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Amy K Patel, Patricia Balthazar, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Robert A Mackey, C Matthew Hawkins, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: As federal legislation increasingly influences health care delivery, the impact of election funding has grown. We aimed to characterize US radiologist federal political contributions over recent years. METHODS: After obtaining 2003 to 2016 finance data from the Federal Election Commission (FEC), we extracted contribution data for all self-identified radiologists. Contributions were classified by recipient group and FEC-designated political party and then analyzed temporally and geographically, in aggregate, and by individual radiologist...
June 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Grace Cham, Nichola Davis, Edward Strivens, Aileen Traves, Grant Manypeney, Ronny Gunnarsson
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify factors which correlate to the propensity of general practitioners (GPs) to prescribe supplementation for borderline vitamin B12 deficiency. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys were distributed in person. SETTING: Conferences held in Cairns, Palm Cove Beach, Mt Isa; educational meetings in Atherton; and meetings with individual general practices within the Cairns and Hinterland region. All located in Queensland, Australia...
June 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Pouria Aryan, Santhakumar Sampath, Hoon Sohn
The article provides a review of the state-of-art non-destructive testing (NDT) methods used for evaluation of integrated circuit (IC) packaging. The review identifies various types of the defects and the capabilities of most common NDT methods employed for defect detection. The main aim of this paper is to provide a detailed review on the common NDT methods for IC packaging addressing their principles of operation, advantages, limitations and suggestions for improvement. The current methods such as, X-ray, scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM), infrared thermography (IRT), magnetic current imaging (MCI) and surface acoustic waves (SAW) are explicitly reviewed...
June 21, 2018: Sensors
Aimee Mooney, Naomi Beale, Melanie Fried-Oken
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by insidious language deterioration. This young-onset disorder leaves adults with reduced communication skills for participation in social activities. There is limited evidence regarding group treatment for individuals with PPA, though the principles of chronic aphasia groups can be applied to this clinical population. We developed a PPA group treatment model incorporating compensatory strategies from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), communication partner training from aphasia rehabilitation, and systematic instruction from dementia management...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
Lavish Pamwani, Anowarul Habib, Frank Melandsø, Balpreet Singh Ahluwalia, Amit Shelke
The main aim of the paper is damage detection at the microscale in the anisotropic piezoelectric sensors using surface acoustic waves (SAWs). A novel technique based on the single input and multiple output of Rayleigh waves is proposed to detect the microscale cracks/flaws in the sensor. A convex-shaped interdigital transducer is fabricated for excitation of divergent SAWs in the sensor. An angularly shaped interdigital transducer (IDT) is fabricated at 0 degrees and ±20 degrees for sensing the convex shape evolution of SAWs...
June 22, 2018: Sensors
Chen Ling, Yuanhui Zhang, Jun Li, Wenli Chen, Changquan Ling
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been practiced in China for thousands of years. As a complementary and alternative treatment, herbal medicines that are frequently used in the TCM are the most accepted in the Western world. However, animal materials, which are equally important in the TCM practice, are not well-known in other countries. On the other hand, the Chinese doctors had documented the toxic profiles of hundreds of animals and plants thousand years ago. Furthermore, they saw the potential benefits of these materials and used their toxic properties to treat a wide variety of diseases, such as heavy pain and cancer...
June 21, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
Lise Sofie Bislev, Lene Langagergaard Rødbro, Lars Rolighed, Tanja Sikjaer, Lars Rejnmark
Vitamin D insufficiency and hyperparathyroidism have been associated with reduced muscle strength, physical performance, postural stability, well-being, and quality of life. In a double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial, we aimed to investigate effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on above-mentioned outcomes in healthy community-dwelling postmenopausal women with plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) below < 50 nmol/l and high parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. Participants (N = 81) were 1:1 treated with vitamin D3, 70 µg (2800 IU)/day or identical placebo for three months during wintertime (56°N)...
June 21, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Gargi Wable, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Bachera Aktar, Kaosar Afsana, Silvia Alayon, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Although husbands may provide support during pregnancy, limited evidence exists on how to promote husbands' engagement and what impact it has. Alive & Thrive integrated nutrition-focused interventions, targeting both wives and husbands, through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) platform in Bangladesh. Objectives: We evaluated 1) the impact of a nutrition-focused MNCH program, compared with the standard MNCH program, on husbands' behavioral determinants (i...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
C Chen, W X Zhang, L Y Qi, X J Gao, Y H Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in detecting root cracks after root canal instrumentation using histological gold standard. METHODS: Twenty complete extracted human mandibular incisors that were free of caries, calculus, and root treatment were chosen and accessed coronally with a diamond bur, then mounted in resin blocks with alginate impression material using simulated periodontal ligaments, and the apex was exposed 3 mm...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Jason M Satterfield, Steven E Gregorich, Sara Kalkhoran, Paula J Lum, Jessica Bloome, Nicholas Alvarado, Ricardo F Muñoz, Maya Vijayaraghavan
INTRODUCTION: Although evidence-based, the 5A's (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange) for smoking cessation are often incompletely delivered by primary care providers. This study examines whether a computer tablet 5A's intervention improves primary care provider adherence to the 5A's. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All primary care providers in three urban, adult primary care clinics were randomized for participation...
