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Adolescent alcohol use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452067/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-individuals-a-secondary-analysis-of-nhanes-2013-2014
#2
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452060/u-s-adolescent-alcohol-use-by-race-ethnicity-consumption-and-perceived-need-to-reduce-stop-use
#3
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Megan E Patrick
Understanding racial/ethnic drinking patterns and service provision preferences is critical for deciding how best to use limited alcohol prevention, intervention, and treatment resources. We used nationally representative data from 150,727 U.S. high school seniors from 2005 to 2016 to examine differences in a range of alcohol use behaviors and the felt need to reduce or stop alcohol use based on detailed racial/ethnic categories, both before and after controlling for key risk/protective factors. Native students reported particularly high use but corresponding high felt need to reduce/stop use...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452059/new-zealand-adolescents-concerns-about-their-alcohol-use-and-access-to-services-associations-with-ethnicity-and-other-factors
#4
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452050/pathways-linking-intergenerational-cultural-dissonance-and-alcohol-use-among-asian-american-youth-the-role-of-family-conflict-parental-involvement-and-peer-behavior
#5
Jeremy C Kane, Renee M Johnson, Derek K Iwamoto, David H Jernigan, Tracy W Harachi, Judith K Bass
A difference in degree of acculturation between immigrant parents and children, known as intergenerational cultural dissonance (ICD), is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol use. We used path analysis with 292 Vietnamese and Cambodian adolescents from immigrant families in the United States to measure potential mediators (family conflict, parental involvement/monitoring, association with deviant peers) of the ICD-alcohol use relationship. The hypothesized model was an adequate data fit among both groups. Among Cambodian adolescents, higher ICD levels significantly predicted increased family conflict, which in turn was associated with reduced parental involvement/monitoring, increased association with deviant peers, and a subsequently higher risk of alcohol use (p < ...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451414/comparing-methods-of-misclassification-correction-for-studies-of-adolescent-alcohol-use
#6
Melvin D Livingston, Brad Cannell, Keith Muller, Kelli A Komro
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns over measurement error, self-report continues to be the most common measure of adolescent alcohol use used by researchers. Objective measures of adolescent alcohol use continue to advance; however, they tend to be cost prohibitive for larger studies. By combining appropriate statistical techniques and validation subsamples, the benefits of objective alcohol measures can be made more accessible to a greater number of researchers. OBJECTIVES: To compare three easily implemented methods to correct for measurement error when objective measures of alcohol use are available for a subsample of participants, regression calibration, multiple imputation for measurement error (MIME), and probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA), and provide guidance regarding the use of each method in scenarios likely to occur in practice...
2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450883/adolescents-friendships-academic-achievement-and-risk-behaviors-same-behavior-and-cross-behavior-selection-and-influence-processes
#7
Mariola C Gremmen, Christian Berger, Allison M Ryan, Christian E G Steglich, René Veenstra, Jan K Dijkstra
This study examined to what extent adolescents' and their friends' risk behaviors (i.e., delinquency and alcohol use) hinder or promote their academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]), and vice versa. Longitudinal data were used (N = 1,219 seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents; M age = 13.69). Results showed that risk behaviors negatively affected adolescents' GPA, whereas GPA protected against engaging in risk behaviors. Moreover, adolescents tended to select friends who have similar behaviors and friends' behaviors became more similar over time (same-behavior selection and influence)...
February 16, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450250/association-between-drug-use-and-urban-violence-data-from-the-ii-brazilian-national-alcohol-and-drugs-survey-bnads
#8
Renata Rigacci Abdalla, Luciana Massaro, André de Queiroz Constantino Miguel, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Raul Caetano, Clarice S Madruga
Objective: To investigate the association of alcohol and cocaine use with urban violence (both as victim and as perpetrator) in a representative sample of the Brazilian population. Method: The Second Brazilian Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS) interviewed 4607 individuals aged 14 years and older from the Brazilian household population including an oversample of 1157 adolescents (14 to 18 years old). The survey gathered information on alcohol, tobacco and illegal substances use as well as on risk factors for abuse and dependence, behaviors associated with the use of substances and the possible consequences, as urban violence indicators...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450238/the-direct-and-indirect-effect-of-loneliness-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
Michael T McKay, Svenja Konowalczyk, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole
Alcohol use among adolescents in the United Kingdom (UK) remains relatively high compared to those in other European countries. The present study sought to examine both the direct and indirect effect of loneliness on drinking behavior. Participants were school children (mean age 13.5 years at Time 1) participating in a Randomized Controlled Trial in the UK, who completed a battery of questionnaires examining alcohol-use indicators, loneliness, self-efficacy and sensation seeking at Time 1 and at +12 months...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450232/predicting-early-onset-of-intoxication-versus-drinking-a-population-based-prospective-study-of-norwegian-adolescents
#10
Frøydis Enstad, Willy Pedersen, Wendy Nilsen, Tilmann von Soest
Aims: Recent research suggests that early onset of intoxication (EOI) may be of greater importance for a wide range of subsequent adverse outcomes than early drinking experiences without intoxication. However, research on antecedents of EOI is scarce. The present study identifies predictors of EOI and whether they differ from those of early onset of drinking (EOD). Methods: Data was drawn from the prospective Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study of Norwegian families ( n = 382), which followed up mothers and their children with six data collections from childhood (age 1...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449029/development-of-alcohol-expectancies-and-early-alcohol-use-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Koen Smit, Carmen Voogt, Marieke Hiemstra, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Emmanuel Kuntsche
PURPOSE: Developmental changes in alcohol expectancies (AE) have been proposed to lead to alcohol use initiation and later alcohol use in adolescence. This systematic review aims to provide longitudinal evidence of the development of AE and the relation of AE to alcohol outcomes from childhood to late adolescence (4-18 years old). METHODS: A computer-assisted search of relevant articles identified 1602 studies, of which 43 studies (conducted between 1996 and 2016) were selected...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448910/assessing-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-in-childhood-maltreatment-and-psychopathology-among-college-students-in-northern-ireland
