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Priska Leisibach, Didier Schneiter, Alex Soltermann, Yoshi Yamada, Walter Weder, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr
BACKGROUND: Thymic epithelial tumors (TET) are rare neoplasms with inconsistent treatment strategies. When researching for molecular pathways to find new therapies, the correlation between specific molecular markers and outcome has only rarely been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between survival, metastatic potential and invasiveness of aggressive subtypes of TET and immunohistochemical markers. METHODS: Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), progression-free survival (PFS) and metastasis-free survival (MFS) of patients with WHO type B2/B3 mixed type thymoma (MT), thymoma type B3 (B3) and thymic carcinoma (TC), undergoing surgery [1998-2013] were determined...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ibrahim El Deeb Zakhary, Karl Wenger, Mohammed Elsalanty, James Cray, Mohamed Sharawy, Regina Messer
OBJECTIVE: The mandible is continuously undergoing remodeling as a result of mechanobiologic factors, such as chewing forces, tooth loss, orthodontic forces, and periodontitis. The effects of mechanical stress and biologic signals in bone homeostasis have been the focus of many investigations. However, much of this research utilized osteocytes derived from long bones, but little is known about the mandible-derived osteocytes. This study tests a protocol to isolate and grow osteocytes from rat mandible...
September 9, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
A R L de Aquino, C F W Nonaka, C H P de Carvalho, C F Demeda, L B de Souza, L P Pinto
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) and their correlation with intratumoural lymphatic density (ILD) and peritumoural lymphatic density (PLD) in metastatic and non-metastatic lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC). Twenty-five LLSCC with regional nodal metastasis and 25 LLSCC without metastasis were selected. The percentages of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 staining in each tumour core and at the deep invasive front were assessed...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Josefa P Alameda, Manuel Navarro, Ángel Ramírez, Angustias Page, Cristian Suárez-Cabrera, Rodolfo Moreno-Maldonado, Jesús M Paramio, M Carmen Fariña, Marcela Del Río, M Jesús Fernández-Aceñero, Ana Bravo, M Llanos Casanova
IKKα plays a mandatory role in keratinocyte differentiation and exerts an important task in non-melanoma skin cancer development. However, it is not fully understood how IKKα exerts these functions. To analyze in detail the role of IKKα in epidermal stratification and differentiation, we have generated tridimensional (3D) cultures of human HaCaT keratinocytes and fibroblasts in fibrin gels, obtaining human skin equivalents that comprise an epidermal and a dermal compartments that resembles both the structure and differentiation of normal human skin...
October 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Daniel Deluiz, Luciano Santos Oliveira, Fábio Ramôa Pires, Teresita Reiner, Luciana Armada, Marcus A Nunes, Eduardo Muniz Barretto Tinoco
BACKGROUND: Severe alveolar atrophy often presents a challenge for the implant surgery. The significant lack of bone in the alveolar ridges may compromise the final restorations both from the aesthetic and functional standpoints. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the behavior of bone block allografts for the maxillary augmentation and to investigate its incorporation, remodeling, and implant survival rates in two different healing time points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients (52 female/14 male, mean age: 57...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Desanka Výbohová, Katarína Adamicová, Yvetta Mellová, Gabriela Hešková
Epidermal proliferation, inflammatory changes and microvascular augmentation are prominent features of chronic cutaneous psoriatic lesions. The objective of this study was the investigation of blood and lymphatic microvascular changes in relation to epidermal changes and inflammatory infiltration in dermis. Immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies to CD34, podoplanin, vascular endothelial growth factors - A and C (VEGF-A and C) and morphometric software were used for quantification of the following parameters: blood and lymphatic vessel area (BVA and LVA), VEGF - A and VEGF-C positive area, inflammatory cell infiltration in dermis (CIA) and epidermal area (EA)...
