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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231694/exterior-egg-quality-as-affected-by-enrichment-resources-layout-in-furnished-laying-hen-cages
#1
Xiang Li, Donghua Chen, Fanyu Meng, Yingying Su, Lisha Wang, Runxiang Zhang, Jianhong Li, Jun Bao
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of enrichment resources (a perch, dustbath and nest) layout in furnished laying-hen cages (FC) on exterior quality of eggs. Methods: One hundred and sixty-eight (168) Hy-Line Brown laying hens at 16 weeks of age were randomly distributed to four treatments: small furnished cages (SFC), medium furnished cages type I (MFC-I), medium furnished cages type II (MFC-II), and medium furnished cages type III (MFC-III)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231689/are-children-with-asthma-in-south-korea-also-associated-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#2
Yu-Ri Kim, Sung-Chul Seo, Young Yoo, Ji Tae Choung
Recently, epidemiologic studies have shown that the lack of vitamin D levels may be associated with high asthma prevalence, but its effect is still controversial, depending on season, area, and food consumption. We aimed to examine the association of serum vitamin D levels with the prevalence of pediatric asthma in Korea. A total of 80 children (50 asthmatic children and 30 healthy controls) aged 6-14 years were participated in this study. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (vitamin D) levels were measured and compared between the two groups...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231688/study-on-removal-difference-in-indoor-particulate-matter-and-volatile-organic-compounds-through-application-of-the-plants
#3
Seung-Han Hong, Jiyeon Hong, Jihyeon Yu, Young-Wook Lim
This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of plants to purify indoor air by observing the effective reduction rate among pollutant types of particulate matter and volatile organic compounds. Particulate matter and four types of volatile organic compounds were measured in a new building that is less than 3 years old and under three different conditions: before applying the plant, after applying the plant, and a room without a plant. The removal rate of each pollutant type due to the plant was also compared and analyzed...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#5
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231680/-a-review-on-the-advancement-of-internet-based-public-health-surveillance-program
#6
Y Q Zhao, W J Ma
Internet data is introduced into public health arena under the features of fast updating and tremendous volume. Mining and analyzing internet data, researchers can model the internet-based surveillance system to assess the distribution of health-related events. There are two main types of internet-based surveillance systems, i.e. active and passive, which are distinguished by the sources of information. Through passive surveillance system, information is collected from search engine and social media while the active system gathers information through provision of the volunteers...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231676/-post-marketing-surveillance-of-tanreqing-injection-in-children-a-real-world-study
#7
X X Li, L Zhuo, Y H Yang, S Y Zhan, S D Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the safety of Tanreqing injection among children in the real world. Methods: A multicenter, large sample, ambispective cohort study, with registration-type clinical safety monitoring. A total of 6 188 inpatients and patients from the emergency units, aged ≤ 14 years who all had been using Tanreqing injection in 59 secondary and tertiary hospitals in China, were recruited between January, 2014 and May, 2015. The main outcomes would include incidence and severity of adverse drug reaction (ADR)/adverse drug event (ADE) of Tanreqing injection...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231675/-effect-of-gender-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Q P Xu, F He, Z Q Liu, W M Xiong, J B Lin, L Cai
Objective: To analyze the effect of gender on the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Data of 1 195 patients with NSCLC were analyzed by Chi-square, Kaplan-Meier, log-rank tests and Cox regression models. Results: Women had a longer survival than men (median overall survival 31.64 versus 22.71 months, P<0.01) in the participants of this study. Differences seen in overall survival remained the similar, after stratified by age, pathologic types, clinical stage, sizes, pleural effusion and surgery of the patients, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#9
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231665/-prognosis-and-related-risk-factors-for-465-subjects-infected-with-hepatitis-c-virus-in-danyang-jiangsu-province
#10
K Xu, C C Bao, J Wang, L G Zhu, J F Xu, H Peng, X J Zhai
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and viral load of persons infected with HCV and the risk factors for severe outcomes. Methods: Medical testing and questionnaire survey were conducted on 465 cases who were infected with HCV, 20-30 years back. HCV RNA, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), albumin, globulin and bilirubin were tested for these subjects. Factors as demography, tobacco and alcohol consumption, SNP of rs7453920 and rs2856718 on HLA-DQ gene of subjects with HCV RNA, were analyzed by multiple logistic regression method to explore the risk factors for severe outcomes among the patients...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#11
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231655/-study-on-the-situation-of-drug-use-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-in-the-chinese-communities-of-large-cities
#12
T Xiao, X Y Chen, N Wang, Q Zhao, C W Fu, B Xu
