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Digital interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345144/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-go-game-intervention-on-cognitive-function
#1
Ai Iizuka, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Susumu Ogawa, Kimi Estela Kobayashi-Cuya, Momoko Kobayashi, Toru Takebayashi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
This study investigated the effects of an intervention using the game "GO" on cognitive function in nursing home residents and evaluated the acquisition of GO according to each stage of dementia. Participants were randomly assigned to either the GO intervention group or a control group, and the intervention was performed once weekly for 15 weeks. Cognitive tests were conducted before and after intervention, and 17 participants were included in the final analysis. Analysis of covariance demonstrated that in the intervention group, the digit span total score significantly improved and the digit span backward score was maintained, whereas these scores decreased in the control group...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344364/novel-dry-cryotherapy-system-for-cooling-the-equine-digit
#2
Jessica Morgan, Darko Stefanovski, Margret Lenfest, Sraboni Chatterjee, James Orsini
Objectives: Digital cryotherapy is commonly used for laminitis prophylaxis and treatment. Currently validated methods for distal limb cryotherapy involve wet application or compression technology. There is a need for a practical, affordable, dry cryotherapy method that effectively cools the digit. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hoof wall surface temperatures (HWSTs) achieved with a novel dry cryotherapy technology. Design: Repeated-measures in vivo experimental study...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343952/understanding-of-copd-among-final-year-medical-students
#3
Javier Mohigefer, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Eduardo Marquez-Martin, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz, Jose Luis Lopez-Campos
Objective: Several previous studies have shown a suboptimal level of understanding of COPD among different population groups. Students in their final year of Medicine constitute a population that has yet to be explored. The evaluation of their understanding provides an opportunity to establish strategies to improve teaching processes. The objective of the present study is to determine the current level of understanding of COPD among said population. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was done using digital surveys given to medical students in their final year at the Universidad de Sevilla...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334970/digital-media-based-health-intervention-on-the-promotion-of-women-s-physical-activity-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Nooshin Peyman, Majid Rezai-Rad, Hadi Tehrani, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hamid Heidarian Miri
BACKGROUND: Technological advances have caused poor mobility and lower physical activity among humankind. This study was conducted to assess the impact of a digital media-based (multi-media, internet, and mobile phone) health intervention on promotion of women's physical activity. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 360 women were divided into case and control groups. The digital media-based educational intervention was conducted in two months in the case group electronically, using mail and Internet and telephone platforms...
January 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#5
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#6
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326820/a-case-of-intra-arterial-thrombolysis-with-alteplase-in-a-patient-with-hypothenar-hammer-syndrome-but-without-underlying-aneurysm
#7
Harshal Shukla, Vicken Yaghdjian, Issam Koleilat
Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a cause of symptomatic ischemia of the hand secondary to the formation of aneurysm or thrombosis of the ulnar artery in the setting of a complete or incomplete palmar arch. Acute occlusive thrombus or embolus of the hand represents a complex problem that often may require immediate surgical intervention. We report a case of acute unilateral arterial hand ischemia requiring catheter-directed thrombolysis with Alteplase therapy in a patient with acute occlusive arterial thrombosis of the left ulnar artery...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326332/the-impact-of-digital-health-technologies-on-tuberculosis-treatment-a-systematic-review
#8
Brian Kermu Ngwatu, Ntwali Placide Nsengiyumva, Olivia Oxlade, Benjamin Mappin-Kasirer, Nhat Linh Nguyen, Ernesto Jaramillo, Dennis Falzon, Kevin Schwartzman
Digital technologies are increasingly harnessed to support treatment of persons with tuberculosis (TB). Since in-person directly observed treatment (DOT) can be resource intensive and challenging to implement, these technologies may have the potential to improve adherence and clinical outcomes. We reviewed the effect of these technologies on TB treatment adherence and patient outcomes.We searched several bibliographical databases for studies reporting the effect of digital interventions, including short message service (SMS), video-observed therapy (VOT) and medication monitors (MMs), to support treatment for active TB...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325599/are-we-there-yet-an-update-on-transitional-care-in-rheumatology
#9
EDITORIAL
Janet E McDonagh, Albert Farre
Significant progress has been made in the understanding of transitional care in rheumatology over the last few decades, yet universal implementation has not been realised and unmet needs continue to be reported. Possible explanations for this include lack of evidence as to which model is most effective; lack of attention to the multiple dimensions, stakeholders and systems involved in health transitions; and lack of consideration of the developmental appropriateness of transition interventions and the services/organisations/systems where such interventions are delivered...
