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undifferentiated spondyloarthritis

York Kiat Tan, Li-Ching Chew, John C Allen, Weng Kit Lye, Lei Lei Htay, Ali Hassan, Philip G Conaghan, Julian Thumboo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of ultrasonography in guiding modification of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) and steroid therapy for inflammatory arthritis (IA) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed DMARD and steroid use in IA patients referred to a rheumatologist-led ultrasound clinic. Power Doppler (PD) vascularity and greyscale (GS) synovial hypertrophy joint findings were categorized as positive/negative for each patient...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Simon Krabbe, Cigdem Gül, Bjarne Andersen, Niels Tvede
This case report describes a patient with arthritis of the large joints, bilateral sacroiliitis, and positive anti-SSA and anti-dsDNA antibody, who received sulfasalazine and shortly thereafter became critically ill. He developed toxic epidermal necrolysis, hemolytic anemia, lymphopenia, markedly elevated ferritin, and muscle wasting. A diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus was made, and mycophenolate mofetil and systemic glucocorticoids brought this severe disease under control. Toxic epidermal necrolysis-like lesions and hemophagocytic syndrome have been reported as manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Maurizio Benucci, Francesca Li Gobbi, Francesca Bandinelli, Arianna Damiani, Maria Infantino, Valentina Grossi, Mariangela Manfredi, Simone Parisi, Enrico Fusaro, Alberto Batticciotto, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Fabiola Atzeni, Francesca Meacci
Biosimilar infliximab (INX) was recently approved by the European Medicine Agency for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and psoriasis on the grounds that its pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy were comparable to those of innovator INX. The aim of this study was to investigate the real-life efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of switching from innovator to biosimilar INX in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA)...
July 23, 2016: Immunologic Research
Marine Ferreyra, Guillaume Coiffier, Jean-David Albert, Claire David, Aleth Perdriger, Pascal Guggenbuhl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of combined cytology and microcrystal detection in joint fluid for diagnosing septic arthritis. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study of joint fluid samples from patients with manifestations suggesting acute or chronic arthritis. The absolute leukocyte count (/mm(3)) was recorded; as well as the differential counts, particularly of neutrophils (%). Microcrystals were sought and bacteriological cultures performed. Septic arthritis was defined as positive cultures of joint fluid or blood samples...
June 2, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Karin Hellgren, Lene Dreyer, Elizabeth V Arkema, Bente Glintborg, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Lars-Erik Kristensen, Nils Feltelius, Merete Lund Hetland, Johan Askling
BACKGROUND: Safety data on cancer risks following tumour necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) (here defined as ankylosing spondylitis (AS), undifferentiated spondarthropaties (SpA UNS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA)) are scarce. Our objective was to assess risks for cancer overall and for common subtypes in patients with SpA treated with TNFi compared with TNFi-naïve patients with SpA and to the general population. METHODS: From the Swedish (Anti-Rheumatic Therapy in Sweden (ARTIS)) and Danish (DANBIO) biologics registers, we assembled 8703 (ARTIS=5448, DANBIO=3255) patients with SpA initiating a first TNFi 2001-2011...
May 4, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Peter Mandl, Asta Baranauskaite, Nemanja Damjanov, Maja Hojnik, Reka Kurucz, Orsolya Nagy, Petr Nemec, Dora Niedermayer, Porin Perić, Tzvetanka Petranova, Andres Pille, Simona Rednic, Violeta Vlad, Martin Zlnay, Peter V Balint
The main aim was to gain structured insight into the use of musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) in routine rheumatology practices in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. In a cross-sectional, observational, international, multicenter survey, a questionnaire was sent to investigational sites in CEE countries. Data on all subsequent routine MSUS examinations, site characteristics, MSUS equipment, and investigators were collected over 6 months or up to 100 examinations per center. A total of 95 physicians at 44 sites in 9 countries provided information on a total of 2810 MSUS examinations...