Objectives: To understand the medication being used among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Chinese communities of large cities. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and Guangzhou with the total number as 678 COPD cases who were continuously recruited. Subjects were face-to-face interviewed using a structured questionnaire and with medical records checked at the same time. All data were double entered into a database under EpiData 3.1, and analyzed by SAS 9...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231642/meniscal-transplants-and-scaffolds-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Sean Dangelmajer, Filippo Familiari, Roberto Simonetta, Mehmet Kaymakoglu, Gazi Huri
The reported incidence of meniscal tears is approximately 61 per 100,000. In instances where preservation of the native meniscus is no longer a feasible option, meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) and implants or scaffolds may be considered. The goal of this review was to compare the success and failure rates of two techniques, MAT and meniscal scaffolds, and make an inference which treatment is more preferable at the present time and future. Studies that met inclusion criteria were assessed for technique used, type of transplant used, number of procedures included in the study, mean age of patients, mean follow-up time, number of failures, failure rate, and reported reoperation rate...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231640/mind-the-gap-mechanisms-regulating-the-endothelial-barrier
#14
REVIEW
Mariya Y Radeva, Jens Waschke
The endothelial barrier consists of intercellular contacts localized in the cleft between endothelial cells, which is covered by the glycocalyx in a sieve-like manner. Both types of barrier-forming junctions, i.e. the adherens junction (AJ) serving mechanical anchorage and mechanotransduction and the tight junction (TJ) sealing the intercellular space to limit paracelullar permeability, are tethered to the actin cytoskeleton. Under resting conditions, the endothelium thereby builds a selective layer controlling the exchange of fluid and solutes with the surrounding tissue...
February 23, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231638/comparison-of-the-shock-absorption-capacities-of-different-mouthguards
#15
Melina Simonetta Bochnig, Min-Jung Oh, Theresa Nagel, Fred Ziegler, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this in vitro study the protective qualities of different mouthguard types were examined during small hard object collisions. The aim was to investigate inconclusive aspects of hard inserts, nylon nets and air spaces as reinforcements in the anterior region and the protection qualities of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different mouthguards with a labial thickness between 2 mm and 11 mm made of materials of varying stiffness were investigated...
February 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231625/experimental-study-on-1-25-oh-2-d3-amelioration-of-oral-lichen-planus-through-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Jie Du, Ran Li, Feiyan Yu, Fang Yang, Jinhua Wang, Qingyong Chen, Xiangyu Wang, Bin Zhao, Fang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective function of vitamin D (VD)/vitamin D receptor (VDR) on the development of oral lichen planus (OLP) and elaborate the underling mechanism of it. METHODS: H&E staining, myeloid Peroxidase (MPO) assays, quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blotting and Elisa were used to test the human biopsies and serum. QPCR, western blotting, Elisa and siRNA transfection were also performed in LPS-induced keratinocytes to observe the functions of vitamin D and VDR...
February 23, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#17
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231599/upper-limb-functionality-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-five-year-survival-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#18
Thaís Lunardi Recchia, Amably Cristiny Prim, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
Objective To evaluate the correlation between upper limb functionality and quality of life in women with five-year survival following breast cancer surgical treatment. The secondary objective was to evaluate the function of the ipsilateral upper limb and the quality of life in relation to the type of surgery and the presence of pain. Methods The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast plus Arm Morbidity (FACTB + 4) questionnaires were used to evaluate upper limb function and quality of life respectively...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231584/characteristics-of-sarcoidosis-in-patients-with-previous-malignancy-causality-or-coincidence
#19
Nissim Arish, Rottem Kuint, Eli Sapir, Liran Levy, Avraham Abutbul, Zvi Fridlender, Uri Laxer, Neville Berkman
BACKGROUND: The association between sarcoidosis and malignancy is poorly defined. Sarcoidosis can precede, be diagnosed concurrently with, or follow malignancy. OBJECTIVES: We describe the clinical and radiological features of patients with sarcoidosis following malignancy to determine whether this association is causal or coincidental. METHODS: We performed a search for all patients with confirmed sarcoidosis following malignancy in our institution during 2001-2015...
February 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231574/biomarkers-in-allergic-airway-disease-simply-complex
#20
Adam M Chaker, Ulrich M Zissler, Martin Wagenmann, Carsten Schmidt-Weber
Clinical diagnoses of allergic airway disease need confirmation of a relevant sensitization to allergens. Serum-based component-resolved diagnosis has become increasingly popular and allows the precise assessment of specific IgE to molecular allergens. Molecular allergen diagnosis has improved our understanding of disease phenotypes in allergic patients, including cross-reactive patterns and food allergy. Beyond sensitization profiles, characterization of the (endo-)type and severity of a local allergic disease is useful for targeted therapy with biologics in advanced allergic airway disease...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
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