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Endoscopic interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922579/evaluating-real-time-effects-of-topical-1-1000-epinephrine-in-endoscopic-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-on-hemodynamic-parameters-through-intraoperative-arterial-line-monitoring
#1
Michael T Yim, Omar G Ahmed, Masayoshi Takashima
BACKGROUND: Administration of topical 1:1000 epinephrine is commonly used in practice to achieve vasoconstriction during endoscopic sinus surgery and skull-base surgery; however, real-time effects on cardiovascular changes from systemic absorption have not been well studied. METHODS: Twenty-six patients undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary lesion at a single institution were included into the study. Following arterial line placement by anesthesiology, 6 cottonoid pledgets soaked in 1:1000 epinephrine were placed into the bilateral nasal passages...
September 18, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919622/incidence-of-diabetes-insipidus-in-postoperative-period-among-the-patients-undergoing-pituitary-tumour-surgery
#2
M L Kadir, M T Islam, M M Hossain, S Sultana, R Nasrin, M M Hossain
Post operative complications after pituitary tumour surgery vary according to procedure. There are several surgical procedures being done such as transcranial, transsphenoidal microsurgical and transsphenoidal endoscopic approaches. One of the commonest complications is diabetes insipidus (DI). Our main objective was to find out the incidence of diabetes insipidus in post operative period among patients undergoing surgical intervention for pituitary tumour in our institute. The presence of diabetes insipidus in the postoperative period was established by measuring serum Na+ concentration, hourly urine output and urinary specific gravity to find out the incidence of diabetes insipidus in postoperative period in relation to age, gender, tumour diameter, function of tumour (i...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919600/modified-blatchford-score-for-risk-stratification-in-adult-patient-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-and-their-short-term-hospital-outcome
#3
M S Islam, M Z Uddin, M S Ali, M N Islam, M H Rahman, I H Robi, M M Haque, M W Rahman, M A Uddin, F Ahamed, M S Malek, M A Kabir, M S Rahman, A U Khan, F A Doel
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918812/endoscopic-ultrasound-becomes-a-major-interventional-tool
#4
EDITORIAL
Charles J Lightdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918811/future-directions-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-where-are-we-heading
#5
REVIEW
Sahin Coban, Omer Basar, William R Brugge
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) plays an important role as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in gastroenterology. New developments have emerged, especially in the last decade, and are being introduced to endoscopists. The ability to readily visualize and access organs in the gastrointestinal tract has allowed endoscopists to perform new interventional procedures. EUS procedures have taken the place of conventional approaches for the treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases, including pancreatic cystic lesions...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#6
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918808/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-drainage-of-pelvic-fluid-collections
#7
REVIEW
SriHari Mahadev, David S Lee
Pelvic fluid collections can be challenging and often inaccessible because of their location and close proximity to adjacent organs and spine. This causes an increased risk for morbidity and poor outcomes. Recent advances in endoscopic ultrasound and therapeutic devices provide an effective, safe, and minimally invasive option to surgery or interventional radiology. These devices offer a relatively pain-free method that has shown good outcomes with minimal risk in recent case series, and has increasingly become the first-line treatment of choice...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918807/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-drainage-of-pancreatic-collections-including-the-role-of-necrosectomy
#8
REVIEW
Ryan Law, Todd H Baron
In recent years, the management of symptoms of pancreatic fluid collections has shifted from surgical and percutaneous interventions to endoscopic techniques. Available data show that endoscopic drainage can be achieved with minimal morbidity and procedural-related mortality, a high degree of technical and clinical success, and acceptable risk of adverse events. Although endoscopic management of walled-off necrosis provides a durable, minimally invasive treatment option, it is still generally performed only in tertiary care medical centers because of the overall complexity of this clinical scenario...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918805/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-techniques-for-accessing-and-draining-the-biliary-system-and-the-pancreatic-duct
#9
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbaş, Alberto Larghi
When endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) fails to decompress the biliary system or the pancreatic duct, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided biliary or pancreatic access and drainage can be used. Data show a high success rate and acceptable adverse event rate for EUS-guided biliary drainage. The outcomes of EUS-guided biliary drainage seem equivalent to percutaneous drainage and ERCP, whereas only retrospective studies are available for pancreatic duct drainage. In this article, revision of the technical and clinical status and the current evidence of interventional EUS-guided biliary and pancreatic duct access and drainage are presented...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918797/the-early-history-of-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound
#10
REVIEW
Frank G Gress
Technological advances in the field of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) have emerged, especially in the past decade, that have rapidly expanded the therapeutic potential of EUS, largely through the innovations of accessory technology that could not have happened without innovative changes to echoendoscopes. As interventional EUS continues to evolve, further expansion into previously uncharted areas will most certainly happen.
