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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095137/diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-in-the-french-caribbean-a-special-vulnerability-for-women
#1
Philippe Carrère, Cédric Fagour, Dan Sportouch, Franciane Gane-Troplent, Jeannie Hélène-Pelage, Thierry Lang, Jocelyn Inamo
The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes and its risk factors among French Caribbean adults. This cross-sectional study included 18-74-year-olds (N = 2252; 56.5% women) who underwent a heath examination in Guadeloupe during July-December 2014. Diabetes was defined as using antidiabetic treatment, or fasting glucose ≥7 mmol/l, and HbA1c ≥6.5%; diabetes control was defined as HbA1c <7%. Multilevel logistic regression was used. Diabetes prevalence was 8...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081120/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-outbreaks-in-guadeloupe-and-martinique-2014-an-observational-study-in-volunteer-blood-donors
#2
Pierre Gallian, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Pascale Richard, Françoise Maire, Olivier Flusin, Rachid Djoudi, Jacques Chiaroni, Remi Charrel, Pierre Tiberghien, Xavier de Lamballerie
BACKGROUND: During Dec-2013, a chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak was first detected in the French-West Indies. Subsequently, the virus dispersed to other Caribbean islands, continental America and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. Previous estimates of the attack rate were based on declaration of clinically suspected cases. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Individual testing for CHIKV RNA of all (n = 16,386) blood donations between Feb-24th 2014 and Jan-31st 2015 identified 0·36% and 0·42% of positives in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070316/consumers-preferences-for-fresh-yam-a-focus-group-study
#3
Carla Barlagne, Denis Cornet, Jean-Marc Blazy, Jean-Louis Diman, Harry Ozier-Lafontaine
In West and Central Africa and in the Caribbean, yam is one of the most important sources of carbohydrates and has a great potential to improve food security. The yam production sector is, however, now challenged by the satisfaction of evolving consumers' preferences. Since little is known about consumers' preferences regarding yams' characteristics, product quality, and the drivers of yam purchase, six focus group discussions were conducted (for a total of 31 participants). Among the purchasing criteria, price was considered more important than the others...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070007/first-evidence-of-angiostrongyliasis-caused-by-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-guadeloupe-lesser-antilles
#4
Céline Dard, Jean-Eudes Piloquet, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, LeAnne M Fox, Helmi M'kada, Jean-Christophe Hebert, Didier Mattera, Dorothée Harrois
Infection by the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis represents the most common cause of infectious eosinophilic meningitis in humans, causing central nervous system (CNS) angiostrongyliasis. Most of CNS angiostrongyliasis cases were described in Asia, Pacific Basin, Australia, and some limited parts of Africa and America. CNS angiostrongyliasis has been reported in the Caribbean but never in the Lesser Antilles. The primary objectives of this study were to depict the first case of CNS angiostrongyliasis in the Lesser Antilles and investigate the environmental presence of A...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997330/severe-thrombocytopenia-after-zika-virus-infection-guadeloupe-2016
#5
Timothée Boyer Chammard, Kinda Schepers, Sébastien Breurec, Thierry Messiaen, Anne-Laure Destrem, Matthieu Mahevas, Adrien Soulillou, Ludovic Janaud, Elodie Curlier, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Bruno Hoen
Severe thrombocytopenia during or after the course of Zika virus infection has been rarely reported. We report 7 cases of severe thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic signs and symptoms in Guadeloupe after infection with this virus. Clinical course and laboratory findings strongly suggest a causal link between Zika virus infection and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.
