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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161523/does-acute-propranolol-treatment-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-in-children-with-burns
#1
Laura Rosenberg, Marta Rosenberg, Sherri Sharp, Christopher R Thomas, Helen F Humphries, Charles E Holzer, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether acute propranolol treatment prevented posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression in children hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit for large burns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of PTSD, anxiety, and depression would be significantly less in the propranolol than nonpropranolol groups. METHODS: Children who had previously participated in a randomized controlled clinical trial of acute propranolol and nonpropranolol controls were invited to participate in long-term follow-up interviews...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161350/embedded-performance-validity-tests-in-the-hopkins-verbal-learning-test-revised-and-the-brief-visuospatial-memory-test-revised-a-replication-study
#2
K Chase Bailey, Jason R Soble, Kathleen M Bain, Chrystal Fullen
Objective: Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) within the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) were recently identified. This study aimed to further validate/replicate these embedded PVTs. Method: Eighty clinically referred veterans who underwent neuropsychological evaluation were included. Validity groups were established by passing/failing 2-3 well-validated PVTs, with 75% (n = 60) classified as valid and 25% (n = 20) noncredible...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161115/hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-with-capsular-management-factors-associated-with-achieving-clinically-significant-outcomes
#3
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Alexander E Weber, Benjamin D Kuhns, Jennifer Alter, Joshua D Harris, Richard C Mather, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in defining clinically meaningful outcomes in patient reported outcomes following orthopaedic surgery. Little is known about the factors associated with clinically meaningful outcomes after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. PURPOSE: To report on a large, prospectively collected consecutive series of patients who underwent comprehensive arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and capsular management with greater than 2-year follow-up...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161060/beyond-nazi-war-crimes-experiments-the-voluntary-consent-requirement-of-the-nuremberg-code-at-70
#4
George J Annas
The year 2017 marks both the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Code and the first major revisions of federal research regulations in almost 3 decades. I suggest that the informed consent provisions of the federal research regulations continue to follow the requirements of the Nuremberg Code. However, modifications are needed to the informed consent (and institutional review board) provisions to make the revised federal regulations more effective in promoting a genuine conversation between the researcher and the research subject...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160978/cannulation-technique-and-arteriovenous-fistula-survival-in-older-adult-patients-on-hemodialysis
#5
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Bratislav D Lazic, Bozidar Odalovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
Cannulation technique has the potential to impact arteriovenous fistula (AVF) function. The aim of this research was to determine the impact of cannulation technique on the length of the functioning AVFs in older adult patients on hemodialysis. The study included 110 participants with fistula thrombosis who had used area technique or rope ladder technique. Biochemical parameters, gender, demographic, and clinical variables were determined. Patients who used the area cannulation technique differed significantly from patients using the rope ladder technique with regard to duration of hemodialysis (p < 0...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160761/fronto-parietal-coherence-response-to-tdcs-modulation-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#6
Yang Bai, Xiaoyu Xia, Yong Wang, Yongkun Guo, Yi Yang, Jianghong He, Xiaoli Li
A transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) protocol (2 min, 2 mA, anodal electrode at the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and cathodal electrode at the right supraorbital area) was applied in patients with different degrees of disorders of consciousness (DoC). Although previous research indicates that it could improve patients' coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) scores, the brain's electrophysiological responses to tDCS are still unclear. Therefore, the present study was performed to explore the underlying brain responses of patients in a minimally conscious state (MCS) and a Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (UWS) to tDCS modulation...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160727/a-review-of-perioperative-complications-of-outpatient-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#7
Todd R Borenstein, Kapil Anand, Quanlin Li, Timothy P Charlton, David B Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is commonly pursued for patients with painful arthritis. Outpatient TAA are increasingly common and have been shown to decrease costs compared to inpatient surgery. However, there are very few studies examining the safety of outpatient TAA. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed 65 consecutive patients who received outpatient TAA to identify complication rates. METHODS: The medical records of 65 consecutive outpatient TAA from October 2012 to May 2016 with a minimum 6-month follow-up were reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160603/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-difficulties-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-chronic-pain
