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'Therapeutic ultrasound'

Othmar Schuhfried, Damir Vukanovic, Christian Kollmann, Karin Pieber, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic ultrasound is a often used clinical modality in the non-surgical treatment of entrapment neuropathies. To date the possible mechanism of action of pulsed ultrasound therapy on the peripheral nerve in the treatment of entrapment neuropathies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of pulsed ultrasound therapy on peripheral nerve conduction parameters. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single blind, cross-over study...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Tsan-Hon Liou, Hung-Chou Chen, Chi-Lun Rau
BACKGROUND: Stellate ganglion blockade (SGB) is mainly used to relieve symptoms of neuropathic pain in conditions such as complex regional pain syndrome and has several potential complications. Noninvasive SGB performed using physical agent modalities (PAMs), such as light irradiation and electrical stimulation, can be clinically used as an alternative to conventional invasive SGB. However, its application protocols vary and its clinical efficacy remains controversial. This study investigated the use of noninvasive SGB for managing neuropathic pain or other disorders associated with sympathetic hyperactivity...
2016: PloS One
Dhananjay Arankalle, Jon Wardle, Pradeep M K Nair
BACKGROUND: Despite a long-standing tradition of naturopathic physical therapy and hydrotherapy use in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, neither naturopathy, nor specific aspects of hydrotherapy have been tested for efficacy in the treatment of heel pain. METHODS: Patients (n=20) were assigned to standard naturopathic physiotherapy care (NPC) with two adjuvant therapy groups: a control group (therapeutic ultrasound, n=10), or alternating compresses (n=10)...
September 19, 2016: Foot
Tuğba Yeğin, Lale Altan, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy
Osteoartritis (OA) is one of the most frequent causes of pain, loss of function and disability in adults. The prevalence of OA is expected to increase substantially in the future. Knee OA is the most common subset of OA. Therapeutic ultrasound (US) is one of several physical therapy modalities suggested for the management of pain and loss of function due to OA. The purpose of our study was to investigate the efficacy of US therapy in reducing pain and functional loss and improving the quality of life in patients with knee OA in comparison to sham US therapy...
January 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Zhao-Yang Lu, Rui-Lin Li, Hong-Sheng Zhou, Jing-Juan Huang, Zhi-Xiao Su, Jia Qi, Lan Zhang, Yue Li, Yi-Qin Shi, Chang-Ning Hao, Jun-Li Duan
Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) has been demonstrated to improve endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity, which played a crucial role in the regulation of angiogenesis. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) impairs eNOS activity. We tested the hypothesis that DM may retard unilateral hindlimb ischemia-induced angiogenesis by inhibiting eNOS in high-fat diet (HFD)/streptozocin (STZ) induced diabetic mice, and that TUS may reverse DM-related impairment of angiogenesis. C57BL/6 mice were allocated to four groups: (A) mice were fed standard diet (control); (B) mice were fed standard diet and treated with TUS (control+TUS); (C) type-2 DM mice were induced by HFD/STZ (diabetic); and (D) type-2 DM mice and treated with TUS (dabetic+TUS)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Karly O W Chan, Henry H Y Tong, Gabriel Y F Ng
Fish oil has been shown to promote collagen synthesis, and hence, connective tissue healing. Therapeutic ultrasound is commonly used to treat soft tissue injuries. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of topical fish oil on the management of Achilles tendon rupture, comparing normal therapeutic ultrasound with a combination of ultrasound and fish oil. Eighty-five Sprague-Dawley rats underwent surgical hemitenotomy of the right medial Achilles tendon. The rats received daily treatment of either topical placebo ointment (control group [CON]), topical fish oil (FO), therapeutic ultrasound (US) or ultrasound with fish oil as the coupling medium (FU)...
December 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jinlong Zhang, Shengzheng Wu, Yongliang Liu, Lu Qiao, Wenhong Gao, Weiguo Zhang, Zheng Liu
Previous studies have shown a unique method to disrupt tumor vasculature using pulsed, high-pressure amplitude therapeutic ultrasound combined with microbubbles. In this study, we attempted to destroy the prostate vasculature of canine prostates using microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) and prothrombin. The prostates of 43 male mongrel canines were surgically exposed. Twenty-two prostates were treated using MEUS (n = 11) or MEUS and prothrombin (PMEUS, n = 11). The other 21 prostates, which were treated using microbubbles (n = 7), ultrasound (n = 7) or prothrombin (n = 7) only, served as the controls...
