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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935994/comparison-of-polyethylene-wear-before-and-after-hip-revision-with-liner-exchange-fixed-with-the-original-locking-mechanism
#1
Xinfeng Gu, Jie He, Yiwen Tang, Yuxin Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the wear of conventional ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (CUHMWPE) and highly cross-linked polyethylene (HCLPE) in hip revision with liner exchange fixed with original locking mechanism using analysis of history medical data. METHODS: From Jan. 1, 2000, to Dec. 31, 2007, 26 patients (with 29 involved hips) underwent liner exchange revision fixed with the original locking mechanism due to wear of CUHMWPE and/or osteolysis. The mean age was 53 ± 9 years at the time of the primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and 64 ± 9 years at the revision...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935788/evidence-of-query-theory-as-a-tool-to-assist-restrained-eaters
#2
Sudy Majd, Mark A Conley, Elke U Weber, Gerhard R Andlinger
OBJECTIVES: Using theories from decision-making and behavioral economics, we conducted a study to improve understanding of the decisions of Restrained Eaters. We identified Restrained Eaters via the Revised Restraint Questionnaire. METHODS: One hundred two (N = 102) participants were each randomly assigned to an endowment condition and asked to list their thoughts about 2 products. RESULTS: We found a significant interaction of endowment and thoughts on decisions...
January 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935785/romantic-attachment-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-in-a-chilean-sample-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#3
Mnica Guzmn-Gonzlez, Marie-France Lafontaine, Christine Levesque
Despite evidence that adult attachment insecurity has been linked to the perpetration of physical intimate violence, the mechanisms underlying this link need further exploration. The goal of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between romantic attachment and the use of physical intimate partner violence. To this end, 611 students recruited from Chilean universities completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales...
October 2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935590/methylacidiphilum-fumariolicum-solv-a-thermoacidophilic-knallgas-methanotroph-with-both-an-oxygen-sensitive-and-insensitive-hydrogenase
#4
Sepehr Mohammadi, Arjan Pol, Theo A van Alen, Mike Sm Jetten, Huub Jm Op den Camp
Methanotrophs play a key role in balancing the atmospheric methane concentration. Recently, the microbial methanotrophic diversity was extended by the discovery of thermoacidophilic methanotrophs belonging to the Verrucomicrobia phylum in geothermal areas. Here we show that a representative of this new group, Methylacidiphilum fumariolicum SolV, is able to grow as a real 'Knallgas' bacterium on hydrogen/carbon dioxide, without addition of methane. The full genome of strain SolV revealed the presence of two hydrogen uptake hydrogenases genes, encoding an oxygen-sensitive (hup-type) and an oxygen-insensitive enzyme (hhy-type)...
December 9, 2016: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935565/traumatic-amputations-in-children-and-adolescents-a-demographic-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#5
Javed Ahmad, Anil Kumar Gupta, V P Sharma, Dileep Kumar, Ganesh Yadav, Sanjai Singh
PURPOSE: To determine the demographic pattern, level, mechanism of traumatic amputation in children and adolescent age group and to compare findings with other studies. METHODS: Patients aged less than 18 years with traumatic amputation attending Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India between July 2013 and January 2016 were enrolled and their demographic characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients were included aged less than 18 years when injured...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935462/psychological-features-of-hypnotizability-a-first-step-towards-its-empirical-definition
#6
Enrico Facco, Ines Testoni, Lucia Ronconi, Edoardo Casiglia, Gastone Zanette, David Spiegel
This study examined the relationship between the Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP) and several psychological tests: Tellegen Absorption Scale (TAS), Spontaneity Assessment Inventory-Revised (SAI-R), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), Short-Form Boundary Questionnaire (SFBQ), Mini Locus of Control (MLOC), Testoni Death Representation Scale (TDRS), and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). Two hundred and forty volunteers were administered the above tests; 78 of them were also administered the HIP, and its scores were compared to those on the other tests...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935449/multiple-hook-fixation-in-revision-spinal-deformity-surgery-for-patients-with-a-previous-multilevel-fusion-mass-technical-note-and-preliminary-outcomes
#7
Ning Liu, Kirkham B Wood
OBJECTIVE A previous multilevel fusion mass encountered during revision spinal deformity surgery may obscure anatomical landmarks, making instrumentation unworkable or incurring substantial blood loss and operative time. This study introduced a surgical technique of multiple-hook fixation for fixating previous multilevel fusion masses in revision spinal deformity surgeries and then evaluated its outcomes. METHODS Patients with a previous multilevel fusion mass who underwent revision corrective surgery down to the lumbosacral junction were retrospectively studied...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934844/severe-unresolving-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-following-artemisinin-combination-therapy-emergence-of-drug-resistance-in-saudi-arabia
#8
I A Al-Zaydani, A Al-Hakami, A Kumar, S A Abdalla, M Otaif, Rma Thiqa, H Ahmed, K Alnahili