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916962/effects-of-cholecystectomy-on-recurrent-biliary-complications-after-endoscopic-treatment-of-common-bile-duct-stone-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Chi-Tung Cheng, Chun-Nan Yeh, Kun-Chun Chiang, Ta-Sen Yeh, Kuan-Fu Chen, Shao-Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of cholecystectomy on mitigating recurrent biliary complications following endoscopic treatment of common bile duct stone. METHODS: We used the data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a population-based cohort study. Among 925 patients who received endoscopic treatment for choledocholithiasis at the first admission from 2005 to 2012, 422 received subsequent cholecystectomy and 503 had gallbladder (GB) left in situ...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914833/-endoscopic-interventions-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-the-effect-of-comorbidities
#12
F S Kurbanov, Z B Khalilov, R Kh Azimov, A Yu Kalinichenko, M A Chinnikov, I S Panteleeva
AIM: To evaluate endoscopic technologies in treatment of patients with colorectal cancer and severe comorbidities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups of patients after endoscopic (group 1, n = 58) and open (group 2, n = 40) surgery were assessed. RESULTS: Comorbidities were observed in 90.7% patients in group 1 and 83.3% patients in group 2 (p > 0.05). Mean comorbidity index was 6.9±0.3 (2-14) and 7.1±0.7 (2-18) in both groups respectively...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912915/gastrointestinal-bleeding-successfully-treated-using-interventional-radiology
#13
Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Masakazu Emori, Makoto Yoshitani, Junichi Soneda, Masanori Takada, Yusuke Nomura
Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is an emergency medical condition that leads to hemorrhagic shock or circulatory instability if left untreated. A mainstay for treating GI bleeding is endoscopic therapy; more than 90% of GI bleeding can be staunched by endoscopic hemostasis. However, patients with unstable hemodynamics or GI bleeding that cannot be controlled by endoscopy require transcatheter embolization or surgical intervention. The development of several devices and embolization agents that are used in interventional radiology (IVR) leads to safe and accessible treatment via IVR...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910689/numerical-simulation-of-endoscopic-magnetoacoustic-tomography-with-magnetic-induction
#14
Sun Zheng, Ma Zhen
Endoscopic magnetoacoustic tomography with magnetic induction (EMAT-MI) provides an interventional tool to detect the electrical conductivity distribution of a tubular structure with high spatial resolution. In this work, a preliminary study on the numerical simulation of EMAT-MI images was conducted. The magnetic excitation, generation and propagation of magnetoacoustic (MA) waves in the multi-layered wall tissues were modeled and numerically simulated. The cross-sectional distribution of the acoustic source and electrical conductivity was recovered from the acoustic pressure series based on time-reversal...
