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skeletal radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719778/medial-malleoli-fractures-clinical-comparison-between-newly-designed-sled-device-and-conventional-screws
#1
Hemil Maniar, Harish Kempegowda, Akhil A Tawari, Michael R Rutter, Amrut Borade, Gerard Cush, Daniel S Horwitz
BACKGROUND: The Trimed Medial Malleolar Sled is a newer device designed to treat medial malleolus fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of medial malleolar fractures treated with the sled and conventional malleolar screws. METHODS: After obtaining an institutional review board approval, we conducted a retrospective study to identify all skeletally mature patients who sustained an ankle fracture with medial malleolar involvement treated with the sled and we identified a matched cohort treated with conventional malleolar screws...
August 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709493/sternoclavicular-joint-tuberculosis-a-series-of-9-cases
#2
Umesh Kumar Meena, Balaji Saibaba, Prateek Behera, Ramesh Chand Meena
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic disease that may affect any part of the human body. Though the osteoarticular TB is not uncommonly seen, TB of the sternoclavicular joint (SC joint) is an infrequently reported condition. The very fact that many physicians have never seen a single case of SC joint TB in their entire career makes them never think of this condition in cases of chronic swellings of the medial end of clavicle. We are reporting here our experience with nine cases of SC joint TB that were treated by us...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694598/successful-brace-treatment-of-scheuermann-s-kyphosis-with-different-angles
#3
Mohammad Reza Etemadifar, Mohammad Hossein Jamalaldini, Rasoul Layeghi
BACKGROUND: Scheuermann's disease is regarded as the most common cause of structural hyperkyphosis within adolescents without any proper treatment. It may lead to progressive deformity and back pain which influences patient's quality of life during adolescence and adulthood. Treatment approach to Scheuermann's kyphosis has not been clearly defined due to its different definitions and obscure natural history. The goal of treatment is not only to prevent progression but also to obtain permanent correction...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682861/right-femoral-pathological-fracture-caused-by-primary-bone-epithelioid-angiosarcoma-case-report
#4
Yatong Li, Xiongfei Zou, Xiaoyan Chang, Xiao Chang, Shengfang Sun, Baozhong Zhang
RATIONALE: Epithelioid angiosarcoma (EAS) is an extremely rare malignant disease, which accounts no more than 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas. In this article, we would report a new case of EAS with multiple bone destruction and right femoral pathological fracture, which was an even rarer manifestation of EAS. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this case, a 64-year-old man with right femoral fracture was reported. He had suffered from a progressive low back pain for about 8 months, and the imaging examinations prompted a multiple bone destruction in his vertebra and lower limbs...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681231/the-value-of-postmortem-computed-tomography-in-paediatric-natural-cause-of-death-a-dutch-observational-study
#5
Rick R van Rijn, Erik J Beek, Elise M van de Putte, Arianne H Teeuw, Peter G J Nikkels, Wilma L J M Duijst, Rutger-Jan A Nievelstein
BACKGROUND: Postmortem CT is a relatively new field of interest within paediatric radiology. This paper focusses on its value in cases of unexpected natural death. OBJECTIVE: We report on an observational Dutch study regarding the value of postmortem CT in children with an assumed natural unexpected death because postmortem CT is part of the Dutch NODO (additional investigations of cause of death) procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included consecutive children who fulfilled criteria for the NODO procedure and were therefore referred to one of the centres for the procedure...
July 5, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676968/melorheostosis-a-rare-sclerosing-bone-dysplasia
#6
REVIEW
Anupam Kotwal, Bart L Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Melorheostosis is a rare sclerosing bone dysplasia that affects both cortical bone and adjacent soft tissue structures in a sclerotomal distribution. In this review, we describe the natural history, radiological features, proposed pathogenesis, and management options for this debilitating condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Since its first description in 1922, about 400 cases of melorheostosis have been reported, either as single reports or in small case series...
