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skeletal radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217521/association-of-dental-and-skeletal-fluorosis-with-calcium-intake-and-serum-vitamin-d-concentration-in-adolescents-from-a-region-endemic-for-fluorosis
#1
Prerna P Patel, Pinal A Patel, M Mughal Zulf, Bhrugu Yagnik, Neha Kajale, Rubina Mandlik, Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Supriya Phanse, Vivek Patwardhan, Priscilla Joshi, Ashish Patel, Anuradha V Khadilkar
CONTEXT: Fluorosis is controlled by the duration of fluoride exposure and calcium and Vitamin D nutrition status. AIM: To examine (a) prevalence of dental and skeletal fluorosis in adolescents from upper, middle, and lower socioeconomic strata (SES) and (b) association of fluorosis with calcium intake and Vitamin D status. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study conducted in 10-13.9 years apparently healthy adolescents (n = 90), from different SES of Patan (Gujarat, India)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217016/prostate-specific-antigen-as-a-risk-factor-for-skeletal-metastasis-in-native-ethnic-african-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-case-control-study
#2
Ayman M Qureshi, Khalid Makhdomi, William Stones
Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer in males. Men of African origin are at a significantly higher risk as reflected in the higher incidence and mortality rates in this racial group. Metastases incidence increases parallel to serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality. Staging of the disease involves bone scans, which are sensitive in detecting skeletal metastases. Suggestions that these scans may be omitted in some situations in patients with low prostate specific antigen levels have drawn attention to the matter...
January 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215933/gender-determination-from-diagnostic-factors-on-anteroposterior-pelvic-radiographs
#3
Azadeh Memarian, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Foroozan Fares
BACKGROUND: Gender determination from skeletal remains is one of the primary factors in forensic medicine. This study aimed to identify the gender of patients referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital of Tehran using anteroposterior pelvic radiography. METHODS: A total of 200 patients (100 male and 100 female) referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital for anteroposterior pelvic radiography during 2013-2014 were included in this study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208958/radiological-and-histopathological-outcome-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-femur-with-denosumab-treatment-a-case-report
#4
Preethi Dileep Menon, R Krishnakumar, Annie Jojo
Giant Cell Tumour of Bone (GCTB) is a benign but locally aggressive osteolytic skeletal neoplasm of young adults consisting of giant cells expressing RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κB) and mesenchymal spindle-like stromal cells expressing RANKL (RANK ligand). The interaction of these cells leads to bone resorption. Recently, the RANKL inhibitor, denosumab, has demonstrated activity against giant-cell tumours. The current article reports a case of a Giant cell tumour of left distal femur with pathological fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208953/open-reduction-and-volar-plate-fixation-of-dorsally-displaced-distal-radius-fractures-a-prospective-study-of-functional-and-radiological-outcomes
#5
Arjun Ballal, Anand Kumar Sadasivan, Anoop Hegde, Ashwin Shetty
INTRODUCTION: The fractures of the distal radius have always posed a unique challenge to the orthopaedic fraternity. The complex ligamentous and bony anatomy offers a wide variety of fractures to be dealt with around this zone. Over the years these injuries have become common especially in the elderly age group as well as the implants and surgical techniques have improved. AIM: To assess the radiological and functional outcome after fixation of intra-articular dorsally displaced distal radius fractures with open reduction and volar Locking Compression Plate fixation (LCP)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194289/an-interesting-case-of-intramuscular-myxoma-with-scapular-bone-lysis
#6
Jérôme Tirefort, Frank C Kolo, Alexandre Lädermann
Introduction. Intramuscular myxoma is a rare benign primitive tumor of the mesenchyme founded at the skeletal muscle level; it presents itself like an unpainful, slow-growing mass. Myxomas with bone lysis are even more rare; only 7 cases have been reported in the English literature, but never at the shoulder level. Case Presentation. We describe an 83-year-old patient with a growing mass in the deltoid muscle with unique scapular lysis, without any symptom. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a biopsy were performed and the diagnosis of intramuscular myxoma has been retained...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188335/posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-skeletal-immature-children
#7
Ole Gade Sørensen, Peter Faunø, Svend Erik Christiansen, Martin Lind
PURPOSE: Rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is a rare knee injury in children with open growth plates. The follow-up results of six patients with open physes treated with PCL reconstruction are presented. The objective is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of PCL reconstruction for six skeletally immature patients. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2010, six skeletally immature patients were treated with PCL reconstruction. At the time of surgery, the median age was 9 years (range 6-14)...
