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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667288/a-brief-bedside-visual-art-intervention-decreases-anxiety-and-improves-pain-and-mood-in-patients-with-haematologic-malignancies
#1
J J Saw, E A Curry, S L Ehlers, P D Scanlon, B A Bauer, J Rian, D R Larson, A P Wolanskyj
Treatment of cancer-related symptoms represents a major challenge for physicians. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a brief bedside visual art intervention (BVAI) facilitated by art educators improves mood, reduces pain and anxiety in patients with haematological malignancies. Thirty-one patients (21 women and 10 men) were invited to participate in a BVAI where the goal of the session was to teach art technique for ~30 min. Primary outcome measures included the change in visual analog scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule scale, from baseline prior to and immediately post-BVAI...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667209/narratives-of-illness-and-offending-mentally-disordered-offenders-views-on-their-offending
#2
Jeremy Dixon
Narratives have been used in both the sociology of health and illness and in criminology to examine how groups of people present themselves in moral terms. This article focuses on the narratives of offenders with mental health problems in England subject to section 37/41 of the Mental Health Act 1983 to examine how they justified offending prior to admission. Participants presented illness in a variety of different ways indicating a range of moral positions towards offending. In line with previous research a first group used mental illness to excuse offending and saw themselves as achieving moral reform through treatment...
April 18, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666920/-unusual-coloboma-of-the-optic-disc
#3
J Lenk, L E Pillunat, E Matthé
A twelve-year old girl presented herself for a routine ophthalmologic examination in our clinic. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 1.0 on both eyes. On funduscopic examination we saw a yellow round structure inferior to the optic nerve head. In optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination the structure showed cupping and opening of the Bruch membrane and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Visual field testing revealed an absolute scotoma right in the area were the abnormal coloboma was localized. We diagnosed a pseudo-doubling of the optic disk, which is a rare condition with just a few reports about it in the literature...
April 17, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665713/a-clockwork-wikipedia-from-a-broad-perspective-to-a-case-study
#4
Omer Benjakob, Rona Aviram
While research has shown that scientists use Wikipedia and that scientific content on Wikipedia ramifies back into scientific literature, many questions remain on how the two sides interact and through what paradigm this dynamic may be best understood. Using the circadian clock field as a case study, we discuss this scientific field's representation on Wikipedia. We traced the changes made to the articles for "Circadian clock" and "Circadian rhythm" and reviewed the debates that informed them over a span of a decade, using Wikipedia's native and third-party tools...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665425/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-promotes-angiogenesis-in-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#5
Suja Ann Mathew, Ramesh Bhonde
Enhancement of angiogenesis is solicited in wound repair and regeneration. Mesenchymal stromal cells derived from the placenta (P-MSCs) have an inherent angiogenic potential. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in turn, specifically the omega-3 (N-3) are essential for growth and development. They are also recommended as dietary supplements during pregnancy. We therefore hypothesized that addition of N-3 PUFAs in P-MSC culture media may enhance their angiogenic potential. Hence we treated P-MSCs with omega-3 (N-3) fatty acids -Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) at different concentrations and tested their angiogenic potential...
