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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641297/factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-minnesota-nicotine-withdrawal-scale-and-the-minnesota-nicotine-withdrawal-scale-revised-italian-version
#1
Andrea Svicher, Agnese Beghè, Giacomo Mangiaracina, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We run Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale (MNWS) and of the MNWS-Revised (MNWS-R). Psychometric properties were also explored. METHODS: Adult Italian smokers, 366 in all, were assessed via the MNWS-R together with rating scales measuring cigarette dependence, alcohol use, anxiety sensitivity and negative affect at baseline and after 3 months. RESULTS: The MNWS showed good psychometric properties (α = 0...
June 23, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641194/use-of-a-long-distally-fixed-intramedullary-stem-to-treat-a-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-thrust-plate-hip-prosthesis-a-case-report
#2
Hiroyuki Hatanaka, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takeshi Utsunomiya, Takuaki Yamamoto, Yasuharu Nakashima
INTRODUCTION: The thrust plate hip prosthesis (TPP; Zimmer, Winterthur, Switzerland) is a hip prosthesis that is no longer in production. Few reports have focused on periprosthetic fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the use of a TPP. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a 57-year-old woman with a periprosthetic femoral fracture 13 years after THA with the use of a TPP. A plain radiograph showed a displaced subtrochanteric fracture of the right femur just below the distal tip of the lateral plate without implant loosening...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640958/recommendations-for-revision-of-chinese-diagnostic-criterion-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-nationwide-study
#3
Ying Xing, Shaoyong Xu, Aihua Jia, Jing Cai, Mingwei Zhao, Jianhua Guo, Qiuhe Ji, Jie Ming
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) criterion proposed by Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) may have limitations, because it requires an additional 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2 h-PPG) to diagnose hyperglycemia. We aimed to revise the CDS criterion by removing the 2 h-PPG test, and determining the optimal fasting plasma glucose (FPG) cutoff for diagnosis of hyperglycemia in the Chinese population. METHODS: We obtained the study population from 2007-2008 China Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640661/attrition-from-antiretroviral-treatment-services-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-patients-following-adoption-of-option-b-in-haiti
#4
Jean Wysler Domercant, Nancy Puttkammer, Paul Young, Krista Yuhas, Kesner François, Reynold Grand'Pierre, David Lowrance, Michelle Adler
BACKGROUND: Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has expanded in Haiti because of the adoption of Option B+ and the revision of treatment guidelines. Retention in care and treatment varies greatly and few studies have examined retention rates, particularly among women enrolled in Option B+. OBJECTIVE: To assess attrition among pregnant and non-pregnant patients initiating ART following adoption of Option B+ in Haiti. METHODS: Longitudinal data of adult patients initiated on ART from October 2012 through August 2014 at 73 health facilities across Haiti were analyzed using a survival analysis framework to determine levels of attrition...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640658/advancing-the-certified-in-public-health-examination-a-job-task-analysis
#5
Richard S Kurz, Christopher Yager, James D Yager, Allison Foster, Daniel H Breidenbach, Zachary Irwin
OBJECTIVES: In 2014, the National Board of Public Health Examiners performed a job task analysis (JTA) to revise the Certified in Public Health (CPH) examination. The objectives of this study were to describe the development, administration, and results of the JTA survey; to present an analysis of the survey results; and to review the implications of this first-ever public health JTA. METHODS: An advisory committee of public health professionals developed a list of 200 public health job tasks categorized into 10 work domains...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637340/an-analysis-of-the-use-of-multichannel-microelectrode-recording-during-deep-brain-stimulation-surgeries-at-a-single-center
#6
Steven Falowski, James Dierkes
BACKGROUND: Microelectrode recording (MER) can be used to map out the target nucleus and identify ideal lead placement. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of multichannel MER to increase the efficiency of lead placement without compromising patient safety. METHODS: Analysis of a single center's technique for utilizing multichannel MER with 3 consistent anterior-to-posterior simultaneous passes that include an evaluation of the location of final lead placement, patient diagnosis, target nuclei, and additional work involved for refinement of targeting...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637309/anterior-cervical-pseudarthrosis-treated-with-bilateral-posterior-cervical-cages
#7
William Smith, Mark Gillespy, Jason Huffman, Veasna Vong, Bruce M McCormack
BACKGROUND: Pseudarthrosis after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) causes persistent pain and related disability. Posterior revision surgery results in higher healing rates, but is more extensive compared to anterior surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate minimally disruptive, tissue sparing posterior fusion via bilateral placement of posterior cages between the facet joints as an alternative treatment option. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter, medical chart review was performed and included 25 patients with symptomatic pseudarthrosis after ACDF treated with posterior cervical cages, and in select cases, anterior revision...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637137/development-and-acceptability-testing-of-decision-trees-for-self-management-of-prosthetic-socket-fit-in-adults-with-lower-limb-amputation
#8
Daniel Joseph Lee, Diana A Veneri
PURPOSE: The most common complaint lower limb prosthesis users report is inadequacy of a proper socket fit. Adjustments to the residual limb-socket interface can be made by the prosthesis user without consultation of a clinician in many scenarios through skilled self-management. Decision trees guide prosthesis wearers through the self-management process, empowering them to rectify fit issues, or referring them to a clinician when necessary. This study examines the development and acceptability testing of patient-centered decision trees for lower limb prosthesis users...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#9
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636704/trends-in-nationwide-herpes-zoster-emergency-department-utilization-from-2006-to-2013
#10
Erica D Dommasch, Cara J Joyce, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: The effect of vaccination on emergency department (ED) utilization for herpes zoster (HZ) has not been examined to date. Objective: To determine trends in US ED utilization and costs associated with HZ. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data set was examined for temporal trends in the number of visits and costs for treatment of HZ in EDs in the United States from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636692/rethinking-the-current-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-tnm-staging-system-for-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#11