June 2016: Rheumatology International
Elisabeth Mogard, Elisabet Lindqvist, Stefan Bergman, Ann Bremander
OBJECTIVE: Research concerning spinal mobility in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) has focused on ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and data on the clinical diagnosis of undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (USpA) are limited. The objective was to study differences in spinal mobility between axSpA subgroups AS and USpA, including gender differences. METHODS: A total of 183 patients with axSpA from a rheumatology clinic were included in the study. The earliest recorded spinal mobility measures (cervical rotation/flexion/extension/lateral flexion, tragus-to-wall distance, vital capacity, chest expansion, thoracic flexion, thoracolumbar flexion, lateral spinal flexion, lumbar flexion and intermalleolar distance) were obtained by specialized physiotherapists...
February 24, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
Lovro Lamot, Mandica Vidović, Marija Perica, Lana Tambić Bukovac, Miroslav Harjacek
Spondyloarthritis or spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is a multifactorial disease in which a disturbed interplay occurs between the immune system and environmental factors on a predisposing genetic background, which leads to inflammation and structural damage of target tissue. Many recent researches on development of SpA showed important role of innate and adaptive immunity as well as of prominent bone tissue remodeling which leads to osteoproliferation and ankylosis. It is believed that possible sites of inflammation in SpA are entheses, sinovium and gut...
2015: Reumatizam
Henning Zeidler, Alan P Hudson
Current molecular genetic understanding of the metabolically active persistent infection state of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae in the synovium in patients with arthritis and spondyloarthritis favors a causal relationship. Here, we examine how adequately the accepted criteria for that etiologic relationship are fulfilled, emphasizing the situation in which these microorganisms cannot be cultivated by standard or other means. We suggest that this unusual situation of causality by chlamydiae in rheumatic disease requires establishment of a consensus regarding microorganism-specific terminology as well as the development of new diagnostic and classification criteria...
February 2016: Current Rheumatology Reports
Carmen Stolwijk, Marloes van Onna, Annelies Boonen, Astrid van Tubergen
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the prevalence of spondyloarthritis (SpA) and its subtypes in the general population, and to identify demographic and methodologic characteristics that might explain heterogeneity in prevalence estimates. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify relevant articles. Risk of bias was assessed and data were extracted. Pooled prevalences were calculated. Potential sources of heterogeneity were explored by subgroup analysis and meta-regression analysis...
September 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Rebecca S Y Wong
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a family of interrelated inflammatory arthritis that includes ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, arthritis related to inflammatory bowel disease and undifferentiated SpA. The classification, epidemiology, pathogenesis and treatment of SpA have been extensively reviewed in the published literature. Reviews on the use of stem cells in various autoimmune diseases in general are also common. However, a review on the role of stem cells in SpA is currently lacking...
October 2015: Human Immunology
T C Mitulescu, C Popescu, A Naie, D Predeţeanu, V Popescu, C Alexandrescu, L M Voinea
BACKGROUND: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is associated with an array of peripheral manifestations. Our study aims to evaluate extra-articular manifestations of SpA in a Romanian academic clinical setting and to observe their associations with different disease measures. METHODS: The study was designed to note the extra-articular manifestations of SpA patients in a cross-sectional and retrospective manner. Records included demographics, inflammation markers, SpA clinical characteristics, treatment regimes, associated osteoporosis and cardiovascular morbidity...
July 2015: Journal of Medicine and Life
Marija Glasnović, Ljiljana Majnarić, Jasminka Sinčić Petričević, Vladimir Borzan, Željka Kolak, Aleksandar Včev, Elizabeta Horvatić
We reported a case of a 71-year-old woman with progressive low back pain and neurologic symptoms of lower extremities, who in the background had the coexistence of spondyloarthritis (SpA) and non Hodgkin's lymphoma of the paravertebral location. This example describes a situation where SpA with minimal sacroiliac joints affection has nevertheless led to the overt axial SpA. This situation included undifferentiated or reactive SpA, as well as unusual disease context, presented with late-life disease onset, older age, female gender and no obvious hereditary predisposition...