April 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664854/efficiency-and-safety-the-best-time-to-valve-a-plaster-cast
#6
Samuel R H Steiner, Kirollos Gendi, Matthew A Halanski, Kenneth J Noonan
BACKGROUND: The act of applying, univalving, and spreading a plaster cast to accommodate swelling is commonly performed; however, cast saws can cause thermal and/or abrasive injury to the patient. This study aims to identify the optimal time to valve a plaster cast so as to reduce the risk of cast-saw injury and increase spreading efficiency. METHODS: Plaster casts were applied to life-sized pediatric models and were univalved at set-times of 5, 8, 12, or 25 minutes...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662776/three-dimensional-morphometric-properties-of-rod-and-plate-like-trabeculae-in-adolescent-cancellous-bone
#7
Ming Ding, Xiaozhe Lin, Wenge Liu
Background/Objective: Despite many researches have been carried out on the three-dimensional microarchitecture of cancellous bone, the morphometric properties of rod and plate trabeculae in adolescent cancellous bone have not yet been investigated. This study aimed to investigate three-dimensional morphometric properties of rod- and plate-like trabeculae in normal adolescent cancellous bone, and to compare them with adult cancellous bones to reveal morphometric changes from adolescence to adult life to obtain more insight into the subchondral bone adaptations during development and growth...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662432/frontal-brain-asymmetry-and-willingness-to-pay
#8
Thomas Z Ramsøy, Martin Skov, Maiken K Christensen, Carsten Stahlhut
Consumers frequently make decisions about how much they are willing to pay (WTP) for specific products and services, but little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying such calculations. In this study, we were interested in testing whether specific brain activation-the asymmetry in engagement of the prefrontal cortex-would be related to consumer choice. Subjects saw products and subsequently decided how much they were willing to pay for each product, while undergoing neuroimaging using electroencephalography...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662047/mechanisms-and-fem-simulation-of-chip-formation-in-orthogonal-cutting-in-situ-tib%C3%A2-7050al-mmc
#9
Yifeng Xiong, Wenhu Wang, Ruisong Jiang, Kunyang Lin, Mingwei Shao
The in-situ TiB₂/7050Al composite is a new kind of Al-based metal matrix composite (MMC) with super properties, such as low density, improved strength, and wear resistance. This paper, for a deep insight into its cutting performance, involves a study of the chip formation process and finite element simulation during orthogonal cutting in-situ TiB₂/7050Al MMC. With chips, material properties, cutting forces, and tool geometry parameters, the Johnson-Cook (J-C) constitutive equation of in-situ TiB₂/7050Al composite was established...
April 15, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661748/virtual-reality-cue-refusal-video-game-for-alcohol-and-cigarette-recovery-support-summative-study
#10
Mary Metcalf, Karen Rossie, Katie Stokes, Christina Tallman, Bradley Tanner
BACKGROUND: New technologies such as virtual reality, augmented reality, and video games hold promise to support and enhance individuals in addiction treatment and recovery. Quitting or decreasing cigarette or alcohol use can lead to significant health improvements for individuals, decreasing heart disease risk and cancer risks (for both nicotine and alcohol use), among others. However, remaining in recovery from use is a significant challenge for most individuals. OBJECTIVE: We developed and assessed the Take Control game, a partially immersive Kinect for Windows platform game that allows users to counter substance cues through active movements (hitting, kicking, etc)...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661005/ethopathology-and-civilization-diseases-niko-and-elisabeth-tinbergen-on-autism
#11
Marga Vicedo
The idea that some diseases result from a poor fit between modern life and our biological make-up is part of the long history of what historian of medicine Charles Rosenberg has called the "progress-and-pathology narrative." This article examines a key episode in that history: 1973 Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen's use of an evolutionary framework to identify autism as a pathogenic effect of progress. Influenced by British psychiatrist John Bowlby's work, Tinbergen and his wife Elisabeth saw autistic children as victims of environmental stress caused mainly by mothers' failure to bond with their children and to protect them from conflicting situations...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660076/stereotype-threat-reduces-the-positivity-of-older-adults-recall
#12
Sarah J Barber, Jordan Seliger, Nicholas Yeh, Shyuan Ching Tan
Objectives: As people get older, they show a relative preference to remember positive information over negative information. In two experiments, we tested whether the positivity of older adults' memory is affected by stereotype threat about age-related cognitive declines. We also tested whether highlighting a positive aging stereotype (older adults are wise) would inoculate older adults from stereotype threat's adverse effects. Method: In Experiments 1 and 2, we manipulated whether stereotypes about age-related cognitive decline were highlighted (stereotype threat) or mitigated (stereotype alleviation)...
April 6, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659795/managing-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-gps-views-on-the-diagnosis-and-immediate-management-of-transient-ischaemic-attack-and-the-potential-of-a-diagnostic-tool
#13
Priyanka Bose, Carolyn Tarrant, Amit K Mistri, Andrew Wilson
Background: Most patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) present to their GP. Early identification and treatment reduces the risk of subsequent stroke and consequent disability and mortality. Objective: To explore GPs' views on the diagnosis and immediate management of suspected TIA, and the potential utility of a diagnostic tool. Methods: This is a qualitative interview study based in Leicestershire, UK. A purposive sample of 10 GPs participated in 30-minute semi-structured telephone interviews...
