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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024445/mini-screws-for-improving-accuracy-in-navigation-assisted-spine-surgery
#1
Sebastian A Ahmadi, Amin Hashemi, Jürgen Harms, Berk Orakcioglu
STUDY DESIGN: Presentation of a surgical technique with accompanying video (Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/CLINSPINE/A67) of an illustrative case. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present a helpful and easy-to-implement technique for improving initial referencing accuracy, as well as rereferencing accuracy in cases of multilevel instrumentation or in cases of dislocation of the reference array. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Navigation-assisted spine surgery has become standard of care in most hospitals performing complex spine interventions...
July 17, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023068/safety-diagnostic-accuracy-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-digital-single-operator-cholangioscopy
#2
Frank Lenze, Arne Bokemeyer, Dina Gross, Tobias Nowacki, Dominik Bettenworth, Hansjoerg Ullerich
Background: Digital single-operator cholangioscopes (digital SOCs), equipped with an improved image quality, have been recently introduced. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of digital SOCs (Spyglass™ DS). Methods: Sixty-seven digital SOC procedures performed between 2015 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The most frequent indications for examination were indeterminate biliary strictures (61...
July 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022237/-medication-safety-in-hospitals-integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-to-reduce-drug-related-problems-in-the-inpatient-setting
#3
REVIEW
Ute Blassmann, Benedict Morath, Andreas Fischer, Holger Knoth, Torsten Hoppe-Tichy
Drug-related problems (DRPs) are a significant and often preventable cause for morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is associated with a high risk for DRPs, especially due to a lack of information transfer at transitions of care. At the same time, interventions during inpatient treatment usually require a change in drug therapy and additionally increase the risk of DRPs. Thereby, DRPs can occur at all levels of the medication process and can be caused by different groups of professionals. One way to improve medication safety in hospitals is to integrate clinical pharmacists into the medication process...
July 18, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021705/digital-food-records-in-community-based-interventions-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#4
Lauren A Fowler, Leah R Yingling, Alyssa T Brooks, Gwenyth R Wallen, Marlene Peters-Lawrence, Michael McClurkin, Kenneth L Wiley, Valerie M Mitchell, Twanda D Johnson, Kendrick E Curry, Allan A Johnson, Avis P Graham, Lennox A Graham, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: A pressing need exists to understand and optimize the use of dietary assessment tools that can be used in community-based participatory research (CBPR) interventions. A digital food record, which uses a mobile device to capture the dietary intake through text and photography inputs, is a particularly promising mobile assessment method. However, little is understood about the acceptability and feasibility of digital food records in CBPR and how to best tailor dietary assessment tools to the needs of a community...
July 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021578/facilitating-physical-activity-and-reducing-symptoms-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-a-theory-based-prevop-psychological-adherence-program-prevop-pap
#5
Nina Knoll, Diana Hilda Hohl, Susannah Motter, Jan Keller, Daniela Lange, Dieter Felsenberg, Peter Martus, Wolfgang Ertel, Ralf Schwarzer
BACKGROUND: The present randomized controlled trial, which is crossed with the "PREVenting the impairment of primary Osteoarthritis by high impact long-term Physical exercise regimen" Main Medical Trial (PrevOP-MMT), aims to evaluate a psychological adherence program (PrevOP-PAP), and is designed to support persons with knee osteoarthritis (OAK) in the uptake and maintenance of regular physical activity to reduce OAK symptoms. The PrevOP-PAP is based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), a social-cognitive theory predicting health behavior change in individuals, extended here by social network characteristics and social exchange processes...
July 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020798/platform-switching-and-screw-and-cement-retained-restorations-effects-on-peri-implant-tissue-health-and-disease
#6
Alex Matosian, Marc Hayashi, Bobby Birdi, Sreenivas Koka
As dental implant therapy has evolved since its early days more than five decades ago, its effects have been mostly extremely positive. However, over the course of time, several undesirable, unanticipated consequences have also materialized, most notably peri-implant disease. In this article, the authors propose that many of the challenges clinicians see today regarding increased peri-implant disease represent negative effects of interventions that, though well-intended, had unforeseen shortcomings. Sufficient time has now passed for these adverse effects to manifest, and clinicians today are better able to understand how their attempts to solve problems in some ways produced new challenges...
