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Pulmonary embolism treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545283/-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-thrombolytic-treatment-with-reteplase-in-patients-with-intermediate-risk-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#1
H G Zhao, S X Wang, Z N Lu, X X Yan, Z C Lyu, F H Peng, Y Wu, X Gao, L Hua, Z C Jing, X Q Xu
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of thrombolytic treatment with reteplase in patients with intermediate-risk acute pulmonary embolism. Methods: Ten consecutive patients with intermediate-risk acute pulmonary embolism who received thrombolytic treatment with reteplase at Thrombosis and Vascular Medicine Center, Fuwai Hospital from March to November in 2016 were included.Vital signs, right ventricular diameter, systolic pulmonary artery pressure, and biochemical markers were assessed before and after thrombolytic therapy with reteplase, and bleeding complications were also observed during 3 months follow up...
April 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542233/is-survival-improved-by-the-use-of-niv-and-peg-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-a-post-mortem-study-of-80-als-patients
#2
Christian Burkhardt, Christoph Neuwirth, Andreas Sommacal, Peter M Andersen, Markus Weber
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) are guideline-recommended interventions for symptom management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their effect on survival is controversial and the impact on causes of death is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NIV and PEG on survival and causes of death in ALS patients. METHODS: Eighty deceased ALS patients underwent a complete post mortem analysis for causes of death between 2003 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538190/post-traumatic-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Amine Chakroun, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Mohamed Amine Harrathi, Walid Naija
INTRODUCTION: Post traumatic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a rare and not well described entity with nonspecific clinical presentation. It remains a therapeutic challenge in traumatic context because of haemorrhagic risk due to anticoagulation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of IVC thrombosis in an 18 year-old man who presented with liver injury following a traffic crash. The thrombosis was incidentally diagnosed on admission by computed tomography...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536870/benign-metastasizing-leiomyomas-following-myomectomy-and-uterine-artery-embolization
#4
Jessica Yoon, James B Spies, Theresa M Caridi
Benign metastasizing leiomyomas (BMLs) are rare sequelae of common uterine leiomyomas and most frequently found in the lungs. Most cases of BMLs occur with a history of prior gynecologic procedures; however, none have yet been reported in association with uterine artery embolization (UAE). This case report highlights the disease course for a 48-yo female with a history of both myomectomy and UAE for uterine fibroids who presented later with bilateral pulmonary BMLs. Though the pathophysiology of BMLs is poorly understood and this case is confounded by prior myomectomy, it does bring into question whether UAE has a role in BML development...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536210/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-sirs-and-a-left-bundle-branch-block-lbbb-due-to-nitrofurantoin
#5
Susheer Dilbagh Gandotra, Mariola A Smotrys, Darshan B Patel, Akash Chadha
We present a case of a 74-year-old woman, who was on nitrofurantoin treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI), with fever and chills 7 hours after taking nitrofurantoin. She was hospitalised and evaluated for worsening UTI and sepsis. Initially, it appeared to be secondary to post-UTI sepsis because of possible resistant infection or conditions like pulmonary embolism or acute hepatitis. The patient also developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome, left bundle branch block (LBBB), thrombocytopaenia and transaminitis...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530488/the-effect-of-angiojet-rheolytic-thrombectomy-in-the-endovascular-treatment-of-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#6
Mert Dumantepe, Ibrahim Uyar
Objective To evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy in patients with acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. Method Sixty-eight consecutive patients with acute massive lower extremity deep venous thrombosis were included in this retrospective study. A percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy device (Angiojet ® Rheolytic thrombectomy catheter, Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) was used in all patients in an angiography suite through ipsilateral popliteal vein access...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528258/epidemiology-and-management-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-experience-from-two-expert-centers
#7
Maria Anna Bazmpani, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Maria Toumpourleka, Georgia Pitsiou, Evaggelia Panagiotidou, Sophia Anastasia Mouratoglou, Georgios Sianos, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Antonios Pitsis, Eckhard Mayer, Ioannis Stanopoulos, Haralambos Karvounis, George Giannakoulas
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, distinct pulmonary vascular disease, and, therefore, there is lack of data regarding its clinical presentation, diagnosis and management at a national basis. Our objective was to describe the demographics and management of CTEPH patients in Northern Greece. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study with a joint collaboration from two pulmonary hypertension expert centers in Greece and included patients diagnosed with CTEPH...