February 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180199/ultrasound-and-mri-comprehensive-approach-in-prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-osteochondrodysplasias-cases-series
#8
Costin Berceanu, Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Simona Vlădăreanu, Monica Mihaela Cîrstoiu, Radu Vlădăreanu, Claudia Mehedinţu, Sabina Berceanu, Răzvan Ciortea, Elvira Brătilă
AIM: To present the systematic ultrasonographic assessment in fetal osteochondrodysplasias and to evaluate the fetal MRI intake, as a complementary exploration to US, in the prenatal diagnosis and perinatal prognosis of fetal nonlethal osteochondrodysplasias. Material and methods: In this tertiary multicentre study were included 37 cases diagnosed prenatally with various entities in the category of nonlethal fetal osteochondrodysplasias. The initial diagnosis was carried out by the routine or detailed ultrasound examination...
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178719/endometriosis-mimicking-soft-tissue-neoplasms-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall
#9
Yi Ding, Julie Gibbs, Ge Xiong, Shigong Guo, Shailaja Raj, Marilyn M Bui
Endometriosis is a common gynecological disorder most often involving the pelvic region. Although it is rare, endometriosis occurring outside of the peritoneal cavity most commonly occurs within scars of the abdominal wall, but it has been reported in the lungs, pleura, kidneys, brain, and the extremities. Herein, we present 2 cases of endometriosis, including 1 case of endometriosis of the wrist that clinically mimicked a soft-tissue neoplasm and 1 case of right-groin endometriosis mimicking synovial sarcoma during the initial pathological interpretation of findings on fine needle aspiration...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154900/prevalence-of-burnout-among-musculoskeletal-radiologists
#10
Felix S Chew, Michael J Mulcahy, Jack A Porrino, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Annemarie Relyea-Chew
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a job-related psychological syndrome with three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and perceived lack of personal accomplishment. Burnout is associated with deleterious effects on both workers and their work. When burnout affects physicians, their well-being, longevity, and care of patients are at risk. Recent studies concerning physician burnout treat specialists such as radiologists as one group. We studied burnout in musculoskeletal (MSK) subspecialist radiologists...
February 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150272/morphological-approach-of-the-sternal-foramen-an-anatomic-study-and-a-short-review-of-the-literature
#11
Nikolaos Gkantsinikoudis, Constantinos Chaniotakis, Grigorios Gkasdaris, Nikiforos Georgiou, Stylianos Kapetanakis
BACKGROUND: The sternal foramen constitutes a specific anatomic defect in sternum, indicating an impaired fusion of ossificated segments, which occurs either in an anatomical part of the sternum or in sternal joints. The aim of this article is to provide baseline statistical data about the variations of the sternal foramen, to present a short review of the relevant literature and to compare results with other studies and populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We review relevant literature, and we present data obtained from skeletal samples of known population and sex...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149936/change-in-psoas-muscle-volume-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-in-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy-and-radical-cystectomy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#12
Homayoun Zargar, Nima Almassi, Evan Kovac, Cesar Ercole, Erick Remer, Brian Rini, Andrew Stephenson, Jorge A Garcia, Petros Grivas
Objective: Sarcopenia, or the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, has been investigated as a potential marker of adverse outcomes among surgical patients. Our aim was to assess for changes in psoas muscle volume (PMV) following administration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with bladder cancer and to examine whether changes in PMV following NAC are predictive of perioperative complications, pathologic response or survival. Methods: During the period of 2009-2013, patients undergoing NAC and radical cystectomy (RC) at our institution with pre and post NAC cross sectional images available were included...
January 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127940/additional-three-patients-with-smith-mccort-dysplasia-due-to-novel-rab33b-mutations
#13
Smrithi Salian, Tae-Joon Cho, Shubha R Phadke, Kalpana Gowrishankar, Gandham SriLakshmi Bhavani, Anju Shukla, Sujatha Jagadeesh, Ok-Hwa Kim, Gen Nishimura, Katta M Girisha
Smith-McCort dysplasia (SMC OMIM 615222) and Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen dysplasia (DMC OMIM 223800) are allelic skeletal dysplasias caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in DYM (OMIM 607461). Both disorders share the same skeletal phenotypes characterized by spondylo-epi-metaphyseal dysplasia with distinctive lacy ilia. The difference rests on the presence or absence of intellectual disability, that is, intellectual disability in DMC and normal cognition in SMC. However, genetic heterogeneity was suspected in SMC...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125786/ct-abnormalities-in-the-sacroiliac-joints-of-patients-with-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis
#14
Naama Leibushor, Einat Slonimsky, Dvora Aharoni, Merav Lidar, Iris Eshed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to characterize sacroiliac joints (SIJs) findings at CT of patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), a condition characterized (using the Resnick classification criteria) by ossification of at least four contiguous vertebrae in the thoracic spine and preserved disk space, but without radiographic evidence of intraarticular SIJ abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pelvic CT examinations of 104 patients with DISH (fulfilling the Resnick criteria on spinal CT) and 106 age- and sex-matched control subjects whose entire spine lacked CT evidence of DISH (total, 149 men and 61 women; mean [± SD] age, 72...