September 16, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Alina Jankowska-Konsur, Christopher Kobierzycki, Jedrzej Grzegrzolka, Aleksandra Piotrowska, Agnieszka Gomulkiewicz, Natalia Glatzel-Plucinska, Mateusz Olbromski, Marzenna Podhorska-Okolow, Jacek C Szepietowski, Piotr Dziegiel
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) characterized by malignant proliferation of mature T lymphocytes and primary skin involvement. Recent reports suggest that angiogenesis may play a role in the growth and spread of this malignancy. Cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) is a protein classified into the Ig-superfamily of cell adhesion molecules, expressed on endothelial cells and majority of hematopoietic non-erythroid cells...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Yingjiao Xu, Wenjie Pang, Jishun Lu, Aidong Shan, Yan Zhang
Mucin-type O-glycosylation is initiated by an evolutionarily conserved family of polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAc-Ts). Previously, it was reported that ppGalNAc-T13 is restrictively expressed at a high level in brain. Here, we provide evidence for the critical role of ppGalNAc-T13 in neural differentiation. In detail, we show that the expression of ppGalNAc-T13 was dramatically up-regulated during early neurogenesis in mouse embryonic brains. Similar changes were also observed in the cell models of neuronal differentiation by using either the primary mouse cortical neural precursor cells or murine embryonal carcinoma P19 cells...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Agnes Assao, Suely Nonogaki, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, André Lopes Carvalho, Clóvis Antônio Lopes Pinto, Fernando Augusto Soares, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Denise Tostes Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Podoplanin and ezrin connection through Rho-A phosphorylation have been suggested as part of the activation pathway, in the process of tumor invasion and cell movement in oral squamous cell carcinomas. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation among podoplanin, ezrin, and Rho-A immunoexpressions in 91 squamous cells carcinomas of the lower lip and their influence in patient's prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The immunoexpressions of podoplanin, ezrin, and Rho-A were evaluated through a semi-quantitative score method, based on the capture of 10 microscopic fields at the front of tumor invasion...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Masahiro Yamashita, Miyuki Niisato, Tomohito Hanasaka, Noriyuki Iwama, Tohru Takahashi, Tamotsu Sugai, Masao Ono, Kohei Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding the lymphatic vasculature during pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: To characterize lymphatic vasculatures in autopsied cadavers with pneumonia. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded lung tissues obtained from 20 autopsied cadavers with complicated pneumonia and 10 control cadavers without pneumonia were used for immunohistochemical analyses using primary antibodies against podoplanin, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3), CD34, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, VEGF-D, CD73, and CD163...
September 12, 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Melanie Lohrberg, Jörg Wilting
Histological studies of the lymphatic vascular system in adult mice are hampered because bones cannot be sectioned properly. Here, we decalcified the heads of 14-day-old mice, embedded them in paraffin and stained resultant serial sections with the lymphendothelial-specific antibodies Lyve-1 and Podoplanin. We show that the tissues with the highest lymphatic vascular density are the dermis and the oral mucous membranes. In contrast, the nasal mucous membrane is devoid of lymphatics, except for its most basal parts below the vomeronasal organ...
September 6, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Hisako Hara, Makoto Mihara, Takashi Anan, Takaya Fukumoto, Mitsunaga Narushima, Takuya Iida, Isao Koshima
BACKGROUND: Sometimes acquired lymphangiectasia (lymphangioma circumscriptum), the pathological mechanism of which is unknown, accompanies lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to better understand the pathological changes present in acquired lymphangiectasia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the pathological characteristics of acquired lymphangiectasia with lymphedema among patients treated at the University of Tokyo Hospital from March 2008 to December 2015...
September 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Masahito Naito, Keiju Aokage, Kouichi Saruwatari, Kakeru Hisakane, Tomohiro Miyoshi, Tomoyuki Hishida, Junji Yoshida, Sugano Masato, Motohiro Kojima, Takeshi Kuwata, Satoshi Fujii, Atsushi Ochiai, Yukitoshi Sato, Masahiro Tsuboi, Genichiro Ishii
OBJECTIVES: Invasive lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma (LPA) of the lung is thought to progress in a stepwise fashion from adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA). The aim of this study was to investigate the microenvironmental changes during the development from AIS to LPA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics of AIS (n=51), MIA (n=59), LPA smaller than 3cm (LPA-S, n=113), and LPA larger than 3cm (LPA-L, n=47) were analyzed...
October 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
N P Bgatova, A I Lomakin, S A Fursov, I V Kachesov, S A Chepko, N B Isakova, Yu I Borodin, V E Voytsitsky, V I Konenkov
The expression of molecular markers characterizing activity of the tumor process and metastases (proliferation marker Ki-67, angiogenesis marker CD34, and lymphangiogenesis markers podoplanin and LYVE-1) was assessed by immunohictochemical method in the primary tumor specimens collected during surgery for cutaneous melanoma (40 patients). Proliferative activity of the tumor tissue and volume density of peritumoral blood and lymph vessels increased with increasing tumor malignancy, which could indicate the risk of metastases...
