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Endoscopic interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424984/management-of-ingested-hijab-pin
#1
Evyatar Hubara, Galina Ling, Vered Pinsk, Yotam Lior, Sharon Daniel, Shalev Zuckerman, Baruch Yerushalmi
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Accidental swallowing of hijab (or turban) pin was reported mainly among adolescent girls. Current guidelines indicate emergent intervention endoscopy in case a long sharp object is found in the gastrointestinal tract. The aims of the current study are to present the results of an observational approach and to assess the need for intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all 5-18-year-old patients who presented with hijab-pin ingestion between 2003 and 2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424912/rescue-eus-guided-intrahepatic-biliary-drainage-for-malignant-hilar-biliary-stricture-after-failed-transpapillary-re-intervention
#2
Kosuke Minaga, Mamoru Takenaka, Masayuki Kitano, Yasutaka Chiba, Hajime Imai, Kentaro Yamao, Ken Kamata, Takeshi Miyata, Shunsuke Omoto, Toshiharu Sakurai, Tomohiro Watanabe, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND: Treatment of unresectable malignant hilar biliary stricture (UMHBS) is challenging, especially after failure of repeated transpapillary endoscopic stenting. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided intrahepatic biliary drainage (EUS-IBD) is a recent technique for intrahepatic biliary decompression, but indications for its use for complex hilar strictures have not been well studied. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of EUS-IBD for UMHBS after failed transpapillary re-intervention...
April 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424872/percutaneous-endoscopic-sigmoidopexy-using-t-fasteners-for-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#3
Kevin Tin, Zain A Sobani, Nnaemeka Anyadike, Anna Serur, Ira Mayer, Kadirawel Iswara, Yuriy Tsirlin
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction after colonic neoplasms and diverticular disease. SV has traditionally been managed via endoscopic detorsion and decompression followed by non-emergent surgical resection owing to the high risk of recurrence. Most cases of SV occur in elderly debilitated patients with multiple comorbidities and may not be candidates for surgical resection. Endoscopic sigmoidopexy has been described as an alternative to surgical resection...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412038/surgical-treatment-of-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis-a-retrospective-22-patient-series-from-a-single-center
#4
Ahmet Ulusan, Maruf Sanli, Ahmet Feridun Isik, İlknur Aytekin Celik, Bulent Tuncozgur, Levent Elbeyli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to present cases of postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS), all due to long-term intubation and treated surgically in a university hospital, and to discuss them in light of the literature. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients who were treated with tracheal resection and reconstruction due to PITS were included. Demographics, intubation characteristics, localization of stenosis, surgical technique and material, postoperative complications, and survival of patients were recorded...
April 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409365/troubleshooting-common-endoscopic-malfunctions-a-study-integrating-a-preoperative-checklist-and-troubleshooting-guide-into-surgical-resident-training
#5
Jenny Lam, Kevin Grimes, Adnan Mohsin, Shawn Tsuda
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the utility of a checklist in troubleshooting endoscopic equipment. Prior studies have demonstrated that performance in simulated tasks translates into completion of similar tasks in the operating room. Checklists have been shown to decrease error and improve patient safety. There is currently limited experience with the use of simulation and checklists to improve troubleshooting of endoscopic equipment. We propose the use of a checklist during a simulated colonoscopy to improve performance during endoscopic troubleshooting...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408997/endoscopic-balloon-dilatation-of-crohn-s-associated-intestinal-strictures-high-patient-satisfaction-and-long-term-efficacy
#6
Anna Rueda Guzmán, Jan Wehkamp, Andreas Kirschniak, Aline Naumann, Nisar P Malek, Martin Goetz
INTRODUCTION: Stricture formation is a common long-term complication of Crohn's disease. Endoscopic balloon dilatation offers a bowel-sparing treatment option, but long-term outcome and its association with patient-, stricture-, and procedure-related factors is only poorly understood. Patient satisfaction with endoscopic balloon dilatation is largely unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all endoscopic balloon dilatation for Crohn's disease-related strictures between January 2005 and January 2013...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408994/endoscopic-management-of-patients-with-post-surgical-leaks-involving-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-large-case-series
#7
Raffaele Manta, Angelo Caruso, Carlo Cellini, Mariano Sica, Angelo Zullo, Vincenzo Giorgio Mirante, Helga Bertani, Marzio Frazzoni, Massimiliano Mutignani, Giuseppe Galloro, Rita Conigliaro
BACKGROUND: Post-surgical anastomotic leaks often require a re-intervention, are associated with a definite morbidity and mortality, and with relevant costs. We described a large series of patients with different post-surgical leaks involving the gastrointestinal tract managed with endoscopy as initial approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected cases with anastomotic leaks managed with different endoscopic approaches (with surgical or radiological drainage when needed) in two endoscopic centres during 5 years...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399376/evaluation-of-appropriate-mediastinal-staging-among-ebus-bronchoscopists
#8
Russell J Miller, Lakshmi Mudambi, Macarena R Vial, Mike Hernandez, George A Eapen
RATIONALE: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) has transformed mediastinal staging in lung cancer. A systematic approach, beginning with lymph nodes contralateral to the primary tumor (N3), is considered superior to selective sampling of radiographically abnormal nodes. However, the extent to which this recommendation is followed in practice remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency in which pulmonologists, pulmonary fellows, and interventional pulmonologists endoscopically stage lung cancer appropriately...