A 5-year-old female child presented with fever of 1-week duration after visiting a malaria endemic zone without antimalarial prophylaxis. The patient presented with respiratory distress, decreased level of consciousness and high-grade fever. An elevated parasitaemia reaching 800,000/μl was observed. Antimalarial therapy was initiated with artesunate being administered intravenous (IV) along with IV clindamycin. Contrary to the expectations, there was no resolution of fever. Following a week of unresolved fever, the drug therapy was revised and altered to IV quinine dihydrochloride and IV clindamycin...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934835/six-year-susceptibility-trends-and-effect-of-revised-clinical-laboratory-standards-institute-breakpoints-on-ciprofloxacin-susceptibility-reporting-in-typhoidal-salmonellae-in-a-tertiary-care-paediatric-hospital-in-northern-india
#9
R Saksena, C Nayyar, V Manchanda
The antimicrobial trends over 6 years were studied, and the effect of revised Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) breakpoints (2012) for ciprofloxacin susceptibility reporting in typhoidal Salmonellae was determined. A total of 874 (95.4%) isolates were nalidixic acid-resistant (NAR). Using the CLSI 2011 guidelines (M100-S21), 585 (66.9%) isolates were ciprofloxacin susceptible. The susceptibility reduced to 11 (1.25%) isolates when interpreted using 2012 guidelines (M100-S22). Among the forty nalidixic acid susceptible (NAS) Salmonellae, susceptibility to ciprofloxacin decreased from 37 isolates (M100-S21) to 12 isolates (M100-S22)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934550/healthcare-resource-allocation-decisions-affecting-uninsured-services
#10
Krista Lyn Harrison, Holly A Taylor
Purpose Using the example of community access programs (CAPs), the purpose of this paper is to describe resource allocation and policy decisions related to providing health services for the uninsured in the USA and the organizational values affecting these decisions. Design/methodology/approach The study used comparative case study methodology at two geographically diverse sites. Researchers collected data from program documents, meeting observations, and interviews with program stakeholders. Findings Five resource allocation or policy decisions relevant to providing healthcare services were described at each site across three categories: designing the health plan, reacting to funding changes, and revising policies...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933898/versiquinazolines-a-k-fumiquinazoline-type-alkaloids-from-the-gorgonian-derived-fungus-aspergillus-versicolor-lzd-14-1
#11
Zhongbin Cheng, Lanlan Lou, Dong Liu, Xiaodan Li, Peter Proksch, Sheng Yin, Wenhan Lin
Eleven fumiquinazoline-type alkaloids, namely, versiquinazolines A-K (1-11), along with cottoquinazolines B-D, were isolated from the gorgonian-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor LZD-14-1. Their structures were determined by extensive analyses of the spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS), in addition to the experimental and calculated ECD data and X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis for the assignments of the absolute configurations. Versiquinazolines A, B, and F (1, 2, and 6), bearing a methanediamine or an aminomethanol unit and representing a unique subtype of fumiquinazolines, were found from nature for the first time...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933896/total-synthesis-and-in-vitro-anti-tumor-promoting-activities-of-racemic-acetophenone-monomers-from-acronychia-trifoliolata
#12
Chihiro Morita, Yukiko Kobayashi, Yohei Saito, Katsunori Miyake, Harukuni Tokuda, Nobutaka Suzuki, Eiichiro Ichiishi, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Kyoko Nakagawa-Goto
Six acetophenone derivatives, acronyculatins I (1), J (2), K (3), L (4), N (5), and O (6), were recently isolated from Acronychia trifoliolata, and the structure of the known acronyculatin B (7) was revised. Because of the limited quantities of isolated products as well as their structure similarity, racemic acronyculatins I-L, N, O, and B (1-7) were synthesized to confirm their structures and to obtain sufficient material for biological evaluation. Trihydroxyacetophenone was converted to the target compounds by various sequences of hydroxy group protection, allylation or prenylation, and epoxidation followed by cyclization...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933610/resilience-mediates-impact-of-some-childhood-maltreatment-on-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-conscripted-marines-in-the-republic-of-korea
#13
Heejung Kim, Sun Ah Kim, Seongsook Kong
Although it is known that post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can result from military service, the variance in PTSS unexplained by military service warrants further investigation, and no researchers have investigated South Korean Marines' vulnerability during their 2-year conscripted service as the first line of national defense against threats from North Korea. This study was designed to examine whether resilience mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and PTSS in 169 Korean conscripts into the Marine Corps...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933475/how-safe-is-minimally-invasive-pedicle-screw-placement-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-spine-fractures
#14
Timo Michael Heintel, Stefan Dannigkeit, Annabel Fenwick, Martin Cornelius Jordan, Hendrik Jansen, Fabian Gilbert, Rainer Meffert
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive posterior instrumentation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of minimally invasive pedicle screw placement in patients with unstable thoracic and lumbar spine fractures using the conventional fluoroscopy technique. Although wound infection, haematoma, and new neurological deficit due to screw malplacement remain a common source of morbidity, estimates of their rates of occurrence remain relatively limited...