April 12, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658843/perceptions-of-midwestern-crop-advisors-and-growers-on-foliar-fungicide-adoption-and-use-in-maize
#14
Paul Esker, Denis Anthony Shah, Carl A Bradley, Shawn P Conley, Pierce A Paul, Alison Robertson
Foliar fungicide use in hybrid maize in the United States was rare before 2000. The decade from 2000 to 2010 saw foliar fungicides increasingly applied to maize in the absence of appreciable disease pressure, a practice seemingly at odds with integrated pest management philosophy. Yet, it is commonly believed that growers do not employ management strategies unless there are perceived benefits. Maize (corn) growers (CGs) and certified crop advisors (CCAs) across four Midwestern states (Iowa, Illinois, Ohio and Wisconsin) were surveyed to better understand their practices, values and perceptions concerning the use of foliar fungicides during 2005 to 2009...
April 16, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657745/optimal-random-search-using-limited-spatial-memory
#15
Tomoko Sakiyama, Yukio-Pegio Gunji
Lévy walks are known to be efficient movements because Lévy walkers search wide areas while restricting returns to previously visited sites. A self-avoiding walk (SAW) is a series of moves on a lattice that visit the same place only once. As such, SAWs can also be effective search algorithms. However, it is not realistic that foragers memorize many visited positions for a long time. In this work, we investigated whether foragers performed optimal searches when having limited memory. The agent in our model followed SAWs to some extent by memorizing and avoiding visited places...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656144/short-and-long-term-management-of-cases-of-venom-induced-anaphylaxis-via-is-suboptimal
#16
Ashley Tritt, Sofianne Gabrielli, Sarah Zahabi, Ann Clarke, Jocelyn Moisan, Harley Eisman, Judy Morris, Lea Restivo, Greg Shand, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
BACKGROUND: Venom induced anaphylaxis (VIA) accounts for severe reactions. However, little is known about the short and long-term management of VIA cases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and long-term management of VIA. METHODS: Using a national anaphylaxis registry (C-CARE), we identified VIA cases presenting to EDs in Montreal and to emergency medical services(EMS) in Western Quebec over a four-year period. Data were collected on clinical characteristics, triggers, and management...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656014/and-then-i-saw-her-race-race-based-expectations-affect-infants-word-processing
#17
Drew Weatherhead, Katherine S White
How do our expectations about speakers shape speech perception? Adults' speech perception is influenced by social properties of the speaker (e.g., race). When in development do these influences begin? In the current study, 16-month-olds heard familiar words produced in their native accent (e.g., "dog") and in an unfamiliar accent involving a vowel shift (e.g., "dag"), in the context of an image of either a same-race speaker or an other-race speaker. Infants' interpretation of the words depended on the speaker's race...
April 12, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655387/specimens-slips-and-systems-daniel-solander-and-the-classification-of-nature-at-the-world-s-first-public-museum-1753-1768
#18
Edwin D Rose
The British Museum, based in Montague House, Bloomsbury, opened its doors on 15 January 1759, as the world's first state-owned public museum. The Museum's collection mostly originated from Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753), whose vast holdings were purchased by Parliament shortly after his death. The largest component of this collection was objects of natural history, including a herbarium made up of 265 bound volumes, many of which were classified according to the late seventeenth-century system of John Ray (1627-1705)...
April 15, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653060/tree-related-injuries-associated-with-response-and-recovery-from-hurricane-sandy-new-jersey-2011-2014
#19
Elizabeth G Marshall, Shou-En Lu, Abimbola O Williams, Daniel Lefkowitz, Marija Borjan
OBJECTIVES: Extreme weather events require extensive tree removal and disposal, tasks associated with severe injury risks among workers and residents. To help understand the risks of such activities, we evaluated the impact of a large and destructive storm (Hurricane Sandy in 2012) on the incidence of tree-related injuries. METHODS: We searched chief-complaint text fields for patients aged 18-65 from 2011-2014 emergency department visit records submitted by New Jersey hospitals through the state-based syndromic surveillance system...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652603/draining-the-swamp-while-making-america-great-senior-dissonance-in-the-age-of-trump
#20
Robert B Hudson
In his surprise election as President, Donald Trump enjoyed disproportionate electoral support from older voters, many of whom saw in Trump a person who would work to reverse demographic, economic, and cultural forces that had transformed American life as they had long seen it. Yet, Trump's campaign and incumbency has also been very much about gutting the Washington policy establishment of officials, bureaucrats, and lobbyists (aka, the Swamp) which, for over half a century, has been instrumental in enacting and expanding legislation that has benefitted older Americans, far more than any other social policy constituency in the country...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
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