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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914549/age-of-fusion-of-the-distal-radial-and-ulnar-epiphyses-from-hand-radiographs-a-study-in-kashmiri-population
#1
Nida Hassan, Farida Noor, Shabir Ahmad, Khalid Majid Fazili
Age estimation is a crucial parameter involved in investigations pertaining to civil and criminal procedures. It also aids in various examinations in forensic medicine, pediatrics, endocrinology and radiology. One of the important methods for skeletal age estimation is the age of fusion of the epiphyses. But there occur variations in the skeletal ages due to environmental, hormonal, ethnic and other factors. Hence, there arises the need for separate standards of ossification for different regions. The present study was conducted to ascertain the age of fusion of the distal radial and ulnar epiphyses in Kashmiri population...
December 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908672/forensic-age-estimation-in-anti-piracy-trials-in-seychelles-experiences-and-challenges-faced
#2
S A Gunawardena, U A Liyanage, J B Weeratna, N D N A Mendis, H J M Perera, R W Jayasekara, R Fernando
Forensic age estimation (FAE) was conducted using a multifactorial method on thirteen Somali detainees claiming juvenile status during the anti-piracy trials of the Seychelles Supreme Court in 2014/2015. A multidisciplinary team, comprising of four of the authors covering specialties in forensic medicine, forensic odontology and radiology, conducted the FAE using a five-stage protocol. Each detainee was interviewed with an interpreter and examined for disorders affecting dental/skeletal development and for assessment of genital development through Tanner staging...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894835/reducing-resource-utilization-during-non-operative-treatment-of-pediatric-proximal-humerus-fractures
#3
A Z Gladstein, A T Schade, A W Howard, M W Camp
INTRODUCTION: The majority of proximal humeral fractures in the skeletally immature are treated non-operatively. Operative indications vary but are largely based on degree of displacement. Non-union is rare. Non-operatively treated fractures are typically monitored radiographically to assess healing. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the decision to treat fractures operatively is made at the time of first imaging and that follow-up X-rays do not lead to a change in management...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891409/distal-femur-locking-plate-the-answer-to-all-distal-femoral-fractures
#4
Jagandeep Singh Virk, Sudhir Kumar Garg, Parmanand Gupta, Vivek Jangira, Jagdeep Singh, Sudhir Rana
INTRODUCTION: Good results have been published by researchers with distal femur nail, dynamic condylar screw and even addition of a medial plate to a distal femur locking plate for treating distal femur fractures. By this study, we explore the capability of a distal femur locking plate to counter distal femur fractures of extra- articular, partial or intra- articular nature. Positive results have been published by various groups from all over the world. AIM: To study the functional and radiological outcome of distal femoral fractures in skeletally mature patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation with distal femur locking plate...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889090/focal-nodular-and-diffuse-haematopoietic-marrow-hyperplasia-in-patients-with-underlying-malignancies-a-radiological-mimic-of-malignancy-in-need-of-recognition
#5
L T C Chow, A W H Ng, S K C Wong
AIM: To report the authors' experience of focal nodular haematopoietic marrow hyperplasia (FNHMH) and diffuse haematopoietic marrow hyperplasia (DHMH) clinically masquerading as skip, distant, or disseminated metastasis in seven patients with underlying malignant neoplasms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with FNHMH and two with DHMH mistaken radiologically as skip and disseminated metastasis, respectively, were compared and contrasted with four patients with osteosarcomas and two with chondrosarcomas harbouring skip metastasis, noting the temporal relationship with their haematological profile...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866322/rare-case-of-an-ancient-craniofacial-osteosarcoma-with-probable-surgical-intervention
#6
Erika Molnár, Michael Schultz, Tyede H Schmidt-Schultz, Antónia Marcsik, Krisztina Buczkó, Péter Zádori, Gergely Biró, Zsolt Bernert, Daniel Baumhoer, Tamás Hajdu
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor both today and in antiquity. Nevertheless, it is a comparatively rare tumor. This paper describes a case of a highly aggressive craniofacial lesion from the 11th-12th centuries AD, most likely representing osteosarcoma. During the paleopathological study, macroscopic, endoscopic, radiological, scanning-electron and light microscopic investigations were performed. The skull of the approximately 40-50 year-old female revealed several pathological findings...
