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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223709/bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle-treated-with-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-a-clinical-and-mri-retrospective-comparative-study
#1
Matteo Vitali, Nadim Naim Rodriguez, Alberto Pedretti, Andreas Drossinos, Pierluigi Pironti, Gaia Di Carlo, Gianfranco Fraschini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of Bone Marrow Edema (BME) of the medial condyle of the knee DESIGN: Retrospective STUDY SETTING: IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Orthopedics Outpatient Clinic PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six symptomatic patients affected by bone marrow edema of the medial condyle of the knee. Patients were equally divided in a ESWT (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy) treated group and a control group, which was managed conservatively...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220827/exploring-divers-of-forest-degradation-and-fragmentation-in-sudan-the-case-of-erawashda-forest-and-its-surrounding-community
#2
Hussein M Sulieman
Sudan is a hot spot for forest degradation. Efforts to maintain what remains of its forests should be of the highest priority. However, precise information on its forests' current state is very limited. Therefore, in order to effectively intervene in support of existing resources, it is important to have a better understanding of processes taking place in the country and impacting those resources. The objectives of this study are to quantify the consequences of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on forest degradation and fragmentation and to analyze the anthropogenic factors causing it, taking Erawashda Forest, eastern Sudan, as an example...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220598/hope-for-the-future-but-fear-the-risk-of-stigma-ethiopian-family-caregivers-lived-experience-of-caring-for-their-hiv-positive-child-two-years-after-starting-antiretroviral-treatment
#3
Mulatu Biru, Pia Lunqvist, Mitikie Molla, Degu Jerene, Inger Hallström
Family caregivers are believed to be the primary source of support for HIV-affected children. There is limited evidence about practices of support for caregivers, to strengthen them and to enhance the welfare of HIV positive children, especially in African settings. Our aim was therefore to illuminate caregivers' lived experiences of caring for a child in Ethiopia 2 years after the child was enrolled in antiretroviral therapy. Qualitative interviews with 18 family caregivers of 18 children were performed and analyzed using an inductive design with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach...
December 8, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220368/increased-sediment-load-during-a-large-scale-dam-removal-changes-nearshore-subtidal-communities
#4
Stephen P Rubin, Ian M Miller, Melissa M Foley, Helen D Berry, Jeffrey J Duda, Benjamin Hudson, Nancy E Elder, Matthew M Beirne, Jonathan A Warrick, Michael L McHenry, Andrew W Stevens, Emily F Eidam, Andrea S Ogston, Guy Gelfenbaum, Rob Pedersen
The coastal marine ecosystem near the Elwha River was altered by a massive sediment influx-over 10 million tonnes-during the staged three-year removal of two hydropower dams. We used time series of bathymetry, substrate grain size, remotely sensed turbidity, scuba dive surveys, and towed video observations collected before and during dam removal to assess responses of the nearshore subtidal community (3 m to 17 m depth). Biological changes were primarily driven by sediment deposition and elevated suspended sediment concentrations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219617/exploring-multiphoton-microscopy-as-a-novel-tool-to-differentiate-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma-from-oncocytoma-in-fixed-tissue-sections
#5
Manu Jain, Brian D Robinson, Binlin Wu, Francesca Khani, Sushmita Mukherjee
CONTEXT: - Distinguishing chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC), especially in the presence of eosinophilic cytoplasm, from oncocytoma on hematoxylin-eosin can be difficult and often requires time-consuming ancillary procedures that ultimately may not be informative. OBJECTIVE: - To explore the potential of multiphoton microscopy (MPM) as an alternative and rapid diagnostic tool in differentiating oncocytoma from chRCC at subcellular resolution without tissue processing...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219573/qubit-assisted-transduction-for-a-detection-of-surface-acoustic-waves-near-the-quantum-limit
#6
Atsushi Noguchi, Rekishu Yamazaki, Yutaka Tabuchi, Yasunobu Nakamura
We demonstrate ultrasensitive measurement of fluctuations in a surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) resonator using a hybrid quantum system consisting of the SAW resonator, a microwave (MW) resonator, and a superconducting qubit. The nonlinearity of the driven qubit induces parametric coupling, which up-converts the excitation in the SAW resonator to that in the MW resonator. Thermal fluctuations of the SAW resonator near the quantum limit are observed in the noise spectroscopy in the MW domain.