July 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020238/sphenoid-dysplasia-in-neurofibromatosis-patterns-of-presentation-and-outcomes-of-treatment
#7
Sanjay Naran, Jordan W Swanson, Cassandra A Ligh, Val Shubinets, Michael J Fisher, Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
INTRODUCTION: Sphenoid wing dysplasia in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) may result in challenging and significant changes, including ultimately vision loss. We describe the radiographic patterns of sphenoid dysmorphology with time and age, and the impact of surgical intervention on preservation of vision. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at a single pediatric hospital, identifying subjects with NF-1. Records were reviewed in their entirety for each subject, with attention to opthamalogic evaluation...
July 5, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019663/change-in-cognitive-performance-from-midlife-into-old-age-findings-from-the-midlife-in-the-united-states-midus-study
#8
Matthew L Hughes, Stefan Agrigoroaei, Minjeong Jeon, Molly Bruzzese, Margie E Lachman
OBJECTIVES: A substantial body of research has documented age-related declines in cognitive abilities among adults over 60, yet there is much less known about changes in cognitive abilities during midlife. The goal was to examine longitudinal changes in multiple cognitive domains from early midlife through old age in a large national sample, the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study. METHODS: The Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT) was administered on two occasions (MIDUS 2, MIDUS 3), an average of 9 years apart...
July 18, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019575/digital-myxoid-cysts-12-years-experience-from-two-italian-dermatology-units
#9
Caterina Ferreli, Margherita Caravano, Giuseppe Fumo, Franco Rongioletti
AIM AND METHODS: Digital mucous cysts (DMCs) are benign, translucent, fluid-filled asymptomatic, slow-growing, dome-shaped nodules overlying a joint or tendon sheath on the distal dorsal side of the fingers or, more rarely, on the toes. They are degenerative in nature and are often associated with interphalangeal joint arthritis. Although DMCs are usually solitary, multiple cysts have been observed to develop simultaneously. They can sometimes be painful, confer a reduction in motility, and cause weakness and deformity in the nails...
July 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019486/social-media-in-nursing-and-midwifery-education-a-mixed-study-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Siobhan O'Connor, Sarah Jolliffe, Emma Stanmore, Laoise Renwick, Richard Booth
AIM: To synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of social media in nursing and midwifery education. BACKGROUND: Social media are being explored to see if these online tools can support teaching, learning and assessment. DESIGN: A mixed study systematic review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and ERIC was run in January 2016. An updated search was run in June 2017. No date limits were applied...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017005/life-story-books-for-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#11
Teuntje R Elfrink, Sytse U Zuidema, Miriam Kunz, Gerben J Westerhof
ABSTRACTObjectives:There is an increasing evidence that reminiscence therapy is effective in improving cognitive functions and reducing depressive symptoms in people with dementia. Life story books (LSBs) are frequently used as a reminiscence tool to support recollecting autobiographical memories. As little is known about how LSBs are used and what type of studies have been employed to evaluate LSB interventions, we conducted a systematic review. METHODS: The electronic databases Scopus, PubMed, and PsychINFO as well as reference lists of existing studies were searched to select eligible articles...
July 18, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016943/a-model-for-predicting-utilization-of-mhealth-interventions-in-low-resource-settings-case-of-maternal-and-newborn-care-in-kenya
#12
Stephen Mburu, Robert Oboko
BACKGROUND: In low-resource settings, there are numerous socioeconomic challenges such as poverty, inadequate facilities, shortage of skilled health workers, illiteracy and cultural barriers that contribute to high maternal and newborn deaths. To address these challenges, there are several mHealth projects particularly in Sub-Sahara Africa seeking to exploit opportunities provided by over 90% rate of mobile penetration. However, most of these interventions have failed to justify their value proposition to inspire utilization in low-resource settings...
July 17, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013357/reablement-teams-roles-a-qualitative-study-of-interdisciplinary-teams-experiences
#13
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Olbjørg Skutle, Herdis Alvsvåg, Oddvar Førland
Introduction: Reablement is a service for home-dwelling older people experiencing a decline in health and function. The focus of reablement is the improvement of the person's function and coping of his or he valued daily activities. The health care professionals and the home care personnel are working together with the older person toward his goals. In reablement, health care personnel are organized in an interdisciplinary team and collaborate with the older person in achieving his goals...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012298/complications-of-treatment-for-dupuytren-disease
#14
REVIEW
Kyle R Eberlin, Chaitanya S Mudgal
Dupuytren contracture is a progressive disease involving collagen within the palmar fascia. When the contracture progresses to meet specific parameters, intervention is considered and includes collagenase injection, percutaneous or open fasciotomy, or palmar fasciectomy. Complications after treatment include contracture recurrence, digital nerve injury or postoperative neurapraxia, flexor tendon injury/rupture, delayed wound healing or skin necrosis, dysvascular digit/arterial injury, hematoma, and infection...
