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Adolescent alcohol use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242767/the-myriad-influences-of-alcohol-advertising-on-adolescent-drinking
#1
Benjamin L Berey, Cassidy Loparco, Robert F Leeman, Joel W Grube
Purpose of Review: This review investigates effects of alcohol advertising on adolescent drinking. Prior reviews focused on behavioral outcomes and long-term effects. In contrast, the present review focuses on subgroups with greater exposure to alcohol advertising, research methods to study alcohol advertising, potential mechanisms underlying relationships between adolescent exposure to alcohol advertising and increased drinking and points to prevention/intervention strategies that may reduce effects of alcohol advertising...
June 2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#2
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241653/synaptic-adaptations-to-chronic-ethanol-intake-in-male-rhesus-monkey-dorsal-striatum-depend-on-age-of-drinking-onset
#3
Verginia C Cuzon Carlson, Kathleen A Grant, David M Lovinger
One in 12 adults suffer with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Studies suggest the younger the age in which alcohol consumption begins the higher the probability of being diagnosed with AUD. Binge/excessive alcohol drinking involves a transition from flexible to inflexible behavior likely involving the dorsal striatum (caudate and putamen nuclei). A major focus of this study was to examine the effect of age of drinking onset on subsequent chronic, voluntary ethanol intake and dorsal striatal circuitry. Data from rhesus monkeys (n = 45) that started drinking as adolescents, young adults or mature adults confirms an age-related risk for heavy drinking...
December 12, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240887/associations-between-unemployment-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife-in-sweden-and-finland
#4
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Background: Unemployment and alcohol use have often been found to correlate and to act as risk factors for each other. However, only few studies have examined these associations at longitudinal settings extending over several life phases. Moreover, previous studies have mostly used total consumption or medical diagnoses as the indicator, whereas subclinical measures of harmful alcohol use, such as heavy episodic drinking (HED), have been used rarely. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between HED and unemployment from adolescence to midlife in two Nordic countries...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#5
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232644/past-15-year-trends-in-lifetime-cocaine-use-among-us-high-school-students
#6
Kristin E Schneider, Noa Krawczyk, Ziming Xuan, Renee M Johnson
BACKGROUND: Most recent research on adolescent drug use has focused on alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Less is known about the recent epidemiology of adolescent cocaine use, which has serious health consequences. PURPOSE: To describe recent trends in cocaine use by U.S. high school students, and identify differences in lifetime and repeated use across sex and racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We used data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) from 1999 to 2015...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231042/perceptions-of-harm-from-substance-use-and-social-self-efficacy-among-early-adolescents
#7
Keith J Zullig, Robert F Valois
Researchers examined the association between perceptions of harm from substance use and social self-efficacy (SSE) in a sample of early adolescents in public middle schools ( n = 4,122). One-way analysis of covariance and post hoc tests were used to assess the relationships between perceptions of harm from tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use and SSE while controlling for the effects of grade, sex, race, and socioeconomic status. Effect sizes were calculated from the post hoc comparisons to estimate practical importance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229017/adolescence-effortful-control-as-a-mediator-between-family-ecology-and-problematic-substance-use-in-early-adulthood-a-16-year-prospective-study
#8
Chung Jung Mun, Thomas J Dishion, Jenn-Yun Tein, Roy Otten
This study examined the mediated effect of early adolescence familial context on early adulthood problematic substance use through effortful control in late adolescence. The sample consisted of a community sample of 311 adolescents and their families comprising the control group within a randomized trial intervention. Parental monitoring and parent-child relationship quality (P-C RQ) were measured annually from ages 11 to 13. Effortful control was measured by self-reports and parent and teacher reports at ages 16 to 17...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228928/association-between-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-level-and-pulmonary-function-in-healthy-korean-adolescents-the-js-high-school-study
#9
Ji Hye Park, Seyeon Mun, Dong Phil Choi, Joo Young Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is associated with pulmonary function and pulmonary disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between HDL cholesterol and pulmonary function in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on data collected for the JS High School study. The analysis included 644 adolescents (318 male and 326 female) aged 15-16 years old and free from asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227839/medical-marijuana-laws-and-adolescent-use-of-marijuana-and-other-substances-alcohol-cigarettes-prescription-drugs-and-other-illicit-drugs
#10
Magdalena Cerdá, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Tianshu Feng, Katherine M Keyes, Sandro Galea, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: Historical shifts have taken place in the last twenty years in marijuana policy. The impact of medical marijuana laws (MML) on use of substances other than marijuana is not well understood. We examined the relationship between state MML and use of marijuana, cigarettes, illicit drugs, nonmedical use of prescription opioids, amphetamines, and tranquilizers, as well as binge drinking. METHODS: Pre-post MML difference-in-difference analyses were performed on a nationally representative sample of adolescents in 48 contiguous U...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227837/even-in-early-childhood-offspring-alcohol-expectancies-correspond-to-parental-drinking
#11
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Research has found that children as young as preschoolers have an idea about the valence (positive vs. negative) and activation (arousal vs. sedation) of emotional change when adults drink alcohol. The development of alcohol expectancies at such a young age may be due to observed parental alcohol use. METHODS: Three measures of alcohol use (frequency, quantity and binge drinking) assessed among 115 fathers and 149 mothers were correlated with four alcohol expectancy factors (crossing valence and activation) of their offspring, aged three to six (70 boys and 82 girls)...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227242/social-class-and-alcohol-use-by-youth-different-drinking-behaviors-different-associations