2016: PloS One
Sunil Kumar Karumuri, Trisha Rastogi, Kartheeki Beeraka, Mohan Raju Penumatcha, Sanjeeva Rao Olepu
An ultrasound (US) gives a visible image of the organs that are present inside the body. In medicine it serves for diagnosing and also its therapeutic benefits are well established for bone healing, osteointegration and soft tissue healing. In dentistry it is widely used for diagnostic purposes. When it was discovered it was introduced for therapeutic purposes, but due to lack of clinical studies its use as therapy was remittent in dentistry. The aim of the present paper was to establish the efficiency of therapeutic US in maxillofacial region for alleviating the pain and to see the other applications...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fatemeh Baghbani, Fathollah Moztarzadeh, Jamshid Aghazadeh Mohandesi, Fatemeh Yazdian, Manijhe Mokhtari-Dizaji
Perfluorocarbon nanoemulsions are a new class of multifunctional stimuli-responsive nanocarriers which combine the properties of passive-targeted drug carriers, ultrasound imaging contrast agents, and ultrasound-responsive drug delivery systems. Doxorubicin-loaded alginate stabilized perflourohexane (PFH) nanodroplets were synthesized via nanoemulsion preparation method and their ultrasound responsivity, imaging, and therapeutic properties were studied. Doxorubicin was loaded into the nanodroplets (39.2nm) with encapsulation efficiency of 92...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Şükrü Burak Tönük, Erdinc Serin, Fikriye Figen Ayhan, Zeynep Rezan Yorgancioglu
To investigate the effects of physical agents on the levels of stress hormones in patients with osteoarthritis (OA).Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, hot packs, and therapeutic ultrasound were applied to the lumbar region and knees of patients with OA. Blood samples were taken for the measurement of the serum levels of glucose, insulin (INS), growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), cortisol (COR), and plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immediately before and after the 1st session, to investigate the acute effects of those physical agents on the endocrine system...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michael Costello, Emilio 'Louie' J Puentedura, Josh Cleland, Charles D Ciccone
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of soft tissue mobilization (STM) versus therapeutic ultrasound (US) in patients with neck and arm pain who demonstrate neural mechanical sensitivity. BACKGROUND: While experts have suggested that individuals with neck and arm pain associated with neural tissue mechanical sensitivity may benefit from STM, there has been little research to investigate this hypothesis...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
William J Ennis, Claudia Lee, Karen Gellada, Thomas F Corbiere, Timothy J Koh
BACKGROUND: Cellular energy is required for the healing cascade to occur. A combination of cells, cytokines, chemokines, tissue perfusion, an extracellular matrix, and local forces are also required to allow for human tissue repair to proceed. Although there are many examples of treatment options, energy-based therapies are the least understood, appreciated, and employed by practicing wound care physicians. The recent growth of tissue engineering has encouraged researchers to employ both electrical stimulation and therapeutic ultrasound (US) to stimulate cells, induce migration, and modify tissue constructs...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
David S Hersh, Anthony J Kim, Jeffrey A Winkles, Howard M Eisenberg, Graeme F Woodworth, Victor Frenkel
: : Transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS) can noninvasively transmit acoustic energy with a high degree of accuracy and safety to targets and regions within the brain. Technological advances, including phased-array transducers and real-time temperature monitoring with magnetic resonance thermometry, have created new opportunities for FUS research and clinical translation. Neuro-oncology, in particular, has become a major area of interest because FUS offers a multifaceted approach to the treatment of brain tumors...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Lígia Brancalion Catapani, Adriana da Costa Gonçalves, Nathalia Morano Candeloro, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
BACKGROUND: Skin function is dependent on its biomechanical characteristics, resistance, malleability, and elasticity. Therapeutic ultrasound may increase cutaneous malleability thus and optimize the rehabilitation process on specific diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate possible alterations of biomechanical characteristics of the normal skin after therapeutic ultrasound application. METHODS: Thirty-one volunteers took part of the study, and the average age was 31...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Zhao-Yang Lu, Rui-Lin Li, Hong-Sheng Zhou, Jing-Juan Huang, Jia Qi, Zhi-Xiao Su, Lan Zhang, Yue Li, Yi-Qin Shi, Chang-Ning Hao, Jun-Li Duan
We examined the hypothesis that therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) treatment would rescue the hypertension-related inhibition of ischemia-induced angiogenesis. TUS protects against endothelial dysfunction, but it is little known that the effect of TUS treatment on angiogenesis inhibited by hypertension. 20-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) were randomly allocated to 4 groups: SHR; TUS treated SHR (SHR-TUS); WKY and TUS treated WKY (WKY-TUS). After undergoing excision of the left femoral artery, the ischemic skeletal muscles were treated with extracorporeal TUS for 9 minutes of daily exposure (frequency of 1 MHz, intensity of 0...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Marcelo Silva Fantinati, Diego Eterno Oliveira Mendonça, Adriana Márcia Monteiro Fantinati, Bruno Flamarion Dos Santos, Juliana Cristina Oliveira Reis, Cristina Lopes Afonso, Marina Clare Vinaud, Ruy de Souza Lino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of low intensity ultrasound on the healing process of third degree burn wounds in experimentally induced diabetic Wistar rats. METHODS: One hundred rats were divided into: control group; non-diabetic treated group; diabetic control group; diabetic treated group. The therapy was performed with a 3MHz ultrasound application, pulsed emission at 100Hz frequency, modulated at 20% with a dosage of 0.5W/cm2 during three minutes throughout 30 days...
July 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Stacey E Aaron, Diana C Delgado-Diaz, Matthew C Kostek
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) delivered in a continuous mode reduces pain perception after muscle injury. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Institutional laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty young healthy participants (11 females; 9 males; mean age ± SD, 24.1 ± 3.7 years). INTERVENTION: All subjects performed 50 maximal eccentric contractions of the biceps brachii on a Biodex dynamometer...
July 18, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Sung-Hak Cho, Soo-Han Kim
[Purpose] This research explored the positive effects of self-myofascial release on hamstring muscular flexibility and proprioception and investigated the effectiveness of the stretch combined with therapeutic ultrasound. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 30 healthy university students with no history of pain in the Achilles tendon or hamstring within the recent 6 months. Each participant completed two experiments. In the first experiment (MS), they completed self-myofascial stretching using a foam roller for 7 days...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Birgit Heinig, Andrè Koch, Uwe Wollina
Focal palmar hyperhidrosis is a common and often debilitating eccrine sweat gland disorder with negative impact on quality of life and self-esteem. For treatment of recalcitrant cases, a stellate ganglion block is a nonsurgical alternative. Although this method has only a temporary effect, surgical risks can be avoided. The usual way to perform the block is by ultrasound-guided injection of local anesthetics. Here we describe the use of therapeutic ultrasound at 0.8 MHz for stellate ganglion block. Ultrasound was applied for 1 min unilaterally every other day for 6 days...
July 5, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Lucas M Weikart, Justin H Rigby, David O Draper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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