August 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Kei Kushitani, Vishwa Jeet Amatya, Yasuko Okada, Yuya Katayama, Amany Sayed Mawas, Yoshihiro Miyata, Morihito Okada, Kouki Inai, Takumi Kishimoto, Yukio Takeshima
AIMS: The aim of this study was to clarify the usefulness of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of epithelioid mesothelioma with solid growth pattern (solid epithelioid mesothelioma; SEM) and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (PDSCC), and to confirm a specific type of antibody panel. Additionally, we aimed to clarify the pitfalls of immunohistochemical analyses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 36 cases of SEM and 38 cases of PDSCC were immunohistochemically examined for calretinin, podoplanin (D2-40), Wilms' tumour gene product (WT1), cytokeratin (CK) 5/6, p40, p63, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), epithelial-related antigen (MOC31), claudin-4, thyroid transcription factor (TTF-1), and napsin A...
September 2, 2016: Histopathology
Banafsheh Nazari, Lisa M Rice, Giuseppina Stifano, Alexander M S Barron, Yu Mei Wang, Tess Korndorf, Jungeun Lee, Jag Bhawan, Robert Lafyatis, Jeffrey L Browning
Tissue injury triggers the activation and differentiation of multiple cell types to minimize damage and initiate repair processes. In systemic sclerosis, these repair processes appear to run unchecked, leading to aberrant remodeling and fibrosis of the skin and multiple internal organs, yet the fundamental pathological defect remains unknown. We describe herein a transition wherein the abundant CD34(+) dermal fibroblasts present in healthy human skin disappear in the skin of systemic sclerosis patients, and CD34(-), podoplanin(+), and CD90(+) fibroblasts appear...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Satoshi Ogasawara, Mika K Kaneko, Yukinari Kato
Human podoplanin (hPDPN) is expressed in lymphatic vessels, pulmonary type-I alveolar cells, and renal glomerulus. The hPDPN/C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) interaction is involved in platelet aggregation and cancer metastasis. High expression of hPDPN in cancer cells or cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) leads to a poor prognosis for cancer patients. In our previous research, we reported on several anti-hPDPN monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), including LpMab-2, LpMab-3, LpMab-7, LpMab-9, LpMab-12, LpMab-13, and LpMab-17 of mouse IgG1 subclass, which were produced using CasMab technology...
August 26, 2016: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
Ana Cicvaric, Jiaye Yang, Sigurd Krieger, Deeba Khan, Eun-Jung Kim, Manuel Dominguez-Rodriguez, Maureen Cabatic, Barbara Molz, Juan Pablo Acevedo Aguilar, Radoslav Milicevic, Tarik Smani, Johannes M Breuss, Dontscho Kerjaschki, Daniela D Pollak, Pavel Uhrin, Francisco J Monje
INTRODUCTION: Podoplanin is a cell-surface glycoprotein constitutively expressed in the brain and implicated in human brain tumorigenesis. The intrinsic function of podoplanin in brain neurons remains however uncharacterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an established podoplanin-knockout mouse model and electrophysiological, biochemical, and behavioral approaches, we investigated the brain neuronal role of podoplanin. RESULTS: Ex-vivo electrophysiology showed that podoplanin deletion impairs dentate gyrus synaptic strengthening...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Alina Jankowska-Konsur, Christopher Kobierzycki, Jędrzej Grzegrzółka, Aleksandra Piotrowska, Agnieszka Gomulkiewicz, Natalia Glatzel-Plucinska, Adam Reich, Marzenna Podhorska-Okołów, Piotr Dzięgiel, Jacek C Szepietowski
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of lymphangiogenesis in the clinical progression and outcome of mycosis fungoides. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot techniques were used to assess the expression of podoplanin and vascular endothelial growth factor C in mycosis fungoides. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C measured by immunohistochemistry was significantly higher in mycosis fungoides samples in comparison with control cases (chronic benign dermatoses) (p = 0.0012). Increased expression of podoplanin was found in advanced vs...
August 22, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Peter A Reichart, Hans Peter Philipsen, Pathawee Khongkhunthian, James J Sciubba
The present study was focused on the immunohistochemical profile of the adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. A Pub/Medline search revealed a number of immunohistochemical studies including cytokeratin profiles, extracellular matrix proteins, Integrins, ameloblast-associated proteins resorption regulators (RANK, RANKL), p53, PCNA, MDM2 protein, cyclin D1, Ki-67, Bcl-2 metallothionein, metalloproteinases, D56 hepatocyte growth factor, c-met, DNA methyltransferase, podoplanin, TGF-βI, Smad-2/3, Smad-I-5/-8, Smad 4, beta- catenin, calretinin and clonality...
August 19, 2016: Oral Diseases
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