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Adolescent alcohol use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731863/screening-adolescents-for-alcohol-use-tracking-practice-trends-of-massachusetts-pediatricians
#1
Sharon Levy, Rosemary E Ziemnik, Sion K Harris, Lily Rabinow, Louise Breen, Christina Fluet, Heather Strother, John H Straus
OBJECTIVES: Substance use screening is a recommended component of routine healthcare for adolescents. A 2008 survey of Massachusetts primary care physicians found high rates of screening, but low rates of validated tool use, leading to the concern that physicians may be missing substance use-related problems and disorders. In an effort to improve practice, a cross-disciplinary group developed and distributed an adolescent screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment toolkit in 2009...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-four-to-six-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#2
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in four- to six-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N=329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching one of 12 depicted beverages (four alcoholic; eight non-alcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#3
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729196/legalization-of-cannabis-considerations-for-intervening-with-adolescent-consumers
#4
Denise D Walker
Eight states and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis for adults and more are expected to follow suit. After alcohol, cannabis is the most commonly used drug by adolescents. Consumption of this drug during this developmental period poses unique risks. Therefore, attention must be paid both to how legalization affects adolescents and how tailored interventions can effectively address their needs for assistance. This commentary offers considerations for how legalization might be crafted so as to benefit adolescents...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728637/drinking-location-and-drinking-culture-and-their-association-with-alcohol-use-among-girls-and-boys-in-europe
#5
Bettina Grüne, Daniela Piontek, Pawel Sleczka, Ludwig Kraus, Oliver Pogarell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) investigate the relationship between drinking location and adolescent alcohol use, (b) analyze the association of drinking culture indicators with alcohol use, and (c) explore interaction effects of drinking location and drinking culture indicators. METHOD: Analyses were based on the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). The analytical sample consisted of 15- to 16-year-old students (N = 36,366; 51...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728634/prospective-effects-of-parenting-on-substance-use-and-problems-across-asian-pacific-islander-and-european-american-youth-tests-of-moderated-mediation
#6
Jeremy W Luk, Kevin M King, Carolyn A McCarty, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
OBJECTIVE: Parental warmth and knowledge are protective factors against substance use, whereas parental psychological control is a risk factor. However, the interpretation of parenting and its effects on developmental outcomes may vary cross-culturally. This study examined direct and indirect effects of three parenting dimensions on substance use across Asian/Pacific Islander (API) and European Americans. METHOD: A community sample of 97 API and 255 European Americans were followed from Grades 6 to 12...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726580/high-intensity-and-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-high-school-seniors-in-the-u-s
#7
Megan E Patrick, Philip T Veliz, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use poses threats to health, particularly among adolescents. These risks would be exacerbated to the extent that high-intensity drinking (e.g., 10+ drinks in a row) and marijuana use (e.g., 1+ joints per day) are associated with a higher likelihood of SAM use. The current study examines the extent to which the intensity of alcohol use and of marijuana use are associated with adolescent SAM use prevalence, and whether associations remain after controlling for key covariates known to associate with both alcohol and marijuana use; it identifies alcohol and marijuana use intensity levels associated with the highest risk of adolescent SAM use...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726525/working-memory-capacity-and-addiction-treatment-outcomes-in-adolescents
#8
Jon M Houck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND: Brief addiction treatments including motivational interviewing (MI) have shown promise with adolescents, but the factors that influence treatment efficacy in this population remain unknown. One candidate is working memory, the ability to hold a fact or thought in mind. This is relevant, as in therapy, a client must maintain and manipulate ideas while working with a clinician. Working memory depends upon brain structures and functions that change markedly during neurodevelopment and that can be negatively impacted by substance use...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#9
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#10
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715777/regular-cannabis-and-alcohol-use-is-associated-with-resting-state-time-course-power-spectra-in-incarcerated-adolescents
#11
Sandra Thijssen, Barnaly Rashid, Shruti Gopal, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Cannabis and alcohol are believed to have widespread effects on the brain. Although adolescents are at increased risk for substance use, the adolescent brain may also be particularly vulnerable to the effects of drug exposure due to its rapid maturation. Here, we examined the association between cannabis and alcohol use duration and resting-state functional connectivity in a large sample of male juvenile delinquents. The present sample was drawn from the Southwest Advanced Neuroimaging Cohort, Youth sample, and from a youth detention facility in Wisconsin...
