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skeletal radiology

Federico Canavese, Alain Dimeglio, Davide Barbetta, Marco Galeotti, Bartolomeo Canavese, Fabio Cavalli
BACKGROUND: This experimental study provides a qualitative description and the morpho-structural features of the fusions taking place in the thoracic spine between prepubertal age and skeletal maturity. There is a lack of informations regarding the influence of partial or total dorso-thoracic vertebral arthrodesis on the development of the thoracic cage as well as its potential effects on different intra and extra-thoracic organs. This study admits the hypothesis that vertebral arthrodesis may have influence on other body areas and so, it intends to verify the possible secondary involvement of other body parts, such as intervertebral discs, cervical and thoracic spinal ganglia, sternocostal cartilage, ovaries and lungs...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Namita Chandra, Sanjay Kumar, Vaibhav Raj, Pawan Kumar Vishwakarma, Sheela Sinha, Ram Prakash Saha
BACKGROUND Jarcho-Levin syndrome, also known as spondylothoracic dysplasia and spondylocostal dysplasia, is characterized by varieties of vertebrae and rib anomalies. Jarcho-Levin syndrome is a clinical-radiological diagnosis with clinical evidence of short neck, short trunk, normal-sized limbs, or increased arm span, and vertebral and rib defects on the skeletal survey. CASE REPORT About 400 cases have been reported in world literature and 18 in our Indian literature. We report the case of a one-day-old female baby with a short trunk, short neck, low hairline, apparently long limbs, protuberant abdomen, mild midfacial dysmorphism, low-set ears, and a high-arched palate...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Raiz Ahmad Misgar, Parvez Mohiuddin Dar, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Munir Ahmad, Khursheed Alam Wani, Arshad Iqbal Wani, Mir Iftikhar Bashir
BACKGROUND: Although primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has become an asymptomatic disease in the West, in India, PHPT is still an uncommonly diagnosed, overtly symptomatic disease with skeletal, muscular, and renal manifestations. AIMS: To describe the profile and surgical outcome of 78 consecutive PHPT patients over a period of two decades at a single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent evaluation and surgery for PHPT from January 1996 to December 2015 were included...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jean-Michel Salagnac
INTRODUCTION: The mandible consists of different segments, each of which possess its own specific characteristics regarding emergence, ossification during growth and pathologies. Orthodontists need to be very familiar with these developmental anomalies if they are to avoid failure in their orthopedic or orthodontic treatments and in order to understand the reasons for the lack of success of "conventional" treatments. Each segment must develop correctly if the mandible is to achieve optimal development and occupy a normal position within the cranio-facial complex...
September 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
Eric Y Chang, Karen C Chen, Brady K Huang, Arthur Kavanaugh
Developments and improvements in knowledge are rapid and ongoing in both the radiologic and rheumatologic fields. During the past decade, the roles of imaging and the radiologist in the assessment and management of many inflammatory rheumatologic diseases have undergone several changes. To remain effective in patient care, the radiologist needs to be aware of these changes when recommending and interpreting imaging examinations for the referring physician. The goal of contemporary rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management is to redefine RA as a disease that is no longer characterized by erosions, which reflect established or long-standing untreated disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
M E Boeyer, S D Ousley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to conduct an analysis of ossification patterns in the distal femoral, proximal tibial, and proximal fibular epiphyses, and the patella. The results generated from this analysis will be compared with previous standards published by Elgenmark () and Garn et al. () to determine if clinical and skeletal age assessment standards should be updated for contemporary Americans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Pediatric Radiology Interactive Atlas (Patricia), a total of 1,317 epiphyses were scored for presence or absence from radiographs of 1,056 white individuals born in or after 1990...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Yuwei Zhou, Uygar Teomete, Ozgur Dandin, Onur Osman, Taner Dandinoglu, Ulas Bagci, Weizhao Zhao
Bowing fractures are incomplete fractures of tubular long bones, often observed in pediatric patients, where plain radiographic film is the non-invasive imaging modality of choice in routine radiological workflow. Due to weak association between bent bone and distinct cortex disruption, bowing fractures may not be diagnosed properly while reading plain radiography. Missed fractures and dislocations are common in accidents and emergency practice, particularly in children. These missed injuries can result in more complicated treatment or even long-term disability...