15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993665/active-surveillance-for-favorable-risk-prostate-cancer-in-african-caribbean-men-results-of-a-prospective-study
#6
Matthias Meunier, Rémi Eyraud, Cédric Sénéchal, Gilles Gourtaud, Virginie Roux, Cécilia Lanchon, Laurent Brureau, Pascal Blanchet
PURPOSE: Active surveillance (AS) is a treatment option for favorable-risk prostate cancers (PCa). However, data concerning populations of African descent is missing. We evaluated the safety and benefit of AS in an African Caribbean cohort with favorable-risk PCa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2016, a monocentric prospective cohort study was conducted in Guadeloupe (French West Indies), including patients with low-risk PCa (prostate-specific antigen [PSA] ≤10 ng/ml; Gleason ≤6) or favorable intermediate-risk PCa (PSA, 10-20 ng/ml; Gleason ≤3+4; life expectancy <10 years) in AS...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988729/a-preliminary-assessment-of-the-deep-sea-decapoda-collected-during-the-karubenthos-2015-expedition-to-guadeloupe-island
#7
Joseph Poupin, Laure Corbari
A preliminary assessment of the deep-sea Decapoda is proposed for Guadeloupe Island based solely on high definition macro photographs taken during the KARUBENTHOS 2015 Expedition to the Island (R/V Antea, 7-29 June 2015). Overall, 190 species are recognized, several of which are depicted with their fresh color for the first time. Previous records in the Lesser Antilles are documented and the geographic distribution of the species in these Islands is given. The historical contribution of the steamer Blake (1878-1879) in the Lesser Antilles is emphasized...
November 13, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988661/lucinid-bivalves-of-guadeloupe-diversity-and-systematics-in-the-context-of-the-tropical-western-atlantic-mollusca-bivalvia-lucinidae
#8
Ohn D Taylor, Emily A Glover
Intensive sampling of molluscs from the intertidal to depths of 800 m around the islands of Guadeloupe in the Lesser Antilles (KARUBENTHOS 2012, 2015) recovered 25 species of Lucinidae. All the Guadeloupe species are described and illustrated including details of larval shells and the taxonomy revised within the context of the wider western Atlantic fauna and recent classifications. Concurrent molecular analysis has helped separate frequently confounded species. 'Myrtea' pristiphora is placed in the Leucosphaerine genus Myrtina previously known from the Indo-West Pacific...
November 23, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825567/prevalence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-french-west-indies-results-of-the-epppra-study-in-martinique
#9
Lauren Brunier, Marie Bleterry, Sylvie Merle, Christian Derancourt, Katlyn Polomat, Véronique Dehlinger, Christophe Deligny, Georges Jean-Baptiste, Serge Arfi, Rishika Banydeen, Michel De Bandt
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is less frequent in African populations. However, no recent precise data exists for Afro-Caribbeans. The EPPPRA project is a prospective epidemiological survey to describe prevalence and clinical aspects of RA in the French West Indies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana). METHODS: EPPPRA involved all rheumatologists from the French West Indies who included all patients with a known clinical diagnosis of RA, during a one-year period...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824663/socioeconomic-and-healthcare-use-related-determinants-of-cervical-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-practice-in-the-french-west-indies
#10
Gwenn Menvielle, Julien Dugas, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Danièle Luce
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of socioeconomic and healthcare use characteristics in the participation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening in the French West Indies. We used data from a national health survey conducted in 2014 in Martinique (n=2026) and Guadeloupe (n=2028). Logistic regressions adjusted for various sociodemographic and morbidity variables were performed. The following determinants were investigated: having hot water at home, having received income support for low-income individuals during the last year, educational level, occupational class, complementary health insurance, healthcare renouncement and visit to the general practitioner (GP) during the last year...
November 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811715/new-species-of-dichogaster-beddard-1888-clitellata-benhamiidae-with-additional-records-of-earthworms-from-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#11
Samuel W James, Franciane Gamiette
A survey of the earthworms of Guadeloupe was undertaken to improve knowledge of the diversity of native and introduced earthworms of the island and to evaluate native species for use in vermicomposting. Twenty-eight species were found, 8 introduced, 4 uncertain, and 16 presumed native. The introduced species are Pontoscolex corethrurus, Pontoscolex spiralis, Amynthas rodericensis, Perionyx excavatus, Polypheretima elongata, Dichogaster affinis, Eudrilus eugeniae, and Drawida sp. Juveniles of the genera Righiodrilus, Glossodrilus and Periscolex were found, but one cannot say if they are introduced or not without a confirmed identification...
