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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296276/report-on-an-anti-doping-operation-in-guadeloupe-high-number-of-positive-cases-and-inferences-about-doping-habits
#1
A Marchand, C Buisson, L Martin, J-A Martin, A Molina, D Ressiot
Anti-doping controls in non-major events are relatively infrequent and athletes that compete only in these events are less likely to be controlled. The French Anti-Doping Agency carried out an anti-doping operation during a regional cycling competition in Guadeloupe. The urine and serum samples were analyzed by the French anti-doping laboratory. Out of 42 athletes, 7 were positive for one or more substances prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Four serum samples contained continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) and one a recombinant erythropoietin...
March 11, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253356/resistance-to-antimicrobial-drugs-in-different-surface-waters-and-wastewaters-of-guadeloupe
#2
Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Celia Dartron, Mélanie Falord, Syndia Sadikalay, Célia Ducat, Vincent Richard, Sébastien Breurec, Olivier Gros, Antoine Talarmin
OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance of Enterobacteriaceae in different water environments of Guadeloupe and especially those impacted by waste water treatment plants (WWTP) effluents. The second objective was to characterize the genetic basis for antibiotic resistance of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates (ESBLE and AmpCE). METHODS: We have collected 70 surface waters (river and sea samples) impacted or not by WWTP and 18 waste waters from 2 WWTPs in 2012 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253323/the-annual-carnival-in-guadeloupe-french-west-indies-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-the-number-of-conceptions-and-subsequent-births-nine-months-later-2000-2011
#3
Philippe Kadhel, Nathalie Costet, Teddy Toto, Eustase Janky, Luc Multigner
The seasonal patterns of conceptions and births differ between geographic areas. Several potential determinants of this variation have been identified, including biological, environmental and behavioral elements, but festive events are rarely mentioned. We investigated the possible association between the carnival and seasonal fertility variations in the French West Indies. We ran a retrospective registry-based study. The data were extracted from the registry of all births on Guadeloupe between 2000 and 2011 (n = 74,412), and from the Maternity Birth Register of the University Hospital, for all pregnancies of at least 14 completed weeks of gestation (observable conceptions) with an outcome recorded between 2007 and 2010 (n = 8,425)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241170/main-characteristics-of-zika-virus-exanthema-in-guadeloupe
#4
Nadège Cordel, Xavier Birembaux, Hugo Chaumont, Frédérique Delion, Olivier Chosidow, Benoit Tressières, Cécile Herrmann Storck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187780/levels-of-insecticide-resistance-to-deltamethrin-malathion-and-temephos-and-associated-mechanisms-in-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-from-the-guadeloupe-and-saint-martin-islands-french-west-indies
#5
Daniella Goindin, Christelle Delannay, Andric Gelasse, Cédric Ramdini, Thierry Gaude, Frédéric Faucon, Jean-Philippe David, Joël Gustave, Anubis Vega-Rua, Florence Fouque
BACKGROUND: In the Guadeloupe and Saint Martin islands, Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are the only recognized vectors of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. For around 40 years, malathion was used as a mosquito adulticide and temephos as a larvicide. Since the European Union banned the use of these two insecticide molecules in the first decade of the 21st century, deltamethrin and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis are the remaining adulticide and larvicide, respectively, used in Guadeloupe...
February 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158185/schistosome-infectivity-in-the-snail-biomphalaria-glabrata-is-partially-dependent-on-the-expression-of-grctm6-a-guadeloupe-resistance-complex-protein
#6
Euan R O Allan, Jacob A Tennessen, Stephanie R Bollmann, Patrick C Hanington, Christopher J Bayne, Michael S Blouin
Schistosomiasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases. Despite effective chemotherapeutic treatments, this disease continues to afflict hundreds of millions of people. Understanding the natural intermediate snail hosts of schistosome parasites is vital to the suppression of this disease. A recently identified genomic region in Caribbean Biomphalaria glabrata snails strongly influences their resistance to infection by Schistosoma mansoni. This region contains novel genes having structural similarity to known pathogen recognition proteins...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143423/report-of-three-imported-cases-of-neurocysticercosis-in-guadeloupe
#7
R Blaizot, B Melot, K Schepers, M Nicolas, S Gaumond, P Poullain, L Belaye, A Lannuzel, B Hoen
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis is endemic in most countries of Central and South America but has rarely been described in the French West Indies. We aimed to better understand the clinical and radiological presentation of our cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report three cases of neurocysticercosis in patients living in Guadeloupe, with different clinical and radiological presentations. CONCLUSION: Given the eventuality of autochtonous transmission, the diagnosis should be considered in all patients living in Guadeloupe presenting with seizures...
