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Adolescent alcohol use

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-resilience-intervention-in-reducing-tobacco-alcohol-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-population-of-adolescents-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Megan Freund, Jenny Bowman, Luke Wolfenden, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVES: Initiation of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use typically occurs during adolescence, with the school setting recommended to reduce adolescent substance use. Strengthening individual (eg, problem solving) and environmental (eg, caring relationships at school) resilience protective factors of adolescents has been suggested as a strategy for reducing substance use by adolescents; however, few studies have examined this potential. A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a pragmatic school-based universal 'resilience' intervention in reducing the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use, and increasing the individual and environmental protective factors of students...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#2
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819911/neighborhood-family-and-peer-factors-associated-with-early-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use
#3
Christopher Cambron, Rick Kosterman, Richard F Catalano, Katarina Guttmannova, J David Hawkins
There is broad agreement that neighborhood contexts are important for adolescent development, but there is less consensus about their association with adolescent smoking and alcohol use. Few studies have examined associations between neighborhood socioeconomic contexts and smoking and alcohol use while also accounting for differences in family and peer risk factors for substance use. Data drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (N = 808), a gender-balanced (female = 49%), multiethnic, theory-driven longitudinal study originating in Seattle, WA, were used to estimate trajectories of smoking and alcohol use from 5th to 9th grade...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818242/young-adult-risk-factors-for-cancer-obesity-inflammation-and-sociobehavioral-mechanisms
#4
Yang Claire Yang, Moira P Johnson, Kristen M Schorpp, Courtney E Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
INTRODUCTION: The paper assesses social disparities in the burdens of metabolic and inflammatory risks for cancer in the U.S. young adult population and examines psychosocial and behavioral mechanisms in such disparities. METHODS: Using data of 7,889 individuals aged 12-32 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health from 1994 to 2009, generalized linear models were used to assess the sex, race/ethnicity, and SES differences in the risks of obesity and inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#5
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810812/are-perceptions-of-social-norms-regarding-peer-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-associated-with-personal-use-in-danish-adolescents
#6
Lotte Vallentin-Holbech, Birthe Marie Rasmussen, Christiane Stock
AIMS: This study aims to describe norm perceptions among Danish pupils aged 13-17 years related to the prevalence of personal lifetime use of alcohol and other drugs (AODs). Further we examined if norm perceptions were associated with personal lifetime AOD use. METHOD: The data were collected as baseline data in the trial The GOOD Life. A total of 2601 pupils from 42 public schools in the Region of Southern Denmark completed an online questionnaire measuring personal lifetime AOD use and personal approval of use...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810365/will-personal-values-predict-the-development-of-smoking-and-drinking-behaviors-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-children-and-adolescents-in-taiwan
#7
Hsi-Ping Nieh, Wen-Chi Wu, Dih-Ling Luh, Lee-Lan Yen, Baai-Shyun Hurng, Hsing-Yi Chang
This study examined how personal values predict the development of smoking and drinking behaviors in adolescence. The longitudinal data of 1545 adolescents over a 6-year period were analyzed. The results showed that adolescents who valued health and academics had similarly lower odds of reporting cigarette and alcohol use and those who valued friends had significantly higher odds. While the odds increased over time, the trend on alcohol use lessened for adolescents who valued academics, while the trend accelerated for those who valued friends...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#8
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805408/age-of-initiation-and-substance-use-progression-a-multivariate-latent-growth-analysis
#9
Leah S Richmond-Rakerd, Wendy S Slutske, Phillip K Wood
An individual's age at first substance use may be associated with their risk for progression toward heavier substance involvement. To our knowledge, however, no studies within nationally representative samples have examined the relation between the timing of initiation and progression in use of multiple substances. The present study employed a sample of 9,421 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health who reported on their ages of tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis initiation; frequency of tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use; and quantity of tobacco and alcohol use across 4 waves...
August 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804966/associations-of-parental-alcohol-use-disorders-and-parental-separation-with-offspring-initiation-of-alcohol-cigarette-and-cannabis-use-and-sexual-debut-in-high-risk-families
#10
Vivia V McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Sally I-Chun Kuo, Jinni Su, Danielle M Dick, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Marc A Schuckit, Victor M Hesselbrock, Andrew Brooks, Bernice Porjesz, Kathleen K Bucholz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parental alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and parental separation are associated with increased risk for early use of alcohol in offspring, but whether they increase risks for early use of other substances and for early sexual debut is under-studied. We focused on associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with substance initiation and sexual debut to (1) test the strength of the associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with time to initiation (age in years) of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use, and sexual debut, and (2) compare the strength of association of parental AUD and parental separation with initiation...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804465/personality-traits-related-to-binge-drinking-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Ana Adan, Diego A Forero, José Francisco Navarro
The pattern of alcohol consumption in the form of binge drinking (BD) or heavy episodic drinking has increased notably worldwide in recent years, especially among adolescent and young people, being currently recognized as a global health problem. Although only a minority of binge drinkers will develop a substance use disorder, BD may have negative personal and social consequences in the short and medium term. The objective of this article is to review the findings on personality traits related to binge drinkers and to emphasize the aspects that should be examined in order to make progress in this area...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803504/the-pharmacological-management-of-nafld-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Savinda Liyanagedera, Robert Patrick Williams, Silvio Veraldi, Valerio Nobili, Jake P Mann
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum, including 'simple' steatosis, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and fibrosis. Increasing prevalence of NAFLD has followed the international rise in obesity and lifestyle modification is the mainstay therapy for children. To date, pharmacological trials have had varying efficacy but a large number of new agents are in early phase trials for adults. Areas covered: This review explores the effect of current and potential future paediatric NAFLD treatments in terms of histological and biochemical endpoints...