May 17, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525830/outpatient-management-of-pulmonary-embolism
#8
REVIEW
P-M Roy, T Moumneh, A Penaloza, O Sanchez
Despite clear potential benefits of outpatient care, most patients suffering from pulmonary embolism (PE) are currently hospitalized due to the fear of possible adverse events. Nevertheless, some teams have increased or envisage to increase outpatient treatment or early discharge. We performed a narrative systematic review of studies published on this topic. We identified three meta-analyses and 23 studies, which involved 3671 patients managed at home (n=3036) or discharged early (n=535). Two main different approaches were applied to select patients eligible for outpatient in recent prospective studies, one based on a list of pragmatic criteria as the HESTIA rule, the other adding severity criteria (i...
May 4, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501724/different-manifestations-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-younger-compared-to-older-patients-clinical-presentation-prediction-rules-and-long-term-outcomes
#9
Izabela E Kiluk, Agnieszka Krajewska, Urszula Kosacka, Agnieszka Tycińska, Robert Milewski, Włodzimierz Musiał, Bożena Sobkowicz
PURPOSE: Data concerning specific manifestations of pulmonary embolism (PE) among younger patients are scarce. We aimed to evaluate differences in clinical presentation, PE prediction rules, thrombolytic treatment use and PE outcomes in younger (<50 years of age) compared to older patients. MATERIAL/METHODS: We studied 238 consecutive patients with proven PE who were retrospectively categorized into three PE probability subgroups according to the revised Geneva score (RGS) and Wells score (WS)...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501664/systemic-thrombolytic-therapy-and-catheter-directed-fragmentation-with-local-thrombolytic-therapy-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#10
Julia Klevanets, Vladimir Starodubtsev, Pavel Ignatenko, Olga Voroshilina, Pavel Ruzankin, Andrey Karpenko
The objective was to compare immediate and long-term results of systemic thrombolytic therapy (STT) and catheter-directed fragmentation (CDF) with local thrombolytic therapy (LTT) in patients with massive pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: 209 patients with massive PE (the high risk of early death) were included in our study. From 2008 till 2010 in the first group (n=102) STT was performed. From 2011 till 2013 in the second group (n=107) CDF with LTT was carried out. Echocardiography and pulmonary arteriography were performed in all patients on admission to hospital and in 5 days after treatment...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501315/endovascular-stenting-for-end-stage-lung-cancer-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-post-first-line-treatments-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#11
Tzu-Ting Kuo, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a major complication that occurs when a growing lung malignancy compresses the SVC extrinsically. Current treatment options include radiotherapy or chemotherapy to shrink the tumor or endovascular stenting of the SVC to restore flow. Herein, we report a case series treated in a single institution to demonstrate the safety, effectiveness, and outcomes of salvage and primary stenting for malignant SVC obstruction. METHODS: A total of 12 male patients with malignant superior vena cava obstruction caused by lung cancer underwent SVC stenting from October 2009 to May 2015...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498107/ultrasound-assisted-thrombolysis-of-an-occluded-transjugular-portosystemic-shunt
#12
Nicholas Hilliard, Teik Choon See, Nadeem Shaida
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) insertion is commonly performed for refractory ascites or variceal bleeding. However, TIPS dysfunction can be seen in both early and late settings, with shunt thrombosis a particular problem. Treatment of shunt dysfunction commonly involves angioplasty and re-lining, with or without embolectomy, mechanical thrombectomy, or thrombolysis. Ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis has been shown to be successful for treatment of pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, and peripheral arterial thromboembolism, but has not been described before for TIPS occlusion...