#12
Hilde Pape, Ingeborg Rossow, Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Thor Norström
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) is related to hazardous alcohol use in adults, and the association seems to be stronger for more deviant and harmful drinking behaviors. We examined whether a similar pattern was present among adolescents. METHOD: Data stem from a Norwegian school survey of 14- to 17-year-olds (n = 12,966; response rate in participating schools: 86%). Parental education (high/ middle vs. low) was our main SES indicator. The outcomes comprised lifetime and past-year drinking and intoxication, and past-year symptoms of excessive drinking...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227238/effects-of-family-conflict-and-anger-on-alcohol-use-among-american-indian-students-mediating-effects-of-outcome-expectancies
#13
Randall C Swaim, Linda R Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Identification of etiologic mechanisms underlying alcohol use among American Indian adolescents is essential because of higher rates of use and earlier initiation. One path links positive outcome expectancies to increased use for reduction of negative affect. This study estimates relationships between two aspects of distress among American Indian high school students-family conflict and anger-and alcohol involvement, and it investigates whether outcome expectancies serve as a mediator between these facets of distress and alcohol use...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227231/alcohol-policy-relevant-indicators-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#14
Charlotte Probst, Maristela Monteiro, Blake Smith, Roberta Caixeta, Aaron Merey, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed four alcohol policy indicators and their associations with adolescent alcohol use in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHOD: A secondary data analysis of nationally representative, cross-sectional data sets (years 2007-2013) from 26 Latin American and Caribbean countries was performed (N = 55,248 13- to 15-year-old students). Logistic regression models were used to analyze associations between alcohol policy relevant indicators and alcohol use, adjusting for the country and demographic variables...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226800/waterpipe-use-in-adolescents-in-northern-sweden-association-with-mental-well-being-and-risk-and-health-behaviours
#15
Rathi Ramji, Bengt B Arnetz, Maria Nilsson, Ywonne Wiklund, Hikmet Jamil, Wasim Maziak, Judy Arnetz
AIMS: There is a lack of studies examining the association between waterpipe smoking and mental well-being among adolescents. This study sought to determine whether waterpipe smoking is associated with mental well-being and other risk and health behaviours in adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 1006 adolescents in grades 9-12 (with a response rate of >95%), containing questions on measures of stress, mental energy and sleep. In addition, the questionnaire assessed risk and health behaviours, including use of a waterpipe, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snus, alcohol, narcotics, gambling and exercise...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225452/the-effects-of-perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-on-substance-use-among-youths-living-in-the-cherokee-nation
#16
Brady A Garrett, Bethany J Livingston, Melvin D Livingston, Kelli A Komro
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included (N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug misuse, and other illicit drug use. Experiences of perceived racial discrimination high in intensity were associated with further increased risk of prescription drug misuse and other illicit drug use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220120/efavirenz-is-related-to-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-among-adults-but-not-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-kilimanjaro-tanzania
#17
Marion Sumari-de Boer, Arnt Schellekens, Ashanti Duinmaijer, Julieth Munisi Lalashowi, Happiness Judical Swai, Quirijn de Mast, Andre van der Ven, Grace Kinabo
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between Efavirenz (EFV) and neuropsychiatric symptoms among adults and adolescents living with HIV in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among HIV-infected adults (age 18-65) and adolescents (age 12-17) on ART, attending Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Moshi, Tanzania. Neuropsychiatric symptoms were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
December 8, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218748/adolescent-non-drinkers-who-are-they-social-relations-school-performance-lifestyle-factors-and-health-behaviours
#18
Peter Larm, Cecilia Åslund, Jonas Raninen, Kent W Nilsson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Traditionally, non-drinking adults or young adults have been associated with health deficits rather than health benefits. However, as the proportion of Swedish non-drinking adolescents has doubled since 2000, their health profiles are of interest. The aim of the present study is to examine whether social relations, school characteristics, lifestyle factors or health behaviours distinguish adolescent non-drinkers from adolescent drinkers, and if their health profiles have changed from 2004 to 2012...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217724/correlation-of-impulsivity-with-self-harm-and-suicidal-attempt-a-community-study-of-adolescents-in-taiwan
#19
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Kuo-Yang Huang, Yu-Ching Chiu, Yen-Hsun Huang, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences and similarities in risk factors for deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal attempt (SA), and the role of impulsivity among a group of community adolescents. SETTING: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at high schools in Northern Taiwan. DATA AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited grade 1 students from 14 high schools. A total of 5879 participants (mean age 16.02 years, female adolescents: 57...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216850/adolescent-substance-use-behavior-and-suicidal-behavior-for-boys-and-girls-a-cross-sectional-study-by-latent-analysis-approach
#20
Peng-Wei Wang, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent suicidal behavior may consist of different symptoms, including suicidal ideation, suicidal planning and suicidal attempts. Adolescent substance use behavior may contribute to adolescent suicidal behavior. However, research on the relationships between specific substance use and individual suicidal behavior is insufficient, as adolescents may not use only one substance or develop only one facet of suicidal behavior. Latent variables permit us to describe the relationships between clusters of related behaviors more accurately than studying the relationships between specific behaviors...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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