September 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906357/ercp-related-complication-is-not-the-only-cause-of-gi-bleeding-in-post-liver-transplantation-patients-a-case-report
#15
Zhen Ding, Xue-Lian Tang, Rong Lin, Chaoqun Han, Jun Liu
RATIONALE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the treatment of choice for biliary complications in liver transplantation (LT) recipients as it is both diagnostic and therapeutic. The specific risks following ERCP among LT recipients have not been well studied. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old man with a history of orthotopic LT underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) as a treatment of biliary strictures, whereby a plastic stent was implanted...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906293/frequency-and-variables-associated-with-fasting-orders-in-inpatients-with-ulcerative-colitis-the-audit-of-diet-orders-ulcerative-colitis-adore-uc-study
#16
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Kevin Pivovarov, Kyle J Fortinsky, A Hillary Steinhart, Adam V Weizman
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines suggest that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized because of a disease flare should be offered a normal diet, unless such a diet is not tolerated. Studies of hospitalized patients have demonstrated iatrogenic malnutrition from unjustified or inappropriate nil per os (NPO) or clear liquid diet (CLD) orders. In this study, we aim to characterize the burden of this problem in hospitalized patients with UC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with UC admitted to the gastroenterology service or the general internal medicine service at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2009 and December 2014, with a length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902372/-cost-assessment-for-endoscopic-procedures-in-the-german-diagnosis-related-group-drg-system-5-year-cost-data-analysis-of-the-german-society-of-gastroenterology-project
#17
Markus Rathmayer, Wolfgang Heinlein, Claudia Reiß, Jörg G Albert, Bora Akoglu, Martin Braun, Thorsten Brechmann, Stefan K Gölder, Tim Lankisch, Helmut Messmann, Arne Schneider, Martin Wagner, Markus Dollhopf, Felix Gundling, Michael Röhling, Cornelie Haag, Ines Dohle, Sven Werner, Frank Lammert, Steffen Fleßa, Michael H Wilke, Wolfgang Schepp, Markus M Lerch
Background In the German hospital reimbursement system (G-DRG) endoscopic procedures are listed in cost center 8. For reimbursement between hospital departments and external providers outdated or incomplete catalogues (e. g. DKG-NT, GOÄ) have remained in use. We have assessed the cost for endoscopic procedures in the G-DRG-system. Methods To assess the cost of endoscopic procedures 74 hospitals, annual providers of cost-data to the Institute for the Hospital Remuneration System (InEK) made their data (2011 - 2015; § 21 KHEntgG) available to the German-Society-of-Gastroenterology (DGVS) in anonymized form (4873 809 case-data-sets)...
September 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901936/advances-in-paediatric-urology
#18
REVIEW
David A Diamond, Ivy H Y Chan, Andrew J A Holland, Michael P Kurtz, Caleb Nelson, Carlos R Estrada, Stuart Bauer, Paul K H Tam
Paediatric urological surgery is often required for managing congenital and acquired disorders of the genitourinary system. In this Series paper, we highlight advances in the surgical management of six paediatric urological disorders. The management of vesicoureteral reflux is evolving, with advocacy ranging from a less interventional assessment and antimicrobial prophylaxis to surgery including endoscopic injection of a bulking agent and minimally invasive ureteric reimplantation. Evidence supports early orchidopexy to improve fertility and reduce malignancy in boys with undescended testes...
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898919/comparison-of-two-fluoroscopic-images-to-ensure-efficient-scope-insertion-for-biliary-intervention-in-patients-with-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy
#19
Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hironari Kato, Ken Hirao, Sho Mizukawa, Shinichiro Muro, Yutaka Akimoto, Daisuke Uchida, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Takeshi Tomoda, Shigeru Horiguchi, Shuntaro Yabe, Hiroyuki Seki, Yasuhiro Noma, Naoki Yamamoto, Ryo Harada, Tsuneyoshi Ogawa, Hiroyuki Okada
Background and study aims No standard procedure for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is available for patients with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RYHJ) with side-to-end hepaticojejunostomy. We therefore explored methods of efficient scope insertion at a hepaticojejunostomy site. Patients and methods Patients with suspected biliary disease were prospectively enrolled. Based on two fluoroscopic images obtained on scope insertion into each lumen of a two-pronged Roux-en-Y anastomosis, we selected the lumen in which the distal end of the scope progressed toward the patient's liver or head...
September 12, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898797/scarless-surgery-for-a-huge-liver-cyst-a-case-report
#20
Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Jun Kawachi, Naoko Isogai, Masanori Ishii, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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