September 17, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Jean-Claude Bernard, Karimann Abelin-Genevois, Isabelle Courtois
This is a national retrospective study realized by the Study Group of Scoliosis (GES) with the support of 7 competence centers about the follow up of the spine for patients with Marfan's disease. The sample consists of 167 patients: 99 women and 67 men. It is composed of children and adults and the mean age is 31 years. In this sample, we find 72% of spine deformity (scoliosis and kyphosis): in the literature, 63% for Sponseller and al, (JBJSa 1995), and 56% for Garreau and al, (JBJS, 2006). The discovery of the spine problem is effective of 12,8 years old (ET=4,2; range=1-53)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ezher Hamza Dayisoylu, Ozcan Ceneli, Esra Zeypep Coskunoglu
INTRODUCTION: Plasma cell dyscrasias are characterized by a monoclonal neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells. Solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) is a local form of the disease with the vertebrae and long bones being the most frequently encountered sites. Its prevalence in the maxillofacial area is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Caucasian male patient was referred for the extraction of his mobile premolar tooth with a poorly-defined radiolucent lesion...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Yeon Soo Yeom, Zhao Jun Wang, Thang Tat Nguyen, Han Sung Kim, Chansoo Choi, Min Cheol Han, Chan Hyeong Kim, Jai Ki Lee, Beom Sun Chung, Maria Zankl, Nina Petoussi-Henss, Wesley E Bolch, Choonsik Lee
The reference adult computational phantoms of the international commission on radiological protection (ICRP) described in Publication 110 are voxel-type computational phantoms based on whole-body computed tomography (CT) images of adult male and female patients. The voxel resolutions of these phantoms are in the order of a few millimeters and smaller tissues such as the eye lens, the skin, and the walls of some organs cannot be properly defined in the phantoms, resulting in limitations in dose coefficient calculations for weakly penetrating radiations...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Peter Faunø, Lone Rømer, Torsten Nielsen, Martin Lind
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in skeletally immature patients can result in growth plate injury, which can cause growth disturbances. PURPOSE: To evaluate radiological tibial and femoral length and axis growth disturbances as well as clinical outcomes in skeletally immature ACLR patients treated with a transphyseal drilling technique. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A total of 39 pediatric patients with ACL injury and open physes at time of surgery, as diagnosed clinically and with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were treated using transphyseal ACLR using hamstring graft...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Archana George Vallonthaiel, Asit Ranjan Mridha, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Manisha Jana, Mehar Chand Sharma, Shah Alam Khan, Sameer Bakhshi
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is an uncommon, non-familial, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis, which involves skeletal system and soft tissue usually in middle aged and elderly patients. The characteristic radiologic features include bilateral, symmetric cortical osteosclerosis of the diaphyseal and metaphyseal parts of the long bones, or bilateral symmetrically abnormal intense (99m)Technetium labelling of the metaphyseal-diaphyseal region of the long bones, and computed tomography scan findings of "coated aorta" or "hairy kidneys"...