November 19, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862258/raine-syndrome-omim-259775-caused-by-fam20c-mutation-is-congenital-sclerosing-osteomalacia-with-cerebral-calcification-omim-259660
#7
Michael P Whyte, William H McAlister, Michael D Fallon, Mary Ella Pierpont, Vinieth N Bijanki, Shenghui Duan, Ghada A Otaify, William S Sly, Steven Mumm
In 1985, we briefly reported infant sisters with a unique, lethal, autosomal recessive disorder designated congenital sclerosing osteomalacia with cerebral calcification. In 1986, this condition was entered into Mendelian Inheritance In Man (MIM) as osteomalacia, sclerosing, with cerebral calcification (MIM 259660). However, no attestations followed. Instead, in 1989 Raine and colleagues published an affected neonate considering unprecedented the striking clinical and radiographic features. In 1992, "Raine syndrome" entered MIM formally as osteosclerotic bone dysplasia, lethal (MIM #259775)...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861517/geometry-of-the-proximal-phalanx-of-hallux-and-first-metatarsal-bone-to-predict-hallux-abducto-valgus-a-radiological-study
#8
Eduardo Perez Boal, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Miguel Fuentes Rodriguez, Daniel Lopez Lopez, Marta Elena Losa Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Hallux abducto valgus (HAV) is one of the most common forefoot deformities in adulthood with a variable prevalence but has been reported as high as 48%. The study proposed that HAV development involves a skeletal parameter of the first metatarsal bone and proximal phalanx hallux (PPH) to determine if the length measurements of the metatarsal and PPH can be used to infer adult HAV. METHODS: All consecutive patients over 21 years of age with HAV by roentgenographic evaluation were included in a cross-sectional study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857042/odontogenic-keratocysts-in-the-basal-cell-nevus-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-associated-with-paresthesia-of-the-lower-jaw-case-report-retrospective-analysis-of-a-representative-czech-cohort-and-recommendations-for-the-early-diagnosis
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Identification of early presenting signs of the Basal Cell Nevus (BCNS; synonyme Gorlin-Goltz) syndrome, which is associated with a principal triad of multiple basal cell nevi, jaw odontogenic keratocysts, and skeletal anomalies, in stomatological and neurological practices. Proposal of multidisciplinary diagnostic algorithm comprising other medical specialists, including pathology, imaging, laboratory and molecular analyses based on the study outcomes. DESIGN: Case report of a male patient reporting paresthesia of their lower jaw, with right facial asymmetry (maxilla and mandible) and radiological detection of large osteolytic lesions in both jaws, including a retrospective analysis of a representative Czech cohort with BCNS from within the last decade...
September 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843872/an-unusual-presentation-of-metastatic-bone-disease-in-a-subject-with-paget-s-disease-of-bone
#10
Shrinath Shetty, Sahana Shetty, Annie Jennifer Prabhu, Nitin Kapoor, Julie Hepzibah, Thomas Vizhalil Paul
Solid organ malignancies involving breast, prostate, and lung frequently metastasize to the skeleton. However, the occurrence of Paget's disease and metastatic bone disease in the same patient is uncommon. We report a case of a 63-year-old man who presented with back pain and a lump in the right breast. He was earlier diagnosed to have Paget's disease of bone based on characteristic skeletal radiological features,(99m)Tc methylene diphosphonate bone scan and elevated alkaline phosphatase, and treated with bisphosphonates, and his disease was in remission...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843032/volume-of-lytic-vertebral-body-metastatic-disease-quantified-using-computed-tomography-based-image-segmentation-predicts-fracture-risk-after-spine-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#11
Isabelle Thibault, Cari M Whyne, Stephanie Zhou, Mikki Campbell, Eshetu G Atenafu, Sten Myrehaug, Hany Soliman, Young K Lee, Hamid Ebrahimi, Albert J M Yee, Arjun Sahgal
PURPOSE: To determine a threshold of vertebral body (VB) osteolytic or osteoblastic tumor involvement that would predict vertebral compression fracture (VCF) risk after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), using volumetric image-segmentation software. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A computational semiautomated skeletal metastasis segmentation process refined in our laboratory was applied to the pretreatment planning CT scan of 100 vertebral segments in 55 patients treated with spine SBRT...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830869/atlas-occipitalization-associated-with-other-anomalies-in-a-16th-century-skeleton-from-sardinia-italy
#12
Valentina Giuffra, Andrea Montella, Marco Milanese, Eugenia Tognotti, Davide Caramella, Pasquale Bandiera
Archaeological excavations carried out in the plague cemetery of 16th century Alghero (Sardinia) brought to light the skeleton of a male aged 35-45 years, showing anomalies of the atlas. A macroscopic and radiological study has been carried out. The first cervical vertebra is fused with the skull base, resulting in an occipitalization of the atlas. Absence of the costal element of the left foramen trasversarium, resulting in an open anterior foramen trasversarium, and posterior arch defect are also observed...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828848/lateral-shelf-acetabuloplasty-for-severe-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-in-patients-older-than-8-years-a-mean-eleven-year-follow-up
#13
Wen-Chao Li, Rui-Jiang Xu
The natural history of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in children older than 8 years is usually poor without treatment. The treatment goal is to prevent deformity and incongruity of the hip by achieving a stable spherical femoral head in a deep, congruent, sharp-edged acetabulum, with a good range of hip movement at skeletal maturity. Lateral shelf acetabuloplasty in LCPD can increase the coverage of the femoral head, benefiting the remodeling of the femoral head and acetabulum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lateral shelf acetabuloplasty for severe LCPD in patients older than 8 years...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825664/-florid-osseous-dysplasia-management-of-a-symptomatic-case
#14
M Maccotta, L Radoï
INTRODUCTION: Florid osseous dysplasia is a rare and benign fibro-osseous pathology, in which bone is replaced by fibrous tissue and metaplastic bone. It can remain asymptomatic for a long time and is most often discovered incidentally during a radiological examination. Sometimes, patients are seen because of an infectious complication. OBSERVATION: An edentulous 62 years-old woman was referred for a painful mandibular swelling preventing insertion of her removable denture...