October 25, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811638/the-biting-and-predaceous-midges-of-guadeloupe-diptera-ceratopogonidae-ii-species-of-the-subfamily-dasyheleinae
#12
Willliam L Jr Grogan, Florentina Díaz, Gustavo R Spinelli, Maria M Ronderos
We provide descriptions, photographs and illustrations of 13 new species and new records of eight other species of biting midges in the genus Dasyhelea Kieffer from Guadeloupe. Included are the first Guadeloupe records of D. bermudae Wirth & Williams, D. caribbeana Spinelli & Wirth, D. cincta (Coquillett), D. flavifrons (Guérin-Méneville), D. grisea (Coquillett), D. griseola Wirth, D. luteogrisea Wirth & Williams and D. pseudoincisurata Waugh & Wirth. The previously unknown male of D. caribbeana is described and illustrated, and, a key is provided for the 24 species of Dasyhelea known from Guadeloupe...
November 3, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802788/in-situ-quantification-and-tracking-of-volatile-organic-compounds-with-a-portable-mass-spectrometer-in-tropical-waste-and-urban-sites
#13
Thomas Plocoste, Sandra Jacoby-Koaly, Rose-Helen Petit, Jack Molinié, André Roussas
The present study outlines an experimental method for landfill Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) characterization by means of a portable time-of-flight mass spectrometer in an insular tropical environment. The concentrations of 6 VOCs, 3 aromatic and 3 chlorinated compounds, frequently identified in landfill gas plume were determined in the main municipal solid waste of Guadeloupe archipelago and its surrounding areas (in the Leeward Islands). The selected components of interest are benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane...
November 2, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770216/the-genome-sequence-of-dioscorea-bacilliform-tr-virus-a-member-of-the-genus-badnavirus-infecting-dioscorea-spp-sheds-light-on-the-possible-function-of-endogenous-dioscorea-bacilliform-viruses
#14
Marie Umber, Rose-Marie Gomez, Suzia Gélabale, Lydiane Bonheur, Claudie Pavis, Pierre-Yves Teycheney
The complete genome sequence of Dioscorea bacilliform TR virus (DBTRV) was determined. The closest relatives of DBTRV are Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus (DBALV) and Dioscorea bacilliform RT virus 1 (DBRTV1). Specific primers were designed and used to determine the prevalence of DBTRV in a yam germplasm collection. It was found that this virus infects Dioscorea alata and D. trifida plants in Guadeloupe and French Guyana. DTRBV was not detected in any of the tested D. cayenensis-rotundata accessions. In silico analysis provided evidence for the presence of DBTRV-like endogenous sequences in the genome of D...
October 21, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701338/first-occurrence-of-nemobiinae-crickets-in-the-lesser-antilles-orthoptera-%C3%A2-grylloidea-trigonidiidae-with-the-descriptions-of-three-new-species
#15
Laure Desutter-Grandcolas, Sylvain Hugel
The occurrence of Nemobiinae crickets (Grylloidea, Trigonidiidae) in the Lesser Antilles is attested here for the first time, by the descriptions of three new species of Absonemobius Desutter-Grandcolas, 1993 from Guadeloupe, St. Lucia and St. Vincent: Absonemobius septentrion n. sp., Absonemobius lucensis n. sp. and Absonemobius vincenti n. sp., and the discovery of Hygronemobius Hebard, 1913 in Guadeloupe. The generic attribution of several nemobiine species described from the Caribbean and from Southern Central America are also reviewed: Nemobius elegans Otte, 2006 from Costa Rica and Pteronemobius sanaco Otte & Perez-Gelabert, 2009 described from Belize are transferred to Hygronemobius; Hygronemobius darienicus Hebard, 1913 described from Panama is transferred to Absonemobius Desutter-Grandcolas, 1993; Hygronemobius epia Otte & Perez-Gelabert, 2009 does not belong to Hygronemobius, but is temporarily kept in this genus as incertae sedis...