April 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396724/complementary-roles-of-interventional-radiology-and-therapeutic-endoscopy-in-gastroenterology
#9
REVIEW
David M Ray, Indu Srinivasan, Shou-Jiang Tang, Andreas S Vilmann, Peter Vilmann, Timothy C McCowan, Akash M Patel
Acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding, enteral feeding, cecostomy tubes and luminal strictures are some of the common reasons for gastroenterology service. While surgery was initially considered the main treatment modality, the advent of both therapeutic endoscopy and interventional radiology have resulted in the paradigm shift in the management of these conditions. In this paper, we discuss the patient's work up, indications, and complementary roles of endoscopic and angiographic management in the settings of gastrointestinal bleeding, enteral feeding, cecostomy tube placement and luminal strictures...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395494/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-with-internal-carotid-artery-trauma
#10
Q J Fan, L Y Ni, X J Liu, Y Zeng, L F Jiang, B Zheng
Objective: To summarize our experience in the diagnosis of internal carotid artery trauma in patients with traumatic optic neuropathy, and to make recommendations for the treatment. Methods: The clinic data of 6 cases who had traumatic optic neuropathy with internal carotid artery trauma and who were admited in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from Jan. 2013 to Dec. 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: All 6 cases were monocular blindness...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393437/what-is-the-clinical-significance-of-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-evaluation-of-60-patients-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#11
F C Okeke, S Raja, K L Lynch, S Dhalla, M Nandwani, E M Stein, B Chander Roland, M A Khashab, P Saxena, V Kumbhari, N K Ahuja, J O Clarke
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric junction (EGJ) outflow obstruction (EGJOO) is characterized by impaired EGJ relaxation with intact or weak peristalsis. Our aims were to evaluate: (i) prevalence, (ii) yield of fluoroscopy, endoscopy, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), (iii) outcomes, and (iv) whether this data differed based on quantitative EGJ relaxation. METHODS: Studies that met criteria for EGJOO were identified. Demographics, encounters, endoscopy, radiology, treatment decisions, and outcomes were extracted...