January 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119121/incidence-mortality-and-receptor-status-of-breast-cancer-in-african-caribbean-women-data-from-the-cancer-registry-of-guadeloupe
#8
J Deloumeaux, S Gaumond, B Bhakkan, Nsome Manip M'Ebobisse, W Lafrance, Pierre Lancelot, D Vacque, Y Negesse, A Diedhiou, P Kadhel
BACKGROUND: Geographical disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcomes are reported worldwide. Women of African descent show lower incidence, higher mortality rates and earlier age of onset. We analyzed data from the cancer registry of Guadeloupe for the period 2008-2013. METHODS: We describe breast cancer characteristics by molecular subtype, as well as estimated observed and net survival. We used Cox proportional hazard models to determine associations between cancer subtypes and death rate, adjusted for variables of interest...
January 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#9
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081120/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-outbreaks-in-guadeloupe-and-martinique-2014-an-observational-study-in-volunteer-blood-donors
#10
Pierre Gallian, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pascale Richard, Françoise Maire, Olivier Flusin, Rachid Djoudi, Jacques Chiaroni, Remi Charrel, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
BACKGROUND: During Dec-2013, a chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak was first detected in the French-West Indies. Subsequently, the virus dispersed to other Caribbean islands, continental America and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. Previous estimates of the attack rate were based on declaration of clinically suspected cases. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Individual testing for CHIKV RNA of all (n = 16,386) blood donations between Feb-24th 2014 and Jan-31st 2015 identified 0·36% and 0·42% of positives in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070316/consumers-preferences-for-fresh-yam-a-focus-group-study
#11
Carla Barlagne, Denis Cornet, Jean-Marc Blazy, Jean-Louis Diman, Harry Ozier-Lafontaine
In West and Central Africa and in the Caribbean, yam is one of the most important sources of carbohydrates and has a great potential to improve food security. The yam production sector is, however, now challenged by the satisfaction of evolving consumers' preferences. Since little is known about consumers' preferences regarding yams' characteristics, product quality, and the drivers of yam purchase, six focus group discussions were conducted (for a total of 31 participants). Among the purchasing criteria, price was considered more important than the others...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070007/first-evidence-of-angiostrongyliasis-caused-by-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-guadeloupe-lesser-antilles
#12
Céline Dard, Jean-Eudes Piloquet, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, LeAnne M Fox, Helmi M'kada, Jean-Christophe Hebert, Didier Mattera, Dorothée Harrois
Infection by the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis represents the most common cause of infectious eosinophilic meningitis in humans, causing central nervous system (CNS) angiostrongyliasis. Most of CNS angiostrongyliasis cases were described in Asia, Pacific Basin, Australia, and some limited parts of Africa and America. CNS angiostrongyliasis has been reported in the Caribbean but never in the Lesser Antilles. The primary objectives of this study were to depict the first case of CNS angiostrongyliasis in the Lesser Antilles and investigate the environmental presence of A...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997330/severe-thrombocytopenia-after-zika-virus-infection-guadeloupe-2016
#13
Timothée Boyer Chammard, Kinda Schepers, Sébastien Breurec, Thierry Messiaen, Anne-Laure Destrem, Matthieu Mahevas, Adrien Soulillou, Ludovic Janaud, Elodie Curlier, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Bruno Hoen
Severe thrombocytopenia during or after the course of Zika virus infection has been rarely reported. We report 7 cases of severe thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic signs and symptoms in Guadeloupe after infection with this virus. Clinical course and laboratory findings strongly suggest a causal link between Zika virus infection and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993665/active-surveillance-for-favorable-risk-prostate-cancer-in-african-caribbean-men-results-of-a-prospective-study
#14
Matthias Meunier, Rémi Eyraud, Cédric Sénéchal, Gilles Gourtaud, Virginie Roux, Cécilia Lanchon, Laurent Brureau, Pascal Blanchet
PURPOSE: Active surveillance is a treatment option for favorable risk prostate cancer. However, data are missing on populations of African descent. We evaluated the safety and benefit of active surveillance in an African Caribbean cohort with favorable risk prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2016, a single center, prospective cohort study was performed in Guadeloupe, French West Indies, including patients on active surveillance who had low risk prostate cancer (prostate specific antigen 10 ng/ml or less and Gleason score 6 or less) or favorable intermediate risk prostate cancer (prostate specific antigen 10 to 20 ng/ml, Gleason score 3 + 4 or less and life expectancy less than 10 years)...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988729/a-preliminary-assessment-of-the-deep-sea-decapoda-collected-during-the-karubenthos-2015-expedition-to-guadeloupe-island
#15
Joseph Poupin, Laure Corbari
A preliminary assessment of the deep-sea Decapoda is proposed for Guadeloupe Island based solely on high definition macro photographs taken during the KARUBENTHOS 2015 Expedition to the Island (R/V Antea, 7-29 June 2015). Overall, 190 species are recognized, several of which are depicted with their fresh color for the first time. Previous records in the Lesser Antilles are documented and the geographic distribution of the species in these Islands is given. The historical contribution of the steamer Blake (1878-1879) in the Lesser Antilles is emphasized...