November 4, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822590/do-osteoporotic-fractures-constitute-a-greater-recalcitrant-challenge-for-skeletal-regeneration-investigating-the-efficacy-of-bmp-7-and-zoledronate-treatment-of-diaphyseal-fractures-in-an-open-fracture-osteoporotic-rat-model
#15
N Mathavan, M Tägil, H Isaksson
: Osteoporotic fractures may pose a challenge for skeletal regeneration. This study investigates if pharmaceutical interventions such as bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) alone or in combination with Zoledronate have equivalent efficacy in osteoporotic bone? Our findings suggest they do and that an osteoporotic bone environment may increase sensitivity to BMP-7. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is thought to contribute to delayed or impaired bone healing. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) alone or synergistically combined with zoledronate (ZA) has proven effective in augmenting the regenerative response in healthy young male rats...
November 7, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816861/deep-learning-for-automated-skeletal-bone-age-assessment-in-x-ray-images
#16
C Spampinato, S Palazzo, D Giordano, M Aldinucci, R Leonardi
Skeletal bone age assessment is a common clinical practice to investigate endocrinology, genetic and growth disorders in children. It is generally performed by radiological examination of the left hand by using either the Greulich and Pyle (G&P) method or the Tanner-Whitehouse (TW) one. However, both clinical procedures show several limitations, from the examination effort of radiologists to (most importantly) significant intra- and inter-operator variability. To address these problems, several automated approaches (especially relying on the TW method) have been proposed; nevertheless, none of them has been proved able to generalize to different races, age ranges and genders...
October 29, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813627/capitate-trapezoid-synostosis-analysis-of-an-early-bronze-age-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Paola Saccheri, Gastone Sabbadini, Enrico Crivellato, Alessandro Canci, Francesco Toso, Luciana Travan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carpal synostoses are congenital defects characterized by complete or incomplete coalition of two or more carpal bones. Although most of these defects are discovered only incidentally, sometimes they become clinically manifest. Among the different types of carpal coalition, the synostosis between capitate and trapezoid bones is quite rare, with only sparse data available in the literature. The aim of this report was to describe a case of capitate-trapezoid synostosis observed in an ancient human skeleton, as well as to scrutinize the pertinent literature in order to assess for the characteristics of this type of defect, including its potential relevance to clinical practice...
November 4, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804078/assessment-of-the-2d-4d-ratio-in-aggression-related-injuries-in-children-attending-a-paediatric-emergency-department
#18
D E O'Briain, P H Dawson, J C Kelly, P Connolly
BACKGROUND: The 2D:4D ratio is a sexually dimorphic trait. A lower ratio is correlated with sporting prowess, successful financial trading, risk taking behaviour, aggression, and aggression-related injuries, such as the fifth metacarpal fractures. AIMS: We aimed to assess if the ratio correlates to skeletally immature patient aggression. METHODS: Radiology reports were searched for the terms "5th metacarpal" or "boxer". Of 537 X-rays, 142 had fractures...
November 1, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800117/myositis-ossificans-progressive-case-report
#19
Sofia Talbi, Nassira Aradoini, Iman El Mezouar, Fatima Ezzahra Abourazzak, Taoufik Harzy
Myositis ossificans progressiva (MOP) is an autosomal dominant disorder. There is a progressive ectopic ossification and skeletal malformation, mainly in the connective tissue of muscle. The diagnosis is based on the clinical findings and radiological demonstration of the skeletal malformations. A 38-year-old female patient was admitted to our department with progressive increase of the thigh. Results of laboratory studies were normal. The radiography of the right thigh showed multiple intramuscular calcifications...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785525/-cardioprotection-via-the-arm-how-a%C3%A2-blood-pressure-cuff-decreases-infarct-sizes
#20
REVIEW
P M Haller, A Kiss, J Wojta, B K Podesser, K Huber
Cardiovascular diseases and especially myocardial infarctions are responsible for a high morbidity and mortality throughout Europe. An essential aspect of myocardial infarction is ischemia/reperfusion injury which represents the necrosis of myocytes following reperfusion. One possible option to counteract ischemia/reperfusion injury is the much researched process of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC), whereby a certain tissue (e.g. skeletal muscle) is subjected to several cycles of short periods (e.g. 5 min) of ischemia and reperfusion and leads to the protection of another organ (e...
October 26, 2016: Herz
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