April 9, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393105/patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-require-more-sedation-during-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiography
#12
Carsten Keil, Lukas Aguirre Dávila, Theodor Framke, Henrike Lenzen, Michael P Manns, Tim O Lankisch, Torsten Voigtländer
Background and study aims Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) require repeated endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). Our aim was to evaluate whether patients with PSC require higher doses of sedation during ERC. Patients and methods We retrospectively analyzed all patients undergoing ERC from 2006 to 2013 who received conscious sedation with propofol and midazolam. The duration of the intervention and a potential progression of propofol consumption or intervention time by visit number were analyzed...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391673/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-vascular-therapy-the-present-and-the-future
#13
REVIEW
Philip S J Hall, Christopher Teshima, Gary R May, Jeffrey D Mosko
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) offers access to many intra-abdominal vessels that until now have only been accessible to the surgeon and interventional radiologist. In addition to assisting with diagnostics, this unique access offers the potential for therapeutic intervention for a host of indications. To date, this has had the most clinical impact in the treatment of gastroesophageal varices, with EUS-guided coil and glue application growing in use worldwide. Although randomised controlled trial data is lacking, we discuss the growing body of literature behind EUS-guided therapy in the management of varices...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391672/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-pancreatic-duct-intervention
#14
REVIEW
Yuto Shimamura, Jeffrey Mosko, Christopher Teshima, Gary R May
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct intervention (EUS-PDI) is an emerging endoscopic approach allowing access and intervention to the pancreatic duct (PD) for patients with failed endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) or patients with surgically altered anatomy. As opposed to biliary drainage for which percutaneous drainage is an alternative following failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the treatment options after failed ERP are very limited. Therefore, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided access to the PD and options for subsequent drainage may play an important role as an alternative to surgical intervention...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391671/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-management-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections-update-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Ali Alali, Jeffrey Mosko, Gary May, Christopher Teshima
Severe acute pancreatitis is often complicated by the development of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs), which may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is crucial to accurately classify these collections as a pseudocyst or walled-off necrosis (WON) given significant differences in outcomes and management. Interventions for PFCs have increasingly shifted to less invasive strategies, with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided methods being shown to be safer and equally effective as more invasive surgical techniques...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391670/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-access-with-focus-on-technique-and-practical-tips
#16
REVIEW
Woo Hyun Paik, Do Hyun Park
In 1980, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was introduced as a diagnostic tool for evaluation of the pancreas. Since the introduction of curvilinear-array echoendoscopy, EUS has been used for a variety of gastrointestinal interventions, including fine needle aspiration, tumor ablation, and pancreatobiliary access. One of the main therapeutic roles of EUS is biliary drainage as an alternative to endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). This article summarizes three different methods of EUS-guided biliary access, with focus on technique and practical tips...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391669/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-direct-intervention-for-solid-pancreatic-tumors
#17
REVIEW
Jimin Han, Kenneth J Chang
Development and use of linear-array echoendoscope and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) have made endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) more of an interventional procedure than a purely diagnostic procedure. This is a literature review of previously published clinical studies on EUS-guided direct intervention for solid pancreatic tumors, including EUS-guided fine needle injection (EUS-FNI) of antitumor agents, EUS-guided fiducial marker placement, EUS-guided brachytherapy and EUS-guided tumor ablation...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389876/augmented-reality-in-intraventricular-neuroendoscopy
#18
T Finger, A Schaumann, M Schulz, Ulrich-W Thomale
BACKGROUND: Individual planning of the entry point and the use of navigation has become more relevant in intraventricular neuroendoscopy. Navigated neuroendoscopic solutions are continuously improving. OBJECTIVE: We describe experimentally measured accuracy and our first experience with augmented reality-enhanced navigated neuroendoscopy for intraventricular pathologies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Augmented reality-enhanced navigated endoscopy was tested for accuracy in an experimental setting...
April 7, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388553/therapeutic-evaluation-of-arterio-portal-fistula-related-gastroesophageal-variceal-bleeding
#19
Xiaoquan Huang, Wen Zhang, Shiyao Chen, Chengfeng Liu, Ruofan Sheng, Feng Li, Jian Wang, Jianjun Luo, Pengju Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic arterio-portal fistula is an uncommon etiology of portal hypertension, which presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and outcomes of gastroesophageal variceal bleeding caused by arterio-portal fistula using different therapeutic approaches. METHODS: Medical records of 451 consecutive patients with arterio-portal fistula were reviewed from January 1, 2009, to July 15, 2016, and patients suffered variceal bleeding were eligible for the study...
March 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386323/therapeutic-effects-of-human-amnion-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-and-conditioned-medium-enema-in-rats-with-trinitrobenzene-sulfonic-acid-induced-colitis
#20
Shuichi Miyamoto, Shunsuke Ohnishi, Reizo Onishi, Ikuki Tsuchiya, Hidetaka Hosono, Takehiko Katsurada, Kenichi Yamahara, Hiroshi Takeda, Naoya Sakamoto
Cell therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is expected to provide a new strategy for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Large amounts of MSCs can be obtained from human amnion. Therefore, we investigated the effect of transplantation of human amnion-derived MSCs (hAMSCs) or enema of conditioned medium (CM) from hAMSCs into rats with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. In the first experiment, 10-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were intravenously injected with hAMSCs (1 × 10(6) cells) 3 h after rectal administration of TNBS (45 mg/kg)...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
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