August 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010835/a-web-based-dietary-intervention-in-early-pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
R A K Kennedy, C M E Reynolds, S Cawley, E O'Malley, D M McCartney, M J Turner
Background: Maternal nutrition is a determinant of pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have evaluated the potential of online nutrition resources to modify behaviour. This randomized controlled trial aimed to determine whether access to a customized evidence-based nutrition website in pregnancy improved neonatal outcomes. Methods: Women <18 weeks gestation were recruited at their convenience. The control group received standard care. In addition to standard care, the intervention group received access to an evidence-based nutrition website, customized to the preferences of pregnant women...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007401/a-cluster-randomized-web-based-intervention-trial-to-reduce-food-neophobia-and-promote-healthy-diets-among-one-year-old-children-in-kindergarten-study-protocol
#16
Eli Anne Myrvoll Blomkvist, Sissel Heidi Helland, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: A child's first years of life are crucial for cognitive development and future health. Studies show that a varied diet with a high intake of vegetables is positive for both weight and cognitive development. The present low intake of vegetables in children's diets is therefore a concern. Food neophobia can be a barrier for vegetable intake in children. Our hypothesis is that interventions that can increase children's intake of vegetables should be introduced early in life to overcome children's neophobia...
July 14, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007146/a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-perceptions-of-a-behavioural-strategies-e-learning-program-to-reduce-interruptions-during-medication-administration
#17
Maree Johnson, Tracy Levett-Jones, R Langdon, Gabrielle Weidemann, Elizabeth Manias, Bronwyn Everett
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the perceptions of nurses of an e-learning educational program to encourage the use of behavioural strategies-blocking, engaging, mediating, multitasking, and preventing-to reduce the negative effects of interruptions during medication administration. DESIGN: A qualitative design was used to evaluate the impact of this e-learning educational intervention on nurses' behaviour. SETTINGS: Two wards (palliative care and aged care) from two different hospitals within a large local health service within Sydney Australia, were included in the study...
June 30, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006839/digital-single-operator-cholangioscopy-a-useful-tool-for-selective-guidewire-placements-across-complex-biliary-strictures
#18
Arne Bokemeyer, Dina Gross, Markus Brückner, Tobias Nowacki, Dominik Bettenworth, Hartmut Schmidt, Hauke Heinzow, Iyad Kabar, Hansjoerg Ullerich, Frank Lenze
BACKGROUND: Treatment of biliary strictures is challenging. Digital single-operator cholangioscopes (SOCs) equipped with an improved imaging quality, were recently introduced and may be useful for selective guidewire placement in difficult biliary strictures. METHODS: A total of 167 digital SOC procedures performed between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed for successful guidewire placements across biliary strictures. Only cases with previous failed conventional guidewire placement approaches were included...
July 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004265/comparison-of-different-three-dimensional-printed-resorbable-materials-in-vitro-biocompatibility-in-vitro-degradation-rate-and-cell-differentiation-support
#19
Lukas Raddatz, Marline Kirsch, Dominik Geier, Jörn Schaeske, Kevin Acreman, Rafael Gentsch, Scott Jones, Andreas Karau, Tommy Washington, Meike Stiesch, Thomas Becker, Sascha Beutel, Thomas Scheper, Antonina Lavrentieva
Biodegradable materials play a crucial role in both material and medical sciences and are frequently used as a primary commodity for implants generation. Due to their material inherent properties, they are supposed to be entirely resorbed by the patients' body after fulfilling their task as a scaffold. This makes a second intervention (e.g. for implant removal) redundant and significantly enhances a patient's post-operative life quality. At the moment, materials for resorbable and biodegradable implants (e...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003481/social-incentives-and-gamification-to-promote-weight-loss-the-lose-it-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Gregory W Kurtzman, Susan C Day, Dylan S Small, Marta Lynch, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Charles A L Rareshide, Mitesh S Patel
BACKGROUND: Social networks influence obesity patterns, but interventions to leverage social incentives to promote weight loss have not been well evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of gamification interventions designed using insights from behavioral economics to enhance social incentives to promote weight loss. DESIGN: The Leveraging Our Social Experiences and Incentives Trial (LOSE IT) was a 36-week randomized, controlled trial with a 24-week intervention and 12-week follow-up...
July 12, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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