July 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Yrrah H Stol, Eva C A Asscher, Maartje H N Schermer
BACKGROUND: Health checks or health screenings identify (risk factors for) disease in people without a specific medical indication. So far, the perspective of (potential) health check users has remained underexposed in discussions about the ethics and regulation of health checks. METHODS: In 2017, we conducted a qualitative study with lay people from the Netherlands (four focus groups). We asked what participants consider characteristics of good and bad health checks, and whether they saw a role for the Dutch government...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
William Liu, Thomas Walsh
BACKGROUND: A goal of effective electronic health record provider documentation platforms is to provide an efficient, concise, and comprehensive notation system that will effectively reflect the clinical course, including the diagnoses, treatments, and interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to fully redesign and standardize the provider documentation process, seeking improvement in documentation based on ongoing All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group-based coding records, while maintaining noninferiority comparing provider satisfaction to our existing documentation process...
June 20, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
Wei-Yin Lim, Robin M Turner, Rachael L Morton, Marisa C Jenkins, Les Irwig, Angela C Webster, Mbathio Dieng, Robyn P M Saw, Pascale Guitera, Donald Low, Cynthia Low, Katy J L Bell
BACKGROUND: Patients may decide to undertake shared care with a general practitioner (GP) during follow-up after treatment for localised melanoma. Routine imaging tests for surveillance may be commonly used despite no evidence of clinical utility. This study describes the frequency of shared care and routine tests during follow-up after treatment for localised melanoma. METHODS: We randomly sampled 351 people with localised melanoma [American Joint Cancer Committee (AJCC) substages 0 - II] who had not had recurrent or new primary melanoma diagnosed from a total of 902 people diagnosed and treated for localised melanoma at a specialist centre in 2014...
June 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Roberto Amore, Domenico Amuso, Vincenza Leonardi, Andrea Sbarbati, Giamaica Conti, Maria Albini, Francesco Leva, Ferdinando Terranova, Antonio Guida, Konstantinos Gkritzalas, Liya Gavashely, Roman Velichenko
Background: Cellulite can be seen on the skin in widespread alterations of the skin surface and dimpling. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of the manual subcision technique to treat dimpling from cellulite, using a specific class IIA medical device (Celluerase). Methods: The multi-center observational study assessed 200 women treated in a single session for different dimpling, using manual subcision administered by Celluerase...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Diva Dhar, Lotus McDougal, Katherine Hay, Yamini Atmavilas, Jay Silverman, Daniel Triplett, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Bihar, India has higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and maternal and infant mortality relative to India as a whole. This study assesses whether IPV is associated with poor reproductive and maternal health outcomes, as well as whether poverty exacerbates any observed associations, among women who gave birth in the preceding 23 months in Bihar, India. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from a representative household sample of mothers of children 0-23 months old in Bihar, India (N = 13,803) was conducted...
June 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
Ronnie O Pedersen, William L Nowatzke, Chung Y Cho, Kerry G Oliver, Eric A E Garber
Food allergies affect some 15 million Americans. The only treatment for food allergies is a strict avoidance diet. To help ensure the reliability of food labels, analytical methods are employed; the most common being enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). However, the commonly employed ELISAs are single analyte-specific and cannot distinguish between false positives due to cross-reactive homologous proteins; making the method of questionable utility for regulatory purposes when analyzing for unknown or multiple food allergens...
June 18, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Takahiro Kogawa, Takeo Fujii, Tamer M Fouad, Diane D Liu, Kenichi Harano, Hiroko Masuda, Toshiaki Iwase, Chad Barnett, Young Sam Park, Bora Lim, Debu Tripathy, Jennifer K Litton, Naoto T Ueno
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that an increase in BMI category during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) would be associated with pathological complete response (pCR) rate and worse survival outcomes in primary breast cancer patients. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 4029 patients with stage I-III breast cancer who had undergone NAC and definitive surgery at our institution between May 1, 1990 and April 30, 2013. BMI values at baseline and after NAC were recorded, and the corresponding BMI category was assessed with the WHO classification...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Suong Thi Thao Nguyen, Eiko Yamamoto, Mai Thi Ngoc Nguyen, Huy Bao Le, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Yu Mon Saw, Cong Duc Nguyen, Nobuyuki Hamajima
Vietnam is facing a problem of over-crowding in public hospitals. Long waiting time is a major dissatisfaction for patients. Reducing waiting time benefits not only patients but also hospitals in decreasing overall workload. To identify factors contributing to long waiting time in outpatient clinics, a cross-sectional study was conducted at a national hospital in Vietnam. The time for each process of 7,931 patients who visited the outpatient clinics within Thong Nhat Hospital from 5 to 9 September 2016 was collected from the computerized clinical database...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
D Mencarelli, B Djafari-Rouhani, Y Pennec, A Pitanti, S Zanotto, M Stocchi, L Pierantoni
In this contribution, a rigorous numerical calibration is proposed to characterize the excitation of propagating mechanical waves by interdigitated transducers (IDTs). The transition from IDT terminals to phonon waveguides is modeled by means of a general circuit representation that makes use of Scattering Matrix (SM) formalism. In particular, the three-step calibration approach called the Thru-Reflection-Line (TRL), that is a well-established technique in microwave engineering, has been successfully applied to emulate typical experimental conditions...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jozef Sidlo, Henrieta Sidlova
The case of an accidental fatal penetrating craniocerebral injury to a 26-year-old man at work when cutting wood is reported. There was used an angle grinder with an accessory for cutting similar to a chainsaw. The injury was caused by a fragment of the broken chain. The chain fragment broke through the facial part of the head to the left and penetrated the brain in the region of the left parietal bone of the cranial vault. The immediate cause of death was a failure of the central nervous system (brain death)...
June 4, 2018: Forensic Science International
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