August 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802872/smoking-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-ontario-canada-does-the-school-neighbourhood-matter
#13
Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Robert E Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy E J Faulkner
This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of cigarette smoking and binge-drinking among Ontario high school students. The 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey provides data on self-reported smoking and drinking, individual covariates and subjective socio-economic status for 6142 students (grades 9-12) in Ontario, Canada. Locations of schools were geocoded and 1.6km network buffers defined the school neighbourhoods. Multi-level logistic regression examines individual and school neighbourhood factors with smoking and binge drinking as the dependent variable...
August 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801730/prospective-changes-in-neural-alcohol-cue-reactivity-in-at-risk-adolescents
#14
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Kelly E Courtney, Lindsay M Squeglia, Kara Bagot, Sonja Eberson, Robyn Migliorini, Alexis R Alcaraz, Susan F Tapert, Carmen Pulido
Adolescence represents an ideal time for elucidating the etiology of cue reactivity profiles. This study examined the influence of three risk factors consistently associated with heavy adolescent drinking on alcohol cue reactivity. Youth were first assessed while still naïve to alcohol (12-14 years old) and followed after transitioning into alcohol use (17-21 years old). The effects of family history of substance use disorder, sex, and history of early of dating (i.e., before 14 years of age) on BOLD response contrast to alcohol picture cues were examined in a linear mixed model, controlling for age and alcohol use patterns at follow-up...
August 11, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801399/a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-evaluating-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-computer-based-tool-to-identify-and-reduce-harmful-and-hazardous-drinking-among-adolescents-with-alcohol-related-presentations-in-canadian-pediatric-emergency-departments
#15
Amanda S Newton, Nadia Dow, Kathryn Dong, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, T Cameron Wild, David W Johnson, Samina Ali, Ian Colman, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVE: This study piloted procedures and obtained data on intervention acceptability to determine the feasibility of a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the effectiveness of a computer-based brief intervention in the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Two-arm, multi-site, pilot RCT. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12-17 years presenting to three Canadian pediatric EDs from July 2010 to January 2013 for an alcohol-related complaint...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800496/goal-commitment-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#16
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, James R McKay, Rebecca H Burke, Kaitlin Flannery
OBJECTIVE: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire is a reliable and valid 2-scale measure developed to assess the adolescent's commitment to either abstinence or harm reduction (HR) that includes consumption reduction as a stated treatment goal. The objective of this study was to examine the ASAGC's ability to predict alcohol use treatment outcome...
July 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800087/imaging-features-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Michele Di Martino, Kameliya Koryukova, Mario Bezzi, Carlo Catalano
Non-invasive diagnosis and quantification of liver steatosis is important to overcome limits of liver biopsy, in order to follow up patients during their therapy and to establish a reference standard that can be used in clinical trials and longitudinal studies. Imaging offers several methods in this setting: ultrasound, which is the cheapest technique and easy to perform; magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), which reflects the real content of triglycerides in a specific volume; and proton density fat fraction (PDFF) magnetic resonance, which is a simple method that reflects the distribution of the fat in the whole liver...
August 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798715/the-sooner-the-worse-association-between-earlier-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-worse-adolescent-health-and-well-being-outcomes
#18
Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Jokin de Irala
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between age of sexual initiation during adolescence and a selection of well-being outcomes regarding that first relationship. High-school adolescents from El Salvador (2,686) and from Peru (3,399) replied to a paper-pencil questionnaire. Those who were sexually initiated replied to several questions regarding their age at sexual initiation, condom use, satisfaction and reasons/circumstances for that sexual relationship. Approximately 19% of participants were sexually initiated (n = 1,179)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#19
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797598/differential-behavioral-effects-of-ethanol-pre-exposure-in-male-and-female-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#20
Carly L Clayman, Elizabeth J Malloy, David N Kearns, Victoria P Connaughton
Alcohol exposure in adolescence is a contributing factor toward reward-seeking behavior in adulthood. This reward-seeking behavior is assessed in animal models using the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm. In this study, ethanol-induced change in time spent by zebrafish on the initially non-preferred tank side was studied by conditioning adult zebrafish to ethanol dissolved in water (0.00% 1.00%; 1.25%; 1.50%; 1.60%; 1.75% vol/vol) paired with an initially non-preferred environment. Following a single conditioning cycle, fish swam unrestricted in the CPP chamber to assess changes in preference...
August 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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