Mohamed Abdelgadir Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Terry Hyslop, Julie A Sosa
Importance: Controversy exists around the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system for medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Because of the rarity of the disease and limited available data, the staging system for MTC has been largely extrapolated from staging for differentiated thyroid cancer. Objectives: To evaluate how well the current (seventh and eighth editions) AJCC TNM staging system correlates with survival for patients with MTC and to suggest a possible revision...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636577/comorbidity-and-suicidality-in-patients-diagnosed-with-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-and-major-depression
#12
Borjanka Batinic, Goran Opacic, Tijana Ignjatov, David S Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of anxiety and depression (both current and lifetime) is associated with greater chronicity and an increased risk of suicidality. We wished to ascertain which symptom clusters had the strongest association with suicidality. Our aims were (1) to examine the presence of current comorbidity and suicidality in patients diagnosed with panic disorder/agoraphobia (PD/A) and major depression (MD), and their relationship with duration of psychiatric treatment and frequency of hospital admission; and (2) to examine which coexisting symptoms were most strongly predictive of suicidality in sub-groups and the overall group...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636573/prescribing-patterns-for-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-slovenia-results-of-16-month-prospective-non-interventional-clinical-research
#13
Cvetka Bačar Bole, Mitja Pišlar, Aleš Mrhar, Rok Tavčar
BACKGROUND: In Slovenia, there has been no evidence about the prescribing patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorders. The research aims to analyze drug utilization patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorder that are coded as F20-F29 according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10(th) revision (schizophrenia spectrum disorders). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective research was conducted at the Psychiatric Hospital Idrija. The medical records of the inpatients admitted over a 12-month period were collected from the beginning to the end of their hospitalization...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636468/do-ligamentum-teres-tears-portend-inferior-outcomes-in-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-undergoing-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-a-match-controlled-study-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#14
Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Itay Perets, Lyall Ashberg, Brian Mu, Christopher Lenkeit, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery in borderline dysplastic hips remains controversial, but the role of the ligamentum teres (LT) has not been studied in this setting. HYPOTHESIS: Borderline dysplastic patients with LT tears have worse short-term outcomes than those without LT tears. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery between February 2008 and April 2014...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636453/testing-the-efficacy-of-existing-force-endurance-models-to-account-for-the-prevalence-of-obesity-in-the-workforce
#15
Mojdeh Pajoutan, Lora A Cavuoto, Ranjana K Mehta
This study evaluated whether the existing force-endurance relationship models are predictive of endurance time for overweight and obese individuals, and if not, provide revised models that can be applied for ergonomics practice. Data was collected from 141 participants (49 normal weight, 50 overweight, 42 obese) who each performed isometric endurance tasks of hand grip, shoulder flexion, and trunk extension at four levels of relative workload. Subject-specific fatigue rates and a general model of the force-endurance relationship were determined and compared to two fatigue models from the literature...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#16
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636072/using-chief-complaint-in-addition-to-diagnosis-codes-to-identify-falls-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Brian W Patterson, Maureen A Smith, Michael D Repplinger, Michael S Pulia, James E Svenson, Michael K Kim, Manish N Shah
OBJECTIVES: To compare incidence of falls in an emergency department (ED) cohort using a traditional International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code-based scheme and an expanded definition that included chief complaint information and to examine the clinical characteristics of visits "missed" in the ICD-9-based scheme. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic record review. SETTING: Academic medical center ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older seen in the ED between January 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636056/comparison-of-complications-following-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-and-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-in-very-large-and-giant-dogs-50-kg-or-more-in-body-weight
#18
Eric C Hans, Matthew D Barnhart, Shawn C Kennedy, Steven J Naber
OBJECTIVES: To analyse and compare major complications in dogs ≥50 kg undergoing tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) or tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament disease. METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of client-owned dogs (≥50 kg) treated for cranial cruciate ligament disease with either TTA or TPLO between January 2011 and November 2015 were reviewed. Ninety-one TTA cases and 54 TPLO cases met the study inclusion criteria...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635975/our-responsibility-to-our-research-participants
#19
Anne Katz
As the readers of this journal know all too well, conducting a study takes a lot of time, energy, commitment, and, most of all, work. I do not have to list the myriad steps that need to be taken, often with delays in between, to take a study from good idea to analysis. There are often sweat and tears, if not blood, and, at the end of the process, there may be exhaustion. Then the piles of paper and data-rich files languish on a desk or computer, never to see the light of day. Or, perhaps, a manuscript is written and submitted and then rejected or needs extensive revision...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635676/comment-on-melanisation-of-aspergillus-terreus-is-butyrolactone-i-involved-in-the-regulation-of-both-dopa-and-dhn-types-of-pigments-in-submerged-culture-microorganisms-2017-5-22
#20
Elena Geib, Matthias Brock
A recent article by Palonen et al. describes the effect of butyrolactone I on the expression of a secondary metabolite biosynthesis gene cluster from Aspergillus terreus that shows similarities to fusarubin biosynthesis gene clusters from Fusarium species. The authors claim that two different types of pigments are formed in Aspergillus terreus conidia, whereby one pigment is termed a DOPA-type melanin and the second a DHN-type melanin. Unfortunately, the terminology of the classification of melanin-types requires revision as Asp-melanin present in A...
June 21, 2017: Microorganisms
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