September 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697250/endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery-despite-intracameral-antibiotic-prophylaxis-with-licensed-cefuroxime
#16
Charles Mesnard, Laurence Beral, Rabih Hage, Harold Merle, Selim Farès, Thierry David
PURPOSE: To report a case series of post-phacoemulsification endophthalmitis despite antibiotic prophylaxis with an intracameral injection of a licensed cefuroxime formulation (Aprokam). SETTING: University Hospitals of Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, and Fort-de-France, Martinique, French West Indies. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had cataract surgery with licensed cefuroxime prophylaxis between March 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015, and developed endophthalmitis were included...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690562/transactional-sex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-french-antilles-and-french-guiana-frequency-and-associated-factors
#17
Justine Klingelschmidt, Marie-Claire Parriault, Astrid Van Melle, Célia Basurko, Barbara Gontier, André Cabié, Bruno Hoen, Marie-Thérèse Sow, Mathieu Nacher
The French Antilles (Martinique, Saint Martin and Guadeloupe) and French Guiana are the French territories most affected by the HIV epidemic. Some population groups such as men who have sex with men (MSM), especially those involved in transactional sex, are thought to be particularly vulnerable to HIV but few data exist to help characterize their health-related needs and thus implement relevant prevention interventions. To fill this knowledge gap, we used data collected from an HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviours and Practices survey conducted in 2012 among MSM living in the French Antilles and French Guiana and recruited through snowball sampling...
October 2, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629497/muon-dynamic-radiography-of-density-changes-induced-by-hydrothermal-activity-at-the-la-soufri%C3%A3-re-of-guadeloupe-volcano
#18
Kevin Jourde, Dominique Gibert, Jacques Marteau, Jean de Bremond d'Ars, Jean-Christophe Komorowski
Imaging geological structures through cosmic muon radiography is a newly developed technique which shows a great potential in volcanology. Here we demonstrate that muon radiography permits to detect and characterize mass movements in shallow hydrothermal systems of low-energy active volcanoes like the La Soufrière lava dome. We present an experiment conducted on this volcano during the Summer 2014 and bring evidence that very important density changes occurred in three domains of the lava dome. Depending on their position and on the medium porosity the volumes of these domains vary from 1 × 10(6) m(3) to 7 × 10(6) m(3)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617451/trends-of-mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-hiv-infected-persons-in-guadeloupe-1988-2009
#19
N Elenga, M T Ggeorger-Sow, T Messiaen, I Lamaury, I Favre, M Nacher, G Beaucaire
The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality rate, risk factors and causes of death among HIV-infected patients in Guadeloupe from 1988 to 2009. We used Kaplan-Meier analysis to describe the survival trends and the Cox proportional hazard model to identify predictors of deaths in HIV-infected patients. Mortality rate and causes of death were compared among patients whose HIV diagnosis was made in two different study periods. There were 672 deaths recorded. The exact cause of death was clearly identified for 202 patients (35%)...
September 18, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581837/which-psychoactive-substances-are-used-by-patients-seen-in-the-healthcare-system-in-french-overseas-territories-results-of-the-oppidum-survey
#20
Amélie Daveluy, Elisabeth Frauger, Hélène Peyrière, Christophe Moracchini, Françoise Haramburu, Joëlle Micallef
Addiction to illicit substances or medicines is influenced by cultural, religious, ethnic factors as well as local availability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the profile of drug users and characteristics of the psychoactive substances used in French overseas territories, using data from the OPPIDUM survey. OPPIDUM is an annual, nationwide, multicentric, cross-sectional study based on specialized care centres that included subjects presenting a drug addiction or under opiate maintenance treatment...
September 1, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
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