#8
K S Baker, S J Gibson, N Georgiou-Karistianis, M J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Persons with chronic pain often report problems with cognitive abilities, such as memory or attention. There is limited understanding of whether objective performance is consistent with subjective reports, and how psychological factors contribute. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a group of patients expressing cognitive concerns, and evaluate the utility of self-report tools for pain management settings. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain (n = 41) completed standardized neuropsychological tests, and self-report measures of cognitive functioning, pain, mood and sleep, as part of a broader study investigating cognitive performance in pain...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160557/the-complex-trauma-inventory-a-self-report-measure-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Justin M Litvin, Patricia L Kaminski, Shelley A Riggs
The work group revising the criteria for trauma-related disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) made several changes. Specifically, they simplified the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and added a new trauma disorder called complex PTSD (CPTSD). These proposed changes to taxonomy require new instruments to assess these novel constructs. We developed a measure of PTSD and CPTSD (the Complex Trauma Inventory; CTI) according to the proposed domains, creating several items to assess each domain...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160488/profile-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-family-health-units
#10
Ricardo de Mattos Russo Rafael, Anna Tereza Miranda Soares de Moura, Jeane Marques Cunha Tavares, Renata Evelin Moreno Ferreira, Glauce Gomes da Silva Camilo, Mercedes Neto
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the profile of intimate partner violence involving women in a scenario of Family Health Strategy in the municipality of Nova Iguaçu (Rio de Janeiro). METHOD: A transversal study was conducted in four units with a sample of 640 women between the ages of 25 to 64. The phenomena of violence was determined using the tool Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, validated for Brazil. Statistical analysis took into consideration an estimation of prevalence in the calculation of the p values...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160333/effect-of-education-on-listening-comprehension-of-sentences-on-healthy-elderly-analysis-of-number-of-correct-responses-and-task-execution-time
#11
Marcela Lima Silagi, Camila Maia Rabelo, Eliane Schochat, Letícia Lessa Mansur
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of education on sentence listening comprehension on cognitively healthy elderly. METHODS: A total of 111 healthy elderly, aged 60-80 years of both genders were divided into two groups according to educational level: low education (0-8 years of formal education) and high education (≥9 years of formal education). The participants were assessed using the Revised Token Test, an instrument that supports the evaluation of auditory comprehension of orders with different working memory and syntactic complexity demands...
November 13, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160130/the-effect-of-bearing-type-on-the-outcome-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Rinne M Peters, Liza N Van Steenbergen, Martin Stevens, Paul C Rijk, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Wierd P Zijlstra
Background and purpose - Alternative bearing surfaces such as ceramics and highly crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) were developed in order to further improve implant performance of total hip arthroplasties (THAs). Whether these alternative bearing surfaces result in increased longevity is subject to debate. Patients and methods - Using the Dutch Arthroplasty Register (LROI), we identified all patients with a primary, non-metal-on-metal THA implanted in the Netherlands in the period 2007-2016 (n = 209,912). Cumulative incidence of revision was calculated to determine differences in survivorship of THAs according to bearing type: metal-on-polyethylene (MoPE), metal-on-HXLPE (MoHXLPE), ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoPE), ceramic-on-HXLPE (CoHXLPE), ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC), and oxidized-zirconium-on-(HXL)polyethylene (Ox(HXL)PE)...
November 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160123/fast-tracking-for-total-knee-replacement-reduces-use-of-institutional-care-without-compromising-quality
#13
Konsta J Pamilo, Paulus Torkki, Mikko Peltola, Maija Pesola, Ville Remes, Juha Paloneva
Background and purpose - Fast-tracking shortens the length of the primary treatment period (length of stay, LOS) after total knee replacement (TKR). We evaluated the influence of the fast-track concept on the length of uninterrupted institutional care (LUIC) and other outcomes after TKR. Patients and methods - 4,256 TKRs performed in 4 hospitals between 2009-2010 and 2012-2013 were identified from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and the Finnish Arthroplasty Register. Hospitals were classified as fast track (Hospital A) and non-fast track (Hospitals B, C and D)...
