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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-afro-caribbean-community-an-11-year-retrospective-study
#1
Nadège Cordel, Lucie Bonnecarrère, Benoit Tressières
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is considered the most frequent skin cancer in black people. Its incidence is not known in the Afro-Caribbean population. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of SCC in Guadeloupe, the largest island of the Lesser Antilles (405 000 inhabitants, mostly black people of African and European descent). The second objective was to characterize clinical and histological patterns of SCC occurring in the Afro-Caribbean community. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted over an 11-year period (2000-2010)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540357/data-on-microsatellite-markers-in-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-s-l-polymorphism-levels-and-diversity-range
#2
Laurent Penet, Sophie Briand, Dalila Petro, François Bussière, Sébastien Guyader
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is a species complex of fungi belonging to the Glomerellaceae family (Ascomycota). It has a global worldwide occurrence and while sometimes described as a plant endophytic commensal, it also often demonstrates pathogenicity on crops and is responsible for anthracnose disease in many cultivated species. Thirty-nine polymorphic microsatellites were isolated and their polymorphism levels were determined in 95 strains from Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles), mostly isolated from Water Yam (Dioscorea alata)...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411315/contamination-of-marine-fauna-by-chlordecone-in-guadeloupe-evidence-of-a-seaward-decreasing-gradient
#3
Charlotte R Dromard, Mathilde Guéné, Yolande Bouchon-Navaro, Soazig Lemoine, Sébastien Cordonnier, Claude Bouchon
Chlordecone is an organochlorine pesticide, used in the Lesser Antilles from 1972 to 1993 to fight against a banana weevil. That molecule is very persistent in the natural environment and ends up in the sea with runoff waters. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the level of contamination in several trophic groups of marine animals according to their distance from the source of pollution. Samples of suspended matter, macroalgae, herbivorous fishes, detrivorous crustaceans, zooplanktivorous fishes, first- and second-order of carnivorous fishes, and piscivorous fishes have been collected in two sites, located downstream the contaminated sites (Goyave and Petit-Bourg), in three marine habitats (coastal mangroves, seagrass beds located 1...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344900/temporal-patterns-and-geographic-heterogeneity-of-zika-virus-zikv-outbreaks-in-french-polynesia-and-central-america
#4
Ying-Hen Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016, due to its strong association with medical complications such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). However, a substantial gap in knowledge still exists regarding differing temporal pattern and potential of transmission of ZIKV in different regions of the world...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335811/three-patients-presenting-with-severe-macrosomia-and-congenital-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-series
#5
Marie Vincent, Nadir Benbrik, Bénédicte Romefort, Agnès Colombel, Stéphane Bézieau, Bertrand Isidor
BACKGROUND: Macrosomia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are two features often associated in neonates of diabetic mothers. We report the cases of three patients with severe macrosomia and critical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy without severely unbalanced maternal diabetes. Only three patients with those two features and no uncontrolled maternal diabetes have been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: The first patient was a 39-week-old girl, the second patient was a 39-week-old girl, and the third patient was a 41-week-old boy...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296276/report-on-an-anti-doping-operation-in-guadeloupe-high-number-of-positive-cases-and-inferences-about-doping-habits
#6
A Marchand, C Buisson, L Martin, J-A Martin, A Molina, D Ressiot
Anti-doping controls in non-major events are relatively infrequent and athletes that compete only in these events are less likely to be controlled. The French Anti-Doping Agency carried out an anti-doping operation during a regional cycling competition in Guadeloupe. The urine and serum samples were analysed by the French anti-doping laboratory. Out of 42 athletes, 7 were positive for one or more substances prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Four serum samples contained continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) and one a recombinant erythropoietin...