July 4, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675610/vitamin-d-a-modulator-of-musculoskeletal-health-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
REVIEW
Pablo Molina, Juan J Carrero, Jordi Bover, Philippe Chauveau, Sandro Mazzaferro, Pablo Ureña Torres
The spectrum of activity of vitamin D goes beyond calcium and bone homeostasis, and growing evidence suggests that vitamin D contributes to maintain musculoskeletal health in healthy subjects as well as in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who display the combination of bone metabolism disorder, muscle wasting, and weakness. Here, we review how vitamin D represents a pathway in which bone and muscle may interact. In vitro studies have confirmed that the vitamin D receptor is present on muscle, describing the mechanisms whereby vitamin D directly affects skeletal muscle...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668414/extra-adrenal-myelolipoma-and-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-imaging-features-of-two-similar-benign-fat-containing-presacral-masses-that-may-mimic-liposarcoma
#8
Laurel A Littrell, Jodi M Carter, Stephen M Broski, Doris E Wenger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the imaging characteristics of extra-adrenal myelolipoma and mass-forming extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) occurring in the presacral region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review between 1980 and 2015 revealed 11 patients with biopsy-proven presacral extra-adrenal myelolipoma and 11 patients with presacral EMH and radiologic imaging studies. RESULTS: All cases of both myelolipoma and EMH directly abutted the anterior sacrum and were centered on the midline...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642853/paget-s-disease-skeletal-manifestations-and-effect-of-bisphosphonates
#9
Ho Kang, Young-Chang Park, Kyu Hyun Yang
BACKGROUND: Paget's disease of bone leads to change in the shape and size of the bone and results in reduced bone strength, leading to the complications of deformity, arthritis, and fracture. Due to unknown reasons, Paget's disease is rare in Asian descendants. We report the cases of Paget's disease who visited our institute for 15 years and reviewed the literatures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and radiograms of 8 patients (6 female and 2 male) who were diagnosed as Paget's disease of bone...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617182/simultaneous-bilateral-correction-of-genu-varum-with-smart-frame
#10
Barış Özkul, Yalkin Çamurcu, Sami Sokucu, Umut Yavuz, Yunus Emre Akman, Bilal Demir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical and radiological results of simultaneous bilateral correction of genu varum with Smart frame. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, a total of 25 patients (10 females, 15 males) who had bilateral genu varum deformity were operated bilaterally with tibial and fibular osteotomy in the same session, using Smart frame. The mean follow-up period was 28.7 (range, 13-45) months. All patients had bilateral tibial varus deformity...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615055/small-sized-newborn-dogs-skeletal-development-radiologic-morphometric-and-histological-findings-obtained-from-spontaneously-dead-animals
#11
S C Modina, M C Veronesi, M Moioli, T Meloni, G Lodi, V Bronzo, M Di Giancamillo
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about neonatal skeletal development in small-sized purebred dogs. In order to improve this knowledge, 27 spontaneously dead puppies belonging to small-sized breeds were enrolled in this study for radiologic, histological and morphometric investigations. RESULTS: The appearance of the limb secondary ossification centers and the onset of their formation were clearly observed by x rays and confirmed by histological evidences. Radiographic and anatomic measurements of limb bones length and skull length and width were positively correlated with body weight and age of the subjects and the body weight was positively correlated with radius bone mineral density, as demonstrated by dual-energy x-rays absorptiometry...
June 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614210/congenital-syphilis-of-bone-a-potential-mimicker-of-childhood-histiocytoses
#12
Youran Zou, Matthew A Marcus, C Guy Castles, Scott E Kilpatrick
Involvement of the skeletal system by congenital syphilis is well documented in the literature, chiefly in the form of radiologic studies, including periostitis, osteitis, and osteochondritis. Because congenital syphilis is generally recognized clinically, tissue biopsy is virtually never performed. Therefore, the histopathologic findings are less well documented and mostly exist in the older literature. We report herein the clinicoradiologic and pathologic features of a 2-month-old infant who initially presented with absence of left arm movement...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610630/osteosarcoma-of-the-lower-limb-metastasized-to-the-septum-and-right-side-of-the-heart-a-case-report
#13
Elisha Osati, Alice Kaijage, Reuben Muta, Peter Muhoka, Merckris Mango, Peter Kisenge, Bashir Nyangasa, Pedro Pallangyo, Delillah Kimambo, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Metastatic cardiac tumors are far more common than primary tumors. Although the hematogenous spread of osteosarcoma is well known, the imaging findings of cardiovascular involvement by osteosarcoma are seldom reported and can be difficult to recognize. CASE PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old man of African descent presented to our center complaining of shortness of breath, awareness of heart beats, easy fatigability, swelling of lower limbs, and left-side chest discomfort for the past 6 months getting worse for the last 3 months prior to his third readmission...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606402/clinical-histological-and-radiological-responses-to-methylprednisolone-in-hiv-associated-rod-myopathy
#14
André M S Silva, Rodrigo H Mendonça, Cristiane A M Moreno, Eduardo P Estephan, Paulo V P Helito, Mary S Carvalho, Edmar Zanoteli
Skeletal muscle involvement as a neurologic manifestation in individuals with HIV is rare, especially as rod myopathy. We describe a 41-year-old male with HIV infection who presented progressive proximal muscle weakness and limb-girdle atrophy. A muscle magnetic resonance image showed bilateral fatty infiltration and post-contrast enhancement in the arm and thigh muscles. The muscle biopsy revealed intracytoplasmic aggregates with appearance of nemaline rod bodies with Gomori trichrome staining and electron microscopy in most fibers...
