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Adolescent alcohol use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#1
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658755/interparental-conflict-and-long-term-adolescent-substance-use-trajectories-the-role-of-adolescent-threat-appraisals
#2
Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Although interparental conflict (IPC) has been linked directly and indirectly (via adolescents' appraisals) with a wide range of adolescent outcomes, little is known about the implications of IPC and related adolescent threat appraisals for substance use. Drawing on the cognitive-contextual framework, we test competing hypotheses about how IPC may impact adolescent substance use outcomes, specifically testing whether (a) threat appraisals are directly related to escalation in alcohol and tobacco use over adolescence, or (b) threat appraisals are indirectly associated with substance use through their impact on adolescent internalizing problems...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656918/proximity-to-liquor-stores-and-adolescent-alcohol-intake-a-prospective-study
#3
Georgina S A Trapp, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional studies have reported associations between liquor store availability and alcohol use among adolescents, but few prospective studies have confirmed this association. The aim of this study was to examine whether proximity to liquor stores at age 14 years was associated with alcohol intake at ages 14, 17, and 20 years. METHODS: Participants of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study (n=999) self-reported alcohol intake at age 14 years (early adolescence, 2003-2005); age 17 years (middle adolescence, 2006-2008); and age 20 years (late adolescence, 2009-2011)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656915/substance-use-and-suicide-in-pacific-islander-american-indian-and-multiracial-youth
#4
Andrew M Subica, Li-Tzy Wu
INTRODUCTION: National estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents. METHODS: Analyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991-2015 Combined National Youth Behavioral Risk Surveys estimated (1) prevalence of lifetime and current (past 30-day) substance use, past 12-month depressed mood, and suicidality by racial group; and (2) AORs for depressed mood and suicidality regressed on current alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656865/when-and-how-do-brief-alcohol-interventions-in-primary-care-reduce-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-consequences-among-adolescents
#5
Amanda S Newton, Christopher Mushquash, Marvin Krank, T Cameron Wild, Michele P Dyson, Lisa Hartling, Sherry H Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To systematically describe when and how brief alcohol interventions delivered to adolescents in primary care settings reduce alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences among adolescents, using realist review methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Eleven electronic databases, gray literature, and reference screening were searched up to June 2016; 11 brief interventions published in 13 studies met inclusion criteria. Intervention design components (delivery context and intervention mechanisms) underlying brief alcohol interventions for adolescents were extracted and linked to alcohol use and related consequences...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653433/mindfulness-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-alcohol-use-and-consequences
#6
Emma I Brett, Hannah C Espeleta, Susanna V Lopez, Eleanor L S Leavens, Thad R Leffingwell
One-third of college students report past-year heavy episodic drinking, making college student alcohol use an important area for continued research. Research has consistently linked early experiences of adversity to problematic substance use in adolescence and adulthood. Given the negative health consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking, it is imperative to identify mechanisms that contribute to this relation. Low levels of mindfulness have been linked to early adversity as well as impulsivity and alcohol use, therefore, the current study aims to examine the mediating role of mindfulness in the relation between early adversity and current alcohol use and consequences...
April 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652948/-psychoactive-substances-use-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-adolescents
#7
Fabiola Vilugrón Aravena, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Temístocles Molina G, María Eugenia Gras Pérez, Silvia Font-Mayolas
Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652664/alcohol-use-in-adolescence-5-years-admissions-at-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Marlene Rodrigues, Teresa Pontes, Juliana Almeida, Alexandra Estrada, Susana Carvalho
Objective To characterize the profile and pattern of alcohol consumption in adolescents, admitted with acute alcoholic intoxication (AAI) at a pediatric emergency department of North Portugal. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years, admitted with AAI between 2012 and 2016. The following variables were evaluated: age, gender, drinking context, quantity and type of alcohol, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), previous episodes, associated injuries, transport to the emergency department, other drug consumption, blood alcohol level (BAL), blood glucose level, treatment and orientation...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652552/do-classes-of-polysubstance-use-in-adolescence-differentiate-growth-in-substances-used-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#9
Gabriel J Merrin, Bonnie Leadbeater
BACKGROUND: Past studies have differentiated classes of polysubstance use in adolescence, however, the associations of adolescent polysubstance use classes with longitudinal substance use trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined substance use classes during adolescence and longitudinal trajectories of each substance used across the transition to young adulthood. METHOD: Data were collected biennially from 662 youth and followed 10 years across six measurement assessments...