November 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160115/linking-participatory-action-research-on-health-systems-to-justice-in-global-health-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-neonatal-implementation-for-equitable-health-systems-project-in-rural-uganda
#14
Bridget Pratt, Adnan A Hyder
An ethical framework called "research for health justice" provides initial guidance on how to link health systems research in low- and middle-income countries to health equity. To further develop the largely conceptual framework, we tested its guidance against the experience of the Maternal and Neonatal Implementation for Equitable Health Systems (Manifest) project, which was performed in rural Uganda by researchers from Makerere University. We conducted 21 in-depth interviews with investigators and research implementers, directly observed study sites, and reviewed study-related documents...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159751/septal-and-turbinate-surgery-is-overnight-essential
#15
Ana Sousa Menezes, Joana R Guimarães, Miguel Breda, Vicente Vieira, Luís Dias
INTRODUCTION: The performance of septoplasty and turbinate surgery in an outpatient basis is an increasingly established practice, although is still a controversial topic. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 227 patients who underwent septoplasty ± inferior and/or middle turbinoplasty. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and anesthetic data were collected. Our primary outcomes were rates of perioperative complications, prolongation of hospital stay (PHS), unexpected hospital revisits (UHR), or readmissions within 30 days of surgery...
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159551/long-term-over-10%C3%A2-years-retrospective-follow-up-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#16
Dvir Froylich, Tamar Abramovich-Segal, Guy Pascal, Ivy Haskins, Boaz Appel, Naama Kafry, David Hazzan
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) placements have progressively decreased in recent years. This is related to poor long-term weight loss outcomes and necessity for revision or removal of these bands. Long-term outcome results following LAGB are limited. The aim of our study was to determine the long-term outcome after LAGB at our institution. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine the long-term outcome after LAGB at our institution...
October 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159427/shunt-revision-rates-in-myelomeningocele-patients-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-retrospective-study-of-52-patients
#17
Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Nesrin Akkoyun Kayran, Nursu Kara, Huseyin Canaz
PURPOSE: Shunt placement indications are stringent and require confirmation of clinical and radiological evidence of hydrocephalus (HC). The aim of this study was to determine the rate of shunting and discuss the outcome in the first year of life in patients with myelomeningocele (MMC) on the basis of review of the literature. METHODS: All patients who underwent postnatal repair of MMC at our institution between March 2014 and March 2015 were evaluated. Patients were only included if they underwent both MMC repair and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion at our institution and were followed up for at least 12 months...
November 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159190/divergent-neural-responses-to-narrative-speech-in-disorders-of-consciousness
#18
Ivan Iotzov, Brian C Fidali, Agustin Petroni, Mary M Conte, Nicholas D Schiff, Lucas C Parra
Objective: Clinical assessment of auditory attention in patients with disorders of consciousness is often limited by motor impairment. Here, we employ intersubject correlations among electroencephalography responses to naturalistic speech in order to assay auditory attention among patients and healthy controls. Methods: Electroencephalographic data were recorded from 20 subjects with disorders of consciousness and 14 healthy controls during of two narrative audio stimuli, presented both forwards and time-reversed...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159184/acute-asthma-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-infections-are-the-main-triggers-of-exacerbations
#19
Arianna Dondi, Elisabetta Calamelli, Valentina Piccinno, Giampaolo Ricci, Ilaria Corsini, Carlotta Biagi, Marcello Lanari
Background: Asthma exacerbations are a common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits in children. Aim: To analyze differences among age groups in terms of triggering factors and seasonality and to identify those with higher risk of severe exacerbations. Methods: We retrospectively revised the files of children admitted for acute asthma in 2016 in our Pediatric ED. Results: Visits for acute asthma were 603/23197 (2...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158938/orthodeoxia-without-platypnea-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-in-the-presence-of-a-cerebral-abscess-and-multiple-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-unusual-complications-and-transcatheter-endovascular-treatment
#20
Carlos Salazar, Jacky Bruce Blank, Veronica Palmero
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a rare autosomal-dominant condition affecting visceral blood vessel development. Cerebral and most commonly pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are found in the majority of symptomatic patients. The most common complications include embolic strokes and cerebral abscesses, which have been attributed to abnormal vessel communications. Platypnea orthodeoxia is a rare condition that presents dyspnea and oxygen desaturation when adopting an upright position and is relieved on decubitus...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
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