diabetes guidelines and BM protocols used locally, in terms of a BM ontology that drives the BM decision support to physicians and BM strategy adherence monitoring and messaging to patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423759/developing-the-safety-case-for-medipi-an-open-source-platform-for-self-management
#6
Andrew Carr, Damian Murphy, Ian Dugdale, Anne Dyson, Ibrahim Habli, Richard Robinson
mHealth and Telehealth technologies are increasingly used to provide personalised, interactive and timely access to health data, thereby helping patients take a more active role in their care process. However, similar to any intervention, the use of these technologies has to be assured to justify that they do not compromise patient safety. In this paper, we discuss the development of a safety case for MediPi; a research prototype for a low-cost open-source digital platform that collects physiological data from patients, at home, and makes it available to decision-support systems used by clinicians...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422614/electronic-follow-up-of-developing-world-cleft-patients-a-digital-dream
#7
Tom W M Walker, Ambika Chadha, William Rodgers, Caroline Mills, Peter Ayliffe
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential access to telemedicine follow-up of children with clefts operated on a humanitarian mission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of parents of children presenting to a humanitarian cleft lip and palate mission in a Provincial Hospital in the Philippines. A purpose designed questionnaire was used to assess access to electronic and digital resources that could be used to aid follow-up. Forty-five (N = 45) parents of children having primary cleft lip and or palate surgery participated...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422398/do-mhealth-interventions-prevent-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#8
S J Herring
Mobile technologies are nearly ubiquitous worldwide (Pew Research Center, Technology Device Ownership: 2015). These digital platforms hold considerable promise for delivering weight control interventions due to their broach reach, immediate scalability, and low implementation costs (Bennett G et al. Annu Rev Public Health 2009;30:273-92). There is evidence for their efficacy in promoting weight loss among non-pregnant adults with obesity (Flores Mateo G et al. J Med Internet Res 2015;17(11):e253), yet few studies have examined the feasibility and efficacy of mobile technologies for preventing excessive weight gain in pregnant women at highest risk...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#9
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421175/factors-influencing-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-excessive-alcohol-consumption-think-aloud-and-interview-studies
#10
David Crane, Claire Garnett, Jamie Brown, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Interventions delivered by smartphone apps have the potential to help drinkers reduce their consumption of alcohol. To optimize engagement and reduce the high rates of attrition associated with the use of digital interventions, it is necessary to ensure that an app's design and functionality is appropriate for its intended purposes and target population. AIMS: To understand the usability of an app to help people reduce their alcohol consumption. METHOD: The app, Drink Less, contains a core module focusing on goal setting, supplemented by five additional modules: self-monitoring and feedback, identity change, cognitive bias re-training, action planning, and social comparison...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420352/assessing-the-reliability-of-self-reported-weight-for-the-management-of-heart-failure-application-of-fraud-detection-methods-to-a-randomised-trial-of-telemonitoring
#12
Adam Steventon, Sarwat I Chaudhry, Zhenqiu Lin, Jennifer A Mattera, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Since clinical management of heart failure relies on weights that are self-reported by the patient, errors in reporting will negatively impact the ability of health care professionals to offer timely and effective preventive care. Errors might often result from rounding, or more generally from individual preferences for numbers ending in certain digits, such as 0 or 5. We apply fraud detection methods to assess preferences for numbers ending in these digits in order to inform medical decision making...