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218723/how-do-our-values-inform-ethical-research-a-narrative-of-recognizing-colonizing-practices
#7
Peta Dzidic, Brian Bishop
How do you reconcile tensions between ethical research practice, personal values, and disciplinary values? This article focuses on an ethical challenge involving the engagement of rural Indigenous community members that emerged during my PhD fieldwork. The narrative illustrates the necessity to engage in critical reflexive research practice, a process which saw me respond to my own feelings of "wrong" and "right," contemplate a distinction between procedural ethics and virtue ethics in community-based research, explore colonizing research practices, and endeavor to reconcile an instance where the values of community psychology appeared in contest...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216806/an-industry-update-the-latest-developments-in-therapeutic-delivery
#8
Iain Simpson
This industry update covers the period from 1 September through 30 September 2017, and is based on information sourced from company press releases, scientific literature, patents and various news websites. The month saw the US FDA approve three new molecular entities, Aliqopa (copanlisib dihydrochloride) (Bayer Healthcare); Solosec (secnidazole) (Symbiomix Therapeutics) and Verzenio (abemaciclib) (Eli Lilly and Co). Intarcia Therapeutics Inc. has its application for approval of a novel drug device combination of exenatide for the treatment of diabetes rejected by FDA but said that it will work to address the concerns and refile the application...
January 2018: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216730/the-influence-of-cranio-cervical-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-myofascial-temporomandibular-pain-disorders
#9
K Halmova, D Holly, P Stanko
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to prove the causality between the craniocervical dysfunction and myofascial pain in the head and neck and to demonstrate the clinical value and usefulness of physiotherapy as one of the therapeutic options for myofascial pain. METHODS: The group of patients diagnosed with myofascial dysfunctional pain syndrome contained 98 patients out of which 79 patients (81 %) were females and 19 patients (19 %) were males. The majority of the patients were aged between 26 and 35 years; the total age range was 14-77 years with the average of 38 years...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215906/parental-perspectives-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-pediatric-primary-care
#10
Anne-Marie Conn, Moira A Szilagyi, Sandra H Jee, Jody T Manly, Rahil Briggs, Peter G Szilagyi
INTRODUCTION: Pediatricians recognize a need to mitigate the negative impact that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can have on health and development. However, ACEs screening and interventions in primary care pediatrics may be inhibited by concerns about parental perceptions. We assessed parent perspectives of screening for ACEs in the pediatric primary care setting, to understand their views on the potential impact of their ACEs on their parenting and to identify opportunities for pediatric anticipatory guidance...
December 7, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211167/-spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-coverage-for-neonatal-hearing-screening-in-brazil-2008-2015
#11
Monique Ramos Paschoal, Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Maria Ângela Fernandes Ferreira
This article seeks to establish the coverage of neonatal hearing screening in Brazil between January 2008 and June 2015. It is an ecological study that uses the country, through the Urban Articulation Regions, as a base. To calculate the screening coverage percentage, the Live Births Information System, the Outpatient Information System and the Beneficiaries of the National Supplementary Health Agency Information System were used. An exploratory analysis of maps and spatial statistical analysis was conducted using TerraView 4...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209829/adaptation-to-proprioceptive-targets-following-visuomotor-adaptation
#12
Jenna C Flannigan, Ruth J Posthuma, Jesse N Lombardo, Chelsea Murray, Erin K Cressman
In the following study, we asked if reaches to proprioceptive targets are updated following reach training with a gradually introduced visuomotor perturbation. Subjects trained to reach with distorted hand-cursor feedback, such that they saw a cursor that was rotated or translated relative to their actual hand movement. Following reach training trials with the cursor, subjects reached to Visual (V), Proprioceptive (P) and Visual + Proprioceptive (VP) targets with no visual feedback of their hand. Comparison of reach endpoints revealed that reaches to VP targets followed similar trends as reaches to P targets, regardless of the training distortion introduced...
December 5, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208076/improving-diagnostic-communication-in-dementia
#13
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Linda C W Lam
In many countries around the world, owing to the lack of specialists and equipment, delay up to a few years in help-seeking and getting diagnostic examinations for dementia is not uncommon (Sayegh and Knight, 2013), and this situation is considerably more serious in "atypical dementias" due to the challenge they present for differential diagnosis. For instance, a survey in the USA showed that misdiagnosis was common in patients with Lewy body dementia who, on average, saw at least three physicians over a year's time or more before getting the proper diagnosis (Lewy Body Dementia Association, 2010)...