May 12, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495498/venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-pemphigus-a-cohort-study
#13
Yael Anne Leshem, Lihi Atzmony, Israel Dudkiewicz, Emmilia Hodak, Daniel Mimouni
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been reported to be a significant cause of death in patients with pemphigus. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the incidence and characteristics of VTE in patients with pemphigus. METHODS: A retrospective study following a cohort of 172 patients with newly diagnosed pemphigus for the development of VTE was conducted. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up time of 4 years, 10 patients (6%) had development of VTE at a median of 4 months from pemphigus diagnosis...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495248/clinical-benefits-echocardiographic-and-mri-assessment-after-pulmonary-sequestration-treatment
#14
Francesco Borgia, Francesca Santamaria, Carmine Mollica, Felice Mongiello, Francesca Esposito, Gaetano Palma, Luca Botta, Silvia Montella, Bruno Trimarco, Antonio Rapacciuolo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore systematically procedural results, clinical benefits with echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment of pulmonary sequestration percutaneous treatment. METHODS: 13 consecutive infants and children with diagnosis of isolated pulmonary sequestration (PS) had percutaneous closure of the aberrant artery supplying pulmonary sequestration between 2010 and 2015. By protocol, echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment was performed before and respectively at 6-12months and 1year with the aim to study the effects of embolization on heart volume overload and regression of pulmonary sequestration...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495240/risk-factors-for-pulmonary-complication-following-operative-fixation-of-spine-fractures
#15
Douglas S Weinberg, Brian Z Hedges, Jonathan E Belding, Timothy A Moore, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies have suggested pulmonary complications are common among patients undergoing fixation for traumatic spine fractures. This leads to prolonged hospital stay, worse functional outcomes, and increased economic burden. However, only limited prognostic information exists regarding which patients are at greatest risk for pulmonary complications. PURPOSE: To identify factors predictive of perioperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing fixation of spine fractures...
May 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494978/post-operative-chylothorax-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Jill J Savla, Maxim Itkin, Joseph W Rossano, Yoav Dori
BACKGROUND: Post-operative chylothorax in patients with congenital heart disease is a challenging problem with substantial morbidity and mortality. Currently, the etiology of chylothorax is poorly understood and treatment options are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to report lymphatic imaging findings, determine the mechanism of chylothorax after cardiac surgery, and analyze the outcomes of lymphatic embolization. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 25 patients with congenital heart disease and post-operative chylothorax who presented for lymphatic imaging and intervention between July 2012 and August 2016...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491312/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-following-catatonia-vigilance-is-the-price-of-antipsychotic-prescription
#17
Thomas J Reilly, Sean Cross, David M Taylor, Richard Haslam, Sophie C Tomlin, Benjamin Gaastra
OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome following antipsychotic treatment of catatonia, highlighting the potentially serious complications of this rare adverse drug reaction. METHODS: We present a case report of a patient who developed this syndrome with various sequelae. RESULTS: The patient developed neuroleptic after being treated with lorazepam and olanzapine for catatonia. He subsequently developed the complications of rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, pulmonary embolism, urinary retention and ileus...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484534/acute-pulmonary-edema-and-thrombocytopenia-following-venous-air-embolism-during-sitting-position-neurosurgery
#18
Deepti Saigal, Pragati Ganjoo, Madhumita Tetarway, Kiranlata Kiro
Venous air embolism (VAE) is a well-known complication of sitting position neurosurgery which most characteristically manifests as mild to severe hemodynamic alterations. Development of pulmonary edema is a known, though infrequent, manifestation of VAE. We report here the occurrence of acute pulmonary edema without accompanying hemodynamic changes in a patient undergoing retromastoid craniotomy and tumor decompression in the sitting position. The patient required supportive treatment and elective ventilation for 11 days before the edema resolved...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483061/corrigendum-to-treatment-of-right-heart-thrombi-associated-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-american-journal-of-medicine-130-2017-588-595
#19
Deisy Barrios, Jeremy Chavant, David Jiménez, Laurent Bertoletti, Vladimir Rosa-Salazar, Alfonso Muriel, Alain Viallon, Carmen Fernández-Capitán, Roger D Yusen, Manuel Monreal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479425/thrombolytic-therapy-of-acute-massive-pulmonary-embolism-using-swan-ganz-pulmonary-artery-catheter
#20
Ilse Espina, Joseph Varon, Peter H Lin
Acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high fatality, and catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy has been shown to be an efficacious treatment for this condition. We herein report a patient who developed acute massive PE but could not undergo the conventional catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy. A Swan-Ganz pulmonary artery catheter was placed at bedside to initiate immediate thrombolytic infusion, which resulted in dramatic clinical improvement. This report underscores a potential role of thrombolytic therapy via a trans-jugular pulmonary artery catheter in patients with acute massive PE who could not undergo the conventional catheter-based thrombolytic intervention...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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