April 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652181/trends-and-substance-use-associations-with-e-cigarette-use-in-us-adolescents
#10
Kelly A Curran, Thad Burk, Paulette D Pitt, Amy B Middleman
Concerns exist that e-cigarette use may introduce adolescents to drugs. This study explores trends and associations of inhaled tobacco use with drug use. We performed a secondary data analysis on the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey examining the inhaled tobacco and drug use patterns among US teens. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated using bivariate and multivariate analyses between inhaled tobacco use with other drug use, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and gender. When adjusting for gender, age, and race/ethnicity, teens who use only e-cigarettes had a higher odds than peers who do not use any inhaled tobacco products to have ever tried marijuana or alcohol, currently use marijuana or alcohol, have lifetime drug use, and misused prescription medications...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#11
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644935/longitudinal-prospective-associations-between-psychological-symptoms-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife
#12
Noora J Berg, Olli H Kiviruusu, Tomi P Lintonen, Taina M Huurre
AIM: This study examined whether development of psychological symptoms (PS) differed between persons with different longitudinal profiles of heavy episodic drinking (HED) from adolescence to midlife. In addition, the reciprocal associations between PS and HED were studied. METHODS: Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at age 16 ( N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 ( N = 1656), 32 ( N = 1471), and 42 ( N = 1334). HED was assessed with frequency of intoxication (16-22 years) and having six or more drinks in a session (32-42 years)...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644783/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-and-psychosocial-distress-in-german-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-aya
#13
Kristina Geue, Elmar Brähler, Hermann Faller, Martin Härter, Holger Schulz, Joachim Weis, Uwe Koch, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: This study provides prevalence data of mental disorders (four-week, one-year, lifetime) and psychological distress in AYAs with cancer. METHODS: We included an AYA-subsample (15 to 39 year olds; diagnosed within the last 5 years) extracted from a larger sample (4.020 cancer patients) who had been recruited for an epidemiological study across all major tumor entities. Participants were assessed with a depression screener (PHQ-9). Following that, 50% of the participants who scored below the cutoff of 9 and all patients who scored above were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for Oncology (CIDI-O)...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643762/persistent-adult-neuroimmune-activation-and-loss-of-hippocampal-neurogenesis-following-adolescent-ethanol-exposure-blockade-by-exercise-and-the-anti-inflammatory-drug-indomethacin
#14
Ryan P Vetreno, Colleen J Lawrimore, Pamela J Rowsey, Fulton T Crews
Alcohol abuse and binge drinking are common during adolescence, a developmental period characterized by heightened neuroplasticity. Animal studies reveal that adolescent ethanol exposure decreases hippocampal neurogenesis that persists into adulthood, but the mechanism remains to be fully elucidated. Using a rodent model of adolescent intermittent ethanol (AIE; 5.0 g/kg, i.g., 2-days on/2-days off from postnatal day [P]25 to P55), we tested the hypothesis that AIE-induced upregulation of neuroimmune signaling contributes to the loss of hippocampal neurogenesis in adulthood...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643156/indecho-study-cohort-study-investigating-birth-size-childhood-growth-and-young-adult-cardiovascular-risk-factors-as-predictors-of-midlife-myocardial-structure-and-function-in-south-asians
#15
Senthil K Vasan, Ambuj Roy, Viji Thomson Samuel, Belavendra Antonisamy, Santosh K Bhargava, Anoop George Alex, Bhaskar Singh, Clive Osmond, Finney S Geethanjali, Fredrik Karpe, Harshpal Sachdev, Kanhaiya Agrawal, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Nihal Thomas, Prasanna S Premkumar, Prrathepa Asaithambi, Sneha F X Princy, Sikha Sinha, Thomas Vizhalil Paul, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Caroline H D Fall
INTRODUCTION: South Asians have high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia and central obesity). Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction are features of these disorders and important predictors of CVD mortality. Lower birth and infant weight and greater childhood weight gain are associated with increased adult CVD mortality, but there are few data on their relationship to LV function. The IndEcho study will examine associations of birth size, growth during infancy, childhood and adolescence and CVD risk factors in young adulthood with midlife cardiac structure and function in South Asian Indians...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#16
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628533/alone-on-the-inside-the-impact-of-social-isolation-and-helping-others-on-aod-use-and-criminal-activity
#17
Byron R Johnson, Maria E Pagano, Matthew T Lee, Stephen G Post
Because addiction is a socially isolating disease, social support for recovery is an important element of treatment planning. This study examines the relationship between social isolation, giving and receiving social support in Alcoholics Anonymous during treatment, and post-treatment outcomes among juvenile offenders court-referred to addiction treatment. Adolescents ( N = 195) aged 14 to 18 years were prospectively assessed at treatment admission, treatment discharge, 6 months, and 12 months after treatment discharge...
2018: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627912/violent-behaviors-weapon-carrying-and-firearm-homicide-trends-in-african-american-adolescents-2001-2015
#18
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents since 2007...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626363/smartphone-addiction-risk-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-adolescents
#19
Jee Eun Chung, Soo An Choi, Ki Tai Kim, Jeong Yee, Joo Hee Kim, Jin Won Seong, Jong Mi Seong, Ju Young Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Hye Sun Gwak
AIM: Smartphone overuse can cause not only mobility problems in the wrists, fingers and neck but also interference with sleep habits. However, research on smartphone addiction and sleep disturbances is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate daytime sleepiness in association with smartphone addiction risk in Korean adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey method was used in this study. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale was used to assess daytime sleepiness, and the Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale index was used to evaluate the degree of risk for smartphone addiction...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624111/synthetic-and-other-drug-use-among-high-school-students-the-role-of-perceived-prevalence-access-and-harms
#20
Katrina J Debnam, Shonali Saha, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Synthetic and other drugs have become available to teens, yet little is known about risk factors of use. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescent use of one class of synthetic drugs and its association with perceptions about its prevalence, access, and risk of substance use. METHODS: Adolescents from a convenience sample of 104 middle and high schools (N = 59,218) participated in an anonymous survey to assess school climate and substance use in 2013-2014...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
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