keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SAW

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457256/innovation-in-values-based-public-health-nursing-student-selection-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-candidate-and-selection-panel-member-perspectives
#1
Caroline McGraw, Stephen Abbott, Judy Brook
OBJECTIVES: Values based recruitment emerges from the premise that a high degree of value congruence, or the extent to which an individual's values are similar to those of the health organization in which they work, leads to organizational effectiveness. The aim of this evaluation was to explore how candidates and selection panel members experienced and perceived innovative methods of values based public health nursing student selection. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The evaluation was framed by a qualitative exploratory design involving semi-structured interviews and a group exercise...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454309/perceptions-about-screening-for-prostate-cancer-using-genetic-lifetime-risk-assessment-a-qualitative-study
#2
Pia Kirkegaard, Adrian Edwards, Trine Laura Overgaard Nielsen, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Karina Dalsgaard Sørensen, Michael Borre, Flemming Bro
BACKGROUND: Most health authorities do not recommend screening for prostate cancer with PSA tests in asymptomatic patients who are not at increased risk. However, opportunistic screening for prostate cancer is still wanted by many patients and it is widely used in primary care clinics, with potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Better tools for risk assessment have been called for, to better target such opportunistic screening. Our aim was to explore perceptions about prostate cancer risk and subsequent opportunistic screening among patients who were not at increased risk of prostate cancer after a first PSA test plus a genetic lifetime risk assessment...
February 17, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453737/two-stage-hepatectomy-aiming-for-the-development-of-intrahepatic-venous-collaterals-for-multiple-colorectal-liver-metastases
#3
Harufumi Maki, Shouichi Satou, Kentaro Nakajima, Atsuki Nagao, Kazuteru Watanabe, Hitoshi Satodate, Satoshi Nara, Kaoru Furushima, Yasushi Harihara
BACKGROUND: Aggressive hepatectomy with venous resection has a higher risk of postoperative liver failure (POLF) than hepatectomy without venous reconstruction; however, venous reconstruction is technically demanding. We performed a novel two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) without venous reconstruction in a patient with bilobar multiple colorectal liver metastases located near the caval confluence, waiting for the development of intrahepatic venous collaterals between procedures. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital with sigmoid colon cancer accompanied by intraabdominal abscess and two synchronous liver metastases...
February 16, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453139/effect-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-on-lung-function-in-chronic-beryllium-disease
#4
Margaret M Mroz, John H Ferguson, Anna V Faino, Annyce Mayer, Matthew Strand, Lisa A Maier
BACKGROUND: The clinical effects of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on chronic beryllium disease (CBD) are unknown. Although frequently used for symptoms or disease not requiring systemic therapy, the clinical course of patients on ICS has not been evaluated. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, forty-eight subjects with CBD, diagnosed by granulomas on lung biopsy and treated with inhaled corticosteroids, were matched to sixty-eight subjects with CBD who were not treated...
February 5, 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452199/establishment-of-the-nasal-microbiota-in-the-first-18-months-of-life-correlation-with-early-onset-rhinitis-and-wheezing
#5
Le Duc Huy Ta, Gaik Chin Yap, Carina Jing Xuan Tay, Alicia Shi Min Lim, Chiung Hui Huang, Collins Wenhan Chu, Paola Florez De Sessions, Lynette P Shek, Anne Goh, Hugo P S Van Bever, Oon Hoe Teoh, Jian Yi Soh, Biju Thomas, Mahesh Babu Ramamurthy, Daniel Y T Goh, Christophe Lay, Shu-E Soh, Yiong Huak Chan, Seang-Mei Saw, Kenneth Kwek, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Martin Lloyd Hibberd, Bee Wah Lee
BACKGROUND: The dynamic establishment of the nasal microbiota in early life influences local mucosal immune responses and the susceptibility to childhood respiratory disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to monitor, evaluate and compare the development of the nasal microbiota of infants who developed rhinitis and wheeze in the first 18 months of life with those of healthy controls. METHODS: Anterior nasal swabs of 122 subjects belonging to the GUSTO birth cohort were collected longitudinally over seven time points in the first 18 months of life...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448311/enhancing-decision-making-about-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-early-breast-cancer-following-endopredict-testing
#6
Lesley Fallowfield, Lucy Matthews, Shirley May, Valerie Jenkins, David Bloomfield
Chemotherapy side-effects can be substantial. There is increasing recognition that some oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-ve) patients with breast cancer derive no benefit from chemotherapy and experience only iatrogenic harm. Gene expression profiling tests help refine recurrence risk and likely chemotherapy benefit. EndoPredict® is one such test, which classifies risks of distant recurrence as low or high in patients treated with surgery and adjuvant endocrine therapy alone...