November 13, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988661/lucinid-bivalves-of-guadeloupe-diversity-and-systematics-in-the-context-of-the-tropical-western-atlantic-mollusca-bivalvia-lucinidae
#16
Ohn D Taylor, Emily A Glover
Intensive sampling of molluscs from the intertidal to depths of 800 m around the islands of Guadeloupe in the Lesser Antilles (KARUBENTHOS 2012, 2015) recovered 25 species of Lucinidae. All the Guadeloupe species are described and illustrated including details of larval shells and the taxonomy revised within the context of the wider western Atlantic fauna and recent classifications. Concurrent molecular analysis has helped separate frequently confounded species. 'Myrtea' pristiphora is placed in the Leucosphaerine genus Myrtina previously known from the Indo-West Pacific...
November 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825567/prevalence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-french-west-indies-results-of-the-epppra-study-in-martinique
#17
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824663/socioeconomic-and-healthcare-use-related-determinants-of-cervical-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-practice-in-the-french-west-indies
#18
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Danièle Luce
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic and healthcare use characteristics in the participation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening in the French West Indies. We used data from a national health survey conducted in 2014 in Martinique (n=2026) and Guadeloupe (n=2028). Logistic regressions adjusted for various sociodemographic and morbidity variables were performed. The following determinants were investigated: having hot water at home, having received income support for low-income individuals during the last year, educational level, occupational class, complementary health insurance, healthcare renouncement and visit to the general practitioner (GP) during the last year...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811715/new-species-of-dichogaster-beddard-1888-clitellata-benhamiidae-with-additional-records-of-earthworms-from-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#19
Samuel W James, Franciane Gamiette
A survey of the earthworms of Guadeloupe was undertaken to improve knowledge of the diversity of native and introduced earthworms of the island and to evaluate native species for use in vermicomposting. Twenty-eight species were found, 8 introduced, 4 uncertain, and 16 presumed native. The introduced species are Pontoscolex corethrurus, Pontoscolex spiralis, Amynthas rodericensis, Perionyx excavatus, Polypheretima elongata, Dichogaster affinis, Eudrilus eugeniae, and Drawida sp. Juveniles of the genera Righiodrilus, Glossodrilus and Periscolex were found, but one cannot say if they are introduced or not without a confirmed identification...
October 25, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811638/the-biting-and-predaceous-midges-of-guadeloupe-diptera-ceratopogonidae-ii-species-of-the-subfamily-dasyheleinae
#20
Willliam L Jr Grogan, Florentina Díaz, Gustavo R Spinelli, Maria M Ronderos
We provide descriptions, photographs and illustrations of 13 new species and new records of eight other species of biting midges in the genus Dasyhelea Kieffer from Guadeloupe. Included are the first Guadeloupe records of D. bermudae Wirth & Williams, D. caribbeana Spinelli & Wirth, D. cincta (Coquillett), D. flavifrons (Guérin-Méneville), D. grisea (Coquillett), D. griseola Wirth, D. luteogrisea Wirth & Williams and D. pseudoincisurata Waugh & Wirth. The previously unknown male of D. caribbeana is described and illustrated, and, a key is provided for the 24 species of Dasyhelea known from Guadeloupe...
November 3, 2016: Zootaxa
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