March 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
U Lindström, S Exarchou, V Sigurdardottir, B Sundström, J Askling, J K Eriksson, H Forsblad-d'Elia, C Turesson, L E Kristensen, L Jacobsson
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies of spondyloarthritis (SpA), using ICD codes from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR), offer unique possibilities but hinge upon an understanding of the validity of the codes. The aim of this study was to validate the ICD codes for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated SpA (uSpA) in the NPR against the established classification criteria [modified New York (mNY), Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS), Amor, and European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria]...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Meng-Yin He, Fu-Yuan Fan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Qiangji Recipe (QR) in ad- junctive treatment of axial undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (axuSpA) through a four-week open study. METHODS: Fifty-four axuSpA patients of Shen-deficiency Du-channel cold syndrome (SDDCS) in line with inclusive criteria were recruited and assigned to the treatment group and the control group according to random digit table, 27 in each group. Patients in the control group took Celecoxib Capsule (0...
January 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Emilie Javelle, Anne Ribera, Isabelle Degasne, Bernard-Alex Gaüzère, Catherine Marimoutou, Fabrice Simon
BACKGROUND: Since 2003, the tropical arthritogenic chikungunya (CHIK) virus has become an increasingly medical and economic burden in affected areas as it can often result in long-term disabilities. The clinical spectrum of post-CHIK (pCHIK) rheumatic disorders is wide. Evidence-based recommendations are needed to help physicians manage the treatment of afflicted patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a 6-year case series retrospective study in Reunion Island of patients referred to a rheumatologist due to continuous rheumatic or musculoskeletal pains that persisted following CHIK infection...
March 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Elisabeth Lie, Lars Erik Kristensen, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Tatiana Zverkova-Sandström, Johan Askling, Lennart T Jacobsson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of comedication with conventional synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) on retention to tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA). METHODS: Data on patients with a clinical diagnosis of AS or uSpA starting treatment with adalimumab, etanercept or infliximab as their first TNFi during 2003-2010 were retrieved from the Swedish national biologics register and linked to national population based registers...
June 2015: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Rosario García-Vicuña, Pedro Zarco, Carlos M González, Francisco Vanaclocha, Ignacio Marín-Jiménez, Luis Cea-Calvo
OBJECTIVES: To describe the 2-year incidence of new extra-articular manifestations (uveitis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease) in a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis included in the AQUILES study. PATIENTS: Over a period of 2 years, 513 patients with spondyloarthritis (62.5% males, mean age 48 years) diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) (55.6%), psoriatic arthritis (25.3%), undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (16.2%), enteropathic arthritis (2...
January 2016: Reumatología Clinica
Pedro Zarco, Carlos M González, Arturo Rodríguez de la Serna, Enriqueta Peiró, Isabel Mateo, Luis Linares, Jerusalem Calvo, Luis Cea-Calvo, María J Arteaga, Francisco Vanaclocha, Ignacio Marín-Jiménez, Rosario García-Vicuña
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of extra-articular disease (uveitis, psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]), in a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: AQUILES is an observational, prospective and multicentric study of three cohorts of patients with one of the following immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID): SpA, psoriasis, or IBD. In the present cohort, patients ≥18 years of age with SpA were enrolled from Rheumatology clinics...
March 2015: Reumatología Clinica
Jere Häyrynen, Maija Kärkkäinen, Aulikki Kononoff, Leena Arstila, Pia Elfving, Helena Niinisalo, Elina Savolainen, Hannu Kautiainen, Juha Risteli, Oili Kaipiainen-Seppänen, Marja-Kaisa Koivula
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe automated immunoassays for autoantibodies to homocitrulline or citrulline containing telopeptides of type I and II collagen in various disease categories in an early arthritis series. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 142 patients over 16 years of age with newly diagnosed inflammatory joint disease. All samples were analyzed with an automated inhibition chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) using four different peptide pairs, each consisting of a biotinylated antigen and an inhibiting peptide...
August 2015: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
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