February 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445166/plastic-pollution-of-the-world-s-seas-and-oceans-as-a-contemporary-challenge-in-ocean-governance
#7
Marcus Haward
The pervasive nature of marine plastic pollution was highlighted at the recent United Nations Environment Assembly. This meeting saw strong commitments for action, but at the same time reinforced the challenges for contemporary ocean governance in addressing marine plastic pollution.
February 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444647/exposure-to-revised-drinking-guidelines-and-com-b-determinants-of-behaviour-change-descriptive-analysis-of-a-monthly-cross-sectional-survey-in-england
#8
Abigail K Stevely, Penny Buykx, Jamie Brown, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Petra S Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: January 2016 saw the publication of proposed revisions to the UK's lower risk drinking guidelines but no sustained promotional activity. This paper aims to explore the impact of publishing guidelines without sustained promotional activity on reported guideline exposure and determinants of behaviour (capability, opportunity and motivation) proposed by the COM-B model. METHODS: Data were collected by a monthly repeat cross-sectional survey of adults (18+) resident in England over 15 months between November 2015 and January 2017 from a total of 16,779 drinkers, as part of the Alcohol Toolkit Study...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439347/quantifying-the-diagnostic-pathway-for-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-real-world-data-from-seven-european-and-north-american-countries
#9
Craig W Ritchie, Christopher M Black, Rezaul K Khandker, Robert Wood, Eddie Jones, Xiaohan Hu, Baishali M Ambegaonkar
To ensure that patients with dementia and their caregivers receive appropriate treatment and support, early diagnosis is essential but remains challenging. Real-world data from a multi-national, cross-sectional survey of physicians and their patients were analyzed to quantify the diagnostic pathway for dementia, including a focus on severity of patients' cognitive impairment (CI) at the time of symptom onset, referral and subsequent diagnosis. Data were collected for 7,620 patients with CI. Most patients saw a healthcare professional within 1 year of first symptoms and received a diagnosis within 3-7 months of initial consultation...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438625/biomechanical-evaluation-of-a-single-versus-double-tunnel-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-with-acromioclavicular-stabilization-for-acromioclavicular-joint-injuries
#10
Michael B Banffy, Carlos Uquillas, Julie A Neumann, Neal S ElAttrache
BACKGROUND: An anatomic double-tunnel (DT) reconstruction technique has been widely adopted to reconstruct the ruptured coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments seen with high-grade acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries. However, the anatomic DT reconstruction has been associated with the risk of clavicle fractures, which may be problematic, particularly for contact athletes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare a single-tunnel (ST) CC ligament reconstruction for AC joint injuries with the native state as well as with the more established anatomic DT CC ligament reconstruction...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436711/evidence-for-dispensability-of-protein-kinase-r-in-host-control-of-tuberculosis
#11
Shashirekha Mundhra, Ruslana Bryk, Natalie Hawryluk, Tuo Zhang, Xiuju Jiang, Carl F Nathan
Genetic deficiency of protein kinase R (PKR) in mice was reported to enhance macrophage activation in vitro in response to interferon-γ (IFNγ) and to reduce the burden of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in vivo (Wu et al. PloS One. 2012 7:e30512). Consistent with this, treatment of wild-type (WT) macrophages in vitro with a novel PKR inhibitor (Bryk et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2011 21:4108-4114) also enhanced IFNγ-dependent macrophage activation (Wu et al. PloS One. 2012 7:e30512). Here we show that co-treatment with IFNγ and a new PKR inhibitor identified herein to be highly but not completely selective likewise induced macrophages to produce more reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and less interleukin 10 (IL-10) than seen with IFNγ alone...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436268/patient-decision-making-in-vestibular-schwannoma-a-survey-of-the-acoustic-neuroma-association
#12
Omid Moshtaghi, Khodayar Goshtasbi, Ronald Sahyouni, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
Objective To assess the decision-making process of patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS). Study Design Patients with VS completed a voluntary survey over a 3-month period. Setting Surveys were distributed online through email, Facebook, and member website. Subjects and Methods All patients had a diagnosis of VS and were members of the Acoustic Neuroma Association (ANA). A total of 789 patients completed the online survey. Results Of the 789 participants, 474 (60%) cited physician recommendation as a significant influential factor in deciding treatment...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433592/ethnic-cartography-and-politics-in-vienna-1918-1945
#13
Petra Svatek
In Vienna, the close of the First World War and the period of the peace negotiations in Paris saw an enormous boom of ethnic-geographic research approaches and ethnic map-making. This process continued with the appointment of the Viennese geographer Hugo Hassinger (1877-1952) to the chair of human geography at University of Vienna in 1931 and intensified with the establishment of the South East German Research Association and the National Socialist takeover in March 1938. But did the initiatives to create ethnic maps originate with politicians and authorities, or did they come from the scientists themselves? This article argues that scientists embarked upon ethnic geographies on their own initiative...