January 26, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120097/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-calcaneal-lengthening-osteotomy-for-flatfoot-deformity-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#15
Lorenza Marengo, Federico Canavese, Mounira Mansour, Alain Dimeglio, François Bonnel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, functional and radiological outcome of calcaneal lengthening osteotomy for the treatment of symptomatic flatfoot deformity in skeletally immature patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was led on 31 prospectively enrolled patients with symptomatic flatfoot. Twenty-seven out of 31 patients met the inclusion criteria, for a total of 38 operated feet. Mean age at time of surgery was 13.3 ± 2...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104509/morphometric-vertebral-fractures-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-adjuvant-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Rebecca Pedersini, Sara Monteverdi, Gherardo Mazziotti, Vito Amoroso, Elisa Roca, Filippo Maffezzoni, Lucia Vassalli, Filippo Rodella, Anna Maria Formenti, Stefano Frara, Roberto Maroldi, Alfredo Berruti, Edda Simoncini, Andrea Giustina
BACKGROUND: The impact of long-term adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) on vertebral fracture (VF) risk is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we explored the prevalence and determinants of VFs in breast cancer (BC) patients before and during AI therapy. Each woman underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and identify VFs by a quantitative morphometric approach. Blood samples were collected to measure serum hormone and calcium levels...
January 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094893/a-comparison-of-skeletal-maturity-assessed-by-radiological-and-ultrasonic-methods
#17
Katinka Utczas, Agota Muzsnai, Noel Cameron, Annamaria Zsakai, Eva B Bodzsar
OBJECTIVES: The estimation of skeletal maturity is a useful tool in pediatric practice to determine the degree of delay or advancement in growth disorders and the effectiveness of treatment in conditions that influence linear growth. Skeletal maturity of children is commonly assessed using either Greulich-Pyle (GP) or Tanner-Whitehouse methods (TW2 and TW3). However, a less invasive ultrasonic method, that does not use ionizing radiation, has been suggested for use in epidemiological studies of skeletal maturity...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076751/salter-harris-type-iv-fracture-of-the-proximal-phalanx-of-the-thumb-with-rotation-of-the-epiphysis-outcome-10-years-following-open-reduction-and-k-wire-fixation
#18
Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the proximal phalanx with 90° rotation of the epiphysis is very rare. We report on a case of Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the proximal phalanx of the thumb with rotation of the epiphysis and document the outcome 10 years after surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 5-year old boy presented with Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the thumb with 90° rotation of the epiphysis. Open reduction and K-wire fixation was done...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072741/daughter-and-mother-diagnosed-with-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Maria Oana Mărginean
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) or osteochondromatosis is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by multiple osteochondromas and skeletal deformities. PATIENT CONCERNS & DIAGNOSES: We present the case of a 5 years and 9 month-old patient who presented with inferior limb pain for approximately 6 months, associating also deformity of the right index finger for a month. Hand X-ray revealed a radiologic abnormality of the right radius, therefore the child was referred to our clinic for further investigations...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056872/a-limb-girdle-myopathy-phenotype-of-runx2-mutation-in-a-patient-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#20
Sung-Ju Hsueh, Ni-Chung Lee, Shu-Hua Yang, Han-I Lin, Chin-Hsien Lin
BACKGROUND: Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare hereditary disorder that arises from heterozygous loss of function mutations in the runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) gene. As RUNX2 is mainly expressed in osteoblasts, CCD typically affects the skeletal and dental systems. Few studies have investigated RUNX2 mutation effects on non-skeletal systems. Here, we describe limb-girdle myopathy, an uncommon phenotype of CCD, in a patient with a heterozygous missense mutation (p.R225Q) in the RUNX2 gene...
January 6, 2017: BMC Neurology
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