March 11, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253356/resistance-to-antimicrobial-drugs-in-different-surface-waters-and-wastewaters-of-guadeloupe
#7
Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Celia Dartron, Mélanie Falord, Syndia Sadikalay, Célia Ducat, Vincent Richard, Sébastien Breurec, Olivier Gros, Antoine Talarmin
OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance of Enterobacteriaceae in different water environments of Guadeloupe and especially those impacted by waste water treatment plants (WWTP) effluents. The second objective was to characterize the genetic basis for antibiotic resistance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates (ESBLE and AmpCE). METHODS: We have collected 70 surface waters (river and sea samples) impacted or not by WWTP and 18 waste waters from 2 WWTPs in 2012 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253323/the-annual-carnival-in-guadeloupe-french-west-indies-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-the-number-of-conceptions-and-subsequent-births-nine-months-later-2000-2011
#8
Philippe Kadhel, Nathalie Costet, Teddy Toto, Eustase Janky, Luc Multigner
The seasonal patterns of conceptions and births differ between geographic areas. Several potential determinants of this variation have been identified, including biological, environmental and behavioral elements, but festive events are rarely mentioned. We investigated the possible association between the carnival and seasonal fertility variations in the French West Indies. We ran a retrospective registry-based study. The data were extracted from the registry of all births on Guadeloupe between 2000 and 2011 (n = 74,412), and from the Maternity Birth Register of the University Hospital, for all pregnancies of at least 14 completed weeks of gestation (observable conceptions) with an outcome recorded between 2007 and 2010 (n = 8,425)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241170/main-characteristics-of-zika-virus-exanthema-in-guadeloupe
#9
Nadège Cordel, Xavier Birembaux, Hugo Chaumont, Frédérique Delion, Olivier Chosidow, Benoit Tressières, Cécile Herrmann Storck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187780/levels-of-insecticide-resistance-to-deltamethrin-malathion-and-temephos-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-the-guadeloupe-and-saint-martin-islands-french-west-indies
#10
Daniella Goindin, Christelle Delannay, Andric Gelasse, Cédric Ramdini, Thierry Gaude, Frédéric Faucon, Jean-Philippe David, Joël Gustave, Anubis Vega-Rua, Florence Fouque
BACKGROUND: In the Guadeloupe and Saint Martin islands, Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are the only recognized vectors of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. For around 40 years, malathion was used as a mosquito adulticide and temephos as a larvicide. Since the European Union banned the use of these two insecticide molecules in the first decade of the 21st century, deltamethrin and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis are the remaining adulticide and larvicide, respectively, used in Guadeloupe...
February 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158185/schistosome-infectivity-in-the-snail-biomphalaria-glabrata-is-partially-dependent-on-the-expression-of-grctm6-a-guadeloupe-resistance-complex-protein
#11
Euan R O Allan, Jacob A Tennessen, Stephanie R Bollmann, Patrick C Hanington, Christopher J Bayne, Michael S Blouin
Schistosomiasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases. Despite effective chemotherapeutic treatments, this disease continues to afflict hundreds of millions of people. Understanding the natural intermediate snail hosts of schistosome parasites is vital to the suppression of this disease. A recently identified genomic region in Caribbean Biomphalaria glabrata snails strongly influences their resistance to infection by Schistosoma mansoni. This region contains novel genes having structural similarity to known pathogen recognition proteins...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143423/report-of-three-imported-cases-of-neurocysticercosis-in-guadeloupe
#12
R Blaizot, B Melot, K Schepers, M Nicolas, S Gaumond, P Poullain, L Belaye, A Lannuzel, B Hoen
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis is endemic in most countries of Central and South America but has rarely been described in the French West Indies. We aimed to better understand the clinical and radiological presentation of our cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report three cases of neurocysticercosis in patients living in Guadeloupe, with different clinical and radiological presentations. CONCLUSION: Given the eventuality of autochtonous transmission, the diagnosis should be considered in all patients living in Guadeloupe presenting with seizures...
January 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119121/incidence-mortality-and-receptor-status-of-breast-cancer-in-african-caribbean-women-data-from-the-cancer-registry-of-guadeloupe
#13
J Deloumeaux, S Gaumond, B Bhakkan, Nsome Manip M'Ebobisse, W Lafrance, Pierre Lancelot, D Vacque, Y Negesse, A Diedhiou, P Kadhel
BACKGROUND: Geographical disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcomes are reported worldwide. Women of African descent show lower incidence, higher mortality rates and earlier age of onset. We analyzed data from the cancer registry of Guadeloupe for the period 2008-2013. METHODS: We describe breast cancer characteristics by molecular subtype, as well as estimated observed and net survival. We used Cox proportional hazard models to determine associations between cancer subtypes and death rate, adjusted for variables of interest...