January 11, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324745/proof-of-concept-study-of-an-at-home-engaging-digital-intervention-for-pediatric-adhd
#10
Naomi O Davis, Jeffrey Bower, Scott H Kollins
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacological and behavioral therapies have limited impact on the distinct neurocognitive impairments associated with ADHD, and existing cognitive training programs have shown limited efficacy. This proof-of-concept study assessed treatment acceptability and explored outcomes for a novel digital treatment targeting cognitive processes implicated in ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 40 children with ADHD and 40 children without ADHD. Following psychiatric screening, ADHD ratings, and baseline neuropsychological measures, participants completed 28-days of at-home treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319352/dual-antegrade-intramedullary-headless-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-unstable-proximal-phalanx-fractures
#12
Michael P Gaspar, Shiv D Gandhi, Randall W Culp, Patrick M Kane
BACKGROUND: Although intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) fixation is a promising minimally invasive surgical treatment option for unstable proximal phalanx fractures, a single IMHS may provide inadequate fixation for certain fracture patterns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes in a pilot series of patients with proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation with a minimum 1 year of follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#13
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318276/association-of-screening-and-treatment-with-breast-cancer-mortality-by-molecular-subtype-in-us-women-2000-2012
#14
Sylvia K Plevritis, Diego Munoz, Allison W Kurian, Natasha K Stout, Oguzhan Alagoz, Aimee M Near, Sandra J Lee, Jeroen J van den Broek, Xuelin Huang, Clyde B Schechter, Brian L Sprague, Juhee Song, Harry J de Koning, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Nicolien T van Ravesteyn, Ronald Gangnon, Young Chandler, Yisheng Li, Cong Xu, Mehmet Ali Ergun, Hui Huang, Donald A Berry, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
Importance: Given recent advances in screening mammography and adjuvant therapy (treatment), quantifying their separate and combined effects on US breast cancer mortality reductions by molecular subtype could guide future decisions to reduce disease burden. Objective: To evaluate the contributions associated with screening and treatment to breast cancer mortality reductions by molecular subtype based on estrogen-receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2, formerly HER2 or HER2/neu)...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317991/successful-recanalization-of-long-femoro-crural-occlusive-disease-after-failed-bypass-surgery
#15
Grigorios Korosoglou, Tom Eisele, Dorothea Raupp, Christoph Eisenbach, Sorin Giusca
Patients with critical limb ischemia necessitate immediate intervention to restore blood flow to the affected limb. Endovascular procedures are currently preferred for these patients. We describe the case of an 80-year-old female patient who presented to our department with ischemic rest pain and ulceration of the left limb. The patient had history of left femoral popliteal bypass surgery, femoral thromboendarterectomy and patch angioplasty of the same limb 2 years ago. Doppler sonography and magnetic resonance angiography revealed an occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal artery and of all three infra-popliteal arteries...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316905/app-technology-to-increase-physical-activity-among-patients-with-diabetes-type-2-the-diacert-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Stephanie E Bonn, Christina Alexandrou, Kristin Hjörleifsdottir Steiner, Klara Wiklander, Claes-Göran Östenson, Marie Löf, Ylva Trolle Lagerros
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can decrease the risk of complications related to diabetes type 2. Feasible and scalable strategies to implement support for a healthy lifestyle for patients in primary care are needed. The aim of the DiaCert-study is to evaluate a digital healthcare platform and the effect of a 12-week long smartphone-app physical activity intervention aiming at increasing physical activity (primary outcome) and improve levels of HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin), blood lipids, blood pressure, body composition, as well as other lifestyle factors and overall health in patients with diabetes type 2...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314188/-seniors-only-want-respect-designing-an-oral-health-program-for-older-adults
#17
Ivette Estrada, Carol Kunzel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Mary E Northridge
AIM: Persistent socioeconomic disparities in the oral disease burden contribute to pain and suffering among vulnerable and underserved populations who face systemic barriers to access oral health care, including older adults living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to gain the views of racial/ethnic minority older adults regarding what they believe would support them and their peers in visiting the dentist regularly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Focus groups were conducted and digitally audio-recorded from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority women and men aged 50 years and older living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health for older adults...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313719/the-longitudinal-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-cyberbullying-mediated-by-anger
#18
Sara Erreygers, Heidi Vandebosch, Ivana Vranjes, Elfi Baillien, Hans De Witte
Adolescents tend to go to bed later and sleep less as they grow older, although their need for sleep stays the same throughout adolescence. Poor sleep has negative consequences on personal and interpersonal functioning, including increased aggressive tendencies. With adolescents' social life increasingly including interactions via digital media, these interactions may also become more aggressive when adolescents' sleep problems increase. One of the ways in which online aggression may be enacted is through cyberbullying...
January 9, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310532/a-systematic-review-of-technology-assisted-interventions-for-co-morbid-depression-and-substance-use
#19
Nicola A Holmes, Joseph Em van Agteren, Diana S Dorstyn
Introduction Mental health interventions disseminated via, or accessed using, digital technologies are an innovative new treatment modality for managing co-morbid depression and substance use disorder. The present systematic review assessed the current state of this literature. Methods A search of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, PsychINFO and Scopus databases identified six eligible studies ( Nparticipants = 862), utilising quasi-experimental or randomised controlled designs. Reporting quality was evaluated and Hedge's g effect sizes (with 95% confidence intervals and p-values) were calculated to determine treatment effectiveness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305339/digital-clinical-communication-for-families-and-caregivers-of-children-or-young-people-with-short-or-long-term-conditions-rapid-review
#20
REVIEW
Xavier Armoiry, Jackie Sturt, Emma Elizabeth Phelps, Clare-Louise Walker, Rachel Court, Frances Taggart, Paul Sutcliffe, Frances Griffiths, Helen Atherton
BACKGROUND: The communication relationship between parents of children or young people with health conditions and health professionals is an important part of treatment, but it is unclear how far the use of digital clinical communication tools may affect this relationship. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe, assess the feasibility of, and explore the impact of digital clinical communication between families or caregivers and health professionals...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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