December 8, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933422/dual-mobility-cups-in-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Anthony Viste, Romain Desmarchelier, Michel-Henri Fessy
AIM: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the dislocation and aseptic loosening rates of a dual mobility construct in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Three hundred thirty-four revision THAs performed between 2006 and 2011, using a dual mobility cup, were included in this retrospective study. The indications for revision were aseptic loosening (70%), infection (21%) and recurrent instability (9%). The minimum follow-up was five years (mean 7 ± 2 years, maximum 10 years)...
December 8, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933389/high-volume-is-the-key-for-improving-in-hospital-outcomes-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-total-population-analysis-in-germany-from-2006-to-2013
#16
Christer Groeben, Rainer Koch, Martin Baunacke, Manfred P Wirth, Johannes Huber
PURPOSE: Outcomes of radical prostatectomy are prone to publication bias, because most of the data originated from highly specialized centers. We assessed in-hospital outcomes of all radical prostatectomies in Germany from 2006 to 2013 focusing on caseload volume, surgical approach, and certification status. METHODS: We analyzed the nationwide German hospital billing data covering 221,331 radical prostatectomies from 2006 to 2013. Outcomes were in-hospital mortality, surgical revision, and transfusion rates and the length of stay...
December 8, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933285/developmental-profile-and-diagnoses-in-children-presenting-with-motor-stereotypies
#17
Francesco Cardona, Francesca Valente, Daniela Miraglia, Caterina D'Ardia, Valentina Baglioni, Flavia Chiarotti
INTRODUCTION: Motor stereotypies represent a typical example of the difficulty in distinguishing non-clinical behaviors (physiological and transient) from symptoms or among different disorders ["primary stereotypies," associated with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disabilities, genetic syndromes, and sensory impairment]. The aim of this study was to obtain an accurate assessment on the relationship between stereotypies and neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: We studied 23 children (3 girls), aged 36-95 months, who requested a consultation due to the persistence or increased severity of motor stereotypies...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933179/associations-between-genetics-medical-status-physical-exercise-and-psychological-well-being-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#18
Lena Backström-Eriksson, Agneta Bergsten-Brucefors, Lena Hjelte, Bo Melin, Kimmo Sorjonen
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive, life-shortening disease among people of European origin. Type of genetic mutation and regular physical exercise has an impact on clinical outcome. This cross-sectional study explores the associations between genetics, medical status, physical exercise and psychological well-being in adult patients with CF. METHODS: Adult patients with CF (N=68; mean age: 32.2; range 18-67 years; 46% women) completed the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933152/ensuring-availability-of-in-date-and-fit-for-purpose-emergency-guidelines-in-all-anaesthetic-areas-throughout-the-south-east-scotland-deanery
#19
Elise Hindle
Our aim was to institute a system whereby emergency anaesthetic guidelines are available in >90% of appropriate clinical areas throughout each of the acute hospital sites in three health board administrative regions, and whereby >90% of available guidelines are deemed to be in date and fit for purpose. Our objective was to achieve these targets within 6 months. Using quality improvement methodology, we inventoried available emergency anaesthetic guidelines in 132 locations throughout seven acute care hospitals...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933021/dimensions-of-compulsive-exercise-across-eating-disorder-diagnostic-subtypes-and-the-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-compulsive-exercise-test
#20
Sarah Sauchelli, Jon Arcelus, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Zaida Agüera, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Objectives: Compulsive exercise in eating disorders has been traditionally considered as a behavior that serves the purpose of weight/shape control. More recently, it has been postulated that there may be other factors that drive the compulsive need to exercise. This has led to the development of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET); a self-reported questionnaire that aims to explore the cognitive-behavioral underpinnings of compulsive exercise from a multi-faceted perspective. The objectives of this study were threefold: (1) to validate the Spanish version of the CET; (2) to compare eating disorder diagnostic subtypes and a healthy control group in terms of the factors that drive compulsive exercise as defined by the CET; (3) to explore how the dimensions evaluated in the CET are associated with eating disorder symptoms and general psychopathology...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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