May 12, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593576/treatment-of-osgood-schlatter-disease-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
E Circi, Y Atalay, T Beyzadeoglu
BACKGROUND: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a self-limiting condition which occurs commonly in adolescence. PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to review published literature regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of OSD. METHODS: A search of the literature was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS databases between 1962 and 2016 for pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease...
June 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587998/clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-two-chinese-families-with-vitamin-d-dependent-rickets-type-ia-and-follow-up
#16
Chen Ruimin, Li Yunfei, Yuan Xin, Lin Xiangquan, Yang Xiaohong, Zhang Ying
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D-dependent rickets type IA (VDDR-IA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the early onset of severe rickets. The objectives of this study were twofold: 1) to analyze the clinical characteristics and therapy of two patients with VDDR-IA from two separate Chinese family, and 2) investigate the CYP27B1 gene in two large pedigrees. METHODS: Medical history, clinical manifestations, physical examination, radiological findings and laboratory data were analyzed from two patients with VDDR-IA...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576700/tumoral-calcinosis-diffuse-multifocal-form-in-hemodialysis-patients-two-case-reports
#17
D Ibrahim Montasser, J Issouani, Mohamed Hassani, D Kabbaj
Orthopedic surgeons are often consulted for diagnosis of MASS (mitral valve prolapse, aortic enlargement, skin and skeletal findings) syndrome, imaging showing periarticular calcification, or joint stiffness. Such presentations in a dialyzed patient should suggest tumoral calcinosis, which is a rare complication of dialysis, often diagnosed wrongly or late. It is often associated with calcium phosphate balance disorder, in which treatment is difficult and must take account of known contributing factors: severe hyperparathyroidism, increased phosphocalcic product, therapeutic calcium and vitamin D overload, and bone turnover slowed for varying reasons...
May 30, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558999/massive-osteochondral-lesion-of-the-talus-in-a-skeletally-immature-patient-associated-with-a-tarsal-coalition-and-valgus-hindfoot
#18
Pablo A I Slullitel, Maria L Tripodi, Santiago T Bosio, Miguel Puigdevall, Rubén Maenza
Rarely, osteochondral lesions of the talus occur without a history of trauma. Accurate interpretation of the mechanical load distributions onto the ankle leading to potential atraumatic cartilage damage must always be studied. The published data on the optimal treatment of talar osteochondral lesions in skeletally immature patients are scarce, especially when the lesions are associated with hindfoot malalignment. We describe the case of a pediatric female with an atraumatic osteochondral lesion of the talus associated with a talocalcaneal coalition and a valgus hindfoot, which we consider the first case to be reported...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546996/a-mutation-creating-an-upstream-initiation-codon-in-the-sox9-5-utr-causes-acampomelic-campomelic-dysplasia
#19
Anna E von Bohlen, Johann Böhm, Ramona Pop, Diana S Johnson, John Tolmie, Ralf Stücker, Deborah Morris-Rosendahl, Gerd Scherer
BACKGROUND: Campomelic dysplasia (CD) is a semilethal developmental disorder caused by mutations in and around SOX9. CD is characterized by multiple skeletal malformations including bending (campomelia) of long bones. Surviving patients frequently have the acampomelic form of CD (ACD). METHODS: This is a single case report on a patient with clinical and radiological features of ACD who has no mutation in the SOX9 protein-coding sequence nor a translocation with breakpoint in the SOX9 regulatory domain...
May 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540519/progeria-an-extremely-unusual-disorder
#20
Gurnihal Singh Chawla, Purva Mahesh Agrawal, Avinash Dhok
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, also known as progeria, is an extremely rare disorder with an incidence rate of 1 in 8 million. It occurs sporadically, and patients suffering from this syndrome usually exhibit premature ageing. It has an autosomal recessive inheritance with a slight male predominance. The affected children usually die early with an average life span of 13.4 years. The most common cause of death in such patients is a cardio-vascular abnormality such as myocardial infarction. We present a rare case of progeria in an 8-year-old boy who was diagnosed clinically and was referred to our department for a skeletal survey...
August 2017: Skeletal Radiology
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