April 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#14
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081120/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-outbreaks-in-guadeloupe-and-martinique-2014-an-observational-study-in-volunteer-blood-donors
#15
Pierre Gallian, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pascale Richard, Françoise Maire, Olivier Flusin, Rachid Djoudi, Jacques Chiaroni, Remi Charrel, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
BACKGROUND: During Dec-2013, a chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak was first detected in the French-West Indies. Subsequently, the virus dispersed to other Caribbean islands, continental America and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. Previous estimates of the attack rate were based on declaration of clinically suspected cases. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Individual testing for CHIKV RNA of all (n = 16,386) blood donations between Feb-24th 2014 and Jan-31st 2015 identified 0·36% and 0·42% of positives in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070316/consumers-preferences-for-fresh-yam-a-focus-group-study
#16
Carla Barlagne, Denis Cornet, Jean-Marc Blazy, Jean-Louis Diman, Harry Ozier-Lafontaine
In West and Central Africa and in the Caribbean, yam is one of the most important sources of carbohydrates and has a great potential to improve food security. The yam production sector is, however, now challenged by the satisfaction of evolving consumers' preferences. Since little is known about consumers' preferences regarding yams' characteristics, product quality, and the drivers of yam purchase, six focus group discussions were conducted (for a total of 31 participants). Among the purchasing criteria, price was considered more important than the others...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070007/first-evidence-of-angiostrongyliasis-caused-by-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-guadeloupe-lesser-antilles
#17
Céline Dard, Jean-Eudes Piloquet, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, LeAnne M Fox, Helmi M'kada, Jean-Christophe Hebert, Didier Mattera, Dorothée Harrois
AbstractInfection by the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis represents the most common cause of infectious eosinophilic meningitis in humans, causing central nervous system (CNS) angiostrongyliasis. Most of CNS angiostrongyliasis cases were described in Asia, Pacific Basin, Australia, and some limited parts of Africa and America. CNS angiostrongyliasis has been reported in the Caribbean but never in the Lesser Antilles. The primary objectives of this study were to depict the first case of CNS angiostrongyliasis in the Lesser Antilles and investigate the environmental presence of A...
March 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997330/severe-thrombocytopenia-after-zika-virus-infection-guadeloupe-2016
#18
Timothée Boyer Chammard, Kinda Schepers, Sébastien Breurec, Thierry Messiaen, Anne-Laure Destrem, Matthieu Mahevas, Adrien Soulillou, Ludovic Janaud, Elodie Curlier, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Bruno Hoen
Severe thrombocytopenia during or after the course of Zika virus infection has been rarely reported. We report 7 cases of severe thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic signs and symptoms in Guadeloupe after infection with this virus. Clinical course and laboratory findings strongly suggest a causal link between Zika virus infection and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993665/active-surveillance-for-favorable-risk-prostate-cancer-in-african-caribbean-men-results-of-a-prospective-study
#19
Matthias Meunier, Rémi Eyraud, Cédric Sénéchal, Gilles Gourtaud, Virginie Roux, Cécilia Lanchon, Laurent Brureau, Pascal Blanchet
PURPOSE: Active surveillance is a treatment option for favorable risk prostate cancer. However, data are missing on populations of African descent. We evaluated the safety and benefit of active surveillance in an African Caribbean cohort with favorable risk prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2016, a single center, prospective cohort study was performed in Guadeloupe, French West Indies, including patients on active surveillance who had low risk prostate cancer (prostate specific antigen 10 ng/ml or less and Gleason score 6 or less) or favorable intermediate risk prostate cancer (prostate specific antigen 10 to 20 ng/ml, Gleason score 3 + 4 or less and life expectancy less than 10 years)...
May 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988729/a-preliminary-assessment-of-the-deep-sea-decapoda-collected-during-the-karubenthos-2015-expedition-to-guadeloupe-island
#20
Joseph Poupin, Laure Corbari
A preliminary assessment of the deep-sea Decapoda is proposed for Guadeloupe Island based solely on high definition macro photographs taken during the KARUBENTHOS 2015 Expedition to the Island (R/V Antea, 7-29 June 2015). Overall, 190 species are recognized, several of which are depicted with their fresh color for the first time. Previous records in the Lesser Antilles are documented and the geographic distribution of the species in these Islands is given. The historical contribution of the steamer Blake (1878-1879) in the Lesser Antilles is emphasized...
November 13, 2016: Zootaxa
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