December 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207768/controversies-in-serotonin-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Mohd Faisal Uddin, Richard Alweis, Syed Raza Shah, Noman Lateef, Waqas Shahnawaz, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Amin Muhammad Dharani, Syed Arbab Shah
Over the past few years, Serotonin Syndrome (SS) has become a significant clinical concern. Over the last decade, United States saw a surge in antidepressant use. SS characteristically presents as the triad of altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction and neuromuscular excitation. Symptoms vary from patient to patient with mild cases presenting with subacute symptoms and severe cases progressing rapidly to death. Due to the protean manifestations of the syndrome along with non-specific prodromal, SS can easily be misdiagnosed if not carefully assessed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206192/evaluation-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-control-public-service-advertisement-on-the-awareness-and-attitude-change-among-urban-population-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tingting Wu, Ping Hu, Hao Huang, Chengbin Wu, Zhirong Fu, Lei Du, Xianglong Xu, Zumin Shi, Yong Zhao
The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of public service advertising on the awareness and attitude of Chongqing urban citizens. The theme of the public service advertisement launched in Chongqing was chronic disease prevention and control. A self-designed questionnaire was used in an outdoor intercept survey to collect information about the perception of citizens toward the effect of the advertisement on awareness and attitude situation. Respondents had good knowledge of chronic disease (17.11 ± 3...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205937/experience-with-an-abdominal-compression-band-for-radiotherapy-of-upper-abdominal-tumours
#16
Rebecca Van Gelder, Shelley Wong, Andrew Le, Alexander Podreka, Adam Briggs, Carol Haddad, Nicholas Hardcastle
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy outcomes are influenced by treatment delivery geometric accuracy and organ-at-risk dose. The location of abdominal structures such as the liver, kidneys and tumour volumes can be strongly influenced by respiratory motion. This increases geometric uncertainty and dose to organs-at-risk. One common method of minimising respiratory motion is abdominal compression (AC). METHODS: Fifteen patients being treated for radiotherapy to upper abdominal tumours were analysed...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204793/the-quantificational-domain-of-dou-an-experimental-study
#17
Alan Hezao Ke, Samuel David Epstein, Richard Lewis, Acrisio Pires
Which NP does all associate with in e.g. "The pandas, the children all saw"-the pandas, the children, or both? The intuition of adult Mandarin Chinese native speakers regarding the interpretation of the adverbial quantifier dou 'all' remains unclear and controversial, and various incommensurate theories of domain selection have been proposed. These studies may have failed to yield clear results because they used testing materials in which the interpretation of dou is confounded with other principles of NP interpretation (e...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204726/psychopathology-and-associated-risk-factors-among-forcibly-displaced-syrian-children-and-adolescents
#18
Vahdet Gormez, Hale Nur Kılıç, A Cahid Orengul, Merve Nursoy Demir, Şeyma Demirlikan, Sibel Demirbaş, Betül Babacan, Kerem Kınık, Bengi Semerci
More than half of the 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees in Turkey are under 18 years of age. This study investigates prevalence of psychopathology and associated risk factors in refugee children in Turkey. Of a total of 218 children aged 9-15 years, 56.2% lost someone important to them, 55.1% saw dead or wounded people, 70.4% witnessed explosions or gun battles, 42.5% witnessed people being tortured and 25.6% personally experienced cruelty/torture during war. Prevalence of PTSD was 18.3% and that of anxiety-related disorders were as high as 69...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203919/climatic-niche-shifts-are-common-in-introduced-plants
#19
Daniel Z Atwater, Carissa Ervine, Jacob N Barney
Our understanding of how climate influences species distributions and our ability to assess the risk of introduced species depend on the assumption that species' climatic niches remain stable across space and time. While niche shifts have been detected in individual invasive species, one assessment of ~50 plants in Europe and North America concluded that niche shifts were rare, while another concluded the opposite. These contradictory findings, limited in species number and geographic scope, leave open a need to understand how often introduced species experience niche shifts and whether niche shifts can be predicted...
December 4, 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202840/patient-targeted-googling-and-social-media-a-cross-sectional-study-of-senior-medical-students
#20
Aaron N Chester, Susan E Walthert, Stephen J Gallagher, Lynley C Anderson, Michael L Stitely
BACKGROUND: Social media and Internet technologies present several emerging and ill-explored issues for a modern healthcare workforce. One issue is patient-targeted Googling (PTG), which involves a healthcare professional using a social networking site (SNS) or publicly available search engine to find patient information online. The study's aim was to address a deficit in data and knowledge regarding PTG, and to investigate medical student use of SNSs due to a close association with PTG...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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