August 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
Zied Jlalia, Talel Znaigui, Mahmoud Smida
Physical child abuse or battered child syndrome is responsible for over 75.000 deaths per year in France. This public health problem is under-diagnosed in Tunisia and in the world. The path toward the recognition of battered child syndrom was arduous even in some western societies. This study aims to highlight this problem to healthcare practitioners in order that accurate diagnosis and appropriate management may be provided. Physical child abuse has wrongly been referred to as Silverman syndrome that includes only skeletal lesions in children such as fractures...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
J Freyschmidt, P Freyschmidt
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of the etiology, pathology, clinical course, radiology and differential diagnostics of skeletal sarcoidosis. PATHOANATOMICAL PRINCIPLES: Noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas can trigger solitary, multiple or disseminated osteolysis, reactive osteosclerosis and/or granulomatous synovitis. INCIDENCE: The incidence of sarcoidosis is 10-12 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Skeletal involvement is approximately 14 %...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
Ibrahim K Ali, Freny R Karjodkar, Kaustubh Sansare, Prashant Salve, Amaresh Dora, Shikha Goyal
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by skeletal anomalies and multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors of the jaws. The skeletal anomalies of this syndrome are mandibular prognathism, bossing of frontal and parietal bones, high-arched palate, and bifid rib. We report three cases with NBCCS, emphasizing the clinical and radiographic findings, the importance of the early diagnosis of NBCCS, and a preventive multidisciplinary approach in the management of NBCCS...
2016: Curēus
Sebastian Farr, Andreas Kranzl, Julia Hahne, Rudolf Ganger
Literature suggests that children and adolescents with idiopathic genua valga present with considerable gait deviations in frontal and transverse planes, including altered frontal knee moments, reduced external knee rotation, and increased external hip rotation. This study aimed to evaluate gait parameters in these patients after surgical correction using tension band plating (TBP). We prospectively evaluated 24 consecutive, skeletally immature patients, who received full-length standing radiographs and three-dimensional gait analysis before and after correction, and compared the results observed to a group of 11 typically developing peers...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
R Giancola, L P Marchesi, M G Lettera, G Antonini
We present the case of a 39-year-old sportswoman who was involved in a motorcycle accident in 2012. She sustained a complex proximal femoral fracture that involved the neck and trochanteric region. We decided to preserve the natural bone stock and repair the fractures, adopting skeletal traction in the first stage and then implanting an intramedullary nail. Twenty months later the fracture was healed clinically and radiologically and the patient was able to walk and run without pain.
September 6, 2016: Injury
Melissa Matzumura, Javier Arias-Stella, James E Novak
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, xanthogranulomatous, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis with frequent systemic involvement. Although the diagnosis is based on characteristic histological and radiological findings, its identification can be challenging because of its heterogeneous presentation. Osteosclerosis of long bones, often associated with bone pain, is the most common initial manifestation, followed by extraskeletal manifestations in approximately 50% of cases. There is no standard treatment for ECD, although recommendations have been made on the basis of small studies...
July 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Filippo Maffezzoni, Michele Maddalo, Stefano Frara, Monica Mezzone, Ivan Zorza, Fabio Baruffaldi, Francesco Doglietto, Gherardo Mazziotti, Roberto Maroldi, Andrea Giustina
Vertebral fractures are an emerging complication of acromegaly but their prediction is still difficult occurring even in patients with normal bone mineral density. In this study we evaluated the ability of high-resolution cone-beam computed tomography to provide information on skeletal abnormalities associated with vertebral fractures in acromegaly. 40 patients (24 females, 16 males; median age 57 years, range 25-72) and 21 healthy volunteers (10 females, 11 males; median age 60 years, range: 25-68) were evaluated for trabecular (bone volume/trabecular volume ratio, mean trabecular separation, and mean trabecular thickness) and cortical (thickness and porosity) parameters at distal radius using a high-resolution cone-beam computed tomography system...
September 6, 2016: Endocrine
Michael G Fox, Laura W Bancroft
Peer-reviewed abstracts presented at the 2016 Society of Skeletal Radiology (SSR) Annual Meeting were reviewed following oral presentation. Topics felt to be of potential interest to musculoskeletal (MSK) investigators and practicing clinicians are highlighted in this compilation and analysis of the meeting. New concepts regarding MSK imaging and intervention, MSK protocols and techniques, radiology education and quality improvement are included. ePoster highlights are also presented.
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
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