#12
Susan Lagdon, Jana Ross, Martin Robinson, Ateka A Contractor, Ruby Charak, Cherie Armour
The detrimental impact of early trauma, particularly childhood maltreatment, on mental health is well documented. Although it is understood that social support can act as a protective factor toward mental health for children who experience such adversity, few studies have addressed the experience of childhood maltreatment and the important function of social support in adulthood. The current study aimed to assess the mediating role of social support in the relationship between childhood experiences of maltreatment and mental health outcomes including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and problematic alcohol use in a sample of university students ( N = 640) from Northern Ireland...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448234/gene-expression-changes-in-the-ventral-hippocampus-and-medial-prefrontal-cortex-of-adolescent-alcohol-preferring-p-rats-following-binge-like-alcohol-drinking
#13
Jeanette N McClintick, William J McBride, Richard L Bell, Zheng-Ming Ding, Yunlong Liu, Xiaoling Xuei, Howard J Edenberg
Binge drinking of alcohol during adolescence is a serious public health concern with long-term consequences, including decreased hippocampal and prefrontal cortex volume and deficits in memory. We used RNA sequencing to assess the effects of adolescent binge drinking on gene expression in these regions. Male adolescent alcohol-preferring (P) rats were exposed to repeated binge drinking (three 1-h sessions/day during the dark/cycle, 5 days/week for 3 weeks starting at 28 days of age; ethanol intakes of 2.5-3 g/kg/session)...
September 14, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447333/corrigendum-alcohol-use-in-adolescence-and-later-working-memory-findings-from-a-large-population-based-birth-cohort
#14
Liam Mahedy, Matt Field, Suzanne Gage, Gemma Hammerton, Jon Heron, Matt Hickman, Marcus R Munafò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446116/does-integrated-academic-and-health-education-prevent-substance-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#15
REVIEW
G J Melendez-Torres, T Tancred, A Fletcher, J Thomas, R Campbell, C Bonell
BACKGROUND: Prevention of substance (alcohol, tobacco, illegal/legal drug) use in adolescents is a public health priority. As the scope for school-based health education is constrained in school timetables, interventions integrating academic and health education have gained traction in the UK and elsewhere, though evidence for their effectiveness remains unclear. We sought to synthesize the effectiveness of interventions integrating academic and health education for the prevention of substance use...
February 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444746/using-marijuana-drinking-alcohol-or-a-combination-of-both-the-association-of-marijuana-alcohol-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-adolescents
#16
Erik D Storholm, Brett A Ewing, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Bradley D Stein, Lisa S Meredith, William G Shadel, Elizabeth J D'Amico
Background: Although the association between alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour has been well-documented, there is little understanding of whether marijuana use alone or combining marijuana with alcohol use contributes to sexual risk behaviour among adolescents. Methods: A diverse sample of sexually active adolescents (n = 616) aged 12-18 years (50.32% Hispanic; 31.17% Black) completed a survey on alcohol use, marijuana use and sexual risk behaviour during a visit to a primary care clinic. Results: Adolescents were more likely to report having had two or more sexual partners in the past 3 months if they reported using both alcohol and marijuana (OR=3...
February 15, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439190/disparities-in-injury-morbidity-among-young-adults-in-the-usa-individual-and-contextual-determinants
#17
Susanne Schmidt, P Johnelle Sparks
BACKGROUND: Injuries have been recognised as important public health concerns, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Few studies have examined injuries using a multilevel perspective that addresses individual socioeconomic status (SES) and health behaviours and local socioeconomic conditions in early adolescence. We offer a conceptual framework incorporating these various components. METHODS: We test our conceptual framework using population data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health Wave 4 when respondents were young adults and linked them to contextual level data from when they were middle-schoolers...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436898/attitudes-toward-tobacco-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisement-themes-among-adolescent-boys
#18
Katherine L Friedman, Megan E Roberts, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Katherine A Yates, Electra D Paskett, Micah L Berman, Michael D Slater, Bo Lu, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined what adolescents find appealing in tobacco and alcohol advertisements and how different themes in advertisements are used to manipulate consumer behaviors. Yet, we know little about the relationship between the themes portrayed in advertisements and youth attitudes towards those themes. OBJECTIVES: This study compared attitudes towards advertisements for different consumer products in a sample of urban and rural adolescent boys in order to examine how key marketing themes impact adolescent attitudes towards those advertisements...
February 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435591/effect-of-including-alcohol-and-cannabis-content-in-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Angela D Bryan, Renee E Magnan, Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Sarah J Schmiege
Importance: Adolescents in the juvenile justice system are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Concurrent use of alcohol and cannabis increase this risk. Objective: To determine whether a theory-based sexual risk-reduction intervention that included alcohol- and cannabis-focused content resulted in greater reductions in STIs than an intervention that included alcohol-related content only and an intervention that did not include substance use content...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432915/measuring-adolescent-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-development-and-validation-of-the-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-questionnaire-shortened-adolescent-version-drseq-sra
#20
Kiri Patton, Jason P Connor, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Timo Dietrich, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and validate a shortened version of the Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised Adolescent version (DRSEQ-RA) using a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Secondary school students (N = 2609, M = 14.52 years, SD = 0.94) completed the DRSEQ-RA (consisting of subscales: Social Pressure; Opportunistic; Emotional Relief) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). These data were analysed using non-parametric item response theory (NIRT) including Mokken scalability coefficients, and confirmatory factor analysis...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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