February 13, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433494/incidental-finding-of-large-pneumothorax-on-cardiac-mr-scan
#14
J P M Andrews, G McKillop, M R Dweck
BACKGROUND: We believe this is the first case report of a pneumothorax being identified using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. This case also illustrates the haemodynamic effect a large pneumothorax can have on right ventricular filling in diastole. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old attended for an interval follow up Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) of his thoracic aorta after a thoracic co-arctation repair aged 3. He was found to have an incidental large pneumothorax by the reporting cardiology fellow which was confirmed by the on-call radiologist...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433479/tinnitus-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-survey-of-patient-experiences
#15
Don McFerran, Derek J Hoare, Simon Carr, Jaydip Ray, David Stockdale
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus service provision in the United Kingdom has been investigated from the healthcare provider's perspective demonstrating considerable regional variation particularly regarding availability of psychological treatments. An audiological-based tinnitus service, however, was reportedly available for all tinnitus patients in the UK. The aim of the current study was to define and evaluate nationwide tinnitus healthcare services from the patients' viewpoint. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on data from a 33-item questionnaire provided by the British Tinnitus Association...
February 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432132/outcomes-of-heart-failure-admissions-under-observation-versus-short-inpatient-stay
#16
Ahmad Masri, Andrew D Althouse, Jeffrey McKibben, Floyd Thoma, Michael Mathier, Ravi Ramani, Jeffrey Teuteberg, Oscar Marroquin, Joon S Lee, Suresh R Mulukutla
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) are admitted either under observation (OBS) or inpatient stays; however, there is little data on whether this designation reflects the clinical status of a patient, with significant logistical and financial implications. We sought to compare the outcomes of patients with HF admitted OBS versus inpatient stay (≤2 days; INPT). METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 1, 2008 to September 30, 2015, our multisite health system saw 21 339 unique patients totaling 52 493 hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of HF...
January 31, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431816/environmental-science-processes-impacts-in-2018
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
2017 was another successful year for Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts (ESPI); it saw the expansion of our Editorial team and publication of two excellent Themed Issues, all while maintaining our commitment to provide our authors with exceptional customer service and fast times to publication. Through this Editorial, we wish to reflect upon some of the highlights from 2017 and also take this opportunity to reveal further new additions to the ESPI team and our plans for 2018.
February 12, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431589/development-of-a-golf-specific-load-monitoring-tool-content-validity-and-feasibility
#18
Scott B Williams, Paul B Gastin, Anna E Saw, Sam Robertson
Athletes often record details of their training and competitions, supported by information such as environmental conditions, travel, as well as how they felt. However, it is not known how prevalent these practices are in golfers, or how valuable this process is perceived. The purpose of this study was to develop a golf-specific load monitoring tool (GLMT), and establish the content validity and feasibility of this tool amongst high-level golfers. In the first phase of development, 21 experts were surveyed to determine the suitability of items for inclusion in the GLMT...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431131/what-happens-to-patient-experience-when-you-want-to-see-a-doctor-and-you-get-to-speak-to-a-nurse-observational-study-using-data-from-the-english-general-practice-patient-survey
#19
Charlotte A M Paddison, Gary A Abel, Jenni Burt, John L Campbell, Marc N Elliott, Valerie Lattimer, Martin Roland
OBJECTIVES: To examine patient consultation preferences for seeing or speaking to a general practitioner (GP) or nurse; to estimate associations between patient-reported experiences and the type of consultation patients actually received (phone or face-to-face, GP or nurse). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the 2013 to 2014 General Practice Patient Survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 870 085 patients from 8005 English general practices...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429002/interleukin-6-mediated-endothelial-barrier-disturbances-can-be-attenuated-by-blockade-of-the-il6-receptor-expressed-in-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#20
Kinga G Blecharz-Lang, Josephin Wagner, Alexa Fries, Melina Nieminen-Kelhä, Jörg Rösner, Ulf C Schneider, Peter Vajkoczy
Compromised blood-brain barrier (BBB) by dysregulation of cellular junctions is a hallmark of many cerebrovascular disorders due to the pro-inflammatory cytokines action. Interleukin 6 (IL6) is implicated in inflammatory processes and in secondary brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) but its role in the maintenance of cerebral endothelium still requires a precise elucidation. Although IL6 has been shown to exert pro-inflammatory action on brain microvascular endothelial cells (ECs), the expression of one of the IL6 receptors, the IL6R is controversially discussed...
February 10, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
keyword
keyword
108806
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"