April 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420250/the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology-exercise-prescription-in-everyday-practice-and-rehabilitative-training-expert-tool-a-digital-training-and-decision-support-system-for-optimized-exercise-prescription-in-cardiovascular-disease-concept-definitions
#13
Dominique Hansen, Paul Dendale, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Roberto Pedretti, Eva Geurts, Gustavo R Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Eugenio Greco, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona S Braga, Olga Barna, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Robert Fagard, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Christoph Stettler, Tim Takken, Cajsa Tonoli, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty
Background Exercise rehabilitation is highly recommended by current guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease, but its implementation is still poor. Many clinicians experience difficulties in prescribing exercise in the presence of different concomitant cardiovascular diseases and risk factors within the same patient. It was aimed to develop a digital training and decision support system for exercise prescription in cardiovascular disease patients in clinical practice: the European Association of Preventive Cardiology Exercise Prescription in Everyday Practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419147/cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-automated-bone-subtraction-in-preoperative-embolization-for-pelvic-bone-tumors
#14
Dae Yong Park, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Jin Wook Chung, Saebeom Hur, Minuk Kim, Myungsu Lee, Hwan Jun Jae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of cone-beam computed tomography with automated bone subtraction (CBCT-ABS) in the preoperative embolization of hypervascular tumors located in the pelvic bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 26 patients with pelvic bone tumors who underwent preoperative embolization between January 2014 and October 2016. A CBCT-ABS scan was taken in a total of 17 patients (CBCT-ABS group), and only a series of digital subtraction angiographies (DSAs) was taken in the remaining 9 patients (DSA group)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416550/identification-and-optimization-of-thienopyridine-carboxamides-as-inhibitors-of-hiv-regulatory-complexes
#15
Robert L Nakamura, Mark A Burlingame, Shumin Yang, David C Crosby, Dale J Talbot, Kitty Chui, Alan D Frankel, Adam R Renslo
Viral regulatory complexes perform critical functions during virus replication and are important targets for therapeutic intervention. In HIV, the Tat and Rev proteins form complexes with multiple viral and cellular factors to direct transcription and export of the viral RNA. These complexes are composed of many proteins and are dynamic, making them difficult to fully recapitulate in vitro Therefore we developed a cell-based reporter assay to monitor the assembly of viral complexes for inhibitor screening. We screened a small molecule library and identified multiple hits that inhibit the activity of the viral complexes...
April 17, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415852/internal-health-locus-of-control-predicts-willingness-to-track-health-behaviors-online-and-with-smartphone-applications-%C3%A2
#16
Brooke L Bennett, Carly M Goldstein, Emily C Gathright, Joel W Hughes, Janet D Latner
Given rising technology use across all demographic groups, digital interventions offer a potential strategy for increasing access to health information and care. Research is lacking on identifying individual differences that impact willingness to use digital interventions, which may affect patient engagement. Health locus of control, the amount of control an individual believes they have over their own health, may predict willingness to use mobile health (mHealth) applications ('apps') and online trackers. A cross-sectional study (n = 276) was conducted to assess college students' health locus of control beliefs and willingness to use health apps and online trackers...
April 17, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414007/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-digital-health-interventions-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Chayakrit Krittanawong, Mehmet Aydar, Takeshi Kitai
Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease/cardiovascular disease mortality, and current guidelines recommend physical activity for primary prevention in healthy individuals and secondary prevention in patients with coronary heart disease/cardiovascular disease. Over the last decade, playing classic video games has become one of the most popular leisure activities in the world, but is associated with a sedentary lifestyle. In the new era of rapidly evolving augmented reality technology, Pokémon Go, a well-known augmented reality game, may promote physical activity and prevent cardiovascular disease risks - that is, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension...
April 17, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413597/concurrent-manifestation-of-clinical-hypodontia-and-blindness-a-case-report
#18
Jeremiah Robert Moshy, Karpal Singh Sohal, Mark Chindia
A case is reported of a 26-year-old blind man with hypodontia and multiple apparently underdeveloped impacted teeth. The patient reported that he had progressively developed visual impairment at the age of 11 years whence he became totally blind when he turned 12 years. The aim of this report is to open an academic and professional debate on the challenges of its definitive diagnosis and appropriate intervention.Blindness is not reported in any of the previously described syndromes; therefore, concurrent manifestation of "hypodontia, blindness, failure of eruption and digital lesions" can be proposed as a syndrome...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413549/challenges-in-a-case-of-ophthalmic-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-abnormal-internal-carotid-arteries
#19
Eduard B Dinca, Felix Brehar, Andrei Giovani, Alexandru V Ciurea
Ophthalmic artery aneurysms account for 5% of all cerebral aneurysms and are an important cause of morbidity and mortality related to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The diagnosis is often made only when the aneurysm is large enough to become symptomatic. They remain technically challenging for both neurosurgeon and interventional radiologist. We present the case of a 62-year-old woman admitted for transient loss of consciousness, followed by generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Computed tomography (CT) showed a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), clinically graded as Hunt and Hess III...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412890/three-problems-with-current-digital-mental-health-research-and-three-things-we-can-do-about-them
#20
David C Mohr, Ken R Weingardt, Madhu Reddy, Stephen M Schueller
An increasingly large body of randomized controlled trials has demonstrated the efficacy of mental health technologies, such as Web-based and mobile interventions, to prevent and treat mental disorders and increase psychological well-being. However, there is little evidence that these tools can be successfully implemented in clinical settings. The authors highlight three widely held misconceptions that they believe are holding back the field, and they reconceptualize the issues to strengthen the path toward implementation and accelerate innovation...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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