July 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#12
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714725/intervention-effects-on-stage-transitions-for-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use-acquisition
#13
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The health impacts of smoking and alcohol abuse have been long established with smoking representing one of the most preventable causes of disease and alcohol use the most popular psychoactive substance among adolescents. The current study evaluated stage of change progression in a large (N = 4,158) school-based, computer-delivered, transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored multiple behavior intervention focused on preventing acquisition of smoking and alcohol use in adolescents. Assessments began in sixth grade and continued yearly until eighth grade, with a follow-up in ninth grade...
July 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714051/contributions-of-genes-and-environment-to-developmental-change-in-alcohol-use
#14
E C Long, B Verhulst, S H Aggen, K S Kendler, N A Gillespie
The precise nature of how genetic and environmental risk factors influence changes in alcohol use (AU) over time has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the nature of longitudinal changes in these risk factors to AU from mid-adolescence through young adulthood. Using a large sample of male twins, we compared five developmental models that each makes different predictions regarding the longitudinal changes in genetic and environmental risks for AU. The best-fitting model indicated that genetic influences were consistent with a gradual growth in the liability to AU, whereas unique environmental risk factors were consistent with an accumulation of risks across time...
July 17, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713313/the-burden-of-binge-and-heavy-drinking-on-the-brain-effects-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-neural-structure-and-function
#15
REVIEW
Anita Cservenka, Ty Brumback
Introduction: Adolescence and young adulthood are periods of continued biological and psychosocial maturation. Thus, there may be deleterious effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol on neural development and associated cognition during this time. The purpose of this mini review is to highlight neuroimaging research that has specifically examined the effects of binge and heavy drinking on adolescent and young adult brain structure and function. Methods: We review cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of young binge and heavy drinkers that have examined brain structure (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712595/health-related-issues-in-latina-youth-racial-ethnic-gender-and-generational-status-differences
#16
Geraldy Martin-Gutierrez, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life among Latina, African-American, and white females as well as Latino (male) youth in fifth grade, as well as differences related to immigrant generational status for Latinas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709516/social-relationships-and-the-sleep-health-nexus-in-adolescence-evidence-from-a-comprehensive-model-with-bi-directional-effects
#17
David J Maume
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the bi-directional effects of sleep and health (body mass index [BMI], depression, and substance use) among adolescents in the presence of comprehensive controls for social relationships and daily stressors and supports. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal survey designed and administered by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708935/testing-the-nicotine-dependence-measure-mftq-for-adolescent-smokers-a-multinational-investigation
#18
Alexander V Prokhorov, Georges E Khalil, Dawn W Foster, Salma K Marani, Michele Guindani, Jose P Espada, Maria T Gonzálvez, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Monika Arora, Abha Tewari, Richard Isralowitz, Punyarat Lapvongwatana, Natkamol Chansatitporn, Xinguang Chen, Hong Zheng, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As a measure of nicotine dependence among adolescent smokers, the modified Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (mFTQ; seven items), has been successfully used in the United States (USA). Nonetheless, the validity and reliability of mFTQ at the international level is still needed. The current study is the first to test the validity and reliability of mFTQ in four countries: Thailand, Spain, the USA, and Russia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, mFTQ, risk factors of nicotine dependence, and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed...
July 14, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704765/high-intensity-drinking-and-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-results-from-a-national-survey-of-12th-grade-students
#19
Sean Esteban McCabe, Philip Veliz, Megan E Patrick
BACKGROUND: Nearly 10% of U.S. 12th graders report high-intensity drinking (10+ or 15+ drinks in a row), but the extent to which these drinkers also engage in nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) is largely unknown. This study examined the associations between different thresholds of past two-week high-intensity drinking and past-month NMUPD among U.S. 12th graders. METHODS: The sample consisted of eleven nationally representative cross-sections of 12th graders in the Monitoring the Future study (2005-2015) who answered questions on past two-week drinking behaviors and past-month nonmedical use of prescription opioids, sedative, stimulants, and tranquilizers (N=26,502 respondents)...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701974/substance-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-bullying-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#20
Jorge Gaete, Bernardita Tornero, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Christina Salmivalli, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya
Being involved in bullying as a victim or perpetrator could have deleterious health consequences. Even though there is some evidence that bullies and victims of bullying have a higher risk for drug use, less is known about bystanders. The aim of this research was to study the association between bullying experience (as victims, bullies, or bystanders) and substance use. We gathered complete information from a nationally representative sample of 36,687 students (51.4% female) attending 756 schools in Chile. We used a self-reported questionnaire which was developed based on similar instruments used elsewhere...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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